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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317788/current-status-of-transcatheter-mitral-valve-therapy-in-europe-results-from-an-eapci-survey-part-ii
#1
Anna Sonia Petronio, Piera Capranzano, Emanuele Barbato, Nicolò Piazza, Andreas Baumbach, Michael Haude, Stephan Windecker
AIMS: The European Association of Percutaneous Coronary Interventions (EAPCI) assessed the current status of transcatheter valve therapy in Europe through a web-based survey. Our aim here was to report the results of that survey regarding trends in percutaneous mitral valve repair (PMVR) therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 301 European centres participating in the overall EAPCI survey, 246 (81.7%) responded to the PMVR section questions. A total of 176 (71.5%) have been undertaking a PMVR programme...
March 20, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303543/accelerometer-data-collection-and-processing-criteria-to-assess-physical-activity-and-other-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-practical-considerations
#2
REVIEW
Jairo H Migueles, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Ulf Ekelund, Christine Delisle Nyström, Jose Mora-Gonzalez, Marie Löf, Idoia Labayen, Jonatan R Ruiz, Francisco B Ortega
BACKGROUND: Accelerometers are widely used to measure sedentary time, physical activity, physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE), and sleep-related behaviors, with the ActiGraph being the most frequently used brand by researchers. However, data collection and processing criteria have evolved in a myriad of ways out of the need to answer unique research questions; as a result there is no consensus. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this review was to: (1) compile and classify existing studies assessing sedentary time, physical activity, energy expenditure, or sleep using the ActiGraph GT3X/+ through data collection and processing criteria to improve data comparability and (2) review data collection and processing criteria when using GT3X/+ and provide age-specific practical considerations based on the validation/calibration studies identified...
March 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302050/implementation-of-clinical-research-trials-using-web-based-and-mobile-devices-challenges-and-solutions
#3
EDITORIAL
Roy Eagleson, Luis Altamirano-Diaz, Alex McInnis, Eva Welisch, Stefanie De Jesus, Harry Prapavessis, Meghan Rombeek, Jamie A Seabrook, Teresa Park, Kambiz Norozi
BACKGROUND: With the increasing implementation of web-based, mobile health interventions in clinical trials, it is crucial for researchers to address the security and privacy concerns of patient information according to high ethical standards. The full process of meeting these standards is often made more complicated due to the use of internet-based technology and smartphones for treatment, telecommunication, and data collection; however, this process is not well-documented in the literature...
March 17, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295580/specpad-device-independent-nmr-data-visualization-and-processing-based-on-the-novel-dart-programming-language-and-html5-web-technology
#4
Bruno Guigas
SpecPad is a new device-independent software program for the visualization and processing of one- and two-dimensional NMR time domain (FID) and frequency domain (spectrum) data. It is the result of a project to investigate whether the novel programming language DART, in combination with Html5 Web technology, forms a suitable base to write an NMR data evaluation software which runs on modern computing devices such as Android, iOS, and Windows tablets as well as on Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X desktop PCs and notebooks...
March 12, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry: MRC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292817/how-do-family-physicians-measure-blood-pressure-in-routine-clinical-practice-national-survey-of-canadian-family-physicians
#5
Janusz Kaczorowski, Martin G Myers, Mark Gelfer, Martin Dawes, Eric J Mang, Angelique Berg, Claudio Del Grande, Dragan Kljujic
OBJECTIVE: To describe the techniques currently used by family physicians in Canada to measure blood pressure (BP) for screening for, diagnosing, and treating hypertension. DESIGN: A Web-based cross-sectional survey distributed by e-mail. SETTING: Stratified random sample of family physicians in Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Family physician members of the College of Family Physicians of Canada with valid e-mail addresses. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Physicians' self-reported routine methods for recording BP in their practices to screen for, diagnose, and manage hypertension...
March 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288334/trunk-biomechanics-during-hemiplegic-gait-after-stroke-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Tamaya Van Criekinge, Wim Saeys, Ann Hallemans, Silke Velghe, Pieter-Jan Viskens, Luc Vereeck, Willem De Hertogh, Steven Truijen
Stroke commonly results in trunk impairments that are associated with decreased trunk coordination and limited trunk muscle strength. These impairments often result in biomechanical changes during walking. Additionally, the so-called pelvic step might be influenced by these impairments. Therefore, the aim of this review was twofold. First, to gain more insight into trunk biomechanics during walking in stroke patients compared to healthy individuals. Second, to investigate the influence of walking speed on trunk biomechanics...
March 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286761/developing-an-app-by-exploiting-web-based-mobile-technology-to-inspect-controlled-substances-in-patient-care-units
#7
Ying-Hao Lu, Li-Yao Lee, Ying-Lan Chen, Hsing-I Cheng, Wen-Tsung Tsai, Chen-Chun Kuo, Chung-Yu Chen, Yaw-Bin Huang
We selected iOS in this study as the App operation system, Objective-C as the programming language, and Oracle as the database to develop an App to inspect controlled substances in patient care units. Using a web-enabled smartphone, pharmacist inspection can be performed on site and the inspection result can be directly recorded into HIS through the Internet, so human error of data translation can be minimized and the work efficiency and data processing can be improved. This system not only is fast and convenient compared to the conventional paperwork, but also provides data security and accuracy...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284587/multiple-unintended-pregnancies-in-u-s-women-a-systematic-review
#8
E Angel Aztlan-James, Monica McLemore, Diana Taylor
BACKGROUND: Each year, nearly one-half of all pregnancies in the United States are unintended. Risk factors of unintended pregnancy have been studied without attention to whether the pregnancy was the woman's first unintended pregnancy or whether she had had more than one. Little is known about the prevalence, incidence, and risk factors for multiple unintended pregnancies. The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic review of the extant literature on the risk factors for multiple unintended pregnancies in women in the United States, and whether these factors are specific to multiple unintended pregnancies...
March 8, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283999/a-semantic-based-model-for-triage-patients-in-emergency-departments
#9
Guilherme Wunsch, Cristiano A da Costa, Rodrigo R Righi
Triage is a process performed in an emergency department that aims to sort patients according to their need for care. When performed speedily and correctly, this process can potentially increase the chances of survival for a patient with serious complications. This study aims to develop a computer model, called UbiTriagem, which supports the process of triage using the concepts of web semantics and ubiquitous computing focused on healthcare. For evaluating the proposal, we performed an analysis of scenario-driven triage based on previously determined ratings...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275425/a-clinical-and-ethical-review-on-late-results-and-benefits-after-evar
#10
REVIEW
Carlo Setacci, Pasqualino Sirignano, Vittorio Fineschi, Paola Frati, Giovanna Ricci, Francesco Speziale
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this review is to assess if late mortality after endovascular repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is a real problem, and whether it could be an issue in the case of medical litigation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A review of all English language literature was performed on PubMed web-site, looking for all papers reporting EVAR long-term mortality rate. EVAR performances were reviewed also from an ethical and medico-legal point of view, based on current Italian laws...
April 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265321/prepuce-health-and-childhood-circumcision-choices-in-canada
#11
REVIEW
Emmanuel O Abara
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, almost 100% of boys are born with penises with a "hood" called prepuce or foreskin. In the course of the boy's life, the prepuce can be circumcised, can become affected by diseased (e.g., phimosis), or a can become infected and hurt the neonate (and his sexual partner) in adulthood. The objectives of this report are to: 1) review the state, function, fate, and care of the prepuce in childhood, with focus on the neonate, in Canada; 2) understand the current practice of childhood male circumcision in terms of age, indications, performers, techniques, outcomes, and education; and 3) consider ways to sustain a good healthcare professional-parental dialogue for safe practices that are accessible, acceptable, and culturally sensitive in the care of the prepuce...
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264792/enhancing-mhealth-technology-in-the-patient-centered-medical-home-environment-to-activate-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-multisite-feasibility-study-protocol
#12
Ronald Gimbel, Lu Shi, Joel E Williams, Cheryl J Dye, Liwei Chen, Paul Crawford, Eric A Shry, Sarah F Griffin, Karyn O Jones, Windsor W Sherrill, Khoa Truong, Jeanette R Little, Karen W Edwards, Marie Hing, Jennie B Moss
BACKGROUND: The potential of mHealth technologies in the care of patients with diabetes and other chronic conditions has captured the attention of clinicians and researchers. Efforts to date have incorporated a variety of tools and techniques, including Web-based portals, short message service (SMS) text messaging, remote collection of biometric data, electronic coaching, electronic-based health education, secure email communication between visits, and electronic collection of lifestyle and quality-of-life surveys...
March 6, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262374/should-indications-for-web-aneurysm-treatment-be-enlarged-report-of-a-series-of-20%C3%A2-patients-with-aneurysms-in-atypical-locations-for-web-treatment
#13
L Pierot, A Biondi, A-P Narata, C Mihalea, A-C Januel, G Metaxas, R Bibi, J Caroff, S Soize, C Cognard, L Spelle, D Herbreteau
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Flow disruption with the WEB device is an innovative technique for the endovascular treatment of wide neck bifurcation aneurysms. Good clinical practice trials have shown high safety of this treatment with good efficacy. Technical developments (single layer devices and smaller microcatheters) facilitate the treatment, potentially leading to enlargement of indications. This series is collecting aneurysms in "atypical" locations for WEB treatment and analyzing safety and efficacy of this treatment...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257728/effectiveness-of-orthodontic-miniscrew-implants-in-anchorage-reinforcement-during-en-masse-retraction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Joanna Antoszewska-Smith, Michał Sarul, Jan Łyczek, Tomasz Konopka, Beata Kawala
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this systematic review was to compare the effectiveness of orthodontic miniscrew implants-temporary intraoral skeletal anchorage devices (TISADs)-in anchorage reinforcement during en-masse retraction in relation to conventional methods of anchorage. METHODS: A search of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Web of Science was performed. The keywords were orthodontic, mini-implants, miniscrews, miniplates, and temporary anchorage device...
March 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254421/decompression-and-coflex-interlaminar-stabilisation-compared-with-conventional-surgical-procedures-for-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Ai-Min Li, Xiang Li, Zhong Yang
BACKGROUND: Decompression plus spinal fusion is one of the most common surgeries for the treatment of degenerative spine disease in older adults. However, complications caused by fusion surgery have been reported in some studies. Recently published studies have reported that coflex is a safe and viable option in the selection of instrumentation for spinal stabilisation. Our meta-analysis was conducted to investigate whether decompression and coflex results in better performance for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) patients when compared with decompression and fusion surgery...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251357/freezing-of-gait-and-fall-detection-in-parkinson-s-disease-using-wearable-sensors-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Ana Lígia Silva de Lima, Luc J W Evers, Tim Hahn, Lauren Bataille, Jamie L Hamilton, Max A Little, Yasuyuki Okuma, Bastiaan R Bloem, Marjan J Faber
Despite the large number of studies that have investigated the use of wearable sensors to detect gait disturbances such as Freezing of gait (FOG) and falls, there is little consensus regarding appropriate methodologies for how to optimally apply such devices. Here, an overview of the use of wearable systems to assess FOG and falls in Parkinson's disease (PD) and validation performance is presented. A systematic search in the PubMed and Web of Science databases was performed using a group of concept key words...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249308/smartphone-as-a-remote-touchpad-to-facilitate-visualization-of-3d-cerebral-angiograms-during-aneurysm-surgery
#17
Behzad Eftekhar
Background During aneurysm surgery, neurosurgeons may need to look at the cerebral angiograms again to better orient themselves to the aneurysm and also the surrounding vascular anatomy. Simplification of the intraoperative imaging review and reduction of the time interval between the view under the microscope and the angiogram review can theoretically improve orientation. Objective To describe the use of a smartphone as a remote touchpad to simplify intraoperative visualization of three-dimensional (3D) cerebral angiograms and reduce the time interval between the view under the microscope and the angiogram review...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247758/prediction-of-two-dimensional-phase-of-boron-with-anisotropic-electric-conductivity
#18
Zhi-Hao Cui, Elisa Jimenez-Izal, Anastassia N Alexandrova
Two-dimensional (2D) phases of boron are rare and unique. Here we report a new 2D all-boron phase (named the π phase) that can be grown on a W(110) surface. The π phase, composed of four-membered rings and six-membered rings filled with an additional B atom, is predicted to be the most stable on this support. It is characterized by an outstanding stability upon exfoliation off of the W surface, and unusual electronic properties. The chemical bonding analysis reveals the metallic nature of this material, which can be attributed to the multicentered π-bonds...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245619/vinesens-an-eco-smart-decision-support-viticulture-system
#19
Josman P Pérez-Expósito, Tiago M Fernández-Caramés, Paula Fraga-Lamas, Luis Castedo
This article presents VineSens, a hardware and software platform for supporting the decision-making of the vine grower. VineSens is based on a wireless sensor network system composed by autonomous and self-powered nodes that are deployed throughout a vineyard. Such nodes include sensors that allow us to obtain detailed knowledge on different viticulture processes. Thanks to the use of epidemiological models, VineSens is able to propose a custom control plan to prevent diseases like one of the most feared by vine growers: downy mildew...
February 25, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230725/towards-a-semantic-web-of-things-a-hybrid-semantic-annotation-extraction-and-reasoning-framework-for-cyber-physical-system
#20
Zhenyu Wu, Yuan Xu, Yunong Yang, Chunhong Zhang, Xinning Zhu, Yang Ji
Web of Things (WoT) facilitates the discovery and interoperability of Internet of Things (IoT) devices in a cyber-physical system (CPS). Moreover, a uniform knowledge representation of physical resources is quite necessary for further composition, collaboration, and decision-making process in CPS. Though several efforts have integrated semantics with WoT, such as knowledge engineering methods based on semantic sensor networks (SSN), it still could not represent the complex relationships between devices when dynamic composition and collaboration occur, and it totally depends on manual construction of a knowledge base with low scalability...
February 20, 2017: Sensors
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