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Geriatric Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345311/relationships-among-sense-of-coherence-oral-health-status-nutritional-status-and-care-need-level-of-older-adults-according-to-path-analysis
#1
Nanae Dewake, Tomoko Hamasaki, Rie Sakai, Shima Yamada, Yuko Nima, Miki Tomoe, Satoko Kakuta, Masanori Iwasaki, Inho Soh, Yoshihiro Shimazaki, Toshihiro Ansai
AIM: Sense of coherence (SOC) is a measurement of ability of an individual to cope with psychological stress and remain in good health. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationships among SOC score, oral health status, nutritional status and care need level of older adults using path analysis. METHODS: We enrolled 53 older adults (17 men and 36 women) who were attending a day care service (mean age 80.4 ± 6.5 years). SOC was assessed using a 13-item, seven-scale instrument...
March 27, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289681/thanatophobia-death-anxiety-in-the-elderly-the-problem-of-the-child-s-inability-to-assess-their-own-parent-s-death-anxiety-state
#2
Gary Sinoff
Thanatophobia is omnipresent in our lives. Research has shown separate but connected constructs: fear of death or fear of the dying process. The influences on death anxiety are varied including religiosity, gender, psychological state, and age. It is often assumed by the children of the elderly that the fear of death is prevalent in their parents. Daily the medical staff encounters the presence of death anxiety: from family members or the staff itself. In order to understand this phenomenon, a three-tier study was conducted on non-terminal elderly inpatients in an acute geriatric care ward...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256594/empty-nest-related-psychological-distress-is-associated-with-progression-of-brain-white-matter-lesions-and-cognitive-impairment-in-the-elderly
#3
Dandan Duan, Yuanli Dong, Hua Zhang, Yingxin Zhao, Yutao Diao, Yi Cui, Juan Wang, Qiang Chai, Zhendong Liu
This study evaluated the association between empty-nest-related psychological distress and the progression of white matter lesions (WMLs) and cognitive impairment in 219 elderly subjects aged 60 years or over. Psychological distress was assessed using the University of California at Los Angeles Loneliness Scale (UCLA-LS) and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) Short-Form. Cognitive function was evaluated using the MMSE and MoCA. White matter hyperintensities (WMH) were assessed using magnetic resonance imaging...
March 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251765/factors-related-to-continuous-and-discontinuous-attendance-at-memory-clinics
#4
N Hishikawa, Y Fukui, Y Nakano, R Morihara, M Takemoto, K Sato, T Yamashita, Y Ohta, K Abe
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Few studies have examined why some patients with dementia stop attending medical consultations. We conducted a retrospective study to investigate factors associated with discontinuous clinic attendance. METHODS: Participants were 988 patients with dementia from university hospital (UH) clinics and affiliated local hospital (LH) clinics. We compared continuous and discontinuous attenders on cognitive and affective functions and activities of daily living (ADL), and also compared UH and LH patients (UH: continuous, n = 176; discontinuous, n = 207; LH: continuous, n = 418; discontinuous, n = 187)...
March 1, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244353/brocklehurst-s-textbook-of-geriatric-medicine-and-gerontology-fillit-howard-m-rockwood-kenneth-and-young-john-brocklehurst-s-textbook-of-geriatric-medicine-and-gerontology-1168pp-%C3%A2-164-69-elsevier-9780702061851-0702061859-formula-see-text
#5
(no author information available yet)
This, the eighth edition of a well-regarded textbook, has been revised to focus on frailty. Its contributors include several nurses and the book covers a wide range of topics, including biological, medical, psychological and social gerontology. It also covers all the main body systems, which means it should be useful to nurses across a range of specialties.
February 28, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241372/-differences-between-self-and-proxy-assessment-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
Philipp Heßmann, Maren Dreier, Iris Brandes, Richard Dodel, Erika Baum, Matthias J Müller, Monika Balzer-Geldsetzer
Objective The self-assessment of health-related quality of life (HrQoL) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment is commonly higher than the proxy-assessment by caregivers. This study aims at evaluating sociodemographic and clinical factors to explain this difference. Methods HrQoL of 241 community-dwelling patients was analysed using the dementia-specific Quality of Life-Alzheimer's Disease questionnaire (QoL-AD). Behavioural and psychological symptoms and functional capacity were evaluated using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) and the Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study-Activities of Daily Living scale (ADCS-ADL)...
February 27, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211026/social-networks-and-health-status-in-the-elderly-the-anziani-in-rete-population-based-study
#7
Luca Bianchetti, Flaminio Squazzoni, Niccolò Casnici, Devis Bianchini, Emirena Garrafa, Claudia Archetti, Valentina Romano, Luca Rozzini, Michele Melchiori, Chiara Fiorentini, Daniela Uberti, Stefano Calza, Alessandra Marengoni
BACKGROUND: Certain features of the social environment could maintain and even improve not only psychological well-being, but also health and cognition of the elderly. AIMS: We tested the association between social network characteristics and the number of chronic diseases in the elderly. METHODS: A randomized sample of the elderly population of Brescia, Italy, was evaluated (N = 200, age ≥65 years). We performed a comprehensive geriatric assessment, including information on socio-demographic variables (family, friendships, and acquaintance contacts)...
February 16, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210994/factors-related-to-the-quality-of-life-of-older-prisoners
#8
Stefaan De Smet, Liesbeth De Donder, Denis Ryan, Sofie Van Regenmortel, Dorien Brosens, Stijn Vandevelde
PURPOSES: There is evidence of an increasing emphasis on the relevance of the quality of life-paradigm as an outcome measure for clients in geriatric, forensic, as well as correctional care. This paper aims to explore to what extent variables that were categorized according to the main areas of the Good Lives Model ('the self', 'the body' and 'social life') are related to the quality of life domains of older imprisoned offenders. METHODS: Data were collected by means of a structured questionnaire administered in individual interviews with 93 older prisoners aged 60 years and over in 16 prisons of the Dutch-speaking region in Belgium...
February 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181205/alcohol-and-other-drug-use-in-older-adults-results-from-a-community-needs-assessment
#9
Emily Loscalzo, Robert C Sterling, Stephen P Weinstein, Brooke Salzman
BACKGROUND: With the "Baby Boomer" generation reaching older adulthood, substance abuse treatment providers find themselves needing to address the unique needs of this population. Heavy drinking in adults ages 65 and over is strongly correlated with depression, anxiety, decreased social support, and poor health. However, while alcohol misuse has been shown to be predictive of a lower quality of life in older adults, the generalizability of these findings to urban dwelling, lower socioeconomic status individuals remains unclear...
February 8, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176431/comparison-between-clinical-gait-and-daily-life-gait-assessments-of-fall-risk-in-older-people
#10
Matthew A Brodie, Milou J Coppens, Andreas Ejupi, Yves J Gschwind, Janneke Annegarn, Daniel Schoene, Rainer Wieching, Stephen R Lord, Kim Delbaere
AIM: Falls are a leading cause of disability in older people. Here we investigate if daily-life gait assessments are better than clinical gait assessments at discriminating between older people with and without a history of falls. METHODS: A total of 96 independent-living participants (age 75.5 ± 7.8) underwent sensorimotor, psychological and cognitive assessments, and the Timed Up and Go and 10-m walk tests. Participants wore a small pendant sensor device for a week in their home environment, from which the new remote assessments of daily-life gait were determined...
February 8, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167476/research-on-the-influence-factors-of-the-fall-efficiency-of-the-hospitalized-geriatric-patients-with-cerebrovascular-diseases
#11
Weili Li, Ruilian Cheng
To investigate the fall efficiency and its influence factors of the hospitalized geriatric patients with cerebrovascular diseases. The Modified Fall Efficacy Scale (MFES), Morse Fall Risk Assessment Scales (MFS), Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and Tinetti Gait Analysis (TGA) were adopted and the combined ways of questionnaires and observation were utilized to investigate the 113 hospitalized geriatric patients with cerebrovascular diseases. The fall efficiency of the geriatric patients with cerebrovascular diseases were 7...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164113/nonpharmacological-interventions-targeted-at-delirium-risk-factors-delivered-by-trained-volunteers-medical-and-psychology-students-reduced-need-for-antipsychotic-medications-and-the-length-of-hospital-stay-in-aged-patients-admitted-to-an-acute-internal-medicine
#12
Stanislaw Gorski, Karolina Piotrowicz, Krzysztof Rewiuk, Monika Halicka, Weronika Kalwak, Paulina Rybak, Tomasz Grodzicki
Purpose. Effectiveness of nonpharmacological multicomponent prevention delivered by trained volunteers (medical and psychology students), targeted at delirium risk factors in geriatric inpatients, was assessed at an internal medicine ward in Poland. Patients and Methods. Participants were recruited to intervention and control groups at the internal medicine ward (inclusion criteria: age ≥ 75, acute medical condition, basic orientation, and logical contact on admission; exclusion criteria: life expectancy < 24 hours, surgical hospitalization, isolation due to infectious disease, and discharge to other medical wards)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130822/the-role-of-social-relationships-among-elderly-community-dwelling-and-nursing-home-residents-findings-from-a-quality-of-life-study
#13
Paolo Scocco, Mario Nassuato
AIM: In Western countries, older adults' needs are often managed through institutionalization. Based on the assumption that quality of life, particularly social relationships, may be perceived differently according to residential setting, the aims of this study were to compare World Health Organization Quality of Life brief version (WHOQOL-BREF) scores of elderly community-dwelling residents and nursing home residents. METHODS: A sample of 207 older adults (135 community-dwelling residents, 72 nursing home residents) was evaluated with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), WHOQOL-BREF, and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS)...
January 28, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129082/come-join-lead-attracting-students-to-careers-in-aging-and-promoting-involvement-in-gerontological-societies
#14
Jennifer Moye, Victor A Molinari, Michele J Karel, Aanand D Naik, Erin Sakai, Brian D Carpenter
Geriatric educators face the challenge of attracting more clinicians, scientists, and educators into geriatrics and gerontology, and promoting involvement in gerontological societies. A survey of psychologists (N = 100) examined factors that attract students in clinical/counseling psychology to practice with older adults, as well as experiences in organizational service. For 58%, interest in aging began at the undergraduate level, but for others interest developed later. About half cited academic exposure such as mentorship (51%), research (47%), or coursework (45%) as sparking interest, along with family (68%) or work experience (61%)...
January 27, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110464/alexithymia-in-people-with-subjective-cognitive-decline-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-mild-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
Mehmet Yuruyen, Fundan Engin Akcan, Gizem Cetiner Batun, Gozde Gultekin, Mesut Toprak, Hakan Yavuzer, Murat Emul
BACKGROUND: Behavioral and psychological symptoms are widely accepted as accelerator factors in progression to dementia. Although alexithymia is closely related to normal aging process and poor neurocognitive performance, alexithymia has not been included in these symptoms yet. AIMS: Here, we aimed to investigate alexithymia features in people with prominent clinical memory complaints. METHODS: The participants (n = 82) were classified into three groups as: subjective cognitive decline (n = 30), mild cognitive impairment (n = 27), and mild Alzheimer's disease (n = 25) after Mini-Mental State Examination, Clinical Dementia Rating Scale, neuropsychological test battery, Geriatric Depression Scale, and Hachinski Ischemic Scale...
January 21, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089334/masticatory-function-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in%C3%A2-patients-after-partial-maxillectomies-with-closed-or%C3%A2-open%C3%A2-defects
#16
Mohamed M Said, Takafumi Otomaru, Yesiboli Yeerken, Hisashi Taniguchi
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The healing pattern after surgical resection of tumors of the oral cavity involving the maxilla may vary from one patient to another. The result may be open communication between the oral and nasal cavities (open defect) or complete oronasal separation after healing of the defect area (closed defect). PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical study was to compare masticatory function and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) between patients with closed and open defects who had undergone a partial maxillectomy and were wearing dentomaxillary prostheses...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087218/relationship-among-motor-function-adl-disability-and-psychological-concerns-in-elderly-people-with-locomotive-disorders
#17
Toshiyuki Miyawaki, Keigo Kumamoto, Kaori Shimoda, Fusae Tozato, Tsutomu Iwaya
BACKGROUND: Locomotive disorders are one of the main causative pathologies for the condition requiring assistance on activities of daily living (ADL). Although psychological concerns such as feeling of depression and anxiety are prevalent in elderly people, the causal relation among motor function, ADL disability, and psychological concerns is controversial. PURPOSE: Purpose of this study was to investigate causal relationship among motor function, ADL disability, and psychological concerns in elderly people with locomotive disorders...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068134/psychologists-in-patient-centered-medical-homes-pcmhs-roles-evidence-opportunities-and-challenges
#18
Anne E Kazak, Justin M Nash, Kimberly Hiroto, Nadine J Kaslow
The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) is an increasingly common model of health care delivery with many exciting opportunities for psychologists. The PCMH reflects a philosophy and model of care that is highly consistent with psychological science and practice. It strives to provide patient-centered, comprehensive, team-based, coordinated, accessible, and quality and safety-oriented health care delivery to individuals and families. Moreoever, in keeping with changes in the health care system more broadly, the PCMH model prioritizes the integration of behavioral and physical health care, and this emphasis lays the foundation for active and full engagement of psychologists in this context...
January 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060449/therapeutic-effects-of-drug-switching-between-acetylcholinesterase-inhibitors-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#19
Yasuyuki Ohta, Mohamed Darwish, Nozomi Hishikawa, Toru Yamashita, Kota Sato, Mami Takemoto, Koji Abe
AIM: To evaluate the therapeutic effects of switching from one acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (ChEI), donepezil, galantamine or rivastigmine, to another in Alzheimer's disease patients. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 171 Alzheimer's disease patients, whose ChEI medication was changed. The patients were evaluated on three major aspects of dementia - cognitive, affective and activities of daily living (ADL) measures - at 6 months (M) before the drug switch, at the time of drug switch (baseline), and at 3 M and 6 M after the drug switch...
January 6, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038782/-functional-decline-and-presence-of-symptoms-in-palliative-care-cause-or-consequence
#20
Alfredo Zamora-Mur, María Nabal-Vicuña, Aranzazu Zamora-Catevilla, Rafael García-Foncillas, Verónica Calderero-Aragón, Óscar Aubí-Catevilla, Fernando Lostalé-Latorre
INTRODUCTION: Several publications have related functional decline to the appearance of symptoms, especially psychiatric or psychological ones, such as anxiety and depression. Moreover, an initial depressive disorder or prior to functional decline usually worsens it. It was decided to investigate the relationship between the presence of functional decline, measured by a decrease in the Barthel index (BI), and the presence of symptoms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective analytical study conducted on patients referred to a Home Care Support Team (HCST)...
December 27, 2016: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
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