Read by QxMD icon Read

Neurotrophin production

Charles Yuen Yung Loh, Aline Yen Ling Wang, Huang-Kai Kao, Esteban Cardona, Sheng-Hao Chuang, Fu-Chan Wei
Traumatic peripheral nerve neurotmesis occurs frequently and functional recovery is often slow and impaired. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have shown much promise in recent years due to its regenerative properties similar to that of embryonic stem cells. However, the potential of iPSCs in promoting the functional recovery of a transected peripheral nerve is largely unknown. This study is the first to investigate in vivo effects of episomal iPSCs (EiPSCs) on peripheral nerve regeneration in a murine sciatic nerve transection model...
2016: PloS One
Jisung Kim, Siyoung Lee, Bo-Ryoung Choi, Hee Yang, Youjin Hwang, Jung Han Yoon Park, Frank M LaFerla, Jung-Soo Han, Ki Won Lee, Jiyoung Kim
SCOPE: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a neurotrophin that supports the survival of existing neurons and encourages the growth and differentiation of new neurons and synapses. We investigated the effect of sulforaphane, a hydrolysis product of glucoraphanin present in Brassica vegetables, on neuronal BDNF expression and its synaptic signaling pathways. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mouse primary cortical neurons and a triple-transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease (3 × Tg-AD) were used to study the effect of sulforaphane...
October 13, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Shin-Young Park, Min-Jeong Kang, Joong-Soo Han
We investigated the role of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in the neuronal differentiation of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) from hippocampi of E16.5 rat embryos. The production of nitric oxide (NO) and nNOS expression increased markedly during neuronal differentiation as did the expression of neurotrophin-3 (NT3), neurotrophin-4/5 (NT 4/5), and synapsin I. nNOS siRNA or the nNOS inhibitor, 7-nitroindazole (7-NI), decreased expression of the neurotrophins and synapsin I, and suppressed neurite outgrowth...
September 13, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Neide Kalil Gaspar, Márcia Kalil Aidé
Advances in knowledge of neurocellulars relations have provided new directions in the understanding and treatment of numerous conditions, including atopic dermatitis. It is known that emotional, physical, chemical or biological stimuli can generate more accentuated responses in atopic patients than in non-atopic individuals; however, the complex network of control covered by these influences, especially by neuropeptides and neurotrophins, and their genetic relations, still keep secrets to be revealed. Itching and airway hyperresponsiveness, the main aspects of atopy, are associated with disruption of the neurosensory network activity...
July 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Agung Dewanto, Jozsef Dudas, Rudolf Glueckert, Sylvia Mechsner, Anneliese Schrott-Fischer, Ludwig Wildt, Beata Seeber
BACKGROUND: The roles of the neurotrophins NGF (Neurotrophic growth factor) and BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor) in neuronal growth and development are already known. Meanwhile, the neurotrophin receptors TrkA (tropomyosin related kinase A), TrkB, and p75 are important for determining the fate of cells. In endometriosis, this complex system has not been fully elucidated yet. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression and location of these neurotrophins and their receptors in peritoneal (PE) and deep infiltrating endometriotic (DIE) tissues and to measure and compare the density of nerve fibers in the disease subtypes...
2016: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
Jian-Jiao Chen, Tao Wang, Cai-di An, Chun-Yan Jiang, Jie Zhao, Shao Li
In early- or late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD), inflammation, which is triggered by pathologic conditions, influences the progression of neurodegeneration. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has emerged as a crucial mediator of neurogenesis, because it exhibits a remarkable activity-dependent regulation of expression, which suggests that it may link inflammation to neurogenesis. Emerging evidence suggests that acute and chronic inflammation in AD differentially modulates neurotrophin functions, which are related to the roles of inflammation in neuroprotection and neurodegeneration...
August 5, 2016: Reviews in the Neurosciences
Katsuya Kami, Fumihiro Tajima, Emiko Senba
Physical exercise, such as forced treadmill running and swimming, can sufficiently improve mechanical allodynia and heat hyperalgesia in animal models of neuropathic pain (NPP), including partial sciatic nerve ligation, chronic constriction injury, and spinal nerve ligation models. Thus, physical exercise has been established as a low-cost, safe, and effective way to manage NPP conditions, but the exact mechanisms underlying such exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH) are not fully understood. A growing body of evidence has identified several factors that work at different levels of the nervous system as playing important roles in producing EIH in animal models of NPP...
August 2, 2016: Anatomical Science International
Nino Tabatadze, Catherine Woolley
Inositol triphosphate (IP3) is an important second messenger that participates in signal transduction pathways in diverse cell types including hippocampal neurons. Stimulation of phospholipase C in response to various stimuli (hormones, growth factors, neurotransmitters, neurotrophins, neuromodulators, odorants, light, etc) results in hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4, 5-bisphosphate (PIP2), a phospholipid that is located in the plasma membrane, and leads to the production of IP3 and diacylglycerol. Binding of IP3 to the IP3 receptor (IP3R) induces Ca(2+) release from intracellular stores and enables the initiation of intracellular Ca(2+)-dependent signaling...
April 5, 2016: Bio-protocol
Hongyi Tan, Pinhua Pan, Lemeng Zhang, Zu Cao, Ben Liu, Haitao Li, Xiaoli Su
INTRODUCTION: Nerve growth factor (NGF) plays an important role in asthmatic inflammatory responses. However, the effects of NGF on dendritic cells (DCs) in asthmatic inflammation remain unknown. Therefore, we examined the effects of NGF on co-stimulatory molecules and the release of cytokines after ovalbumin (OVA) and a low dose of LPS (low LPS) stimulation of dendritic cells. METHODS: Bone-marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) were collected from 6- to 8-week-old wide or TLR4(-/-) mice...
December 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Eero Castrén, Masami Kojima
Levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are reduced in the brain and serum of depressed patients and at least the reduction in serum levels is reversible upon successful treatment. These data, together with a wealth of reports using different animal models with depression-like behavior or manipulation of expression of BDNF or its receptor TrkB have implicated BDNF in the pathophysiology of depression as well as in the mechanism of action of antidepressant treatments. Recent findings have shown that posttranslational processing of BDNF gene product can yield different molecular entities that differently influence signaling through BNDF receptor TrkB and the pan-neurotrophin receptor p75(NTR)...
July 15, 2016: Neurobiology of Disease
Darren Carwardine, Liang-Fong Wong, James W Fawcett, Elizabeth M Muir, Nicolas Granger
A multitude of factors must be overcome following spinal cord injury (SCI) in order to achieve clinical improvement in patients. It is thought that by combining promising therapies these diverse factors could be combatted with the aim of producing an overall improvement in function. Chondroitin sulphate proteoglycans (CSPGs) present in the glial scar that forms following SCI present a significant block to axon regeneration. Digestion of CSPGs by chondroitinase ABC (ChABC) leads to axon regeneration, neuronal plasticity and functional improvement in preclinical models of SCI...
August 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Francesco Pezzini, Laura Bettinetti, Francesca Di Leva, Marzia Bianchi, Elisa Zoratti, Rosalba Carrozzo, Filippo M Santorelli, Massimo Delledonne, Maciej Lalowski, Alessandro Simonati
Human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells are widely utilized in in vitro studies to dissect out pathogenetic mechanisms of neurodegenerative disorders. These cells are considered as neuronal precursors and differentiate into more mature neuronal phenotypes under selected growth conditions. In this study, in order to decipher the pathways and cellular processes underlying neuroblastoma cell differentiation in vitro, we performed systematic transcriptomic (RNA-seq) and bioinformatic analysis of SH-SY5Y cells differentiated according to a two-step paradigm: retinoic acid treatment followed by enriched neurobasal medium...
July 15, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
Esther Lai Har Tang, Choo Hock Tan, Shin Yee Fung, Nget Hong Tan
UNLABELLED: The venom of Malayan pit viper (Calloselasma rhodostoma) is highly toxic but also valuable in drug discovery. However, a comprehensive proteome of the venom that details its toxin composition and abundance is lacking. This study aimed to unravel the venom complexity through a multi-step venomic approach. At least 96 distinct proteins (29 basic, 67 acidic) in 11 families were identified from the venom. The venom consists of mainly snake venom metalloproteinases (SVMP, 41.17% of total venom proteins), within which the P-I (kistomin, 20...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Proteomics
Nicolette A Hodyl, Tara M Crawford, Lorna McKerracher, Andrew Lawrence, Julia B Pitcher, Michael J Stark
BACKGROUND: Neurotrophins are proteins critically involved in neural growth, survival and differentiation, and therefore important for fetal brain development. Reduced cord blood neurotrophins have been observed in very preterm infants (<32weeks gestation) who subsequently develop brain injury. Antenatal steroid exposure can alter neurotrophin concentrations, yet studies to date have not examined whether this occurs in the late preterm infant (33-36weeks gestation), despite increasing recognition of subtle neurodevelopmental deficits in this population...
October 2016: Early Human Development
Susana Martiñón, Elisa García-Vences, Diana Toscano-Tejeida, Adrian Flores-Romero, Roxana Rodriguez-Barrera, Manuel Ferrusquia, Rolando E Hernández-Muñoz, Antonio Ibarra
BACKGROUND: After spinal cord (SC)-injury, a non-modulated immune response contributes to the damage of neural tissue. Protective autoimmunity (PA) is a T cell mediated, neuroprotective response induced after SC-injury. Immunization with neural-derived peptides (INDP), such as A91, has shown to promote-in vitro-the production of neurotrophic factors. However, the production of these molecules has not been studied at the site of injury. RESULTS: In order to evaluate these issues, we performed four experiments in adult female Sprague-Dawley rats...
2016: BMC Neuroscience
A Monnier, A Prigent-Tessier, A Quirié, N Bertrand, S Savary, C Gondcaille, P Garnier, C Demougeot, C Marie
AIM: Evidence that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a neurotrophin largely involved in cognition, is expressed by cerebral endothelial cells led us to explore in rats the contribution of the cerebral microvasculature to BDNF found in brain tissue and the link between cerebrovascular nitric oxide (NO) and BDNF production. METHODS: Brain BDNF protein levels were measured before and after in situ removal of the cerebral endothelium that was achieved by brain perfusion with a 0...
July 1, 2016: Acta Physiologica
Hayat Banoujaafar, Alice Monnier, Nicolas Pernet, Aurore Quirié, Philippe Garnier, Anne Prigent-Tessier, Christine Marie
Scientific evidence continues to demonstrate a link between endothelial function and cognition. Besides, several studies have identified a complex interplay between nitric oxide (NO) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a neurotrophin largely involved in cognition. Therefore, this study investigated the link between cerebral endothelium-derived NO and BDNF signaling. For this purpose, levels of BDNF and the phosphorylated form of endothelial NO synthase at serine 1177 (p-eNOS) were simultaneously measured in the cortex and hippocampus of rats subjected to either bilateral common carotid occlusion (n = 6), physical exercise (n = 6) or a combination of both (n = 6) as experimental approaches to modulate flow-induced NO production by the cerebrovasculature...
September 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
Liong Liem, Eric van Dongen, Frank J Huygen, Peter Staats, Jeff Kramer
Chronic neuropathic pain is a widespread problem with negative personal and societal consequences. Despite considerable clinical neuroscience research, the goal of developing effective, reliable, and durable treatments has remained elusive. The critical role played by the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) in the induction and maintenance of chronic pain has been largely overlooked in these efforts, however. It may be that, by targeting this site, robust new options for pain management will be revealed. This review summarizes recent advances in the knowledge base for DRG-targeted treatments for neuropathic pain:• Pharmacological options including the chemical targeting of voltage-dependent calcium channels, transient receptor potential channels, neurotrophin production, potentiation of opioid transduction pathways, and excitatory glutamate receptors...
July 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
O M Volpina, D O Koroev, T D Volkova, A V Kamynina, M P Filatova, Y V Zaporozhskayva, A N Samokhin, I J Aleksandrova, N V Bobkova
A number of synthetic peptides corresponding to potentially important regions in the sequence of the four membrane proteins known as beta-amyloid cell receptors have been investigated on their ability to improve memory state in experimental model of Alzheimer's disease. Nine fragments repeating all the exposed nonstructural regions of the RAGE protein according to X-ray data, have been synthesized. The activity of these peptides and synthesized earlier immunoprotective fragments of other three proteins (acetylcholine receptor alpha7-type, prion protein and neurotrophin receptor p75) has been investigated under intranasal administration, without immune response to the peptide...
November 2015: Bioorganicheskaia Khimiia
Stefano Cobianchi, Ariadna Arbat-Plana, Víctor M López-Álvarez, Xavier Navarro
BACKGROUND: Shared connections between physical activity and neuroprotection has been studied for decades, but the mechanisms underlying this effect of specific exercise were only recently brought to light. Several evidences suggest that physical activity may be a reasonable and beneficial method to improve functional recovery in both peripheral and central nerve injuries and to delay functional decay in neurodegenerative diseases. In addition to improving cardiac and immune functions, Physical activity may represent a multifunctional approach not only to improve cardiocirculatory and immune functions, but potentially modulating trophic factors signaling and, in turn, neuronal function and structure at times that may be critical for neurodegeneration and regeneration...
March 29, 2016: Current Neuropharmacology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"