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Hodgkin's disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456131/high-expression-of-cc-chemokine-receptor-5-ccr5-promotes-disease-progression-in-patients-with-b-cell-non-hodgkin-lymphomas
#1
Aleksandra Butrym, Ilona Kryczek, Dorota Dlubek, Emilia Jaskula, Andrzej Lange, Artur Jurczyszyn, Grzegorz Mazur
Chemokines are small proteins, that regulate cell migration in many physiological and pathologic processes in human body. They are also responsible for cancer progression. CC chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) is responsible for cell recruitment in inflammation and may be involved in antitumor immune response controlling. Aberrant CCR5 can be found in different kind of cancers, not only hematological, but also solid tumors. Non-Hodgkin lymphomas consist of many lymphoma subtypes. They predominantly derive from B cells and can have very heterogenous clinical course...
January 10, 2018: Current Problems in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452665/novel-agents-for-relapsed-and-refractory-follicular-lymphoma
#2
REVIEW
Chan Yoon Cheah, Nathan H Fowler
Follicular lymphoma is one of the most common non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. Although current frontline regimens are associated with high response rates, most patients still relapse. When progression is discovered, re-establishing the diagnosis and ruling out transformation in paramount. The outcomes following relapse have been improving due to the activity and increasing availability of novel agents with various mechanisms of action. Despite these advances, single agent activity is limited and the disease remains incurable in the majority of cases...
March 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452663/management-of-untreated-advanced-stage-follicular-lymphoma-role-of-patient-discernment
#3
REVIEW
Jayadev Manikkam Umakanthan, Mathew A Lunning
Follicular lymphoma is the most common indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Advanced stage disease is common at diagnosis. The timing of treatment for follicular lymphoma is best approached by considering the combination of presence or absence of symptoms along with estimation of tumor burden. Upfront treatment strategies should take into initial presentation variables, pace of disease progression and goals of care after discussion with the patient. Treatment approaches remain diverse and patient discernment is paramount...
March 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449276/immune-evasion-via-pd-1-pd-l1-on-nk-cells-and-monocyte-macrophages-is-more-prominent-in-hodgkin-lymphoma-than-dlbcl
#4
Frank Vari, David Arpon, Colm Keane, Mark S Hertzberg, Dipti Talaulikar, Sanjiv Jain, Qingyan Cui, Erica Han, Josh Tobin, Robert Bird, Donna Cross, Annette Hernandez, Clare Gould, Simone Birch, Maher K Gandhi
Much focus has been on the interaction of PD-L1 on malignant B-cells with PD-1 on effector T-cells in inhibiting anti-lymphoma immunity. We sought to establish the contribution of NK-cells and inhibitory CD163+ monocytes/macrophages in Hodgkin Lymphoma (cHL) and Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma (DLBCL). Levels of PD-1 on NK-cells were elevated in cHL relative to DLBCL. Notably, CD3- CD56hi CD16-ve NK-cells had substantially higher PD-1 expression relative to CD3- CD56dim CD16+ cells, and were expanded in blood and tissue, more marked in cHL than DLBCL patients...
February 15, 2018: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449275/circulating-tumor-dna-reveals-genetics-clonal-evolution-and-residual-disease-in-classical-hodgkin-lymphoma
#5
Valeria Spina, Alessio Bruscaggin, Annarosa Cuccaro, Maurizio Martini, Martina Di Trani, Gabriela Forestieri, Martina Manzoni, Adalgisa Condoluci, Alberto Arribas, Lodovico Terzi-Di-Bergamo, Silvia Laura Locatelli, Elisa Cupelli, Luca Ceriani, Alden A Moccia, Anastasios Stathis, Luca Nassi, Clara Deambrogi, Fary Diop, Francesca Guidetti, Alessandra Cocomazzi, Salvatore Annunziata, Vittoria Rufini, Alessandro Giordano, Antonino Neri, Renzo Boldorini, Bernhard Gerber, Francesco Bertoni, Michele Ghielmini, Georg Stüssi, Armando Santoro, Franco Cavalli, Emanuele Zucca, Luigi Maria Larocca, Gianluca Gaidano, Stefan Hohaus, Carmelo Carlo-Stella, Davide Rossi
The rarity of neoplastic cells in the biopsy imposes major technical hurdles that have so far limited genomic studies in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL). By using a highly sensitive and robust deep-next-generation-sequencing approach for circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA), here we aimed at tracking the genetics of cHL in different clinical phases, and its modifications upon treatment. The analysis was based on specimens collected from 80 newly diagnosed and 32 refractory cHL patients, including longitudinal samples collected under ABVD chemotherapy and longitudinal samples from relapsing patients treated with chemotherapy and immunotherapy...
February 15, 2018: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444231/phase-iia-study-of-the-cd19-antibody-mor208-in-patients-with-relapsed-or-refractory-b-cell-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#6
W Jurczak, P L Zinzani, G Gaidano, A Goy, M Provencio, Z Nagy, T Robak, K Maddocks, C Buske, S Ambarkhane, M Winderlich, M Dirnberger-Hertweck, R Korolkiewicz, K A Blum
Background: This two-stage, phase IIa study (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01685008) investigated the antitumor activity and safety of MOR208, an Fc-engineered, humanized, CD19 antibody, in patients with relapsed or refractory (R-R) B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). CD19 is broadly expressed across the B-lymphocyte lineage, including in B-cell malignancies, but not by hematological stem cells. Patients and methods: Patients aged ≥18 years, with R-R NHL progressing after ≥1 prior rituximab containing regimen were enrolled into subtype-specific cohorts: diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), follicular lymphoma (FL), other indolent (i)NHL and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL)...
February 9, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443738/hodgkin-lymphoma-involving-the-tonsil-misdiagnosed-as-tonsillar-carcinoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
You Qin, Lijuan Lu, Yanwei Lu, Kunyu Yang
RATIONALE: Primary Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) involving the tonsil is extremely rare. Only about 20 such cases with verification of biopsy and immunohistochemistry have been reported. Because of its rarity and unremarkable clinical presentation, a timely correct diagnosis is very challenging. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 43-year-old man complained left tonsillar enlargement and painless masses in left neck, with night sweat. The clinical examination found a marked tonsillar asymmetry, with an enlarged left tonsil and ipsilateral cervical lymphadenopathy and a normal right tonsil...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434908/extranodal-presentation-of-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-of-the-sternum-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Yan Li, You Qin, Liduan Zheng, Hong Liu
Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) is typically a systemic disease with involvement of the cervical, supraclavicular and mediastinal lymph nodes. An extra-nodal presentation of HL is unusual and seldom encountered in the clinic. The most common sites of presentation for extra-nodal extension are the spleen, liver, lungs, bones and marrow. The bones that are frequently involved are the vertebrae, pelvis, ribs and femur. Involvement of the sternum has occasionally been reported. The current study presents an unusual case on the extra-nodal presentation of HL of the sternum arising in a 25-year-old woman, and reviews the relevant literature with particular emphasis on treatment...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434481/hodgkin-lymphoma-differences-in-treatment-between-europe-and-the-united-states-north-america-evolving-trends-in-protocol-therapy
#9
REVIEW
Thomas J FitzGerald, Maryann Bishop-Jodoin
With continued progress and success in clinical care, the management of patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) has undergone continuous revision to improve patient care outcomes and limit acute and late treatment effects on normal tissue imposed by therapy. Hodgkin lymphoma is a disease that affects children, adolescents, and adults. Clinical management strategies are influenced by the patient's age at diagnosis, tumor burden, response to induction therapy, and potential expectation of treatment impact on normal tissue...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430236/idiopathic-thrombocytopenia-purpura-masking-hodgkin-disease-a-paraneoplastic-syndrome-or-simply-a-mere-association
#10
Nicholas Poponea, Mohanad Suede, Mohammad Muhsin Chisti
We report a 74-year-old female who presented to the emergency department complaining of bruising and stroke-like symptoms. She underwent a negative stroke work-up but was found to have profoundly low platelets and splenomegaly on examination. An abdominal CT scan was ordered, showing pelvic lymphadenopathy. Lymphoma was suspected. However, subsequent bone marrow and lymph node biopsies showed no evidence of this. She was treated for immune thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP) to no avail while a lymphoma work-up continued...
September 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427204/reduced-cooperativity-of-voltage-gated-sodium-channels-in-the-hippocampal-interneurons-of-an-aged-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Carlos Perez, Ghanim Ullah
Beta amyloid (A[Formula: see text] ) associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) leads to abnormal behavior in inhibitory neurons, resulting in hyperactive neuronal networks, epileptiform behavior, disrupted gamma rhythms, and aberrant synaptic plasticity. Previously, we used a dual modeling-experimental approach to explain several observations, including failure to reliably produce action potentials (APs), smaller AP amplitudes, higher resting membrane potential, and higher membrane depolarization in response to a range of stimuli in hippocampal inhibitory neurons from 12- to 16-month-old female AP Pswe/PSEN1DeltaE9 (APdE9) AD mice as compared to age-matched non-transgenic (NTG) mice...
February 9, 2018: European Biophysics Journal: EBJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427203/cardiovascular-disease-incidence-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Theresa H M Keegan, Lawrence H Kushi, Qian Li, Ann Brunson, X Chawla, Helen K Chew, Marcio Malogolowkin, Ted Wun
PURPOSE: Few population-based studies have focused on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in adolescent and young adult (AYA; 15-39 years) cancer survivors and none have considered whether CVD risk differs by sociodemographic factors. METHODS: Analyses focused on 79,176 AYA patients diagnosed with 14 first primary cancers in 1996-2012 and surviving > 2 years after diagnosis with follow-up through 2014. Data were obtained from the California Cancer Registry and State hospital discharge data...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425516/reprint-of-building-a-safer-and-faster-car-seatbelts-airbags-and-crispr
#13
REVIEW
Miguel-Angel Perales, Partow Kebriaei, Leslie S Kean, Michel Sadelain
Therapeutic T cell engineering has recently garnered widespread interest because of the success of CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) therapy. CARs are synthetic receptors for antigen that redirect the specificity and reprogram the function of the T cells in which they are genetically introduced. CARs targeting CD19, a cell surface molecule found in most leukemias and lymphomas, have yielded high remission rates in patients with chemorefractory, relapsed disease, including acute lymphoblastic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma...
March 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423228/does-formaldehyde-have-a-causal-association-with-nasopharyngeal-cancer-and-leukaemia
#14
Soon-Chan Kwon, Inah Kim, Jaechul Song, Jungsun Park
Background: The South Korean criteria for occupational diseases were amended in July 2013. These criteria included formaldehyde as a newly defined occupational carcinogen, based on cases of "leukemia or nasopharyngeal cancer caused by formaldehyde exposure". This inclusion was based on the Internal Agency for Research on Cancer classification, which classified formaldehyde as definite human carcinogen for nasopharyngeal cancer in 2004 and leukemia in 2012. Methods: We reviewed reports regarding the causal relationship between occupational exposure to formaldehyde in Korea and the development of these cancers, in order to determine whether these cases were work-related...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420106/syncytial-variant-of-nodular-sclerosing-hodgkin-lymphoma-in-children-a-prognostic-factor
#15
Noa Granot, Ayelet Ben-Barak, Yael Fisher, Hana Golan, Myriam Weyl Ben-Arush
Nodular sclerosing Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) has an excellent prognosis in children. The syncytial variant (SV) of HL in adults represents a clinic pathologic entity with a worse outcome. We report the clinical features and the course of the disease of three children with refractory HL. The three patients with SV were analyzed in a retrospective multi-institutional study conducted in Israel in 51 children diagnosed with refractory or recurrent HL between 1997 and 2014. All the three children developed multiple recurrences soon after diagnosis...
February 8, 2018: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419687/synchronous-papillary-thyroid-cancer-and-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-case-report
#16
Georgi I Popivanov, Pavel Bochev, Radka Hristoskova, Ventsislav M Mutafchiyski, Mihail Tabakov, Anthony Philipov, Roberto Cirocchi
RATIONALE: Differentiated thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy with concomitant hematological malignancy in 7%. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a case of a synchronous papillary thyroid cancer and a follicular variant of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and discuss the possible diagnostic and treatment dilemmas. DIAGNOSIS: A 48-year-old female was reffered to our hospital with diagnosis "thyroid cancer". Due to a history compatable of synchronous lymphoproliferative disease we performed a computed tomography, which revealed multiple enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, mediastinum, axilla and abdomen...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417294/a-pilot-investigation-on-impact-of-participation-in-a-long-term-follow-up-clinic-ltfu-on-breast-cancer-and-cardiovascular-screening-among-women-who-received-chest-radiation-for-hodgkin-lymphoma
#17
K Baxstrom, B A Peterson, C Lee, R I Vogel, A H Blaes
BACKGROUND: Women treated with chest radiation for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) are at significantly increased risk of breast cancer and cardiovascular disease. HL survivors are recommended to have annual dual screening with mammogram (MMG) and breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). They are also recommended to undergo echocardiogram (echo) 5 years after completion of radiation. We performed a pilot study to characterize the women who are and are not receiving proper dual screening for breast cancer and baseline echo, and to examine the impact of a LTFU clinic consultation on screening...
February 7, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415974/a-case-of-classical-hodgkin-lymphoma-with-total-lymph-node-infarction
#18
Marika Okuni, Kimikazu Yakushijin, Yasuhiro Sakai, Hirotaka Suto, Hiroya Ichikawa, Rina Sakai, Seiji Kakiuchi, Keiji Kurata, Yu Mizutani, Akihito Kitao, Yoshiharu Miyata, Yasuyuki Saito, Shinichiro Kawamoto, Katsuya Yamamoto, Mitsuhiro Ito, Hiroshi Matsuoka, Hironobu Minami
Lymph node infarction is very rare, and is frequently associated with neoplasms, such as malignant lymphoma and non-neoplastic disease, or interventions such as fine-needle aspiration (FNA). A 76-year-old-man presented with cervical lymph node swelling. Although FNA was performed, the findings were insufficient for a definitive diagnosis. Consequently, surgical biopsy of the cervical lymph node was performed, which revealed total infarction; a diagnosis of classical Hodgkin lymphoma was made later. Both lymphoma itself and FNA may cause total lymph node infarction, which makes diagnosis confusing...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hematopathology: JCEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415933/-significance-of-upper-and-lower-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-for-screening-small-intestinal-lesions-in-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#19
Shogo Miura, Hiroyuki Kuroda, Ken Sato, Michiko Yamada, Ryo Itou, Michihiro Ono, Tomoyuki Abe, Shigeyuki Fujii, Masahiro Maeda, Masahiro Yoshida, Wataru Jomen, Masayoshi Kobune, Junji Kato, Miri Fujita
The gastrointestinal tract is a common site for the occurrence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). NHL with gastrointestinal lesions may lead to clinically relevant intestinal complications such as obstruction, perforation, and exsanguination during the course of the disease. Consequently, patients with NHL are often examined by means of upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy at the initial visit. There are no clear guidelines regarding which patients should undergo capsule endoscopy (CE) and balloon enteroscopy for detecting small intestinal lesions...
2018: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415774/burkitt-s-lymphoma-with-placental-invasion-diagnosed-at-cesarean-delivery-a-case-report
#20
Cielo Gnecco, S J Carlan, Jeannie McWhorter, Li Ge, Daniel Sanchez, Mario Madruga
BACKGROUND: Burkitt's lymphoma is a highly aggressive B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtype. Its occurrence in pregnancy is rare and often results in a delayed diagnosis. The treatment plan and prognosis depend on a number of variables including the stage at diagnosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 32 weeks pregnant, 34-year-old white woman presented with weeks of complaints that were similar to typical pregnancy symptoms. Laboratory and ultrasound findings suggested a pathologic process and during the workup non-reassuring fetal surveillance resulted in an emergency cesarean delivery...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
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