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Geriatric Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615007/rhythm-centred-music-making-in-community-living-elderly-a-randomized-pilot-study
#1
Angela Frances Yap, Yu Heng Kwan, Chuen Seng Tan, Syed Ibrahim, Seng Bin Ang
BACKGROUND: Quality of life has become an important aspect in the measurement of the health of an individual as the population ages. Rhythm-centred music making (RMM) has been shown to improve physical, psychological and social health. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of RMM on quality of life, depressive mood, sleep quality and social isolation in the elderly. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial with cross over was conducted. 54 participants were recruited with 27 participants in each arm...
June 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610755/epistemological-erasure-the-subject-of-abuse-in-the-problematization-of-elder-abuse
#2
Bridget Garnham, Lia Bryant
The academic field of literature pertaining to elder abuse emerges largely from gerontology with contributions from a variety of disciplines including geriatric medicine, nursing, public health, law, psychology, sociology and social work. This paper presents a critical review of articles drawn from this literature to identify current directions leading the development of empirical research in this field. The objective measurement of prevalence, the identification and correlation of psycho-social risk factors and practice-based research oriented to intervention and prevention are identified as privileged sites for scientific investigation...
April 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607235/meeting-the-current-and-future-health-care-needs-of-sri-lanka-s-ageing-population
#3
Dilhar Samaraweera, Shiromi Maduwage
Sri Lanka is one of the fastest-ageing countries in the world. This rapid demographic transition is expected to result in one quarter of the population being elderly by the year 2041. Profound challenges face the country as a result, especially with respect to planning adequate elderly-oriented services in the social-care and health-care sectors. In response to this need, many initiatives have been put in place to promote and protect the welfare of older people, and these rights have been inscribed in law. Within the health sector, despite the wealth of policies and initiatives in recent years, it is clear that the existing health infrastructure and systems still require strengthening, reorientation and coordination, to meet the needs of the growing population of elderly individuals...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600609/-gerontologically-oriented-study-programs-in-germany-critical-review
#4
REVIEW
Eva-Marie Kessler, Andreas Hoff, Annette Franke
The objective of this article is a state-of-the-art analysis and critical reflection of the status quo of gerontologically oriented study programs in higher education in Germany. The major impulse for writing this article was provided by the newly established working group "Gerontological Education", which was inaugurated at the joint annual conference of sections III and IV of the German Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics in Mannheim in 2015. A systematic review of gerontological study programs shows that the number of such programs has increased in Germany over the past decade...
June 9, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580557/-localization-establishment-of-an-interdisciplinary-intervention-model-to-prevent-post-operative-delirium-in-older-patients-based-on-hospital-elder-life-program
#5
Yan-Yan Wang, Yu-Lin Liao, Lang-Li Gao, Xiu-Ying Hu, Ji-Rong Yue
BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium is a significant complication in elderly patients. The occurrence of delirium may increase the related physical and psychological risks, delay the length of hospital stays, and even lead to death. According to the current evidence-based model, the application of interdisciplinary intervention may effectively prevent delirium, shorten the length of hospital stays, and save costs. PURPOSE: To establish a culturally appropriate interdisciplinary intervention model for preventing postoperative delirium in older Chinese patients...
June 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533731/effect-of-loss-of-teeth-and-its-association-with-general-quality-of-life-using-geriatric-oral-health-assessment-index-gohai-among-older-individuals-residing-in-rural-areas
#6
Vinaya Kundapur, Rakshith Hegde, Manoj Shetty, Sunil Mankar, Mohammed Hilal, Hari Prasad A
The development of measures for assessing oral health status is essential to the evolution and maturation of a scientific knowledge based in geriatric dentistry. Their development as branches of clinical care depends in part as ability to demonstrate an effective grasp of the problems of elderly and their solutions. Any strategy for altering the health status of elderly requires a technology for first assessing that health status and then detecting increments of progress. Development of geriatric oral health assessment index (GOHAI) is a self reported measure designed to assess the oral health problems of older individuals...
March 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492755/association-between-root-caries-and-depressive-symptoms-among-elders-in-carlos-barbosa-rs-brazil
#7
Otávio Pereira D'Avila, Eliana Wendland, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert, Dalva Maria Pereira Padilha, Fernando Neves Hugo
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between depressive symptoms and root caries among independent-living older persons. All community-dwelling older adults (not hospitalized and not bedridden) living in Carlos Barbosa, RS, Brazil, were invited to participate, and 785 completed the study protocol (standardized questionnaire assessing socio-demographic information and health behavior, Geriatric Depression Scale [GDS] - brief version, and oral examination [DMFT-Root index, Visible Plaque Index and stimulated salivary flow])...
January 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452673/improving-mental-health-in-the-community-outcome-evaluation-of-a-geriatric-mental-health-day-treatment-service
#8
Christine A Knight, Richard M Alarie
OBJECTIVES: This program evaluation reviewed the outcomes of a new 10-week multi-modal mental health day treatment program for elderly clients with mood and anxiety disorders. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of clients admitted during the first 3 years of the program (N = 255) was conducted. Paired sample t-tests were used to compare admission and discharge data. Focus groups were run with clients who attended the program during the previous months, to delineate the strengths of the program and to identify areas for improvement...
March 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452650/the-promotion-of-well-being-in-aging-individuals-living-in-nursing-homes-a-controlled-pilot-intervention-with-narrative-strategies
#9
Giulia Cesetti, Francesca Vescovelli, Chiara Ruini
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed: (1) to compare levels of well-being and distress in older adults living in nursing homes with those living in community; and (2) to test the feasibility of a positive narrative intervention for improving well-being versus a control art-and-craft intervention in a nursing home setting. METHODS: Sixty older adults participated in the study (M = 77.37; SD = 5.00), Male = 20 (33.3%). In Study 1, 30 adults living in nursing homes were compared with 30 community-dwellers using the following measures: Satisfaction with Life Scale, Psychological Well-being Scale, Social Well-being Scale, Geriatric Depression Scale, and sleep quality...
February 8, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441324/designing-fit-for-purpose-health-and-social-services-for-ageing-populations
#10
Jean Woo
Population ageing is occurring in all countries, regardless of the level of economic development. While the rising burden of chronic diseases and disabilities as a consequence of this demographic transition is well recognized, the increasing prevalence of geriatric syndromes as a public health issue is not as well recognized. Recently the World Health Organization's World Health and Ageing Report emphasized functional ability as an important outcome for aging populations, highlighting the concept of raising intrinsic capacity throughout the life course...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436192/predictors-of-non-pharmacological-intervention-effect-on-cognitive-function-and-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-older-people-with-dementia
#11
Ting-Jung Hsu, Hui-Te Tsai, An-Chun Hwang, Liang-Yu Chen, Liang-Kung Chen
AIM: Our previous work showed that non-pharmacological interventions could effectively reduce the severity of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), while the factors influencing the effect of intervention were less explored. Therefore, the main purpose of the present study was to investigate the predictors of the non-pharmacological intervention effect for old veterans with dementia and BPSD. METHODS: A total of 141 old veterans with dementia living in two veterans' homes in northern Taiwan were recruited...
April 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430370/extremely-low-frequency-electromagnetic-field-elf-emf-reduces-oxidative-stress-and-improves-functional-and-psychological-status-in-ischemic-stroke-patients
#12
Natalia Cichoń, Michał Bijak, Elżbieta Miller, Joanna Saluk
As a result of ischaemia/reperfusion, massive generation of reactive oxygen species occurs, followed by decreased activity of antioxidant enzymes. Extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) can modulate oxidative stress, but there are no clinical antioxidant studies in brain stroke patients. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of ELF-EMF on clinical and antioxidant status in post-stroke patients. Fifty-seven patients were divided into two groups: ELF-EMF and non-ELF-EMF. Both groups underwent the same 4-week rehabilitation program...
July 2017: Bioelectromagnetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418685/does-a-physical-activity-program-in-the-nursing-home-impact-on-depressive-symptoms-a-generalized-linear-mixed-model-approach
#13
Mona Diegelmann, Carl-Philipp Jansen, Hans-Werner Wahl, Oliver K Schilling, Eva-Luisa Schnabel, Klaus Hauer
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity (PA) may counteract depressive symptoms in nursing home (NH) residents considering biological, psychological, and person-environment transactional pathways. Empirical results, however, have remained inconsistent. Addressing potential shortcomings of previous research, we examined the effect of a whole-ecology PA intervention program on NH residents' depressive symptoms using generalized linear mixed-models (GLMMs). METHOD: We used longitudinal data from residents of two German NHs who were included without any pre-selection regarding physical and mental functioning (n = 163, Mage = 83...
April 18, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413011/-nurse-coordinator-and-doctor-coordinator-in-a-gerontology-network
#14
Anne-Laure Couderc, Corinne Gérard, Stéphane Fabriès, Jean-Claude Pical, Patrick Villani
The Marseille gerontology network consists of a geriatric team providing support in patients' homes across the Marseille urban area. It forms an integral part of the geriatric care sector ensuring that elderly people living at home benefit from a global medical-psychological-social assessment. The aim is to enable elderly people to continue living and receiving care in their home.
March 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402074/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-depression-in-the-empty-nest-elderly-from-the-sichuan-longmenshan-fault-earthquake
#15
Jiuping Xu, Yang Sun, Ziqi Wang
AIM: There have been few recent studies that have systematically investigated the risk factors for psychological illnesses caused by earthquakes in the empty nest elderly. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors for depression in this special group in the hardest hit areas of the 2008 Sichuan Longmenshan fault Earthquake. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 10 severely damaged counties from Oct 2015 to Jan 2016 on 1,783 empty nesters, all of whom completed the Geriatric Depression Scale and the Social Support Rating Scale...
April 12, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390442/a-first-step-toward-integrating-schema-theory-in-geriatric-psychiatry-a-delphi-study
#16
M J H Legra, F R J Verhey, S P J van Alphen
BACKGROUND: Schematherapy (ST) is an effective therapy for personality disorders (PD's) in adults, however, empirical research into ST in older adults is limited. The manifestation of schemas over the life course is unclear. Besides, long-term patterns of schemas in old age and whether schemas change during the aging process remain unknown. METHODS: We performed a Delphi study involving a group meeting of nine experts in the field of ST in older adults. RESULTS: Full consensus was achieved that schemas vary later in life, and that this is due to biopsychosocial factors...
April 9, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387803/from-one-syndrome-to-many-incorporating-geriatric-consultation-into-hiv-care
#17
Harjot K Singh, Tessa Del Carmen, Ryann Freeman, Marshall J Glesby, Siegler Eugenia L
Antiretroviral therapy has enabled people to live long lives with HIV. As a result, most HIV-infected adults in the US are over 50. In light of this changing epidemiology, HIV providers must recognize and manage multiple comorbidities and aging-related syndromes. Geriatric principles can help meet this new challenge, as preservation of function and optimization of social and psychological health are relevant to the care of aging HIV-infected adults, even those who are not yet old. Nonetheless, the field is still in its infancy...
April 6, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387208/validation-of-an-instrument-to-assess-the-mental-capacity-to-sign-an-enduring-power-of-attorney
#18
R Sf Ko, V Wc Lui, K C Lai, C Cy Chiu, L Cw Lam
OBJECTIVE: To describe the validation of an instrument to assess the mental capacity of an individual to sign an enduring power of attorney. METHODS: An instrument named Capacity Assessment to Sign an Enduring Power of Attorney (CASEPA) was developed following a literature review, focus group discussions, expert reviews, and pilot testing. Chinese persons aged ≥ 60 years who had a range of cognitive abilities were recruited from elderly care centres in Hong Kong to explore its psychometric properties...
March 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384145/prevalence-of-enduring-power-of-attorney-and-barriers-towards-it-in-community-geriatric-population-in-counties-manukau-health
#19
So-Jung Park, Heather Astell
AIM: Enduring power of attorney (EPA) is a simple and easy-to-set-up legal document which protects the wishes of the donor, as well as preventing significant psychological and social cost for the patient and their family when long-term residential care needs to be arranged due to the patient's increasing care requirements. It also reduces the significant cost in hospital beds days for the district health board involved while awaiting the Protection of Personal and Property Rights order...
April 7, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379646/the-occurrence-and-persistence-of-thoughts-of-suicide-self-harm-and-death-in-family-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-a-longitudinal-data-analysis-over-2%C3%A2-years
#20
Karlijn J Joling, Siobhan T O'Dwyer, Cees M P M Hertogh, Hein P J van Hout
OBJECTIVE: Family caregivers of people with dementia often report high levels of stress and depression, but little is known about those who contemplate suicide or self-harm. This study explores thoughts of suicide, self-harm and death in dementia caregivers and investigates the characteristics that distinguish them from those without such thoughts. METHODS: Data were collected every 3 months, for 24 months, from 192 family caregivers of people with dementia living in the Netherlands...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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