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Geriatric Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143437/profiles-of-needs-satisfaction-and-thwarting-in-older-people-living-at-home-relationships-with-well-being-and-ill-being-indicators
#1
Charlotte Vanhove-Meriaux, Guillaume Martinent, Claude Ferrand
AIM: To examine the profiles of basic psychological needs satisfaction (BPNS) and thwarting (BPNT) in older people living at home, their relationship with well-being and ill-being indicators, and how BPNS and BPNT needs were related to these indicators using regression analyses. METHODS: Participants (n = 182; mean age 73.33 years; SD 7.07 years) completed the measures of BPNS, BPNT, purpose in life, personal growth, subjective vitality, self-esteem, positive and negative affective states, and depressive feelings...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143433/psychological-correlates-of-fear-of-falling-findings-from-the-german-aging-survey
#2
André Hajek, Jens-Oliver Bock, Hans-Helmut König
AIM: The aim of the present study was to identify general psychological factors related to fear of falling. METHODS: Data drawn from national probability sampling of the German population aged ≥40 years were used (German Aging Survey; n = 7779). The fear of falling and the psychological factors of loneliness, life satisfaction, positive affect, negative affect, optimism, self-efficacy, self-esteem, self-regulation and perceived stress were collected in self-administered questionnaires...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143427/effectiveness-of-educational-program-using-printed-educational-material-on-care-burden-distress-among-staff-of-residential-aged-care-facilities-without-medical-specialists-and-or-registered-nurses-cluster-quasi-randomization-study
#3
Koji Fukuda, Seishi Terada, Mamoru Hashimoto, Katsuyuki Ukai, Ryo Kumagai, Mizue Suzuki, Masahiro Nagaya, Mika Yoshida, Hideyuki Hattori, Kenta Murotani, Kenji Toba
AIM: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are an important source of distress for caregivers. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of educational intervention using printed educational material for reducing distress induced by behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia among caregivers working at facilities without medical specialists and/or registered nurses. METHODS: A cluster quasi-randomized, controlled comparative trial was carried out at 17 facilities in Japan...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125326/young-schema-questionnaire%C3%A2-%C3%A2-short-form-version-3-ysq-s3-preliminary-validation-in-older-adults
#4
Katelyn Phillips, Robert Brockman, Phoebe E Bailey, Ian I Kneebone
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to establish the reliability and validity of one of the most used schema questionnaires, Young Schema Questionnaire Short Form Version 3 (YSQ-S3) in older adults. METHOD: 104 participants aged 60-84 years were recruited. They were administered a battery of questionnaires, including the YSQ-S3, Young-Atkinson Mode Inventory (YAMI), Germans (Personality) Screener, the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), The Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) and the Basic Psychological Needs Scale (BPNS)...
November 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105507/-factors-affecting-services-offered-to-older-adults-with-psychological-morbidity-an-exploration-of-health-professional-attitudes
#5
Jennifer White, Kath Greer, Grant Russell, Aislinn Lalor, Rene Stolwyk, Cylie Williams, Ted Brown, Terrence Haines
AIM: Poor collaboration between the multiple services involved in hospital discharge planning may contribute to suboptimal patient outcomes post discharge. This study aimed to explore clinician (medical, allied health and nursing) attitudes towards the management of the older patient with psychological morbidity during and following hospitalization. METHODS: Focus groups were held with 54 health professionals comprising of 7 from acute, 20 from subacute (geriatric assessment and rehabilitation), and 27 from community care settings...
November 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099474/nurses-perceptions-of-psychosocial-care-and-barriers-to-its-provision-a-qualitative-study
#6
Cassandra Siyun Chen, Sally Wai-Chi Chan, Moon Fai Chan, Suk Foon Yap, Wenru Wang, Yanika Kowitlawakul
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial care is the culturally sensitive provision of psychological, social, and spiritual care through therapeutic communication. Current evidence suggests that effective psychosocial care improves patients' health outcomes and quality of life. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore nurses' perceptions and experiences in providing psychosocial care to patients and to identify the related barriers and challenges. METHODS: An exploratory qualitative design using semistructured, individual, face-to-face interviews was adopted...
December 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090032/the-psychological-abuse-of-the-elderly-a-silent-factor-of-cardiac-decompensation
#7
Adina Carmen Ilie, Anca Iuliana Pîslaru, Ioana Dana Alexa, Adriana Pancu, Ovidiu Gavrilovici, Aliona Dronic
Abuse of the elderly is a major issue debated worldwide. The most commonly identified form of abuse is the physical abuse. It is also the most frequently studied in the medical literature. However, at least six types of elder abuse are identified, and physical abuse is found in a small proportion of the cases. The consequences of abuse are frequent and, by prolonging hospitalizations, they will be associated with high costs of medical services, and patient's lack of self-confidence which, in time, may lead to social isolation, somatization, anxiety, depression, and suicide attempts...
June 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066229/depression-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-elderly-current-understanding
#8
REVIEW
Yaxin Zhang, Yujing Chen, Lina Ma
Geriatric depression is a major public health problem and has an especially large effect on health when comorbid with a chronic medical condition. Hypertension, coronary heart disease, and diabetes are accompanied by a high incidence of depression and can affect the treatment and prognosis. Depression is a highly prevalent risk factor for incident of and is associated with morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease. In addition to the proactive and effective control of primary diseases, efforts should also be made to improve patients' psychological and social function...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063803/evaluation-of-chronic-stress-indicators-in-geriatric-and-oncologic-caregivers-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Sira Aguiló, Esther García, Adriana Arza, Jorge M Garzón-Rey, Jordi Aguiló
Caregiving induces chronic stress with physical and psychological impact on informal caregivers health. Therefore, subjective and objective indicators are needed for the early diagnosis of pathologic stress to prevent the risk of developing stress-related diseases in caregivers. Our aim was to assess the self-perceived stress, that is, how and how much the stressor affects the individual, through endocrine, metabolic, and immunologic biomarkers levels in geriatric and oncologic informal caregivers. Informal caregivers and non-caregivers were invited to participate in a cross-sectional study at the Clinic Hospital of Barcelona...
October 24, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059735/re-psychological-stress-in-geriatric-patients-with-genito-urinary-cancers
#10
Tomas L Griebling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038950/firing-a-loaded-gun-during-sleep-in-an-elderly-man-with-a-perfect-storm-of-risk-factors-including-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#11
Francesca Ingravallo, Carlos H Schenck, Ernesto D'Aloja, Monica Puligheddu
PURPOSE: We report a case of firing a loaded gun during sleep in a geriatric patient with undiagnosed major sleep disorders and multiple risk factors for sleep violence. Polysomnographic findings, diagnostic challenges, and forensic implications in this unprecedented geriatric case are discussed. METHODS: A 75-year-old employed man, married for 32 years, presented to a sleep center reporting to having fired a shot in his bedroom during sleep while his wife was away, without memory of hearing the gunshot...
October 16, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036823/prevalence-and-correlates-of-behavioral-disorders-in-old-age-subjects-with-cognitive-impairment-results-from-the-regal-project
#12
Virginia Boccardi, Manuela Conestabile Della Staffa, Marta Baroni, Sara Ercolani, Michele Francesco Croce, Carmelinda Ruggiero, Patrizia Mecocci
BACKGROUND: Presence of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) is very common in subjects with cognitive impairment, representing an important determinant of disease progression, institutionalization, and worse prognosis. Knowledge of the prevalence and correlates of BPSD in community-living old subjects with cognitive impairment is limited so far, but it is essential for establishing specifically tailored care and cure in such a vulnerable population. OBJECTIVE: With this study, we aimed at investigating, in a large sample of old age subjects with cognitive impairment, BPSD prevalence and correlates including the main demographic, clinical, and socio-environmental characteristics...
October 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032844/-family-adherence-in-serious-mental-disorder
#13
Ernesto Martín Padilla, Diana Obando Posada, Pedro Sarmiento Medina
OBJECTIVE: Identify attitudes and behaviors that evidence and characterize family adherence to treatment in patients with severe mental disorder. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive, from an interpretative social approach. LOCATION: Chia, Colombia, with professionals in the psychiatric and geriatric settings. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve professionals in psychiatry, nursing and psychology, with experience in care of patients with serious mental disorder and their families...
October 9, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028567/accessibility-of-prison-healthcare-for-elderly-inmates-a-qualitative-assessment
#14
Raheleh Heidari, Tenzin Wangmo, Serena Galli, David M Shaw, Bernice S Elger
Aging in custody and the rising population of elderly prisoners are creating compelling challenges for criminal justice, prison and public healthcare systems. Geriatric syndrome and higher prevalence of co-morbidities amongst older inmates result in heightened vulnerability in prison environments. Empirical research addressing older adults' access to medical care in detention is scarce; therefore, this study assessed access to medical care in prison from the perspective of older prisoners in Switzerland. We interviewed a sample of 35 older inmates (average age 61 years) on their experience of healthcare accessibility in prison; data were qualitatively analysed and major themes regarding evaluation of their access to medical services were extracted...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026759/quality-of-life-among-elderly-population-residing-in-urban-field-practice-area-of-a-tertiary-care-institute-of-ahmedabad-city-gujarat
#15
Venu R Shah, Donald S Christian, Arpit C Prajapati, Mansi M Patel, K N Sonaliya
INTRODUCTION: Overall improvement in the living standards of country's population is leading to longer life expectancy. To emphasize the medical and psychological difficulties faced by geriatric people is essential to know status of their quality of life (QOL). METHODOLOGY: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out at urban field practice area of one of the teaching institutes of Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Considering the prevalence of about 7.5% of 60 years and above people sample size of 250 was calculated...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992823/impact-of-music-therapy-on-dementia-behaviors-a-literature-review
#16
Nora Fakhoury, Nathaniel Wilhelm, Kristen F Sobota, Kelly R Kroustos
Worldwide, dementia is the most important contributor to disability in elderly patients. Treating patients with dementia can be challenging for clinicians because of the numerous behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). The Dementia Action Alliance and American Geriatrics Society Beers criteria promote nonpharmacological and behavioral treatments as first-line therapy to manage BPSD to avoid adverse events associated with antipsychotic medications. Some of the nonpharmacologic therapies proposed for BPSD include: music therapy (MT), light therapy, acupressure, aromatherapy, massage, and animal-assisted therapy...
October 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972245/multi-domains-lifestyle-interventions-reduces-depressive-symptoms-among-frail-and-pre-frail-older-persons-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
T P Ng, M S Z Nyunt, L Feng, L Feng, M Niti, B Y Tan, G Chan, S A Khoo, S M Chan, P Yap, K B Yap
BACKGROUND: We investigated the effect of multi-domain lifestyle (physical, nutritional, cognitive) interventions among frail and pre-frail community-living older persons on reducing depressive symptoms. METHOD: Participants aged 65 and above were randomly allocated to 24 weeks duration interventions with nutritional supplementation (N=49), physical training (N=48), cognitive training (N=50), combination intervention (N=49) and usual care control (N=50). Depressive symptoms were assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) at baseline (0M), 3 month (3M), 6 month (6M) and 12 month (12M)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964828/towards-a-biological-geriatric-assessment
#18
REVIEW
Camilla S L Tuttle, Andrea B Maier
The aging process occurs gradually, is highly individual, with a high degree of inter and intra-individual differences. As such, within an aging population there is significant variation in regards to extent of age related disease and functional impairment. This variability between individuals is thought to be expressed as biological age. Currently, the comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA), a multidimensional, interdisciplinary diagnostic process is used to determine an individual's medical, psychological and functional capability at older age...
September 27, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956311/-the-visual-association-test-to-study-episodic-memory-in-clinical-geriatric-psychology
#19
Han Diesfeldt, Marleen Prins, Gijs Lauret
The Visual Association Test (VAT) is a brief learning task that consists of six line drawings of pairs of interacting objects (association cards). Subjects are asked to name or identify each object and later are presented with one object from the pair (the cue) and asked to name the other (the target). The VAT was administered in a consecutive sample of 174 psychogeriatric day care participants with mild to major neurocognitive disorder. Comparison of test performance with normative data from non-demented subjects revealed that 69% scored within the range of a major deficit (0-8 over two recall trials), 14% a minor, and 17% no deficit (9-10, and ≥10 respectively)...
September 27, 2017: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947693/-oral-healthcare-for-the-persons-with-special-needs
#20
Ichijiro Morisaki
The field of special care dentistry is rapidly gaining recognition as a service that should be provided to the persons with physical, mental or intellectual disabilities by general practitioner, pediatric or geriatric dentists as well as dental hygienists. Because the oral healthcare and dental treatments are given in the narrow space of oral cavity and also accompanying technical difficulties with high risk of injury, the special needs patients are treated under being controlled their behavior or body motion by applying psychological, physical or pharmacological techniques...
2017: Clinical Calcium
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