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Laura Colombaioni, Massimo Onor, Edoardo Benedetti, Emilia Bramanti
Lactate and ethanol (EtOH) were determined in cell culture medium (CCM) of immortalized hippocampal neurons (HN9.10e cell line) before and after incubation with Thallium (Tl). This cell line is a reliable, in vitro model of one of the most vulnerable regions of central nervous system. Cells were incubated for 48 h with three different single Tl doses: 1, 10, 100 μg/L (corresponding to 4.9, 49 and 490 nM, respectively). After 48 h, neurons were "reperfused" with fresh CCM every 24/48 h until 7 days after the treatment and the removed CCM was collected and analysed...
2017: PloS One
Juan Zhang, Zilin Chen
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) as a subclass of coordination polymers, have attracted wide interest in various field. Herein, we focus on its application in chromatographic separation due to its excellent physical and chemical properties such as large surface area, high porosity, uniform pore sizes and structural diversity. In 2014, a review was published to summarize the most significant advances in MOFs, and their applications in separation science. The present review was an extensive update on applications of MOFs in chromatographic separation from 2014 to the present such as high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), capillary electrochromatography (CEC), nano-liquid chromatography (nano-LC), and gas chromatography (GC)...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Congying Wen, Mengmeng Li, Wangbo Li, Zizhou Li, Wei Duan, Yulong Li, Jie Zhou, Xiyou Li, Jingbin Zeng
The content of gasoline fraction in oil samples is not only an important indicator of oil quality, but also an indispensable fundamental data for oil refining and processing. Before its determination, efficient preconcentration and separation of gasoline fractions from complicated matrices is essential. In this work, a thin layer of graphene (G) was deposited onto oriented ZnO nanorods (ZNRs) as a SPME coating. By this approach, the surface area of G was greatly enhanced by the aligned ZNRs, and the surface polarity of ZNRs was changed from polar to less polar, which were both beneficial for the extraction of gasoline fractions...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Adelaida Esteban-Fernández, Carolina Muñoz-González, Ana Jiménez-Girón, María Pérez-Jiménez, María Ángeles Pozo-Bayón
The aim of this study has been to investigate if wine matrix composition might influence the interaction between odorants and oral mucosa in the oral cavity during a "wine intake-like" situation. Aroma released after exposing the oral cavity of three individuals to different wines (n=12) previously spiked with six target aromas was followed by an -in vivo intra-oral SPME approach. Results showed a significant effect of wine matrix composition on the intra-oral aroma release of certain odorants. Among the wine matrix parameters, phenolic compounds showed the largest impact...
March 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Rosaria Cozzolino, Beatrice De Giulio, Pasquale Marena, Antonella Martignetti, Kathrin Günther, Fabio Lauria, Paola Russo, Matteo Stocchero, Alfonso Siani
Accumulating evidence shows that urinary volatile organic compounds (VOCs) could be perturbed in many physiological and pathological states, including several diseases and different dietary exposures. Few studies investigated the urinary metabolic signature associated to excess body weight and obesity in adult populations, while a different VOCs profile was found in exhaled breath in obese as compared to lean children. Aim of this study was to evaluate the VOCs profile in the urine of 21 overweight/obese (OW/Ob) and 28 normal-weight (NW) children belonging to the Italian cohort of the I...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
Nicolas Kirschner, Adriana Neves Dias, Dilma Budziak, Cristian Berto da Silveira, Josias Merib, Eduardo Carasek
A sustainable approach to TF-SPME is presented using recycled diatomaceous earth, obtained from a beer purification process, as a green sorbent phase for the determination of bisphenol A (BPA), benzophenone (BzP), triclocarban (TCC), 4-methylbenzylidene camphor (4-MBC) and 2-ethylhexyl-p-methoxycinnamate (EHMC) in environmental water samples. TF-SPME was combined with a 96-well plate system allowing for high-throughput analysis due to the simultaneous extraction/desorption up to 96 samples. The proposed sorbent phase exhibited good stability in organic solvents, as well as satisfactory analytical performance...
December 15, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
Jihéne Bouhlel, Delphine Jouan-Rimbaud Bouveresse, Said Abouelkaram, Elisabeth Baéza, Catherine Jondreville, Angélique Travel, Jérémy Ratel, Erwan Engel, Douglas N Rutledge
The aim of this work is to compare a novel exploratory chemometrics method, Common Components Analysis (CCA), with Principal Components Analysis (PCA) and Independent Components Analysis (ICA). CCA consists in adapting the multi-block statistical method known as Common Components and Specific Weights Analysis (CCSWA or ComDim) by applying it to a single data matrix, with one variable per block. As an application, the three methods were applied to SPME-GC-MS volatolomic signatures of livers in an attempt to reveal volatile organic compounds (VOCs) markers of chicken exposure to different types of micropollutants...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
Zhoubing Huang, Shuqin Liu, Jiangqiao Xu, Li Yin, Fen Sun, Ningbo Zhou, Gangfeng Ouyang
The introduction of functional groups into metal organic frameworks has great potential for enhancement in adsorption performance of nitrosamines using solid phase microextraction (SPME). However, pre-functionalization and post-modification generally suffer from the same limitation that the additional functional groups occupy the free volume and thereby decreasing pore volume and special surface area. Herein, we use a modulator-induced defect-formation strategy to prepare the 8-aminocaprylic acid doped UIO-66 (Am-UIO-66) with high adsorption capacity of nitrosamines...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
Shihua Yu, Zhigang Liu, Weixian Wang, Li Jin, Weiqing Xu, Yuqing Wu
The technique of solid phase micro-extraction (SPME) is an important method for sample pretreatment in analytical chemistry, especially for the analysis in micro-systems. Surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is an ultra-sensitive and fast detection technique. Both are particularly important in qualitative analysis of trace amount of substance. In this study, combining the magnetic nanoparticles with magnetic SPME device, we develop a high efficient new pretreatment method named as disperse magnetic solid phase micro-extraction (Dis-MSPME)...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
Fangling Wu, Chongsheng Xu, Nan Jiang, Jiabin Wang, Chuan-Fan Ding
A poly (methacrylic acid-co-divinyl-benzene) [poly (MAA-co-DVB)] monolithic column was specially prepared according to the chemical structures of the three mycotoxins of aflatoxin B1, zearalenone and sterigmatocystin, and used for in-tube solid-phase microextraction (in-tube SPME) of the selected mycotoxins. The poly (MAA-co-DVB) monolithic column was characterized in detail, and exhibited effective hydrophobic, π-π, and hydrogen bonding interactions towards the target analytes. By coupling the poly (MAA-co-DVB) monolithic column-based in-tube SPME with high-performance liquid chromatography, a simple, sensitive and matrix effect-free method for determination of mycotoxins was developed...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
Simonetta Capone, Maria Tufariello, Angiola Forleo, Valentina Longo, Lucia Giampietruzzi, Antonio Vincenzo Radogna, Flavio Casino, Pietro Siciliano
Cigarette smoking harms nearly every organ of the body and causes many diseases. The analysis of exhaled breath for exogenous and endogenous Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) can provide fundamental information on active smoking and insight into the health damage that smoke is creating. Various exhaled Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) have been reported as typical of smoking habit and recent tobacco consumption, but to date, no eligible biomarkers have been identified. Aiming to identify such potential biomarkers, in this pilot study we analysed the chemical patterns of exhaled breath from 26 volunteers divided in groups of nonsmokers and subgroups of smokers sampled at different periods of withdrawal from smoking...
November 13, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
Shuang Chen, Sha Sha, Michael Qian, Yan Xu
This study investigated the aroma contribution of volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) in Moutai liquors. The VSCs were analyzed using headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-pulsed flame photometric detection (HS-SPME-GC-PFPD). The influences of SPME fibers, ethanol content in the sample, pre-incubation time, and extraction temperature and time on the extraction of VSCs were optimized. The VSCs were optimally extracted using a divinylbenzene/carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane fiber, by incubating 10 mL diluted Chinese liquor (5% vol...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Food Science
Fengjiang Zhang, Hao Dong, Xuanlang Zhang, Jin Guo, Yunqing Liu, Cheng Zhou, Xi Zhang, Jun Liu, Min Yan, Xing Chen
Propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol) is widely used in total intravenous anesthesia. An unknown drug concentration in blood always leads to some side effects in patients with propofol injection. However, the drug concentration in the blood is hard to be continuously measured since invasive sampling causes a loss of blood at each measurement. Here, we introduced a virtual surface acoustic wave sensor array (VSAWSA) to non-invasively detect the propofol concentration in blood through exhaled gases. Calibration was conducted by a parallel test using gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC-MS) with solid-phase micro-extraction (SPME) for preconcentration...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
Alireza Ghiasvand, Samira Koonani, Fatemeh Yazdankhah, Saeid Farhadi
A simple, rapid, and reliable headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) procedure, reinforced by applying vacuum in the extraction vial, was developed. It was applied for the extraction of nicotine in solid samples prior to determination by gas chromatography-flame ionization detection (GC-FID). First, the surface of a narrow stainless steel wire was made porous and adhesive by platinization to obtain a durable, higher surface area, and resistant fiber. Then, a thin film of sulfonated graphene/polyaniline (Sulf-G/PANI) nanocomposite was synthesized and simultaneously coated on the platinized fiber using the electrophoretic deposition (EPD) method...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Ibtissem Ben Hammouda, Flavia Freitas, Sonda Ammar, M D R Gomes Da Silva, Mohamed Bouaziz
The formation and emission of volatile compounds, including the aldehydes and some toxic compounds of oil samples, ROPO pure (100%) and the blended ROPO/RCO (80-20%), were carried out during deep frying at 180°C. The volatile profile of both oil samples was evaluated by an optimized HS-SPME-GC/MS method, before and after 20, 40 and 60 successive sessions of deep-frying. Actually, from 100 detected compounds, aldehydes were found to be the main group formed. In addition, the oil degradation under thermal treatment regarding the volatile compounds were evaluated and compared...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Michelle S S Amaral, Philip J Marriott, Humberto R Bizzo, Claudia M Rezende
This study investigates applications and performance evaluation of SLB-IL60, SLB-IL76 and SLB-IL111 columns, in relation to a DB-Wax column, for the analysis of coffee volatile compounds. Both standards and an authentic coffee sample were analysed, with solid-phase microextraction (SPME) sampling of the latter. A cryofocusing method was applied to improve resolution of the earliest eluting peaks using splitless injection SPME sample analysis. The Grob test was used to verify the inertness and efficiency of the columns, helping to understand the interactions between analytes and stationary phases, particularly toward more polar coffee analytes...
November 10, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Nathaly Reyes-Garcés, Emanuela Gionfriddo, German Augusto Gómez-Ríos, Md Nazmul Alam, Ezel Boyaci, Barbara Bojko, Varoon Singh, Jonathan J Grandy, Janusz Pawliszyn
Solid phase microextraction (SPME) is a versatile, non-exhaustive sample preparation tool that has been demonstrated to be well-suited for facile and effective analysis of a broad range of compounds in a plethora of studies. A growing number of reports describing diverse SPME workflows for novel investigations in a variety of fields, such as flavor and fragrance investigations, environmental studies, and diverse bioanalytical applications, among others, corroborate the applicability of this microextraction tool in the analytical sciences...
November 8, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Igor Jerković, Piotr M Kuś
A volatile profile of ramson (wild garlic, Allium ursinum L.) honey was investigated by headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and ultrasonic solvent extraction (USE) followed by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC-FID/GC-MS) analyses. The headspace was dominated by linalool derivatives: cis- and trans-linalool oxides (25.3%; 9.2%), hotrienol (12.7%), and linalool (5.8%). Besides direct extraction with dichloromethane and pentane/diethyl ether mixture (1:2, v/v), two solvent sequences (I: pentane → diethyl ether; II: pentane → pentane/diethyl ether (1:2, v/v) → dichloromethane) were applied...
November 6, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Fabrizio Cincotta, Antonella Verzera, Gianluca Tripodi, Concetta Condurso
The aim of this research was to develop and validate a headspace-solid phase micro-extraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC-MS) method for the determination of volatile emerging contaminants in fruit. The method showed good precision (RSD ≤ 14 %) and satisfactory recoveries (99.1 % to 101.7 %) and LOD and LOQ values ranging between 0.011 - 0.033 μg kg(-1) and 0.037 - 0.098 μg kg(-1), respectively. The method was applied to investigate the content of volatile emerging contaminants in two varieties of melon fruit (Cucumis melo L...
November 7, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Susann-Cathrin Lang, Philipp Mayer, Andrew Hursthouse, Danijela Kötke, Ines Hand, Detlef Schulz-Bull, Gesine Witt
Sediment cores and bottom water samples from across the Baltic Sea region were analyzed for freely dissolved concentrations (Cfree), total sediment concentrations (CT) and the dissolved aqueous fraction in water of seven indicator PCBs. Ex-situ equilibrium sampling of sediment samples was conducted with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) coated glass fibers that were analyzed by automated thermal desorption GC-MS, which yielded PCB concentrations in the fiber coating (CPDMS). Measurements of CPDMS and CT were then applied to determine (i) spatially resolved freely dissolved PCB concentrations; (ii) baseline toxicity potential based on chemical activities (a); (iii) site specific mixture compositions; (iv) diffusion gradients at the sediment water interface and within the sediment cores; and (vi) site specific distribution ratios (KD)...
October 13, 2017: Chemosphere
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