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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815571/functional-electrical-stimulation-of-the-ankle-dorsiflexors-during-walking-in-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Irene Moll, Johannes S H Vles, Dan L H M Soudant, Adhiambo M A Witlox, Heleen M Staal, Lucianne A W M Speth, Yvonne J M Janssen-Potten, Marcel Coenen, Suzanne M Koudijs, R Jeroen Vermeulen
AIM: To assess the effect of functional electrical stimulation (FES) of ankle dorsiflexors in children and adolescents with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) during walking. METHOD: A systematic review was performed using the American Academy of Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine methodology and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Six databases were searched for studies applying interventions to patients aged younger than 20 years...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805090/examining-young-children-s-social-competence-using-functional-ability-profiles
#2
Tara W McLaughlin, Patricia A Snyder, James Algina
PURPOSE: To explore the use of International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health for Children and Youth (ICF-CY) based profiles of children's functional abilities in relation to their social competence. Subgroups based on shared profiles of functional ability were investigated as an alternative or complement to subgroups defined by disability categories. METHODS: Secondary analysis of a nationally representative data set of young children identified for special education services in the United States was used for the present study...
August 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796006/novel-insights-of-disability-assessment-in-adult-myositis
#3
Hector Fabricio Espinosa-Ortega, Mariana Moreno-Ramirez, Helene Alexanderson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the novel development of standardized clinical outcome measures used in adult patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs). A further aim was to determine what aspects of IIM are covered by these outcome measures according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). RECENT FINDINGS: The sporadic inclusion body myositis functional assessment (sIFA) is the first diagnosis-specific patient-driven patient-reported outcome measure...
August 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794548/informed-consent-process-foundation-of-the-researcher-participant-bond
#4
Amrita Sil, Nilay Kanti Das
Consenting to participate in a clinical research study after being properly and correctly informed upholds the basic ethical principle of "autonomy" in human research. The informed consent is a process by which the physician sensitizes the patient about the nature, procedures, risks benefits, treatment schedules, etc of the study in a language that is non-technical and understandable by the study participant. Informed consent document (ICD) has got two parts: the 'Subject Information Sheet' and the 'Informed Consent Form' (ICF); and they have to be approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee (IEC) before administration...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793864/in-vitro-examination-of-the-positive-inotropic-effect-of-caffeine-and-taurine-the-two-most-frequent-active-ingredients-of-energy-drinks
#5
R Chaban, A Kornberger, N Branski, K Buschmann, N Stumpf, A Beiras-Fernandez, C F Vahl
BACKGROUND: Our study aimed to evaluate changes in the contractile behavior of human myocardium after exposure to caffeine and taurine, the main active ingredients of energy drinks (EDs), and to evaluate whether taurine exhibits any inotropic effect at all in the dosages commonly used in EDs. METHODS: Myocardial tissue was removed from the right atrial appendages of patients undergoing cardiac surgery and prepared to obtain specimens measuring 4 mm in length. A total of 92 specimens were exposed to electrical impulses at a frequency of 75 bpm for at least 40 min to elicit their maximum contractile force before measuring the isometric contractile force (ICF) and duration of contraction (CD)...
August 10, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764721/what-is-the-gap-in-activity-and-participation-between-people-with-disability-and-the-general-population-in-taiwan
#6
Tzu-Ying Chiu, Chia-Feng Yen, Reuben Escorpizo, Wen-Chou Chi, Tsan-Hon Liou, Hua-Fang Liao, Cheng-Hsiu Chou, Wen-Hui Fang
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) was developed, based on the concept of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). The ICF provides a common language and framework for health and health-related status and attempts to integrate the biopsychosocial model as a multidimensional perspective in understanding functioning. Activities and participation (AP) is one salient component of the ICF refers to the execution of a task by an individual, and how such tasks are involved in their daily life...
August 1, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758773/disability-pride-protects-self-esteem-through-the-rejection-identification-model
#7
Kathleen R Bogart, Emily M Lund, Adena Rottenstein
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The rejection-identification model (RIM) argues that the negative impacts of stigma, such as decreased self-esteem, may be mitigated when members of the stigmatized group choose to identify with each other rather than with the majority culture. A previously unstudied potential RIM stigma-reduction mechanism is disability pride, which views disability as a source of valuable, enriching, and positive experience. Impairment, personal, and environmental factors based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) predict whether people will categorize themselves as disabled, but predictors of pride have received little examination...
July 31, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756686/beyond-diagnosis-the-core-sets-for-persons-with-schizophrenia-based-on-the-world-health-organization-s-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#8
Juana Gómez-Benito, Georgina Guilera, Maite Barrios, Emilio Rojo, Oscar Pino, Arantxa Gorostiaga, Nekane Balluerka, María Dolores Hidalgo, José Luis Padilla, Isabel Benítez, Melissa Selb
PURPOSE: Based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), this paper presents the results of the process to develop the Comprehensive and Brief Core Sets for schizophrenia that allow to comprehensively describe functioning in persons with schizophrenia. METHODS: Twenty health professionals from diverse backgrounds participated in a formal and iterative decision-making process during an international consensus conference to develop these Core Sets...
July 30, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755567/microcephaly-and-zika-virus-neuroradiological-aspects-clinical-findings-and-a-proposed-framework-for-early-evaluation-of-child-development
#9
Nelci Adriana Cicuto Ferreira Rocha, Ana Carolina de Campos, Fellipe Cicuto Ferreira Rocha, Fernanda Pereira Dos Santos Silva
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: As the recent outbreak of microcephaly cases caused by Zika virus has been declared a global health emergency, providing assessment guidelines for multidisciplinary teams providing early developmental screening and stimulation to infants with microcephaly is much needed. Thus, the aim of this manuscript is to provide an overview on what is known about neuroradiological aspects and clinical findings in infants with microcephaly caused by Zika virus and to propose a framework for early evaluation of child development...
July 26, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748554/estimation-of-inbreeding-depression-on-female-fertility-in-the-finnish-ayrshire-population
#10
K Martikainen, A M Tyrisevä, K Matilainen, J Pösö, P Uimari
Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data enable the estimation of inbreeding at the genome level. In this study, we estimated inbreeding levels for 19,075 Finnish Ayrshire cows genotyped with a low-density SNP panel (8K). The genotypes were imputed to 50K density, and after quality control, 39,144 SNPs remained for the analysis. Inbreeding coefficients were estimated for each animal based on the percentage of homozygous SNPs (FPH ), runs of homozygosity (FROH ) and pedigree (FPED ). Phenotypic records were available for 13,712 animals including non-return rate (NRR), number of inseminations (AIS) and interval from first to last insemination (IFL) for heifers and up to three parities for cows, as well as interval from calving to first insemination (ICF) for cows...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Zeitschrift Für Tierzüchtung und Züchtungsbiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747446/transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-distinguishes-alzheimer-disease-from-frontotemporal-dementia
#11
Alberto Benussi, Francesco Di Lorenzo, Valentina Dell'Era, Maura Cosseddu, Antonella Alberici, Salvatore Caratozzolo, Maria Sofia Cotelli, Anna Micheli, Luca Rozzini, Alessandro Depari, Alessandra Flammini, Viviana Ponzo, Alessandro Martorana, Carlo Caltagirone, Alessandro Padovani, Giacomo Koch, Barbara Borroni
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) multiparadigm approach can be used to distinguish Alzheimer disease (AD) from frontotemporal dementia (FTD). METHODS: Paired-pulse TMS was used to investigate short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) and facilitation (ICF), long-interval intracortical inhibition, and short-latency afferent inhibition (SAI) to measure the activity of different intracortical circuits in patients with AD, patients with FTD, and healthy controls (HC)...
July 26, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747138/perspectives-on-rehabilitation-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-exploring-a-cross-cultural-view-of-parents-from-india-and-canada-using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#12
Pranay Jindal, Joy C MacDermid, Peter Rosenbaum, Briano DiRezze, Amitesh Narayan
PURPOSE: To explore parents' perspectives on rehabilitation of their child with cerebral palsy and their information needs. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with parents of children with CP from India (n = 11) and Canada (n = 7). Data were analyzed through an interpretive description approach using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health framework. RESULTS: Body Structure and Function: Indian parents were more focused on fixing body structure and function challenges, and independent walking, than Canadian parents...
July 26, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735767/measuring-participation-in-chronic-back-pain-patients-the-5-item-pain-disability-index
#13
Ashley B McKillop, Linda J Carroll, Bruce D Dick, Michele C Battié
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Of the three broad outcome domains of body functions and structures, activities, and participation (e.g., engaging in valued social roles) outlined in the World Health Organization's (WHO) International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), it has been argued that participation is the most important to individuals, particularly those with chronic health problems. Yet, participation is not commonly measured in back pain research. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the construct validity of a modified 5-Item Pain Disability Index (PDI) score as a measure of participation in people with chronic back pain...
July 20, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730890/the-biopsychosocial-model-of-illness-a-model-whose-time-has-come
#14
Derick T Wade, Peter W Halligan
The biopsychosocial model outlined in Engel's classic Science paper four decades ago emerged from dissatisfaction with the biomedical model of illness, which remains the dominant healthcare model. Engel's call to arms for a biopsychosocial model has been taken up in several healthcare fields, but it has not been accepted in the more economically dominant and politically powerful acute medical and surgical domains. It is widely used in research into complex healthcare interventions, it is the basis of the World Health Organisation's International Classification of Functioning (WHO ICF), it is used clinically, and it is used to structure clinical guidelines...
August 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730889/purposefulness-as-a-critical-factor-in-functioning-disability-and-health
#15
Joshua Y Lee, Emily A Ready, Eric N Davis, Philip C Doyle
Guided by theoretical frameworks of health and illness such as the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF), we seek to describe the importance of purposefulness in the context of rehabilitation. We argue that ascribing meaning to life events, particularly changes in health, and acting in a manner that is driven by purpose is a universal characteristic of human beings. The ability to contextualize purposefulness within the broader biopsychosocial model of illness may provide a greater understanding of the relationship of purpose in the process of rehabilitation...
August 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723768/detection-of-incidental-cardiac-findings-in-noncardiac-chest-computed-tomography
#16
Francesco Secchi, Giovanni Di Leo, Moreno Zanardo, Marco Alì, Paola Maria Cannaò, Francesco Sardanelli
The aim of the study was to estimate the rate of incidental cardiac findings (ICF) in patients undergoing noncardiac chest CT.An experienced radiologist retrospectively reviewed 237 consecutive patients (147 males and 90 females with median age of 69 years) undergoing a noncardiac chest CT. ICF at targeted review were compared to those mentioned in original reports (χ test).At review, ≥1 ICF was detected in 124/237 patients (52%), for a total of 229 ICF, 158 of them (69%) not originally mentioned. Valvular calcifications were unmentioned in 23/23 (100%) patients, main pulmonary artery dilation in 21/22 (96%), coronary calcifications in 69/86 (80%), right or left atrial dilation in 7/11 (64%), aortic atherosclerosis in 29/62 (47%), and ascending aorta dilatation in 8/18 (44%)...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721501/examining-transgender-health-through-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-s-icf-contextual-factors
#17
REVIEW
Melissa Jacob, Steven R Cox
PURPOSE: For many transgender individuals, medical intervention is necessary to live as their desired gender. However, little is known about Contextual Factors (i.e., Environmental and Personal) that may act as facilitators and barriers in the health of transgender individuals. Therefore, this paper sought to examine Contextual Factors of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health that may facilitate or negatively impact the physical, psychological, and social functioning of transgender individuals...
July 18, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720075/physical-activity-body-functions-and-disability-among-middle-aged-and-older-spanish-adults
#18
Alexandre Caron, Alba Ayala, Javier Damián, Carmen Rodriguez-Blazquez, Javier Almazán, Juan Manuel Castellote, Madgalena Comin, Maria João Forjaz, Jesús de Pedro
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is a health determinant among middle-aged and older adults. In contrast, poor health is expected to have a negative impact on PA. This study sought to assess to what extent specific International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) health components were associated with PA among older adults. METHODS: We used a sample of 864 persons aged ≥50 years, positively screened for disability or cognition in a cross-sectional community survey in Spain...
July 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716536/looking-at-hospitalized-persons-throughout-the-prism-of-the-handicap
#19
M Giral, B Boussat, F Lombard, S Stempfle, P François, D Pérennou
OBJECTIVE: To describe the disability status of non-selected hospitalized persons. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey to assess activity limitations of every person older than 18 years hospitalized in a regional university hospital covering all medical fields. Evaluators rated, on a scale from 0 to 4, 22 selected items of the International Classification of Functioning (ICF), covering the 6 following domains: learning and applying knowledge, general tasks and demands, communication, mobility, self-care, and interpersonal interactions and relationships...
July 14, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715915/the-uses-of-outcome-measures-within-multidisciplinary-early-childhood-intervention-services-a-systematic-review
#20
Samuel Calder, Roslyn Ward, Megan Jones, Jenelle Johnston, Mary Claessen
Purpose of the article: To review the use of outcome measures, across the domains of activity, participation, and environment, within multidisciplinary early childhood intervention services. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was undertaken that included four electronic databases: Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library and Cochrane Database of Systematic Review. Inclusion criteria were age 0-24 months, having or at risk of a developmental disability, in receipt of multidisciplinary early childhood intervention services, and included outcome measures across all domains of the International Classification of Functioning-Child & Youth (ICF-CY)...
July 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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