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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793019/factors-predicting-non-compliance-with-follow-up-after-endovascular-aneurysm-repair
#1
Timothy P Shiraev, Elif Durur, David A Robinson
PURPOSE: Although the potential for complications following endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) mandates lifetime follow-up, non-compliance with follow-up has been shown to be as high as 57%. We sought to investigate the incidence of non-compliance with follow up in our patient population and to identify risk factors associated with this, in order to allow implementation of targeted strategies to prevent loss to follow up. METHODOLOGY: We carried out a review of consecutive patients undergoing EVAR at two Sydney hospitals between 1995 and 2015...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792847/the-polymorphisms-of-atoh-7-et-1-and-ace-in-non-arteritic-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy
#2
Ting Chen, Jin Ma, Guangliang Shan, Yong Zhong
Non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is a common cause of acute optic neuropathy in the elderly. The role of the genetic polymorphisms of Atonal Homolog 7 (ATOH7), Endothelin-1 (ET-1) and Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) in NAION and the combined effects of the gene-gene and gene-medical comorbidities on NAION were not clear. We conducted a perspective, case-control study. 71 NAION patients and 142 age and sex-matched healthy controls were enrolled. Single nucleotide polymorphisms of ATOH7 (rs1900004), ET-1 (rs5370) and ACE (rs1799752) were identified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method and all PCR products were screened with Sanger sequencing...
May 21, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792524/managing-comorbid-cardiovascular-disease-and-sleep-apnea-with-pharmacotherapy
#3
Jacek Wolf, Krzysztof Narkiewicz
Highly prevalent sleep disordered breathing (SDB) has been recognized as an independent cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor. Although these two entities often coexist, there is a shortage of sufficiently-powered studies testing the interplay between the course of sleep apnea and CVD pharmacotherapy. The mutual relationship between treated/untreated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with ongoing cardiovascular pharmacotherapies is an evident gap in clinical expertise. Areas covered: In this article, the authors review the available evidence and outline future research directions concerning the reciprocal relationship between the pharmacological treatment of CVD and SDB...
May 24, 2018: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792302/blood-pressure-patterns-and-subsequent-coronary-artery-calcification-in-women-who-delivered-preterm-births
#4
Janet M Catov, Gabrielle G Snyder, Abigail Fraser, Cora E Lewis, Kiang Liu, Andrew D Althouse, Marnie Bertolet, Erica P Gunderson
Women who delivered preterm infants have excess cardiovascular disease, but vascular pathways linking these conditions are not understood. We considered that higher blood pressure over 25 years among women with preterm delivery may be associated with coronary artery calcification (CAC). The CARDIA study (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) enrolled 1049 black and white women with births between 1985 and 2010 (n=272 ever preterm [<37 weeks]; n=777 all term births [≥37 weeks]). Latent mixture modeling identified blood pressure trajectories across 20 years, and these were related to CAC at years 20 and 25...
May 23, 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792262/chronic-kidney-disease-as-a-cardiovascular-risk-factor-lessons-from-kidney-donors
#5
REVIEW
Anna M Price, Nicola C Edwards, Manvir K Hayer, William E Moody, Richard P Steeds, Charles J Ferro, Jonathan N Townend
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease but is often associated with other risks such as diabetes and hypertension and can be both a cause and an effect of cardiovascular disease. Although epidemiologic data of an independent association of reduced glomerular filtration rate with cardiovascular risk are strong, causative mechanisms are unclear. Living kidney donors provide a useful model for assessing the "pure" effects of reduced kidney function on the cardiovascular system...
May 9, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791982/-management-of-intrahepatic-duct-stone
#6
REVIEW
Sang Woo Cha
Intrahepatic duct (IHD) stone is the presence of calculi within the intrahepatic bile duct specifically located proximal to the confluence of the left and right hepatic ducts. This stone is characterized by its intractable nature and frequent recurrence, requiring multiple therapeutic interventions. Without proper treatment, biliary strictures and retained stones can lead to repeated episodes of cholangitis, liver abscesses, secondary biliary cirrhosis, portal hypertension, and death from sepsis or hepatic failure...
May 25, 2018: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791465/predictors-of-subclinical-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-middle-aged-women
#7
Isly L de Barros, Laura Costa, Bento Bezerra, Rafael Gomes, Natanael Morais, Célia M C Strunz, Moacir Novaes, Otávio C E Gebara, Rodrigo Pinto Pedrosa, José C Nicolau
BACKGROUND: Traditional strategies for primary cardiovascular prevention have been insufficient in reducing the high rates of coronary ischemic events in women, probably because these women are often stratified into low-risk groups. However, cardiovascular diseases continue to be the main cause of morbidity and mortality in women worldwide. We hypothesized that carotid atherosclerosis (CA) is common in middle-aged women. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated asymptomatic peri- and post-menopausal women with no cardiovascular diseases or the use of hormone therapy from two gynecologic clinics...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791455/national-patterns-of-physician-management-of-sleep-apnea-and-treatment-among-patients-with-hypertension
#8
Rebecca Robbins, Azizi Seixas, Girardin Jean-Louis, Sairam Parthasarathy, David M Rapoport, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Joseph A Ladapo
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep apnea is associated with hypertension, and treatment may improve outcomes. We examine national burden of sleep apnea, rates of sleep apnea treatment, and whether racial/ethnic disparities exist among patients with hypertension. METHODS: Data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey/National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS/NHAMCS), 2005-2012, were analyzed (N = 417,950). We identified hypertension patient visits where sleep apnea diagnosis or complaint was recorded...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790793/increased-arterial-stiffness-similar-findings-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-without-prior-hypertension-or-diabetes-and-in-patients-with-well-controlled-hypertension
#9
Radovan Prijić, Vedran Premužić, Marko Brinar, Željko Krznarić, Bojan Jelaković, Silvija Čuković-Čavka
PURPOSE: Chronic inflammatory diseases are related with earlier onset of atherosclerosis. We hypothesized that inflammatory bowel disease patients with chronic, systemic inflammation have an increased arterial stiffness associated with the disease duration. Also, we wanted to compare arterial stiffness markers between inflammatory bowel disease and well-controlled hypertension patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 89 inflammatory bowel disease patients (60 patients with Crohn's disease and 29 patients with ulcerative colitis, age range 20-64 years) without history of arterial hypertension or diabetes were enrolled and age matched with a control group of patients (73 patients, age range 25-69 years, 41 (56...
May 23, 2018: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790110/prevalence-of-hyperuricemia-and-its-associated-factors-in-the-general-korean-population-an-analysis-of-a-population-based-nationally-representative-sample
#10
Yunkyung Kim, Jihun Kang, Geun-Tae Kim
Hyperuricemia is not only a risk factor for gout but also an independent determinant of hypertension, diabetes, and chronic kidney diseases. Although the incidence of gout in Korean adults is increasing, epidemiologic studies on hyperuricemia in the general Korean population are limited. Thus, this study aimed at evaluating the prevalence of hyperuricemia and its associated factors among non-institutionalized Korean adults. The present study included 5548 participants (2403 men and 3145 women) aged ≥ 19 years from The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789969/identification-of-risk-factors-for-toxicity-in-patients-with-hormone-receptor-positive-advanced-breast-cancer-treated-with-bevacizumab-plus-letrozole-a-calgb-40503-alliance-correlative-study
#11
Daneng Li, Linda M McCall, Olwen M Hahn, Clifford A Hudis, Harvey J Cohen, Hyman B Muss, Aminah Jatoi, Jacqueline M Lafky, Karla V Ballman, Eric P Winer, Debu Tripathy, Bryan Schneider, William Barry, Maura N Dickler, Arti Hurria
BACKGROUND: In hormone receptor-positive advanced breast cancer, a progression-free survival benefit was reported with addition of bevacizumab to first-line letrozole. However, increased toxicity was observed. We hypothesized that functional age measures could be used to identify patients at risk for toxicity while receiving letrozole plus bevacizumab for hormone receptor-positive advanced breast cancer. METHODS: CALGB 40503 was a phase III trial that enrolled patients with hormone receptor-positive advanced breast cancer randomized to letrozole with or without bevacizumab...
May 22, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789902/association-of-plasma-pentraxin-3-levels-with-coronary-risk-factors-and-the-lipid-profile-a-cross-sectional-study-in-japanese-patients-with-stable-angina-pectoris
#12
Tetsuji Morishita, Hiroyasu Uzui, Akira Nakano, Yoshitomo Fukuoka, Hiroyuki Ikeda, Naoki Amaya, Kenichi Kaseno, Kentaro Ishida, Jong-Dae Lee, Hiroshi Tada
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationships among the traditional risk factors, lipid profile, and pentraxin-3 in stable angina (SAP). Plasma pentraxin-3 and serum LDL, HDL, and high-sensitivity CRP levels were measured in 163 SAP and 28 non-coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. Their relationships with five risk factors, hypertension (HT), dyslipidemia (DL), diabetes mellitus (DM), obesity (body mass index: BMI > 25 kg/m2 ), and high age (> 75 years), were evaluated. No significant difference was observed in the pentraxin-3 level between patients in SAP and in non-CAD [2...
May 22, 2018: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789037/a-comparison-of-statistical-and-machine-learning-techniques-in-evaluating-the-association-between-dietary-patterns-and-10-year-cardiometabolic-risk-2002-2012-the-attica-study
#13
Dimitris Panaretos, Efi Koloverou, Alexandros C Dimopoulos, Georgia-Maria Kouli, Malvina Vamvakari, George Tzavelas, Christos Pitsavos, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
Statistical methods are usually applied in examining diet-disease associations, whereas factor analysis is commonly used for dietary pattern recognition. Recently, machine learning (ML) has been also proposed as an alternative technique in health classification. In this work, the predictive accuracy of statistical v. ML methodologies as regards the association of dietary patterns on CVD risk was tested. During 2001-2002, 3042 men and women (45 (sd 14) years) were enrolled in the ATTICA study. In 2011-2012, the 10-year CVD follow-up was performed among 2020 participants...
May 23, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788966/dyslipidemia-prevalence-awareness-treatment-control-and-risk-factors-in-chinese-rural-population-the-henan-rural-cohort-study
#14
Xiaotian Liu, Songcheng Yu, Zhenxing Mao, Yuqian Li, Haiqing Zhang, Kaili Yang, Honglei Zhang, Ruihua Liu, Xinling Qian, Linlin Li, Ronghai Bie, Chongjian Wang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dyslipidemia continue to increase in recent decades in China, however, little is known about the recent prevalence, awareness, treatment, control, and potential risk factors of dyslipidemia in the rural areas of China. METHODS: A total of 39,207 participants aged 18-79 years were recruited for the epidemiological research from the Henan Rural Cohort study. The age- and sex-adjusted means (95% confidence intervals, CI) of serum lipid levels or percentages of prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control overall and in various population subgroups were estimated and compared by multiple linear regression or logistic regression...
May 22, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788955/effect-of-canagliflozin-on-left-ventricular-diastolic-function-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#15
Daisuke Matsutani, Masaya Sakamoto, Yosuke Kayama, Norihiko Takeda, Ryuzo Horiuchi, Kazunori Utsunomiya
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) greatly increases the risks of cardiovascular disease and heart failure. In particular, left ventricular diastolic dysfunction that develops from the early stages of T2DM is an important factor in the onset and exacerbation of heart failure. The effect of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors on left ventricular diastolic function has not been elucidated. We have performed the first prospective study on the effects of canagliflozin on left ventricular diastolic function in T2DM...
May 22, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788912/association-between-troponin-i-levels-and-outcome-in-critically-ill-patients-admitted-to-non-cardiac-intensive-care-unit-with-high-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#16
Abdulaleem Alatassi, Mohamad Habbal, Hani Tamim, Musharaf Sadat, Eman Al Qasim, Yaseen M Arabi
BACKGROUND: The association of troponin-I levels and outcome in medical-surgical ICU patients has been studied before in populations with low to moderate prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors. The objective in this article is to examine the association of troponin-I levels with hospital mortality in patients with high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors who were admitted with medical-surgical indications to a non-cardiac intensive care unit. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of adult patients admitted to a tertiary medical-surgical ICU between July 2001 and November 2011...
May 22, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788900/association-between-vascular-comorbidity-and-progression-of-alzheimer-s-disease-a-two-year-observational-study-in-norwegian-memory-clinics
#17
Rannveig Sakshaug Eldholm, Karin Persson, Maria Lage Barca, Anne-Brita Knapskog, Lena Cavallin, Knut Engedal, Geir Selbaek, Eva Skovlund, Ingvild Saltvedt
BACKGROUND: Vascular risk factors increase the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD), but there is limited evidence on whether comorbid vascular conditions and risk factors have an impact on disease progression. The aim of this study was to examine the association between vascular disease and vascular risk factors and progression of AD. METHODS: In a longitudinal observational study in three Norwegian memory clinics, 282 AD patients (mean age 73.3 years, 54% female) were followed for mean 24 (16-37) months...
May 22, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788705/the-risk-of-microalbuminuria-by-obesity-phenotypes-according-to-metabolic-health-and-obesity-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2014
#18
Inyoung Choi, Heesun Moon, So Young Kang, Hyeonyoung Ko, Jinyoung Shin, Jungkwon Lee
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed at identifying the difference in the risk of microalbuminuria among individuals with various obesity phenotypes in terms of metabolic health and obesity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 15,268 individuals and used data from the National Health and Nutrition Survey conducted from 2011 to 2014. Obesity was defined as body mass index ≥25 kg/m². Metabolically unhealthy was defined as meeting two or more of the following criteria: systolic and diastolic blood pressure ≥130/85 mm Hg or current use of hypertensive drugs; triglyceride level ≥150 mg/dL; high-density lipoprotein level <40/50 mg/dL (in both men and women); and fasting blood glucose level ≥100 mg/dL or current use of oral antidiabetic medications...
May 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788007/knowledge-about-stroke-in-belo-horizonte-brazil-a-community-based-study-using-an-innovative-video-approach
#19
Fidel Meira, Daiane Magalhães, Luiz Sérgio da Silva, Ana Clara Mendonça E Silva, Gisele Sampaio Silva
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stroke is a leading cause of death in Brazil. Knowledge about the clinical manifestations of stroke as well as its risk factors and its management is still poor in the country. We intended to assess the stroke knowledge of an urban population in Belo Ho-rizonte, Brazil. METHODS: Individuals assisted by a basic health unit were interviewed between February and August 2014. After demographic data collection, the participants were asked to watch a video that consisted of a person presenting stroke signals and they were asked to answer questions about the condition shown on the video...
May 22, 2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787871/spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhage-in-a-plateau-area-a-study-based-on-the-tibetan-population
#20
Ruiqi Chen, Anqi Xiao, Chao You, Lu Ma
OBJECTIVE: To reveal characteristics of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) in a plateau area based on the Tibetan population. METHODS: Data of Tibetan and Han patients (control group) with sICH treated at our center from January 2013 to April 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 122 Tibetan and 927 Han patients were included. Compared with Han patients, Tibetan patients were older (54.7±11.2 VS 50.9±18.3 years, P=0...
May 19, 2018: World Neurosurgery
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