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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334323/development-of-functional-agricultural-products-utilizing-the-new-health-claim-labeling-system-in-japan
#1
Mari Maeda-Yamamoto, Toshio Ohtani
In April 2015, Consumer Affairs Agency of Japan launched a new food labeling system known as "Foods with Function Claims (FFC)." Under this system, the food industry independently evaluates scientific evidence on foods and describes their functional properties. As of May 23, 2017, 1023 FFC containing 8 fresh foods have been launched. Meanwhile, to clarify the health-promoting effects of agricultural products, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NARO) implemented the "Research Project on Development of Agricultural Products" and demonstrated the risk reduction of osteoporosis of β-cryptoxanthin rich Satsuma mandarins and the anti-allergic effect of the O-methylated catechin rich tea cultivar Benifuuki...
January 15, 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333852/synthesis-of-mip-nanoparticles-for-%C3%AE-casein-detection-using-spr-as-a-milk-allergen-sensor
#2
Jon Ashley, Yunus Shukor, Roberta D'Aurelio, Linda Trinh, Thomas Lawrence Rodgers, Jeff Temblay, Mike Pleasants, Ibtisam E Tothill
Food recalls due to undeclared allergens or contamination are costly to the food manufacturing industry worldwide. As the industry strives for better manufacturing efficiencies over a diverse range of food products, there is a need for the development of new analytical techniques to improve monitoring the presence of unintended food allergens during the food manufacturing process. In particular, the monitoring of wash samples from cleaning in place systems (CIP), used in the cleaning of food processing equipment, would allow for the effective removal of allergen containing ingredients in between food batches...
January 15, 2018: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333812/markers-of-inflammation-and-tolerance-development-in-allergic-proctocolitis
#3
Hikmet T Nacaroglu, Semiha Bahceci Erdem, Ersin Durgun, Sait Karaman, Cahit Baris Erdur, Canan S Unsal Karkmer, Demet Can
BACKGROUND: Today, as a result of an increase in the frequency of food protein-induced allergic proctocolitis (FPIAP), there is a need for studies not only to enlighten the pathophysiology of the disease but also to determine simple, non-invasive markers in both diagnosis, and evaluation of the development of tolerance. No study has been found in the literature about the place of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and mean platelet volume (MPV), which are easy to calculate and non-invasive markers...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333560/a-design-of-experiment-approach-for-efficient-multi-parametric-drug-testing-using-a-caenorhabditis-elegans-model
#4
M C Letizia, M Cornaglia, G Tranchida, R Trouillon, M A M Gijs
When studying the drug effectiveness towards a target model, one should distinguish the effects of the drug itself and of all the other factors that could influence the screening outcome. This comprehensive knowledge is crucial, especially when model organisms are used to study the drug effect at a systemic level, as a higher number of factors can influence the drug-testing outcome. Covering the entire experimental domain and studying the effect of the simultaneous change in several factors would require numerous experiments, which are costly and time-consuming...
January 15, 2018: Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences From Nano to Macro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333400/brentuximab-vedotin-clinical-updates-and-practical-guidance
#5
REVIEW
Jun Ho Yi, Seok Jin Kim, Won Seog Kim
Brentuximab vedotin (BV), a potent antibody-drug conjugate, targets the CD30 antigen. Owing to the remarkable efficacy shown in CD30-positive lymphomas, such as Hodgkin's lymphoma and systemic anaplastic large-cell lymphoma, BV was granted accelerated approval in 2011 by the US Food and Drug Administration. Thereafter, many large-scale trials in various situations have been performed, which led to extensions of the original indication. The aim of this review was to describe the latest updates on clinical trials of BV and the in-practice guidance for the use of BV...
December 2017: Blood Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333376/anti-inflammatory-and-anti-obesity-properties-of-food-bioactive-components-effects-on-adipose-tissue
#6
REVIEW
Shasika Jayarathne, Iurii Koboziev, Oak-Hee Park, Wilna Oldewage-Theron, Chwan-Li Shen, Naima Moustaid-Moussa
Obesity is an epidemic and costly disease affecting 13% of the adult population worldwide. Obesity is associated with adipose tissue hypertrophy and hyperplasia, as well as pathologic endocrine alterations of adipose tissue including local and chronic systemic low-grade inflammation. Moreover, this inflammation is a risk factor for both metabolic syndrome (MetS) and insulin resistance. Basic and clinical studies demonstrate that foods containing bioactive compounds are capable of preventing both obesity and adipose tissue inflammation, improving obesity-associated MetS in human subjects and animal models of obesity...
December 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333059/innate-food-aversions-and-culturally-transmitted-food-taboos-in-pregnant-women-in-rural-southwest-india-separate-systems-to-protect-the-fetus
#7
Caitlyn D Placek, Purnima Madhivanan, Edward H Hagen
Pregnancy increases women's nutritional requirements, yet causes aversions to nutritious foods. Most societies further restrict pregnant women's diet with food taboos. Pregnancy food aversions are theorized to protect mothers and fetuses from teratogens and pathogens or increase dietary diversity in response to resource scarcity. Tests of these hypotheses have had mixed results, perhaps because many studies are in Westernized populations with reliable access to food and low exposure to pathogens. If pregnancy food aversions are adaptations, however, then they likely evolved in environments with uncertain access to food and high exposure to pathogens...
November 2017: Evolution and Human Behavior: Official Journal of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333000/distributions-of-emissions-intensity-for-individual-beef-cattle-reared-on-pasture-based-production-systems
#8
G A McAuliffe, T Takahashi, R J Orr, P Harris, M R F Lee
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of livestock production systems is often based on inventory data for farms typical of a study region. As information on individual animals is often unavailable, livestock data may already be aggregated at the time of inventory analysis, both across individual animals and across seasons. Even though various computational tools exist to consider the effect of genetic and seasonal variabilities in livestock-originated emissions intensity, the degree to which these methods can address the bias suffered by representative animal approaches is not well-understood...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Cleaner Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332815/single-particle-analysis-of-tio2-in-candy-products-using-triple-quadrupole-icp-ms
#9
S Candás-Zapico, D J Kutscher, M Montes-Bayón, J Bettmer
Titanium dioxide (TiO2) belongs to the materials that have gained great importance in many applications. In its particulate form (micro- or nanoparticles), it has entered a huge number of consumer products and food-grade TiO2, better known as E171 within the European Union, represents an important food additive. Thus, there is an increasing need for analytical methods able to detect and quantify such particles. In this regard, inductively coupled-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), in particular single particle ICP-MS (spICP-MS), has gained importance due to its simplicity and ease of use...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332805/trends-of-non-destructive-analytical-methods-for-identification-of-biodiesel-feedstock-in-diesel-biodiesel-blend-according-to-european-commission-directive-2012-0288-ec-and-detecting-diesel-biodiesel-blend-adulteration-a-brief-review
#10
REVIEW
Sarmento Júnior Mazivila
Discrimination of biodiesel feedstock present in diesel-biodiesel blend is challenging due to the great similarity in the spectral profile as well as digital image profile of each type of feedstock employed in biodiesel production. Once the marketed diesel-biodiesel blend is subsidized, in which motivates adulteration in biofuel blend by cheaper supplies with high solubility to obtain profits associated with the subsidies involved in biodiesel production. Non-destructive analytical methods based on qualitative and quantitative analysis for detecting marketed diesel-biodiesel blend adulteration are reviewed...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332786/recent-advances-and-developments-on-integrating-nanotechnology-with-chemiluminescence-assays
#11
REVIEW
Ashish Tiwari, S J Dhoble
Chemiluminescence (CL) techniques are extensively utilized for detection of analytes due to their high sensitivity, rapidity and selectivity. With the advent of nanotechnology and incorporation of the nanoparticles in the CL system has revolutionized the assays due to their unique optical and mechanical properties. Several CL-based reactions have been developed where these nanoparticle based CL sensors have evolved as excellent prospects for sensing in various analytical applications. This review article addresses the nanoparticles based CL detection system that are recently developed, the mechanisms has been summarized and the role of luminophors have been discussed...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332209/the-rapid-diagnosis-of-viral-respiratory-tract-infections-and-its-impact-on-antimicrobial-stewardship-programs
#12
Şiran Keske, Önder Ergönül, Faik Tutucu, Doruk Karaaslan, Erhan Palaoğlu, Füsun Can
We aimed to describe the potential benefit of new rapid molecular respiratory tests (MRT) in decreasing inappropriate antibiotic use among the inpatients presenting with influenza-like illness (ILI). We included patients from inpatient and outpatient departments who had ILI and performed MRT between 1 January 2015 and 31 December 2016 in a 265-bed private hospital in Istanbul. At the end of 2015, we implemented antimicrobial stewardship including systematic use of MRT. Then, we compared our observations between the year 2015 and the year 2016...
January 13, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331731/deoxynivalenol-gut-microbiota-and-immunotoxicity-a-potential-approach
#13
REVIEW
Yuxiao Liao, Zhao Peng, Liangkai Chen, Andreas K Nüssler, Liegang Liu, Wei Yang
Deoxynivalenol (DON, vomitoxin) is the most frequent mycotoxin in grains and grain products. DON contamination in fodder and food is a serious threat for health, since it impairs the immune and gastrointestinal systems of both human and animals. Gut microbiota seems to play a more and more important part in human and animals' health according to related researches. Previous studies implied some associations among gut microbiota, DON and immune system. For example, DON affects immune system as well as the composition and abundance of gut microbiota, and the latter influences immune system as well...
January 10, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331045/the-urgent-need-for-a-harmonized-severity-scoring-system-for-acute-allergic-reactions
#14
Antonella Muraro, Montserrat Fernandez-Rivas, Kirsten Beyer, Victòria Cardona, Andrew Clark, Esben Eller, Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Marek Jutel, Aziz Sheikh, Ioana Agache, Katrina J Allen, Liz Angier, Barbara Ballmer-Weber, Maria Beatrice Bilò, Carsten Bindslev-Jensen, Carlos A Camargo, Antonella Cianferoni, Audrey DunnGalvin, Philippe A Eigenmann, Susanne Halken, Karin Hoffmann-Sommergruber, Susanne Lau, Caroline Nilsson, Lars K Poulsen, Franziska Rueff, Jonathan Spergel, Gunter Sturm, Frans Timmermans, Maria J Torres, Paul Turner, Ronald van Ree, Magnus Wickman, Margitta Worm, E N Clare Mills, Graham Roberts
The accurate assessment and communication of the severity of acute allergic reactions is important to patients, clinicians, researchers, the food industry, public health and regulatory authorities. Severity has different meanings to different stakeholders with patients and clinicians rating the significance of particular symptoms very differently. Many severity scoring systems have been generated, most focusing on the severity of reactions following exposure to a limited group of allergens. They are heterogeneous in format, none has used an accepted developmental approach and none has been validated...
January 13, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330503/effects-of-larvae-density-and-food-concentration-on-crown-of-thorns-seastar-acanthaster-cf-solaris-development-in-an-automated-flow-through-system
#15
S Uthicke, M Liddy, F Patel, M Logan, C Johansson, M Lamare
Coral-eating Crown-of-Thorns Sea stars (Acanthaster spp.) are major contributors to coral reef loss in the Indo-Pacific region. A release from food limitation of their planktotrophic larvae through enhanced pelagic productivity is one of the main hypothesis explaining population outbreaks ('nutrient limitation hypothesis'). To improve the understanding of these outbreaks we developed an automated flow- through larvae rearing system that maintained food (microalgae) at set levels over the course of four 15d experiments...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330479/titania-tio2-nanoparticles-enhance-the-performance-of-growth-promoting-rhizobacteria
#16
Salme Timmusk, Gulaim Seisenbaeva, Lawrence Behers
A novel use of nanotitania (TNs) as agents in the nanointerface interaction between plants and colonization of growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) is presented. The effectiveness of PGPRs is related to the effectiveness of the technology used for their formulation. TNs produced by the Captigel patented SolGel approach, characterized by the transmission and scanning electron microscopy were used for formulation of the harsh environment PGPR strains. Changes in the biomass of wheat seedlings and in the density of single and double inoculants with and without TNs were monitored during two weeks of stress induced by drought salt and by the pathogen Fusarium culmorum...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329911/mrna-expression-and-metabolic-regulation-of-npy-and-agrp1-2-in-the-zebrafish-brain
#17
Inyoung Jeong, Eunmi Kim, Suhyun Kim, Hwan-Ki Kim, Dong-Won Lee, Jae Young Seong, Hae-Chul Park
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is an evolutionarily conserved neuropeptide implicated in feeding regulation in vertebrates. In mammals, NPY neurons coexpress Agouti-related protein (AgRP) in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus, and NPY/AgRP neurons activate orexigenic signaling to increase food intake. Zebrafish express npy and two agrp genes, agrp1 and agrp2, in the brain. Similar to mammals, NPY and AgRP1 act as orexigenic factors in zebrafish, but the exact distribution of NPY and AgRP neurons in the zebrafish brain and the regulation of these genes by metabolic states remain unclear...
January 9, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329885/innoscent-system-advancing-flavor-analysis-using-an-original-gas-chromatographic-analytical-device
#18
A Villière, S Le Roy, C Fillonneau, C Prost
Despite continuous advances in analytical and physiological knowledge, the comprehension of an aroma is still a challenge. Gas chromatography coupled to olfactometry (GC-O) is an efficient method to identify and estimate individual potential of odorants, but there is a gap between this individual characterization and the effective contribution of compounds in the mixture, which is due to complex chemical and perceptual interactions. Therefore, recombination and omission experiments are often performed to achieve an understanding of food aromas...
December 24, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329842/optimization-of-microwave-assisted-extraction-of-morus-nigra-l-fruits-maximizing-tyrosinase-inhibitory-activity-with-isolation-of-bioactive-constituents
#19
Halil Koyu, Aslihan Kazan, Serdar Demir, Mehmet Zeki Haznedaroglu, Ozlem Yesil-Celiktas
Morus nigra L. is a beneficial food due to rich phenolic components. While aiming higher yields for bioactive constituents, reduction in terms of raw material, solvent, time and energy gained more importance to provide a sustainable life for human and nature. Microwave assisted extraction (MAE) of Morus nigra fruits was optimized in order to elicit process parameters maximizing bioactive metabolites and tyrosinase inhibitory activity. Spectrophotometry and UPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS systems were utilized for quantitative analysis of total phenol, flavonoid and anthocyanin contents...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329724/the-potential-of-cold-plasma-for-safe-and-sustainable-food-production
#20
REVIEW
Paula Bourke, Dana Ziuzina, Daniela Boehm, Patrick J Cullen, Kevin Keener
Cold plasma science and technology is increasingly investigated for translation to a plethora of issues in the agriculture and food sectors. The diversity of the mechanisms of action of cold plasma, and the flexibility as a standalone technology or one that can integrate with other technologies, provide a rich resource for driving innovative solutions. The emerging understanding of the longer-term role of cold plasma reactive species and follow-on effects across a range of systems will suggest how cold plasma may be optimally applied to biological systems in the agricultural and food sectors...
November 30, 2017: Trends in Biotechnology
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