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Resident assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334514/monitoring-depression-rates-in-an-urban-community-use-of-electronic-health-records
#1
Arthur J Davidson, Stanley Xu, Carlos Irwin A Oronce, M Josh Durfee, Emily V McCormick, John F Steiner, Edward Havranek, Arne Beck
OBJECTIVES: Depression is the most common mental health disorder and mediates outcomes for many chronic diseases. Ability to accurately identify and monitor this condition, at the local level, is often limited to estimates from national surveys. This study sought to compare and validate electronic health record (EHR)-based depression surveillance with multiple data sources for more granular demographic subgroup and subcounty measurements. DESIGN/SETTING: A survey compared data sources for the ability to provide subcounty (eg, census tract [CT]) depression prevalence estimates...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334343/breast-milk-iodine-concentrations-and-iodine-levels-of-infants-according-to-the-iodine-status-of-the-country-of-residence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Pantea Nazeri, Ali Kabir, Hosein Dalili, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: Iodine, an essential micronutrient, plays a critical role in normal growth and development, especially during the first two years of life. This systematic review and meta-analysis is among the first to evaluate breast-milk iodine concentrations and infant iodine status in countries characterized by iodine sufficiency or deficiency. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, and other relevant databases, as well as reference lists of previous reviews, were searched for relevant studies published between 1986 and 2016...
January 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334004/examining-residence-status-as-a-risk-factor-for-health-risk-behaviors-among-college-students
#3
Angelo M DiBello, Madeline B Benz, Mary Beth Miller, Jennifer E Merrill, Kate B Carey
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to evaluate college student residence as a unique risk factor for a range of negative health behaviors. PARTICIPANTS: We examined data from 63,555 students (66% female) from 157 campuses who completed the National College Health Assessment Survey in Spring 2011. METHODS: Participants answered questions about the frequency of recent use of alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, and illicit drugs as well as sexual risk behavior in the last 30 days...
January 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333845/-script-concordance-test-first-nationwide-experience-in-pediatrics
#4
Magali Hamui, Juan P Ferreira, Milagros Torrents, Fernando Torres, Mariano Ibarra, Maria F Ossorio, Luis Urrutia, Fernando Ferrero
The Script Concordance Test is a suitable test for assessing clinical reasoning in postgraduate medical education. We present the first nationwide, realtime, web-based experience of a Script Concordance Test administered to 3rd year pediatric residents. The test was administered to 268 residents (postgraduate year 3), from 56 different programs, requiring 46.1 ± 27.1 minutes to complete it, and scoring 65.3 ± 7.47 points. A later survey showed limited satisfaction from participants. This experience showed that this kind of test is feasible in this setting...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333678/supplementary-feeding-as-a-source-of-multiresistant-salmonella-in-endangered-egyptian-vultures
#5
Guillermo Blanco
Wild birds have repeatedly been highlighted as vectors in the dissemination of livestock and human pathogens. Here, the occurrence, serotypes and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella were assessed in adult Egyptian vultures (Neophron percnopterus), to test the hypothesis that infection is associated with the consumption of swine carcasses provided at supplementary feeding stations (SFSs). Faeces of year-round resident griffon vultures (Gyps fulvus) were also tested to assess whether infection was acquired in the breeding grounds of both species or in the African wintering quarters of Egyptian vultures...
January 14, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333660/interventions-to-increase-attendance-for-diabetic-retinopathy-screening
#6
REVIEW
John G Lawrenson, Ella Graham-Rowe, Fabiana Lorencatto, Jennifer Burr, Catey Bunce, Jillian J Francis, Patricia Aluko, Stephen Rice, Luke Vale, Tunde Peto, Justin Presseau, Noah Ivers, Jeremy M Grimshaw
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence supporting the effectiveness of diabetic retinopathy screening (DRS) in reducing the risk of sight loss, attendance for screening is consistently below recommended levels. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of the review was to assess the effectiveness of quality improvement (QI) interventions that seek to increase attendance for DRS in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.Secondary objectives were:To use validated taxonomies of QI intervention strategies and behaviour change techniques (BCTs) to code the description of interventions in the included studies and determine whether interventions that include particular QI strategies or component BCTs are more effective in increasing screening attendance;To explore heterogeneity in effect size within and between studies to identify potential explanatory factors for variability in effect size;To explore differential effects in subgroups to provide information on how equity of screening attendance could be improved;To critically appraise and summarise current evidence on the resource use, costs and cost effectiveness...
January 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333080/comparisons-of-traffic-related-ultrafine-particle-number-concentrations-measured-in-two-urban-areas-by-central-residential-and-mobile-monitoring
#7
Matthew C Simon, Neelakshi Hudda, Elena N Naumova, Jonathan I Levy, Doug Brugge, John L Durant
Traffic-related ultrafine particles (UFP; <100 nanometers diameter) are ubiquitous in urban air. While studies have shown that UFP are toxic, epidemiological evidence of health effects, which is needed to inform risk assessment at the population scale, is limited due to challenges of accurately estimating UFP exposures. Epidemiologic studies often use empirical models to estimate UFP exposures; however, the monitoring strategies upon which the models are based have varied between studies. Our study compares particle number concentrations (PNC; a proxy for UFP) measured by three different monitoring approaches (central-site, short-term residential-site, and mobile on-road monitoring) in two study areas in metropolitan Boston (MA, USA)...
November 2017: Atmospheric Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332687/similarities-and-differences-in-estimates-of-sleep-duration-by-polysomnography-actigraphy-diary-and-self-reported-habitual-sleep-in-a-community-sample
#8
Karen A Matthews, Sanjay R Patel, Elizabeth J Pantesco, Daniel J Buysse, Thomas W Kamarck, Laisze Lee, Martica H Hall
OBJECTIVES: To compare estimates of sleep duration defined by polysomnography (PSG), actigraphy, daily diary, and retrospective questionnaire and to identify characteristics associated with differences between measures. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Community sample. PARTICIPANTS: The sample consisted of 223 Black, White, and Asian middle- to older-aged men and women residing in the Pittsburgh, PA area. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332372/measurement-and-modeling-of-indoor-radon-concentrations-in-residential-buildings
#9
Ji Hyun Park, Sungim Whang, Hyun Young Lee, Cheol-Min Lee, Dae Ryong Kang
Objectives: Radon, the primary constituent of natural radiation, is the second leading environmental cause of lung cancer after smoking. To confirm a relationship between indoor radon exposure and lung cancer, estimating cumulative levels of exposure to indoor radon for an individual or population is necessary. This study sought to develop a model for estimate indoor radon concentrations in Korea. Especially, our model and method may have wider application to other residences, not to specific site, and can be used in situations where actual measurements for input variables are lacking...
January 8, 2018: Environmental Health and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332331/egfr-mutations-and-tumor-metastases-in-patients-with-nonsmall-cell-lung-cancer-in-the-south-of-russia
#10
Oleg I Kit, Dmitry I Vodolazhsky, Natalia N Timoshkina, Lubov' Yu Vladimirova, Igor N Turkin, Ksenia A Kutsyn, Yaroslav S Enin, Svetlana B Panina, Vladimir Jurisic
PURPOSE: To assess the frequencies of somatic EGFR mutations in the tumor tissues of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) residing in the South of Russia (SR), and to define the relationship between genetic subtypes of NSCLC and the emergence of different types of metastases. METHODS: DNA was extracted from formalin-fixed parrafin embedded (FFPE) samples of 721 patients. A total of 29 somatic EGFR mutations were detected using commercial Therascreen EGFR RGQ PCR Kit...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331972/cohort-profile-the-comparative-outcomes-and-service-utilization-trends-coast-study-among-people-living-with-and-without-hiv-in-british-columbia-canada
#11
Oghenowede Eyawo, Mark W Hull, Kate Salters, Hasina Samji, Angela Cescon, Paul Sereda, Viviane D Lima, Bohdan Nosyk, David G T Whitehurst, Scott A Lear, Julio S G Montaner, Robert S Hogg
PURPOSE: The Comparative Outcomes And Service Utilization Trends (COAST) Study in British Columbia (BC), Canada, was designed to evaluate the determinants of health outcomes and health care services use among people living with HIV (PLHIV) as they age in the period following the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). The study also assesses how age-associated comorbidities and health care use among PLHIV may differ from those observed in the general population. PARTICIPANTS: COAST was established through a data linkage between two provincial data sources: The BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS Drug Treatment Program, which centrally manages cART dispensation across BC and contains prospectively collected data on demographic, immunological, virological, cART use and other clinical information for all known PLHIV in BC; and Population Data BC, a provincial data repository that holds individual event-level, longitudinal data for all 4...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331968/association-between-health-service-utilisation-of-internal-migrant-children-and-parents-acculturation-in-guangdong-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Bo-Li Peng, Guan-Yang Zou, Wen Chen, Yan-Wei Lin, Li Ling
OBJECTIVES: To assess the health service utilisation of internal migrant children in Guangdong, China, and to explore the association between children's health service utilisation and their parents' acculturation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey between April and May 2016. SETTING: Six society-run schools of Tianhe and Baiyun districts in Guangzhou City of China. PARTICIPANTS: We recruited all students at grade 7 or 8 and one of their parents who resided in Guangzhou over 6 months without permanent registered residence (hukou) in Guangzhou (1161 pairs completed this survey)...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331944/liver-sampling-a-vital-window-into-hbv-pathogenesis-on-the-path-to-functional-cure
#13
REVIEW
Upkar S Gill, Laura J Pallett, Patrick T F Kennedy, Mala K Maini
In order to optimally refine the multiple emerging drug targets for hepatitis B virus (HBV), it is vital to evaluate virological and immunological changes at the site of infection. Traditionally liver biopsy has been the mainstay of HBV disease assessment, but with the emergence of non-invasive markers of liver fibrosis, there has been a move away from tissue sampling. Here we argue that liver biopsy remains an important tool, not only for the clinical assessment of HBV but also for research progress and evaluation of novel agents...
January 13, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331746/canadian-neurosurgery-educators-views-on-stereotactic-radiosurgery-in-residency-training
#14
Nardin Samuel, Justine Philteos, Naif M Alotaibi, Christopher Ahuja, Alireza Mansouri, Abhaya V Kulkarni
OBJECTIVE: Despite the increasing prominence of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in treating intracranial and spinal pathologies, there is currently a dearth of exposure to this modality in neurosurgical residency. To address this gap, the aim of this study is to assess neurosurgery educators' views regarding the current state of SRS exposure, and to identify potential approaches to improve residency education in this domain. METHODS: Qualitative thematic analysis and constructivist grounded theory methodology were employed...
January 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330861/validity-evidence-as-a-key-marker-of-quality-of-technical-skill-assessment-in-otl-hns
#15
Mathilde Labbé, Meredith Young, Lily H P Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: Quality monitoring of assessment practices should be a priority in all residency programs. Validity evidence is one of the main hallmarks of assessment quality and should be collected to support the interpretation and use of assessment data. Our objective was to identify, synthesize, and present the validity evidence reported supporting different technical skill assessment tools in otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (OTL-HNS). METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data generated through a systematic review of all published tools for assessing technical skills in OTL-HNS (n = 16)...
January 13, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330585/potentially-inappropriate-medications-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-undertaken-as-a-comprehensive-geriatric-risk-assessment
#16
Sharmin S Bala, Sujita W Narayan, Prasad S Nishtala
PURPOSE: The prescription of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) is associated with an increase in adverse events, prescribing cascades, high health-care costs, morbidity, and mortality in the elderly. The overarching objective of this study is to examine the prevalence of PIMs in the elderly, applying the 2012 American Geriatrics Society Beers criteria for the study period 2012-2014, and the updated 2015 Beers criteria for 2015. METHODS: The study population (N = 70,479) included a continuously recruited national cohort of community-dwelling older (aged ≥ 65 years) New Zealanders who had undertaken the International Resident Assessment Instrument-Home Care (interRAI-HC) assessments between September 2012 and October 2015...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330199/association-between-community-socioeconomic-characteristics-and-access-to-youth-flag-football
#17
Emily Kroshus, Aly J Sonnen, Sara Pd Chrisman, Frederick P Rivara
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended that opportunities for non-tackling American football (e.g., flag football) be expanded, given concerns about the risks of brain trauma from tackle football. This study tested the hypothesis that flag football would be more accessible in communities characterised by higher socioeconomic status residents. METHODS: In July 2017, the locations of community-based organisations offering youth flag and tackle football for youth between the ages of 6 and 13 in two US states (Georgia and Washington) were aggregated (n=440)...
January 12, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330198/systematic-review-of-drowning-in-india-assessment-of-burden-and-risk
#18
Caroline Lukaszyk, Rebecca Q Ivers, Jagnoor Jagnoor
AIM: To examine the burden and risk factors for fatal and non-fatal drowning in India. METHODS: Relevant literature was identified through a systematic search of 19 electronic databases and 19 national and global, institutional, organisational and government sources of injury data. Search terms used pertained to drowning, injury, trauma, morbidity and mortality in India. RESULTS: A total of 16 research articles and five data sources were included in the review...
January 12, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329793/drug-use-family-support-and-related-factors-in-university-students-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-the-unihcos-project-data
#19
Jorge Arias-De la Torre, Tania Fernández-Villa, Antonio José Molina, Carmen Amezcua-Prieto, Ramona Mateos, José María Cancela, Miguel Delgado-Rodríguez, Rocío Ortíz-Moncada, Juan Alguacil, Ana Almaraz, Inés Gómez-Acebo, María Morales Suárez-Varela, Gemma Blázquez-Abellán, Eladio Jiménez-Mejías, Luis Félix Valero, Carlos Ayán, Laura Vilorio-Marqués, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, Vicente Martín
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of illegal drug use in college students on any previous occasion, during the previous year and the previous month, and to analyze the relationship between illegal drug use and family support and other factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using data from students participating in the uniHcos project (n = 3767) was conducted. The prevalence and age of onset of consumption of cannabis, non-prescription sedatives, stimulants and depressants was evaluated...
January 9, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329579/prevalence-and-incidence-of-major-depressive-disorders-among-people-living-with-hiv-residing-in-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#20
Jean Joel Bigna, Lewis N Um, Serra Lem Asangbeh, Aurelie T Sibetcheu, Arnaud D Kazé, Jobert Richie Nansseu
BACKGROUND: Depression represents one of the most frequent neuro-psychiatric diseases; it seems to be more prevalent in people living with HIV compared to the general population. However, summarized data in the African setting on the topic are scarce. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims at assessing the prevalence and incidence of major depressive disorders (MDD) in HIV-infected African populations residing in Africa. METHODS AND DESIGN: This review will include observational studies conducted among HIV-infected people residing in Africa, which have reported either the prevalence or incidence of MDD or enough data for its appraisal...
January 12, 2018: Systematic Reviews
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