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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224239/personalized-stepwise-vascular-control-during-complex-hepatectomy-involving-hepatocaval-confluence
#1
Lei Dou, Zong-Ping Yu, Hui-Yuan Yang, Ji Ran, Yi-Fa Chen, Xiao-Ping Chen
BACKGROUND: This study introduces an innovative stepwise vascular control technique to address the high risk of massive bleeding from main hepatic veins and the retro-hepatic inferior vena cava during hepatectomy involving hepatocaval confluence. METHODS: From January 2010 to July 2016, 80 patients underwent stepwise vascular occlusion during complex liver resection involving hepatocaval confluence. Relevant clinical data were collected and compared with those obtained in parallel studies...
December 10, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224042/association-between-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-and-serum-aminotransferases-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#2
Li-Da Chen, Liang-Ji Zhang, Xue-Jun Lin, Jia-Chao Qi, Hao Li, Zhi Wu, Qiao-Zhen Xu, Ya-Ping Huang, Li Lin
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been suggested to be a potential contributing factor for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Studies on the association between continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and NAFLD in OSA patients are limited and controversial. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between OSA and NAFLD and the effect of CPAP therapy on serum aminotransferase levels in OSA patients. METHODS: A total of 160 consecutive patients who underwent standard polysomnography were enrolled...
December 9, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222992/inflammatory-chemokine-eotaxin-1-is-correlated-with-age-in-heroin-dependent-patients-under-methadone-maintenance-therapy
#3
Hsiang-Wei Kuo, Tung-Hsia Liu, Hsiao-Hui Tsou, Ya-Ting Hsu, Sheng-Chang Wang, Chiu-Ping Fang, Chia-Chen Liu, Andrew C H Chen, Yu-Li Liu
BACKGROUND: Degeneration of central neurons and fibers has been observed in postmortem brains of heroin dependent patients. However, there are no biomarkers to predict the severity of neurodegeneration related to heroin dependence. A correlation has been reported between inflammatory C-C motif chemokine ligand 11 (CCL11, or eotaxin-1) and neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease. METHODS: Three-hundred-forty-four heroin dependent, Taiwanese patients under methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) were included with clinical assessment and genomics information...
November 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222861/zero-fluoroscopy-permanent-pacemaker-implantation-using-ensite-navx-system-clinical-viability-or-fanciful-technique
#4
Ping Guo, Jie Qiu, Yan Wang, Guangzhi Chen, Riccardo Proietti, Al-Selmi Fadhle, Chunxia Zhao, Dao Wen Wang
BACKGROUND: Fluoroscopy is the imaging modality routinely used for cardiac device implantation and electrophysiological procedures. Due to the rising concern regarding the harmful effects of radiation exposure to both the patients and operation staffs, novel 3D mapping systems have been developed and implemented in electrophysiological procedure for the navigation of catheters inside the heart chambers. Their applicability in cardiac device implantation has been rarely reported. Our aim is to evaluate the feasibility and safety of permanent pacemaker implantation without fluoroscopy...
December 9, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222162/dual-inhibition-of-pik3c3-and-fgfr-as-a-new-therapeutic-approach-to-treat-bladder-cancer
#5
Chun-Han Chen, C Changou, Tsung-Han Hsieh, Yu-Ching Lee, Cheng-Ying Chu, Kai-Cheng Hsu, Hao-Ching Wang, Yu-Chen Lin, Yan-Ni Lo, Yun-Ru Liu, Jing-Ping Liou, Yun Yen
PURPOSE: MPT0L145 has been developed as a FGFR inhibitor exhibiting significant anti-bladder cancer activity in vitro and in vivo via promoting autophagy-dependent cell death. Here, we aim to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Autophagy flux, morphology and intracellular organelles were evaluated by western blotting, transmission electron microscope and fluorescence microscope. Molecular docking, surface plasmon resonance assay were performed to identify drug-protein interaction...
December 8, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221102/liquid-crystal-tunable-color-filters-based-on-aluminum-metasurfaces
#6
Zu-Wen Xie, Jhen-Hong Yang, Vishal Vashistha, Wei Lee, Kuo-Ping Chen
Designing color pixels using plasmonic nanostructures and metasurfaces has become a luring area of research in recent years. Here, we experimentally demonstrated the voltage tunability of a dynamic plasmonic color filter by using an aluminum grating integrated with the nematic liquid crystal (LC). Along with a typical substrate coated with rubbed polyimide film, the aluminum grating itself serves as a molecular alignment layer to form a twisted LC cell. This hybrid structure allows electrically controlled transmission color by applying the voltage...
November 27, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221055/metasurface-salisbury-screen-achieving-ultra-wideband-microwave-absorption
#7
Ziheng Zhou, Ke Chen, Junming Zhao, Ping Chen, Tian Jiang, Bo Zhu, Yijun Feng, Yue Li
The metasurfaces have recently been demonstrated to provide full control of the phase responses of electromagnetic (EM) wave scattering over subwavelength scales, enabling a wide range of practical applications. Here, we propose a comprehensive scheme for the efficient and flexible design of metasurface Salisbury screen (MSS) capable of absorbing the impinging EM wave in an ultra-wide frequency band. We show that properly designed reflective metasurface can be used to substitute the metallic ground of conventional Salisbury screen for generating diverse resonances in a desirable way, thus providing large controllability over the absorption bandwidth...
November 27, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219550/10-qubit-entanglement-and-parallel-logic-operations-with-a-superconducting-circuit
#8
Chao Song, Kai Xu, Wuxin Liu, Chui-Ping Yang, Shi-Biao Zheng, Hui Deng, Qiwei Xie, Keqiang Huang, Qiujiang Guo, Libo Zhang, Pengfei Zhang, Da Xu, Dongning Zheng, Xiaobo Zhu, H Wang, Y-A Chen, C-Y Lu, Siyuan Han, Jian-Wei Pan
Here we report on the production and tomography of genuinely entangled Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger states with up to ten qubits connecting to a bus resonator in a superconducting circuit, where the resonator-mediated qubit-qubit interactions are used to controllably entangle multiple qubits and to operate on different pairs of qubits in parallel. The resulting 10-qubit density matrix is probed by quantum state tomography, with a fidelity of 0.668±0.025. Our results demonstrate the largest entanglement created so far in solid-state architectures and pave the way to large-scale quantum computation...
November 3, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219519/vibrational-properties-of-a-monolayer-silicene-sheet-studied-by-tip-enhanced-raman-spectroscopy
#9
Shaoxiang Sheng, Jiang-Bin Wu, Xin Cong, Wenbin Li, Jian Gou, Qing Zhong, Peng Cheng, Ping-Heng Tan, Lan Chen, Kehui Wu
Combining ultrahigh sensitivity, spatial resolution, and the capability to resolve chemical information, tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) is a powerful tool to study molecules or nanoscale objects. Here we show that TERS can also be a powerful tool in studying two-dimensional materials. We have achieved a 10^{9} Raman signal enhancement and a 0.5 nm spatial resolution using monolayer silicene on Ag(111) as a prototypical 2D material system. Because of the selective enhancement on Raman modes with vertical vibrational components in TERS, our experiment provides direct evidence of the origination of Raman modes in silicene...
November 10, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219473/two-hierarchy-entanglement-swapping-for-a-linear-optical-quantum-repeater
#10
Ping Xu, Hai-Lin Yong, Luo-Kan Chen, Chang Liu, Tong Xiang, Xing-Can Yao, He Lu, Zheng-Da Li, Nai-Le Liu, Li Li, Tao Yang, Cheng-Zhi Peng, Bo Zhao, Yu-Ao Chen, Jian-Wei Pan
Quantum repeaters play a significant role in achieving long-distance quantum communication. In the past decades, tremendous effort has been devoted towards constructing a quantum repeater. As one of the crucial elements, entanglement has been created in different memory systems via entanglement swapping. The realization of j-hierarchy entanglement swapping, i.e., connecting quantum memory and further extending the communication distance, is important for implementing a practical quantum repeater. Here, we report the first demonstration of a fault-tolerant two-hierarchy entanglement swapping with linear optics using parametric down-conversion sources...
October 27, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219211/homoepitaxial-growth-of-large-scale-highly-organized-transition-metal-dichalcogenide-patterns
#11
Jianyi Chen, Xiaoxu Zhao, Gustavo Grinblat, Zhongxin Chen, Sherman J R Tan, Wei Fu, Zijing Ding, Ibrahim Abdelwahab, Yi Li, Dechao Geng, Yanpeng Liu, Kai Leng, Bo Liu, Wei Liu, Wei Tang, Stefan A Maier, Stephen John Pennycook, Kian Ping Loh
Controllable growth of highly crystalline transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) patterns with regular morphology and unique edge structure is highly desired and important for fundamental research and potential applications. Here, single-crystalline MoS2 flakes are reported with regular trigonal symmetric patterns that can be homoepitaxially grown on MoS2 monolayer via chemical vapor deposition. The highly organized MoS2 patterns are rhombohedral (3R)-stacked with the underlying MoS2 monolayer, and their boundaries are predominantly terminated by zigzag Mo edge structure...
December 8, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218954/-study-on-formation-and-changes-of-dao-di-herbs-production-origin-of-gastrodia-elata
#12
Da-Hui Liu, Wen-Ling Gong, Zhi-Lai Zhan, Hua-Sheng Peng, Xiao Wang, Ke-Li Chen, Bi-Sheng Huang, Lan-Ping Guo
Gastrodia elata has been used in China for more than 2 000 years and it is a kind of valuable traditional Chinese medicine. The originrecords of G. elata were Mount Tai of Shandong and and Mount Song of Henan, which began in Wupu Bencao of Wei Jin Dynasties, and Tai'an and its surrounding areas had been the Do-di herbs production areas. But from the beginning of the Republic of China, G. elata origin has undergone major changes, Do-di herbs production areas moved westward to the southwest.In this paper,through literature research and field visits, we studied the formation and changes of Do-di herbs production areas of G...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218935/-antifungal-effects-of-three-medicinal-crops-on-phytophthora-nicotianae
#13
Da-Min He, Yang Chen, Shui-Ping Yang, Xue Zhang, Jian Zhao, Jing-Jing Mo, Dong-Yan Zhang, Xin-Mei Zhao, Da-Xia Chen, Wei Ding
Tobacco black shank is one of the most harmful soil-borne diseases infected by Phytophthora parasitica. In order to probe the control method to this disease, in this study, the mycelial growth rate method was employed to investigate the antifungal effects of extracts from stem-leaf and root, root exudates, and their combination of Scrophularia ningpoensis, Chuanmingshen violaceum and Pinellia ternata The results showed that: ①Stem-leaf and root extracts of S. ningpoensis, C. violaceum and P. ternata exhibited different antifungal activities, and the inhibition increased with the increase of extract concentration...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218930/-herbal-textual-research-on-origins-of-chonglou
#14
Lu Jiang, Li-Ping Kang, Da-Hui Liu, Hua-Sheng Peng, Jin Xie, Min Chen
Based on the field investigation, this paper researched the germplasms and geoherbs habitat of Chonglou in ancient herbal books systematically. The results showed that, Chonglou in ancient herbal books sometimes referred to certain specific germplasm, while sometimes it referred to many species derived from genus Paris except Sect. Paris. The medicinal material Chonglou in Chinese Materia Medica Bencaotujing and Bencaomengquan was verified as P. polyphylla var. chinensis, which could be P. polyphylla in Xinxiubencao, and it should include P...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218929/-pharmacodynamics-study-on-paris-vietnamensis
#15
Hong-Mei Li, Jian-Hui Sun, Li-Ping Kang, Hai-Ru Huo, Xiao-Qin Li, Yuan-Yuan Huang, Min Chen, Lu-Qi Huang
Paris is commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine and its resource is in shortage, a variety of related plants are acquired as Paris. This study compared pharmacological activity in anti-inflammatory and hemostatic and blood rheology of P. vietnamensis with pharmacopoeial Paridis Rhizoma to expand its range of Paris medicinal resources and protect wild resources of Paris and meet market demand. The experimental study showed that P. vietnamensis and P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis and P. polyphylla var. chinensis had anti-inflammatory and hemostatic effect and improved blood rheolog...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218928/-comparative-pharmacodynamics-study-on-paris-forrestii-and-pharmacopoeial-paridis-rhizoma
#16
Hong-Mei Li, Jian-Hui Sun, Li-Ping Kang, Hai-Ru Huo, Xiao-Qin Li, Yuan-Yuan Huang, Min Chen, Lu-Qi Huang
Paris is a raw material of a variety of Chinese medicines, which has become deficient in resource due to market demand substantial growth and wild Paris resources reducing increasingly and the artificial cultivation slow growth. This study compared pharmacological activity in analgesia and anti-inflammatory and hemostasis effects of P. forrestii with pharmacopoeial Paridis Rhizoma to expand its range of Paris medicinal resources and protect wild resources of Paris and meet market demand. The experimental study showed that P...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218927/-qualitative-and-quantitative-analyses-of-primary-saponins-in-paris-forrestii
#17
Yuan-Yuan Huang, Li-Ping Kang, Hua-Sheng Peng, Da-Hui Liu, Qing-Xiu Hao, Jia-Liu Zhao, Min Chen, Lu-Qi Huang
In order to study whether Paris forrestii could be developed as a substitute of Paridis Rhizome, chemical compositions of P. forrestii and P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis were investigated by UPLC-Q-TOF MS. In addition, the contents of eight primary steroidal saponins in 77 batches of P. forrestii samples from different habitats were simultaneously determined by HPLC-UV. The results showed that P. forrestii and P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis have similar chemical compositions, and all 22 major common peaks were identified as steroid derivatives...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218926/-determination-of-eight-steroidal-saponins-in-15-kinds-of-genus-paris
#18
Yuan-Yuan Huang, Da-Hui Liu, Hua-Sheng Peng, Qing-Xiu Hao, Mei-Lan Chen, A-Zhong Zhang, Min Chen, Li-Ping Kang, Lu-Qi Huang
The study was established an HPLC method for simultaneous determination of 8 steroidal saponins (polyphyllins Ⅶ, H, Ⅵ, Ⅱ, Ⅰ, and Ⅴ, dioscin, and gracillin) in Paridis Rhizoma, and made an evaluation by determining steroidal saponins in 15 kinds of genus Paris. The analysis was performed on a Waters Acquity H-ClassTM UPLC ultrafine liquid chromatography system coupled with a PDA detector. The chromatographic separation was achieved through a CAPCELL PAK ADME (4.6 mm× 250 mm, 5 μm) column and the optimal mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile and water...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218925/-exploring-the-clinical-characters-of-shugan-jieyu-capsule-through-text-mining
#19
Zi-Wei Shi, Li-Ping Kang, Hua-Sheng Peng, Shao-Hua Yang, Li-Xia Zhang, Zhi-Xian Jing, Min Chen, Da-Hui Liu
In this paper,the potential climate factors affecting the Pairs polyphylla var. yunnanensis distribution in China at rational scales were selected from related literatures, using the sampling point geographic information from of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis, combine the maximum entropy model (MaxEnt) with spatial analyst function of ArcGIS software, to study the climate suitability of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis cultivating region in China and the leading climate factors. The results showed that, average rainfall in August, average rainfall in October, coefficient of variation of seasonal precipitation, the average temperature of the dry season, isothermal characteristic, average temperature in July were the leading climate factors affecting the potential distribution of P...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218625/diuretic-or-beta-blocker-for-hypertensive-patients-already-receiving-acei-arb-and-calcium-channel-blocker
#20
Min-Shan Tsai, Chao-Hsiun Tang, Chia-Ying Lin, Po-Ya Chuang, Nai-Chuan Chen, Chien-Hua Huang, Wei-Tien Chang, Tzung-Dau Wang, Ping-Hsun Yu, Wen-Jone Chen
BACKGROUND: In patients already receiving combination of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI)/angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) and calcium channel blocker (CCB), whether the choice of additional diuretic or beta-blocker affects the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular outcomes remains unclear. METHODS: A total of 13,551 patients who were concurrently receiving three anti-hypertensive agents of different classes through outpatient clinics during 2004-2006 were identified from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan...
December 8, 2017: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
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