keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Risk factors for hypertension

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922678/serum-uric-acid-concentrations-can-predict-hypertension-a-longitudinal-population-based-epidemiological-study
#1
Rongjiong Zheng, Tianmeng Yang, Qingmei Chen, Changxi Chen, Yushan Mao
An elevated serum uric acid concentration may be associated with hypertension, which is the leading cause of death worldwide. However, whether the elevation is causal or a consequence of hypertension among the Chinese population remains unclear. This study was designed to investigate the longitudinal relationship between the serum uric acid concentrations and hypertension among Chinese individuals. This study included 5105 subjects, initially without hypertension, who were followed up for 9 years. The subjects were divided into four groups based on the serum uric acid quartile...
September 18, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922565/-metabolically-healthy-obesity-and-hyperuricemia-increase-risk-for-hypertension-and-diabetes-5-year-japanese-cohort-study
#2
Masanari Kuwabara, Remi Kuwabara, Ichiro Hisatome, Koichiro Niwa, Carlos A Roncal-Jimenez, Petter Bjornstad, Ana Andres-Hernando, Yuka Sato, Thomas Jensen, Gabriela Garcia, Minoru Ohno, James O Hill, Miguel A Lanaspa, Richard J Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Whether obesity without metabolic syndrome (i.e., "metabolically healthy" obesity) confers similar or less metabolic risk remains controversial. METHODS: A retrospective 5-year cohort study of 9,721 Japanese subjects (48.5 ± 10.5 years, 4,160 men) was conducted in 2004 and reevaluated 5 years later. Subjects were excluded if they were hypertensive or diabetic or were receiving medications for dyslipidemia and/or gout or hyperuricemia in 2004. Study subjects were categorized according to baseline BMI  ≥ 25 kg/m(2) (overweight/obesity) and < 25 kg/m(2) (lean/normal weight) and also whether they had metabolic syndrome...
September 18, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922364/association-of-epicardial-adipose-tissue-with-serum-level-of-cystatin-c-in-type-2-diabetes
#3
Tomomi Murai, Noriko Takebe, Kan Nagasawa, Yusuke Todate, Riyuki Nakagawa, Rieko Nakano, Mari Hangai, Yutaka Hasegawa, Yoshihiko Takahashi, Kunihiro Yoshioka, Yasushi Ishigaki
OBJECTIVE: Accumulation of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is considered to be a cardiovascular risk factor independent from visceral adiposity, obesity, hypertension and diabetes. We explored the parameters related to EAT accumulation, aiming to clarify the novel pathophysiological roles of EAT in subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS: We examined the laboratory values, including cystatinC, and surrogate markers used for evaluating atherosclerosis. EAT was measured as the sum of the adipose tissue area, obtained by plain computed tomography scans in 208 subjects with T2DM but no history of coronary artery disease...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922087/preexisting-cardiovascular-risk-and-subsequent-heart-failure-among-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-survivors
#4
Talya Salz, Emily C Zabor, Peter de Nully Brown, Susanne Oksberg Dalton, Nirupa J Raghunathan, Matthew J Matasar, Richard Steingart, Andrew J Vickers, Peter Svenssen Munksgaard, Kevin C Oeffinger, Christoffer Johansen
Purpose The use of anthracycline chemotherapy is associated with heart failure (HF) among survivors of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). We aimed to understand the contribution of preexisting cardiovascular risk factors to HF risk among NHL survivors. Methods Using Danish registries, we identified adults diagnosed with aggressive NHL from 2000 to 2010 and sex- and age-matched general-population controls. We assessed HF from 9 months after diagnosis through 2012. We used Cox regression analysis to assess differences in risk for HF between survivors and general population controls...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920863/white-matter-microstructure-and-cognitive-decline-in-metabolic-syndrome-a-review-of-diffusion-tensor-imaging
#5
REVIEW
Freddy J Alfaro, Anna Gavrieli, Patricia Saade, Vasileios-Arsenios Lioutas, Jagriti Upadhyay, Vera Novak
Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors defined by the presence of abdominal obesity, glucose intolerance, hypertension and/or dyslipidemia. It is a major public health epidemic worldwide, and a known risk factor for the development of cognitive dysfunction and dementia. Several studies have demonstrated a positive association between the presence of metabolic syndrome and worse cognitive outcomes, however, evidence of brain structure pathology is limited. Diffusion tensor imaging has offered new opportunities to detect microstructural white matter changes in metabolic syndrome, and a possibility to detect associations between functional and structural abnormalities...
September 8, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920709/comparison-of-oxidative-stress-biomarkers-in-hypertensive-patients-with-or-without-hyperhomocysteinemia
#6
Gang Guo, Wenjiang Sun, Guanghui Liu, Huan Zheng, Jiasheng Zhao
Hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular impairment in hypertension. Oxidative stress is important in the molecular mechanisms associated with hypertension, but there are few studies focusing on the comparison of oxidative stress biomarkers in hypertensive patients with or without hyperhomocysteinemia. The study included 50 newly diagnosed hypertensive patients with hyperhomocysteinemia, 50 newly diagnosed hypertensive patients without hyperhomocysteinemia, and 50 age-matched healthy controls...
September 18, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920508/internal-carotid-artery-dissection-among-younger-and-older-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke
#7
Y Amsalem, L Porat, M C Javitt, E Sprecher, G Telman
BACKGROUND: Carotid artery dissection (CAD) is a known causative factor in the etiology of acute ischemic stroke in young patients. However, the significance of CAD in older patients with acute ischemic stroke is unclear with only a few prior clinical studies. In order to isolate the influence of CAD as an independent factor, we performed multivariate analysis of common covariables in acute ischemic stroke patients in northern Israel. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 347 consecutive patients who suffered from acute ischemic stroke had initial CT angiography (CTA) ordered from the emergency room...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919580/concomitant-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-add-to-the-atrial-arrhythmogenic-phenotype-in-male-hypertensive-rats
#8
Mathias Hohl, Dennis H Lau, Andreas Müller, Adrian D Elliott, Benedikt Linz, Rajiv Mahajan, Jeroen M L Hendriks, Michael Böhm, Ulrich Schotten, Prashanthan Sanders, Dominik Linz
BACKGROUND: Besides hypertension, obesity and the metabolic syndrome have recently emerged as risk factors for atrial fibrillation. This study sought to delineate the development of an arrhythmogenic substrate for atrial fibrillation in hypertension with and without concomitant obesity and metabolic syndrome. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared obese spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR-obese, n=7-10) with lean hypertensive controls (SHR-lean, n=7-10) and normotensive rats (n=7-10)...
September 17, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919427/age-dependent-atrial-arrhythmic-phenotype-secondary-to-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-pgc-1%C3%AE-deficient-murine-hearts
#9
Haseeb Valli, Shiraz Ahmad, Karan Chadda, Ali Al-Hadithi, Andrew A Grace, Kamalan Jeevaratnam, Christopher L-H Huang
INTRODUCTION: Ageing and several age-related chronic conditions including obesity, insulin resistance and hypertension are associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and represent independent risk factors for atrial fibrillation (AF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Atrial arrhythmogenesis was investigated in Langendorff-perfused young (3-4 month) and aged (>12 month), wild type (WT) and peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-γ coactivator-1β deficient (Pgc-1β(-/-)) murine hearts modeling age-dependent chronic mitochondrial dysfunction during regular pacing and programmed electrical stimulation (PES)...
September 14, 2017: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919314/24-hour-alberta-stroke-program-early-ct-score-assessment-in-post-stroke-spasticity-development-in-patients-with-a-first-documented-anterior-circulation-ischemic-stroke
#10
Ondrej Volny, Maria Justanova, Petra Cimflova, Linda Kasickova, Ivana Svobodova, Jan Muzik, Martin Bares
BACKGROUND: Neuroanatomic substrates responsible for development of post-stroke spasticity are still poorly understood. The study is focused on identification of brain regions within the territory of the middle cerebral artery associated with spasticity development. METHODS: This is a single-center prospective cohort study of first documented anterior circulation ischemic strokes with a neurologic deficit lasting >7 days (from March 2014 to September 2016, all patients are involved in a registry)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918428/modification-of-cardiovascular-pharmacotherapy-in-palliative-care-patients-with-cancer-narrative-review
#11
Tomasz Pasierski
Palliative care cancer patients are treated with many drugs especially at the end of life. Limiting of polypharmacy a decreases the risk of associated adverse effects, medical errors and harmful drug interactions The time lag to benefit of many medications used for cardiovascular diseases or risk factors like hypertension, hypercholesterolemia is frequently longer than palliative care cancer patient's life expectancy. It is ethically appropriate to modify, even to discontinue cardiovascular pharmacotherapy when there is no prospect of benefit...
September 13, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917949/linear-association-between-number-of-modifiable-risk-factors-and-multiple-chronic-conditions-results-from-the-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system
#12
Mary L Adams, Joseph Grandpre, David L Katz, Douglas Shenson
Multiple (≥2) chronic conditions (MCCs) are responsible for a large fraction of healthcare costs. Our aim was to examine possible associations between MCCs and composite measures of behavioral risk factors (RFs). Data were publicly available 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and included 483,865 non-institutionalized US adults ages ≥18years. Chronic conditions included asthma, arthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cognitive impairment, heart disease, stroke, cancer, and kidney disease...
September 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917005/outcome-of-pediatric-acute-kidney-injury-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Jameela A Kari, Khalid A Alhasan, Mohamed A Shalaby, Norah Khathlan, Osama Y Safdar, Suleman A Al Rezgan, Sherif El Desoky, Amr S Albanna
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common problem encountered in critically ill children with an increasing incidence and evolving epidemiology. AKI carries a serious morbidity and mortality in patients requiring admission to a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS: We undertook a prospective cohort study of PICU admissions at three tertiary care hospitals in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia over 2 years. The Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) definition was used to diagnose AKI...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916899/impact-of-surgical-complications-on-the-risk-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-recurrence-after-hepatic-resection
#14
Riccardo Pravisani, Umberto Baccarani, Miriam Isola, Gianluigi Adani, Dario Lorenzin, Giovanni Terrosu, Andrea Risaliti
Surgery-related morbidity has been identified as prognostic risk factor for tumor recurrence for several tumor types, but data regarding hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are limited and controversial. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of surgical complications on the risk of HCC recurrence after hepatic resection (HR). A Retrospective study was conducted on a cohort of patients submitted to HR in a tertiary teaching hospital, between January 2006 and December 2015. 112 patients were submitted to HR during the study period...
September 15, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916863/intracerebral-hemorrhage-as-a-manifestation-of-cerebral-hyperperfusion-syndrome-after-carotid-revascularization-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Pedro Abreu, Jerina Nogueira, Filipe Brogueira Rodrigues, Ana Nascimento, Mariana Carvalho, Ana Marreiros, Hipólito Nzwalo
BACKGROUND: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in the context of cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) is an uncommon but potentially lethal complication after carotid revascularization for carotid occlusive disease. Information about its incidence, risk factors and fatality is scarce. Therefore, we aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis focusing on the incidence, risk factors and outcomes of ICH in the context of CHS after carotid revascularization. METHODS: We searched the PubMed and EBSCO hosts for all studies published in English about CHS in the context of carotid revascularization...
September 15, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916176/risk-stratification-of-sudden-cardiac-death-in-hypertension
#16
Larisa G Tereshchenko, Elsayed Z Soliman, Barry R Davis, Suzanne Oparil
In the United States, up to 450,000 people per year die suddenly; an average of 1 sudden death every 70s. Strategies for preventing sudden cardiac death are urgently needed. Systemic arterial hypertension is a major risk factor for sudden cardiac death and the increasing burden of hypertension is a worldwide problem. The lifetime risk of sudden cardiac death at 30years of age is higher by 30% in individuals with hypertension. Each 20/10mmHg increase in systolic/diastolic blood pressure, is associated with a 20% additional increase in sudden cardiac death risk...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915802/determinants-of-pre-eclampsia-eclampsia-among-women-attending-delivery-services-in-selected-public-hospitals-of-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-case-control-study
#17
Teklit Grum, Abiy Seifu, Mebrahtu Abay, Teklit Angesom, Lidiya Tsegay
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia is a pregnancy-specific hypertensive disorder usually occurs after 20 weeks of gestation. It is one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. In Ethiopia, the major direct obstetric complications including pre-eclampsia/eclampsia account for 85% of the maternal deaths. Unlike deaths due to other direct causes, pre-eclampsia/ eclampsia related deaths appear to be increasing and linked to multiple factors, making prevention of the disease a continuous challenge...
September 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915786/nutrition-in-primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-the-continental-and-mediterranean-regions-of-croatia
#18
Jozica Sikic, Mira Stipcevic, Hrvoje Vrazic, Jasna Cerkez Habek, Eduard Margetic, Dario Gulin
BACKGROUND: The aim of this observational study was to evaluate the effect of Mediterranean and continental nutrition on cardiovascular risk in patients with acute and chronic coronary heart disease in Croatia. METHODS: The study included 1284 patients who were hospitalized in a 28-month period due to acute or chronic ischaemic heart disease in hospitals across Croatia. An individual questionnaire was prepared which enabled recording of various cardiovascular risk factors...
September 16, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915687/features-and-risk-factors-of-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-a-population-with-high-stroke-incidence-in-china
#19
Yanqiu Zhang, Lingling Bai, Min Shi, Hongyan Lu, Yanan Wu, Jun Tu, Jingxian Ni, Jinghua Wang, Li Cao, Ping Lei, Xianjia Ning
Epidemiological studies have reported associations between traditional cardiovascular risk factors and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) or carotid plaque. However, definite risk factors at different phases of carotid atherosclerosis remain controversial. We aimed to explore risk factors and characteristics of carotid atherosclerosis at different stages in a low-income population with a high incidence of stroke in China. Between April 2014 and January 2015, we recruited 3789 stroke-free and cardiovascular disease-free residents aged ≥ 45 years...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915657/the-prevalence-subtypes-and-associated-factors-of-hyperuricemia-in-lupus-nephritis-patients-at-chronic-kidney-disease-stages-1-3
#20
Simeng Liu, Yijun Gong, Hong Ren, Wen Zhang, Xiaonong Chen, Tong Zhou, Xiao Li, Nan Chen
There is a high prevalence of hyperuricemia (HUA) in the chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. However, there's a dearth of research on HUA's prevalence, subtypes, early detection, and treatment strategies of HUA in lupus nephritis (LN) patients. The aim of this study is to address these knowledge gaps. LN patients presenting to the Department of Nephrology at Shanghai Rui Jin Hospital from January 2011 to January 2016 were recruited. The effective sample size was derived using the power analysis. The demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics of the LN patients with HUA were compared with those of patients without HUA...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
keyword
keyword
105369
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"