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Olive leaf extract

Hiroki Yoshioka, Miki Tanaka, Hirohisa Fujii, Tsunemasa Nonogaki
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of a Sasa veitchii leaf extract (SE) on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepato- and nephrotoxicity. METHODS: Seven-week-old male ddy mice were orally administered SE or saline for seven days. Twenty-four hours after the last SE or saline administration, the mice were intraperitoneally injected with 3 g/kg CCl4 or olive oil. The mice from each group were euthanized and bled for plasma analysis 24 h after the CCl4/olive oil injection...
October 13, 2016: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Silvia Tejada, Samuel Pinya, Maria Del Mar Bibiloni, Josep A Tur, Antoni Pons, Antoni Sureda
The Mediterranean diet includes olive oil as its primary source of fat. This diet is frequently associated to longevity and a lower incidence of chronic diseases thanks to its biological activities and health effects. Apart from oleic acid, olive oil contains many bioactive components including polyphenols that have been reported to exert antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. Polyphenols may for the most part be responsible for the protective effects against cardiovascular diseases associated with olive oil...
October 5, 2016: Current Drug Targets
Marta Navarro, Francisco J Morales
The antiglycative activity of hydroxytyrosol (HT) and olive leaf extract (OLE) was investigated in wheat-flour biscuits. Quercetin (QE) and gallic acid (GA) were used as reference of antiglycative activity of phenolic compounds. HT, OLE, QE and GA were added in the range of 0.25-0.75% (w/w). Samples were compared against a control recipe baked at 180°C/20min. HT biscuit was able to inhibit efficiently the formation of hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and 3-deoxyglucosone (3-DG), as well as reduced the formation of overall free fluorescent AGEs and pentosidine...
February 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Emily R Koch, Permal Deo
BACKGROUND: Chronic hyperglycemia enhances the formation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) and reactive oxygen species (ROS), contributing to diabetic complications. Thus, controlling blood glucose levels, inhibiting the formation of AGEs and reducing ROS are key therapeutic targets in early stage type 2 diabetes. METHODS: The inhibitory effects of seven commercial liquid nutritional supplements against carbohydrate hydrolysing enzymes, α-amylase and α-glucosidase, was determined by dinitrosalicylic (DNS) reagent and p-nitrophenyl-α-D-glucopyranoside solution, respectively...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Sophie Friederike Ullrich, Nils J H Averesch, Leonardo Castellanos, Young Hae Choi, Andreas Rothauer, Oliver Kayser
Duboisia species, which belong to the family of Solanaceae, are commercially cultivated in large scale, as they are main source of the pharmaceutically-used active compound scopolamine. In this study, (1)H NMR-based metabolite profiling linking primary with secondary metabolism and additional quantification via HPCL-MS with special focus on the tropane alkaloids were applied to compare leaf and root extracts of three wild types and two hybrids of Duboisia myoporoides and D. leichhardtii at different developmental stages grown under controlled conditions in climate chambers and under agricultural field plantation...
November 2016: Phytochemistry
Anna Boss, Karen S Bishop, Gareth Marlow, Matthew P G Barnett, Lynnette R Ferguson
The traditional Mediterranean diet (MD) is associated with long life and lower prevalence of cardiovascular disease and cancers. The main components of this diet include high intake of fruit, vegetables, red wine, extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and fish, low intake of dairy and red meat. Olive oil has gained support as a key effector of health benefits and there is evidence that this relates to the polyphenol content. Olive leaf extract (OLE) contains a higher quantity and variety of polyphenols than those found in EVOO...
2016: Nutrients
Mustafa Cittan, Süleyman Koçak, Ali Çelik, Kenan Dost
A multi-walled carbon nanotube modified glassy carbon electrode was used to prepare an electrochemical sensing platform for the determination of oleuropein. Results showed that, the accumulation of oleuropein on the prepared electrode takes place with the adsorption process. Electrochemical behavior of oleuropein was studied by using cyclic voltammetry. Compared to the bare GCE, the oxidation peak current of oleuropein increased about 340 times at MWCNT/GCE. Voltammetric determination of oleuropein on the surface of prepared electrode was studied using square wave voltammetry where the oxidation peak current of oleuropein was measured as an analytical signal...
October 1, 2016: Talanta
Tuncer Şimşek, Uğur Altınışık, İsmail Erşan, Hasan Şahin, Betül Altınışık, Mesut Erbaş, Çiğdem Pala
BACKGROUND: Oleuropein is known to have anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. An important aim of anesthetic management in ocular surgery is to keep the intraocular pressure under control. Studies have researched a variety of prophylactic materials used to prevent increases in intraocular pressure. We aimed to research the effects of oleuropein on intraocular pressure (IOP) during general anaesthesia. METHODS: Fourteen New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into two groups of seven...
2016: SpringerPlus
Nataša Zorić, Nevenka Kopjar, Klara Kraljić, Nada Oršolić, Siniša Tomić, Ivan Kosalec
Olive leaf extract is characterized by a high content of polyphenols (oleuropein, hydroxytyrosol and their derivatives), which is associated with its therapeutic properties. The objective of the present research was to evaluate the antifungal activity of olive leaf extract against Candida albicans ATCC 10231 and C. dubliniensis CBS 7987 strains. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of the extract were determined by several in vitro assays. The extract showed a concentration depended effect on the viability of C...
September 1, 2016: Acta Pharmaceutica
P Shakeri, Z Durmic, J Vadhanabhuti, P E Vercoe
BACKGROUND: The industrial processing of olive generates a high quantity of by-products. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of products derived from olive trees, i.e. leaves, fruits or kernels as a sole substrate (part A), and crude extract from leaves combined with a substrate (part B) on rumen microbial fermentation in an in vitro batch fermentation system. In this study, total gas production, methane production, and concentrations of volatile fatty acids (VFA) and ammonia in ruminal fluid were measured...
July 4, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
M Moudache, M Colon, C Nerín, F Zaidi
The antioxidant activity of olive leaf (OL) and cake (OC) extracts with different solvents was evaluated. 70% of aqueous ethanol extract of OL was chosen as the most antioxidant extract based on antiradical activity (DPPH) (95.4±0.3%) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) (0.82±0.07g equivalent Trolox per g of solution) assays. This OL extract was incorporated in two multilayer materials consisting of (i) polyethylene/polyethylene (PE/PE) film and (ii) polyethylene/paper (PE/P). These multilayers were exposed to a gas stream enriched in free radicals to evaluate the scavenging capacity of both materials...
December 1, 2016: Food Chemistry
Rosa Palmeri, Julieta I Monteleone, Giovanni Spagna, Cristina Restuccia, Marco Raffaele, Luca Vanella, Giovanni Li Volti, Ignazio Barbagallo
Olive leaves contain a wide variety of phenolic compounds belonging to phenolic acids, phenolic alcohols, flavonoids, and secoiridoids, and include also many other pharmacological active compounds. They could play an important role in human diet and health because of their ability to lower blood pressure, increase coronary arteries blood flow and decrease the risk of cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of olive leaf extract (OLE) from Sicilian cultivar on adipogenic differentiation of human adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells and its impact on lipid metabolism...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Nikolaos Lemonakis, Vassilis Mougios, Maria Halabalaki, Alexios-Leandros Skaltsounis, Evangelos Gikas
A highly sensitive, rapid and specific ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography, coupled to negative electrospray ionization high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry, method was developed and validated in order to investigate the absorption of dietary oleuropein (OE) in human subjects. Serum samples were collected in predefined time points, after oral administration of an olive leaf extract enriched in OE (204.4 mg OE per capsule) to two subjects. Subsequently, samples were analyzed by the developed method after a simple solid-phase extraction step...
June 15, 2016: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
Andrea Čabarkapa, Lada Živković, Sunčica Borozan, Mirjana Zlatković-Švenda, Dragana Dekanski, Ivan Jančić, Marija Radak-Perović, Vladan Bajić, Biljana Spremo-Potparević
The effects of co-administration of dry olive leaf extract (DOLE) with standard methotrexate (MTX) therapy on the parameters of cell damage and inflammation in patients with early and long-term rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were evaluated at baseline, 3 and 6 weeks. Patients were assigned to groups: the early phase RA group on MTX monotherapy (E MTX), and the two RA groups that received co-treatment with DOLE and MTX: early (E MTX + DOLE) and long-term phase patients (L-t MTX+ DOLE). Baseline values indicated increased parameters of cell damage and disruption of redox balance in all groups...
June 7, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Vassiliki G Kontogianni, Maria E Tsoumani, Tahsin F Kellici, Thomas Mavromoustakos, Ioannis P Gerothanassis, Alexandros D Tselepis, Andreas G Tzakos
A thorough evaluation of the antiplatelet activity profile of hexane olive leaf extract in human platelets indicated a potent activity accomplished through a two axis inhibition of platelet activation triggered both by ADP and thrombin. To delineate the extract components responsible for this dual activity, an NMR based method was established to determine and quantify the triterpenoid content leading to the characterization of uvaol, erythrodiol, and oleanolic acid. The antiplatelet profile of the total extract and of the 3 determined triterpenoids was evaluated against in vitro platelet aggregation induced by several platelet agonists as also on PAC-1 binding and P-selectin membrane expression both in healthy volunteers and in platelets from patients with an acute coronary syndrome receiving dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and ticagrelor...
June 8, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Daniel Martín-Vertedor, María Garrido, José Antonio Pariente, Javier Espino, Jonathan Delgado-Adámez
Olive leaves are an important low-cost source of bioactive compounds. The present study aimed to examine the effect of in vitro digestibility of an olive leaf aqueous extract so as to prove the availability of its phenolic compounds as well as its antioxidant, antimicrobial, and anticancer activity after a simulated digestion process. The total phenolic content was significantly higher in the pure lyophilized extract. Phenolic compounds, however, decreased by 60% and 90% in simulated gastric fluid (SGF) and simulated intestinal fluid (SIF), respectively...
July 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Roumaissa Aidoud, Abdelkrim Kahoul, Farid Naamoune
The antiscale properties of the aqueous extract of olive (Olea europaea L.) leaves as a natural scale inhibitor for stainless steel surface in Hammam raw water were investigated using chronoamperometry (CA) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques in conjunction with a microscopic examination. The DRX analysis reveals that the scale deposited over the pipe walls consits of a pure CaCO3 calcite. The chronoamerometry, in accordance with electrochemical impedance spectra and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), shows that the inhibition efficiency increases with increasing extract concentration...
April 28, 2016: Environmental Technology
Olufunsho Awodele, Omoniyi Yemitan, Peter Uduak Ise, Victor Olabowale Ikumawoyi
INTRODUCTION: Carica papaya Linn is used in a traditional medicine for hepatobiliary disorders. This study investigated the hepatomodulatory effects of aqueous extracts of C. papaya leaf (CPL) and unripe fruit (CPF) at doses of 100 and 300 mg/kg on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) and acetaminophen (ACM)-induced liver toxicities in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were administered CCl4 (3 ml/kg in olive oil, i.p.) followed by oral administration of CPL and CPF at 2, 6 and 10 h intervals...
January 2016: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
Emine Colak, Mehmet Cengiz Ustuner, Neslihan Tekin, Ertugrul Colak, Dilek Burukoglu, Irfan Degirmenci, Hasan Veysi Gunes
Cynara scolymus is a pharmacologically important medicinal plant containing phenolic acids and flavonoids. Experimental studies indicate antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects of C. scolymus but there have been no studies about therapeutic effects of liver diseases yet. In the present study, hepatocurative effects of C. scolymus leaf extract on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced oxidative stress and hepatic injury in rats were investigated by serum hepatic enzyme levels, oxidative stress indicator (malondialdehyde-MDA), endogenous antioxidants, DNA fragmentation, p53, caspase 3 and histopathology...
2016: SpringerPlus
Jin-Shiung Cheng, Chiang-Ting Chou, Yuan-Yuarn Liu, Wei-Chih Sun, Pochuen Shieh, Daih-Huang Kuo, Chun-Chi Kuo, Chung-Ren Jan, Wei-Zhe Liang
Oleuropein, a phenolic compound found in the olive leaf (Olea europaea), has been shown to have biological activities in different models. However, the effects of oleuropein on Ca(2+) homeostasis, cytotoxicity, cell cycle distribution and ROS signaling in liver cells have not been analyzed. Oleuropein induced [Ca(2+)]i rises only in HepG2 cells but not in AML12, HA22T or HA59T cells due to the different status of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase expression. In HepG2 cells, this Ca(2+) signaling response was reduced by removing extracellular Ca(2+), and was inhibited by the store-operated Ca(2+) channel blockers 2-APB and SKF96365...
May 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
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