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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081311/applying-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-in-children-with-low-vision-differences-between-raters
#1
Feride Yarar, Uğur Cavlak, Bilge Başakcı Çalık
BACKGROUND/AIM: This study was conducted to analyze the agreement between International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) raters and to show its applicability in children with low vision. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty children (mean age: 11.70 ± 1.92 years) were included. To evaluate the independency of the sample, the Northwick Park Activities Daily Living questionnaire was used. The Low Vision Quality of Life Scale was used to evaluate quality of life...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079206/freestanding-moo2-mo2c-imbedded-carbon-fibers-for-li-ion-batteries
#2
Hongqin Li, Haijun Ye, Zheng Xu, Chuanyi Wang, Jiao Yin, Hui Zhu
Flexible and freestanding MoO2/Mo2C imbedded carbon fibers (MoO2/Mo2C ICFs) have been successfully synthesized via an integrated procedure including electrospinning, thermo-plastication in air and reduction/carbonization at high temperature. A series of techniques such as SEM, TEM, N2 adsorption-desorption analysis, XRD, TGA, IR and XPS have been employed to systemically characterize the MoO2/Mo2C ICFs. In particular, it is observed that the MoO2/Mo2C ICFs derived from phosphomolybdic acid have more highly porous structures than those derived from molybdic acid...
January 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078953/evidence-based-strategies-for-shortening-informed-consent-forms-in-clinical-research
#3
Amy Corneli, Emily Namey, Monique P Mueller, Jenae Tharaldson, Steve Sortijas, Thomas Grey, Jeremy Sugarman
Long informed consent forms (ICFs) remain commonplace, yet they can negatively affect potential participants' understanding of clinical research. We aimed to build consensus among six groups of key stakeholders on advancing the use of shorter ICFs in clinical research. Partnering with the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN), we used a modified Delphi process with semistructured interviews and online surveys. Concerns about redundancy of information were common. Respondents supported three strategies for reducing ICF length: (a) 91% agreed or strongly agreed with grouping study procedures by frequency, (b) 91% were comfortable or very comfortable with placing supplemental information into appendices, and (c) 93% agreed or strongly agreed with listing duplicate side effects only once...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073351/exploring-neurodevelopmental-outcome-measures-used-in-children-with-cerebral-malaria-the-perspectives-of-caregivers-and-health-workers-in-malawi
#4
Emmie W Mbale, Terrie Taylor, Bernard Brabin, Macpherson Mallewa, Melissa Gladstone
BACKGROUND: Progress has been made in tackling malaria however there are still over 207 million cases worldwide, the majority in children. As survival rates improve, numbers of children with long-term neurodisabling sequelae are likely to increase. Most outcome studies in cerebral malaria (CM) have focused only on body function and structure and less on outcomes within the broader framework of the International Classification of Functioning and Disability (ICF). The aim of this study was to utilise qualitative methods to identify relevant clinical outcomes in CM to support formulation of a core outcome set relevant to CM and other acquired brain injuries for use in future clinical trials...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058230/outcomes-in-randomized-controlled-trials-of-exercise-interventions-in-solid-organ-transplant
#5
Tania Janaudis-Ferreira, Sunita Mathur, Stacey Konidis, Catherine M Tansey, Cecile Beaurepaire
AIM: To identify the outcome measures that have been used in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of exercise training in solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients and to link these outcomes to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework. METHODS: Electronic literature searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane, Scopus, and Web of Science were performed. We sought RCTs that investigated the effect of exercise training in SOT recipients...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041750/burn-patients-return-to-daily-activities-and-participation-as-defined-by-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Candice L Osborne, Walter J Meyer, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Christine M Arcari
The World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is a universal classification system of health and health-related domains. The ICF has been successfully applied to a wide range of health conditions and diseases; however, its application in the field of burn recovery has been minimal. This systematic review uses the domains of the ICF component 'activities and participation' to explore: (1) the extent to which return to daily activities and community participation after burn has been examined in the pediatric population, (2) the most common assessments used to determine activity and participation outcomes, and (3) what activity and participation areas are most affected in the pediatric burn population after discharge from acute care...
December 29, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040450/cortical-inhibitory-and-excitatory-function-in-drug-naive-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#7
Cheng-Ta Li, Chia-Feng Lu, Hui-Ching Lin, Ying-Zu Huang, Chi-Hung Juan, Tung-Ping Su, Ya-Mei Bai, Mu-Hong Chen, Wei-Chen Lin
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence suggests that deficits in GABAergic inhibitory and glutamatergic excitatory neurotransmission may be involved in the core pathophysiology of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), a disease characterized by pathological anxious worrying. The aim of the present study was to measure motor cortical excitability by paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (ppTMS) in patients with GAD. METHODS: ppTMS measurements of excitation and inhibition from bilateral motor cortices were investigated in 26 right-handed GAD patients who were drug-naïve (half of them with a comorbidity of major depressive disorder) and 35 right-handed age- and sex-matched healthy controls...
December 21, 2016: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027054/development-of-an-upper-extremity-function-measurement-model
#8
Ickpyo Hong, Annie N Simpson, Chih-Ying Li, Craig A Velozo
This study demonstrated the development of a measurement model for gross upper-extremity function (GUE). The dependent variable was the Rasch calibration of the 27 ICF-GUE test items. The predictors were object weight, lifting distance from floor, carrying, and lifting. Multiple regression was used to investigate the contribution that each independent variable makes to the model with 203 outpatients. Object weight and lifting distance were the only statistically and clinically significant independent variables in the model, accounting for 83% of the variance (p < 0...
2016: Journal of Applied Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027048/alignment-of-outcome-instruments-used-in-hand-therapy-with-the-occupational-therapy-practice-framework-domain-and-process-and-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-a-scoping-review
#9
Danielle Ann-Marie Lesher, M J Mulcahey, Peter Hershey, Donna Breger Stanton, Andrea C Tiedgen
OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify outcome instruments used in rehabilitation of the hand and upper extremity; to determine their alignment with the constructs of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework: Domain and Process; and to report gaps in the constructs measured by outcome instruments as a basis for future research. METHOD: We searched CINAHL, MEDLINE, OTseeker, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials using scoping review methodology and evaluated outcome instruments for concordance with the ICF and the Framework...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025717/functioning-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-icf-as-a-reference
#10
A Gorostiaga, N Balluerka, G Guilera, J Aliri, M Barrios
PURPOSE: To identify and quantify the main concepts included in published studies focusing on individuals with schizophrenia using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). METHODS: Searches (limited to those published from 2008 to 2012) were performed in MEDLINE, PsycINFO and CINAHL. Included studies described participants with schizophrenia, were original articles and included only subjects who were at least 18 years of age at study entry...
December 26, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017696/ethnobiological-treatments-of-neurological-conditions-in-the-chota-nagpur-plateau-india
#11
Abhijit Dey, Partha Gorai, Anuradha Mukherjee, Raghunath Dhan, Biplob Kumar Modak
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: World Health Organization (WHO) has recognized the contribution of traditional medicine in the primary health care system. WHO also considers neurological disorders as one of the prime concern to the public health. Inadequate and inaccessible health facilities in the rural and underprivileged areas have forced the various tribal and non-tribal communities to use ethno-phyto and ethno-zoo therapeutics against different ailments. Chota Nagpur Plateau, India is one of the richest in India in terms of plant and animal diversity, and houses a number of indigenous communities often practising their own ethnobiological medicines...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009190/first-liquid-layer-inertial-confinement-fusion-implosions-at-the-national-ignition-facility
#12
R E Olson, R J Leeper, J L Kline, A B Zylstra, S A Yi, J Biener, T Braun, B J Kozioziemski, J D Sater, P A Bradley, R R Peterson, B M Haines, L Yin, L F Berzak Hopkins, N B Meezan, C Walters, M M Biener, C Kong, J W Crippen, G A Kyrala, R C Shah, H W Herrmann, D C Wilson, A V Hamza, A Nikroo, S H Batha
The first cryogenic deuterium and deuterium-tritium liquid layer implosions at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) demonstrate D_{2} and DT layer inertial confinement fusion (ICF) implosions that can access a low-to-moderate hot-spot convergence ratio (12<CR<25). Previous ICF experiments at the NIF utilized high convergence (CR>30) DT ice layer implosions. Although high CR is desirable in an idealized 1D sense, it amplifies the deleterious effects of asymmetries. To date, these asymmetries prevented the achievement of ignition at the NIF and are the major cause of simulation-experiment disagreement...
December 9, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007445/functional-goals-and-predictors-of-their-attainment-in-low-income-community-dwelling-older-adults
#13
Brian W Waldersen, Jennifer L Wolff, Laken Roberts, Allysin E Bridges, Laura N Gitlin, Sarah L Szanton
OBJECTIVE: To describe functional goals and factors associated with goal attainment among low-income older adults with disabilities living in the community. DESIGN: Secondary analysis from two studies of CAPABLE. Functional goals were coded using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) framework. The percentage of goals attained at five months follow-up was computed within each ICF domain. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with goal attainment...
December 19, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005235/examination-of-the-applicability-of-the-disabilities-of-the-arm-shoulder-and-hand-dash-questionnaire-to-patients-with-hand-injuries-and-diseases-using-rasch-analysis
#14
Kathrin Braitmayer, Caroline Dereskewitz, Cornelia Oberhauser, Klaus-Dieter Rudolf, Michaela Coenen
BACKGROUND: The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) Questionnaire is the most commonly applied patient-reported outcome measure used to assess disability and functioning in clinical research and practice for patients with injuries and diseases of the upper extremities. The objective of this study was to assess whether the DASH is a valid and reliable questionnaire to measure disability and functioning in patients with hand injuries and diseases using Rasch analysis. METHODS: We performed a psychometric study using data derived from two multicentre studies carried out to develop the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Core Sets for Hand Conditions...
December 22, 2016: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996336/participation-and-occupation-in-occupational-therapy-models-of-practice-a-discussion-of-possibilities-and-challenges
#15
Maria Larsson-Lund, Anneli Nyman
BACKGROUND: Occupation has been the focus in occupational therapy practice to greater or lesser degrees from a historical viewpoint. This evokes a need to discuss whether concepts that are added to our field will enhance or blur our focus on occupation. AIM: To explore how the concept of participation in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is related to the concept of occupation by reviewing and comparing its use in three models of practice within occupational therapy...
December 20, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996329/inhibitory-control-and-traumatic-brain-injury-the-association-between-executive-control-processes-and-social-communication-deficits
#16
Bronte Pearce, Jade Cartwright, Naomi Cocks, Anne Whitworth
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To further examine the proposed relationship between executive impairments in inhibitory control and social communication difficulties reflecting poor inhibition following TBI. METHOD: Inhibitory control was assessed in 14 adults with TBI on the Hayling Sentence Completion Test (HSCT). Errors on Part B (failed inhibition) and Part B-Part A response latencies (delayed inhibition) were examined. A relative, friend or frequent communication partner of each participant with TBI completed the La Trobe Communication Questionnaire (LCQ) on the communication difficulties of the person with TBI...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996220/understanding-community-based-rehabilitation-and-the-role-of-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-a-discussion-paper
#17
Vanessa Seijas, Luz H Lugo, Blanca Cano, Luz M Escobar, Carlos Quintero, Boya Nugraha, Christoph Gutenbrunner
BACKGROUND: Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) is an accepted model to improve the delivery of rehabilitation in the community. It includes the access to health care, education, labor and accessible environments. The role of Specialists in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine in this strategy (SPRM) is not very well defined. METHODS: On the occasion of the international consultation for the WHO Action Plan for persons with disabilities, a discussion about the meaning of CBR and the role of SPRM on CBR has occurred among the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation medicine (ISPRM) members...
December 19, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990108/the-time-course-of-acute-changes-in-corticospinal-excitability-intra-cortical-inhibition-and-facilitation-following-a-single-session-heavy-strength-training-of-the-biceps-brachii
#18
Christopher Latella, Ashlee M Hendy, Alan J Pearce, Dan VanderWesthuizen, Wei-Peng Teo
Objective: The current understanding of acute neurophysiological responses to resistance training remains unclear. Therefore, we aimed to compare the time-course of acute corticospinal responses following a single-session heavy strength training (HST) of the biceps brachii (BB) muscle and provide quantifiable evidence based on the super-compensation model in an applied setting. Methods: Fourteen participants completed a counter-balanced, cross-over study that consisted of a single HST session (5 sets × 3 repetition maximum [RM]) of the BB and a control session (CON)...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984221/strengthening-rehabilitation-in-health-systems-worldwide-by-integrating-information-on-functioning-in-national-health-information-systems
#19
Gerold Stucki, Jerome Bickenbach, John Melvin
A complete understanding of the experience of health requires information relevant not merely to the health indicators of mortality and morbidity but also to functioning-that is, information about what it means to live in a health state, "the lived experience of health." Not only is functioning information relevant to healthcare and the overall objectives of person-centered healthcare but to the successful operation of all components of health systems.In light of population aging and major epidemiological trends, the health strategy of rehabilitation, whose aim has always been to optimize functioning and minimize disability, will become a key health strategy...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980011/mapping-the-effect-of-psoriatic-arthritis-using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#20
Tania Gudu, Uta Kiltz, Maarten de Wit, Tore Kristian Kvien, Laure Gossec
OBJECTIVE: The effect of a disease can be categorized by a standardized reference system: the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). The objective was to map the effect of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) from the patient's perspective to the ICF. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed. Qualitative publications reporting domains of impact important for patients with PsA were identified using the following terms: ("psoriatic arthritis") AND ("quality of life" OR "impact")...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
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