Read by QxMD icon Read

periodontal plastic surgery

L P Zhao, Y L Zhan, W J Hu, H J Wang, Y P Wei, M Zhen, T Xu, Y S Liu
For ideal implant rehabilitation, an adequate bone volume, optical implant position, and stable and healthy soft tissue are required. The reduction of alveolar bone and changes in its morphology subsequent to tooth extraction will result in insufficient amount of bone and adversely affect the ability to optimally place dental implants in edentulous sites. Preservation of alveolar bone volume through ridge preservation has been demonstrated to reduce the vertical and horizontal contraction of the alveolar bone crest after tooth extraction and reduce the need for additional bone augmentation procedures during implant placement...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Paulo S G Henriques, Luciana S Okajima, Marcelo P Nunes, Victor A M Montalli
When lesions in soft tissue reach the gingival margin, they can produce aesthetic defects during its permanence and after its removal. Periodontal plastic surgery allows the correction of the gingival contour using different techniques. This paper is a case report of a peripheral ossifying fibroma removal in the interproximal area of teeth 21 and 22 in addition to root coverage of the affected area through two surgical phases: keratinized gingival tissue augmentation surgery with free gingival graft concurrent with removal of the lesion and, in a second stage, root coverage by performing coronally advanced flap technique with a follow-up of five years...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
Mauro Pedrine Santamaria, Stephanie Botti Fernandes-Dias, Cassia Fernandes Araújo, Felipe Lucas da Silva Neves, Ingrid Fernandes Mathias, Naira Maria Rebelato Bechara Andere, Maria Aparecida Neves Jardini
BACKGROUND: Periodontal wound healing has been accelerated by different low-level laser therapy (LLLT) protocols. However, just few studies evaluated the use of this therapy as adjunctive for periodontal plastic surgery procedures. The present study shows a 2-year result of connective tissue graft associated with LLLT in the treatment of gingival recession defects. METHODS: Forty patients presenting Miller Class I and II gingival recessions were previously treated by: Connective tissue graft (Control group, n = 20) or Connective tissue graft + LLLT (Test group, n = 20)...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
B V Karthikeyan, Divya Khanna, Kamedh Yashawant Chowdhary, M Lv Prabhuji
Harmony between hard and soft tissue morphologies is essential for form, function, and a good esthetic outlook. Replacement grafts for correction of soft tissue defects around the teeth have become important to periodontal plastic and implant surgical procedures. Among a multitude of surgical techniques and graft materials reported in literature, the subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG) has gained wide popularity and acceptance. The purpose of this article is to acquaint clinicians with the current understanding of the versatile SCTG...
November 2016: General Dentistry
Ana B Castro, Nastaran Meschi, Andy Temmerman, Nelson Pinto, Paul Lambrechts, Wim Teughels, Marc Quirynen
AIM: To analyse the regenerative potential of leucocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) during periodontal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic and hand search were conducted in three databases. Only randomized clinical trials were selected and no follow-up limitation was applied. Pocket depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL), bone fill, keratinized tissue width (KTW), recession reduction and root coverage (%) were considered as outcome. When possible, meta-analysis was performed...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Raffaele Acunzo, Enrico Limiroli, Giorgio Pagni, Adele Dudaite, Dario Consonni, Giulio Rasperini
BACKGROUND: Oscillating-rotating power toothbrushes have been proven to be clinically efficacious. To the best of the authors' knowledge, a clinical evaluation of the safety of these toothbrushes after surgical root coverage procedures has not been published. The aim of this study is to evaluate the gingival margin (GM) stability with the use of an oscillating-rotating toothbrush compared with a manual toothbrush. METHODS: Sixty healthy individuals with at least one Miller Class I or II gingival recession underwent a surgical root coverage procedure...
October 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Ardeshir Ranjbari, Gholam Ali Gholami, Reza Amid, Mahdi Kadkhodazadeh, Navid Youssefi, Amir Reza Mehdizadeh, Maryam Aghaloo
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Gingival recession has been considered as the most challenging issue in the field of periodontal plastic surgery. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of root coverage procedures by using partial thickness double pedicle graft and compare it with full thickness double pedicle graft. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Eight patients, aged 15 to 58 years including 6 females and 2 males with 20 paired (mirror image) defects with class I and II gingival recession were randomly assigned into two groups...
September 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Ahmet Akgül, Musa Cirak, Tansu Birinci
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous concentrated preparation of human platelets contained in a small volume of plasma that is characterized by hemostatic and tissue-repairing effects. Being enriched by various kinds of growth factors, and their tissue-repairing effects have made them the focus of attention for use in tissue regeneration. PRP has been safely used and documented in many different fields, including orthopedics, sports injuries, dental and periodontal surgery, and cosmetic, plastic, cardiovascular, general, and maxillofacial surgery...
December 2016: Lymphatic Research and Biology
Chih-Chun Mei, Fu-Ying Lee, Hwey-Chin Yeh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patients' pain perception following periodontal or implant surgery and to explore risk factors associated with post-surgical pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing periodontal or implant surgery were recruited. Post-surgical pain perception was evaluated by a numeric rating scale (NRS, 1-10) after 1 week. Self-reported durations of pain (DOP) and of swelling (DOS), and consumption of prescriptions were also recorded. Demographic and surgical variables were compared between the groups of mild (MP) and moderate-to-severe post-surgical pain (SP)...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Avita Rath, Smrithi Varma, Renny Paul
Introduction. Gingival recession is an apical shift of the gingival margin with exposure of the root surface. This migration of the marginal tissue leads to esthetic concerns, dentin hypersensitivity, root caries, and cervical wear. It is, paradoxically, a common finding in patients with a high standard of oral hygiene, as well as in periodontally untreated populations with poor oral hygiene. Changing the topography of the marginal soft tissue in order to facilitate plaque control is a common indication for root coverage procedures and forms a major aspect of periodontal plastic surgeries...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
Vincent Ronco, Michel Dard
This paper describes a novel suturing approach that achieves harmonious and atraumatic soft tissue displacement in periodontal plastic surgery and soft tissue management around implants. The technique relies on a combination of horizontal and vertical mattress that are anchored at the splinted incisal contact points.
August 2016: Clinical Case Reports
Francesco Cairo, Umberto Pagliaro, Jacopo Buti, Michela Baccini, Filippo Graziani, Paolo Tonelli, Gabriella Pagavino, Maurizio S Tonetti
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review (SR) of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to explore if periodontal plastic surgery procedures for the treatment of single and multiple gingival recessions (Rec) may improve aesthetics at patient and professional levels. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In order to combine evidence from direct and indirect comparisons by different trials a Bayesian network meta-analysis (BNM) was planned. A literature search on PubMed, Cochrane libraries, EMBASE, and hand-searched journals until January 2016 was conducted to identify RCTs presenting aesthetic outcomes after root coverage using standardized evaluations at patient and professional level...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Mark I Ryder, Gary C Armitage
There remains a high prevalence of mild-to-moderate forms of periodontal diseases in both developed and developing countries. Although many periodontal specialty practices currently place strong emphasis on implant surgery, periodontal plastic surgery and esthetics, general dentists and hygienists have often assumed more responsibility than periodontal specialty practices for the diagnosis, treatment, assessment and maintenance, and possible referral, of their patients. To address these current trends and challenges, this volume of Periodontology 2000 presents a series of topics on the basic biological principles of periodontal disease, as well as on approaches to diagnosis, treatment planning and treatment, in what is called 'conservative' or 'noninvasive' periodontal therapy...
June 2016: Periodontology 2000
Sarvesh Agrawal, Nidhin Philip Jose, Rohan S Bandi, Nimit Jain, Shobha J Rodrigues
Adult orthodontics has been an area of increasing focus in recent times. Comprehensive treatment of adults is more challenging due to a myriad of problems that coexist in an adult that makes treatment planning more challenging. A large number of individuals seek dental care because of aesthetic reasons, that is, the desire to look more attractive by improving their smiles. The role an attractive smile plays on a person's self-image and confidence cannot be overemphasized. Evaluating and treating patients for the purpose of smile design often involves a multi-discipline approach...
2015: International Journal of Orthodontics
Mohsen Ramazani, Saeed Asgary, Nafiseh Zarenejad, Javad Mehrani
For management of a symptomatic maxillary lateral incisor with dull pain on chewing, suppurative sinus tract, defective metal-ceramic crown and iatrogenic internal root resorption, an interdisciplinary approach was taken. Two-visit nonsurgical treatment with calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) cement, replacement of metal-ceramic crown with all-ceramic crown and corrective periodontal plastic surgery were included in the treatment plan. Six-month and one-year follow-ups revealed complete resolution of signs and symptoms and radiographic healing...
2016: Iranian Endodontic Journal
Esra Baltacıoğlu, Yavuz Tolga Korkmaz, Fatih Mehmet Korkmaz, Nilsun Bağış
OBJECTIVE: In this study, 12-month follow-up clinical results of a combined peri-implant plastic surgery approach for hard and soft tissue augmentation in implant rehabilitation in the esthetic zone are presented. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Ten individuals who required extraction due to severe periodontal destruction in the maxillary and mandibular area were included in the study. Implant surgery was performed in the same session as the combined peri-implant plastic surgeries, which involved guided bone regeneration and free periosteal grafts...
April 2016: Quintessence International
G de de Quincey, J A D Padmos, A M Renkema
Periodontal plastic surgery is defined as the set of surgical procedures that are performed to prevent or correct developmental disorders and anatomical, traumatic and pathological abnormalities of the gingiva, alveolar mucosa, and alveolar bone. Root coverage procedures fall under this term and have been applied for more than fifty years with varying degrees of success. There are several indications for the treatment of gingival recessions. When the treatment of choice - a conservative approach - offers no solace (any more), gingival recessions can be treated by applying periodontal plastic surgery...
November 2015: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
M A Atieh, N Alsabeeha, A Tawse-Smith, A G T Payne
Several clinical trials describe the effectiveness of xenogeneic collagen matrix (XCM) as an alternative option to surgical mucogingival procedures for the treatment of marginal tissue recession and augmentation of insufficient zones of keratinized tissue (KT). The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the clinical and patient-centred outcomes of XCM compared to other mucogingival procedures. Applying guidelines of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta analyses statement, randomized controlled trials were searched for in electronic databases and complemented by hand searching...
August 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
B V V Srinivas, N Rupa, K V Halini Kumari, A Rajender, M Narendra Reddy
Periodontal plastic surgery is the branch of periodontology that is focused mainly on the correction or elimination of mucogingival problems associated with lack of attached gingiva, a shallow vestibule and aberrant frenum. Various mucogingival surgical procedures are used to halt the progression of the gingival recession and to correct poor esthetic appearance. Free gingival autograft is one of the most common techniques used for a gingival recession in areas of inadequate attached gingiva in the mandibular anterior region...
August 2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Anamika Sharma, Komal Yadav
BACKGROUND: Periodontal plastic surgical procedures aimed at coverage of exposed root surface. Owing to the second surgical donor site and difficulty in procuring a sufficient graft for the treatment of root coverage procedures, various alternative additive membranes have been used. A recent resorbable amniotic membrane, not only maintains the structural and anatomical configuration of regenerated tissues, but also enhances gingival wound healing, provides a rich source of stem cells...
July 2015: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"