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anisakis simplex

Mohammad Qasim Khan, Jonathan Williams
A 51-year-old woman presented with epigastric pain, vomiting and diarrhoea. Her sister was recently diagnosed with duodenal adenocarcinoma, manifesting similar symptoms. Imaging revealed thickened gastric antrum with enlarged local lymph nodes. Endoscopy illustrated 3 worms embedded in the antral wall, identified as Anisakis simplex larvae. Larvae removal and a 2-week albendazole regimen treated the symptoms. With globalisation of cultural culinary practices, physicians must be vigilant of anisakidosis. Its ability to mimic peptic ulcer disease, chronic gastritis and malignancy necessitates broader differential diagnoses and lower thresholds for endoscopy...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Antonella Costa, Gaetano Cammilleri, Stefania Graci, Maria Drussilla Buscemi, Mirella Vazzana, Deborah Principato, Giuseppe Giangrosso, Vincenzo Ferrantelli
In this study, 1029 fish and cephalopod samples came from Central-Western Mediterranean (FAO 37.1.1 and FAO 37.1.3) were analysed for Anisakidae larvae research with the aim to identify possible hybridisations between Anisakis pegreffii and Anisakis simplex s.s. species. A total of 1765 larvae were detected, with prevalence values between 8.1% and 100%. The morphologic analysis revealed characters attributable to morphotype I of Anisakis in 98.5% of the examined larvae, while 1.5% belonged to the morphotype II...
December 2016: Parasitology International
Arne Levsen, Michela Paoletti, Paolo Cipriani, Giuseppe Nascetti, Simonetta Mattiucci
Capelin (Mallotus villosus) is among the most abundant fish species in the Barents Sea, and represents a critical food source for many predators in the area including Atlantic cod and harp seal. In Norway, the fish is of economic importance since whole capelin and roe are valuable export products. Despite its economic and ecological importance, the parasites of Barents Sea capelin are poorly known. However, the presence of parasites in the edible parts may adversely affect product quality and consumer safety...
November 2016: Parasitology Research
Fiona J Baird, Xiaopei Su, Ibukun Aibinu, Matthew J Nolan, Hiromu Sugiyama, Domenico Otranto, Andreas L Lopata, Cinzia Cantacessi
BACKGROUND: Food-borne nematodes of the genus Anisakis are responsible for a wide range of illnesses (= anisakiasis), from self-limiting gastrointestinal forms to severe systemic allergic reactions, which are often misdiagnosed and under-reported. In order to enhance and refine current diagnostic tools for anisakiasis, knowledge of the whole spectrum of parasite molecules transcribed and expressed by this parasite, including those acting as potential allergens, is necessary. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In this study, we employ high-throughput (Illumina) sequencing and bioinformatics to characterise the transcriptomes of two Anisakis species, A...
July 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
J Barbarroja-Escudero, M J Sanchez-Gonzalez, D Antolin-Amerigo, M Rodriguez-Rodriguez, M Alvarez-Mon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
Amirah Amir, Romano Ngui, Wan Hafiz Wan Ismail, Kum T Wong, Jaxinthe S K Ong, Yvonne A L Lim, Yee-Ling Lau, Rohela Mahmud
Human anisakiasis is a zoonosis acquired by eating raw or undercooked infected seafood. Herein, we report a case of acute dysentery caused by anisakiasis in a 64-year-old man in Malaysia. A colonoscopy was performed and a nematode larva was found penetrating the mucosa of the ascending colon. Bleeding was observed at the site of penetration. Y-shaped lateral epidermal cords were seen from the cross section of the worm, which is a prominent feature of Anisakis larva. Molecular analysis using polymerase chain reaction of cytochrome oxidase 2 (cox2) gene confirmed the specimen to be larva of Anisakis simplex...
August 3, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Magdalena Gómez-Mateos, Adela Valero, Manuel Morales-Yuste, Joaquina Martín-Sánchez
Our study determined parameters of parasitization of Anisakis simplex s.l. in Micromesistius poutassou in a confluence zone of the Atlantic and Mediterranean, with a total prevalence of 82%. Also, in the three seasons analyzed, high prevalence's values were found, reaching 100% in spring; however mean intensity and abundance values were higher in winter. The use of molecular techniques to differentiate between Anisakis genotypes of the larvae characterized allowed obtaining values of 99.7% Anisakis simplex s...
September 2, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Thea Magrone, Graziana Ianniello, Rosalba Buquicchio, Vito Galantino, Emilio Jirillo, Maria Teresa Ventura
Anisakiasis is a zoonosis due to infection with the nematode Anisakis (A.) simplex. Humans represent an accidental host after ingesting raw fish infected with A. simplex. A. simplex larvae lead to a robust host immune response mostly at gastro-intestinal level and, usually, T helper (h)2 lymphocytes play a protective against this nematode. However, larvae can elude immunity triggering activation of T regulatory (Treg) cells, which, in turn, suppress Th2 responses via production of interleukin (IL)-10. According to our own experience in the area of Bari (south Italy) where anisakiasis is endemic, chronic urticaria (CU) is very often associated to A...
May 6, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
Ki-Hoon Lee, Shin Young Park, Sang-Do Ha
Koreans consume much seafood; the country is surrounded on the east, west and south by the sea. Koreans have eaten raw sashimi for a long time. However, a concern in the raw sea food industry is that the parasitic nematode Anisakis simplex L3 occurs naturally in marine fish. Thus, the fishery industry needs a non-thermal processing method. High hydrostatic pressure (HPP) has been demonstrated to be effective. White spotted conger flesh containing 20 live larvae was exposed to different pressures (150 and 200 MPa for 1 and 5 min; 250 and 300 MPa each for 1 min)...
June 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Yuya Nogami, Yoko Fujii-Nishimura, Kouji Banno, Atsushi Suzuki, Nobuyuki Susumu, Taizo Hibi, Koji Murakami, Taketo Yamada, Hiromu Sugiyama, Yasuyuki Morishima, Daisuke Aoki
BACKGROUND: We report two cases of anisakiasis lesions that were initially suspected to be recurrence of gynecological cancer by positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT). Both cases were extragastrointestinal anisakiasis that is very rare. CASE PRESENTATION: The first case was a patient with endometrial cancer. At 19 months after surgery, a new low density area of 2 cm in diameter in liver segment 4 was found on follow-up CT. In PET-CT, the lesion had abnormal (18)fluoro-deoxyglucose (FDG) uptake with elevation in the delayed phase, with no other site showing FDG uptake...
2016: BMC Medical Imaging
Christiane Kruse Fæste, Karen R Jonscher, Maaike M W B Dooper, Wolfgang Egge-Jacobsen, Anders Moen, Alvaro Daschner, Eliann Egaas, Uwe Christians
The parasitic nematode Anisakis simplex occurs in fish stocks in temperate seas. A. simplex contamination of fish products is unsavoury and a health concern considering human infection with live larvae (anisakiasis) and allergic reactions to anisakid proteins in seafood. Protein extracts of A. simplex produce complex band patterns in gel electrophoresis and IgE-immunostaining. In the present study potential allergens have been characterised using sera from A. simplex-sensitised patients and proteome data obtained by mass spectrometry...
September 2014: EuPA Open Proteomics
Regina Klapper, Judith Kochmann, Robert B O'Hara, Horst Karl, Thomas Kuhn
The use of parasites as biological tags for discrimination of fish stocks has become a commonly used approach in fisheries management. Metazoan parasite community analysis and anisakid nematode population genetics based on a mitochondrial cytochrome marker were applied in order to assess the usefulness of the two parasitological methods for stock discrimination of beaked redfish Sebastes mentella of three fishing grounds in the North East Atlantic. Multivariate, model-based approaches demonstrated that the metazoan parasite fauna of beaked redfish from East Greenland differed from Tampen, northern North Sea, and Bear Island, Barents Sea...
2016: PloS One
Noelia Carballeda-Sangiao, Ana I Rodríguez-Mahillo, Mercedes Careche, Alfonso Navas, Teresa Caballero, Javier Dominguez-Ortega, Jesús Jurado-Palomo, Miguel González-Muñoz
BACKGROUND: Anisakis simplex is a fish parasite responsible for gastrointestinal and allergic symptoms in humans. The Ani s 11-like protein has been proposed as an Anisakis allergen because its primary structure is similar to that of Ani s 11. The aims of this work were to analyse the frequency of detection of the Ani s 11-like protein and assess its diagnostic value. METHODS: rAni s 11-like protein, rAni s 5 and rAni s 4 were expressed in Escherichia coli and rAni s 1 was produced in Pichia pastoris...
2016: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
S Mattiucci, V Acerra, M Paoletti, P Cipriani, A Levsen, S C Webb, D Canestrelli, G Nascetti
A multi-marker nuclear genotyping approach was performed on larval and adult specimens of Anisakis spp. (N = 689) collected from fish and cetaceans in allopatric and sympatric areas of the two species Anisakis pegreffii and Anisakis simplex (s. s.), in order to: (1) identify specimens belonging to the parental taxa by using nuclear markers (allozymes loci) and sequence analysis of a new diagnostic nuclear DNA locus (i.e. partial sequence of the EF1 α-1 nDNA region) and (2) recognize hybrid categories. According to the Bayesian clustering algorithms, based on those markers, most of the individuals (N = 678) were identified as the parental species [i...
July 2016: Parasitology
Gabriela Picó-Durán, Lorena Pulleiro-Potel, Elvira Abollo, Santiago Pascual, Pilar Muñoz
This study aims to investigate the occurrence of nematode larvae in commercial cephalopods in the Western Mediterranean Sea. A total of 202 animals comprising 123 broadtail shortfin squid (Illex coindetii), 34 European squid (Loligo vulgaris) and 45 common octopus (Octopus vulgaris) were examined using enzymatic digestion. A total of 31 larvae were isolated (prevalence: 14.6%) and identified using molecular analyses which included PCR and sequencing of the ITS (ITS1-5.8S rDNA-ITS2) region. Phylogenetic tree inferred from ITS sequences yielded supported relationships for Anisakis (P: 12...
April 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
Hamed H Kassem, Salem Mohamed Bowashi
This study examined eight hundred ninety six marine fishes belonging to nine different fish species; Synodus saurus; Merluccius merluccius; Trachurus mediterraneus; Serranus cabrilla; Mullus surmuletus; Diplodus annularis; Spicara maena; Siganus rirulatus and Liza ramada. The fishes were bought from fish markets at five different sites on Libyan coast, from January to December 2013, for study the anisakids larvae among them. The results showed that 344/896 fishes (38.4%) were infected with Anisakids larvae...
December 2015: Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology
Yasmin Abou-Rahma, Rewaida Abdel-Gaber, Amira Kamal Ahmed
The prevalence of infection and the identification of anisakid larvae in European hake Merluccius merluccius lessepsianus from Hurghada City, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, were investigated. Fish samples were collected during the period of February and November 2014. Twenty-two (36.66%) out of sixty examined fish specimens were found to be naturally infected with Anisakis type I larvae mostly found as encapsulated larvae in visceral organs. There was a positive relationship between host length/weight and prevalence of infection...
2016: Journal of Parasitology Research
Hao-Yuan Luo, Hui-Yu Chen, Hui-Guan Chen, Hsiu-Hui Shih
Hagfish are the most primitive craniates and scavengers, feeding on dead organisms as well as fish and invertebrates. Hagfish play an important ecological role in recycling nutrients, helping to recycle biomass from the upper water column. We investigated 265 specimens of four hagfish species, including Eptatretus burgeri, Eptatretus yangi, Eptatretus sheni and Eptatretus taiwanae from northeastern Taiwanese waters of the northwestern Pacific from November 2013 to June 2014. Eight species of Anisakid nematodes were identified: Anisakis pegreffii, Anisakis simplex s...
March 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
Enrico Heffler, Maria Eva Sberna, Stefania Sichili, Rossella Intravaia, Giuliana Nicolosi, Morena Porto, Maria Teresa Liuzzo, Giuseppe Picardi, Silvia Fichera, Nunzio Crimi
BACKGROUND: Anisakis simplex can elicit allergic reactions when ingested in raw or marinated fish. The prevalence of A simplex hypersensitivity and allergy in Sicily (Italy), an area where the consumption of raw or marinated fish is very common, has not been investigated thus far. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of A simplex sensitization and its clinical relevance in a large group of unselected patients. METHODS: All consecutive patients referred to the authors' allergy clinic during a 22 month-period were included in the study, evaluated for sensitization to A simplex and other allergens depending on their clinical history, and investigated for allergic symptoms after the ingestion of raw or marinated fish...
February 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Christiane Kruse Fæste, Anders Moen, Björn Schniedewind, Jan Haug Anonsen, Jelena Klawitter, Uwe Christians
The parasite Anisakis simplex is present in many marine fish species that are directly used as food or in processed products. The anisakid larvae infect mostly the gut and inner organs of fish but have also been shown to penetrate into the fillet. Thus, human health can be at risk, either by contracting anisakiasis through the consumption of raw or under-cooked fish, or by sensitisation to anisakid proteins in processed food. A number of different methods for the detection of A. simplex in fish and products thereof have been developed, including visual techniques and PCR for larvae tracing, and immunological assays for the determination of proteins...
February 5, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
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