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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933515/serum-bilirubin-concentrations-and-incident-coronary-heart-disease-risk-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-the-dongfeng-tongji-cohort
#1
Jing Wang, Xiaofen Wu, Yaru Li, Xu Han, Hua Hu, Fei Wang, Caizheng Yu, Xiulou Li, Kun Yang, Jing Yuan, Ping Yao, Xiaoping Miao, Sheng Wei, Youjie Wang, Weihong Chen, Yuan Liang, Huan Guo, Handong Yang, Tangchun Wu, Xiaomin Zhang, Meian He
AIMS: Elevated serum bilirubin levels are associated with decreased coronary heart disease (CHD) risk in cross-sectional studies among diabetic patients, but prospective evidence is limited. We investigated the relationship of serum bilirubin levels with incident CHD risk among type 2 diabetes patients. METHODS: In a prospective study of 2918 type 2 diabetes embedded in the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort, serum total bilirubin (TBil), direct bilirubin (DBil), and indirect bilirubin (IBil) were measured at baseline...
December 8, 2016: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933512/effect-of-chinese-medicine-treatment-based-on-pattern-identification-on-cellular-immunophenotype-of-myelodysplastic-syndrome
#2
Yu Zhang, Li-Li Qian, Jian-Ping Shen, Jun-Fa Chen, Yan-Ting Gao, Jing-Jing Xiang, Bao-Dong Ye, Yu-Hong Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To observe the influence of treatment based on Chinese medicine pattern identification on cellular immunophenotype of the myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). METHODS: Sixty patients with MDS were randomly and equally assigned to the treatment group and the control group using a randomized digital table. Thirty patients in each group included 3 risk levels (low, moderate and high risks) with each level 10 patients according to the international prognostic scoring system...
December 9, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933491/nlrp3-is-required-for-complement-mediated-caspase-1-and-il-1beta-activation-in-ich-short-title-for-running-head-nlrp3-is-required-for-ich
#3
Sheng-Tao Yao, Fang Cao, Jia-Lin Chen, Wei Chen, Rui-Ming Fan, Gang Li, You-Chao Zeng, Song Jiao, Xiang-Ping Xia, Chong Han, Qi-Shan Ran
Complement-mediated inflammation plays a vital role in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), implicating pro-inflammatory factor interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) secretion. Brain samples and contralateral hemiencephalon were all collected and detected by Western blot. NLRP3 expression was located by dual immunofluorescence staining at 1, 3, and 5 days post-ICH. Brain water content was examined post-ICH. The neural deficit scores were evaluated by observers blindly. ILs were detected by ELISA. SiRNAs targeting NLRP3 (siNLRP3), siASC, and siControl were injected to inhibit NLRP3 function...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933253/primary-intracerebral-osteosarcoma-a-rare-case-report-and-review
#4
Song-Ping Chen, Jin-Long Tang, Xiu-Liang Zhu
BACKGROUND: Primary intracranial osteosarcoma is a extremely rare disease entity. We describe a case of primary intracerebral osteosarcoma in an adult brain. CASE DESCRIPTION: A patient who presented with a 1-week history of headaches, and MRI examination was performed. The immunohistochemical diagnosis confirmed primary intracerebral osteosarcoma. The patient was treated with a surgical resection of the tumor. CONCLUSION: Primary osteosarcomas occurring in the brain are extremely rare...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933111/aberrant-dna-hypermethylation-silenced-sox21-as1-gene-expression-and-its-clinical-importance-in-oral-cancer
#5
Cheng-Mei Yang, Tsung-Han Wang, Hung-Chih Chen, Sung-Chou Li, Ming-Chien Lee, Huei-Han Liou, Pei-Feng Liu, Yu-Kai Tseng, Yow-Ling Shiue, Luo-Ping Ger, Kuo-Wang Tsai
BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are more than 200 nucleotides in length and lack transcriptional ability. The biological function of lncRNAs in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to identify the dysfunction of lncRNA in OSCC. RESULTS: We analyzed the transcriptome profiles of human OSCC tissues and paired adjacent normal tissues from two patients through a next-generation sequencing approach. A total of 14 lncRNAs were upregulated (fold change ≥3) and 13 were downregulated (fold change ≤-3) in OSCC tissues compared with the adjacent normal tissues...
2016: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932951/high-pressure-induced-mtdna-alterations-in-retinal-ganglion-cells-and-subsequent-apoptosis
#6
Sheng-Hai Zhang, Feng-Juan Gao, Zhong-Mou Sun, Ping Xu, Jun-Yi Chen, Xing-Huai Sun, Ji-Hong Wu
Purpose: Our previous study indicated that mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage and mutations are crucial to the progressive loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in a glaucomatous rat model. In this study, we examined whether high pressure could directly cause mtDNA alterations and whether the latter could lead to mitochondrial dysfunction and RGC death. Methods: Primary cultured rat RGCs were exposed to 30 mm Hg of hydrostatic pressure (HP) for 12, 24, 48, 72, 96 and 120 h. mtDNA alterations and mtDNA repair/replication enzymes OGG1, MYH and polymerase gamma (POLG) expressions were also analyzed...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932495/modulations-of-sir-nucleosome-interactions-of-reconstructed-yeast-silent-pre-heterochromatin-by-o-acetyl-adp-ribose-and-magnesium
#7
Shu-Yun Tung, Sue-Hong Wang, Sue-Ping Lee, Shu-Ping Tsai, Hsiao-Hsuian Shen, Feng-Jung Chen, Yu-Yi Wu, Sheng-Pin Hsiao, Gunn-Guang Liou
To study epigenetic inheritance, yeast silent heterochromatin provides an excellent model. Previously, we developed an in vitro assembly system to demonstrate the formation of filament structures with requirements that mirror yeast epigenetic gene silencing in vivo However, the properties of these filaments have not been investigated in detail. Here, we show that the assembly system requires Sir2, Sir3, Sir4, nucleosomes and O-acetyl-ADP-ribose. We also demonstrate that all Sir proteins and nucleosomes are components of these filaments to prove they are SIR-nucleosome filaments...
December 8, 2016: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931190/daily-rhythmicity-of-clock-gene-transcript-levels-in-fast-and-slow-muscle-fibers-from-chinese-perch-siniperca-chuatsi
#8
Ping Wu, Yu-Long Li, Jia Cheng, Lin Chen, Xin Zhu, Zhi-Guo Feng, Jian-She Zhang, Wu-Ying Chu
BACKGROUND: Clock genes are considered to be the molecular core of biological clock in vertebrates and they are directly involved in the regulation of daily rhythms in vertebrate tissues such as skeletal muscles. Fish myotomes are composed of anatomically segregated fast and slow muscle fibers that possess different metabolic and contractile properties. To date, there is no report on the characterization of the circadian clock system components of slow muscles in fish. RESULTS: In the present study, the molecular clock components (clock, arntl1/2, cry1/2/3, cry-dash, npas2, nr1d1/2, per1/2/3, rorα and tim genes) and their daily transcription levels were characterized in slow and fast muscles of Chinese perch (Siniperca chuatsi)...
December 8, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930702/a-survival-scoring-system-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-with-de-novo-bone-metastases
#9
Yu-Mu Chen, Ying-Tang Fang, Chien-Hao Lai, Kun-Ming Rau, Cheng-Hua Huang, Huang-Chih Chang, Tung-Ying Chao, Chia-Cheng Tseng, Wen-Feng Fang, Chin-Chou Wang, Yung-Che Chen, Yu-Hsiu Chung, Yi-Hsi Wang, Mao-Chang Su, Shih-Feng Liu, Kuo-Tung Huang, Hung-Chen Chen, Ya-Chun Chang, Yu-Ping Chang, Meng-Chih Lin
In the pre-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) era, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with de novo bone metastases had a worse prognosis than those without. However, whether epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-TKIs affect the outcomes of EGFR mutant NSCLC patients with de novo bone metastases has not been well studied thus far. We retrospectively studied the effect of EGFR mutation status and first-line EGFR-TKIs on patient outcomes and created a survival scoring system for NSCLC patients with de novo bone metastases...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929437/the-traditional-chinese-medicine-dangguibuxue-tang-sensitizes-colorectal-cancer-cells-to-chemoradiotherapy
#10
Shun-Ting Chen, Tzung-Yan Lee, Tung-Hu Tsai, Yin-Cheng Lin, Chin-Ping Lin, Hui-Ru Shieh, Ming-Ling Hsu, Chih-Wen Chi, Ming-Cheng Lee, Hen-Hong Chang, Yu-Jen Chen
Chemotherapy is an important treatment modality for colon cancer, and concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) is the preferred treatment route for patients with stage II and III rectal cancer. We examined whether DangguiBuxue Tang (DBT), a traditional Chinese herbal extract, sensitizes colorectal cancer cells to anticancer treatments. The polysaccharide-depleted fraction of DBT (DBT-PD) contains greater amounts of astragaloside IV (312.626 µg/g) and ferulic acid (1.404 µg/g) than does the original formula...
December 6, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929134/contrast-enhanced-transrectal-ultrasound-for-prediction-of-prostate-cancer-aggressiveness-the-role-of-normal-peripheral-zone-time-intensity-curves
#11
Hui Huang, Zheng-Qiu Zhu, Zheng-Guo Zhou, Ling-Shan Chen, Ming Zhao, Yang Zhang, Hong-Bo Li, Li-Ping Yin
To assess the role of time-intensity curves (TICs) of the normal peripheral zone (PZ) in the identification of biopsy-proven prostate nodules using contrast-enhanced transrectal ultrasound (CETRUS). This study included 132 patients with 134 prostate PZ nodules. Arrival time (AT), peak intensity (PI), mean transit time (MTT), area under the curve (AUC), time from peak to one half (TPH), wash in slope (WIS) and time to peak (TTP) were analyzed using multivariate linear logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves to assess whether combining nodule TICs with normal PZ TICs improved the prediction of prostate cancer (PCa) aggressiveness...
December 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928799/-impact-of-laparoscopic-surgery-on-efficacy-in-the-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-in-different-anatomical-locations
#12
Qingfeng Chen, Jianxian Lin, Chaohui Zheng, Ping Li, Jianwei Xie, Jiabin Wang, Jun Lu, Qiyue Chen, Mi Lin, Longlong Cao, Changming Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) in different anatomical locations. METHODS: Clinical data of 133 patients with primary gastric GIST undergoing laparoscopic resection at our department from January 2006 to December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into favorable site group (F group, 90 cases), including gastric fundus, anterior wall and greater curvature of gastric body, and unfavorable site group (UF group, 43 cases),including gastroesophageal junction, posterior wall and lesser curvature of gastric body,antrum and pylorus, according to the 2014 version National Comprehensive Cancer Network Clinical Guidelines...
November 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928795/-assessment-value-of-preoperative-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-in-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-gastric-mixed-adenoneuroendocrine-carcinoma
#13
Longlong Cao, Jun Lu, Jianxian Lin, Chaohui Zheng, Ping Li, Jianwei Xie, Jiabin Wang, Qiyue Chen, Mi Lin, Ruhong Tu, Changming Huang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the prognostic assessment value of preoperative blood platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in patients with gastric mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma (gMANEC) treated with radical surgery. METHODS: Clinical and pathological data of 84 gMANEC patients who underwent radical resection from 2006 to 2016 in Department of Gastric Surgery, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to determine the cutoff value of the PLR for predicting prognosis...
November 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928613/evaluation-of-the-antibacterial-activity-of-a-cationic-polymer-in-aqueous-solution-with-a-convenient-electrochemical-method
#14
Yihong Wang, Qing Guo, Huafu Wang, Kun Qian, Liang Tian, Chen Yao, Wei Song, Weixia Shu, Ping Chen, Jinxu Qi
Quaternized chitosan is a cationic biopolymer with good antibacterial activity, biocompatibility, and biodegradability, and it has been widely applied in many fields. We have developed a convenient method to evaluate the antibacterial activity of hydroxypropyltrimethylammonium chloride chitosan (HACC) with a nonionic surfactant poloxamer in aqueous solution by monitoring the change of the oxidation peak current in cyclic voltammetry. Increasing values of the oxidation peak current were positively correlated with the antibacterial activity of HACC-poloxamer solutions...
December 7, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927202/positive-association-between-serum-apolipoprotein-m-levels-and-hepatitis-b-virus-dna-load-in-hbeag-negative-chronic-hepatitis-b
#15
Ting Shen, Wei Min Wu, Wen Han Du, Lin Wang, La Gu He, Li Tan, ZeYou Wang, Ruohong Chen, Min Hu, Ya Ping Ren
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis virus B (HBV) has infected millions of people worldwide. Notably, such infections can be associated with hepatic complications. Levels of apolipoprotein M (apoM), a component of high-density lipoprotein (HDL), are known to be significantly elevated in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between HBV DNA load in serum and serum apoM levels in patients with CHB. METHODS: A total of 73 HBeAg-negative CHB patients, 50 HBeAg-positive CHB patients, and 79 non-CHB controls were included in the study cohort...
December 7, 2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926581/diagnostic-value-of-platelet-indices-and-bone-marrow-megakaryocytic-parameters-in-immune-thrombocytopenic-purpura
#16
Yue-Ting Tang, Ping He, Ya-Zhen Li, Huan-Zhu Chen, Xiao-Lan Chang, Qing-Dong Xie, Xiao-Yang Jiao
Platelet indices could mirror megakaryopoietic activity in immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), but its specificity and sensitivity need to be studied. The diagnostic performance of platelet indices was analyzed by receiver-operating characteristic curves, and the probability of true positive (sensitivity) and true negative (specificity) in predicting ITP, myelodysplasia, or controls was determined. Mean platelet volume (MPV) was higher, whereas plateletcrit (PCT) was significantly lower in ITP than in myelodysplasia and controls...
December 6, 2016: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925395/persistency-of-enlarged-autolysosomes-underscores-nanoparticle-induced-autophagy-in-hepatocytes
#17
Ji-Qian Zhang, Wei Zhou, Sha-Sha Zhu, Jun Lin, Peng-Fei Wei, Fen-Fen Li, Pei-Pei Jin, Han Yao, Yun-Jiao Zhang, Yi Hu, Yi-Ming Liu, Ming Chen, Zheng-Quan Li, Xue-Sheng Liu, Li Bai, Long-Ping Wen
The diverse biological effects of nanomaterials form the basis for their applications in biomedicine but also cause safety issues. Induction of autophagy is a cellular response after nanoparticles exposure. It may be beneficial in some circumstances, yet autophagy-mediated toxicity raises an alarming concern. Previously, it has been reported that upconversion nanoparticles (UCNs) elicit liver damage, with autophagy contributing most of this toxicity. However, the detailed mechanism is unclear. This study reveals persistent presence of enlarged autolysosomes in hepatocytes after exposure to UCNs and SiO2 nanoparticles both in vitro and in vivo...
December 7, 2016: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925358/castration-induced-changes-in-the-expression-profiles-and-promoter-methylation-of-the-ghr-gene-in-huainan-male-pigs
#18
Jing Wang, Junfeng Chen, Jiaqing Zhang, Binwen Gao, Xianxiao Bai, Yali Lan, Ping Lin, Hongxia Guo, Yuan Gao, Baosong Xing
Castration plays a regulatory role in growth and carcass traits, particularly in fat deposition, but its molecular mechanisms are still not clear. The present study showed that castration significantly reduced the serum growth hormone and the responses of the growth hormone receptor (GHR), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-I), IGF-IR and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) to castration were similar in different adipose tissues. However, the GHR expression trends were opposite between the liver and the adipose tissues; bisulfite sequencing PCR (BSP) showed that its methylation in these two tissues was different...
December 7, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924842/effects-of-liposomes-charge-on-extending-sciatic-nerve-blockade-of-n-ethyl-bromide-of-lidocaine-in-rats
#19
Qinqin Yin, Bowen Ke, Xiaobing Chen, Yikai Guan, Ping Feng, Guo Chen, Yi Kang, Wensheng Zhang, Yu Nie
N-methyl bromide of lidocaine (QX-314) is a potential local anaesthetic with compromised penetration through cell membranes due to its obligated positive charge. Liposomes have been widely used for drug delivery with promising efficacy and safety. Therefore we investigated the local anaesthetic effects and tissue reactions of QX-314 in combination with anionic, cationic or neutral liposomes in rat sciatic nerve block model, and explored the effects of these liposomes on cellular entry of QX-314 in human embryonic kidney 293 cells...
December 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924795/alisol-a-24-acetate-a-triterpenoid-derived-from-alisma-orientale-inhibits-ox-ldl-induced-phenotypic-transformation-and-migration-of-rat-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-through-suppressing-erk1-2-signaling
#20
Xie-Hua Xue, Xiao-Mao Zhou, Wei Wei, Tong Chen, Qing-Ping Su, Jing Tao, Li-Dian Chen
Alisol A 24-acetate, a triterpenoid extracted from Alisma orientale, has shown antiatherosclerotic actions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the inhibition of alisol A 24-acetate on oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL)-induced phenotypic transformation and migration of rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), and to explore the underlying mechanisms. VSMCs were pretreated with alisol A 24-acetate and a specific extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) inhibitor, U0126, and then stimulated with 50 mg/l Ox-LDL in vitro...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Vascular Research
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