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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334717/-the-ten-year-retrospect-of-nutrition-and-health-status-of-pregnant-women-in-china
#1
C X Dong, S A Yin
Improvement of the nutrition and health status of pregnant women should be one of the top priority strategies of improving the physical fitness of next generation and reserve of talented person for national sustainable development. This paper reviews the nutrition and health status of pregnant women in China over the recent ten years and discusses the underlying factors and changing trends. The most popular nutrition-related problem is dietary imbalance, and many micronutrient intakes are lower than the recommended dietary intakes or adequate intakes, and some of nutrient intakes are still at a very low level for a long time such as vitamin D and calcium...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334713/-prevalence-and-influential-factors-of-stroke-in-jiangxi-province-in-2014
#2
W Zhou, B Zhang, X Huang, C J You, B M Zhan, R Q Yang, Y F Dong, J X Li, P Li, K Hong, Y Q Wu, Q H Wu, H Su, H H Bao, X S Cheng
Objective: To discuss the prevalence and influential factors of stroke among population in Jiangxi Province. Methods: Four cities in urban areas and four counties in rural areas were selected firstly, in which two districts or townships were selected; and then three communities or villages were chosen from each district and township, respectively, using the simple random sampling (SRS) method. Finally 15 269 subjects aging 15 years old or above, living in Jiangxi Province ≥6 months were randomly selected to participate in this survey from November 2013 to August 2014...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334333/are-people-at-high-risk-for-diabetes-visiting-health-facility-for-confirmation-of-diagnosis-a-population-based-study-from-rural-india
#3
Nikhil Srinivasapura Venkateshmurthy, Kathirvel Soundappan, Balaji Gummidi, Malipeddi Bhaskara Rao, Nikhil Tandon, K Srinath Reddy, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Sailesh Mohan
BACKGROUND: India is witnessing a rising burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus. India's National Programme for Prevention and Control of Diabetes, Cancer, Cardiovascular diseases and Stroke recommends population-based screening and referral to primary health centre for diagnosis confirmation and treatment initiation. However, little is known about uptake of confirmatory tests among screen positives. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the uptake of confirmatory tests and identify the reasons for not undergoing confirmation by those at high risk for developing diabetes...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334265/prevalence-and-covariates-of-uncontrolled-hypertension-in-ischemic-stroke-survivors-the-norwegian-stroke-in-the-young-study
#4
Åshild Oftedal, Eva Gerdts, Ulrike Waje-Andreassen, Annette Fromm, Halvor Naess, Anja Linde, Sahrai Saeed
PURPOSE: Hypertension is the most important modifiable risk factor for stroke. Few data are available on control of hypertension in younger ischemic stroke survivors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We assessed clinic and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) measurements in 320 patients aged 15-60 years (mean 48 ± 10) included in the Norwegian Stroke in the Young Study during 3-months follow-up after the index stroke. Controlled hypertension was defined as ambulatory BP <130/80 mmHg...
January 15, 2018: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331969/temporal-trends-in-antithrombotic-treatment-of-real-world-uk-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-atrial-fibrillation-findings-from-the-garfield-af-registry
#5
Patricia N Apenteng, Haiyan Gao, Fd Richard Hobbs, David A Fitzmaurice
OBJECTIVE: To investigate evolving patterns in antithrombotic treatment in UK patients with newly diagnosed non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). DESIGN: Prospective, multicentre, international registry. SETTING: 186 primary care practices in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: 3482 participants prospectively enrolled in four sequential cohorts (cohort 2 (C2) n=830, diagnosed September 2011 to April 2013; cohort 3 (C3) n=902, diagnosed April 2013 to June 2014; cohort 4 (C4) n=850, diagnosed July 2014 to June 2015; cohort 5 (C5) n=900, diagnosed June 2015 to July 2016)...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331003/oral-sildenafil-use-in-neonates-with-persistent-pulmonary-hypertension-of-newborn
#6
Ali Shabbir Hussain, Rehan Ali, Shakeel Ahmed, Farah Naz, Anila Haroon
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of PPHN has been estimated at 1.9 per 1000 live births. After the discovery of iNO's, its efficacy and benefit in PPHN is well established. Even in the best of centers equipped with iNo and ECMO the mortality is around 20%. Also, iNO is expensive and difficult to administer and monitor which makes it difficult choice in our part of the world. Furthermore About 40% of patients do not respond or have rebound pulmonary hypertension after discontinuation. Owing to these reasons, other treatment modalities like phosphodiesterase inhibitors such as Sildenafil need to be evaluated...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330930/gender-specific-risk-factors-for-androgenetic-alopecia-in-the-korean-general-population-associations-with-medical-comorbidities-and-general-health-behaviors
#7
Bo-Kyung Kim, Sung Jay Choe, Hee-Chul Chung, Sung-Soo Oh, Won-Soo Lee
BACKGROUND: The relationships between androgenetic alopecia (AGA) and various factors related to metabolic syndrome have been demonstrated in previous studies. However, it remains unclear because of inconsistent results. We investigated the associations between AGA and various risk factors related to metabolic syndrome according to gender. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional survey of 2028 Koreans (1050 men, 978 women). The basic and specific (BASP) classification was used for diagnosis of AGA...
February 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330646/potential-impact-of-sglt2-inhibitors-on-left-ventricular-diastolic-function-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#8
REVIEW
Hidekazu Tanaka, Ken-Ichi Hirata
The pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus (DM)-related cardiac dysfunction is thought to be multifactorial, and possibly a key factor for the development of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) in patients with DM and preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction. Currently, there is no effective treatment for HFpEF, which is presented as LV diastolic dysfunction. Furthermore, it is well known that, in addition to DM, hypertension and overweight/obesity are also important factors associated with HFpEF...
January 12, 2018: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330520/association-of-homocysteine-with-aysmptomatic-intracranial-and-extracranial-arterial-stenosis-in-hypertension-patients
#9
Yan Wang, Jin Zhang, Yuesheng Qian, Xiaofeng Tang, Huawei Ling, Kemin Chen, Yan Li, Pingjin Gao, Dingliang Zhu
Elevated plasma homocysteine (Hcy) is suggested as an independent risk factor for stroke. We aimed to investigate the association of Hcy concentration with intracranial atherosclerosis (ICAS) and extracranial AS (ECAS) in hypertensive patients without stroke in Chinese population and to explore modified effect of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T on their relationship. The stenosis of intracranial and extracranial arteries were evaluated in a total of 929 subjects through computerized tomographic angiography (CTA) from aortic arch to the skull base...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329764/-analysis-of-mortality-and-hospital-stay-in-cardiac-surgery-in-mexico-2015-data-from-the-national-cardiology-institute
#10
Alejandra Rodríguez-Hernández, Martha García-Torres, Eduardo Bucio Reta, Francisco Martín Baranda-Tovar
OBJECTIVE: To analyse hospital mortality in patients subjected to cardiac surgery in Mexico during the year 2015, and identify the mortality risks factors, and its correlation with days of hospital stay in the cardiovascular intensive care unit. METHOD: The database of Cardiovascular Intensive Care of the National Institute of Cardiology was examined for this cases and controls study that included only adult patients subjected to cardiac surgery during the year 2015...
January 9, 2018: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328390/investigation-into-the-underlying-molecular-mechanisms-of-hypertensive-nephrosclerosis-using-bioinformatics-analyses
#11
Tianlong Liu, Minna Liu, Peijin Shang, Xin Jin, Wenxing Liu, Yikai Zhang, Xinfang Li, Yi Ding, Yuwen Li, Aidong Wen
Hypertensive nephrosclerosis (HNS) is a major risk factor for end-stage renal disease. However, the underlying pathogenesis of HNS remains to be fully determined. The gene expression profile of GSE20602, which consists of 14 glomeruli samples from patients with HNS and 4 normal glomeruli control samples, was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Gene ontology (GO) and pathway enrichment analyses were performed in order to investigate the functions and pathways of differentially expressed genes (DEGs)...
January 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328373/integrative-gene-ontology-and-network-analysis-of-coronary-artery-disease-associated-genes-suggests-potential-role-of-erbb-pathway-gene-egfr
#12
Madankumar Ghatge, Jiny Nair, Ankit Sharma, Rajani Kanth Vangala
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a major cause of mortality in India, more importantly the young Indians. Combinatorial and integrative approaches to evaluate pathways and genes to gain an improved understanding and potential biomarkers for risk assessment are required. Therefore, 608 genes from the CADgene database version 2.0, classified into 12 functional classes representing the atherosclerotic disease process, were analyzed. Homology analysis of the unique list of gene ontologies (GO) from each functional class gave 8 GO terms represented in 11 and 10 functional classes...
January 8, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328064/south-african-eye-study-saes-ethnic-differences-in-central-corneal-thickness-and-intraocular-pressure
#13
S O Baboolal, D P Smit
PurposeGlaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. South Africa has a diverse population but there is a lack of published ethnic specific normative data. The purpose of the study is to determine the distribution of intraocular pressure (IOP) and central corneal thickness (CCT) values in a multi-ethnic South African population and to determine additional systemic and ocular factors that influence IOP and CCT.Patients and methodsThis cross-sectional study included a total of 402 participants with 706 eyes aged 18-94 years...
January 12, 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327527/role-and-relevance-of-blood-pressure-variability-in-hypertension-related-co-morbidities
#14
Ashok Kumar, B C Kalmath, Georgi Abraham, Johann Christopher, Pln Kaparthi, Louie Fischer, Neeta Deshpande, N K Mishra, Praveen Raj, Rajesh Javerani, Ramesh Goyal, Reefa Dsouza, Shashank R Joshi
Despite maintaining mean blood pressure at optimal levels, cardiovascular complications still occur in hypertensive patients. Blood pressure variability (BPV) has been implicated as a prominent factor responsible for incurring this additional risk. In this review we attempted to generate a consensus on the importance of BPV in the hypertension management and to evaluate different therapeutic options available to reduce BPV. Panel comprising of 11 leading experts from India in different areas of clinical practice (including nephrology, diabetes and endocrinology, cardiology, and critical care medicine) was convened...
December 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327164/incremental-predictive-value-of-carotid-arterial-strain-in-patients-with-stroke
#15
Woo-In Yang, Ki-Woon Kang, Hye Young Lee, Chi-Young Shim, Geu-Ru Hong, Namsik Chung, Jong-Won Ha
Although increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is a well-known risk factor for stroke, carotid IMT alone is not sufficient for risk stratification. The assessment of arterial properties using velocity vector imaging (VVI) represents a new method for quantifying structural changes. We sought to investigate the characteristics and the clinical value of carotid arterial mechanics using VVI in patients with stroke. Fifty male patients (55 ± 5 years) with stroke, 30 healthy age-matched volunteers (54 ± 8 years), and 30 healthy young male volunteers (29 ± 5 years) were evaluated...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327151/impact-of-admission-hypertension-on-rates-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-intracerebral-hemorrhage-treated-with-intensive-blood-pressure-control
#16
Hannah Hewgley, Stephen C Turner, Joseph E Vandigo, Jacob Marler, Heather Snyder, Jason J Chang, G Morgan Jones
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend that rapid systolic blood pressure (SBP) lowering to 140 mmHg may be considered in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) patients regardless of initial SBP. However, limited safety data exist in patients presenting with varying degrees of severe hypertension. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was an increased risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) based upon degree of presentation hypertension in ICH patients whose blood pressure was reduced intensively...
January 11, 2018: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326775/a-systematic-review-on-the-prevalence-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-iran
#17
REVIEW
Jaber Mohseni, Toba Kazemi, Mahmood Hosseinzadeh Maleki, Hossein Beydokhti
In Iran, cardiovascular diseases are the most common causes of death. We aimed to perform a systematic review on the prevalence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Iran based on Persian and English papers had been published from 1985 to 2015. Among 267 initially found articles, 142 were excluded; finally, a total number of 40 articles were found relevant which were reduced to 18. Smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hypercholesterolemia were the most common risk factors for AMI. Premature MI prevalence was high in men, and smoking was the most common risk factor among young people...
October 2017: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325634/relationship-of-aging-and-incident%C3%A2-comorbidities-to-stroke-risk-in-patients%C3%A2-with-atrial-fibrillation
#18
Tze-Fan Chao, Gregory Y H Lip, Chia-Jen Liu, Yenn-Jiang Lin, Shih-Lin Chang, Li-Wei Lo, Yu-Feng Hu, Ta-Chuan Tuan, Jo-Nan Liao, Fa-Po Chung, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shih-Ann Chen
BACKGROUND: When assessing ischemic stroke risk in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), the CHA2DS2-VASc score is calculated based on the baseline risk factors, and the outcomes are determined after a follow-up period. However, the stroke risk in patients with AF does not remain static, and with time, patients get older and accumulate more comorbidities. OBJECTIVES: This study hypothesized that the "Delta CHA2DS2-VASc score," which reflects the change in score between baseline and follow-up, would be more predictive of ischemic stroke compared with the baseline CHA2DS2-VASc score...
January 16, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325370/-association-between-carotid-artery-plaques-and-all-cause-mortality-and-cardiovascular-events
#19
W Li, F Ma, Y M Jiang, J J Li, L Song, S H Chen, X M Liu, X Q Li, S L Wu
Objective: To observe the association of carotid artery plaque with all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events. Methods: A total of 7 017 participants who completed the carotid sonography examination between 2010 and 2011 were selected from the stroke and the elderly prospective cohort Kailuan study. The participants of stroke cohort received health examination between 2006 and 2007, and participants of elderly cohort received health examination between 2010 and 2011. All participants were divided into plaque group (3 285 cases) and without plaque group (3 732 cases) according to with or without carotid artery plaque...
December 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325266/-analysis-of-649-cases-of-stillbirth-in-third-trimester
#20
M N Hu, Y Zhang, W Zhao
Objective: To analyze the risk factors of stillbirth in third trimester. Methods: Clinical data of 649 cases of stillbirth in third trimester were analyzed retrospectively in 22 hospitals of Haidian district from October 2011 to September 2016, including the incidence, the maternal profile, the perinatal care during pregnancy and the causes of stillbirth. Results: (1) The incidence of stillbirth in third trimester in Haidian district from October 2011 to September 2016 was 0.293%(649/221 845). While the incidence in floating pregnant women (0...
December 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
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