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ocular surface disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784164/serum-drops-for-ocular-surface-disease-national-survey-of-canadian-cornea-specialists
#1
Michael Marchand, Mona Harissi-Dagher, Marc Germain, Paul Thompson, Marie-Claude Robert
OBJECTIVE: To review the use and preparation of serum drops for the treatment of ocular surface disease in Canada and to assess the need for an improved access to this therapy. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Cornea specialist members of the Canadian Ophthalmological Society and Canadian laboratories preparing serum tears. METHODS: A confidential survey was emailed to participants in April 2016 and continued through September 2016...
June 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781834/ocular-findings-in-exfoliation-syndrome
#2
Robert Ritch
Exfoliation syndrome (XFS) is characterized by numerous ocular manifestations, the most important of these being glaucoma and cataract. Its ocular manifestations affect all of the structures of the anterior segment as well as conjunctiva and orbital structures. Exfoliation material is seen most prominently as characteristic white deposits on the anterior surface of the lens and the pupillary border of the iris. Both open-angle and angle-closure glaucoma are intimately associated with XFS. Other findings include zonular disruption, iris sphincter fibrosis, keratopathy, ocular surface disease, and retinal vein occlusion...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780956/bilateral-corneal-denting-after-surgery-under-general-anesthesia-a-case-report
#3
Satsuki Obata, Akiko Miki, Hisanori Imai, Makoto Nakamura
Purpose: To report a case of temporary bilateral corneal denting in a patient who underwent cardiovascular surgery under general anesthesia. Observations: A 71-year-old male with no history of ophthalmological disease experienced bilateral corneal denting immediately after undergoing surgery for aneurysm of the thoracic aorta under general anesthesia. Anesthesia was induced with propofol and maintained with rocuronium bromide and remifentanil hydrochloride. The initial examination revealed significant denting on the surface of both the corneas and ocular hypotension...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780948/adrenocorticotropic-hormone-analogue-as-novel-treatment-regimen-in-ocular-cicatricial-pemphigoid
#4
Yael Sharon, David S Chu
Purpose: To report the clinical outcome of a patient with ocular cicatricial pemphigoid, treated with adrenocorticotropic hormone gel. Observations: A 75-year-old female with a biopsy proven ocular cicatricial pemphigoid (OCP) presented with bilateral conjunctival inflammation, fornix shortening, subepithelial fibrosis and corneal scarring. The patient was previously treated with topical steroids, topical cyclosporine and lubricating drops, and had undergone several amniotic membrane transplants due to recurrent corneal erosions...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774506/therapeutic-potential-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-derived-exosomes-in-the-treatment-of-eye-diseases
#5
C Randall Harrell, Bojana Simovic Markovic, Crissy Fellabaum, Aleksandar Arsenijevic, Valentin Djonov, Nebojsa Arsenijevic, Vladislav Volarevic
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were, due to their immunomodulatory and pro-angiogenic characteristics, extensively explored as new therapeutic agents in cell-based therapy of uveitis, glaucoma, retinal and ocular surface diseases.Since it was recently revealed that exosomes play an important role in biological functions of MSCs, herewith we summarized current knowledge about the morphology, structure, phenotype and functional characteristics of MSC-derived exosomes emphasizing their therapeutic potential in the treatment of eye diseases...
May 18, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773311/-corneal-endothelial-cell-therapy-a-review
#6
REVIEW
V Kocaba, O Damour, C Auxenfans, C Burillon
In France, endothelial dysfunction represents approximately one half of the indications for corneal transplants performed each year. However, the use of endothelial keratoplasty is limited by the technical difficulty of the procedure, a shortage of available grafts, and the potential for graft failure or rejection. These limitations are driving researchers to develop new, less invasive, and more effective therapies. Corneal endothelial cell therapy is being explored as a potential therapeutic measure, to avoid the uncertainty associated with grafting...
May 14, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771886/-effects-of-artificial-tears-on-ocular-surface-in-glaucomatous-patients-with-long-term-instillation-of-preserved-antiglaucoma-eye-drops
#7
N V Makashova, A E Vasilieva, O Yu Kolosova
PURPOSE: To study the effects of long-term instillation of 0.18% sodium hyaluronate artificial tears VISMED multi on ocular surface in glaucomatous patients with long-term instillation of preserved anti-glaucoma drops. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 79 patients (40 female and 39 male; 79 eyes in total) with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) divided into 3 groups according to disease stage: mild or early (stage I) glaucoma - 15 patients (15 eyes), moderate (stage II) glaucoma - 30 patients (30 eyes), advanced or severe (stage III) glaucoma - 34 patients (34 eyes)...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769121/anxiety-and-depression-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Yafei Cui, Ling Xia, Lin Li, Qian Zhao, Shengnan Chen, Zhifeng Gu
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of anxiety and depression is high in people with Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). However, there are currently no known reported studies about anxiety/depression in pSS patients from China. Our aim was to compare anxiety/depression in pSS patients and healthy controls; to investigate the prevalence of anxiety and/or depression among pSS patients in China; to evaluate its relationship with the disease activity, fatigue, pain, education, ocular surface disease, oral health, swallowing disorders, employment status, European League Against Rheumatism Sjögren's Syndrome Patient Reported Index(ESSPRI) as well as to analyze potential determinants of anxiety and depression...
May 16, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765198/management-of-post-lasik-dry-eye-a-multicenter-randomized-comparison-of-a-new-multi-ingredient-artificial-tear-to-carboxymethylcellulose
#9
Avi Wallerstein, W Bruce Jackson, Jeffrey Chambers, Amir M Moezzi, Hugh Lin, Peter A Simmons
Purpose: To compare the efficacy and safety of a preservative-free, multi-ingredient formulation of carboxymethylcellulose 0.5%, hyaluronic acid 0.1%, and organic osmolytes (CMC-HA), to preservative-free carboxymethylcellulose 0.5% (CMC) in the management of postoperative signs and symptoms of dry eye following laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Methods: This was a double-masked, randomized, parallel-group study conducted in 14 clinical centers in Canada and Australia...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763694/corneal-fluorescein-staining-and-ocular-symptoms-but-not-schirmer-test-are-useful-as-indicators-of-response-to-treatment-in-chronic-ocular-gvhd
#10
Francisco Amparo, Hasanain Shikari, Ujwala Saboo, Reza Dana
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term ocular surface clinical signs and symptoms response to therapy in patients with chronic ocular GVHD. METHODS: Retrospective review and data modeling. We reviewed the records of post-bone marrow transplantation patients who were newly diagnosed with ocular GVHD and initiated therapy, and analyzed changes in symptoms (Ocular Surface Disease Index [OSDI]; Symptom Assessment in Dry Eye [SANDE]) and signs (corneal fluorescein staining [CFS]; Schirmer test)...
May 12, 2018: Ocular Surface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762330/management-of-severe-cicatricial-entropion-with-labial-mucous-membrane-graft-in-cicatricial-ocular-surface-disorders
#11
Tammy H Osaki, Ana Estela Sant'Anna, Midori H Osaki, Don O Kikkawa, Cristina Yabumoto, Patrick Yang, Bobby S Korn
The management of cicatricial entropion represents a therapeutic challenge especially when the underlying causes are progressive cicatricial diseases that affect the ocular surface. The authors aimed to report long-term efficacy of labial mucous membrane graft to manage severe cicatricial entropion of the upper eyelid. This study is a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent tarsotomy associated with labial mucous membrane graft to treat severe cicatricial entropion of the upper eyelid. Surgeries were performed over a 16-year period...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760570/plasma-rich-in-growth-factors-eye-drops-to-treat-secondary-ocular-surface-disorders-in-patients-with-glaucoma
#12
Ronald M Sánchez-Avila, Jesus Merayo-Lloves, Maria Laura Fernández, Luis Alberto Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, Pedro Pablo Rodríguez-Calvo, Andres Fernández-Vega Cueto, Francisco Muruzabal, Gorka Orive, Eduardo Anitua
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) eye drops in patients with glaucoma with secondary ocular surface disorders (OSDs) due to surgeries and topical hypotensive drugs use. Materials and methods: A retrospective case-series study design was used including six patients (eight eyes) diagnosed with glaucoma who received surgical (nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy and/or trabeculectomy) and medical treatments (hypotensive eye drops) to control intraocular pressure (IOP) and who developed secondary OSDs, unresponsive to conventional treatments...
2018: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757849/ocular-surface-findings-in-patients-with-lichen-planopilaris
#13
Mehdi Gheisari, Sahar Dadkhahfar, Kaveh Fadakar, Reza Mahmoud Robati, Hamideh Moravvej, Mohammad Soleimani, Reza Mirshahi
PURPOSE: Lichen planopilaris (LPP) is a chronic lymphocytic- mediated disorder that selectively involves hair follicles, leading to cicatricial alopecia. The eyelash follicle and meibomian gland (MG) might also be involved in the disease process leading to ocular surface problems. METHODS: In this Cross-sectional case -control study, twenty-three patients with histologically confirmed LPP and 23 healthy controls were recruited in this controlled study. To quantify the signs and symptoms of LPP, we used the Lichen Planopilaris Activity Index...
May 10, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755817/comparison-of-electrocoagulation-and-conventional-medical-drops-for-treatment-of-conjunctivochalasis-short-term-results
#14
Mehtap Çağlayan, Pınar Kösekahya, Canan Gürdal, Özge Saraç
Objectives: To compare the effectiveness of electrocoagulation and conventional medical drops for treatment of conjunctivochalasis using anterior segment-optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). Materials and Methods: Forty eyes of 20 patients with bilateral conjunctivochalasis were included in this prospective study. Twenty eyes of 10 patients were assigned to Group 1 and underwent electrocoagulation. The other 20 eyes of 10 patients were assigned to Group 2 and received conventional medical treatment consisting of non-steroidal antiinflammatory drop (topical 0...
April 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754511/-new-international-consensus-statement-about-the-definition-classification-ethiology-diagnostics-and-therapy-of-dry-eye-tfos-dews-ii
#15
András Berta, Edit Tóth-Molnár, Adrienne Csutak
Ten years have passed since the publication of the DEWS Report that summarized the information based on scientific literature concerning dry eye disease. Hundreds of papers have been published since then and time has come for a new summary. Organized by the Tear Film & Ocular Surface Society, 12 working groups summerized former and recent data. The DEWS II Report was created. The authors of the present publication summarize the most important changes in definition, classification, diagnostics, and therapy concerning dry eye disease...
May 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749567/ocular-surface-squamous-neoplasia-analysis-based-on-the-8th-american-joint-committee-on-cancer-classification
#16
Swati Singh, Ashik Mohamed, Swathi Kaliki
PURPOSE: To evaluate outcomes of ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) based on American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC), 8th edition classification. METHODS: Retrospective, non-randomized interventional case series of 127 patients (136 eyes) with OSSN. RESULTS: On the basis of the AJCC (eighth edition), OSSN was classified as per T category as Tis (n = 14, 10%), T1 (n = 0), T2 (n = 4, 3%), T3 (n = 113, 83%), and T4 (n = 5, 4%)...
May 10, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747372/-research-progress-on-the-role-of-nlrp3-inflammasome-in-ocular-diseases
#17
Z X Gu, Y Zhang, Z X Dou, S Z Zhao
Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor pyrin domain containing-3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is a type of multi-protein complex within the cell, the activation of which promotes the release of bioactive interleukin(IL)-1β and IL-18 and contributes to inflammatory progress. In recent years, the research on the role of NLRP3 inflammasome in the pathogenesis and development of ocular surface and fundus diseases has made considerable progress. This review summarizes current understanding in the structure, ocular expression, and mechanisms of activation of NLRP3 inflammasome, as well as the contribution of this protein complex to eye diseases, thereby revealing the theoretical possibility that NLRP3 inflammasome might serve as a novel therapeutic target for the related ocular diseases...
May 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742012/simultaneous-ipsilateral-transconjunctival-repair-of-upper-and-lower-eyelid-retraction-in-thyroid-associated-ophthalmopathy
#18
Nahyoung Grace Lee, Larissa Habib, Jonathan Hall, Suzanne K Freitag
PURPOSE: To report a simple, highly effective technique of simultaneous transconjunctival repair of upper and lower eyelid retraction in patients with thyroid eye disease (TED). METHODS: A retrospective interventional case review was conducted on 22 eyes of 19 TED patients. The lower eyelid was recessed with placement of a tarsoconjunctival spacer graft harvested from the upper eyelid. The upper eyelid was then recessed through the conjunctival incision used to harvest the tarsal graft...
May 9, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737972/a-systematic-review-of-patient-reported-outcomes-for-surgically-amenable-epiphora
#19
Christopher B Schulz, Alasdair Kennedy, Simon Rogers
PURPOSE: In evaluating epiphora and its management, the bottom line for all stakeholders is whether an intervention confers any real benefit on quality of life. A review was conducted to identify and appraise patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) in surgically amenable epiphora. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted of studies relating to surgical intervention for epiphora. Patient-reported outcome measures were identified and assessed against standard criteria...
May 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736322/oral-omega-3-supplementation-lowers-intraocular-pressure-in-normotensive-adults
#20
Laura Elizabeth Downie, Algis Jonas Vingrys
Purpose: Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is the major modifiable risk factor for the sight-threatening eye disease, glaucoma. We investigated whether oral omega-3 supplements affect IOP in normotensive adults. Methods: We undertook a pooled analysis of data from two double-masked, placebo-controlled randomized trials (Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry, ACTRN12614001019695, ACTRN12615000173594) that investigated the efficacy and safety of oral omega-3 supplementation for treating ocular surface inflammation...
May 2018: Translational Vision Science & Technology
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