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Cesar Petri, Nuria Alburquerque, Mohamed Faize, Ralph Scorza, Chris Dardick
In most woody fruit species, transformation and regeneration are difficult. However, European plum (Prunus domestica) has been shown to be amenable to genetic improvement technologies from classical hybridization, to genetic engineering, to rapid cycle crop breeding ('FasTrack' breeding). Since the first report on European plum transformation with marker genes in the early 90 s, numerous manuscripts have been published reporting the generation of new clones with agronomically interesting traits, such as pests, diseases and/or abiotic stress resistance, shorter juvenile period, dwarfing, continuous flowering, etc...
April 12, 2018: Transgenic Research
Austin Peters, Christian Hoelscher, Emmanuel Edusei, Wafa Skalli, Thomas Errico
BACKGROUND: Spine procedures continue to increase significantly. As such, a more precise understanding of the anatomy, especially the pars interarticularis (PI) is critical. Current data characterizing the PI level-by-level is lacking. This study analyzed the average PI width at each level of the lumbar spine in order to elucidate statistically significant PI variations between lumbar levels. METHODS: The interpars distance, the narrowest distance between the lateral edges of the left and right PI, was measured directly with calipers on 53 complete lumbar specimens and digitally via Fastrack measurements of 30 sets of lumbar vertebrae...
2014: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
Nobuyasu Komasawa, Ryusuke Ueki, Yoshiroh Kaminoh, Shin-Ichi Nishi
PURPOSE: In the 2010 American Heart Association guidelines, supraglottic devices (SGDs) such as the laryngeal mask are proposed as alternatives to tracheal intubation for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Some SGDs can also serve as a means for tracheal intubation after successful ventilation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of chest compression on airway management with four intubating SGDs, aura-i (aura-i), air-Q (air-Q), i-gel (i-gel), and Fastrack (Fastrack), during cardiopulmonary resuscitation using a manikin...
October 2014: Journal of Anesthesia
M M León-López, M García-Elías, G Salvà-Coll, M Llusá-Perez, A Lluch-Bergadà
PURPOSE: As long as the neuromuscular stabilizers are intact, a lesion of the scapholunate ligament may or may not progress to a carpal instability. The mechanisms by which the muscles compensate this defect are not very well known. We designed an experimental study with the aim of clarifying these mechanisms. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Using 10 fresh wrists, with no pre-existing lesions, we studied the movements of the scaphoid, triquetrum and capitate produced by the isometrical loading of the muscles which move the wrist, each of them isolated or combined, before and after cutting off the scapholunate ligaments...
January 2014: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
Ryusuke Ueki, Nobuyasu Komasawa, Kenta Nishimoto, Takashi Sugi, Munetaka Hirose, Yoshiroh Kaminoh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the utility of the Aintree Intubation Catheter (AIC) with three types of supraglottic airway devices for tracheal intubation (ISGAs) using a manikin. METHODS: Participants were 21 anesthesiologists with more than 2 years of experience in clinical anesthesia. Three types of ISGAs were passed through the glottis: Fastrack-Single Use (FSU; size 4), air-Q (size 3.5), and i-gel (size 4). Participants attempted fiberoptic tracheal intubation with the ISGAs in random order...
June 2014: Journal of Anesthesia
L Engels, X De Tiege, M Op de Beeck, N Warzée
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to determine the factors influencing the spatial precision and the replicability of electromagnetic trackers (EMT) for the localization of electrodes and natural landmarks on the patient's head. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of seven conditions on the measurement of the EMT were investigated with a Polhemus Fastrack: distance, contact between two components of the EMT, presence of magnetic object, localization of landmarks and electrodes on a phantom and a human subject without and with movements...
March 2010: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
Cristina Boccagni, Jacopo Carpaneto, Silvestro Micera, Sergio Bagnato, Giuseppe Galardi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate kinematic features in cervical dystonia (CD) patients by means of a motion analysis system (Fastrack-Polhemus, Colchester VT, USA). DESIGN: Small study sample. SETTING: Ambulatory care. PATIENTS AND PARTICIPANTS: 15 CD patients and 10 healthy subjects. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Posture at rest and voluntary movements in both groups...
December 2008: Neurological Sciences
I-Ching Sam, Francis Drobniewski, Philip More, Melanie Kemp, Timothy Brown
The United Kingdom Health Protection Agency Mycobacterium Reference Unit offers a national "Fastrack" molecular service for detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) and rifampin resistance by using the INNO-LiPA Rif.TB assay. We analyzed the service in a routine, nontrial context of 1,997 primary clinical specimens, including 658 nonrespiratory specimens. The overall adjusted concordance, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for detecting MTBC were 91...
May 2006: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Robert J Fletterick
Androgen depletion in combination with antiandrogenic agents is initially highly effective for treating prostate cancer, and is the recommended treatment for more advanced or higher-grade tumours. However, many tumours eventually become insensitive to androgens, even though the androgen receptor (AR) continues to be expressed. Computational chemistry combined with structural analysis of nuclear receptors and determination of binding affinities of natural and designed coregulators (coactivators and corepressors) provides the theoretical framework for the rational design of novel therapeutic agents directed at the AR...
December 2005: BJU International
M Zutshi, C P Delaney, A J Senagore, V W Fazio
OBJECTIVE: Recent prospective studies have shown that 'fast track' postoperative care protocols (FT) can reduce hospitalization after major intestinal surgery to 4.5 days, as compared to the 7-10 days with traditional management (TR) and 2.5 days after laparoscopic surgery (LC). We used computerized actigraphy (CA) to evaluate physical activity using TR, FT and LC approaches. METHODS: Fifteen patients undergoing intestinal resection by LC, TR and FT were recruited...
November 2004: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
E L Santarcangelo, E Cavallaro, S Mazzoleni, E Marano, B Ghelarducci, P Dario, S Micera, L Sebastiani
The aim of the experiment was to study possible differences between the kinematic strategies for the "involuntary" arm lowering of hypnotized highly susceptible subjects (H-Highs) and for the voluntary movement of non-hypnotizable simulators (Sims) during suggestions of arm heaviness (Part I). In addition, a comparison between awake susceptible subjects (W-Highs) and H-Highs was carried out to clarify the specific role of the hypnotic state and hypnotizability (Part II). Subjects' absorption and attentional/imagery capabilities were evaluated through neuropsychological tests...
March 2005: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Stella M Michaelsen, Stéphane Jacobs, Agnès Roby-Brami, Mindy F Levin
Previous studies have shown that patients with arm and hand paresis following stroke recruit an additional degree of freedom (the trunk) to transport the hand during reaching and use alternative strategies for grasping. The few studies of grasping parameters of the impaired hand have been case studies mainly focusing on describing grasping in the presence of particular impairments such as hemi-neglect or optic ataxia and have not focussed on the role of the trunk in prehension. We hypothesized that the trunk movement not only ensures the transport of the hand to the object, but it also assists in orienting the hand for grasping when distal deficits are present...
July 2004: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Giuseppe Galardi, Silvestro Micera, Jacopo Carpaneto, Silvana Scolari, Massimo Gambini, Paolo Dario
We developed an automated and objective method to measure posture and voluntary movements in patients with cervical dystonia using Fastrack, an electromagnetic system consisting of a stationary transmitter station and four sensors. The junction lines between the sensors attached to the head produced geometrical figures on which the corresponding aspects of the head were superimposed. The head position in the space was reconstructed and observed from axial, sagittal, and coronal planes. Four patients with cervical dystonia and 6 healthy subjects were studied...
November 2003: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
O-Ki Kwon, Moon Hee Han
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Aneurysm embolization is not without risk: numerous technical aspects are considered before, during, and after the procedure. The purpose of this study was to show the position of the detachment zone of a Guglielmi detachable coil (GDC) with respect to the catheter tip for various microcatheters and marker alignments. METHODS: Six types of commonly used microcatheters were tested (Excel-14, Excelsior, FasTracker-10, Prowler-10, Prowler-14, and Rebar-14)...
September 2002: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Chunlin Chen, Ping Liu, Jun Lu, Liping Yu, Ben Ma, Jinjiang Wang, Peiming Liu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical efficacy of uterine arterial embolization (UAE) in the treatment of adenomyosis. METHODS: UAE procedures were performed in 23 patients with adenomyosis. Two 3.0 F FASTRACKER-325 tubes were placed into bilateral uterine arteries respectively and the fresh gelfoam particles mixed with antibiotic drugs were used to embolise the arteries. After treatment the symptoms and uterine volume of all patients were investigated. RESULTS: All clinical symptoms of 23 patients relieved...
February 2002: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
I Semaan, W Skalli, S Veron, A Templier, J P Lassau, F Lavaste
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: There are many anatomic descriptions of the spine, but most concentrate on qualitative information. Quantitative data is however important to achieve a better clinical approach, to adapt implant size and to construct geometric models of spine mechanics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined 32 dry spines (160 lumbar vertebrae) obtained from the Orfila Museum anatomy laboratory at the Saints-Pères School of Medicine in Paris. We drew 178 landmarks on the surface of each vertebra and recorded the 3D spatial coordinates of each point using a Fastrack electromagnetic system operating with +/- 0...
June 2001: Revue de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Réparatrice de L'appareil Moteur
M Caws, S M Wilson, C Clough, F Drobniewski
An open prospective clinical, microbiological, and molecular analysis of a national molecular diagnostic service for tuberculous meningitis (TBM) using an in-house IS6110-targeted PCR for molecular "Fastrack" diagnosis was carried out. Between April 1997 and June 1998. Consecutive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from 131 patients were assessed. Against a culture on the same sample, PCR had a sensitivity of 75% and a specificity of 94%. Of samples from patients classified as definite or probable TBM cases based on clinical criteria, 81% had raised CSF protein levels and 73% had a lymphocytosis, although 57% of all submitted samples showed a raised lymphocyte count...
September 2000: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
I Laffont, E Briand, O Dizien, M Combeaud, B Bussel, M Revol, A Roby-Brami
AIMS: C6 quadriplegic patients lack voluntary control of their triceps muscle but can still perform reaching movements to grasp objects or point to targets. The present study documents the kinematic properties of reaching in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated the kinematics of prehension and pointing movements in four quadriplegic patients and five control subjects. Prehension and pointing movements were recorded for each subject using various object positions (ie different directions and distances from the subject)...
June 2000: Spinal Cord
E V Biryukova, A Roby-Brami, A A Frolov, M Mokhtari
The kinematics of the human arm in terms of angles of rotations in the joints is reconstructed from the spatial tracking system (Fastrack() Polhemus) recordings. The human arm is modeled by three rigid bodies (the upper arm, the forearm and the hand) with seven degrees of freedom (three in the shoulder, two in the elbow and two in the wrist). Joint geometry parameters (orientations of the axes relative to the arm segments, the angles and the distances between the axes) have been calculated on the basis of passive rotations in the joints...
August 2000: Journal of Biomechanics
C A Zimmerman
Evangelical Health Systems has developed its own patient care software program and is marketing it to other hospitals under the name FasTrack Systems, Inc. The hospital communications and software package was installed in three EHS hospitals in 18 months.
May 1985: Hospital Topics
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