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Geriatric Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087218/relationship-among-motor-function-adl-disability-and-psychological-concerns-in-elderly-people-with-locomotive-disorders
#1
Toshiyuki Miyawaki, Keigo Kumamoto, Kaori Shimoda, Fusae Tozato, Tsutomu Iwaya
BACKGROUND: Locomotive disorders are one of the main causative pathologies for the condition requiring assistance on activities of daily living (ADL). Although psychological concerns such as feeling of depression and anxiety are prevalent in elderly people, the causal relation among motor function, ADL disability, and psychological concerns is controversial. PURPOSE: Purpose of this study was to investigate causal relationship among motor function, ADL disability, and psychological concerns in elderly people with locomotive disorders...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068134/psychologists-in-patient-centered-medical-homes-pcmhs-roles-evidence-opportunities-and-challenges
#2
Anne E Kazak, Justin M Nash, Kimberly Hiroto, Nadine J Kaslow
The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) is an increasingly common model of health care delivery with many exciting opportunities for psychologists. The PCMH reflects a philosophy and model of care that is highly consistent with psychological science and practice. It strives to provide patient-centered, comprehensive, team-based, coordinated, accessible, and quality and safety-oriented health care delivery to individuals and families. Moreoever, in keeping with changes in the health care system more broadly, the PCMH model prioritizes the integration of behavioral and physical health care, and this emphasis lays the foundation for active and full engagement of psychologists in this context...
January 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060449/therapeutic-effects-of-drug-switching-between-acetylcholinesterase-inhibitors-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#3
Yasuyuki Ohta, Mohamed Darwish, Nozomi Hishikawa, Toru Yamashita, Kota Sato, Mami Takemoto, Koji Abe
AIM: To evaluate the therapeutic effects of switching from one acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (ChEI), donepezil, galantamine or rivastigmine, to another in Alzheimer's disease patients. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 171 Alzheimer's disease patients, whose ChEI medication was changed. The patients were evaluated on three major aspects of dementia - cognitive, affective and activities of daily living (ADL) measures - at 6 months (M) before the drug switch, at the time of drug switch (baseline), and at 3 M and 6 M after the drug switch...
January 6, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038782/-functional-decline-and-presence-of-symptoms-in-palliative-care-cause-or-consequence
#4
Alfredo Zamora-Mur, María Nabal-Vicuña, Aranzazu Zamora-Catevilla, Rafael García-Foncillas, Verónica Calderero-Aragón, Óscar Aubí-Catevilla, Fernando Lostalé-Latorre
INTRODUCTION: Several publications have related functional decline to the appearance of symptoms, especially psychiatric or psychological ones, such as anxiety and depression. Moreover, an initial depressive disorder or prior to functional decline usually worsens it. It was decided to investigate the relationship between the presence of functional decline, measured by a decrease in the Barthel index (BI), and the presence of symptoms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective analytical study conducted on patients referred to a Home Care Support Team (HCST)...
December 27, 2016: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989612/psychological-stress-in-geriatric-patients-with-genito-urinary-cancers
#5
Désirée Louise Dräger, Chris Protzel, Oliver W Hakenberg
BACKGROUND: Two-thirds of all cancer cases affect patients who are older than 65years, yet the specific conditions of the treatment and supportive care in this age group are poorly studied. There are limited data on the specific psycho-oncological problems in elderly patients with genito-urinary cancers. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychosocial needs of elderly patients with genito-urinary tumors using screening questionnaires and to use such screening questionnaires for an in-patient psychosocial treatment program...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943444/frequency-and-intensity-of-symptoms-and-treatment-interventions-in-hospitalized-older-palliative-cancer-patients-a-multicentre-cross-sectional-study
#6
Aurélie Van Lancker, Dimitri Beeckman, Nele Van Den Noortgate, Sofie Verhaeghe, Ann Van Hecke
AIM: To increase the knowledge of the frequency and intensity of symptoms and the treatment interventions in older palliative cancer patients. BACKGROUND: Research on symptoms and the treatment modalities in older palliative cancer patients is scarce. Insight into these aspects is needed to enable healthcare professionals to alleviate the burden. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Four hundred hospitalized older palliative cancer patients participated in the study between March 2013 - February 2015...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935188/characteristics-of-physical-prefrailty-among-japanese-healthy-older-adults
#7
Eiji Matsushita, Kiwako Okada, Yui Ito, Shosuke Satake, Nariaki Shiraishi, Takahisa Hirose, Masafumi Kuzuya
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to clarify the characteristics of frailty at an early stage (prefrailty) in a healthy elderly Japanese population. METHODS: The participants were 620 healthy older adults (age range 60-89 years) who were current students or graduates of a community college for older adults in Japan. All participants were evaluated using the Kihon Checklist, a tool developed to screen for frailty in Japan. The participants were categorized by the Fried criteria (lost weight, handgrip strength, walking speed, exhaustion, physical activity) into either a prefrailty (1-2 criteria) or a non-frailty (0 criterion) group...
December 9, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923981/sarcopenia-and-frailty-in-chronic-respiratory-disease-lessons-from-gerontology
#8
Anna E Bone, Nilay Hepgul, Samantha Kon, Matthew Maddocks
Sarcopenia and frailty are geriatric syndromes characterized by multisystem decline, which are related to and reflected by markers of skeletal muscle dysfunction. In older people, sarcopenia and frailty have been used for risk stratification, to predict adverse outcomes and to prompt intervention aimed at preventing decline in those at greatest risk. In this review, we examine sarcopenia and frailty in the context of chronic respiratory disease, providing an overview of the common assessments tools and studies to date in the field...
December 6, 2016: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897406/integrated-care-for-geriatric-frailty-and-sarcopenia-a-randomized-control-trial
#9
Ding-Cheng Derrick Chan, Hsiao-Hui Tsou, Chirn-Bin Chang, Rong-Sen Yang, Jau-Yih Tsauo, Ching-Yu Chen, Chin-Fu Hsiao, Ya-Ting Hsu, Chia-Hui Chen, Shu-Fang Chang, Chao Agnes Hsiung, Ken N Kuo
BACKGROUND: Exercise, nutrition, and psychological interventions may all have positive impacts on frailty and sarcopenia. However, it is not known whether an integrated care programme with all three components can be beneficial and the intensity of such programme is also not certain. In this study, we aim to determine the effectiveness of two levels of integrated care on frailty and sarcopenia. METHODS: A randomized control trial was conducted at two community hospitals in Taiwan...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890486/towards-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-understand-and-manage-obesity-and-related-diseases
#10
REVIEW
Stephan C Bischoff, Yves Boirie, Tommy Cederholm, Michael Chourdakis, Cristina Cuerda, Nathalie M Delzenne, Nicolaas E Deutz, Denis Fouque, Laurence Genton, Carmen Gil, Berthold Koletzko, Miguel Leon-Sanz, Raanan Shamir, Joelle Singer, Pierre Singer, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop, Anders Thorell, Arved Weimann, Rocco Barazzoni
Overnutrition and sedentary lifestyle result in overweight or obesity defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. According to the WHO, the worldwide prevalence of obesity nearly doubled between 1980 and 2008. In 2008, over 50% of both men and women in the WHO European Region were overweight, and approximately 23% of women and 20% of men were obese. Comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic approaches should include nutritional treatment to favor the best metabolic and nutritional outcome, as well as to induce potential disease-specific benefits from selected nutritional regimens...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863317/evaluating-promis-%C3%A2-applied-cognition-items-in-a-sample-of-older-adults-at-risk-for-cognitive-decline
#11
Molly Howland, Curtis Tatsuoka, Kathleen A Smyth, Martha Sajatovic
PROMIS(®) Applied Cognition is a short self-assessment of cognitive abilities and concerns that eliminates the need for a trained rater and provides online question banks that can be uniformly used across health care providers. This 12-month prospective study of 281 elderly individuals evaluates self-perceptions of cognitive functioning in relation to objective cognition, or assessment by an external rater, and compares PROMIS® Applied Cognition Abilities and Concerns subsets with commonly used "legacy" instruments...
January 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855633/care-recipients-physical-frailty-is-independently-associated-with-subjective-burden-in-informal-caregivers-in-the-community-setting-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Thom J Ringer, Afeez Abiola Hazzan, Courtney C Kennedy, Sarah Karampatos, Christopher Patterson, Sharon Marr, Brian Misiaszek, Tricia Woo, George Ioannidis, Alexandra Papaioannou
BACKGROUND: Physical frailty is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in community-dwelling older adults. Burden in informal caregivers of older adults causes significant physical and psychological distress. However, the relationship between these two clinical phenomena has not been extensively studied. This cross-sectional study evaluated the relationship between physical frailty of community-dwelling older adults attending an outpatient geriatric clinic and the subjective burden reported by their informal caregivers...
November 17, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843821/geriatric-health-policy-in-india-the-need-for-scaling-up-implementation
#13
REVIEW
N Sherin Susan Paul, Mathew Asirvatham
In an anticipation of the rising geriatric population in India, the Central government constituted the National Policy for Older Persons in 1999 to promote the health and welfare of senior citizens in India. A major strategy of this policy is to encourage families to take care of their older family members. The policy also encourages voluntary organizations to supplement the care provided by the family and provide care and protection to vulnerable elderly people. The implementation of this policy, particularly in the rural areas, has been negligible and calls for a scaling-up of programs to address the physical, psychological, and social needs of the poor...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803717/race-and-gender-differences-in-correlates-of-death-anxiety-among-elderly-in-the-united-states
#14
Shervin Assari, Maryam Moghani Lankarani
BACKGROUND: Death anxiety among elderly is a major public health concern. Few studies, however, have been conducted on factors associated with death anxiety. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated race and gender differences in psychosocial correlates of death anxiety among elderly in the US. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With a cross-sectional design, we used data of the Religion, Aging, and Health survey. 1,074 White and Black elderly (age > 65 years, 615 women, 359 men) were entered to this study...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799751/predictors-of-quality-of-life-among-hospitalized-geriatric-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-upon-discharge
#15
Nuruljannah Johari, Zahara Abdul Manaf, Norhayati Ibrahim, Suzana Shahar, Norlaila Mustafa
PURPOSE: Diabetes mellitus is prevalent among older adults, and affects their quality of life. Furthermore, the number is growing as the elderly population increases. Thus, this study aims to explore the predictors of quality of life among hospitalized geriatric patients with diabetes mellitus upon discharge in Malaysia. METHODS: A total of 110 hospitalized geriatric patients aged 60 years and older were selected using convenience sampling method in a cross-sectional study...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786538/new-opioid-prescribing-guidelines-released-in-the-us-what-impact-will-they-have-in-the-care-of-older-patients-with-persistent-pain
#16
Fabio Guerriero, M Carrington Reid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743677/-prescription-of-antipsychotics-in-elderly-patients-with-dementia-in-a-psychiatric-hospital-impact-of-recommendations-of-the-french-health-authority
#17
X Jégouzo, M Desbordes, S Delègue, G Le Vacon, M Patrick, S Mouchabac
OBJECTIVES: Behavioral and psychological symptoms have a high prevalence in dementia. They include mood disorders, psychotic disorders and behavioral disorders such as aggression or screaming. Despite a number of side effects and an increased mortality, antipsychotic drugs are widely prescribed for treatment of this disorder. In France, this increased risk of mortality led in 2009 to the adoption of guidelines concerning all antipsychotics. The guidelines propose a sensible use of antipsychotics after the establishment of non-pharmacological measures...
October 12, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741968/psychological-approaches-to-coping-with-pain-in-later-life
#18
Christopher Eccleston, Abby Tabor, Rhiannon Terri Edwards, Edmund Keogh
A psychological model of coping with the demands of aging is outlined. Chronic pain is conceptualized as a challenge to normal aging, because it threatens identity, risks affective disorder (depression), and interferes with action. The sparse evidence for psychological interventions is reviewed, and a case is made for the types of interventions that should be developed to address the specific presentation of geriatric pain management.
November 2016: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741962/impact-of-pain-on-family-members-and-caregivers-of-geriatric-patients
#19
REVIEW
Catherine Riffin, Terri Fried, Karl Pillemer
This article provides an overview of the literature describing the effects of geriatric patients' pain on family members' relationships, psychological well-being, and physical health. The theoretic mechanisms that underlie the association between patients' pain and family members' outcomes are outlined, and studies describing these mechanisms are summarized. Limitations to the current literature are discussed, and key recommendations for future research and practice are presented.
November 2016: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732451/death-anxiety-and-ageist-attitudes-are-related-to-trainees-interest-in-working-with-older-adults
#20
Marcela Mejia, Scott M Hyman, Samantha Behbahani, Kristen Farrell-Turner
OBJECTIVES: To explore how psychology trainee death concerns and ageist behavior relate to their willingness and desire to work with older adults. METHOD: Trainees (N = 104; 80.8% women) completed the Death Thought-Accessibility Measure, Relating to Older People Evaluation (ROPE), Death Anxiety Scale-Extended (DASE), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and rated their willingness and desire to work with older adults and their willingness to obtain training on how to work with older adults...
October 12, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
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