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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779143/health-related-quality-of-life-in-coronary-heart-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-mapped-against-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#1
REVIEW
Jana Le, Diana S Dorstyn, Elias Mpfou, Elise Prior, Phillip J Tully
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important outcome in coronary heart disease (CHD). However, variability in HRQoL indicators suggests a need to consider domain coverage. This review applies a globally accepted framework, the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), to map HRQoL measures that are reliable and valid among people with CHD. METHODS: The Embase, Pubmed and PsycInfo databases were searched, with 10 observational studies comparing HRQOL among 4786 adults with CHD to 50949 controls identified...
May 19, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777351/development-of-a-patient-reported-outcome-measure-of-recovery-after-abdominal-surgery-a-hypothesized-conceptual-framework
#2
Roshni Alam, Sabrina M Figueiredo, Saba Balvardi, Bénédicte Nauche, Tara Landry, Lawrence Lee, Nancy E Mayo, Liane S Feldman, Julio F Fiore
BACKGROUND: We initiated a research program to develop a novel patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) to assess postoperative recovery from the perspective of abdominal surgery patients. In light of FDA recommendations, the first stage of our program aimed to, based on previous literature and expert input, develop a hypothesized conceptual framework portraying the health domains that are potentially relevant to the process of recovery after abdominal surgery. METHODS: This study was conducted in three phases: (1) systematic review to identify PROMs with measurement properties appraised in the context of recovery after abdominal surgery, (2) content analysis to categorize the health domains covered by the PROMs according to the ICF, and (3) two-round Delphi study to gain expert input regarding which of these health domains are relevant to the process of recovery...
May 17, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775977/-rehabilitation-after-traumatic-fracture-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-spine
#3
Hartmut Bork, Stefan Simmel, Eckhardt Böhle, Ulrich Ernst, Klaus Fischer, Bernd Fromm, Jean-Jacques Glaesener, Bernhard Greitemann, P Krause, S Panning, V Pullwitt, J Schmidt, Andreas Veihelmann, Lutz Vogt
On the basis of the S2-k guideline "Rehabilitation after traumatic fractures of the thoracic und lumbar spine without neurologic disorder", this article gives an overview of target-oriented rehabilitation of patients with minor fractures or those with column stability and unstable spinal fractures which are stabilised by surgery. To obtain early social and job related reintegration, outpatient or inpatient rehabilitation has to start immediately after treatment in hospital. Rehabilitation must be orientated towards the biopsychosocial model of ICF and has to be adapted for the patient...
May 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769808/decision-making-around-gastrostomy-tube-feeding-in-children-with-neurologic-impairment-engaging-effectively-with-families
#4
Sanjay Mahant, Eyal Cohen, Katherine E Nelson, Peter Rosenbaum
Children with neurologic impairment may not be able to feed safely or sufficiently by mouth to maintain an adequate nutritional state. Gastrostomy tube (G-tube) feeding is an important, often essential, intervention in such situations. However, many parents and families struggle with the decision to proceed with G-tube feeding. This practice point reviews common reasons for decisional conflict in parents and explores key aspects of life with G-tube feeding. A framework for shared decision-making and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) approach are highlighted...
May 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768332/short-term-effects-of-customized-arch-support-insoles-on-symptomatic-flexible-flatfoot-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Ru-Lan Hsieh, Hui-Ling Peng, Wen-Chung Lee
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence is available regarding the effects of insoles on pediatric flexible flatfoot because of the heterogeneity and low methodological quality of previous studies. The purpose of this prospective trial is to examine the short-term effects of customized arch support insoles on symptomatic flexible flatfoot in children by using the International Classification of Functioning, randomized controlled Disability, and Health (ICF) framework. METHODS: This study was conducted in a rehabilitation outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765565/the-rediscovery-of-the-social-side-of-medicine-philosophy-and-value-of-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-icf
#6
EDITORIAL
Wolfgang Seger
Medicine is at risk of sliding into a sole repair service for the malfunction of organs. But the patients' hope and confidence towards doctors practicing this repair work go far beyond that: after acute medical treatment many patients suffer from chronic impairments due to the natural course of the disease or as a result of medical interventions. Despite resulting handicaps, patients aim at participating in family and social life, retaining a workplace and receiving support to remain a valued member of the family and the community...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763510/trihexyphenidyl-for-dystonia-in-cerebral-palsy
#7
REVIEW
Adrienne R Harvey, Louise B Baker, Dinah Susan Reddihough, Adam Scheinberg, Katrina Williams
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy occurs in up to 2.1 of every 1000 live births and encompasses a range of motor problems and movement disorders. One commonly occurring movement disorder amongst those with cerebral palsy is dystonia: sustained or intermittent involuntary muscle spasms and contractions that cause twisting, repetitive movements and abnormal postures. The involuntary contractions are often very painful and distressing and cause significant limitations to activity and participation...
May 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759039/common-femoral-artery-endarterectomy-in-the-age-of-endovascular-therapy
#8
Mohamed Elsherif, Wael Tawfick, Mohamed Elsharkawi, Ruth Campell, Niamh Hynes, Sherif Sultan
Objectives Common femoral artery endarterectomy (CFE) is the standard treatment for common femoral artery occlusive disease. We aim to assess the medium term outcomes of CFE with or without further concomitant procedures. Design A retrospective observational study. Methods All patients who underwent either isolated CFE (ICFE), CFE with angioplasty for occlusive arterial disease (CFEA) or concomitant CFE with endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (CFEE) were included. Patient demographics follow up, clinical improvement, types of CFE closure, patency rates, and survival-free amputation were noted...
January 1, 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756481/biofeedback-interventions-for-individuals-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#9
Alexander MacIntosh, Emily Lam, Vincent Vigneron, Nicolas Vignais, Elaine Biddiss
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the quality of evidence of biofeedback interventions aimed at improving motor activities in people with Cerebral Palsy (CP). Second, to describe the relationship between intervention outcomes and biofeedback characteristics. METHODS: Eight databases were searched for rehabilitation interventions that provided external feedback and addressed motor activities. Two reviewers independently assessed and extracted data...
May 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746792/the-modulation-of-corticospinal-excitability-and-inhibition-following-acute-resistance-exercise-in-males-and-females
#10
Christopher Latella, Ashlee Hendy, Dan Vanderwesthuizen, Wei-Peng Teo
OBJECTIVE: The acute responses to resistance training (RT) between males and females are poorly understood, especially from a neural perspective. Therefore, we aimed to compare the corticospinal and intracortical responses during fatigue and recovery following RT. METHODS: Twenty-two participants (12M, 10F) completed one-session of RT (3 × 12 repetition maximum) unilateral leg extensions with 60 s recovery. Single- and paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation measured changes in the motor-evoked potential (MEP), corticospinal silent period (CSP), CSP/MEP ratio, and intracortical facilitation/inhibition (ICF, SICI)...
May 10, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745625/assessment-of-neurogenic-bowel-dysfunction-impact-after-spinal-cord-injury-using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#11
Jennifer M Pires, Ana M Ferreira, Filipa Rocha, Luis G Andrade, Inês Campos, Paulo Margalho, Jorge Laíns
BACKGROUND: Bowel function is frequently compromised after spinal cord injury (SCI). Regardless of this crucial importance in patients' lives, there is still scarce literature on the Neurogenic Bowel Dysfunction (NBD) deleterious impact on SCI patient's lives and only few studies correlating NBD severity with quality of life (QoL). To our knowledge there are no studies assessing the impact of NBD on the context of ICF domains. AIM: To assess NBD after SCI using ICF domains and to assess its impact in QoL...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742760/functioning-in-women-with-cervical-cancer-in-brazil-the-perspective-of-experts
#12
Luciana Castaneda, Anke Bergmann, Shamyr Castro, Rosalina Koifman
OBJECTIVE:  The objective of this study was to identify the perspective of the specialists about functioning in women with cervical cancer (CC). METHODS:  A study was conducted with specialists using the Delphi methodology. The specialist contacts were found in oncology organizations and associations, as well as in a referral hospital in the treatment of CC. The questions that the experts answered covered the biopsychosocial domains of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)...
May 9, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738612/evidence-for-a-subcortical-contribution-to-intracortical-facilitation
#13
Patrick Wiegel, Niclas Niemann, John C Rothwell, Christian Leukel
Intracortical facilitation (ICF) describes the facilitation of an EMG response (motor evoked potential) to a suprathreshold pulse (S2) of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) by a preceding subthreshold pulse (S1) given 10 to 15 ms earlier. ICF is widely assumed to originate from intracortical mechanisms. In the present study, we used spinal H-reflexes to test whether subcortical mechanisms can also contribute to the facilitation. Measurements were performed in the upper limb muscle flexor carpi radialis (FCR) in 17 healthy volunteers, and in the lower limb muscle soleus (SOL) in 16 healthy volunteers...
May 8, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736387/traditional-plants-used-for-the-treatment-of-gynaecological-disorders-in-vedaranyam-taluk-south-india-an-ethnomedicinal-survey
#14
S Balamurugan, S Vijayakumar, S Prabhu, J E Morvin Yabesh
Gynaecological disorder is one of the most severe conditions under reproductive health. So we investigate and collect information from traditional practitioners on the use of medicinal plants for treatment of Gynaecological disorder in Vedaranyam taluk, Nagappattinam district of South India. The field study was carried out for a period of January 2014-January 2015 in Vedaranyam taluk, Nagappattinam district of South India. This is the first traditional medicine study in which statistical calculations about plants are done by RFC, CI, UV and ICF in the study area...
April 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731369/tailored-frequency-escalated-primary-prophylaxis-for-severe-haemophilia-a-results-of-the-16-year-canadian-hemophilia-prophylaxis-study-longitudinal-cohort
#15
Brian M Feldman, Georges E Rivard, Paul Babyn, John K M Wu, MacGregor Steele, Man-Chiu Poon, Robert T Card, Sara J Israels, Nicole Laferriere, Kulwant Gill, Anthony K Chan, Manuel Carcao, Robert J Klaassen, Stephanie Cloutier, Victoria E Price, Saunya Dover, Victor S Blanchette
BACKGROUND: Severe haemophilia A has high morbidity, and treatment, while effective, is very expensive. We report the 16-year follow-up of the Canadian Hemophilia Prophylaxis Study, which examined the effectiveness of tailored frequency-escalated primary prophylaxis with a focus on health outcomes within the domains of body structures and functions, and activities and participation (according to the WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health [WHO-ICF] framework) and a view to reducing consumption of costly clotting factor, which accounts for more than 90% of the cost of care of severe haemophilia...
May 3, 2018: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729595/decrease-of-motor-cortex-excitability-following-exposure-to-a-20-hz-magnetic-field-as-generated-by-a-rotating-permanent-magnet
#16
Eugen Gallasch, Dietmar Rafolt, Magdalena Postruznik, Shane Fresnoza, Monica Christova
OBJECTIVES: Rotation of a static magnet over the motor cortex (MC) generates a transcranial alternating magnetic field (tAMF), and a linked alternating electrical field. The aim of this transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) study is to investigate whether such fields are able to influence MC excitability, and whether there are parallels to tACS induced effects. METHODS: Fourteen healthy volunteers received 20 Hz tAMF stimulation over the MC, over the vertex, and 20 Hz tACS over the MC, each with a duration of 15 min...
April 19, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724453/trends-of-informed-consent-forms-for-industry-sponsored-clinical-trials-in-rheumatology-over-a-17-year-period-readability-and-assessment-of-patients-health-literacy-and-perceptions
#17
Hector de la Mora-Molina, Aldo Barajas-Ochoa, Leon Sandoval-Garcia, Martha Navarrete-Lorenzon, Edgar A Castañeda-Barragan, José Dionisio Castillo-Ortiz, Francisco Javier Aceves-Avila, Jose Yañez, Lilia Patricia Bustamante-Montes, Cesar Ramos-Remus
OBJECTIVE: To assess trends in the length and readability of informed consent forms (ICFs) for industry-sponsored multinational clinical trials (RCTs) in rheumatology over a 17-year period. Additionally, to assess the health literacy (HL) and perceptions of ICFs among participants of current RCTs. METHODS: The readability of ICFs conducted at an outpatient rheumatology clinic between 1999 and 2016 were assessed using the INFLESZ scale. Patients' HL was assessed using SALHSA-50 and STOFHLA...
March 16, 2018: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724236/patient-consent-to-publication-and-data-sharing-in-industry-and-nih-funded-clinical-trials
#18
O'Mareen Spence, Richie Onwuchekwa Uba, Seongbin Shin, Peter Doshi
BACKGROUND: Participants are recruited into clinical trials under the assumption that the research will contribute to medical knowledge. Therefore, non-publication trials-and, more recently, lack of data sharing-are widely considered to violate the trust of trial participants. Existing practices regarding patient consent to publication and data sharing have not been evaluated. Analyzing informed consent forms (ICFs), we studied what trial participants were told regarding investigators' intention to contribute to medical knowledge, publish trial results, and share de-identified trial data...
May 3, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712543/achilles-pain-stiffness-and-muscle-power-deficits-midportion-achilles-tendinopathy-revision-2018
#19
Robroy L Martin, Ruth Chimenti, Tyler Cuddeford, Jeff Houck, J W Matheson, Christine M McDonough, Stephen Paulseth, Dane K Wukich, Christopher R Carcia
The Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) has an ongoing effort to create evidence-based practice guidelines for orthopaedic physical therapy management of patients with musculoskeletal impairments described in the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). The purpose of these revised clinical practice guidelines is to review recent peer-reviewed literature and make recommendations related to midportion Achilles tendinopathy...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712538/the-relationship-between-early-post-stroke-cognition-and-longer-term-activities-and-participation-a-systematic-review
#20
Joseph A Mole, Nele Demeyere
This systematic review examined whether early cognitive impairment after stroke is predictive of outcome within the "activity" and "participation" domains of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) at 6-12 months post-injury. Studies were included if cognitive functioning was assessed within 6 weeks of injury and outcome was measured at least 6 months post-injury. PsycINFO, MEDLINE, CINAHL and EMBASE databases were searched and 14 studies were identified...
April 30, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
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