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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916317/presence-of-human-herpesvirus-8-hhv-8-dna-sequences-in-patients-with-lymphoproliferative-diseases-and-chronic-blood-disorders
#1
Hossein Keyvani, Mohammad Hadi Karbalaie Niya, Maryam Esghaei, Farah Bokharaei Salim, Seyed Hamid Reza Monavari
OBJECTIVE: Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) is the causative agent of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), but it has also been associated with different hematologic malignancies, including plasmablastic lymphoma, Multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD), primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) and various atypical lymphoproliferative disorders. Patients with underlying lymphoproliferative diseases and chronic blood disorders who become infected with this virus are at risk for human malignancies. This small study reported the frequency of human herpesvirus -8 in 81 Iranian patients with lymphoproliferative disorders for estimation of possible factors affecting malignancy...
September 12, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912991/t-cell-histiocyte-rich-large-b-cell-lymphoma-presenting-as-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-an-uncommon-presentation-of-a-rare-disease
#2
Uroosa Ibrahim, Gwenalyn Garcia, Amina Saqib, Shafinaz Hussein, Qun Dai
T cell histiocyte rich large B cell lymphoma (THRLBCL) is a rare subtype of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma characterized by malignant B cells with reactive T lymphocytes. The pathophysiology is thought to involve cytokine-mediated evasion of T cell immune response by malignant B cells. It usually presents at an advanced stage with extranodal involvement. An extremely unusual manifestation of the disease is hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) which is a hyperinflammatory disorder. We present a case of a 43-year-old male who presented with recurrent fever and recent radiologic imaging showing splenomegaly and right inguinal lymphadenopathy...
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911060/reduced-intensity-versus-reduced-toxicity-myeloablative-fludarabine-busulfan-based-conditioning-regimens-for-allografted-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-adult-patients-a-retrospective-study-on-behalf-of-the-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-francophone-de-greffe-de-moelle-et-de-th%C3%A3-rapie-cellulaire
#3
A Le Bourgeois, M Labopin, D Blaise, P Ceballos, S Vigouroux, R Peffault de Latour, A Marçais, C E Bulabois, J O Bay, S Chantepie, E Deconinck, E Daguindau, N Contentin, I Yakoub-Agha, J Cornillon, M Mercier, P Turlure, A Charbonnier, P S Rorhlich, S N'Guyen, N Maillard, T Marchand, M Mohty, P Chevallier
Background: Fludarabine/busulfan-based conditioning regimens are widely used to perform allogeneic stem-cell transplantation (allo-SCT) in high-risk non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients. The impact of the dose intensity of busulfan on outcomes has not been reported yet. Patients and methods: This was a retrospective with the aim to compare the outcomes of NHL patients who received before allo-SCT a fludarabine/busulfan conditioning regimen, either of reduced intensity (FB2, 2 days of busulfan at 4 mg/kg/day oral or 3...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910817/the-lung-in-dysregulated-states-of-humoral-immunity
#4
Yurdagül Uzunhan, Florence Jeny, Marianne Kambouchner, Morgane Didier, Diane Bouvry, Hilario Nunes, Jean-François Bernaudin, Dominique Valeyre
In common variable immunodeficiency, lung manifestations are related to different mechanisms: recurrent pneumonias due to encapsulated bacteria responsible for diffuse bronchiectasis, diffuse infiltrative pneumonia with various patterns, and lymphomas, mostly B cell extranodal non-Hodgkin type. The diagnosis relies on significant serum Ig deficiency and the exclusion of any primary or secondary cause. Histopathology may be needed. Immunoglobulin (IgG) replacement is crucial to prevent infections and bronchiectasis...
September 15, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901817/treatment-and-prognosis-of-stage-i-follicular-lymphoma-in-the-modern-era-does-pet-matter
#5
Ohad S Bentur, Ronit Gurion, Anat Gafter-Gvili, Moshe Gatt, Lev Shvidel, Netanel A Horowitz, Ron Ram, Yair Herishanu, Nadav Sarid, Ora Paltiel, Chezi Ganzel, Natalia Kreiniz, Najib Dally, Odit Gutwein, Pia Raanani, Irit Avivi, Chava Perry
Follicular lymphoma (FL) is the most common subtype of indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Patients with stage I disease are usually treated with radiotherapy (RT). In previous studies, mostly from the pre positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) era, the 5 year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates of stage I disease were 60-80% and 80-93%, respectively. This study retrospectively evaluated the outcome of stage I FL which was treated with involved field RT in the PET-CT era between 2002 and 2015...
September 13, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899972/facts-and-hopes-in-immunotherapy-of-lymphoma-and-myeloma
#6
Matthew J Pianko, Alison J Moskowitz, Alexander M Lesokhin
Immune checkpoint blockade has driven a revolution in modern oncology, and robust drug development of immune checkpoint inhibitors is underway in both solid tumors and hematologic malignancies. High response rates to programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) blockade using nivolumab or pembrolizumab in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) and several variants of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) revealed an intrinsic biologic sensitivity to this approach, and work is ongoing exploring combinations with immune checkpoint inhibitors in both cHL and NHL...
September 12, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898795/intestinal-perforation-that-developed-after-chemotherapy-in-a-patient-diagnosed-with-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#7
Cihad Tatar, Mazlum Yavas, Onder Akkus, Bahaeddin Tapkan, Oguz Kagan Batikan, Savas Bayrak, Soykan Arikan
INTRODUCTION: Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas (NHL) appear with the malign transformation of mature lymphocytes. Intestinal perforations are one of the most well-known complications of NHLs. In this review, a 29-year-old male patient who was diagnosed with NHL with gastrointestinal involvement that developed intestinal perforation after chemotherapy is presented. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 29-year-old male patient who received systemic chemotherapy in another healthcare center due to Major B-Cell Lymphoma was examined because he had stomachache after the treatment...
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895705/-complete-heart-block-and-asystole-in-a-child-with-ataxia-telangiectasia
#8
Daniel Palanca Arias, Ariadna Ayerza Casas, Mercedes Domínguez Cajal, Marta López Ramón, Lorenzo Jiménez Montañés
Ataxia-telangiectasia is a disorder characterized by cerebellar ataxia, telangiectasia, immunodeficiency, and increased predisposition to cancer susceptibility. Mutations in the ataxia telangiectasia mutated gene seem to play an important role in normal cell function and in cardiovascular remodeling. We report a case of a 14-year-old boy with ataxia-telangiectasia and high-grade B-non-Hodgkin lymphoma who remained in continuous complete remission after chemotherapy and who was admitted into our Emergency Room presenting with episodes of presyncope...
October 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889760/an-analysis-of-clinical-characteristics-and-patient-outcomes-in-primary-mediastinal-sarcomas
#9
Omar Abdel-Rahman
BACKGROUND: Published data concerning primary mediastinal sarcomas are limited to small-sized retrospective series.  This study reviewed the clinical outcomes of these cases from the SEER (surveillance, epidemiology and end results) database. METHODS: Primary mediastinal sarcomas (1988 - 2013) were assembled from the SEER database. The incidence and 10-year cancer-specific survival rates were compared to other primary mediastinal malignancies (thymic carcinoma, germ cell tumors, neurogenic tumors, Hodgkin / non Hodgkin lymphomas) as well as to non mediastinal sarcomas...
September 14, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887233/methotrexate-pharmacogenetics-in-uruguayan-adults-with-hematological-malignant-diseases
#10
Andrea Giletti, Marcelo Vital, Mariana Lorenzo, Patricia Cardozo, Gabriel Borelli, Raúl Gabus, Lem Martínez, Lilian Díaz, Rodrigo Assar, María Noel Rodriguez, Patricia Esperón
BACKGROUND: Individual variability is among the causes of toxicity and interruption of treatment in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and severe non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients under protocols including Methotrexate (MTX): 2,4-diamino-N10-methyl propyl-glutamic acid. METHODS: 41 Uruguayan patients were recruited. Gene polymorphisms involved in MTX pathway were analyzed and their association with treatment toxicities and outcome was evaluated. RESULTS: Genotype distribution and allele frequency were determined for SLC19A1 G80A, MTHFR C677T and A1298C, TYMS 28bp copy number variation, SLCO1B1 T521C, DHFR C-1610G/T, DHFR C-680A, DHFR A-317G and DHFR 19bp indel...
September 5, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881619/mrna-in-exosomas-as-a-liquid-biopsy-in-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-a-multicentric-study-by-the-spanish-lymphoma-oncology-group
#11
Mariano Provencio, Marta Rodríguez, Blanca Cantos, Pilar Sabín, Cristina Quero, Francisco R García-Arroyo, Antonio Rueda, Constanza Maximiano, Delvys Rodríguez-Abreu, Antonio Sánchez, Javier Silva, Vanesa García
PURPOSE: To determine the feasibility of mRNAs (C-MYC, BCL-XL, BCL-6, NF-κβ, PTEN and AKT) in exosomes of plasma as a liquid biopsy method for monitoring and prognostic evolution in B-cell lymphomas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Exosomes were isolated from 98 patients with B-cell Lymphoma and 68 healthy controls. mRNAs were analyzed by quantitative PCR. An additional 31 post-treatment samples were also studied. RESULTS: In the general and follicular lymphoma series, the presence of AKT mRNA was associated with poor response to rituximab-based treatment...
August 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881335/the-great-mimicker-at-thoracolumbar-spine-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#12
Turgut Akgül, Yücel Bilgin, Gökhan Karademir
PURPOSE: To report two cases with Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) in thoracolumbar spine with very different presentation. METHODS: Case 1; An 84-year-old female patient was admitted to our emergency clinic with paraparesis in both lower extremities. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed an epidural mass at the level of the T12 vertebrae. She was operated immediately with wide laminectomy and posterior instrumentation because of the paraparesis of both lower extremities...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875622/primary-pulmonary-extranodal-natural-killer-t-cell-lymphoma-nasal-type-presenting-as-diffuse-ground-glass-opacities-a-case-report
#13
MyungJin Song, Ji Ye Kim, Ji Soo Choi, Bora Yoon, MooHyun Kim, Soo Jeong Kim, Song Yee Kim
Extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTCL) is a rare type of lymphoma that accounts for only 5%-18% of all cases of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). In published series, 60%-90% of NK/T-cell lymphomas are localized to the nasal and upper airway. We describe a 55-year man who presented with cough, sputum, dyspnea on exertion, and a chest computed tomography scan shows diffuse ground glass opacities (GGOs), suggestive of an interstitial lung disease. He was treated with a corticosteroid and his symptoms improved...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872470/stop-and-go-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-in-the-era-of-chimeric-antigen-receptor-t-cells-and-checkpoint-inhibitors
#14
Arnab Ghosh, Ioannis Politikos, Miguel-Angel Perales
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: For several decades, hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) has been considered the standard curative therapy for many patients with hematological malignancies. In addition to the cytotoxic effects of the chemotherapy and radiation used in the conditioning regimen, the benefits of HCT are derived from a reset of the immune system and harnessing the ability of donor T cells to eliminate malignant cells. With the dawn of the era of immunotherapies in the form of checkpoint inhibitors and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells, the role of HCT has evolved...
September 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870642/high-dose-thiotepa-busulfan-cyclophosphamide-and-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-as-upfront-consolidation-for-systemic-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-with-synchronous-central-nervous-system-involvement
#15
David Qualls, Andrew Sullivan, Shuli Li, Andrew M Brunner, Kerry Collier, Ephraim Hochberg, Philippe Armand, Tracy T Batchelor, Yi-Bin Chen, Zachariah DeFilipp
INTRODUCTION: Synchronous involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) at the diagnosis of systemic non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is associated with an increased risk for relapse despite complete remission to initial therapy. High-dose chemotherapy with a CNS-directed conditioning regimen followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) holds promise as a consolidative approach. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of all patients with systemic B-cell NHL and synchronous CNS involvement who received upfront consolidation with high-dose chemotherapy with thiotepa, busulfan, cyclophosphamide, and ASCT while in first complete remission between July 2008 and June 2016 at 2 partner academic institutions...
August 15, 2017: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864175/non-hodgkin-lymphomas-in-mature-cystic-teratomas-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Gabrielle M Bonneville, René P Michel, Srinivasan Krishnamurthy, Fady W Mansour
BACKGROUND: Mature teratomas, better known as dermoid cysts, are the most common ovarian neoplasms in women in the second and third decade of life. They are invariably benign, and most women are asymptomatic. Ovarian cystectomy is the preferred therapeutic option. CASE: A 24-year-old woman was planned for elective laparoscopic cystectomy for a suspected teratoma; operative findings led to a unilateral oophorectomy. Pathological analysis of the specimen revealed a focus of large cell lymphoma of unknown lineage arising in a mature cystic teratoma...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858138/model-based-meta-analysis-of-progression-free-survival-in-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-patients
#17
Mengyao Li, Nimita Dave, Ahmed Hamed Salem, Kevin J Freise
BACKGROUND: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a group of lymphoproliferative malignancies with varying treatment responses and progression-free survival (PFS) times. The objective of this study was to quantify the effect of treatment and patient-population characteristics on PFS in patients with NHL. METHODS: A database was developed from 513 NHL clinical trials reported from 1993 to 2015. Summary-level PFS was obtained from 112 of these trials, which included 155 cohorts and 11,824 patients...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857136/results-of-a-multicentre-uk-wide-retrospective-study-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-brentuximab-vedotin-in-relapsed-refractory-classical-hodgkin-lymphoma-in-the-transplant-naive-setting
#18
Toby A Eyre, Elizabeth H Phillips, Kim M Linton, Shireen Kassam, Adam Gibb, Suzanne Allibone, John Radford, Karl Peggs, Cathy Burton, Gillian Stewart, Rifca LeDieu, Catherine Booth, Wendy L Osborne, Fiona Miall, David W Eyre, Kirit M Ardeshna, Graham P Collins
Relapsed or refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) is associated with a poor outcome when standard chemotherapy fails. Brentuximab vedotin (BV) is an anti-CD30 monoclonal antibody-drug conjugate licensed for use at relapse after autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) or following two prior therapies in those unsuitable for ASCT. There are limited data assessing the ability of BV to enable curative SCT. We performed a UK-wide retrospective study of 99 SCT-naïve relapsed/refractory cHL. All had received 2 prior lines and were deemed fit for transplant but had an insufficient remission to proceed...
August 31, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853979/the-effect-of-atorvastatin-on-vascular-function-and-structure-in-young-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-pilot-clinical-trial
#19
Kara L Marlatt, Julia Steinberger, Kyle D Rudser, Donald R Dengel, Karim T Sadak, Jill L Lee, Anne H Blaes, Daniel A Duprez, Joanna L Perkins, Julie A Ross, Aaron S Kelly
PURPOSE: Many adult survivors of childhood cancer are at high-risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Cancer therapy may cause damage to the vascular endothelium, thereby initiating atherosclerosis. Atorvastatin has been shown to improve endothelial function independent of reducing cholesterol, as well as reduce/slow arterial stiffness and thickening, yet has never been studied in childhood cancer survivors (CCS). METHODS: Twenty-seven young adult (age 26.8 ± 6...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845879/-a-case-of-severe-left-main-isolated-stenosis-in-a-young-woman-with-previous-history-of-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#20
Sebastian Cinconze, Lucia Coppini, Daniela Lina, Iacopo Tadonio, Maria Alberta Cattabiani, Emilia Solinas, Luigi Vignali, Alberto Menozzi
We report the case of a 34-year-old female treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy for non-Hodgkin lymphoma at the age of 16. The patient came to our attention because of progressive dyspnea on effort and a positive result on a pharmacologic stress echo test. Coronary angiography revealed focal critical ostial stenosis of the left main coronary artery. Considering the high surgical risk due to possible post-radiation thoracic adherence and the young patient age, she underwent successful stenting of the left main stenosis with drug-eluting stent, followed by an intravascular ultrasound-guided post-dilation and final kissing balloon inflation...
September 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
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