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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543332/is-there-a-consensus-on-antibiotic-usage-for-dental-implant-placement-in-healthy-patients
#1
REVIEW
Joon Soo Park, Marc Tennant, Laurence J Walsh, Estie Kruger
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to determine whether there is consensus for antibiotic prescription in healthy patients undergoing implant placement. METHOD: A search of PubMed, Embase and Medline databases was conducted in January 2016 to find published journal articles on the use of antibiotics in implant placement, according to the PRISMA guidelines. The inclusion criteria were prospective human clinical trials investigating antibiotic usage during implant placement...
May 25, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538550/breast-cancer-after-augmentation-oncologic-and-reconstructive-considerations-among-women-undergoing-mastectomy
#2
Eugenia H Cho, Ronnie L Shammas, Brett T Phillips, Rachel A Greenup, E Shelley Hwang, Scott T Hollenbeck
BACKGROUND: Breast augmentation with subglandular versus subpectoral implants may differentially impact the early detection of breast cancer and treatment recommendations. The authors assessed the impact of prior augmentation on the diagnosis and management of breast cancer in women undergoing mastectomy. METHODS: Breast cancer diagnosis and management were retrospectively analyzed in all women with prior augmentation undergoing therapeutic mastectomy at the authors' institution from 1993 to 2014...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537700/inflatable-penile-prosthesis-as-tissue-expander-what-is-the-evidence
#3
Paul H Chung, Jordan A Siegel, Timothy J Tausch, Alexandra K Klein, Jeremy M Scott, Allen F Morey
OBJECTIVE: Many patients who undergo inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) replacement are often upsized to larger cylinders, suggesting the IPP may serve as a tissue expander and increase internal penile length. The objective of this study is to evaluate whether cylinder length increases with subsequent IPP insertion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We queried American Medical Systems and Coloplast Patient Information Form databases to identify patients who underwent IPP placement and replacement between 2004-2013...
May 23, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537647/robotic-assisted-total-hip-arthroplasty-outcomes-at-minimum-two-year-follow-up
#4
Richard L Illgen, Brandon R Bukowski, Rasheed Abiola, Paul Anderson, Morad Chughtai, Anton Khlopas, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: Component malposition in total hip arthroplasty (THA) contributes to instability and early failure. Robotic-assisted total hip arthroplasty (rTHA) utilizes CT-based planning with haptically-guided bone preparation and implant insertion to optimize component position accuracy. This study compared acetabular component position and postoperative complications following manual THA (mTHA) with rTHA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive primary THAs performed by one surgeon at three intervals were analyzed in this retrospective cohort study: the initial 100 consecutive manual THAs (mTHA) in clinical practice (year 2000), the last consecutive 100 mTHA before rTHA introduction (year 2011), and the first consecutive 100 rTHA (year 2012)...
May 24, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533930/early-onset-lyme-carditis-with-concurrent-disseminated-erythema-migrans
#5
Kinjan P Patel, Peter D Farjo, Joy J Juskowich, Ali Hama Amin, James D Mills
BACKGROUND: Lyme disease is an infection that is estimated to affect over 300,000 people in the United States annually. Typically, it presents with erythema migrans (EM), an annular rash at the site of tick attachment, within 3 to 30 days of inoculation. Untreated patients may progress to early disseminated disease. A further complication, Lyme carditis is rare but may occur several weeks later. It commonly manifests as a variable atrioventricular (AV) conduction block, with a high-grade AV block occurring in only 1% of untreated patients...
2017: American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511617/secondary-procedures-following-iliac-branch-device-treatment-of-aneurysms-involving-the-iliac-bifurcation-the-pelvis-registry
#6
Konstantinos P Donas, Mirjam Inchingolo, Piergiorgio Cao, Carlo Pratesi, Giovanni Pratesi, Giovanni Torsello, Georgios A Pitoulias, Ciro Ferrer, Gianbattista Parlani, Fabio Verzini
PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence and reasons for secondary procedures in patients treated with iliac branch devices (IBDs) for isolated iliac aneurysm or aortoiliac aneurysms involving the iliac bifurcation. METHODS: Between January 2005 and December 2015, 575 surgical-high-risk patients (mean age 72.0±8.4 years; 558 men) with isolated iliac aneurysms (n=79) or aortoiliac aneurysms involving the iliac bifurcation (n=496) were treated with placement of 650 ZBIS or Gore IBDs (75 bilateral) in 6 European centers...
June 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493347/effects-of-different-loading-protocols-on-the-secondary-stability-and-peri-implant-bone-density-of-the-single-implants-in-the-posterior-maxilla
#7
Mücahide Akoğlan, Ufuk Tatli, Cem Kurtoğlu, Fariz Salimov, Mehmet Kürkçü
BACKGROUND: Immediate or early loading of dental implants becomes a clinically feasible concept. PURPOSE: The aim was to evaluate the effects of different loading protocols (immediate, early, and delayed) on secondary stability and peri-implant bone density of single implants in the posterior maxilla. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine implants (Dentium, South-Korea) were placed in 39 patients. After placement, implant stability values (ISQ) and baseline peri-implant bone density values derived from cone-beam computed tomography were recorded...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484359/evaluation-of-congenital-heart-defects-treatment-options-establishment-of-pediatric-cardiology-cardiosurgery-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#8
REVIEW
Zijo Begic, Sanko Pandur, Edo Omerbasic, Almira Kadic, Mirza Halimic
INTRODUCTION: Modern pediatric cardiology mainly deals with congenital heart defects (CHD), as the most common congenital anomalies. In most cases CHD requires surgical or interventional treatment. GOAL: The goal of the research was to evaluate CHD treatment at Pediatric Clinic, University Clinical Center (UCC) Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). UCC Sarajevo is the only institution in B&H where cardiac treatment of CHD in pediatric population is performed. Pediatric cardiosurgery has started to develop in Bosnia and Herzegovina in April 1997...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473128/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-within-degenerated-aortic-surgical-bioprostheses-partner-2-valve-in-valve-registry
#9
John G Webb, Michael J Mack, Jonathon M White, Danny Dvir, Philipp Blanke, Howard C Herrmann, Jonathon Leipsic, Susheel K Kodali, Raj Makkar, D Craig Miller, Philippe Pibarot, Augusto Pichard, Lowell F Satler, Lars Svensson, Maria C Alu, Rakesh M Suri, Martin B Leon
BACKGROUND: Early experience with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) within failed bioprosthetic surgical aortic valves has shown that valve-in-valve (VIV) TAVR is a feasible therapeutic option with acceptable acute procedural results. OBJECTIVES: The authors examined 30-day and 1-year outcomes in a large cohort of high-risk patients undergoing VIV TAVR. METHODS: Patients with symptomatic degeneration of surgical aortic bioprostheses at high risk (≥50% major morbidity or mortality) for reoperative surgery were prospectively enrolled in the multicenter PARTNER (Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves) 2 VIV trial and continued access registries...
May 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463624/evaluation-of-robot-guided-minimally-invasive-implantation-of-2067-pedicle-screws
#10
Naureen Keric, Christian Doenitz, Amer Haj, Izabela Rachwal-Czyzewicz, Mirjam Renovanz, Dominik M A Wesp, Stephan Boor, Jens Conrad, Alexander Brawanski, Alf Giese, Sven R Kantelhardt
Objective Recent studies have investigated the role of spinal image guidance for pedicle screw placement. Many authors have observed an elevated placement accuracy and overall improvement of outcome measures. This study assessed a bi-institutional experience following introduction of the Renaissance miniature robot for spinal image guidance in Europe. Methods The medical records and radiographs of all patients who underwent robot-guided implantation of spinal instrumentation using the novel system (between October 2011 and March 2015 in Mainz and February 2014 and February 2016 in Regensburg) were reviewed to determine the efficacy and safety of the newly introduced robotic system...
May 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462007/sinus-augmentation-using-rhbmp-2-loaded-synthetic-bone-substitute-with-simultaneous-implant-placement-in-rabbits
#11
Myung-Jae Joo, Jae-Kook Cha, Hyun-Chang Lim, Seong-Ho Choi, Ui-Won Jung
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2)-loaded synthetic bone substitute on implants that were simultaneously placed with sinus augmentation in rabbits. METHODS: In this study, a circular access window was prepared in the maxillary sinus of rabbits (n=5) for a bone graft around an implant (Ø 3×6 mm) that was simultaneously placed anterior to the window. Synthetic bone substitute loaded with rhBMP-2 was placed on one side of the sinus to form the experimental group, and saline-soaked synthetic bone substitute was placed on the other side of the sinus to form the control group...
April 2017: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453004/implant-utilization-and-time-to-prosthetic-rehabilitation-in-conventional-and-advanced-fibular-free-flap-reconstruction-of-the-maxilla-and-mandible
#12
Richelle Chuka, Wael Abdullah, Jana Rieger, Suresh Nayar, Hadi Seikaly, Martin Osswald, Johan Wolfaardt
PURPOSE: Precisely designed jaw reconstruction rehabilitation (JRR) is important to the integrity of the jaw structure and oral functions. Advanced three-dimensional (3D) digital surgical design and simulation (SDS) techniques have the potential to reduce time to reconstructive and dental treatment completion, thereby promoting early functional oral rehabilitation. This study investigated the use of SDS in JRR procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on adult head and neck tumor (HNT) participants who completed JRR treatment with a fibular free flap (FFF) reconstruction...
May 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452709/the-use-of-polydioxanone-plates-for-endoscopic-skull-base-repair
#13
Fahad Al-Asousi, Christopher Okpaleke, Anali Dadgostar, Amin Javer
BACKGROUND: Many reconstructive techniques and materials have been reported for repair of skull base defects after sinonasal tumor excision, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks, and coverage of denuded bone. Synthetic materials have been developed for endoscopic skull base repair to avoid donor-site morbidity. Polydioxanone plate is a bioabsorbable implant designed for nasal septal reconstruction and has the ability to retain strength for at least 10 weeks and absorbs in 6 months. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the use of polydioxanone plates in endoscopic skull base defect and CSF leak repair, and to describe our experience with the surgical technique and postoperative management...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439572/long-term-clinical-and-radiologic-documentation-of-a-maxillary-odontogenic-myxoma-from-early-clinical-signs-to-implant-supported-prosthodontic-rehabilitation-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Sebastian Berger, Paul Hakl, Marius Meier, Walter Sutter, Andrej M Kielbassa, Dritan Turhani
Odontogenic myxoma (OM) is a non-metastasizing neoplasm of mesenchymal origin, arising in the tooth-bearing areas of the jaws. When regarding the whole spectrum of differential diagnoses for osteolytic jaw lesions, OM constitutes a benign tumor rarely located in the maxilla. Radiographically, displacement of teeth and frequent involvement of the sinus will be found with advanced maxillary OM. The tumor can be removed by means of several techniques, ranging from conservative measures to extended surgical procedures that differ according to type of bone resection and reconstruction of the defect...
April 24, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414769/creation-of-an-intramedullary-cavity-by-hemorrhagic-necrosis-removal-24-h-after-spinal-cord-contusion-in-rats-for-eventual-intralesional-implantation-of-restorative-materials
#15
Gabriel Guizar-Sahagun, Angelina Martinez-Cruz, Rebecca E Franco-Bourland, Eduardo Cruz-García, Alvaro Corona-Juarez, Araceli Diaz-Ruiz, Israel Grijalva, Horacio J Reyes-Alva, Ignacio Madrazo
Intramedullary hemorrhagic necrosis occurs early after spinal cord injury at the site of injury and adjacent segments. It is considered harmful because of its potential to aggravate secondary injury, and to interfere with axonal regeneration; it might also lead to an unfavorable environment for intralesional implants. Removal of hemorrhagic necrosis has been attempted before with variable results. The invasive nature of these procedures carries the risk of exacerbating damage to the injured cord. The overall objective for this study was to test several strategies for non-damaging removal of hemorrhagic necrosis and characterize the resulting cavity looking for a space for future intralesional therapeutic implants in rats with acute cord injury...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410841/contemporary-surgical-management-of-hypodontia
#16
REVIEW
J Breeze, M S Dover, R W Williams
Hypodontia is the term most commonly applied to the condition in which teeth congenitally fail to develop. Such cases differ from teeth that have been lost early or that have failed to erupt, although their initial presentation may be similar and therefore not recognised. The range of missing teeth and their physical and psychological results is large, and the difference in complexity in the management of a patient with isolated hypodontia compared with one with oligodontia or anodontia together with skeletal and orthognathic discrepancies should not be underestimated...
April 11, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403693/anterior-retropharyngeal-plate-screw-fixation-with-bilateral-anterior-transarticular-screws-for-odontoid-fractures-a-new-comprehensive-technique
#17
Sushil Patkar
INTRODUCTION: A certain group of odontoid fractures (Anderson and D' Alonzo Type-2) are usually offered surgical treatment. Common surgical option is an anterior odontoid screw. Some of the fractures are not suitable for anterior odontoid screw (anterior oblique, displaced distal fragments and those with atlantoaxial instability) and these are usually offered posterior transarticular screws (Magerl's) or posterior atlantoaxial screw rod/plate fixation (Goel-Harms technique). Posterior surgery involves atlantoaxial fixation with an indirect attempt to reduce and fuse the fracture ...
April 13, 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391381/osseointegration-improves-bone-implant-interface-of-pedicle-screws-in-the-growing-spine-a-biomechanical-and-histological-study-using-an-in-vivo-immature-porcine-model
#18
Kanako Shiba, Hiroshi Taneichi, Takashi Namikawa, Satoshi Inami, Daisaku Takeuchi, Yutaka Nohara
PURPOSE: Implant failure is a frequent complication in corrective surgery for early onset scoliosis, since considerable forces are acting on small and fragile vertebrae. Osseointegration showing biomechanical and histological improvement in bone-implant interface (BII) after dental implant placement has been well investigated. However, there are no studies regarding osseointegration in immature vertebral bone. The purpose was to evaluate the timecourse of biomechanical and histological changes at BII after pedicle screw placement using in vivo immature porcine model...
April 8, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383717/characteristics-and-early-clinical-outcomes-of-patients-undergoing-totally-subcutaneous-vs-transvenous-single-chamber-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-placement
#19
Ali A Mithani, Heaton Kath, Krystal Hunter, John Andriulli, Matthew Ortman, Julie Field, Andrea M Russo
Aims: In 2012, the first totally Subcutaneous Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (S-ICD) was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States. A possible benefit of this device is that it does not involve placing leads 'in' or 'on' the heart, potentially reducing complications. Methods amd results: Ninety-one S-ICD and 182 single chamber TV-ICD implants were performed between 10/22/2012 and 9/22/2015. During this period of time, 91 patients with S-ICD were matched to TV-ICD patients using single centre NCDR ICD Registry Data based on dialysis status, gender, and age...
April 4, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377984/low-dose-effect-of-bisphosphonates-on-hmscs-osteogenic-response-to-titanium-surface-in-vitro
#20
N R Alqhtani, N J Logan, S Meghji, R Leeson, P M Brett
Since the 1980s, titanium (Ti) implants have been routinely used to replace missing teeth. This success is mainly due to the good biocompatibility of Ti and the phenomenon of osseointegration, with very early events at implant placement being important in determining good osseointegration. However, enhancing implant performance with coatings such as hydroxyapatite (HA) and calcium phosphate has proved largely unsuccessful. Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are the first osteogenic cells to colonise implant surfaces and offer a target for enhancing osseointegration...
June 2017: Bone Reports
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