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periodontal plastic surgery

Giovanni Zucchelli, Sharma Praveen, Ilham Mounssif
Periodontal plastic surgery comprises an increasing part of clinical periodontology. Clinical trials have traditionally used professionals to judge esthetic outcome, and few studies have addressed patient needs and requests (true end points). Development of universally accepted and validated methods for professional esthetic assessment, together with standardized questionnaires for patient-perceived outcome, may help to provide better insights into the true needs and benefits of periodontal and implant-associated plastic surgery...
March 5, 2018: Periodontology 2000
Martina Stefanini, Matteo Marzadori, Sofia Aroca, Pietro Felice, Matteo Sangiorgi, Giovanni Zucchelli
The primary indication for treatment of gingival recessions is esthetics. In the last decades, patients have become increasingly more demanding in the esthetic outcome expected. In order to obtain a successful final result, periodontal plastic surgery should provide not only complete root coverage but also perfect blending in terms of color and texture. In the literature, many techniques have been demonstrated to be effective in obtaining complete root coverage, and the selection of one surgical technique over another depends on several factors related to the anatomic characteristics of the defect...
March 4, 2018: Periodontology 2000
Otto Zuhr, Stephan F Rebele, Stefani L Cheung, Markus B Hürzeler
Diverse clinical advancements, together with some relevant technical innovations, have led to an increase in popularity of tunneling flap procedures in plastic periodontal and implant surgery in the recent past. This trend is further promoted by the fact that these techniques have lately been introduced to a considerably expanded range of indications. While originally described for the treatment of gingival recession-type defects, tunneling flap procedures may now be applied successfully in a variety of clinical situations in which augmentation of the soft tissues is indicated in the esthetic zone...
March 1, 2018: Periodontology 2000
M Cieślik-Wegemund, V Candotto, B Wierucka-Młynarczyk, M Tanasiewicz, L Gilowski, M Duda, D Lauritano, Z Ormianer
Multiple recession defects in the dentition of the patients are routinely encountered in clinical practice and as such present a challenge for clinicians. Periodontal plastic surgical procedures aim to restore both esthetics as function in periodontal tissues. The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the clinical efficacy of using a tunnel technique with a collagen matrix to cover multiple recessions in the maxilla or mandible. Fourteen patients were enrolled in the study. Patients in the maxilla-group and mandible-group were treated with xenogeneic collagen matrix using the tunnel technique...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Luis-Antonio Aguirre-Zorzano, Ana M García-De La Fuente, Ruth Estefanía-Fresco, Xabier Marichalar-Mendía
Background: Connective tissue graft (CTG) is considered as the gold standard for the treatment of gingival recessions (GR). There are few studies assessing the complications that can arise in the donor site when harvesting a connective tissue graft (CTG) and how the harvesting technique can influence those complications. Material and Methods: A retrospective clinical study was carried out in order to compare the complications observed in 40 patients with Miller class I, II and III GR ≥ 3 mm, after using the trap-door technique (TD) in the control group and a newly described technique, the "UPV/EHU technique", in the test group...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Mahmoud Khosravi Samani, Bardia Vadiati Saberi, S M Ali Tabatabaei, Mahdjoube Goldani Moghadam
Objective: It has been proved that platelet-rich plasma (PRP) can promote wound healing. In this way, PRP can be advantageous in periodontal plastic surgeries, free gingival graft (FGG) being one such surgery. Materials and Methods: In this randomized split-mouth controlled trial, 10 patients who needed bilateral FGG were selected, and two donor sites were randomly assigned to experience either natural healing or healing-assisted with PRP. The outcome was assessed based on the comparison of the extent of wound closure, Manchester scale, Landry healing scale, visual analog scale, and tissue thickness between the study groups at different time intervals...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
Ena Sharma, Anuj Sharma, Kamaljit Singh
BACKGROUND: The ideal goal of periodontal therapy is regeneration of the lost periodontium. However regeneration of the lost interdental papilla has been elusive. Therefore the ability of rebuilding lost papillae in the maxillary segment has become one of the major challenges in periodontal plastic surgery. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the success and predictability of surgical technique using a sub epithelial connective tissue graft interposed in a coronally displaced flap to reconstruct the lost interdental papillae...
December 2017: Singapore Dental Journal
Zuhair S Natto, Martyn S Green
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Regenerative potential of leucocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin. Part A: intra-bony defects, furcation defects and periodontal plastic surgery. A systematic review and meta-analysis. Castro AB, Meschi N, Temmerman A, Pinto N, Lambrechts P, Teughels W, Quirynen M. J Clin Periodontol 2017; 44(1):67-82. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Self-funded by the authors and their institution TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis of data...
December 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
Nettemu Sunil Kumar, Nettem Sowmya, Vijendra Pal Singh, Madhu B Verma
Periodontal plastic and aesthetic surgery are gaining significant momentum owing to the increasing aesthetic demands by patients. Along with the fulfilment of aesthetic needs, it is imperative that clinicians also enhance function. From these two important viewpoints, subepithelial connective tissue grafting remains an optimum treatment choice for periodontists when treating gingival recession defects accompanied by periodontal attachment apparatus breakdown. Clinical relevance: Subepithelial connective tissue grafting is a successful procedure in its dual role of gingival recession coverage and predictable periodontal regeneration...
May 2017: Dental Update
Francesco Cairo
This manuscript aims to review periodontal plastic surgery for root coverage at single and multiple gingival recessions. Techniques are assessed based on biological principles, surgical procedures, prognosticative factors and expected clinical and esthetic outcomes. The use of coronally advanced flap, laterally sliding flap, free gingival graft, the tunnel grafting technique, barrier membranes, enamel matrix derivative, collagen matrix and acellular dermal matrix are evaluated. The clinical scenario and practical implications are analyzed according to a modern evidence-based approach...
October 2017: Periodontology 2000
Syeda Mahvash Hussain, Farhan Raza Khan
Periodontal plastic surgery has become a predictable method of managing gingival recession defects. In the current case report, a five-year follow-up of a coronally advanced flap surgery with bone graft along with endodontics and fixed prosthodontic rehabilitation is reported in the maxillary anterior sextant of a middle aged female. The present case demonstrates that deep and wide gingival defects can be treated with coronally positioned surgical flap without a connective tissue graft. Amultidisciplinary management approach was adopted in this case that yielded predictable outcome...
June 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Felipe Rychuv Santos, Stephanie Felice Kamarowski, Camilo Andres Villabona Lopez, Carmen Lucia Mueller Storrer, Alexandre Teixeira Neto, Tatiana Miranda Deliberador
Periodontal surgery associated with prior waxing, mock-up, and the use of digital tools to design the smile is the current trend of reverse planning in periodontal plastic surgery. The objective of this study is to report a surgical resolution of the gummy smile using a prior esthetic design with the use of digital tools. A digital smile design and mock-up were used for performing gingival recontouring surgery. The relationship between the facial and dental measures and the incisal plane with the horizontal facial plane of reference were evaluated...
March 2017: Dental Research Journal
Andreas Sakkas, Frank Wilde, Marcus Heufelder, Karsten Winter, Alexander Schramm
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the clinical outcomes of graft success rate and early implant survival rate after preprosthetic alveolar ridge reconstruction with autologous bone grafts. METHODS: A consecutive retrospective study was conducted on all patients who were treated at the military outpatient clinic of the Department of Oral and Plastic Maxillofacial Surgery at the military hospital in Ulm (Germany) in the years of 2009 until 2011 with autologous bone transplantation prior to secondary implant insertion...
December 2017: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
Amit Arvind Agrawal
Platelet concentrates (PC) [platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF)] are frequently used for surgical procedures in medical and dental fields, particularly in oral and maxillofacial surgery, plastic surgery and sports medicine. The objective of all these technologies is to extract all the elements from a blood sample that could be used to improve healing and promote tissue regeneration. Although leukocyte rich and leukocyte poor PRP's have their own place in literature, the importance of non-platelet components in a platelet concentrate remains a mystery...
May 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Vincent Bennani, Hadeel Ibrahim, Latfiya Al-Harthi, Karl M Lyons
Esthetic considerations are a significant contributing factor in the management of prosthodontic cases and an interdisciplinary approach is often necessary to achieve an optimal result. The visible soft-tissue architecture plays a key role in developing an esthetic smile. Furthermore, an understanding of the relationship between the restorative margin and the gingiva is important for long-term stability of the result. The gingival architecture and gingival health are important for ensuring optimal esthetics following prosthodontic work and close attention to both soft and hard tissues around the teeth, before, during and after restorative procedures, will greatly improve the likelihood of a successful outcome...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
Alexandre-Amir Aalam, Alina Krivitky Aalam, Joseph Choukroun
The goal of periodontal plastic surgery is to correct the soft-tissue deformities associated with the loss of attached and keratinized tissue. A variety of flap manipulations related to the use of subepithelial connective tissue grafts are described with great success in the literature but are linked with morbidity and harvesting-quality issues, inclining clinicians and researchers to find alternatives to such techniques. Advanced platelet-rich fibrin, which is widely used in medicine and oral therapy, represents a newer generation of blood-derived growth factors...
April 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Donald E Lareau, James E Hinrichs, Georgios A Kotsakis
Current techniques using autogenous soft tissue in periodontal plastic surgery have limitations in the number of teeth that can be treated and may result in suboptimal esthetic results. The innovative use of single, contoured grafts reported in this article overcomes the drawbacks associated with these techniques by more efficient use of available donor tissue. Autogenous tissue is used to graft each individual tooth, leaving the interdental areas uncovered. Multiple teeth-in some cases an entire arch-can be treated in one session, providing consistent and predictable reestablishment of the normal scalloped gingival architecture and convex root eminence...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
L P Zhao, Y L Zhan, W J Hu, H J Wang, Y P Wei, M Zhen, T Xu, Y S Liu
For ideal implant rehabilitation, an adequate bone volume, optical implant position, and stable and healthy soft tissue are required. The reduction of alveolar bone and changes in its morphology subsequent to tooth extraction will result in insufficient amount of bone and adversely affect the ability to optimally place dental implants in edentulous sites. Preservation of alveolar bone volume through ridge preservation has been demonstrated to reduce the vertical and horizontal contraction of the alveolar bone crest after tooth extraction and reduce the need for additional bone augmentation procedures during implant placement...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Paulo S G Henriques, Luciana S Okajima, Marcelo P Nunes, Victor A M Montalli
When lesions in soft tissue reach the gingival margin, they can produce aesthetic defects during its permanence and after its removal. Periodontal plastic surgery allows the correction of the gingival contour using different techniques. This paper is a case report of a peripheral ossifying fibroma removal in the interproximal area of teeth 21 and 22 in addition to root coverage of the affected area through two surgical phases: keratinized gingival tissue augmentation surgery with free gingival graft concurrent with removal of the lesion and, in a second stage, root coverage by performing coronally advanced flap technique with a follow-up of five years...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
Mauro Pedrine Santamaria, Stephanie Botti Fernandes-Dias, Cassia Fernandes Araújo, Felipe Lucas da Silva Neves, Ingrid Fernandes Mathias, Naira Maria Rebelato Bechara Andere, Maria Aparecida Neves Jardini
BACKGROUND: Periodontal wound healing has been accelerated by different low-level laser therapy (LLLT) protocols. However, just few studies evaluated the use of this therapy as adjunctive for periodontal plastic surgery procedures. The present study shows a 2-year result of connective tissue graft associated with LLLT in the treatment of gingival recession defects. METHODS: Forty patients presenting Miller Class I and II gingival recessions were previously treated by: Connective tissue graft (Control group, n = 20) or Connective tissue graft + LLLT (Test group, n = 20)...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
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