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Thrombosis total replacement

Ryo Fujiwara, Mitsuhiro Narita, Susumu Kageyama, Akihiro Kawauchi, Takahisa Nakayama, Natsumi Nishi, Hiroyuki Sugihara, Yusaku Okada
A 67-year-old man presented at our hospital with severe edema on the left side of his neck, chest and brachial regions. He had a history of right radical nephrectomy due to renal cell carcinoma (RCC, clear cell subtype, stage II) 15 years earlier. Thereafter, metastases to the pancreatic tail and right lung, and left lung metastasis were removed at 8 years and 11 years, respectively, after the nephrectomy. Four years earlier, he had also undergone total gastrectomy for gastric carcinoma (poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, stage IV) and subsequent maintenance chemotherapy for gastric carcinoma...
September 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
K Y Huang, L Q Kong, Z Wu, X Wen, J Zhao, H C Zhang, Y Xu, X J Long, Y Kang
Objective: To observe the clinical feature of familiar hereditary protein S deficiency(HPSD), and to explore the related gene mutations. Methods: A total of seven family members were enrolled in this study and examined during the June to September 2015. Medical histories of the families were analyzed to detect HPSD according to the diagnostic criteria. PROS1 genes of the proband and her family were analyzed. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood. The 15 exons and their intron-exon boundaries of PROS1 were amplified with PCR, and the PCR products were sequenced and analyzed to identify potential mutations...
September 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
Nicolaj C Hansson, Erik L Grove, Henning R Andersen, Jonathon Leipsic, Ole N Mathiassen, Jesper M Jensen, Kaare T Jensen, Philipp Blanke, Tina Leetmaa, Mariann Tang, Lars R Krusell, Kaj E Klaaborg, Evald H Christiansen, Kim Terp, Christian J Terkelsen, Steen H Poulsen, John Webb, Hans Erik Bøtker, Bjarne L Nørgaard
BACKGROUND: There is increasing focus on transcatheter heart valve (THV) thrombosis. However, there are limited data on incidence, clinical implications and predisposing factors of THV thrombosis following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). OBJECTIVES: We assessed the incidence, potential predictors, and clinical implications of THV thrombosis determined by contrast-enhanced multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) after TAVR. METHODS: Among 460 consecutive patients undergoing TAVR with the Edwards Sapien XT or Sapien 3 (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA, USA) valves, 405 (88%) underwent MDCT in addition to transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography 1-3 months post-TAVR...
August 18, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Menachem M Meller, Nader Toossi, Mark H Gonzalez, Min-Sun Son, Edmund C Lau, Norman Johanson
BACKGROUND: Patients with morbid obesity, defined as a BMI greater than 40 kg/m(2), and super obesity, defined as a BMI greater than 50 kg/m(2), increasingly present for total hip replacement. There is disagreement in the literature whether these individuals have greater surgical risks and costs for the episode of care, and the magnitude of those risks and costs. There also is no established threshold for obesity as defined by BMI in identifying increased complications, risks, and costs of care...
November 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Fadi Sawaya, Arie Pieter Kappetein, Wilfried Wisser, Patrick Nataf, Martyn Thomas, Volker Schächinger, Bernard De Bruyne, Hélène Eltchaninoff, Matthias Thielmann, Dominique Himbert, Mauro Romano, Gerhard Wimmer-Greinecker, Patrick Serruys, Thierry Lefèvre
AIMS: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has gained rapid acceptance for patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) at high surgical risk for conventional valve replacement. Although TAVI is now a relatively mature technique, limited data about long-term valvular function are available. Our aim was to report the five-year echocardiographic data evaluating valve performance from three early European feasibility studies designed to assess the safety and effectiveness of the first-generation balloon-expandable transcatheter heart valve (SAPIEN THV)...
August 20, 2016: EuroIntervention
Kai Song, Yao Yao, Zhen Rong, Yeshuai Shen, Minghao Zheng, Qing Jiang
INTRODUCTION: Data on the incidence of preoperative deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients, who are waiting for elective hip replacement for femoral neck fractures, are limited. Our primary goal was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of preoperative DVT in acute hip fracture patients awaiting hemi- or total hip arthroplasty using venography. The secondary objective was to find a possible relationship between preoperative and postoperative DVT. METHODS: We enrolled 119 consecutive patients with subcapital femoral neck fracture, who were awaiting hip replacement at our institution...
October 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Wei-kun Hou, Lin Liu, Chao Lu, Kan Peng, Zhi Yang, Ke Xu, Peng Xu
OBJECTIVE: To explore early clinical effect of acetabular cup in total hip replacement for the treatment of Crowe II developmental dysplasia of hip. METHODS: Eighteen patients (18 hips) with Crowe type II developmental dysplasia of hip were treated with total hip replacement from September 2001 to July 2013. Among them,including 13 males and 5 females aged from 42 to 60 years old with an average of 47.6 years old; the courses of diseases ranged from 9 to 22 years with an average of 13...
June 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Anahita Dua, Sapan S Desai, Cheong J Lee, Jennifer A Heller
INTRODUCTION: Total knee replacement (TKR) and total hip replacement (THR) are associated with an increased risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Advances in DVT prophylaxis over the past decade have led to a decrease in DVT-related morbidity, but gender, racial, and other demographic factors that contribute to a higher risk of DVT are incompletely characterized. This study aimed to determine the incidence of DVT over the past decade and identify factors that were associated with an increased risk of DVT...
August 12, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Anthony Reynolds, Anna Sandstrom, Pankaj K Jha
Injuries to the popliteal artery during total knee arthroplasty are rare. We present a case of a 72y male with popliteal artery thrombosis and a pseudoaneurysm presenting immediately following total knee arthroplasty. First-line management of acute limb ischemia is currently transitioning from open surgery to endovascular strategies such as catheter directed thrombolysis or mechanical thrombectomy. Due to the rarity of acute limb ischemia and pseudoaneurysms following total knee arthroplasty endovascular management is only reported in a few case studies...
August 11, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
H Lan, Y G Cheng, B C Jia, Y L Chai
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the clinical outcome of totally thoracoscopic cardiac surgery for mitral valve replacement. METHODS: Clinical data of 634 cases undergoing totally thoracoscopic cardiac surgery for mitral valve replacement from May 2004 to February 2016 in Department of Thoracoscopic Cardiacsurgery, Shanghai Yodak Cardiothoracic Hospital was analyzed retrospectively. There were 292 male and 342 female patients, aged from 17 to 68 years with a mean of (45±13) years...
August 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Philippe Van der Linden, Jean-François Hardy
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anaemia is associated with increased postoperative morbidity and mortality. Patient blood management (PBM) is advocated to improve patient outcomes. OBJECTIVES: NATA, the 'Network for the advancement of patient blood management, haemostasis and thrombosis', initiated a benchmark project with the aim of providing the basis for educational strategies to implement optimal PBM in participating centres. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study with online data collection in 11 secondary and tertiary care institutions interested in developing PBM...
August 3, 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
D Musil, J Stehlík, K Abrman, M Held, P Sadovský
UNLABELLED: PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate, at one year of follow-up, radiographic and clinical results of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) performed with use of Zimmer® Patient Specific Instruments (PSIs) which allow for planning and customising each patient's TKA. MATERIAL AND METHODS Of the patients with knee arthritis who were eligible for joint replacement, 23 were randomly selected and included in this study. There were 11 men and 12 women, with 11 right and 12 left knee joints...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
Wen-Jun Dong, Hui-Juan Qian, Yan Qian, Ling Zhou, San-Lian Hu
The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy and safety profiles of fondaparinux and enoxaparin in preventing the venous thromboembolism (VTE) after total hip replacement. A systematic literature search in the PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane library databases was performed to identify relevant articles published in English since inception up to November 16, 2014. The efficacy outcomes were all VTE, total deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and symptomatic VTE, while the safety outcome was major bleeding. Four eligible studies were included in the meta-analysis...
August 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Vivek Ajit Singh, Lim Ming Yong, Anushya Vijayananthan
BACKGROUND: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) has been independently associated with both malignant diseases and orthopaedic surgery. Therefore, orthopaedic oncology patients may be at a high risk for thromboembolic events. However, less emphasis is given to this group of patients compared to the patients undergoing total hip and knee replacement. The objective of this study is to determine the incidence of DVT and their risk factors in patients undergoing orthopaedic oncology lower limb surgery without prophylaxis...
2016: SpringerPlus
Shaleen Vira, Austin J Ramme, Michael J Alaia, David Steiger, Jonathan M Vigdorchik, Frederick Jaffe
BACKGROUND: Duplex ultrasound is routinely used to evaluate suspected deep venous thrombosis after total joint arthroplasty. When there is a clinical suspicion for a pulmonary embolism, a chest angiogram (chest CTA) is concomitantly obtained. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Two questions were addressed: First, for the population of patients who receive duplex ultrasound after total joint arthroplasty, what is the rate of positive results? Second, for these patients, how many of these also undergo chest CTA for clinical suspicion of pulmonary embolus and how many of these tests are positive? Furthermore, what is the correlation between duplex ultrasound results and chest CTA results? METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of total joint replacement patients in 2011 at a single institution...
July 2016: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
Dong Fu, Yiqiong Zhao, Jiakang Shen, Zhengdong Cai, Yingqi Hua
The purpose of this study was to compare and evaluate the event of VTE (Venous Thromboembolism Event) after total artificial joint replacement between two groups diagnosed with either musculoskeletal tumors or osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. From 2004 to 2014, a total of 1,402 patients (308 in tumor group, 1,094 in OA group) were involved in this study. The rate of asymptomatic DVT (Deep vein thrombosis) was significantly higher in tumor group when compared with OA group. Though both the incidence of symptomatic DVT and PE (Pulmonary embolism) were slightly higher in tumor group, no significant difference was detected...
2016: PloS One
M Castro-Menéndez, S Pena-Paz, F Rocha-García, N Rodríguez-Casas, R Huici-Izco, A Montero-Viéites
BACKGROUND: There is currently sufficient clinical evidence to recommend tranexamic acid (TXA) for reducing post-operative blood loss in total knee and hip arthroplasty, however, its optimal dose and administration regimes are unknown. OBJECTIVE: Analyse effectiveness and safety of TXA in total hip and knee arthroplasty using 2 grammes (g) intravenously in two different regimes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective randomised intervention study was conducted on a total of 240 patients...
September 2016: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
Giuseppe Esposito, Jorn Fierstra, Luca Regli
BACKGROUND: Partial trapping with or without bypass revascularization is a well-established strategy in the surgical management of complex aneurysms. Distal outflow occlusion is performed by occluding the efferent artery downstream of the aneurysm and represents an alternative to proximal inflow occlusion in partial trapping treatment. With this article we report a case series employing distal outflow occlusion for managing posterior-inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) complex aneurysms and discuss the rationale of this treatment strategy...
August 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
L Dong, Y K Shi, J P Xu, E Y Zhang, J C Liu, Y X Li, Y M Ni, Q Yang, T Han, B Fu, J Chen, L Ren, S L Wei, H Chen, K X Liu, F X Yu, J S Liu, M D Xiao, S M Wu, K L Zhang, H L Huang, S L Jiang, C H Qiao, C S Wang, Z Y Xu, X M Zhou, D J Wang, L X Ni, Y B Xiao, S L Jiang, G M Zhang, G Y Liang, S Y Yang, P Bo, Q J Zhong, J B Zhang, X Zhang, Y B Zhu, X Teng, P Zhu, F Huang, Y M Xiao, G Q Cao, H Tian, L M Xia, F L Lu, Y Q Liu, D X Liu, H Xu, Y Yuan, M Li, C Chang, X C Wu, Z Xu, P Guo, Y J Bai, W B Xue, X Y Jiang, Z H Na, Q Y Zeng, H Cai, Y L Wang, R Xiong, S Jin, X M Zheng, D Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the optimal anticoagulation methods and monitoring strategy for Chinese patients undergoing heart valve replacement, which is potentially quite different from western populations. METHODS: In this multicenter prospective cohort study, the anticoagulation and monitoring strategy data was acquired from 25 773 in-hospital patients in 35 medical centers and 20 519 patients in outpatient clinic in 11 medical centers from January 1st, 2011 to December 31th, 2015...
May 24, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
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