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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134876/effects-of-accessible-website-design-on-nondisabled-users-age-and-device-as-moderating-factors
#1
Sven Schmutz, Andreas Sonderegger, Juergen Sauer
This study examined how implementing recommendations from Web accessibility guidelines affects nondisabled people in different age groups using different technical devices. While recent research showed positive effects of implementing such recommendations for nondisabled users, it remains unclear whether such effects would apply to different age groups and kind of devices. A 2x2x2 design was employed with website accessibility (high accessibility vs. very low accessibility), age (younger adults vs. older adults) and type of device (laptop vs...
November 14, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134819/web-based-intervention-to-improve-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-patients-shock-related-anxiety-and-quality-of-life-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Tuğba Yardımcı, Hatice Mert
In spite of its effectiveness, implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) patients face psychological problems such as shock-related anxiety due to device shocks. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a web-based intervention program for ICD patients would reduce shock-related anxiety and improve quality of life compared with usual care. This was a randomized controlled trial study including a total of 76 patients. Data were collected using Turkish versions of the Florida Shock Anxiety Scale and Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) at 0 (baseline), 3, and 6 months...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129030/effects-of-cpap-and-mandibular-advancement-device-treatment-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Martha Schwartz, Luis Acosta, Yuan-Lung Hung, Mariela Padilla, Reyes Enciso
The purpose of this review is to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) with a mandibular advancement device (MAD) in improving the quality of life (sleepiness, cognitive, and functional outcomes) in patients diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Authors identified randomized, placebo-controlled studies from MEDLINE through PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library. Studies were assessed for inclusion and exclusion criteria, as well as risk of bias...
November 11, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117010/assessing-the-methodological-quality-of-glaucoma-clinical-practice-guidelines-and-their-recommendations-on-microinvasive-glaucoma-surgery-a-systematic-review
#4
Evan Michaelov, James J Armstrong, Mary Nguyen, Bridget Instrum, Tracey Lam, James Denstedt, Cindy M L Hutnik
INTRODUCTION: Clinical practice guidelines (CPG) are regarded by many as critical communications providing guidance within specific medical fields. Over a decade ago, the first microinvasive glaucoma surgical procedures (MIGS) were introduced. Since then, a number of these novel intraocular pressure (IOP) controlling surgical options have been approved worldwide. Governing bodies and healthcare administration often utilize CPGs when considering funding for newer technologies. This highlights the importance of well-written, accurate and up-to-date CPGs in the rapidly evolving field of MIGS...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112647/intrauterine-device-use-and-cervical-cancer-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Victoria K Cortessis, Malcolm Barrett, Niquelle Brown Wade, Temuulen Enebish, Judith L Perrigo, Jessica Tobin, Charlie Zhong, Jennifer Zink, Vanessa Isiaka, Laila I Muderspach, Melissa Natavio, Roberta McKean-Cowdin
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between use of an intrauterine device (IUD) and risk of cervical cancer by subjecting existing data to critical review, quantitative synthesis, and interpretation. DATA SOURCES: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov, and catalogs of scientific meetings and abstracts, theses, and dissertations queried from inception through July 2016. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Examination of abstracts from 225 reports identified 34 studies with individual-level measures of use of an IUD and incident cervical cancer...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109357/occupational-exposure-to-electromagnetic-fields-from-medical-sources
#6
Rianne Stam, Sachiko Yamaguchi-Sekino
High exposures to electromagnetic fields (EMF) can occur near certain medical devices in the hospital environment. A systematic assessment of medical occupational EMF exposure could help to clarify where more attention to occupational safety may be needed. This paper seeks to identify sources of high exposure for hospital workers and compare the published exposure data to occupational limits in the European Union. A systematic search for peer-reviewed publications was conducted via PubMed and Scopus databases...
November 3, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105254/reforming-foodservice-in-elderly-care-national-actions-and-local-outcomes
#7
Malin Skinnars Josefsson, Margaretha Nydahl, Inger Persson, Ylva Mattsson Sydner
AIM: The aim was to explore the outcome, on a local level, of steering, organisation and practices of elderly care foodservice by Swedish municipalities, and changes relative to national actions. METHODS: A survey using a web-based questionnaire about elderly care foodservice targeting all Swedish municipalities (n = 290) was conducted in 2006 and 2013/2014. The questionnaire included the topics: organisation of foodservice, its practice in elderly care and steering devices such as guidelines and policies...
November 3, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097354/the-importance-of-trust-in-the-adoption-and-use-of-intelligent-assistive-technology-by-older-adults-to-support-aging-in-place-scoping-review-protocol
#8
Josephine McMurray, Gillian Strudwick, Cheryl Forchuk, Adam Morse, Jessica Lachance, Arani Baskaran, Lauren Allison, Richard Booth
BACKGROUND: Intelligent assistive technologies that complement and extend human abilities have proliferated in recent years. Service robots, home automation equipment, and other digital assistant devices possessing artificial intelligence are forms of assistive technologies that have become popular in society. Older adults (>55 years of age) have been identified by industry, government, and researchers as a demographic who can benefit significantly from the use of intelligent assistive technology to support various activities of daily living...
November 2, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092945/the-digital-slide-archive-a-software-platform-for-management-integration-and-analysis-of-histology-for-cancer-research
#9
David A Gutman, Mohammed Khalilia, Sanghoon Lee, Michael Nalisnik, Zach Mullen, Jonathan Beezley, Deepak R Chittajallu, David Manthey, Lee A D Cooper
Tissue-based cancer studies can generate large amounts of histology data in the form of glass slides. These slides contain important diagnostic, prognostic, and biological information and can be digitized into expansive and high-resolution whole-slide images using slide-scanning devices. Effectively utilizing digital pathology data in cancer research requires the ability to manage, visualize, share, and perform quantitative analysis on these large amounts of image data, tasks that are often complex and difficult for investigators with the current state of commercial digital pathology software...
November 1, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092068/development-of-a-research-oriented-system-for-collecting-mechanical-ventilator-waveform-data
#10
Gregory B Rehm, Brooks T Kuhn, Jean-Pierre Delplanque, Edward C Guo, Monica K Lieng, Jimmy Nguyen, Nicholas R Anderson, Jason Y Adams
Lack of access to high-frequency, high-volume patient-derived data, such as mechanical ventilator waveform data, has limited the secondary use of these data for research, quality improvement, and decision support. Existing methods for collecting these data are obtrusive, require high levels of technical expertise, and are often cost-prohibitive, limiting their use and scalability for research applications. We describe here the development of an unobtrusive, open-source, scalable, and user-friendly architecture for collecting, transmitting, and storing mechanical ventilator waveform data that is generalizable to other patient care devices...
October 28, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091477/evaluation-of-a-new-digital-automated-glycemic-pattern-detection-tool
#11
María José Comellas, Emma Albiñana, Maite Artes, Rosa Corcoy, Diego Fernández-García, Jorge García-Alemán, Beatriz García-Cuartero, Cintia González, María Teresa Rivero, Núria Casamira, Jörg Weissmann
BACKGROUND: Blood glucose meters are reliable devices for data collection, providing electronic logs of historical data easier to interpret than handwritten logbooks. Automated tools to analyze these data are necessary to facilitate glucose pattern detection and support treatment adjustment. These tools emerge in a broad variety in a more or less nonevaluated manner. The aim of this study was to compare eDetecta, a new automated pattern detection tool, to nonautomated pattern analysis in terms of time investment, data interpretation, and clinical utility, with the overarching goal to identify early in development and implementation of tool areas of improvement and potential safety risks...
November 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082805/identification-and-prediction-of-the-fertile-window-with-a-new-web-based-medical-device-using-a-vaginal-biosensor-for-measuring-the-circadian-and-circamensual-core-body-temperature
#12
Pedro-Antonio Regidor, Marta Kaczmarczyk, Esther Schiweck, Maren Goeckenjan-Festag, Henry Alexander
Fertility awareness-based (FAB) methods represent a term that includes all family planning methods that are based on the identification of the fertile window. They are based on the woman's observation of physiological signs of the fertile and infertile phases of the menstrual cycle. The first approach consists basically in symptothermal methods accompanied by cervical mucus measurements and clinical menstrual cycling data recording. The second most often used methods are the urinary measurement of E3G and luteinizing hormone (LH) with a personalized computer system...
October 28, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079911/the-game-between-a-biased-reviewer-and-his-editor
#13
J A García, Rosa Rodriguez-Sánchez, J Fdez-Valdivia
This paper shows that, for a large range of parameters, the journal editor prefers to delegate the choice to review the manuscript to the biased referee. If the peer review process is informative and the review reports are costly for the reviewers, even biased referees with extreme scientific preferences may choose to become informed about the manuscript's quality. On the contrary, if the review process is potentially informative but the reviewer reports are not costly for the referees, the biased reviewer has no incentive to become informed about the manuscript...
October 27, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076214/thinking-small-progress-on-microscale-neurostimulation-technology
#14
REVIEW
Joseph J Pancrazio, Felix Deku, Atefeh Ghazavi, Allison M Stiller, Rashed Rihani, Christopher L Frewin, Victor D Varner, Timothy J Gardner, Stuart F Cogan
OBJECTIVES: Neural stimulation is well-accepted as an effective therapy for a wide range of neurological disorders. While the scale of clinical devices is relatively large, translational, and pilot clinical applications are underway for microelectrode-based systems. Microelectrodes have the advantage of stimulating a relatively small tissue volume which may improve selectivity of therapeutic stimuli. Current microelectrode technology is associated with chronic tissue response which limits utility of these devices for neural recording and stimulation...
October 27, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075382/mobile-application-use-among-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residents
#15
Rachel Perry, Roshan M Burns, Rebecca Simon, Julie Youm
BACKGROUND : Mobile applications (apps) are increasingly used in clinical settings, particularly among resident physicians. Apps available to patients and physicians are rapidly expanding. OBJECTIVE : We aimed to describe obstetrics and gynecology (ob-gyn) residents' use of and attitudes toward ob-gyn-related mobile apps. METHODS : We conducted a cross-sectional survey of residents at all 19 California ob-gyn programs using a web-based questionnaire...
October 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069841/impact-of-hyperlipidemia-and-atrial-fibrillation-on-the-efficacy-of-endovascular-treatment-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-meta-analysis
#16
Jingwei Zheng, Ligen Shi, Weilin Xu, Ningning Zhao, Feng Liang, Jingyi Zhou, Jianmin Zhang
INTRODUCTION: Stroke is the crucial cause of death annually. Inconsistent results from the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aroused controversy on efficacy of endovascular treatment (EVT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: To evaluate the efficacy of EVT in stroke patients. We searched three databases including PubMed, Web of science and the Cochrane Library from Jan 2011 to Apr 2017. Eligible studies were RCTs comparing EVT versus standard medical therapy alone. The primary outcomes were favorable functional outcomes (modified Rankin Scale score, 0-2) at 3 months...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069479/flyatlas-2-a-new-version-of-the-drosophila-melanogaster-expression-atlas-with-rna-seq-mirna-seq-and-sex-specific-data
#17
David P Leader, Sue A Krause, Aniruddha Pandit, Shireen A Davies, Julian A T Dow
FlyAtlas 2 ( www.flyatlas2.org ) is part successor, part complement to the FlyAtlas database and web application for studying the expression of the genes of Drosophila melanogaster in different tissues of adults and larvae. Although generated in the same lab with the same fly line raised on the same diet as FlyAtlas, the FlyAtlas2 resource employs a completely new set of expression data based on RNA-Seq, rather than microarray analysis, and so it allows the user to obtain information for the expression of different transcripts of a gene...
October 24, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069310/morca-sailing-bioinformatics-world-with-mobile-devices
#18
Sergio Díaz-Del-Pino, Juan Falgueras, Esteban Perez-Wohlfeil, Oswaldo Trelles
Motivation: Nearly ten years have passed since the first mobile apps appeared. Given the fact that bioinformatics is a web-based world and that mobile devices are endowed with web-browsers, it seemed natural that bioinformatics would transit from personal computers to mobile devices but nothing could be further from the truth. The transition demands new paradigms, designs and novel implementations. Results: Throughout an in-depth analysis of requirements of existing bioinformatics applications we designed and deployed an easy-to-use web-based lightweight mobile client...
October 24, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066266/cross-pin-versus-interference-screw-for-femoral-graft-fixation-in-hamstring-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-outcomes
#19
REVIEW
Bin Hu, Weiliang Shen, Chenhe Zhou, Jiahong Meng, Haobo Wu, Shigui Yan
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of a cross pin and interference screw for femoral graft fixation in primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) and provide an appropriate reference for orthopaedic surgeons. METHODS: The Medline, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Scopus, and PubMed databases were searched in March 2016, and comparative trials using cross-pin and interference screw devices for femoral graft fixation in primary hamstring ACLR with clinical outcome measurements were included in the review...
October 21, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065021/quantitative-and-qualitative-analysis-of-the-impact-of-adoption-of-a-mobile-application-for-the-assessment-of-professionalism-in-medical-trainees
#20
Juan C Cendán, Analia Castiglioni, Teresa R Johnson, Mike Eakins, Marcia L Verduin, Abdo Asmar, David Metcalf, Caridad Hernandez
PURPOSE: Capturing either lapses or excellence in behaviors related to medical professionalism is difficult. The authors report a mixed-methods analysis of a novel mobile platform for assessing medical professionalism in a training environment. METHOD: A mobile Web-based platform to facilitate professionalism assessment in a situated clinical setting (Professional Mobile Monitoring of Behaviors [PROMOBES]) was developed. A professionalism framework consisting of six domains (reliability, adaptability, peer relationships, upholding principles, team relationships, and scholarship) encompassing 25 subelements underpins the reporting structure...
November 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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