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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915355/perspectives-on-teaching-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-model-to-physical-therapy-students
#1
Cheryl Peters-Brinkerhoff
BACKGROUND: During a reaccreditation visit, deficiencies were discovered in the clinical education curriculum regarding patient-centered care in a Doctorate of Physical Therapy program. To understand the problem and address those deficiencies, the clinical internship experience was examined using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) model as a conceptual framework for clinical reasoning. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative case study aimed to study (1) perceptions of physical therapy (PT) students regarding their knowledge and learning experiences during clinical affiliations and what knowledge they acquired of the ICF as applied to patient-centered care during their internship, and (2) the perceptions of clinical instructors (CIs) of their knowledge of the ICF model, its integration into their practice, barriers to its use, and the learning experiences the CIs provided to students regarding the ICF model...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910667/x-ray-self-emission-imaging-used-to-diagnose-3-d-nonuniformities-in-direct-drive-icf-implosions
#2
A K Davis, D T Michel, R S Craxton, R Epstein, M Hohenberger, T Mo, D H Froula
As hydrodynamics codes develop to increase understanding of three-dimensional (3-D) effects in inertial confinement fusion implosions, diagnostics must adapt to evaluate their predictive accuracy. A 3-D radiation postprocessor was developed to investigate the use of soft x-ray self-emission images of an imploding target to measure the size of nonuniformities on the target surface. Synthetic self-emission images calculated from 3-D simulations showed a narrow ring of emission outside the ablation surface of the target...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910656/the-design-of-the-optical-thomson-scattering-diagnostic-for-the-national-ignition-facility
#3
P S Datte, J S Ross, D H Froula, K D Daub, J Galbraith, S Glenzer, B Hatch, J Katz, J Kilkenny, O Landen, D Manha, A M Manuel, W Molander, D Montgomery, J Moody, G F Swadling, J Weaver
The National Ignition Facility (NIF) is a 192 laser beam facility designed to support the Stockpile Stewardship, High Energy Density and Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) programs. We report on the design of an Optical Thomson Scattering (OTS) diagnostic that has the potential to transform the community's understanding of NIF hohlraum physics by providing first principle, local, time-resolved measurements of under-dense plasma conditions. The system design allows operation with different probe laser wavelengths by manual selection of the appropriate beam splitter and gratings before the shot...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910586/a-novel-method-to-recover-dd-fusion-proton-cr-39-data-corrupted-by-fast-ablator-ions-at-omega-and-the-national-ignition-facility
#4
G D Sutcliffe, L M Milanese, D Orozco, B Lahmann, M Gatu Johnson, F H Séguin, H Sio, J A Frenje, C K Li, R D Petrasso, H-S Park, J R Rygg, D T Casey, R Bionta, D P Turnbull, C M Huntington, J S Ross, A B Zylstra, M J Rosenberg, V Yu Glebov
CR-39 detectors are used routinely in inertial confinement fusion (ICF) experiments as a part of nuclear diagnostics. CR-39 is filtered to stop fast ablator ions which have been accelerated from an ICF implosion due to electric fields caused by laser-plasma interactions. In some experiments, the filtering is insufficient to block these ions and the fusion-product signal tracks are lost in the large background of accelerated ion tracks. A technique for recovering signal in these scenarios has been developed, tested, and implemented successfully...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910471/the-national-ignition-facility-modular-kirkpatrick-baez-microscope
#5
L A Pickworth, J Ayers, P Bell, N F Brejnholt, J G Buscho, D Bradley, T Decker, S Hau-Riege, J Kilkenny, T McCarville, T Pardini, J Vogel, C Walton
Current two-dimensional X-ray imaging at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) uses time resolved pinhole cameras with ∼10-25 μm pinholes. This method has limitations in the smallest resolvable features that can be imaged with reasonable photon statistics for inertial confinement fusion (ICF) applications. ICF sources have a broadband self-emission spectrum that causes the pinhole images obtained, through thin foil filters, to contain a similarly broadband spectrum complicating the interpretation of structure in the source...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910437/design-calculations-for-a-xenon-plasma-x-ray-shield-to-protect-the-nif-optical-thomson-scattering-diagnostic
#6
G F Swadling, J S Ross, P Datte, J Moody, L Divol, O Jones, O Landen
An Optical Thomson Scattering (OTS) diagnostic is currently being developed for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. This diagnostic is designed to make measurements of the hohlraum plasma parameters, such as the electron temperature and the density, during inertial confinement fusion (ICF) experiments. NIF ICF experiments present a very challenging environment for optical measurements; by their very nature, hohlraums produce intense soft x-ray emission, which can cause "blanking" (radiation induced opacity) of the radiation facing optical components...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910373/development-of-a-spectroscopic-technique-for-simultaneous-magnetic-field-electron-density-and-temperature-measurements-in-icf-relevant-plasmas
#7
E C Dutra, J A Koch, R Presura, W A Angermeier, T Darling, S Haque, R C Mancini, A M Covington
Spectroscopic techniques in the visible range are often used in plasma experiments to measure B-field induced Zeeman splitting, electron densities via Stark broadening, and temperatures from Doppler broadening. However, when electron densities and temperatures are sufficiently high, the broadening of the Stark and Doppler components can dominate the emission spectra and obscure the Zeeman component. In this research, we are developing a time-resolved multi-axial technique for measuring the Zeeman, Stark, and Doppler broadened line emission of dense magnetized plasmas for Z-pinch and Dense Plasma Focus (DPF) accelerators...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910341/development-of-a-krypton-doped-gas-symmetry-capsule-platform-for-x-ray-spectroscopy-of-implosion-cores-on-the-nif
#8
T Ma, H Chen, P K Patel, M B Schneider, M A Barrios, D T Casey, H-K Chung, B A Hammel, L F Berzak Hopkins, L C Jarrott, S F Khan, B Lahmann, R Nora, M J Rosenberg, A Pak, S P Regan, H A Scott, H Sio, B K Spears, C R Weber
The electron temperature at stagnation of an ICF implosion can be measured from the emission spectrum of high-energy x-rays that pass through the cold material surrounding the hot stagnating core. Here we describe a platform developed on the National Ignition Facility where trace levels of a mid-Z dopant (krypton) are added to the fuel gas of a symcap (symmetry surrogate) implosion to allow for the use of x-ray spectroscopy of the krypton line emission.
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910306/a-high-speed-two-frame-1-2-ns-gated-x-ray-cmos-imager-used-as-a-hohlraum-diagnostic-on-the-national-ignition-facility-invited
#9
Hui Chen, N Palmer, M Dayton, A Carpenter, M B Schneider, P M Bell, D K Bradley, L D Claus, L Fang, T Hilsabeck, M Hohenberger, O S Jones, J D Kilkenny, M W Kimmel, G Robertson, G Rochau, M O Sanchez, J W Stahoviak, D C Trotter, J L Porter
A novel x-ray imager, which takes time-resolved gated images along a single line-of-sight, has been successfully implemented at the National Ignition Facility (NIF). This Gated Laser Entrance Hole diagnostic, G-LEH, incorporates a high-speed multi-frame CMOS x-ray imager developed by Sandia National Laboratories to upgrade the existing Static X-ray Imager diagnostic at NIF. The new diagnostic is capable of capturing two laser-entrance-hole images per shot on its 1024 × 448 pixels photo-detector array, with integration times as short as 1...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891498/the-participation-patterns-of-youth-with-down-syndrome
#10
Megan MacDonald, Jennifer Leichtman, Phil Esposito, Nicole Cook, Dale Allen Ulrich
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper was to investigate the participation patterns of children with Down syndrome (DS) using the construct of participation as defined by the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF). METHODS: Sixty-two children with DS were recruited between the ages of 9 and 17 years. All participants were given an interview-administered version of the Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE) to measure participation (1)...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885162/contralesional-corticomotor-neurophysiology-in-hemiparetic-children-with-perinatal-stroke-developmental-plasticity-and-clinical-function
#11
Ephrem Zewdie, Omar Damji, Patrick Ciechanski, Trevor Seeger, Adam Kirton
Background Perinatal stroke causes most hemiparetic cerebral palsy. Ipsilateral connections from nonlesioned hemisphere to affected hand are common. The nonlesioned primary motor cortex (M1) determines function and is a potential therapeutic target but its neurophysiology is poorly understood. Objective We aimed to characterize the neurophysiological properties of the nonlesioned M1 in children with perinatal stroke and their relationship to clinical function. Methods Fifty-two participants with hemiparetic cerebral palsy and magnetic resonance imaging-confirmed perinatal stroke and 40 controls aged 8 to 18 years completed the same transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) protocol...
November 23, 2016: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882911/methodological-notes-on-applying-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-icf-in-rehabilitation
#12
Gerold Stucki, Jerome Bickenbach, Stefano Negrini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882909/european-initiative-for-the-application-of-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-development-of-clinical-assessment-schedules-for-specified-rehabilitation-services
#13
Birgit Prodinger, Anke Scheel-Sailer, Reuben Escorpizo, Gerold Stucki
BACKGROUND: Clinical assessment schedule (CLAS) is a core part of the ICF-based implementation of functioning reporting across health conditions and along the continuum of care. AIM: The Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Section and Board of the European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS PRM) workshop held in January 2016 aimed to develop and specify a CLAS within the context of rehabilitation services. SETTING: UEMS PRM Workshop in Nottwil, Switzerland, January 2016...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882908/european-initiative-for-the-application-of-the-international-classification-of-service-organization-in-health-related-rehabilitation-icso-r
#14
Carlotte Kiekens, Thorsten Meyer, Francesca Gimigliano, Cristiana Baffone, Christoph M Gutenbrunner
BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) should be used as the framework for the development of a clinical assessment schedule for clinical quality management of health-related rehabilitation services. For the description of rehabilitation services a working group of the ISPRM-WHO-Liaison Committee proposed an instrument called "International Classification System for Service Organization in Health-related Rehabilitation" or ICSO-R. AIM: To test the applicability and feasibility of ICSO-R to describe rehabilitation services and to propose further improvements...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882907/practice-science-and-governance-in-interaction-european-effort-for-the-system-wide-implementation-of-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-icf-in-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine
#15
Gerold Stucki, Mauro Zampolini, Alvydas Juocevicius, Stefano Negrini, Nicolas Christodoulou
Since its launch in 2001, relevant international, regional and national PRM bodies have aimed to implement the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM), whereby contributing to the development of suitable practical tools. These tools are available for implementing the ICF in day-to-day clinical practice, standardized reporting of functioning outcomes in quality management and research, and guiding evidence-informed policy. Educational efforts have reinforced PRM physicians' and other rehabilitation professionals' ICF knowledge, and numerous implementation projects have explored how the ICF is applied in clinical practice, research and policy...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876030/long-term-outcomes-following-lower-extremity-press-fit-bone-anchored-prosthesis-surgery-a-5-year-longitudinal-study-protocol
#16
Ruud A Leijendekkers, J Bart Staal, Gerben van Hinte, Jan Paul Frölke, Hendrik van de Meent, Femke Atsma, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Thomas J Hoogeboom
BACKGROUND: Patients with lower extremity amputation frequently suffer from socket-related problems. This seriously limits prosthesis use, level of activity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). An additional problem in patients with lower extremity amputation are asymmetries in gait kinematics possibly accounting for back pain. Bone-anchored prostheses (BAPs) are a possible solution for socket-related problems. Knowledge concerning the level of function, activity and HRQoL after surgery is limited...
November 22, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871192/specialised-dental-care-for-children-with-complex-disabilities-focusing-on-child-s-functioning-and-need-for-general-anaesthesia
#17
Johanna Norderyd, Gunilla Klingberg, Denise Faulks, Mats Granlund
PURPOSE: To describe and analyse dental care and treatment modalities for children with complex disabilities from a biopsychosocial perspective, with special focus on dental treatment under general anaesthesia (GA) and its relationship to child's functioning. METHOD: An ICF-CY Checklist for Oral Health was completed using structured interview, direct observations, and dental records for patients attending a specialist paediatric dentistry clinic. Descriptive and comparative data analysis was performed...
November 22, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867023/the-role-of-white-matter-microstructure-in-inhibitory-deficits-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#18
Xiaoming Du, Peter Kochunov, Ann Summerfelt, Joshua Chiappelli, Fow-Sen Choa, L Elliot Hong
BACKGROUND: Inhibitory-excitatory (I-E) imbalance has increasingly been proposed as a fundamental mechanism giving rise to many schizophrenia-related pathophysiology. The integrity of I-E functions should require precise and rapid electrical signal transmission. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that part of the I-E abnormality in schizophrenia may originate from their known abnormal white matter connectivity that may interfere the I-E functions. METHODS: We test this using short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) vs...
November 12, 2016: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864012/toolbox-of-multiple-item-measures-aligning-with-the-icf-core-sets-for-children-and-youth-with-cerebral-palsy
#19
REVIEW
Verónica Schiariti, Sandy Tatla, Karen Sauve, Maureen O'Donnell
Selecting appropriate measure(s) for clinical and/or research applications for children and youth with Cerebral Palsy (CP) poses many challenges. The newly developed International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Core Sets for children and youth with CP serve as universal guidelines for assessment, intervention and follow-up. The aims of this study were: 1) to identify valid and reliable measures used in studies with children and youth with CP, 2) to characterize the content of each measure using the ICF Core Sets for children and youth with CP as a framework, and finally 3) to create a toolbox of psychometrically sound measures covering the content of each ICF Core Set for children and youth with CP...
November 4, 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858402/toward-an-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-clinical-data-collection-tool-the-italian-experience-of-developing-simple-intuitive-descriptions-of-the-rehabilitation-set-categories
#20
Melissa Selb, Francesca Gimigliano, Birgit Prodinger, Gerold Stucki, Germano Pestelli, Maurizio Iocco, Paolo Boldrini
BACKGROUND: As part of international efforts to develop and implement national models including the specification of ICF-based clinical data collection tools, the Italian rehabilitation community initiated a project to develop simple, intuitive descriptions of the ICF Rehabilitation Set, highlighting the core concept of each category in user-friendly language. AIM: This paper outlines the Italian experience in developing simple, intuitive descriptions of the ICF Rehabilitation Set as an ICF-based clinical data collection tool for Italy...
November 18, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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