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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299152/ebola-viral-disease-in-west-africa-a-threat-to-global-health-economy-and-political-stability
#1
Semeeh Akinwale Omoleke, Ibrahim Mohammed, Yauba Saidu
The West African sub-continent is currently experiencing its first, and ironically, the largest and longest Ebola viral diseases (EVD) outbreak ever documented in modern medical history. The current outbreak is significant in several ways, including longevity, magnitude of morbidity and mortality, occurrence outside the traditional niches, rapid spread and potential of becoming a global health tragedy. The authors provided explicit insights into the current and historical background, drivers of the epidemic, societal impacts, status of vaccines and drugs development and proffered recommendations to halt and prevent future occurrences...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261796/-freud-s-speculations-in-ethnology-a-reflection-on-anthropology-s-encounter-with-psychoanalysis
#2
Patrick S Rivera
In the early 20th century, many analysts - Freud and Ernest Jones in particular - were confident that cultural anthropologists would demonstrate the universal nature of the Oedipus complex and other unconscious phenomena. Collaboration between the two disciplines, however, was undermined by a series of controversies surrounding the relationship between psychology and culture. This paper re-examines the three episodes that framed anthropology's early encounter with psychoanalysis, emphasizing the important works and their critical reception...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177148/when-walking-becomes-wandering-representing-the-fear-of-the-fourth-age
#3
Katherine Brittain, Cathrine Degnen, Grant Gibson, Claire Dickinson, Louise Robinson
Dementia is linked to behavioural changes that are perceived as challenging to care practices. One such behavioural change is 'wandering', something that is often deeply feared by carers and by people with dementia themselves. Understanding how behavioural changes like wandering are experienced as problematic is critically important in current discussions about the behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. In this article we draw on our secondary analysis of qualitative interviews and focus groups with carers of people with dementia to critically question 'when does walking become wandering'? Drawing on theoretical perspectives from anthropology, sociology and human geography to explore experiences of carers and of people with dementia, we argue that a conceptual shift occurs in how pedestrian activity, usually represented as something purposeful, meaningful and healthy (walking) is seen as something threatening that needs managing (wandering)...
February 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135691/assessment-of-acculturation-in-minority-health-research
#4
REVIEW
Molly Fox, Zaneta Thayer, Pathik D Wadhwa
Acculturation represents an important construct in the context of health disparities. Although several studies have reported relationships between various aspects of acculturation and health in minority populations, crucial inconsistencies remain. One likely reason for these inconsistencies may relate to limitations in the conceptualization and operationalization of acculturation, particularly in the context of health research. The acculturation construct underwent major conceptual and operational change when it was adapted from anthropology to psychology, and we argue another major shift is now required for use of this construct in health research...
March 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093045/exploring-urban-health-in-cape-town-south-africa-an-interdisciplinary-analysis-of-secondary-data
#5
Rebekka Mumm, Sonia Diaz-Monsalve, Eva Hänselmann, Johanna Freund, Michael Wirsching, Jan Gärtner, Richard Gminski, Katrin Vögtlin, Mirjam Körner, Lena Zirn, Ursula Wittwer-Backofen, Tolu Oni, Axel Kroeger
BACKGROUND: With modern information technology, an overwhelming amount of data is available on different aspects of societies. Our research investigated the feasibility of using secondary data sources to get an overview of determinants of health and health outcomes in different population strata of Cape Town, a large city of South Africa. METHODS: The methodological approach of secondary-data analysis was similar in the different disciplines: Biological Anthropology, Public Health, Environmental Health, Mental Health, Palliative Care, Medical Psychology and Sociology at the University of Freiburg and Public Health at the University of Cape Town...
February 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975358/-music-in-health-promotion-and-therapeutic-practice-cultural-theoretical-and-clinical-perspectives
#6
Wolfgang Mastnak
Music can serve as a shelter and music therapy can provide spaces for symbolic experience and the modification of behavioural and cognitive patterns. Explaining the power of music, ancient theories speak of an analogy between music and man. Similar views are also found in modern music therapy such as Sound Work, a voice-body-based model. Complementary to the aspect of analogy, the principle of transformation is of vital importance, such as the transitions between the five elements, the solid organs and the pentatonic scale in Chinese music therapy, for instance...
December 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845617/bereavement-an-anthropological-approach
#7
Margaret Souza
The literature on bereavement has been dominated by psychology. Social science has expanded that perspective by illustrating the ways in which the bereaved maintain continuing bonds with the deceased. In this article I build upon the social science literature from an anthropological perspective. I focus upon how the bereaved must learn to live in the social environment without the deceased in what I call a "new normal." The connections to their social environment have been altered as a link in those connections has been broken...
January 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796826/revisiting-psychological-mechanisms-in-the-anthropology-of-altruism
#8
Joseph Hackman, Shirajum Munira, Khaleda Jasmin, Daniel Hruschka
Anthropologists have long been interested in the reasons humans choose to help some individuals and not others. Early research considered psychological mediators, such as feelings of cohesion or closeness, but more recent work, largely in the tradition of human behavioral ecology, shifted attention away from psychological measures to clearer observables, such as past behavior, genetic relatedness, affinal ties, and geographic proximity. In this paper, we assess the value of reintegrating psychological measures-perceived social closeness-into the anthropological study of altruism...
October 28, 2016: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637195/-the-problem-of-beginning-of-the-personal-being-in-the-anthropology-of-v-e-frankl
#9
Juan Fernando Sellés Dauder
In this paper we review the V. E. Frankl' conception of the 'person', which he understands as the superior part in man. This study consists of three parts: a) In the first we study 10 thesis that the father of logotherapy offers on the person, namely: 1st) the person is an individual; 2nd) whitaut possibility of sum; 3rd) is a new being; 4th) is spiritual; 5th) is existential; 6th) is the 'I' or the 'ego'; 7th) provides unity and wholeness; 8th) is dynamic; 9th) is able to transcend and to face herself; 10th) He is not understood by itself but from the point of view of transcendence...
May 2016: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636563/the-role-of-gender-psycho-social-factors-and-anthropological-cultural-dimensions-on-pain-in-neurorehabilitation-evidence-and-recommendations-from-the-italian-consensus-conference-on-pain-in-neurorehabilitation
#10
Anna M Aloisi, Vanna Berlincioni, Riccardo Torta, Rossella E Nappi, Cristina Tassorelli, Francesco Barale, Valentina Ieraci, Emanuele M Giusti, Giada Pietrabissa, Stefano Tamburin, Gian M Manzoni, Gianluca Castelnuovo
Pain is frequent in patients undergoing neurorehabilitation, but there is a number of still unanswered questions on this topic. The Italian Consensus Conference on Pain in Neurorehabilitation (ICCPN) was constituted with the purpose to identify the best practices that can be used in this context. In this article we summarize the existing evidence and recommendations provided by the ICCPN about the role of gender, psycho-social factors and anthropological-cultural dimensions on pain in neurorehabilitation. Sex, gender, psycho-social variables, anthropological and cultural features may influence pain expression, and its pharmacological and non-pharmacological outcome, but the role of these factors has not been consistently explored in neurorehabilitation...
October 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595125/acculturation-and-its-discontents-a-case-for-bringing-anthropology-back-into-the-conversation
#11
Peter J Guarnaccia, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile
Anthropologists' contribution to the study of cultural change is urgent in light of the increasing number of people of different backgrounds who are migrating around the globe and settling in new communities, and the opportunities and challenges that come along with that process. By examining the anthropological literature on acculturation going back to the 1936 Memorandum by Redfield, Linton and Herskovits, this paper reviews and assesses the discipline's perspective on acculturation, and lays out the case for why it is critical for anthropologists to re-engage the concept...
February 2016: Sociology and Anthropology (Alhambra, Calif.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553610/utilization-of-standardized-mental-health-assessments-in-anthropological-research-possibilities-and-pitfalls
#12
Emily Mendenhall, Kristin Yarris, Brandon A Kohrt
In the past decade anthropologists working the boundary of culture, medicine, and psychiatry have drawn from ethnographic and epidemiological methods to interdigitate data and provide more depth in understanding critical health problems. But rarely do these studies incorporate psychiatric inventories with ethnographic analysis. This article shows how triangulation of research methods strengthens scholars' ability (1) to draw conclusions from smaller data sets and facilitate comparisons of what suffering means across contexts; (2) to unpack the complexities of ethnographic and narrative data by way of interdigitating narratives with standardized evaluations of psychological distress; and (3) to enhance the translatability of narrative data to interventionists and to make anthropological research more accessible to policymakers...
December 2016: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550458/-on-michel-foucault-s-unpublished-lectures-on-ludwig-binswanger-s-existential-analysis-lille-1953-54
#13
Elisabetta Basso
This paper aims to analyze Michel Foucault's position toward phenomenological psychology and psychopathology during the 1950s, in light of the new documentary sources available today. Our investigation is especially focused on one of the courses given by Foucault at the University of Lille between 1952 and 1954, namely, the course on "Binswanger and phenomenology" (1953-54). The analysis of this course, which was conceived by Foucault within the context of a philosophical reflection on the anthropological problem of psychopathology, will finally allow us to re-ascribe Foucault the place he deserves in the field of "philosophy of psychiatry"...
December 2016: Revue de Synthèse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519908/to-encounter-to-build-the-world-and-to-become-a-human-being-advocating-for-a-material-cultural-turn-in-developmental-psychology
#14
Christiane Moro
Why have material world of daily life and material objects in their conventional features or to say it in other words, why have the mundane world and mundane objects, in which the human beings live and children come to, encounter, experience and develop through, received so little attention from psychologists thus remaining a blind spot in mainstream developmental psychology? Certainly the object has not been totally forgotten (e.g. Piaget's constructivist paradigm) but it has been considered as theoretically determined by the categories of understanding (cf...
December 2016: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384201/paradox-of-life-among-survivors-of-bladder-cancer-and-treatments
#15
Miriam Lopes, Lucila Castanheira Nascimento, Márcia Maria Fontão Zago
OBJECTIVE: To interpret the meanings attributed to the experience of bladder cancer among survivors in therapeutic follow-up. METHOD: Qualitative methodological approach, based on medical anthropology and narrative methodology. After approval by the research ethics committee of a public university hospital, data were collected from January 2014 to February 2015, by means of recorded semi-structured interviews, direct observation and field journal entries on daily immersion with a group of six men and six women, aged between 57 and 82 years, in therapeutic follow-up...
April 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27225037/beyond-dominance-and-competence-a-moral-virtue-theory-of-status-attainment
#16
Feng Bai
Recognition has grown that moral behavior (e.g., generosity) plays a role in status attainment, yet it remains unclear how, why, and when demonstrating moral characteristics enhances status. Drawing on philosophy, anthropology, psychology, and organizational behavior, I critically review a third route to attaining status: virtue, and propose a moral virtue theory of status attainment to provide a generalized account of the role of morality in status attainment. The moral virtue theory posits that acts of virtue elicit feelings of warmth and admiration (for virtue), and willing deference, toward the virtuous actor...
May 24, 2016: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215185/-it-s-the-way-that-you-do-it-developing-an-ethical-framework-for-community-psychology-research-and-action
#17
Rebecca Campbell
In the 50 years since the 1965 Swampscott conference, the field of community psychology has not yet developed a well-articulated ethical framework to guide research and practice. This paper reviews what constitutes an "ethical framework"; considers where the field of community psychology is at in its development of a comprehensive ethical framework; examines sources for ethical guidance (i.e., ethical principles and standards) across multiple disciplines, including psychology, evaluation, sociology, and anthropology; and recommends strategies for developing a rich written discourse on how community psychology researchers and practitioners can address ethical conflicts in our work...
December 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27148118/current-perspectives-on-cognitive-diversity
#18
Andrea Bender, Sieghard Beller
To what extent is cognition influenced by a person's cultural background? This question has remained controversial in large fields of the cognitive sciences, including cognitive psychology, and is also underexplored in anthropology. In this perspective article, findings from a recent wave of cross-cultural studies will be outlined with respect to three aspects of cognition: perception and categorization, number representation and counting, and explanatory frameworks and beliefs. Identifying similarities and differences between these domains allows for general conclusions regarding cognitive diversity and helps to highlight the importance of culturally shaped content for a comprehensive understanding of cognition...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27109445/plant-blindness-and-the-implications-for-plant-conservation
#19
Mung Balding, Kathryn Williams
Plant conservation initiatives lag behind efforts to promote animal species, receiving considerably less funding. This essay explores one potential reason for that bias: a tendency among humans to neither notice nor value plants in the environment. We assess evidence for 'plant-blindness' and conclude there are indeed biases in appreciation of plants, but that this bias is not inevitable. We evaluate research from psychology and anthropology to identify the psychological and cultural bases of 'plant blindness' and conclude that both perceptual and cultural factors shape the ways that people understand and value plants, and that conservation programs can therefore contribute to reducing this bias...
April 24, 2016: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27106727/-patients-rights-in-ethnic-cross-section
#20
Ágnes Lukács, Helga Judit Feith
INTRODUCTION: The perception of health and sickness are culturally determined and, therefore, ethnic and religious socialization forms attitudes toward the medical system. During everyday practice, patients' rights and obligations, which are based on the norms of the major society, confront Roma minority norms. AIM: The aim of the authors was to explore the main interferences of patients' rights and obligations during the medical care of the Roma. METHOD: The authors analyzed the results of medical anthropology, health sociology, and the experience obtained from more than 40 courses about patients' rights...
May 1, 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
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