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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140663/a-recipe-for-justice-support-for-a-federal-food-justice-interagency-working-group
#1
Melanie Pugh
Systemic social justice issues are characterized as having complex and far-reaching causes. Food justice is one such an issue. Food justice is defined as “justice for all [people] in the food system,” from agricultural production to consumer products. Policies seeking to remedy systemic social justice issues often need to include the attention of many levels of government and coordination across multiple agencies to move issues forward. That is why finding a model for interagency collaboration that has evidenced success, especially over the long-term, is inspiring and worth mirroring...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109377/sensitizing-black-adult-and-youth-consumers-to-targeted-food-marketing-tactics-in-their-environments
#2
Katherine Isselmann DiSantis, Shiriki Kumanyika, Lori Carter-Edwards, Deborah Rohm Young, Sonya A Grier, Vikki Lassiter
Food marketing environments of Black American consumers are heavily affected by ethnically-targeted marketing of sugar sweetened beverages, fast foods, and other products that may contribute to caloric overconsumption. This qualitative study assessed Black consumers' responses to targeted marketing. Black adults (2 mixed gender groups; total n = 30) and youth (2 gender specific groups; total n = 35) from two U.S. communities participated before and after a sensitization procedure-a critical practice used to understand social justice concerns...
October 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107462/each-meal-matters-in-the-exposome-biological-and-community-considerations-in-fast-food-socioeconomic-associations
#3
Susan L Prescott, Alan C Logan
Advances in omics and microbiome technology have transformed the ways in which the biological consequences of life in the 'ecological theatre' can be visualized. Exposome science examines the total accumulated environmental exposures (both detrimental and beneficial) as a means to understand the response of the 'total organism to the total environment' over time. The repetitive stimulation of compensatory physiological responses (immune, cardiovascular, neuroendocrine) in response to stress - including sources of stress highly relevant to socioeconomic disadvantage - may lead to metabolic dysregulation and cellular damage, ultimately influencing behavior and disease...
September 27, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092631/around-the-corner-to-better-health-a-milwaukee-corner-store-initiative
#4
Staci Young, Melissa DeNomie, JoAnne Sabir, Eric Gass, Jessie Tobin
PURPOSE: To discuss successes and challenges of a collaborative pilot project to increase healthy food availability in corner stores in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The Lindsay Heights Healthy Corner Store Initiative aimed to help corner stores sell high-quality produce by increasing supply of healthy foods and funding minor store upgrades to facilitate change. DESIGN: Evaluation research. SETTING: Milwaukee, Wisconsin. PARTICIPANTS: Corner stores; youth and adult community members...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090010/stem-cell-research-and-clinical-translation-a-roadmap-about-good-clinical-practice-and-patient-care
#5
REVIEW
Paola Frati, Matteo Scopetti, Alessandro Santurro, Vittorio Gatto, Vittorio Fineschi
The latest research achievements in the field of stem cells led in 2016 to the publication of "Guidelines for Stem Cell Research and Clinical Translation" by the International Society for Stem Cell Research (ISSCR). Updating the topics covered in previous publications, the new recommendations offer interesting ethical and scientific insights. Under the common principles of research integrity, protection of patient's welfare, respect for the research subjects, transparency and social justice, the centrality of good clinical practice, and informed consent in research and translational medicine is supported...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081571/beyond-multispecies-ethnography-engaging-with-violence-and-animal-rights-in-anthropology
#6
REVIEW
Helen Kopnina
Anthropologists have mediated between discriminated communities and outsiders, helping to influence public opinion through advocacy work. But can anthropological advocacy be applied to the case of violence against nonhumans? Ethical inquiries in anthropology also engage with the manifold ways through which human and nonhuman lives are entangled and emplaced within wider ecological relationships, converging in the so-called multispecies ethnography, but failing to account for exploitation. Reflecting on this omission, this article discusses the applicability of engaged anthropology to the range of issues from the use of nonhumans in medical experimentation and food production industry, to habitat destruction, and in broader contexts involving violence against nonhumans...
September 2017: Critique of Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061141/a-multi-stakeholder-evaluation-of-the-baltimore-city-virtual-supermarket-program
#7
Pooja Lagisetty, Laura Flamm, Summer Rak, Jessica Landgraf, Michele Heisler, Jane Forman
BACKGROUND: Increasing access to healthy foods and beverages in disadvantaged communities is a public health priority due to alarmingly high rates of obesity. The Virtual Supermarket Program (VSP) is a Baltimore City Health Department program that uses online grocery ordering to deliver food to low-income neighborhoods. This study evaluates stakeholder preferences and barriers of program implementation. METHODS: This study assessed the feasibility, sustainability and efficacy of the VSP by surveying 93 customers and interviewing 14 programmatic stakeholders who had recently used the VSP or been involved with program design and implementation...
October 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049113/the-us-opioid-crisis-current-federal-and-state-legal-issues
#8
REVIEW
Cobin D Soelberg, Raeford E Brown, Derick Du Vivier, John E Meyer, Banu K Ramachandran
The United States is in the midst of a devastating opioid misuse epidemic leading to over 33,000 deaths per year from both prescription and illegal opioids. Roughly half of these deaths are attributable to prescription opioids. Federal and state governments have only recently begun to grasp the magnitude of this public health crisis. In 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released their Guidelines for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain. While not comprehensive in scope, these guidelines attempt to control and regulate opioid prescribing...
November 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941034/genome-wide-interactions-with-dairy-intake-for-body-mass-index-in-adults-of-european-descent
#9
Caren E Smith, Jack L Follis, Hassan S Dashti, Toshiko Tanaka, Mariaelisa Graff, Amanda M Fretts, Tuomas O Kilpeläinen, Mary K Wojczynski, Kris Richardson, Mike A Nalls, Christina-Alexandra Schulz, Yongmei Liu, Alexis C Frazier-Wood, Esther van Eekelen, Carol Wang, Paul S de Vries, Vera Mikkilä, Rebecca Rohde, Bruce M Psaty, Torben Hansen, Mary F Feitosa, Chao-Qiang Lai, Denise K Houston, Luigi Ferruci, Ulrika Ericson, Zhe Wang, Renée de Mutsert, Wendy H Oddy, Ester A L de Jonge, Ilkka Seppälä, Anne E Justice, Rozenn N Lemaitre, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Michael A Province, Laurence D Parnell, Melissa E Garcia, Stefania Bandinelli, Marju Orho-Melander, Stephen S Rich, Frits R Rosendaal, Craig E Pennell, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Mika Kähönen, Kristin L Young, Oluf Pedersen, Stella Aslibekyan, Jerome I Rotter, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, M Carola Zillikens, Olli T Raitakari, Kari E North, Kim Overvad, Donna K Arnett, Albert Hofman, Terho Lehtimäki, Anne Tjønneland, André G Uitterlinden, Fernando Rivadeneira, Oscar H Franco, J Bruce German, David S Siscovick, L Adrienne Cupples, José M Ordovás
SCOPE: Body weight responds variably to the intake of dairy foods. Genetic variation may contribute to inter-individual variability in associations between body weight and dairy consumption. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a genome-wide interaction study to discover genetic variants that account for variation in BMI in the context of low-fat, high-fat and total dairy intake in cross-sectional analysis. Data from 9 discovery studies (up to 25,513 European descent individuals) were meta-analyzed...
September 21, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938866/the-interpretation-of-hair-analysis-for-drugs-and-drug-metabolites
#10
Eva Cuypers, Robert J Flanagan
INTRODUCTION: Head hair analysis for drugs and drug metabolites has been used widely with the aim of detecting exposure in the weeks or months prior to sample collection. However, inappropriate interpretation of results has likely led to serious miscarriages of justice, especially in child custody cases. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to assess critically what can, and perhaps more importantly, what cannot be claimed as regards the interpretation of hair test results in a given set of circumstances in order to inform future testing...
September 22, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859869/conservatism-predicts-lapses-from-vegetarian-vegan-diets-to-meat-consumption-through-lower-social-justice-concerns-and-social-support
#11
Gordon Hodson, Megan Earle
Lapses from vegetarian and vegan (i.e., veg*n) food choices to meat consumption are very common, suggesting that sustaining veg*nism is challenging. But little is known about why people return to eating animals after initially deciding to avoid meat consumption. Several potential explanatory factors include personal inconvenience, meat cravings, awkwardness in social settings, or health/nutrition concerns. Here we test the degree to which political ideology predicts lapsing to meat consumption. Past research demonstrates that political ideology predicts present levels of meat consumption, whereby those higher in right-wing ideologies eat more animals, even after controlling for their hedonistic liking of meat (e...
January 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749710/first-food-justice-infant-feeding-disparities-and-the-first-food-system
#12
Erica Morrell
Breastfeeding and first foods--including human milk and infant formula--affect us all as individuals and a society of eaters and feeders. They also shape us in part through having significant effects on community health and well-being, workplace strength, and environmental integrity. In addition, we all affect breastfeeding and first foods. Society, the economy, and the environment constrain and enable breastfeeding success, for example, and they often do so differently by race, class, and other social categories...
October 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749152/when-fellow-customers-behave-badly-witness-reactions-to-employee-mistreatment-by-customers
#13
M Sandy Hershcovis, Namita Bhatnagar
In 3 experiments, we examined how customers react after witnessing a fellow customer mistreat an employee. Drawing on the deontic model of justice, we argue that customer mistreatment of employees leads witnesses (i.e., other customers) to leave larger tips, engage in supportive employee-directed behaviors, and evaluate employees more positively (Studies 1 and 2). We also theorize that witnesses develop less positive treatment intentions and more negative retaliatory intentions toward perpetrators, with anger and empathy acting as parallel mediators of our perpetrator- and target-directed outcomes, respectively...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690950/the-role-of-parents-literacy-in-malnutrition-of-children-under-the-age-of-five-years-in-a-semi-urban-community-of-pakistan-a-case-control-study
#14
Umme K Khattak, Saima P Iqbal, Haider Ghazanfar
OBJECTIVES: According to a recent survey, Pakistan was ranked as the third highest country with malnutrition and the under-five child mortality. No realistic solution for this growing problem has been found despite the fact that the struggle to tackle the issue of malnutrition among young Pakistani children has been going on for the last several decades. The objective of our study was to look into the relationship between parental education and malnutrition in Pakistan and to make a recommendation to improve the nutritional condition of the children...
June 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689609/parental-history-of-disruptive-life-events-and-household-food-insecurity
#15
Dylan B Jackson, Michael G Vaughn
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a history of disruptive life events (ie, school suspension or expulsion, job termination, hospitalization for mental health, and/or criminal justice involvement) among parents is positively associated with household food insecurity. DESIGN: Structured interviews and self-report surveys. SETTING: Households across all 50 states in the US. PARTICIPANTS: Subsample of 6,270 households that participated in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort with valid maternal and paternal data...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672802/bioethical-considerations-of-advancing-the-application-of-marine-biotechnology-and-aquaculture
#16
Reginal M Harrell
Normative ethical considerations of growth of the marine biotechnology and aquaculture disciplines in biopharming, food production, and marine products commercialization from a bioethical perspective have been limited. This paucity of information begs the question of what constitutes a bioethical approach (i.e., respect for individuals or autonomy; beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice) to marine biotechnology and aquaculture, and whether it is one that is appropriate for consideration. Currently, thoughtful discussion on the bioethical implications of use, development, and commercialization of marine organisms or their products, as well as potential environmental effects, defaults to human biomedicine as a model...
June 24, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426620/committee-opinion-no-699-adolescent-pregnancy-contraception-and-sexual-activity
#17
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, the birth rate among U.S. adolescents and young adults (aged 15-19 years) reached a historic low at 22.3 per 1,000 women. Despite positive trends, the United States continues to have the highest adolescent pregnancy rate among industrialized countries with data. Racial and ethnic disparities in adolescent pregnancy rates continue to exist, as do state-based differences in pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports access for adolescents to all contraceptive methods approved by the U...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426615/committee-opinion-no-699-adolescent-pregnancy-contraception-and-sexual-activity
#18
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, the birth rate among U.S. adolescents and young adults (aged 15-19 years) reached a historic low at 22.3 per 1,000 women. Despite positive trends, the United States continues to have the highest adolescent pregnancy rate among industrialized countries with data. Racial and ethnic disparities in adolescent pregnancy rates continue to exist, as do state-based differences in pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports access for adolescents to all contraceptive methods approved by the U...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355049/schedules-of-controlled-substances-placement-of-fda-approved-products-of-oral-solutions-containing-dronabinol-delta-9-transtetrahydrocannabinol-delta-9-thc-in-schedule-ii-interim-final-rule-with-request-for-comments
#19
(no author information available yet)
On July 1, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a new drug application for Syndros, a drug product consisting of dronabinol [(-)-delta-9-trans-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-9-THC)] oral solution. Thereafter, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) provided the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) with a scheduling recommendation that would result in Syndros (and other oral solutions containing dronabinol) being placed in schedule II of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). In accordance with the CSA, as revised by the Improving Regulatory Transparency for New Medical Therapies Act, DEA is hereby issuing an interim final rule placing FDA-approved products of oral solutions containing dronabinol in schedule II of the CSA...
March 23, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108712/where-s-welfare-redesigning-our-food-for-the-future
#20
(no author information available yet)
While there is a need to feed a growing global population, this must be done in a way that is compatible with achieving climate change objectives and promoting social justice and environmental stewardship, while also accounting for the interests of animals farmed for food. A session at the BVA Congress during the London Vet Show in November asked where animal welfare might lie within future food production systems. Olivia Azouaghe reports.
January 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
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