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prevention of pressure ulcers

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036406/effects-of-computerized-decision-support-system-implementations-on-patient-outcomes-in-inpatient-care-a-systematic-review
#1
Julian Varghese, Maren Kleine, Sophia Isabella Gessner, Sarah Sandmann, Martin Dugas
Objectives: To systematically classify the clinical impact of computerized clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) in inpatient care. Materials and Methods: Medline, Cochrane Trials, and Cochrane Reviews were searched for CDSS studies that assessed patient outcomes in inpatient settings. For each study, 2 physicians independently mapped patient outcome effects to a predefined medical effect score to assess the clinical impact of reported outcome effects. Disagreements were measured by using weighted kappa and solved by consensus...
September 23, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988757/pressure-ulcers-in-critically-ill-patients-preventable-by-non-sedation-a-substudy-of-the-nonseda-trial
#2
Helene K Nedergaard, Trine Haberlandt, Palle Toft, Hanne Irene Jensen
OBJECTIVE: Pressure ulcers still pose a significant clinical challenge to critically ill patients. This study is a substudy of the multicenter NONSEDA-trial, where critically ill patients were randomised to sedation or non-sedation during mechanical ventilation. The objective of this substudy was to assess if non-sedation affected the occurrence of pressure ulcers. DESIGN: Retrospective assessment of data from a single NONSEDA-trial site. SETTING: Mixed intensive care unit...
October 5, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983285/microbiota-of-chronic-diabetic-wounds-ecology-impact-and-potential-for-innovative-treatment-strategies
#3
REVIEW
Sónia G Pereira, João Moura, Eugénia Carvalho, Nuno Empadinhas
World Health Organization considered diabetes as one of the 20th century epidemics, estimating that over 10% of the world population is diabetic or at high risk. Self-assessment studies indicate that diabetic patients consider chronic wounds to affect their quality of life more dramatically than vision loss or renal failure. In addition to being the main reason for diabetic patients' hospitalization, the economic burden of diabetic chronic wounds is close to 1% of United Kingdom and United States health systems budgets, which exceeds the funds allocated to the treatment of some types of cancer in both countries...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980911/acute-oral-tetrahydrobiopterin-administration-ameliorates-endothelial-dysfunction-in-systemic-sclerosis
#4
Daniel R Machin, Heather L Clifton, Russell S Richardson, D Walter Wray, Anthony J Donato, Tracy M Frech
OBJECTIVES: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare, autoimmune disease characterised by endothelial dysfunction, which is associated with peripheral vasculopathy, such as digital ulcers (DU). We sought to determine if acute oral administration of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), an essential cofactor for endothelial nitric oxide synthase, would augment endothelial function in patients with SSc. METHODS: Twelve SSc patients, of whom a majority had a history of DU, were studied 5 hours after oral BH4 administration (10 mg/kg body mass) or placebo on separate days using controlled, counterbalanced, double-blind, crossover experimental design...
September 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967528/attitudes-of-surgical-nurses-towards-pressure-ulcer-prevention
#5
Seher Ünver, Ümmü Yıldız Fındık, Zeynep Kızılcık Özkan, Çağla Sürücü
STUDY AIM: Nurses play the key role in prevention of pressure ulcers, and negative attitudes of them may affect preventive care strategies. This research aimed to identify surgical nurses' attitudes towards pressure ulcer prevention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive and cross-sectional study design was used to collect data between March 31-May 16, 2016 on 101 voluntary nurses (66.01% of all nurses) working in surgical units of a university hospital in Turkey...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965863/a-methodological-framework-for-detecting-ulcers-risk-in-diabetic-foot-subjects-by-combining-gait-analysis-a-new-musculoskeletal-foot-model-and-a-foot-finite-element-model
#6
Alessandra Scarton, Annamaria Guiotto, Tiago Malaquias, Fabiola Spolaor, Giacomo Sinigaglia, Claudio Cobelli, Ilse Jonkers, Zimi Sawacha
Diabetic foot is one of the most debilitating complications of diabetes and may lead to plantar ulcers. In the last decade, gait analysis, musculoskeletal modelling (MSM) and finite element modelling (FEM) have shown their ability to contribute to diabetic foot prevention and suggested that the origin of the plantar ulcers is in deeper tissue layers rather than on the plantar surface. Hence the aim of the current work is to develop a methodology that improves FEM-derived foot internal stresses prediction, for diabetic foot prevention applications...
September 1, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960550/incidence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-the-development-of-pressure-ulcers-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#7
María Isabel González-Méndez, Marta Lima-Serrano, Catalina Martín-Castaño, Inmaculada Alonso-Araujo, Joaquín Salvador Lima-Rodríguez
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determinate the incidence, incidence rate and risk factors of pressure ulcers (PUs) in critical care patients. BACKGROUND: PUs represent one of the most frequent health problems in clinical practice. Specifically, critical patients who are hospitalized in intensive care units (ICU) have a higher risk of developing a PU, with an incidence that fluctuates between 3.3% and 52.9% according to previous studies. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958355/acute-management-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
REVIEW
Michael A Vella, Marie L Crandall, Mayur B Patel
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability in patients with trauma. Management strategies must focus on preventing secondary injury by avoiding hypotension and hypoxia and maintaining appropriate cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), which is a surrogate for cerebral blood flow. CPP can be maintained by increasing mean arterial pressure, decreasing intracranial pressure, or both. The goal should be euvolemia and avoidance of hypotension. Other factors that deserve important consideration in the acute management of patients with TBI are venous thromboembolism, stress ulcer, and seizure prophylaxis, as well as nutritional and metabolic optimization...
October 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933700/a-secondary-analysis-of-longitudinal-prevalence-data-to-determine-the-use-of-pressure-ulcer-preventive-measures-in-dutch-nursing-homes-2005-2014
#9
Martin Wf van Leen, Joseph Mga Schols, Steven Er Hovius, Ruud Jg Halfens
Pressure ulcers (PUs) are an important and distressing problem in Dutch nursing homes. A secondary analysis of longitudinal data from the Dutch National Prevalence Measurement of Care Problems (LPZ) - an annual, multicenter, point-prevalence survey - was conducted for the years 2005-2014 to determine the use of specific recommended PU preventive measures from the European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel 1998, the National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel/European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel 2009, and the 2002 and 2011 Dutch PU guidelines...
September 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922519/a-cost-minimisation-analysis-of-olive-oil-versus-hyperoxygenated-fatty-acid-treatment-for-the-prevention-of-pressure-ulcers-in-primary-health-care-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Inmaculada Lupiañez-Pérez, Juan Carlos Morilla-Herrera, Shakira Kaknani-Uttumchanchandani, Yolanda Lupiañez-Perez, Magdalena Cuevas-Fernandez-Gallego, Francisco Martin-Santos, Jorge Caro-Bautista, Jose Miguel Morales-Asencio
Pressure ulcers represent a major current health problem and cause an important economic impact on the health care system. Most studies on the prevention of pressure ulcers have been carried out in hospital contexts, with respect to the use of hyperoxygenated fatty acids, and to date no studies have specifically examined the use of olive oil-based treatments. AIM: To evaluate the cost of using extra virgin olive oil, rather than hyperoxygenated fatty acids, in the prevention of pressure ulcers among persons with impaired mobility and receiving home care...
September 18, 2017: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919021/developing-the-tissue-viability-seating-guidelines
#11
Melanie Stephens, Carol Bartley, Ria Betteridge, Ray Samuriwo
BACKGROUND: Costs for the prevention and management of pressure ulcers have increased significantly with limited published advice from health and social care organisations on seating and preventing pressure ulcers. At the request of the UK Tissue Viability Society the aim of the publication was to develop a practical guide for people, carers and health and social care professionals on how the research and evidence base on pressure ulcer prevention and management can be applied to those who remain seated for extended periods of time...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919020/understanding-the-association-between-pressure-ulcers-and-sitting-in-adults-what-does-it-mean-for-me-and-my-carers-seating-guidelines-for-people-carers-and-health-social-care-professionals
#12
M Stephens, C A Bartley
The aim of the publication was to develop a practical guide for people, carers and health and social care professionals on how the research and evidence base on pressure ulcer prevention and management can be applied to those who remain seated for extended periods of time. This publication was developed at the request of the Tissue Viability Society in order to revise the original seating guidelines from 2008 as evidence and subsequent care has moved forward in relation to this area. Since 2008, the costs for the prevention and management of pressure ulcers have increased significantly and there is limited published advice from health and social care organisations on seating and preventing pressure ulcers...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914189/a-hopeful-prospect-of-riociguat-as-a-soluble-guanylate-cyclase-stimulator-for-management-of-pressure-ulcers
#13
Soha Azadi, Hajar Ashrafi, Amir Azadi
Pressure ulcer remains as a common problem, especially developed in disabled patients and hence, subjected to continuous pressure for prolonged periods of time. Most of the studies investigating the preventive and therapeutic approaches have focused on wound cleansing, dressing and supportive strategies , as well as pharmacological therapy including zinc sulphate, vitamin A or phenytoin. Despite such efforts, pressure ulcer continues to impair the life quality and expectancy. Thus involving in the paradigm shift in biomedical studies, the recent ones focus on biological signaling pathways involving nitric oxide (NO)- soluble guanylatecyclase (sGC)- cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) contributing in vasodilation, reperfusion and oxygen delivery...
September 15, 2017: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911962/development-and-psychometric-validation-of-a-questionnaire-to-evaluate-nurses-adherence-to-recommendations-for-preventing-pressure-ulcers-qarppu
#14
Ana Belén Moya-Suárez, José Miguel Morales-Asencio, Marta Aranda-Gallardo, Margarita Enríquez de Luna-Rodríguez, José Carlos Canca-Sánchez
AIM OF THE STUDY: The main objective of this work is the development and psychometric validation of an instrument to evaluate nurses' adherence to the main recommendations issued for preventing pressure ulcers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An instrument was designed based on the main recommendations for the prevention of pressure ulcers published in various clinical practice guides. Subsequently, it was proceeded to evaluate the face and content validity of the instrument by an expert group...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892975/caudal-regression-syndrome-with-pressure-ulcers-of-the-foot-a-case-report
#15
Kosaku Yamamichi, Tsuyoshi Manabe, Tatsuya Uekihara
Caudal Regression Syndrome (CRS) is a rare disorder which consists of abnormalities in the lumbosacral spine, rectum, urinary system and lower limbs. These abnormalities also include orthopaedic deformities, such as hip dislocation, knee-flexion contracture with popliteal webbing and talipes equinovarus. Because of the rarity of this condition, few medical personnel are aware of it. Here, we present a case of CRS in a 15-year-old girl with pressure ulcers on the lateral malleolus and plantar surface of the foot, which had come into contact with the wheelchair footrest...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885765/reducing-hospital-acquired-pressure-ulcers-using-bundle-methodology-in-pediatric-and-neonatal-patients-receiving-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-therapy-an-integrative-review-and-call-to-action
#16
Suzanne E Courtwright, Kari A Mastro, Christa Preuster, Navid Dardashti, Sandra McGill, Myrlene Madelon, Donna Johnson
PURPOSE: This review focuses on identifying (1) evidence of the effectiveness of care bundle methodology to reduce hospital-acquired pressure ulcers (HAPUs) in pediatric and neonatal patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy and (2) barriers to implementing HAPU care bundles in this at-risk population. DESIGN AND METHODS: An integrative review was conducted and reported following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
September 8, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880757/prospective-observational-study-of-single-or-multi-compartment-pressure-ulcer-prevention-cushions-prescaroh-project
#17
S Meaume, M Marty, D Colin
OBJECTIVE: In patients with reduced mobility, specialised pressure-relieving supports (mattresses, beds and cushions) are widely used to reduce or relieve the interface pressure between the skin and support surfaces to prevent incidence of pressure ulcers (PUs). The primary objective of these two observational studies was to assess the incidence of PUs in patients at high risk of PUs, seated in a wheelchair using a single- or multi-compartment air cushion. The level of patient satisfaction with the comfort and the views of the care team that used the air cushions were considered as secondary objectives...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880756/how-greek-nurses-perceive-and-overcome-the-barriers-in-implementing-treatment-for-pressure-ulcers-against-the-odds
#18
E Kaba, M Kelesi, A Stavropoulou, D Moustakas, G Fasoi
OBJECTIVE: Although the occurrence of pressure ulcers (PUs) is now considered as an indicator of poor quality nursing care, questions and concerns remain regarding situations where PUs were unavoidable, irrespective of the care provided. The aim of this study was to explore Greek nurses' perceptions about the barriers involved and to identify the factors that influence care planning in PU treatment. METHOD: A grounded theory approach was used and semi-structured interviews were conducted with nurses who provided pressure care to clients in a rehabilitation centre in Greece...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877112/wocn-society-position-paper-avoidable-versus-unavoidable-pressure-ulcers-injuries
#19
Shawneen Schmitt, Marti K Andries, Patti M Ashmore, Glenda Brunette, Kathleen Judge, Phyllis A Bonham
The issue of whether pressure injuries are avoidable or preventable has been and continues to be an issue of great debate and discussion for many years, and it has significant legal and regulatory implications related to prevention of wounds due to pressure. The following position paper outlines the position of the Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society (WOCN) on avoidable versus unavoidable pressure injuries. It includes the following information: statement of position, purpose/rationale for the position, definitions of avoidable versus unavoidable pressure injuries, alternative definitions, historical overview, supportive statements from expert opinion and research in the literature, and recommendations for research...
September 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877109/the-efficacy-of-a-viscoelastic-foam-overlay-on-prevention-of-pressure-injury-in-acutely-ill-patients-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Kyung Hee Park, Joohee Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare a viscoelastic foam overlay (VEFO) to a standard hospital mattress for pressure injury (PI) prevention. We also compared interface pressures (IPs) of the VEFO to our facility's standard hospital mattress. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Data analysis was based on 110 participants (55 in each group) who were 19 years or older, had a Braden Scale for Pressure Sore Risk score of 16 or less, and were cared for on a neurology, oncology, or pulmonology inpatient care unit...
September 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
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