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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283673/a-mixed-methods-assessment-of-the-barriers-and-readiness-for-meeting-the-snap-depth-of-stock-requirements-in-baltimore-s-small-food-stores
#1
Alexandra Ross, Nandita Krishnan, Cara Ruggiero, Deanna Kerrigan, Joel Gittelsohn
We sought to understand Baltimore corner store owners' awareness of and readiness for the then-approved Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program depth of stock requirements and assess potential barriers and solutions. In-depth interviews and stocking observations were conducted in 17 corner stores in low-income food deserts of Baltimore City. Corner store owners conveyed little to no awareness of the pending depth of stock changes. Only two stores were currently ready for the requirements. Low customer demand, high amounts of potential spoilage, and unfair pricing at the wholesaler were identified by store owners as barriers to stocking required foods...
December 28, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247797/effect-of-price-and-information-on-the-food-choices-of-women-university-students-in-saudi-arabia-an-experimental-study
#2
Halimic Aida, Gage Heather, Raats Monique, Williams Peter
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of price manipulation and healthy eating information on intended food choices. DESIGN: Health information was provided to a random half of subjects (vs. information on Saudi agriculture). Each subject chose from the same lunch menu, containing two healthy and two unhealthy entrees, deserts and beverages, on five occasions. Reference case prices were 5, 3 and 2 Saudi Arabian Reals (SARs). Prices of healthy and unhealthy items were manipulated up (taxed) and down (subsidised) by 1 SAR in four menu variations (random order); subjects were given a budget enabling full choice within any menu...
December 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237548/dietary-patterns-and-the-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-among-jordanians-a-case-control-study
#3
R F Tayyem, A E Al-Shudifat, A Johannessen, H A Bawadi, S S AbuMweis, L M Agraib, S S Allhedan, I Haj-Husein, M Azab
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dietary pattern and lifestyle have been reported to be significant risk factors in the development of coronary heart diseases (CHD). The contribution degree of these dietary risk factors in CHD development in non-westernized countries is unclear. This study aimed to evaluate several dietary choices and their potential association with CHD. METHODS AND RESULTS: A case-control study was conducted at Prince Hamza Hospital, a referral center for coronary angiography in Amman, Jordan...
November 8, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215793/genetic-history-of-the-african-sahelian-populations
#4
REVIEW
V Černý, I Kulichová, E S Poloni, J M Nunes, L Pereira, A Mayor, A Sanchez-Mazas
From a biogeographic perspective Africa is subdivided into distinct horizontal belts. Human populations living along the Sahel/Savannah belt south of the Sahara Desert have often been overshadowed by extensive studies focusing on other African populations such as hunter-gatherers or Bantu in particular. However, the Sahel together with the savannah bordering it in the south, is a challenging region where people had and still have to cope with harsh climatic conditions and show resilient behaviours. Besides exponentially growing urban populations, several local groups leading various lifestyles and speaking languages belonging to three main linguistic families still live in rural localities across that region today...
December 7, 2017: HLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214545/daily-activity-patterns-and-thermal-tolerance-of-three-sympatric-dung-beetle-species-scarabaeidae-scarabaeinae-eucraniini-from-the-monte-desert-argentina
#5
V C Giménez Gómez, S B Lomáscolo, G A Zurita, F Ocampo
Tolerance to extreme temperatures, thermal limits, and the mechanisms of thermoregulation are related to internal functions of insects and partly define their ecological niche. We study the association between daily activity of dung beetles from the Monte Desert in Argentina and their tolerance to high temperatures. Results indicate that for all three sympatric species studied, Eucranium belenae Ocampo, Anomiopsoides cavifrons (Burmeister), and Anomiopsoides fedemariai Ocampo, daily activity is associated to ground temperature...
December 6, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198367/can-the-introduction-of-a-full-service-supermarket-in-a-food-desert-improve-residents-economic-status-and-health
#6
Andrea S Richardson, Madhumita Ghosh-Dastidar, Robin Beckman, Karen R Flórez, Amy DeSantis, Rebecca L Collins, Tamara Dubowitz
PURPOSE: To estimate the impacts of a new supermarket in a low-income desert, on residents' economic status and health. METHODS: We surveyed a randomly selected cohort in two low-income Pittsburgh neighborhoods before and about 1 year following the opening of a supermarket. We used difference-in-difference approach to test changes across the two neighborhoods in residents' food security, United States Department of Agriculture Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program and Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women Infant and Children participation, employment, income, and self-reported health/chronic disease diagnoses...
December 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190370/best-practices-for-using-natural-experiments-to-evaluate-retail-food-and-beverage-policies-and-interventions
#7
Lindsey Smith Taillie, Anna H Grummon, Sheila Fleischhacker, Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, Lucia Leone, Caitlin Eicher Caspi
Policy and programmatic change in the food retail setting, including excise taxes on beverages with added-caloric sweeteners, new supermarkets in food deserts, and voluntary corporate pledges, often require the use of natural experimental evaluation for impact evaluation when randomized controlled trials are not possible. Although natural experimental studies in the food retail setting provide important opportunities to test how nonrandomized interventions affect behavioral and health outcomes, researchers face several key challenges to maintaining strong internal and external validity when conducting these studies...
November 28, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143601/morphological-description-and-dna-barcoding-study-of-sand-rice-agriophyllum-squarrosum-chenopodiaceae-collected-in-kazakhstan
#8
Yuliya Genievskaya, Saule Abugalieva, Aibatsha Zhubanysheva, Yerlan Turuspekov
BACKGROUND: Sand rice (Agriophyllum squarrosum (L.) Moq.) is an annual shrub-like plant adapted to the mobile sand dunes in desert and semi-desert regions of Asia. It has a balanced nutrient composition with relatively high concentration of lipids and proteins, which results in its nutrition being similar to legumes. Sand rice's proteins contain the full range of essential amino acids. However, calories content is more similar to wheat. These features together with desert stress resistance make sand rice a potential food crop resilient to ongoing climate change...
November 14, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135909/food-swamps-predict-obesity-rates-better-than-food-deserts-in-the-united-states
#9
Kristen Cooksey-Stowers, Marlene B Schwartz, Kelly D Brownell
This paper investigates the effect of food environments, characterized as food swamps, on adult obesity rates. Food swamps have been described as areas with a high-density of establishments selling high-calorie fast food and junk food, relative to healthier food options. This study examines multiple ways of categorizing food environments as food swamps and food deserts, including alternate versions of the Retail Food Environment Index. We merged food outlet, sociodemographic and obesity data from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Environment Atlas, the American Community Survey, and a commercial street reference dataset...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125558/the-impact-of-a-multi-level-multi-component-childhood-obesity-prevention-intervention-on-healthy-food-availability-sales-and-purchasing-in-a-low-income-urban-area
#10
Joel Gittelsohn, Angela C Trude, Lisa Poirier, Alexandra Ross, Cara Ruggiero, Teresa Schwendler, Elizabeth Anderson Steeves
The multifactorial causes of obesity require multilevel and multicomponent solutions, but such combined strategies have not been tested to improve the community food environment. We evaluated the impact of a multilevel (operating at different levels of the food environment) multicomponent (interventions occurring at the same level) community intervention. The B'more Healthy Communities for Kids (BHCK) intervention worked at the wholesaler (n = 3), corner store (n = 50), carryout (n = 30), recreation center (n = 28), household (n = 365) levels to improve availability, purchasing, and consumption of healthier foods and beverages (low-sugar, low-fat) in low-income food desert predominantly African American zones in the city of Baltimore (MD, USA), ultimately intending to lead to decreased weight gain in children (not reported in this manuscript)...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074991/ants-navigation-in-an-unfamiliar-environment-is-influenced-by-their-experience-of-a-familiar-route
#11
Sebastian Schwarz, Antoine Wystrach, Ken Cheng
When displaced experimentally from a food source (feeder) to unfamiliar terrain, ants run off a portion of the homeward vector or its entirety, depending on species and conditions, and then search systematically, turning in loops of ever increasing size. The Australian desert ant Melophorus bagoti runs off a smaller portion of its vector if the test site is more dissimilar to its nest area. Here we manipulated familiarity with the training route between a feeder and the ants' nest to examine its effects when the ants were displaced to a distant site from the feeder...
October 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057794/food-and-beverage-availability-in-small-food-stores-located-in-healthy-food-financing-initiative-eligible-communities
#12
Chelsea R Singleton, Yu Li, Ana Clara Duran, Shannon N Zenk, Angela Odoms-Young, Lisa M Powell
Food deserts are a major public health concern. This study aimed to assess food and beverage availability in four underserved communities eligible to receive funding from the Healthy Food Financing Initiative (HFFI). Data analyzed are part of a quasi-experimental study evaluating the impact of the HFFI on the retail food environment in selected Illinois communities. In 2015, 127 small grocery and limited service stores located in the four selected communities were audited. All communities had a large percentage of low-income and African-American residents...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048750/isotopic-niche-variation-from-the-holocene-to-today-reveals-minimal-partitioning-and-individualistic-dynamics-among-four-sympatric-desert-mice
#13
Rebecca C Terry
1.Species interact with each other and their environment over a range of temporal scales, yet our understanding of resource partitioning and the mechanisms of species coexistence is largely restricted to modern time-scales of years to decades. Furthermore, the relative magnitudes of inter- versus intraspecific variation in resource use are rarely considered, despite the potential for the latter to influence a species' ability to cope with changing environmental conditions. 2.Modern desert rodent communities are thought to be strongly structured by competitive interactions, with niche partitioning of food resources hypothesized to explain the coexistence of multiple sympatric granivores...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043762/food-deserts-in-winnipeg-canada-a-novel-method-for-measuring-a-complex-and-contested-construct
#14
Joyce Slater, Stefan Epp-Koop, Megan Jakilazek, Chris Green
INTRODUCTION: "Food deserts" have emerged over the past 20 years as spaces of concern for communities, public health authorities and researchers because of their potential negative impact on dietary quality and subsequent health outcomes. Food deserts are residential geographic spaces, typically in urban settings, where low-income residents have limited or no access to retail food establishments with sufficient variety at affordable cost. Research on food deserts presents methodological challenges including retail food store identification and classification, identification of low-income populations, and transportation and proximity metrics...
October 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037243/gardening-in-the-desert-a-spatial-optimization-approach-to-locating-gardens-in-rapidly-expanding-urban-environments
#15
Elizabeth A Mack, Daoqin Tong, Kevin Credit
BACKGROUND: Food access is a global issue, and for this reason, a wealth of studies are dedicated to understanding the location of food deserts and the benefits of urban gardens. However, few studies have linked these two strands of research together to analyze whether urban gardening activity may be a step forward in addressing issues of access for food desert residents. METHODS: The Phoenix, Arizona metropolitan area is used as a case to demonstrate the utility of spatial optimization models for siting urban gardens near food deserts and on vacant land...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994359/weight-resilience-and-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-among-african-american-women-in-an-obesogenic-environment
#16
Sara M Parisi, Lisa M Bodnar, Tamara Dubowitz
OBJECTIVE: To investigate relationships between weight resilience (maintaining a normal weight in a food desert environment) and fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake, attitudes and barriers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, in-person surveys collected May-December 2011, including self-reported data on F&V-related psychosocial factors, attitudes and barriers. Two 24 h dietary recalls were completed; weight and height were measured. Multivariable regression models estimated prevalence ratios (95 % CI)...
October 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991156/baseline-assessment-of-a-healthy-corner-store-initiative-associations-between-food-store-environments-shopping-patterns-customer-purchases-and-dietary-intake-in-eastern-north-carolina
#17
Stephanie B Jilcott Pitts, Qiang Wu, Kimberly P Truesdale, Melissa N Laska, Taras Grinchak, Jared T McGuirt, Lindsey Haynes-Maslow, Ronny A Bell, Alice S Ammerman
In 2016, the North Carolina (NC) Legislature allocated $250,000 to the NC Department of Agriculture, to identify and equip small food retailers to stock healthier foods and beverages in eastern NC food deserts (the NC Healthy Food Small Retailer Program, HFSRP). The purpose of this study was to examine associations between food store environments, shopping patterns, customer purchases, and dietary consumption among corner store customers. We surveyed 479 customers in 16 corner stores regarding demographics, food purchased, shopping patterns, and self-reported fruit, vegetable, and soda consumption...
October 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981964/long-distance-flights-and-high-risk-breeding-by-nomadic-waterbirds-on-desert-salt-lakes
#18
Reece D Pedler, Raoul F H Ribot, Andrew T D Bennett
Understanding and conserving mobile species presents complex challenges, especially for animals in stochastic or changing environments. Nomadic waterbirds must locate temporary water in arid biomes where rainfall is highly unpredictable in space and time. To achieve this they need to travel over vast spatial scales and time arrival to exploit pulses in food resources. How they achieve this is an enduring mystery.  We investigated these challenges in the colonial-nesting Banded Stilt (Cladorhynchus leucocephalus), a nomadic shorebird of conservation concern...
October 5, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981402/examining-the-food-retail-choice-context-in-urban-food-deserts-ohio-2015
#19
Stephanie N Pike, Erika S Trapl, Jill K Clark, Chaturia D Rouse, Bethany A Bell, Ashwini R Sehgal, Thomas To, Elaine Borawski, Darcy A Freedman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961409/viruses-in-soil-ecosystems-an-unknown-quantity-within-an-unexplored-territory
#20
REVIEW
Kurt E Williamson, Jeffry J Fuhrmann, K Eric Wommack, Mark Radosevich
Viral abundance in soils can range from below detection limits in hot deserts to over 1 billion per gram in wetlands. Abundance appears to be strongly influenced by water availability and temperature, but a lack of informational standards creates difficulties for cross-study analysis. Soil viral diversity is severely underestimated and undersampled, although current measures of viral richness are higher for soils than for aquatic ecosystems. Both morphometric and metagenomic analyses have raised questions about the prevalence of nontailed, ssDNA viruses in soils...
September 29, 2017: Annual Review of Virology
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