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Olive leaf extract

Lixing Wu, Yuyu Xu, Zhijian Yang, Qing Feng
Myocardial infarction triggers massive biochemical changes, even cardiac cell death. Endoplasmic reticulum stress is involved in the pathology of myocardial infarction-mediated apoptosis. In the present study, myocardial cell line H9c2 cells were treated with cobalt chloride (CoCl2 ) to induce hypoxia. Isoproterenol was used for two successive days to induce myocardial infarction in SD rats. The cardioprotective effect of olive leaf extract (OLE) and its main constituent hydroxytyrosol and the underlying mechanisms were evaluated...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
Graziana Difonzo, Antonella Pasqualone, Roccangelo Silletti, Lucrezia Cosmai, Carmine Summo, Vito M Paradiso, Francesco Caponio
Olive leaves are a waste of the olive oil processing industry and represent a good source of phenolic compounds. The aim of this work was to assess the influence of olive leaf extract (OLE) on lipid oxidation of baked snacks, like breadsticks, made with wheat flour, extra virgin olive oil (EVO), white wine, and salt. Two EVOs having different peroxide value and antioxidant profile (total phenol content, tocopherols, carotenoids, and antioxidant activity) were considered. The snacks were subjected to oven test or stored in the usual conditions of retailer shelves...
June 2018: Food Research International
Esin Baba, Ümit Acar, Sevdan Yılmaz, Fahriye Zemheri, Sebahattin Ergün
The aim for the present study was to investigate the effects of olive leaf (Olea europea L.) extract (OLE) on the control of Yersinia ruckeri infection in rainbow (Oncorhynchus mykiss) trout and to assess the impact on the expression of immune-related genes in the spleen and serum biochemical parameters of rainbow trout. Five experimental diets were prepared by adding 0.0%, 0.1%, 0.25%, 0.50% and 1.0% of OLE. Each diet was fed to triplicate groups of fish (mean body weight 51.22 ± 3.04 g) twice a day (at 09:00 and 17:00 h) for 60 days...
May 4, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Jikun Xu, Huijie Hou, Jingping Hu, Bingchuan Liu
Microwave-induced technique was combined with response surface methodology for optimizing the isolation of polysaccharides from Eucommia ulmoides Oliver leaf. The maximum polysaccharides yield of 12.31% was achieved by microwave extraction at 74 °C for 15 min with a solid to liquid ratio of 1:29 g/mL, which agreed with the predicted value and was 2.9-fold higher than that of the conventional heat-reflux extraction method. The dominant bioactive constituent in extracts was chlorogenic acid (1.3-1.9%), followed by geniposidic acid (1...
April 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
Rawya Soussi, Najla Hfaiedh, Fatma Guesmi, Mohsen Sakly, Khémais Ben Rhouma
Historically, olive tree "Olea europaea" is one of the most important fruit trees in Mediterranean countries. Several studies suggest that olive leaf is a significant source of bioactive phenolic compounds compared to olive oil and fruits. This study was undertaken to investigate, the protective effect of the aqueous extract of « Chemlali » olive leaves against diclofenac-induced damages in liver and haematological alterations in swiss albinos mice. For this, twenty-eight mice were divided into four groups: a control group, a diclofenac-treated group (2...
April 20, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Maruyama Takuma, Kamihama Haruka, Watanabe Mutsuto, Matsuo Toshiki, Matsuda Kenshiro, Tanaka Akane, Matsuda Hiroshi, Nomura Yoshihiro
The chondroprotective effect of olive leaf extract (OLE) on knee osteoarthritis (OA) was studied with STR/ort mice (n = 5). OLE was administrated with a dosage of 100 mg/kg for 8 weeks and the OA severity score of hind limb knee joints was then measured. The Mankin scores of the knee joints of the non-OA control group, OA control group and OLE-treated group were 3.50, 11.13 and 7.20, respectively. This suggests that oral OLE supplements help prevent cartilage degeneration in STR/ort mice. In vitro, the synthesis of high molecular weight hyaluronan in synovial cells (HIG-82) was increased by OLE stimulation...
March 27, 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Ricardo Malheiro, Susana Casal, Nuno Rodrigues, Catherine M G C Renard, José Alberto Pereira
This study focused on the volatile changes in cv. Verdeal Transmontana throughout the entire olive oil processing chain, from the drupe to olive oil storage up to 12 months, while correlating it with quality parameters and sensory quality. During crushing and malaxation, the volatiles formed were mainly "green-leaf volatiles" (GLVs), namely (E)-2-hexenal, hexanal, and 1-hexanol. Centrifugation and clarification steps increased the total volatile amounts to 130 mg kg-1 . However, clarification also increased nonanal and (E)-2-decenal contents, two markers of oxidation, with a noticeable loss of phenolic compounds and oxidative stability...
April 2018: Food Research International
Huawei Liu, Ke Li, Jinshan Zhao, Wen Deng
To investigate the effects of polyphenolic extract from Eucommia ulmoides Oliver leaf (PEEU) on growth performance, digestibility, rumen fermentation and antioxidant status of fattening lambs, 30 weaned male Huzhou lambs were equally divided into three treatments and fed the basal diet supplemented with 0 (CON), 5 (PEEU5) or 10 (PEEU10) g/kg PEEU. Dietary PEEU supplementation did not affect growth performance and apparent digestibility of nutrients. Compared with the CON group, lambs in the PEEU10 group had lower ammonia nitrogen concentration (p < ...
March 24, 2018: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Katlego Mmopele, Sandra Combrinck, Josias Hamman, Clarissa Willers, Weiyang Chen, Alvaro Viljoen
The African wild olive ( Olea europaea subsp. africana ) is traditionally used as a hypotensive agent. Herb-drug interactions may result from the concurrent use of herbal medicines and conventional prescription drugs. This aspect was investigated by determining the effect of the extract on the in vitro intestinal epithelial permeation of selected hypotensive drugs using the Caco-2 cell culture model. The phytochemical profiles of leaf extracts of African wild olive from different localities in South Africa were compared, since efficacy is determined by the chemical composition...
March 19, 2018: Planta Medica
F Kheirandish, N Mosaffa, M J Tarahi, Sh Fallahi
This study aimed to identify the effects of olive leaf extract (OLE) on IFNγ, TNFα, TGFβ and nitric oxide (NO) resulted from macrophages infected with Leishmania major (L. major) amastigotes in the culture medium. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to analyse the level of Oleuropein in plant extract. To evaluate the immunomodulatory effects of OLE, the isolated BALB/c mice peritoneal macrophages were infected with L. major promastigotes and treated with 6.25, 12.5 and 25 μg/mL concentrations of OLE...
April 2018: Parasite Immunology
Marta Anna Szychlinska, Paola Castrogiovanni, Francesca Maria Trovato, Houda Nsir, Mokhtar Zarrouk, Debora Lo Furno, Michelino Di Rosa, Rosa Imbesi, Giuseppe Musumeci
PURPOSE: Osteoarthitis (OA) leads to progressive loss of articular cartilage, pain and joint disability. An acute injury constitutes an important risk factor for early OA, determining an inflammatory process responsible of cartilage degeneration and muscle atrophy, due to the joint pain and immobility. The study aims to assess the effects of conjugation of physical activity and diet enriched by olive tree compounds [extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and olive leaf extract (OLE)], on the musculoskeletal system in OA rat model...
February 15, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Min Liu, Qiang Yong, Shiyuan Yu
Hydroxytyrosol (HT), a powerful antioxidant, clears free radicals and exhibits many biological activities. Because contents of HT are low in natural sources, bioconversion of oleuropein (OLE) to HT is of increasing interest. A biotechnological process was investigated to produce HT from OLE presented in olive leaf extract. Enzymatic hydrolysis using two cellulases with high β-glucosidase activity, Novozymes CTec2 and commercial cellulase KDN (Qingdao, People's Republic of China) was carried out at 50 °C for 12 H followed by raising the temperature to 90 °C for chemical hydrolysis...
February 10, 2018: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Yuyu Xu, Lixing Wu, Aochang Chen, Chaoqi Xu, Qing Feng
Many studies reported that air pollution particulate matter (PM) exposure was associated with myocardial infarction (MI). Acrolein representing the unsaturated aldehydes, the main component of PM, derives from the incomplete combustion of wood, plastic, fossil fuels and the main constitute of cigarette smoking. However, the effect of acrolein on MI remains not that clear. In the current study, the effect of acrolein-exacerbated MI was investigated. In vivo, male Sprague-Dawley rats received olive leaf extract (OLE) followed by acrolein, then isoprenaline (ISO) was received by subcutaneous injection to induce MI...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Mustafa Cittan, Ali Çelik
A simple method was validated for the analysis of 31 phenolic compounds using liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. Proposed method was successfully applied to the determination of phenolic compounds in an olive leaf extract and 24 compounds were analyzed quantitatively. Olive biophenols were extracted from olive leaves by using microwave-assisted extraction with acceptable recovery values between 78.1 and 108.7%. Good linearities were obtained with correlation coefficients over 0.9916 from calibration curves of the phenolic compounds...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Antonios Chrysargyris, Omiros Antoniou, Andreas Tzionis, Munoo Prasad, Nikolaos Tzortzakis
Peat-based growing media are not ecologically sustainable and peat extraction threatens sensitive peatland ecosystem. In this study, olive-stone waste (OSW) and paper waste (PW) were used in different ratios-as growing media-for ornamental crop production, as peat (P) substitutes. Marigold (Calendula officinalis L.), petunia (Petunia x hybrita L.) and matthiola (Matthiola incana L.) plants were grown in (1) P (100%), (2) P:OSW (90%:10%), (3) P:OSW (70%:30%), and (4) P:OSW:PW (60%:20%:20%). The physicochemical properties of these substrates and the effects on plant growth were determined...
January 18, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Hassan A Elgebaly, Nermeen M Mosa, Mariam Allach, Khaled F El-Massry, Ahmed H El-Ghorab, Amir M Al Hroob, Ayman M Mahmoud
Olive oil and leaf extract have several health benefits; however, their beneficial effect against fluoxetine-induced liver injury has not been investigated. The present study aimed to scrutinize the impact of fluoxetine on the liver of rats and to evaluate the protective effects of olive oil and leaf extract. Rats received fluoxetine orally at dose of 10 mg/kg body weight for 7 consecutive days. The fluoxetine-induced rats were concurrently treated with olive oil or leaf extract. At the end of the experiment, blood and liver samples were collected for analysis...
February 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Ismail Ishola, Charles Anunobi, Kayode Yemitan, Olasunmbo Afolayan, Tobi Durojaiye
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to evaluate the protective effect of ethanolic leaf extract of Moringa Oleifera (M. oleifera ) on testosterone-induced benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in male Sprague-Dawley rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: BPH was induced in rats by administration of testosterone propionate (3 mg/kg, s.c., in olive oil) for 4 weeks. M. oleifera (50, 100 or 200 mg/kg), celecoxib (20 mg/kg) or M. oleifera (50 mg/kg) + celecoxib (20 mg/kg) were orally administered daily 15 min before testosterone...
December 17, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Azadeh Hamedi, Seyed Mahmoud Moheimani, Amirhossein Sakhteman, Hamed Etemadfard, Mahmoodreza Moein
Hydrosol beverages in Persian nutrition culture and ethnomedicine are the side products of essential oil industry that are used as delicious drinks or safe remedies. To investigate indications and chemical composition of hydrosol beverages for hyperlipidemia and cardiovascular conditions, Fars province was selected as the field of study. Ethnomedical data were gathered by questionnaires. The constituents of hydrosols were extracted with liquid/liquid extraction and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
October 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
Olorunfemi R Molehin, Omotade I Oloyede, Kehinde A Idowu, Anne A Adeyanju, Ayorinde O Olowoyeye, Olusegun I Tubi, Olayemi E Komolafe, Aanuoluwapo S Gold
Currently, there is increasing attention towards flavonoids and phenolic compounds of plant origin because of their association with decrease in the incidence of cardiovascular diseases and different types of cancer. The present study investigates the protective effect of Clerodendrum volubile (C. volubile) methanolic extracts against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 )-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Control rats (group I) received olive oil (1 mL/kg, i.p.), group II received CCl4 in olive oil (1 ml/kg, i.p.) to induce hepatotoxicity, groups III, IV and V were pretreated with leaf extract of C...
December 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Amith Kumar, Reshma Kumarchandra, Rajalakshmi Rai, Ganesh Sanjeev
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity and antigenotoxic effect of hydroalcoholic leaf extract of Persea americana ( P. americana ) in albino Wistar rats against whole body X-ray irradiation. Rats were orally administered with (25, 50, 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg body weight) of P. americana leaf extract for five days. On the fifth day after last administration, animals were exposed to whole body X-rays of 8 Gy. Based on Kaplan Meier's survival analysis, 100 mg/kg body weight was selected as an optimum dose for radioprotection...
December 2017: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
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