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Risk factors for hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156411/relationship-between-carotid-artery-sclerosis-and-blood-pressure-variability-in-essential-hypertension-patients
#1
Xianglin Chi, Min Li, Xia Zhan, Honghao Man, Shunliang Xu, Dingchang Zheng, Jianzhong Bi, Yingcui Wang, Chengyu Liu
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the presence of carotid arteriosclerosis (CAS) and blood pressure variability (BPV) in patients with essential hypertension. METHODS: One hundred and forty four essential hypertension patients underwent ambulatory BP monitoring for 24h after hospitalization. Common BPV metrics were calculated. General clinical parameters, including age, gender, height, weight, history of coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes, hypertension, smoking and drink, were recorded...
March 18, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155799/risk-of-prevalent-and-incident-dementia-associated-with-insulin-like-growth-factor-and-insulin-like-growth-factor-binding-protein-3
#2
O P Almeida, G J Hankey, B B Yeap, S A Paul Chubb, J Gollege, L Flicker
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) influences cell proliferation and survival. In the extracellular environment, IGF-1 circulates bound to proteins (IGF-binding proteins; IGFBP), some of which have physiological effects that seem independent of IGF-1, including the brain (for example, IGFBP-3). We completed a systematic review of the association between dementia and IGF-1 and IGFBP-3, and a cross-sectional and longitudinal study designed to investigate if lower plasma concentration of these proteins increased the risk of prevalent and incident dementia...
July 25, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155503/relatives-in-silent-kidney-disease-screening-risks-study-a-chinese-cohort-study
#3
Philip Kam-Tao Li, Jack Kit-Chung Ng, Yuk Lun Cheng, Tze Hoi Kwan, Chi Bon Leung, Miu Fong Lau, Koon Shing Choi, Samuel Ka-Shun Fung, Yiu Wing Ho, Siu Ka Mak, Sydney Chi-Wai Tang, Kin Shing Wong, David Yong, Sing Leung Lui
AIM: Family members of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have higher risk for chronic kidney disease (CKD). Limited study has examined the risk of developing CKD in relatives of patients in earlier stages of CKD. METHODS: From January 2008 to June 2009, the Hong Kong Society of Nephrology studied first-degree relatives of stage 1-5 CKD patients from 11 local hospitals. A total of 844 relatives of 466 index CKD patients (stages 1-2: 29.6%; stage 3: 16...
December 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155497/clinical-and-pathological-factors-associated-with-progression-of-diabetic-nephropathy
#4
REVIEW
Shuang Liang, Guang-Yan Cai, Xiang-Mei Chen
As an important complication of diabetic mellitus, diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is becoming a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Given the diminished quality of life and the economic cost, identification of the risk factors for DKD and initiation of in-time therapies are of great importance. The initiators of DKD include hyperglycemia and predisposing genes, while the promotors of DKD include hyperglycemia, albuminuria, hypertension, dyslipdemia, insulin resistance, anemia, long duration of diabetes, smoking, ethnicity, westernization, sex, age, and so on...
December 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155116/the-effect-of-steroids-on-complications-readmission-and-reoperation-after-posterior-lumbar-fusion
#5
Michael B Cloney, Roxanna M Garcia, Zachary A Smith, Nader S Dahdaleh
BACKGROUND DATA: The effects of chronic corticosteroid therapy on complications, readmission, and reoperation after posterior lumbar fusion (PLF) remains under-investigated and was examined to determine differences in outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed patients from 2006 to 2013 using the National Surgery Quality Improvement Program database (NSQIP) undergoing PLF. Patients taking steroids for a chronic condition were compared to those not taking steroids. Multivariable regression identified factors independently associated with complications, readmission, and reoperation...
November 15, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154273/association-between-%C3%AE-klotho-and-deep-white-matter-lesions-in-the-brain-a-pilot-case-control-study-using-brain-mri
#6
Nagato Kuriyama, Etsuko Ozaki, Toshiki Mizuno, Masafumi Ihara, Shigeto Mizuno, Teruhide Koyama, Daisuke Matsui, Isao Watanabe, Kentaro Akazawa, Kazuo Takeda, Akihiro Takada, Masaaki Inaba, Shinsuke Yamada, Koka Motoyama, Wakiko Takeshita, Komei Iwai, Kanae Hashiguchi, Daiki Kobayashi, Masaki Kondo, Aiko Tamura, Kei Yamada, Masanori Nakagawa, Yoshiyuki Watanabe
BACKGROUND: The anti-aging protein, α-Klotho, may be involved in cognitive decline and has potential as a surrogate marker that reflects dementia. However, the role of α-Klotho in the brain has not been sufficiently investigated. OBJECTIVE: Here, we investigated the association between α-Klotho and cognitive decline that is associated with cerebral deep white matter lesions (DWMLs). METHODS: Two hundred-eighty participants (187 males and 93 females, mean age: 70...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153689/changes-in-echocardiographic-parameters-and-hypertensive-disorders-in-pregnancies-of-women-with-aortic-coarctation
#7
Hiroshi Sato, Chizuko A Kamiya, Masami Sawada, Chinami Horiuchi, Mitsuhiro Tsuritani, Naoko Iwanaga, Hideo Ohuchi, Isao Shiraishi, Hajime Ichikawa, Jun Yoshimatsu
OBJECTIVES: Pregnancy can be well tolerated after the repair of aortic coarctation. However, a higher incidence of hypertensive disorders during these pregnancies was reported. We analyzed the perinatal changes in echocardiographic parameters in women with aortic coarctation and investigated the risk factors of gestational hypertension (GH). METHODS: We retrospectively identified 15 pregnancies in nine Japanese women with aortic coarctation between 1982 and 2015...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153686/progression-of-gestational-hypertension-to-pre-eclampsia-a-cohort-study-of-20-103-pregnancies
#8
Kuo-Hu Chen, Kok-Min Seow, Li-Ru Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate previously un-identified risk factors for the progression of gestational hypertension (GH) to pre-eclampsia (PE) by considering Grade III preterm placental calcification (PPC) and excessive weight gain (≧10kgw) at 28weeks gestation. METHODS: At a tertiary teaching hospital, obstetric ultrasonography was performed at 28weeks gestation to establish a diagnosis of grade III PPC. Weight gain during pregnancy was recorded at the same time...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153677/the-efficacy-of-peripartum-transthoracic-echocardiography-in-women-with-preeclampsia
#9
Sae Kyung Choi, Jong Chul Shin, Yong Gyu Park, In Yang Park, Ji Young Kwon, Hyun Sun Ko, Yeon Hee Kim
OBJECTIVE: To examine the features and efficacy of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in preeclampsia. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 145 pregnant women with preeclampsia, who underwent TTE at Seoul St. Mary's Hospital between July 2006 and June 2016. We analyzed echocardiographic features in preeclampsia and the relationship between the severity of preeclampsia and TTE findings. Additionally, we examined the predictive echocardiographic factors of persistent hypertension and calculated the adjusted odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for multiple regression models by considering systolic and diastolic blood pressure and pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI)...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153674/labor-therapeutics-and-bmi-as-risk-factors-for-postpartum-preeclampsia-a-case-control-study
#10
Geraldine Skurnik, Shelley Hurwitz, Thomas F McElrath, Lawrence C Tsen, Stacey Duey, Aditi R Saxena, Ananth Karumanchi, Janet W Rich-Edwards, Ellen W Seely
OBJECTIVES: This study aims at identifying associations between therapeutics used during labor and the occurrence of postpartum preeclampsia (PPPE), a poorly understood entity. STUDY DESIGN AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: This is a case-control study of women who received an ICD-9 code for PPPE (cases) during the years 2009-2011, compared to women with a normotensive term pregnancy, delivery and postpartum period until discharge (controls), matched on age (±1year) and delivery date (±3months)...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153668/outcomes-and-mortality-in-parturient-and-non-parturient-patients-with-peripartum-cardiomyopathy-a-national-readmission-database-study
#11
Nisha Chhabra, Atul Gupta, Rachna Chibber, Mohammed Minhaj, Jennifer Hofer, Ariel Mueller, Avery Tung, Michael O'Connor, Barbara Scavone, Sarosh Rana, Sajid Shahul
BACKGROUND: Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) affects young females and mortality occurs after the peripartum period. Hospital readmissions for patients discharged with PPCM are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate differences in readmission rates, risk factors, and mortality in women with PPCM. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project 2013 National Readmissions Database. From the database, we selected patients with PPCM to include patients discharged between January and November 2013...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153666/prevalence-risk-factors-and-associated-complications-of-postpartum-hypertension-in-rural-haiti
#12
Eleanor Kang, Rebekah Sugarman, Hadi Ramadan, Ariel Mueller, Sana Shahul, Joana Lopes Perdigao, David Jean Louis, Rulx Narcisse, Herriot Sannon, Laura Magee, Sarosh Rana
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of hypertensive disorders during pregnancy is high in developing countries such as Haiti, however little is known about postpartum hypertension (PPHTN). METHODS: This is a prospective study done at Hospital Albert Schweitzer in rural Haiti among pregnant women age 18 or older who were admitted for labor. Blood pressures were collected before and after delivery and medical charts were reviewed to gather delivery characteristics and fetal/neonatal outcomes...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153663/prognostic-model-for-chronic-hypertension-in-women-with-a-history-of-hypertensive-pregnancy-disorders-at-term
#13
V S Visser, W Hermes, J Twisk, A Franx, M G van Pampus, C Koopmans, B W J Mol, C J M de Groot
INTRODUCTION: The association between hypertensive pregnancy disorders and cardiovascular disease later in life is well described. In this study we aim to develop a prognostic model from patients characteristics known before, early in, during and after pregnancy to identify women at increased risk of cardiovascular disease e.g. chronic hypertension years after pregnancy complicated by hypertension at term. METHODS: We included women with a history of singleton pregnancy complicated by hypertension at term...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153659/a-simple-clinical-method-to-identify-women-at-higher-risk-of-preeclampsia
#14
Effie Viguiliouk, Alison L Park, Howard Berger, Michael P Geary, Joel G Ray
An outstanding issue is how to efficiently identify women at high risk of preeclampsia. This retrospective cohort study included 8672 pregnancies at a single centre in Toronto. We tested our simple method - presence vs. absence of≥1 major (pre-pregnancy BMI>30kg/m(2), chronic hypertension, pre-pregnancy diabetes mellitus and assisted reproductive therapy) or≥2 minor (prior stillbirth, age>40years, nulliparity, multifetal pregnancy, chronic kidney disease, and SLE) risk factors for PE. The RR of PE was 8...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153383/understanding-hypertension-in-the-light-of-ayurveda
#15
REVIEW
Maanasi Menon, Akhilesh Shukla
Different theories have been proposed to explain hypertension from an Ayurvedic perspective, but there is no consensus amongst the experts. A better understanding of the applied physiology and etio-pathogenesis of hypertension in the light of Ayurvedic principles is being attempted to fill this gap. A detailed review of available Ayurvedic literature was carried out to understand the physiology of blood pressure and etio-pathogenesis of hypertension from the perspective of Ayurveda. Many parallels were drawn from the concepts such as Shad Kriyakala (six stages of Dosha imbalance) and Avarana of Doshas (occlusion in the normal functioning of the Doshas) to the modern pathogenesis of hypertension to gain a deeper understanding of it...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153124/nutrition-label-use-and-sodium-intake-in-the-u-s
#16
Donglan Zhang, Yan Li, Guijing Wang, Andrew E Moran, José A Pagán
INTRODUCTION: High sodium intake is a major risk factor for hypertension, but evidence is limited on which interventions are effective in reducing sodium consumption. This study examined the associations between frequent use of nutrition labels and daily sodium intake and the consumption of high-sodium foods in the U.S. METHODS: Using the 2007-2008 and 2009-2010 Flexible Consumer Behavior Survey, this study compared sodium intake measured from the 24-hour dietary recalls, availability of salty snacks at home, and frequencies of eating frozen meals/pizzas between frequent (i...
December 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153119/annual-total-medical-expenditures-associated-with-hypertension-by-diabetes-status-in-u-s-adults
#17
Guijing Wang, Xilin Zhou, Xiaohui Zhuo, Ping Zhang
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension and diabetes, both independent risk factors for cardiovascular disease, often coexist. The hypertension-increased medical expenditures by diabetes status is unclear, however. This study estimated annual total medical expenditures in U.S. adults by hypertension and diabetes status. METHODS: The study population consisted of 40,746 civilian, non-institutionalized adults aged ≥18 years who participated in the 2013 or 2014 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey...
December 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152763/diabetes-metabolic-comorbidities-and-risk-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-results-from-two-prospective-cohort-studies
#18
Tracey G Simon, Lindsay Y King, Dawn Q Chong, Long Nguyen, Yanan Ma, Trang VoPham, Edward L Giovannucci, Charles S Fuchs, Jeffrey A Meyerhardt, Kathleen E Corey, Hamed Khalili, Raymond T Chung, Xuehong Zhang, Andrew T Chan
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, it is unknown whether T2D duration or additional metabolic comorbidities further contribute to HCC risk. METHODS: From the Nurses' Health Study (NHS), 120,826 women were enrolled in 1980, and from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS), 50,284 men were enrolled in 1986, and followed through 2012. Physician-diagnosed T2D was ascertained at baseline and updated biennially...
November 20, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152243/effect-of-pomegranate-extract-on-blood-pressure-and-anthropometry-in-adults-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomised-clinical-trial
#19
A Stockton, G Farhat, Gordon J McDougall, E A S Al-Dujaili
Pomegranate (Punica granatum), a polyphenol-rich fruit, has been suggested to reduce cardiovascular risk due to its antioxidant properties. Hypertension and obesity are the most preventable cardiovascular risk factors. Few studies on blood pressure and/or body-weight status have been conducted in human subjects. Previous investigations have tended to focus on pomegranate juice. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of pomegranate extract (PE) on blood pressure and anthropometric measures in adults with no symptomatic disease...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151306/evaluation-of-risk-factors-for-the-recurrence-of-colorectal-polyps-and-colorectal-cancer
#20
Öztürk Ateş, Bülent Sivri, Saadettin Kılıçkap
Background/aim: Colorectal adenomatous polyps are precursors of colorectal cancer (CRC), which can be prevented with surveillance colonoscopy. This study aimed to assess risk factors for the recurrence of colorectal polyps and CRC following polypectomy. Materials and methods: In this single-center trial, a total of 510 patients who applied to the endoscopy unit of Hacettepe University Hospital for various reasons and who were diagnosed with at least one colorectal adenomatous polyp between 2000 and 2010 were retrospectively analyzed...
November 13, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
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