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Psychological anthropology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609674/young-adult-victimization-and-midlife-consequences-sensitization-or-steeling-effects-of-childhood-adversity
#1
Elaine Eggleston Doherty, Brittany Jaecques, Kerry M Green, Margaret E Ensminger
The interrelationship between victimization, violence, and substance use/abuse has been well established, yet those who experience victimization do not necessarily respond with violence or substance use or escalate to experiencing substance abuse symptoms. Drawing on literature from both the syndemic research from medical anthropology and the resilience research from psychology, this study examines the interaction between early childhood adversity and young adult violent victimization on later substance use/abuse and violent offending to provide insight into conditional effects...
April 1, 2018: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608128/prenatal-and-postnatal-mother-to-child-transmission-of-acculturation-s-health-effects-in-hispanic-americans
#2
Molly Fox, Zaneta M Thayer, Isabel F Ramos, Sarah J Meskal, Pathik D Wadhwa
BACKGROUND: Hispanic Americans consistently exhibit an intergenerational increase in the prevalence of many noncommunicable chronic physical and mental disorders. METHODS: We review and synthesize evidence suggesting that a constellation of prenatal and postnatal factors may play crucial roles in explaining this trend. We draw from relevant literature across several disciplines, including epidemiology, anthropology, psychology, medicine (obstetrics, neonatology), and developmental biology...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607097/anthropology-in-public-health-emergencies-what-is-anthropology-good-for
#3
REVIEW
Darryl Stellmach, Isabel Beshar, Juliet Bedford, Philipp du Cros, Beverley Stringer
Recent outbreaks of Ebola virus disease (2013-2016) and Zika virus (2015-2016) bring renewed recognition of the need to understand social pathways of disease transmission and barriers to care. Social scientists, anthropologists in particular, have been recognised as important players in disease outbreak response because of their ability to assess social, economic and political factors in local contexts. However, in emergency public health response, as with any interdisciplinary setting, different professions may disagree over methods, ethics and the nature of evidence itself...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537069/japanese-american-confinement-and-scientific-democracy-colonialism-social-engineering-and-government-administration
#4
Karin Alejandra Rosemblatt, Leandro Daniel Benmergui
During World War II, the U.S. Indian Service conducted social science experiments regarding governance among Japanese Americans imprisoned at the Poston, Arizona, camp. Researchers used an array of techniques culled from anthropological culture and personality studies, psychiatry, psychology, medicine, and public opinion research to probe how the personality traits of the confined Japanese-Americans and camp leaders affected the social interactions within each group and between them. The research drew on prior studies of Indian personality in the US Southwest, Mexico's Native policies, and indirect colonial rule...
March 14, 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528598/-depression-in-adolescents-and-multiculturality-a-multifactorial-analysis-of-psychological-suffering-inside-a-family-in-crisis
#5
B Rosenfeld, V Delvenne
The complexity of depressive diagnosis and other forms of expression of psychological suffering during adolescence explain why particular caution is required. The medico-psycho-social determinants of teenager's mental health enjoin us to support a holistic analysis of these situations. Different analysis spectra - symptomatic, environnemental, anthropological, cultural - allow us to understand a situation at different levels of interpretation. As we will see through a clinical case examination, the difficulty of depressive diagnosis in a multicultural background is increased by the ethnocentrical aspect of this category...
2018: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524048/uses-and-meanings-of-context-in-studies-on-children-s-knowledge-a-viewpoint-from-anthropology-and-constructivist-psychology
#6
Mariana García Palacios, Paula Shabel, Axel Horn, José Antonio Castorina
Though context has yet to receive an unequivocal definition, it is a concept that frequently appears in research in children's knowledge and its construction. This article examines the scope and meaning of context in genetic psychology and social anthropology in order to better understand the relationship between children's construction of knowledge and the context in which it occurs. Meta-theoretical, theoretical and methodological complexities arise when the concept is analyzed in the two disciplines, and these will also be addressed herein...
March 9, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521067/social-and-medical-determinants-of-quality-of-life-and-life-satisfaction-in-women-with-turner-syndrome
#7
Wacław Jeż, Beata Tobiasz-Adamczyk, Piotr Brzyski, Mikołaj Majkowicz, Piotr Pankiewicz, Tomasz J Irzyniec
BACKGROUND: Turner syndrome (TS) appears in women as a result of the lack of part or the whole of one of the X chromosomes. It is characterized by the occurrence of low height, hypogonadism, numerous developmental defects, and is often accompanied by psychological disturbances. OBJECTIVES: Although the phenotype characteristics of women with TS are quite well documented, the knowledge of the impact of Turner syndrome on the satisfaction with life is still insufficient...
February 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516384/ren%C3%A3-girard-and-the-mimetic-nature-of-eating-disorders
#8
Mattias Strand
French historian and literary critic René Girard (1923-2015), most widely known for the concepts of mimetic desire and scapegoating, also engaged in the discussion of the surge of eating disorders in his 1996 essay Eating Disorders and Mimetic Desire. This article explores Girard's ideas on the mimetic nature and origin of eating disorders from a clinical psychiatric perspective and contextualizes them within the field of eating disorders research as well as in relation to broader psychological, sociological and anthropological models of social comparison and non-consumption...
March 7, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417262/thirty-years-of-research-on-gay-men-and-hiv-prevention-in-france-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#9
Gabriel Girard, Véronique Doré
Research on homosexuality and HIV/AIDS in the social sciences has evolved into a vast and multiform field of study since the beginning of the epidemic in the Global North. Studies from France in this domain have remained relatively unknown at the international level. This article offers a narrative review of publications that resulted from research on homosexuality and HIV/AIDS, from 1985 to 2016. It offers an analysis of how the constitution of a field of research conditions the ways scientific questions are asked (and answered)...
February 7, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406019/community-reintegration-participation-and-employment-issues-in-veterans-and-service-members-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Christina Dillahunt-Aspillaga, Gail Powell-Cope
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been called the signature injury of the post-9/11 wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, and neighboring countries. Although similarities exist between veterans and service members with TBI, levels of severity and different constellations of coexisting comorbid conditions affect them differently. These conditions affect physical, cognitive, and emotional function, which in turn can complicate community reintegration (CR), or the ability to return to family, vocational, and community life...
February 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327630/the-specter-of-the-primitive
#11
Gregory S Rizzolo
Traditional psychoanalytic theories of development hold that the adult neurotic can regress, or has already regressed, to the childhood arrests and/or fixations in which his pathology originated. More recent critiques have called this possibility into question. It is unlikely that anyone can roll back the additions and modifications of lifespan development in a full-fledged return to the needs, wishes, and anxieties of childhood. By regression, though, some analysts mean not a full-fledged return to an earlier developmental phase, but a non-phase-specific slip into primitive fantasies and defenses...
December 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237858/humans-as-a-model-for-understanding-biological-fundamentals
#12
REVIEW
Sarah F Brosnan, Erik Postma
How special are humans? This question drives scholarly output across both the sciences and the humanities. Whereas some disciplines, and the humanities in particular, aim at gaining a better understanding of humans per se , most biologists ultimately aim to understand life in general. This raises the question of whether and when humans are acceptable, or even desirable, models of biological fundamentals. Especially for basic biological processes, non-human species are generally accepted as a relevant model to study topics for which studying humans is impractical, impossible, or ethically inadvisable, but the reverse is controversial: are humans 'too unique' to be informative with respect to biological fundamentals relevant to other species? Or are there areas where we share key components, or for which our very uniqueness serves to allow novel explorations? In this special feature, authors from disciplines including biology, psychology, anthropology, neuroscience and philosophy tackle this question...
December 20, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188349/-understanding-in-psychiatry-part-2-from-incomprehensibility-to-an-attitude-of-participative-communication
#13
REVIEW
J Valdés-Stauber
BACKGROUND: Starting from a systematic research of "incomprehensibility" we propose a turn from an epistemological analysis of "to understand" to an anthropological perspective relying on participative communication in a shared space of resonance. METHOD: We propose a systematization of the modes of understanding and of incomprehensibility based on a two-dimensional model combining epistemological and ontological perspectives. Finally, we outline "understanding" as a medical stance related to the healing relationship, which implies a disposition to get involved in a participative communication...
November 29, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173569/-different-perspectives-of-educational-systems-with-a-cross-cultural-assessment
#14
Rahmeth Radjack, Charles Di, Jonathan Ahovi, Marie Rose Moro, Jonathan Lachal
In the framework of cross-cultural assessments, the nursing team is instructed by the family court judge to provide a clinical assessment taking into account the cultural dimension of the young person concerned. The aim is also to define appropriate psychoeducational support for certain migrant families, notably those describing a brutal confrontation between the educational worlds of here and elsewhere. The situation of a Togolese family, whose adolescent daughter is taken into care due to a practice judged to be abuse in France, is analysed in order to provide some keys to understanding and to discuss the anthropological aspects relevant to the educational and psychological care...
November 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130838/the-psychology-of-rituals-an-integrative-review-and-process-based-framework
#15
Nicholas M Hobson, Juliana Schroeder, Jane L Risen, Dimitris Xygalatas, Michael Inzlicht
Traditionally, ritual has been studied from broad sociocultural perspectives, with little consideration of the psychological processes at play. Recently, however, psychologists have begun turning their attention to the study of ritual, uncovering the causal mechanisms driving this universal aspect of human behavior. With growing interest in the psychology of ritual, this article provides an organizing framework to understand recent empirical work from social psychology, cognitive science, anthropology, behavioral economics, and neuroscience...
November 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122054/on-the-substantial-contribution-of-contempt-as-a-folk-affect-concept-to-the-history-of-the-european-popular-institution-of-charivari
#16
Bogdan Neagota, Ileana Benga, Oana Benga
The integration of the folk affect concept of "contempt" into the analysis of the complex institution known generally as charivari is mutually beneficial for both ethno-anthropology (which may thus access inner causes for disputed social and collective behaviors) and evolutionary psychology (which may thus study the length of tradition together with the width of the institution spread, serving the same social functions).
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072182/social-challenges-of-contemporary-psychiatry
#17
N Bouras
Psychiatry and society are interrelated and the biopsychosocial model continues to dominate the clinical psychiatric practice. Some doubts have been expressed in recent years about the value and the wide acceptance of the biopsychosocial model. Ghaemi (2009)1 considers it to be anti-humanistic and advocates the use of less eclectic, less generic, and less vague alternatives. The fundamental changes that have been witnessed in our times across the spectrum of biology, psychology and sociology have made necessary that a conceptual clarity should prevail...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065282/does-facial-attractiveness-influence-perception-of-epilepsy-diagnosis-an-insight-into-stigma-in-epilepsy
#18
Aleksandar J Ristić, Olja Jovanović, Dragan Popadić, Višnja Pađen, Ahsan N V Moosa, Ana Krivokapić, Aleksandra Parojčić, Ivana Berisavac, Andrej Ilanković, Vladimir Baščarević, Nikola Vojvodić, Dragoslav Sokić
BACKGROUND: Using a group of young healthy individuals and patients with multiple sclerosis (pMS), we aimed to investigate whether the physical attractiveness judgment affects perception of epilepsy. We tested hypothesis that subjects, in the absence of relevant clues, would catch upon the facial attractiveness when asked to speculate which person suffers epilepsy and select less attractive choices. METHOD: Two photo-arrays (7 photos for each gender) selected from the Chicago Face Database (180 neutral faces of Caucasian volunteers with unknown medical status) were shown to study participants...
December 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831258/which-psychological-psychophysiological-and-anthropometric-factors-are-connected-with-life-events-depression-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#19
Milos Slepecky, Antonia Kotianova, Jan Prasko, Ivan Majercak, Erika Gyorgyova, Michal Kotian, Marta Zatkova, Marta Popelkova, Marie Ociskova, Ingrid Tonhajzerova
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine psychological, psychophysiological, and anthropometric factors connected with life events, level of depression, and quality of life in people at risk for cardiovascular disease and healthy controls. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involving arterial hypertension patients and healthy controls. There were several measurements including physical, anthropological, cardiovascular, and psychophysiological measurements and administration of questionnaires...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810482/a-journey-in-the-field-of-health-from-social-psychology-to-multi-disciplinarity
#20
Claudine Herzlich
"Health psychology" is a newer sub-discipline whose research methodologies, theories, and practices were borrowed from diverse areas of psychology. It appeared later in France than in the United States or United Kingdom., In 1966, I adopted a perspective between anthropology and psycho-sociology of medicine. I never have self-identified as a "Health Psychologist", continuing to work outside of disciplinary boundary constraints, but studied health questions moving first from psychology (and anthropology), through social psychology to sociology...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
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