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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551933/-recommendations-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-pediatric-acute-gastroenteritis-in-israel-update-2017
#1
Firas Rinawi, Shai Ashkenazi, Michael Wilschanski, Eli Somekh, Raanan Shamir
AIMS: The aim of these guidelines is to update and extend evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis and management of children with acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in Israel, based on new data and the recently published European update. METHODS: The recommendations, which are based on a systematic review of the literature, were graded by the level of evidence. The guidelines were endorsed by the Israeli societies for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Pediatric Infectious Diseases and the Israeli Association of Pediatrics...
March 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551856/model-based-intensification-of-a-fed-batch-microbial-process-for-the-maximization-of-polyhydroxybutyrate-phb-production-rate
#2
Giannis Penloglou, Athina Vasileiadou, Christos Chatzidoukas, Costas Kiparissides
An integrated metabolic-polymerization-macroscopic model, describing the microbial production of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) in Azohydromonas lata bacteria, was developed and validated using a comprehensive series of experimental measurements. The model accounted for biomass growth, biopolymer accumulation, carbon and nitrogen sources utilization, oxygen mass transfer and uptake rates and average molecular weights of the accumulated PHB, produced under batch and fed-batch cultivation conditions. Model predictions were in excellent agreement with experimental measurements...
May 27, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551741/soil-calcium-significantly-promotes-uptake-of-inorganic-arsenic-by-garland-chrysanthemum-chrysanthemuml-coronarium-fertilized-with-chicken-manure-bearing-roxarsone-and-its-metabolites
#3
Lixian Yao, Lianxi Huang, Cuihua Bai, Zhaohuan He, Changmin Zhou
Roxarsone (ROX), a widely used feed organoarsenic additive, occurs as itself and its metabolites in animal manure that is commonly land used as fertilizer. Soil property impacts arsenic (As) speciation and bioavailability. Fourteen soils across China were used to conduct culture experiments to investigate As uptake by garland chrysanthemum (ChrysanthemumL coronarium), with the soils fertilized with chicken manure bearing ROX and its metabolites. The results show As(III) was the sole As form in garland chrysanthemum shoots, and As(III) and As(V) occurred in roots...
May 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551740/changes-of-foraging-patch-selection-and-utilization-by-a-giant-panda-after-bamboo-flowering
#4
Guochun Li, Huadong Song, Latifa A A Altigani, Xueli Zheng, Shuhai Bu
The bamboo flowering leads to the habitat fragmentation and food quality decline of a giant panda. Few empirical research has been conducted about the giant panda's response to the bamboo flowering. Here, we investigated the characteristics of bamboo stands, giant panda's activity, and selection and utilization of bamboo stands by giant panda in Taibaishan National Nature Reserve, China, over a 3-year period (September 2013-May 2016) during the Fargesia qinlingensis flowering period. Our results indicated that the proportion of whole bamboo stands flowering has gradually expanded from 26...
May 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551720/effect-of-paricalcitol-on-pancreatic-oxidative-stress-inflammatory-markers-and-glycemic-status-in-diabetic-rats
#5
T M Ali, B El Esawy, A Elaskary
OBJECTIVES: This study is designed to explore the effect of paricalcitol (vitamin D receptor agonist) on pancreatic oxidative stress, inflammatory markers, and adiponectin and glycemic status in diabetic rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty Sprague-Dawley male rats aged 10-12 weeks (150-250 g) were used in this study. Type 2 diabetes was developed by providing 4 weeks of high-fat-diet feeding before one shot of streptozotocin injection (40 mg/kg i.p.). Four study groups were designed as normal control rats, diabetic control vehicle-treated, diabetic paricalcitol-treated (0...
May 27, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551688/nutrition-of-infants-and-young-children-in-poland-pitnuts-2016
#6
Halina Weker, Marta Barańska, Agnieszka Riahi, Małgorzata Strucińska, Małgorzata Więch, Grażyna Rowicka, Hanna Dyląg, Witold Klemarczyk, Agnieszka Bzikowska, Piotr Socha
The study evaluating the feeding practices and the nutritional status of children aged 5 to 36 months in a general, Polish, representative population (n=1059) was carried out from May to July 2016. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feeding practices in children aged 5 to 36 months with regard to models of safe nutrition on the basis of the outcome of the population study performed in 2016. The data obtained show that the feeding practices in children in their first year of life do not meet the guidelines presented in the model of safe nutrition, particularly in matters of timing of complementary feeding introduction and food choice...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551483/effect-of-growth-hormone-on-steroid-concentrations-and-mrna-expression-of-their-receptor-and-selected-egg-specific-protein-genes-in-the-chicken-oviduct-during-pause-in-laying-induced-by-fasting
#7
J K Socha, A Sechman, M Mika, A Hrabia
This study was undertaken to examine the effect of growth hormone (GH) treatment during pause in laying on (1) the concentration of steroids in blood plasma and oviduct tissues, (2) the expression of mRNA of steroid receptors, and (3) the mRNA expression of selected egg-specific proteins in the chicken oviduct. A pause in egg laying was induced by food deprivation for 5 d, followed by feeding every other day, and then feeding daily from Day 10 onward. Birds were divided into three groups: control (n = 18) fed ad libitum, subjected to pause in laying (n = 18), and subjected to pause in laying and injected every day with 200 μg/kg BW of chicken GH (chGH; n = 18)...
May 8, 2017: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551418/metabolomic-and-physico-chemical-approach-unravel-dynamic-regulation-of-calcium-in-sweet-cherry-fruit-physiology
#8
Michail Michailidis, Evangelos Karagiannis, Georgia Tanou, Katerina Karamanoli, Athina Lazaridou, Theodora Matsi, Athanassios Molassiotis
Calcium (Ca(2)) nutrition has a significant role in fruit physiology; however, the underlying mechanism is still unclear. In this study, fruit quality in response to CaCl2, applied via foliar sprays (Ca(2)) or/and hydro-cooling water (CaHC), was characterized in 'Lapins' cherries at harvest, just after cold storage (20 days at 0 °C) as well as after cold storage followed by 2 days at 20 °C, herein defined as shelf-life period. Data indicated that pre- and post-harvest Ca(2+) applications increased total Ca(2+) and cell wall bound Ca(2+), respectively...
May 17, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551285/insights-into-the-unique-torpor-of-botrylloides-leachi-a-colonial-urochordate
#9
Hyams Yosef, Paz Guy, Rabinowitz Claudette, Rinkevich Baruch
Rough environmental conditions make the survival of many multi-cellular organisms almost impossible, enforcing behavioral, morphological, physiological and reproductive rejoinders that can cope with harsh times and hostile environments, frequently through down-regulation of metabolism into basal states of dormancy, or torpor. This study examines one of the most unique torpor strategies seen within the phylum Chordata, exhibited by the colonial urochordate Botrylloides leachi, which enters a state of hibernation or aestivation in response to thermal stress, during which all of its functional colonial units (zooids) are entirely absorbed and the colony survives as small remnants of the vasculature, lacking both feeding and reproduction organs...
May 24, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551263/identification-of-a-chicken-gallus-gallus-endogenous-reference-gene-actb-and-its-application-in-meat-adulteration
#10
Wenjin Xiang, Ying Shang, Qin Wang, Yuancong Xu, Pengyu Zhu, Kunlun Huang, Wentao Xu
The genes commonly used to determine meat species are mainly mitochondrial, but the copy numbers of such genes are high, meaning they cannot be accurately quantified. In this paper, for the first time, the chromosomal gene Actb was selected as an endogenous reference gene for chicken species. It was assayed in four different chicken varieties and 16 other species using both qualitative and quantitative PCR. No amplification of the Actb gene was found in species other than chicken and no allelic variations were detected in chicken...
November 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551222/quantitation-of-fumonisin-b1-and-b2-in-feed-using-fmoc-pre-column-derivatization-with-hplc-and-fluorescence-detection
#11
Lori L Smith, Kyle A Francis, Joseph T Johnson, Cynthia L Gaskill
Pre-column derivatization with 9-fluorenylmethyl chloroformate (FMOC-Cl) was determined to be effective for quantitation of fumonisins B1 and B2 in feed. Liquid-solid extraction, clean-up using immunoaffinity solid phase extraction chromatography, and FMOC-derivatization preceded analysis by reverse phase HPLC with fluorescence. Instrument response was unchanged in the presence of matrix, indicating no need to use matrix-matched calibrants. Furthermore, high method recoveries indicated calibrants do not need to undergo clean-up to account for analyte loss...
November 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551194/effects-of-shortening-the-close-up-period-length-coupled-with-increased-supply-of-metabolizable-protein-on-performance-and-metabolic-status-of-multiparous-holstein-cows
#12
T Amirabadi Farahani, H Amanlou, M Kazemi-Bonchenari
This experiment was conducted to compare conventional (CON; 21 d) and shortened (SH; 10 d) close-up period, and evaluate the effect of shortened close-up period combined with feeding different metabolizable protein (MP) levels on dry matter (DM) intake, metabolic status, and performance of dairy cows. Forty-eight multiparous Holstein cows with similar parity, body weight (BW), and previous lactation milk yield were divided into 2 groups. The first group (n = 24) received the far-off diet from -60 to -21 d (CON), and the second group (n = 24) received same far-off diet from -60 to -10 d (SH) relative to expected parturition...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551192/differences-in-liver-functionality-indexes-in-peripartal-dairy-cows-fed-rumen-protected-methionine-or-choline-are-associated-with-performance-oxidative-stress-status-and-plasma-amino-acid-profiles
#13
Z Zhou, E Trevisi, D N Luchini, J J Loor
The liver functionality index (LFI) represents an assessment of transition cow metabolic health by measuring changes in biomarkers associated with liver plasma protein synthesis (albumin), lipoprotein synthesis (cholesterol), and heme catabolism (bilirubin). The present analysis was conducted to determine the role of peripartal rumen-protected Met or choline (CHOL) supplementation on LFI groupings, and to assess relationships with performance, inflammation, oxidative stress status, and plasma AA profiles. A cohort of 40 multiparous Holstein cows that were part of a randomized complete block design with 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of Met (Smartamine M, Adisseo NA, Alpharetta, GA) and CHOL (ReaShure, Balchem Inc...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551191/a-commercial-immune-modulating-feed-additive-restores-l-selectin-and-ccl5-expression-following-dexamethasone-treatment-of-murine-immune-cells-in-a-myd88-dependent-manner
#14
R J Ortiz-Marty, A Lewandowski, J D Chapman, I Kanevsky-Mullarky
Bovine mastitis costs the dairy industry billions of dollars every year and presents a health challenge in dairy facilities. Immunosuppressive effects of the periparturient period increase the incidence of mastitis. During this time, cattle experience an elevation in circulating cortisol, which reduces polymorphonuclear cell function and ability to clear infection. OmniGen-AF (OMN; Phibro Animal Health, Teaneck, NJ) is an immunomodulatory feed additive that alters gene expression and is used to reduce rates of mastitis...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551190/clinical-trial-of-local-anesthetic-protocols-for-acute-pain-associated-with-caustic-paste-disbudding-in-dairy-calves
#15
Charlotte B Winder, Stephen J LeBlanc, Derek B Haley, Kerry D Lissemore, M Ann Godkin, Todd F Duffield
Caustic paste disbudding is becoming more commonplace in North America. A large body of work has examined pain control for cautery disbudding and surgical dehorning, but fewer studies have evaluated pain control for caustic paste disbudding, and results conflict regarding benefits of local anesthesia. In humans, the pain associated with a caustic, chemical burn can differ in nature, duration, and intensity compared with a thermal burn. The objective of this clinical trial was to evaluate the effects of either a lidocaine cornual nerve block or a topical anesthetic incorporated into caustic paste on the acute pain of caustic paste disbudding...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551179/management-practices-for-male-calves-on-canadian-dairy-farms
#16
D L Renaud, T F Duffield, S J LeBlanc, D B Haley, D F Kelton
Morbidity, mortality, and antimicrobial use and resistance are major concerns in the rearing of male dairy calves, so information to support disease prevention is important. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to describe management practices associated with the care of male calves during their first days of life on Canadian dairy farms. A survey was completed by dairy producers across Canada between March 1 and April 30, 2015. The survey included 192 questions covering producer background, farm characteristics, biosecurity practices, disease prevalence, calf health, animal welfare, lameness, milking hygiene, reproduction, and Internet and social media use...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551112/resting-state-hypothalamic-response-to-glucose-predicts-glucose-induced-attenuation-in-the-ventral-striatal-response-to-food-cues
#17
Shan Luo, A James Melrose, Hilary Dorton, Jasmin Alves, John R Monterosso, Kathleen A Page
Feeding behavior is regulated by a complex interaction of central nervous system responses to metabolic signals that reflect nutrient availability and to food cues that trigger appetitive responses. Prior work has shown that the hypothalamus is a key brain area that senses and responds to changes in metabolic signals, and exposure to food cues induces the activation of brain areas involved in reward processing. However, it is not known how hypothalamic responses to changes in metabolic state are related to reward responses to food cues...
May 24, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551065/role-of-selective-intra-arterial-embolization-in-benign-liver-tumors
#18
M D Ferrer Puchol, C La Parra Casado, A Cervera Araez, R Sala López, E Esteban Hernández, A Cremades Mira, R Ramiro Gandia
OBJECTIVE: To present cases of symptomatic benign liver tumors diagnosed and treated with intra-arterial embolization before surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We present the cases of 7 patients diagnosed with symptomatic benign liver tumors that required treatment: 1 focal nodular hyperplasia, 2 giant cavernous hemangiomas, 1 hepatic adenomatosis, and 3 hepatic adenomas. Once the feeding arteries were identified, tumors were embolized with polyvinyl alcohol particles (500μm-700μm) and then the feeding artery was plugged with coils if there was an arterial pedicle to ensure the total vascular exclusion of the tumor...
May 24, 2017: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551035/examining-the-role-of-patient-values-in-decisions-about-long-term-enteral-feeding-a-qualitative-study
#19
Sean White, Louise Brereton
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Although studies demonstrate the range of impacts of home enteral feeding (HEF) on patients' lives, a dearth of evidence focussing on the decision to have a gastrostomy placed exists. The importance of taking account of patient values (i.e. their unique preferences, concerns and expectations) when considering the consequences of clinical decisions is increasingly recognised. This study explores patient's views on the role of their values in their decision to have a gastrostomy...
May 6, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551015/salt-induced-phosphoproteomic-changes-in-the-hypothalamic-paraventricular-nucleus-in-rats-with-chronic-renal-failure
#20
Lanying Li, Jiawen Li, Lishan Tan, Minzi Qiu, Mengbi Zhang, Aiqing Li
Hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) is a cardiovascular regulating center within the brain, which plays a critical role in high salt-induced progression of chronic renal failure (CRF). However, the phosphoproteomic changes in the PVN caused by CRF remain unclear. This study aimed to perform large-scale phosphoproteomic analysis of PVN induced by CRF and high salt intake. In this study, eight weeks post 5/6 nephrectomy (CRF model) or sham operation, Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a high-salt (4%) or normal-salt (0...
May 24, 2017: Brain Research
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