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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757116/social-marketing-nutrition-education-for-low-income-population
#1
Rachel Hagues, Sarah Stotz, Austin Childers, Joe Phua, Judy Hibbs, Deborah Murray, Jung Sun Lee
As access to healthy food (or lack thereof) could be considered a social justice issue, social workers should be concerned about this issue and willing to collaborate with colleagues of various disciplines to address it. This study was a formative evaluation conducted to understand best practices, recommendations, and feasibility of a social-marketing-based nutrition education program tailored to the needs of adults with limited income. The authors report findings from focus groups conducted with Cooperative Extension Agents (CEAs) and region coordinators (n = 45) and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education (SNAP-Ed) (n = 69) eligible participants to inform the development of a social marketing nutrition intervention for SNAP-Ed in Georgia...
May 14, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753985/deliberations-about-a-perfect-storm-the-meaning-of-justice-for-food-energy-water-nexus-few-nexus
#2
Holger Schlör, Sandra Venghaus, Wiltrud Fischer, Carolin Märker, Jürgen-Friedrich Hake
The current global developments have the potential to cause a 'perfect storm' at the core of the Anthropocene: the Food-Energy-Water-Nexus. To discuss the ethical consequences of these developments, i.e., insufficient access to the life sustaining nexus resources, the analysis is focused on Rawls' theory of justice and its implementation in Germany with a special focus on the FEW nexus. Rawls stresses in his theory of justice the prominent meaning of institutions for a fair society to meet societal challenges and to meet the challenge of our time: a stable and just society...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669642/the-nurse-philanthropist-where-care-and-cause-meet
#3
Najah Bazzy
A transcultural clinical nurse specialist narrates how nursing has provided ways to exercise her passion for the clinical intellect as it intersects with the compassion of the heart. She encourages nurses to become social justice entrepreneurs, or what she terms Nurse Philanthropists, devoting time, talent, and energy to social justice issues as activists, advocates, and ambassadors. Florence Nightingale was the first Nurse Philanthropist, using wealth she inherited to establish St. Thomas Hospital in London...
April 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570040/chemical-warfare-in-colombia-evidentiary-ecologies-and-senti-actuando-practices-of-justice
#4
Kristina Lyons
Between 1994 and 2015, militarized aerial fumigation was a central component of US-Colombia antidrug policy. Crop duster planes sprayed a concentrated formula of Monsanto's herbicide, glyphosate, over illicit crops, and also forests, soils, pastures, livestock, watersheds, subsistence food and human bodies. Given that a national peace agreement was signed in 2016 between FARC-EP guerrillas and the state to end Colombia's over five decades of war, certain government officials are quick to proclaim aerial fumigation of glyphosate an issue of the past...
March 1, 2018: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543558/-they-lacked-the-right-food-a-brief-history-of-breastfeeding-and-the-quest-for-social-justice
#5
Jacqueline H Wolf
In the late 19th-century United States and Europe, infants died at high rates from diarrhea. Physicians and social justice advocates responded to the public health crisis with attempts to clean up the water and cows' milk supplies, as well as social welfare legislation and assorted educational efforts to help mothers better care for their children. Most visible among the educational efforts were breastfeeding campaigns. A century later in developing countries, physicians and activists were confronted with a similar problem-infants dying from diarrhea due to the unethical advertising and marketing practices of formula companies...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466996/-just-because-she-s-young-it-doesn-t-mean-she-has-to-die-exploring-the-contributing-factors-to-high-maternal-mortality-in-adolescents-in-eastern-freetown-a-qualitative-study
#6
Lucy November, Jane Sandall
BACKGROUND: In Sierra Leone, 34% of pregnancies and 40% of maternal deaths are in the adolescent population. Risks are known to be higher for younger adolescents, this being borne out by a household survey in Eastern Freetown in 2015. This current qualitative study, funded by Wellbeing of Women's international midwifery fellowship, was conducted to explore the causes of this high incidence of maternal death for younger teenagers, and to identify possible interventions to improve outcomes...
February 21, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466133/ethical-dilemmas-in-protecting-susceptible-subpopulations-from-environmental-health-risks-liberty-utility-fairness-and-accountability-for-reasonableness
#7
David B Resnik, D Robert MacDougall, Elise M Smith
Various U.S. laws, such as the Clean Air Act and the Food Quality Protection Act, require additional protections for susceptible subpopulations who face greater environmental health risks. The main ethical rationale for providing these protections is to ensure that environmental health risks are distributed fairly. In this article, we (1) consider how several influential theories of justice deal with issues related to the distribution of environmental health risks; (2) show that these theories often fail to provide specific guidance concerning policy choices; and (3) argue that an approach to public decision making known as accountability for reasonableness can complement theories of justice in establishing acceptable environmental health risks for the general population and susceptible subpopulations...
March 2018: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425061/correction-to-first-food-justice-infant-feeding-disparities-and-the-first-food-system-by-morrell-e-breastfeed-med-2017-12-8-489-492-doi-10-1089-bfm-2017-0088
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232070/schedules-of-controlled-substances-placement-of-fda-approved-products-of-oral-solutions-containing-dronabinol-delta-9-trans-tetrahydrocannabinol-delta-9-thc-in-schedule-ii-final-rule
#9
(no author information available yet)
This final rule adopts without changes an interim final rule with request for comments published in the Federal Register on March 23, 2017. On July 1, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a new drug application for Syndros, a drug product consisting of dronabinol [(-)-delta-9-trans-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-9-THC)] oral solution. The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) maintains FDA-approved products of oral solutions containing dronabinol in schedule II of the Controlled Substances Act...
November 22, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219089/health-impacts-of-climate-change-and-health-and-social-inequalities-in-the-uk
#10
REVIEW
Jouni Paavola
This article examines how social and health inequalities shape the health impacts of climate change in the UK, and what the implications are for climate change adaptation and health care provision. The evidence generated by the other articles of the special issue were interpreted using social justice reasoning in light of additional literature, to draw out the key implications of health and social inequalities for health outcomes of climate change. Exposure to heat and cold, air pollution, pollen, food safety risks, disruptions to access to and functioning of health services and facilities, emerging infections and flooding are examined as the key impacts of climate change influencing health outcomes...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140663/a-recipe-for-justice-support-for-a-federal-food-justice-interagency-working-group
#11
Melanie Pugh
Systemic social justice issues are characterized as having complex and far-reaching causes. Food justice is one such an issue. Food justice is defined as “justice for all [people] in the food system,” from agricultural production to consumer products. Policies seeking to remedy systemic social justice issues often need to include the attention of many levels of government and coordination across multiple agencies to move issues forward. That is why finding a model for interagency collaboration that has evidenced success, especially over the long-term, is inspiring and worth mirroring...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109377/sensitizing-black-adult-and-youth-consumers-to-targeted-food-marketing-tactics-in-their-environments
#12
Katherine Isselmann DiSantis, Shiriki Kumanyika, Lori Carter-Edwards, Deborah Rohm Young, Sonya A Grier, Vikki Lassiter
Food marketing environments of Black American consumers are heavily affected by ethnically-targeted marketing of sugar sweetened beverages, fast foods, and other products that may contribute to caloric overconsumption. This qualitative study assessed Black consumers' responses to targeted marketing. Black adults (2 mixed gender groups; total n = 30) and youth (2 gender specific groups; total n = 35) from two U.S. communities participated before and after a sensitization procedure-a critical practice used to understand social justice concerns...
October 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107462/each-meal-matters-in-the-exposome-biological-and-community-considerations-in-fast-food-socioeconomic-associations
#13
Susan L Prescott, Alan C Logan
Advances in omics and microbiome technology have transformed the ways in which the biological consequences of life in the 'ecological theatre' can be visualized. Exposome science examines the total accumulated environmental exposures (both detrimental and beneficial) as a means to understand the response of the 'total organism to the total environment' over time. The repetitive stimulation of compensatory physiological responses (immune, cardiovascular, neuroendocrine) in response to stress - including sources of stress highly relevant to socioeconomic disadvantage - may lead to metabolic dysregulation and cellular damage, ultimately influencing behavior and disease...
November 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092631/around-the-corner-to-better-health-a-milwaukee-corner-store-initiative
#14
Staci Young, Melissa DeNomie, JoAnne Sabir, Eric Gass, Jessie Tobin
PURPOSE: To discuss successes and challenges of a collaborative pilot project to increase healthy food availability in corner stores in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The Lindsay Heights Healthy Corner Store Initiative aimed to help corner stores sell high-quality produce by increasing supply of healthy foods and funding minor store upgrades to facilitate change. DESIGN: Evaluation research. SETTING: Milwaukee, Wisconsin. PARTICIPANTS: Corner stores; youth and adult community members...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090010/stem-cell-research-and-clinical-translation-a-roadmap-about-good-clinical-practice-and-patient-care
#15
REVIEW
Paola Frati, Matteo Scopetti, Alessandro Santurro, Vittorio Gatto, Vittorio Fineschi
The latest research achievements in the field of stem cells led in 2016 to the publication of "Guidelines for Stem Cell Research and Clinical Translation" by the International Society for Stem Cell Research (ISSCR). Updating the topics covered in previous publications, the new recommendations offer interesting ethical and scientific insights. Under the common principles of research integrity, protection of patient's welfare, respect for the research subjects, transparency and social justice, the centrality of good clinical practice, and informed consent in research and translational medicine is supported...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081571/beyond-multispecies-ethnography-engaging-with-violence-and-animal-rights-in-anthropology
#16
REVIEW
Helen Kopnina
Anthropologists have mediated between discriminated communities and outsiders, helping to influence public opinion through advocacy work. But can anthropological advocacy be applied to the case of violence against nonhumans? Ethical inquiries in anthropology also engage with the manifold ways through which human and nonhuman lives are entangled and emplaced within wider ecological relationships, converging in the so-called multispecies ethnography, but failing to account for exploitation. Reflecting on this omission, this article discusses the applicability of engaged anthropology to the range of issues from the use of nonhumans in medical experimentation and food production industry, to habitat destruction, and in broader contexts involving violence against nonhumans...
September 2017: Critique of Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061141/a-multi-stakeholder-evaluation-of-the-baltimore-city-virtual-supermarket-program
#17
Pooja Lagisetty, Laura Flamm, Summer Rak, Jessica Landgraf, Michele Heisler, Jane Forman
BACKGROUND: Increasing access to healthy foods and beverages in disadvantaged communities is a public health priority due to alarmingly high rates of obesity. The Virtual Supermarket Program (VSP) is a Baltimore City Health Department program that uses online grocery ordering to deliver food to low-income neighborhoods. This study evaluates stakeholder preferences and barriers of program implementation. METHODS: This study assessed the feasibility, sustainability and efficacy of the VSP by surveying 93 customers and interviewing 14 programmatic stakeholders who had recently used the VSP or been involved with program design and implementation...
October 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049113/the-us-opioid-crisis-current-federal-and-state-legal-issues
#18
REVIEW
Cobin D Soelberg, Raeford E Brown, Derick Du Vivier, John E Meyer, Banu K Ramachandran
The United States is in the midst of a devastating opioid misuse epidemic leading to over 33,000 deaths per year from both prescription and illegal opioids. Roughly half of these deaths are attributable to prescription opioids. Federal and state governments have only recently begun to grasp the magnitude of this public health crisis. In 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released their Guidelines for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain. While not comprehensive in scope, these guidelines attempt to control and regulate opioid prescribing...
November 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941034/genome-wide-interactions-with-dairy-intake-for-body-mass-index-in-adults-of-european-descent
#19
Caren E Smith, Jack L Follis, Hassan S Dashti, Toshiko Tanaka, Mariaelisa Graff, Amanda M Fretts, Tuomas O Kilpeläinen, Mary K Wojczynski, Kris Richardson, Mike A Nalls, Christina-Alexandra Schulz, Yongmei Liu, Alexis C Frazier-Wood, Esther van Eekelen, Carol Wang, Paul S de Vries, Vera Mikkilä, Rebecca Rohde, Bruce M Psaty, Torben Hansen, Mary F Feitosa, Chao-Qiang Lai, Denise K Houston, Luigi Ferruci, Ulrika Ericson, Zhe Wang, Renée de Mutsert, Wendy H Oddy, Ester A L de Jonge, Ilkka Seppälä, Anne E Justice, Rozenn N Lemaitre, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Michael A Province, Laurence D Parnell, Melissa E Garcia, Stefania Bandinelli, Marju Orho-Melander, Stephen S Rich, Frits R Rosendaal, Craig E Pennell, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Mika Kähönen, Kristin L Young, Oluf Pedersen, Stella Aslibekyan, Jerome I Rotter, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, M Carola Zillikens, Olli T Raitakari, Kari E North, Kim Overvad, Donna K Arnett, Albert Hofman, Terho Lehtimäki, Anne Tjønneland, André G Uitterlinden, Fernando Rivadeneira, Oscar H Franco, J Bruce German, David S Siscovick, L Adrienne Cupples, José M Ordovás
SCOPE: Body weight responds variably to the intake of dairy foods. Genetic variation may contribute to inter-individual variability in associations between body weight and dairy consumption. METHODS AND RESULTS: A genome-wide interaction study to discover genetic variants that account for variation in BMI in the context of low-fat, high-fat and total dairy intake in cross-sectional analysis was conducted. Data from nine discovery studies (up to 25 513 European descent individuals) were meta-analyzed...
February 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938866/the-interpretation-of-hair-analysis-for-drugs-and-drug-metabolites
#20
Eva Cuypers, Robert J Flanagan
INTRODUCTION: Head hair analysis for drugs and drug metabolites has been used widely with the aim of detecting exposure in the weeks or months prior to sample collection. However, inappropriate interpretation of results has likely led to serious miscarriages of justice, especially in child custody cases. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to assess critically what can, and perhaps more importantly, what cannot be claimed as regards the interpretation of hair test results in a given set of circumstances in order to inform future testing...
February 2018: Clinical Toxicology
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