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injury car belt

Pejana Rastović, Marija Definis Gojanović, Ines Perić, Marko Pavlović, Josip Lesko, Gordan Galić, Marko Ostojić
Aim To investigate anthropometric characteristics and traffic accident circumstances of subjects with isolated whiplash injury. Methods This cross sectional study involved 75 subjects from traffic accidents with isolated whiplash injury classified by Quebec Task Force (QTF). Anthropometric data were collected as well as claims about circumstances of traffic accidents. Results Distribution of 1st (28; 37.3%), 2nd (25; 33.3%) and 3rd (22; 29.3%) grade of whiplash injury was almost equal. Females had smaller anthropometric measurements than males; neck circumference was the most significant difference between males and females in the context of whiplash injury...
February 1, 2018: Medicinski Glasnik
Fanyu Meng, Pengpeng Xu, S C Wong, Helai Huang, Y C Li
This study aimed to identify the factors affecting the crash-related severity level of injuries in taxis and quantify the associations between these factors and taxi occupant injury severity. Casualties resulting from taxi crashes from 2004 to 2013 in Hong Kong were divided into four categories: taxi drivers, taxi passengers, private car drivers and private car passengers. To avoid any biased interpretation caused by unobserved spatial and temporal effects, a Bayesian hierarchical logistic modeling approach with conditional autoregressive priors was applied, and four different model forms were tested...
November 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Sarit Shimony Kanat, Rosa Gofin
Belt-positioning booster seat use (BPB) is an effective technology to prevent severe child injury in cases of car crash. However, in many countries, age-appropriate car restraint use for children aged 4-7 years old remains the lowest among all age groups. The aim of this study was to identify the main determinants of BPB use through a comprehensive approach. An ecological model was used to analyze individual, parent-child relationships, and neighborhood characteristics. Parents of children enrolled in the first and second grades completed a self-reported questionnaire (n=745)...
November 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Lisanne Grünherz, Xenia Startseva, Marko Kozomara-Hocke, Borna K Barth, Hans-Peter Simmen, Ladislav Mica, Thomas Rauer
INTRODUCTION: While isolated traumatic urinary bladder injuries are rare, combined intra- and extraperitoneal traumatic urinary bladder ruptures without an underlying fracture are an absolute rarity. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of combined intra- and extraperitoneal urinary bladder rupture without an underlying fracture resulting from blunt abdominal trauma during a high velocity car accident. A midline laparotomy was performed, and the intra- and extraperitoneal bladder ruptures were surgically treated...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
John P Patalak, Joel D Stitzel
OBJECTIVE: Since 2000, numerous improvements have been made to the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing, Incorporated (NASCAR®) driver restraint system, resulting in improved crash protection for motorsports drivers. Advancements have included seats, head and neck restraints (HNRs), seat belt restraint systems, driver helmets, and others. These enhancements have increased protection for drivers from severe crash loading. Extending protection to the driver's extremities remains challenging...
July 11, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
Aurélie Martin, Emmanuel Lagarde, L Rachid Salmi
OBJECTIVE: Delayed implementation of effective road safety policies must be considered when quantifying the avoidable part of the fatal and non-fatal injuries burden. We sought to assess the avoidable part of Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) lost due to road-traffic injuries related to delays in implementing road safety laws in low- and lower middle-income countries. METHODS: We chose one country for each of the regions of the World Health Organization (WHO) and World Bank (WB) country income levels...
June 28, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
Narayan Yoganandan, John Humm, Frank Pintar, Heather Rhule, Kevin Moorhouse, Brian Suntay, Jim Stricklin, Rodney Rudd, Matthew Craig
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the responses of male and female WorldSID dummies with post mortem human subject (PMHS) responses in full-scale vehicle tests. METHODS: Tests were conducted according to the FMVSS-214 protocols and using the U.S. Side Impact New Car Assessment Program change in velocity to match PMHS experiments, published earlier. Moving deformable barrier (MDB) tests were conducted with the male and female surrogates in the left front and left rear seats...
May 29, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
Tapio Koisaari, Tiina Leivo, Ahmad Sahraravand, Anna-Kaisa Haavisto, Pekka Sulander, Timo M T Tervo
OBJECTIVE: We studied the correlation between airbag deployment and eye injuries using 2 different data sets. METHODS: The registry of the Finnish Road Accident (FRA) Investigation Teams was analyzed to study severe head- and eyewear-related injuries. All fatal passenger car or van accidents that occurred during the years 2009-2012 (4 years) were included (n = 734). Cases in which the driver's front airbag was deployed were subjected to analysis (n = 409). To determine the proportion of minor, potentially airbag-related eye injuries, the results were compared to the data for all new eye injury patients (n = 1,151) recorded at the Emergency Clinic of the Helsinki University Eye Hospital (HUEH) during one year, from May 1, 2011, to April 30, 2012...
July 4, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
B Čertík, V Třeška, J Bierhanzlová, J Matějka, J Zeman, T Matějka
Renal artery thrombosis is a rare complication of blunt abdominal injury. It occurs most frequently in car accidents in which sudden deceleration results in multiple internal injuries. Renal artery occlusion occurs rarely as an isolated blunt trauma. This report presents a case of traumatic occlusion of the left renal artery with complete ischaemia of the left kidney in a haemodynamically stable girl who suffered multiple seat-belt injuries in a car crash. Ambiguous findings on a CT scan of the abdominal cavity indicated surgical inspection of the abdomen and, since the injury-to-surgery interval was short, an attempt at revascularisation of the left kidney was made...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
Tony R Laituri, Scott Henry, Kevin Pline, Guosong Li, Michael Frankstein, Para Weerappuli
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) recently published a Request for Comments regarding a potential upgrade to the US New Car Assessment Program (US NCAP) - a star-rating program pertaining to vehicle crashworthiness. Therein, NHTSA (a) cited two metrics for assessing head risk: Head Injury Criterion (HIC15) and Brain Injury Criterion (BrIC), and (b) proposed to conduct risk assessment via its risk curves for those metrics, but did not prescribe a specific method for applying them. Recent studies, however, have indicated that the NHTSA risk curves for BrIC significantly overstate field-based head injury rates...
November 2016: Stapp Car Crash Journal
Bingbing Nie, Jason L Forman, Hamed Joodaki, Taotao Wu, Richard W Kent
OBJECTIVE: Occupants with extreme body size and shape, such as the small female or the obese, were reported to sustain high risk of injury in motor vehicle crashes (MVCs). Dimensional scaling approaches are widely used in injury biomechanics research based on the assumption of geometrical similarity. However, its application scope has not been quantified ever since. The objective of this study is to demonstrate the valid range of scaling approaches in predicting the impact response of the occupants with focus on the vulnerable populations...
September 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
S C Kim, K H Lee, H Y Choi, J Noble, K Lee, H J Jeon
PURPOSE: We sought to determine on-scene factors that predict severe injury to the occupants of passenger cars involved in frontal crashes. METHODS: From January 2011 to December 2014, we collected data from patients who were taken to two emergency centres following a frontal motor vehicle crash. Binomial logistic regression was used to model the effects of occupant characteristics (sex, age, body mass index), vehicle damage (according to the collision deformation classification code), and safety devices on severe injuries (injury severity score >15)...
July 28, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Vincenzo M Grassi, Flaminia Castagnola, Massimo Miscusi, Fabio De-Giorgio
Rollover car accidents can be the result of forceful steering or hitting an obstacle that acts like a ramp. Mortality from this type of car accident is particularly high, especially when occupants are thrown out of the vehicle. We report a case of a 67-year-old man who died after a rollover accident that occurred when he was driving a car equipped with a glass moonroof. He was found inside his car with his safety belt correctly fastened and the roof shattered. At autopsy, a wide avulsion injury of the head was observed, which was associated with an atlanto-axial dislocation and full-thickness fracture of the cervical body and posterior facet joints of the seventh cervical vertebra...
September 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
Winifred L Boal, Jia Li, Rosa L Rodriguez-Acosta
Roadway incidents involving motorized vehicles accounted for 24% of fatal occupational injuries in the United States during 2013 and were the leading cause of fatal injuries among workers.* In 2013, workers' compensation costs for serious, nonfatal injuries among work-related roadway incidents involving motorized land vehicles were estimated at $2.96 billion.(†) Seat belt use is a proven method to reduce injuries to motor vehicle occupants (1). Use of lap/shoulder seat belts reduces the risk for fatal injuries to front seat occupants of cars by 45% and the risk to light truck occupants by 60%...
June 17, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Francisco Soldado, Marcos F Ghizoni, Jayme Bertelli
The aim of this study was to describe the mechanisms involved in stretch injuries of the brachial plexus. One hundred and fifty consecutive patients with supraclavicular brachial plexus injuries (BPI) were asked about the mechanism of injury during the actual injury event, particularly about the type of trauma to their shoulder, shoulder girdle and head. Fifty-seven of the patients provided enough information about their accident to allow for analysis of the shoulder trauma. The injury mechanism for all patients having upper root or total palsy (n=46) was described as a direct vertical impact to the shoulder...
February 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Iu I Pigolkin, I A Dubrovin, E P Sedykh, A S Mosoian
The objective of the present work was to study peculiar features of the injuries to three spinal regions in the victims of a head-on car collision found in the passenger compartments of modern motor vehicles equipped with seat belts and other safety means. It was shown that most frequent fatal injuries to the driver include the fractures of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae. These injuries are much less frequent in the passengers occupying the front and the right back seats. The multilayer and multiple character of the fractures in different parts of the spinal column in the car drivers is attributable to more pronounced spine flexion and extension associated with injuries of this kind...
January 2016: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Silvânia Suely Caribé de Araújo Andrade, Nayara Gomes, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Otaliba Libânio de Morais Neto, Ademar Arthur Chioro dos Reis, Antônio Carlos Figueiredo Nardi
The article aims to describe the injuries in traffic according to demographic characteristics, use of protective equipment, use of health services, activity limitations and disabilities. The percentage involvement in traffic accidents with injuries, the percentage of use of protective equipment, use of health services, limitation of daily activities, disability and sequelae, according to educational level, race, color, sex, age and region of residence it estimated.The use of safety belt in the adult population was 79...
February 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Yu I Pigolkin, I A Dubrovin, E P Sedykh, A S Mosoyan
The objective of the present study was to elucidate the specific features of the lesions of the cervical spine in the driver and the front-seat passenger of a modern car after the frontal crash. We made use of the archival materials of forensic medical expertises concerning the traffic accidents carried out in the city of Moscow during the period from 2005 to 2012. The study was focused on the analysis of the character of the fractures of cervical vertebrae in the drivers (n = 55) and the front-seat passengers (n = 85) of a modern motor vehicle involved in a traffic accident...
November 2015: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
F Auriault, C Brandt, A Chopin, B Gadegbeku, A Ndiaye, M-P Balzing, L Thollon, M Behr
This study proposed to broadly examine vehicle use by pregnant women in order to improve realism of accident simulations involving these particular occupants. Three research pathways were developed: the first consisted in a questionnaire survey examining the driving habits of 135 pregnant women, the second obtained measurements of 15 pregnant women driving position in their own vehicle from the 6th to the 9th month of pregnancy by measuring distances between body parts and vehicle parts, and the third examined car accidents involving pregnant occupants...
April 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Stephen R Piontkowski, Jon S Peabody, Christine Reede, José Velascosoltero, Gordon Tsatoke, Timothy Shelhamer, Kenny R Hicks
Unintentional injury is a significant public health burden for American Indians and Alaska Natives and was the leading cause of death among those aged 1 to 44 years between 1999 and 2004. Of those deaths, motor vehicle-related deaths cause the most mortality, justifying the need for intervention at an American Indian Reservation in Arizona (United States). We describe motor vehicle injury prevention program operations from 2004 through 2013. This community-based approach led by a multidisciplinary team primarily comprised of environmental public health and law enforcement personnel implemented evidence-based strategies to reduce the impact of motor vehicle-related injuries and deaths, focusing on reducing impaired driving and increasing occupant restraint use...
December 2015: Global Health, Science and Practice
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