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aortic surgery endocarditis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713024/to-retrieve-or-not-to-retrieve-system-revisions-with-the-micra-transcatheter-pacemaker
#1
Eric Grubman, Philippe Ritter, Christopher R Ellis, Michael Giocondo, Ralph Augostini, Petr Neuzil, Bipin Ravindran, Anshul M Patel, Pamela Omdahl, Karen Pieper, Kurt Stromberg, J Harrison Hudnall, Dwight Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Early experience with leadless pacemakers has shown a low rate of complications. However, little is known about system revision in patients with these devices. OBJECTIVE: To describe the system revision experience with the Micra Transcatheter Pacing System (TPS). METHODS: Implanted patients from the Micra TPS and the Micra Continued Access study (N = 989) were analyzed and compared to 2667 patients with transvenous pacemakers (TVP)...
July 13, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711529/initial-treatment-strategy-for-intracranial-mycotic-aneurysms-two-case-reports-and-literature-review
#2
Makoto Ohtake, Kensuke Tateishi, Naoki Ikegaya, Junya Iwata, Shoji Yamanaka, Hidetoshi Murata
BACKGROUND: Intracranial mycotic aneurysm (IMA) is a rare neurovascular disease and a well-known complication following infective endocarditis. IMAs potentially carry a high mortality risk due to intracranial hemorrhage. Therefore, initial treatment is crucial for IMA patients, but an optimal treatment strategy remains unknown. Herein, we report two cases of IMA patients treated with the current usual modalities, and we provide a comprehensive literature review to propose an optimal initial treatment strategy for IMAs...
July 12, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707745/survival-of-the-fetus-during-maternal-thoracotomy-under-cardiopulmonary-bypass-for-infective-endocarditis
#3
Li Luo, Qiulei Sun, Liping Chen, Demei Ying, Xiaohua Wu, Zhengqiong Chen
Infective endocarditis (IE) during pregnancy is a rare but serious condition. Cardiopulmonary bypass during pregnancy has a high rate of fetal morbidity and mortality. We here report the case of a 22-year-old pregnant woman with confirmed IE. Multiple large cardiac valve vegetations, severe aortic valve regurgitation, and hemodynamic compromise were observed. With full implementation of fetal monitoring and protection strategies, open heart surgery was performed at 31.4 weeks' gestation to aid survival, followed by an elective cesarean delivery at 34...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689527/dual-infection-by-burkholderia-cepaciaand-pseudomonas-putida-in-an-infective-endocarditis-case
#4
Maria Khan, Farida Khurram Lalani, Aamer Ikram, Gohar Zaman, Parvez Ahmed
Infective endocarditis is rarely caused by Burkholderia cepacia. Pseudomonas putidahas not been reported to cause infective endocarditis so far. This is the first case of infective endocarditis being reported, that is caused by Pseudomonas putidaand Burkholderia cepaciain an immunocompetent host with no predisposing factors. Aortic valve replacement surgery was carried out and antibiotics were given, to which the patient responded well and recovered.
June 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688312/total-proximal-anastomosis-detachment-after-classical-bentall-procedure
#5
Aref Rashed, Karoly Gombocz, Andras Vigh, Nasri Alotti
INTRODUCTION: Since its introduction in 1968, the Bentall procedure has been the primary surgical solution for aneurysms of the aortic root. However, many surgeons have reported serious procedural complications such as detachment of coronary ostia and pseudoaneurysm formation at anastomosis sites. Therefore, the Bentall procedure has undergone several modifications to eliminate those complications. Partial or total detachment of the proximal anastomosis is rarely reported. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a total detachment of the proximal anastomosis after a Bentall operation with emphasis on the possible practical mechanisms, which might have led to the development of this very rare complication...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683983/sutureless-sorin-perceval-aortic-valve-implantation
#6
Steffen Pfeiffer, Theodor Fischlein, Giuseppe Santarpino
The sutureless Perceval aortic valve (Sorin Group, Saluggia, Italy) is a device increasingly used in many European cardiac surgery centers. Since the first reports evaluating implantation feasibility and valve safety in humans in 2007, an increasing amount of data have become available, including premarketing clinical results and experience in particular conditions. Overall, excellent performances have been demonstrated in hemodynamic outcomes, safety, and versatility of use. However, several questions remain unanswered, especially regarding long-term durability, risk for endocarditis, and the need for postoperative pacemaker implantation...
April 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683904/surgery-for-diseases-of-the-aortic-root
#7
REVIEW
Robbin G Cohen, Ramsey S Elsayed, Michael E Bowdish
The aortic root is the junction between the heart and aorta, containing the aortic valve and the coronary artery ostia. Various pathologic conditions arise in this region requiring complex surgical correction. These include aneurysmal dilatation with and without aortic regurgitation, acute aortic dissection extending below the sinotubular junction, and infective endocarditis with valve and periannular destruction. Multiple strategies for correction of these complex surgical issues exist, with excellent early results and long-term survival...
August 2017: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674620/risk-and-outcomes-of-aortic-valve-endocarditis-among-patients-with-bicuspid-and-tricuspid-aortic-valves
#8
Yuka Kiyota, Alessandro Della Corte, Vanessa Montiero Vieira, Karam Habchi, Chuan-Chin Huang, Ester E Della Ratta, Thoralf M Sundt, Prem Shekar, Jochen D Muehlschlegel, Simon C Body
OBJECTIVE: Patients with structural abnormalities of cardiac valves, including bicuspid aortic valve (BAV), are said to be at higher risk of infective endocarditis (IE). We sought to determine the risk of IE of the BAV compared with the tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) and to determine the risk of aortic valve replacement and mortality after IE. METHODS: From medical records of two US and one Italian hospitals, patients with their first episode of IE of any native valve were identified...
2017: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671806/valvular-heart-disease-in-adults-management-of-prosthetic-heart-valves
#9
John F Trujillo, Steven M Hollenberg
Patients undergoing cardiac valve replacement may receive mechanical or bioprosthetic valves. Mechanical valves require lifelong anticoagulation but are durable and the need for a second surgery is up to eightfold times less than with bioprosthetic valves. Bioprosthetic valves do not require lifelong anticoagulation and thus are associated with fewer bleeding complications but they are less durable and associated with higher morbidity and mortality rates, particularly in younger patients. Anticoagulation with mechanical valves is achieved using warfarin; use of direct-acting oral anticoagulants is not indicated...
June 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669501/surgical-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-the-united-states-trends-and-propensity-matched-outcomes
#10
Vinay Badhwar, J Scott Rankin, Niv Ad, Maria Grau-Sepulveda, Ralph J Damiano, A Marc Gillinov, Patrick M McCarthy, Vinod H Thourani, Rakesh M Suri, Jeffrey P Jacobs, James L Cox
BACKGROUND: Surgical ablation (SA) for atrial fibrillation (AF) effectively restores sinus rhythm. Incompletely defined risk has previously limited concomitant performance of SA during cardiac operations. The study goals were to define performance trends and risk-adjusted outcomes for contemporary SA. METHODS: From July 2011 to June 2014, 86,941 patients with AF, but without endocarditis, underwent primary nonemergent cardiac operations in The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) database...
August 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655533/a-unique-hybrid-approach-to-complex-re-do-aortic-root-surgery
#11
Fiona Doig, Rishen Naidoo, Vinod Sharma, Peter Tesar
BACKGROUND: We present the case of a 23-year-old male with ventriculo-aortic dehiscence and a retrosternal false aneurysm communicating to the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) and ascending aorta. His history included aortic valve replacement (AVR) and mitral valve (MV) repair remotely, followed by two further operations for endocarditis and aortic root abscess. METHODS: The risk associated with the redo surgery required detailed planning and innovative techniques to allow it to be performed safely...
June 1, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652669/early-postoperative-paravalvular-leak-among-egyptian-population-an-observational-study
#12
Noha Hassanin, Yasser Sharaf, Waleed Ammar, Amr Y H Sayed
OBJECTIVES: Several reports described the incidence of postoperative paravalvular leakage (PVL) early after valve replacement surgery, however, there is a paucity of data regarding the outcomes and complications correlated to the severity of PVL. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the incidence, causes, and short term outcome of early postoperative PVL. METHODS: Data were collected from patients presenting to the cardiovascular department at Cairo University Hospital for aortic and/or mitral valve replacement surgery from May 2014 to May 2015...
July 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638578/a-rare-case-of-aerococcus-urinae-infective-endocarditis
#13
Harsha Tathireddy, Sahitya Settypalli, John J Farrell
Introduction:Aerococcus urinae is a rare cause of infective endocarditis. Aerococcus is a gram positive cocci that is easily misidentified as Staphylococci or Streptococci. The true incidence rate of this pathogen is likely underestimated. Recent advances in laboratory diagnostic methods with matrix-associated laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) have lead to increased recognition of this pathogen in the clinical microbiology lab, and awareness as a cause of infective endocarditis in the infectious disease community...
March 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631767/-conservative-treatment-of-a-pseudoaneurysm-of-the-mitral-aortic-intervalvular-fibrosa-9-years-of-follow-up
#14
Domenico Riccardo Rosario Chieppa, Antonio Davide Scardigno, Giovanni Deluca, Saverio Capodivento, Nicola Quinto, Mariangela Cicala
Pseudoaneurysm of the mitral-aortic intervalvular fibrosa (MAIVF-P) is one of the rare complications of endocarditis or, more rarely, of surgical trauma. This condition is characterized by a pseudoaneurysm in the intra-annular area between the mitral valve and the aortic valve communicating with the outflow tract of the left ventricle, between the coronary or noncoronary left aortic valve and the front flap of the mitral valve. Nowadays, surgery is recommended to avoid further growth and complications. We hereby describe the case of a patient with MAIVF-P as a consequence of a surgical trauma and early appearance of MAIVF-P...
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616299/rupture-of-right-sinus-of-valsalva-aneurysm-protruding-into-the-pulmonary-artery-with-aortic-and-pulmonary-valve-endocarditis
#15
Tae-Eun Jung, Jong-Hyun Baek, Dong-Hyup Lee
Rupture of right sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (SVA) protruding into the pulmonary artery with aortic and pulmonary valve endocarditis is rare. A 42-year-old man was admitted with fever and dyspnea. He was diagnosed with right sinus of Valsalva rupture with ventricular septal defect (VSD) and vegetation on both aortic and pulmonary valves. Dual exposure technique was performed. The base of the aneurysm sac was closed off, and, together with the VSD, was covered by a Gore-Tex patch. Aortic and pulmonary valves were replaced with mechanical valves...
May 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611348/early-detection-of-subclinical-aortic-valve-endocarditis-with-the-cardiomems-heart-failure-system
#16
Sinan Sarsam, Georgy Kaspar, Shukri David, Marcel Zughaib
BACKGROUND The CardioMEMS Heart Failure System is a well validated tool to optimize management of systolic and diastolic heart failure and has been shown to reduce the risk of hospitalization by 37%. We are reporting a unique case of acute aortic valve insufficiency as a first sign of endocarditis, detected early in a patient with the CardioMEMS device. CASE REPORT A 79-year-old man with dual bioprosthetic mitral and aortic valve replacement and non-ischemic cardiomyopathy had a CardioMEMS Heart Failure System implanted 2 months following valve replacement surgery...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607777/type-a-quadricuspid-aortic-valve-infective-endocarditis-complicated-by-multiple-aortocardiac-fistulae-case-report-and-brief-literature-review
#17
Amine Ghalem, Mohammed Bachrif, Anass Hbali, Mostapha Beghi, Nabila Ismaili, Noha El Ouafi
Aortocardiac fistulae (ACF) are exceptionally due to infective endocarditis; they are usually congenital, posttraumatic, or complicate aortic dissection. In infective endocarditis setting, their presence should prompt urgent surgery as patients can deteriorate rapidly. We report the case of a 78-year-old female patient with the first ever reported quadricuspid aortic valve infective endocarditis complicated by multiple aortocardiac fistulae. Additionally, we provide a brief review of ACF, in infective endocarditis and quadricuspid aortic valve...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592789/are-sutureless-aortic-valves-suitable-for-severe-high-risk-patients-suffering-from-active-infective-aortic-valve-endocarditis
#18
Alexander Weymann, Johanna Konertz, Michael Laule, Karl Stangl, Pascal M Dohmen
BACKGROUND Sutureless aortic valves were introduced to facilitate minimally invasive aortic valve surgery. Since sutureless aortic valves are a feasible procedure, we evaluated if any benefits could be identified in severe high-risk patients with active infective endocarditis of the aortic valve. MATERIAL AND METHODS Between April 2014 and April 2015, a total of 42 patients received a sutureless Perceval® aortic valve (Sorin Biomedica Cardio Srl, Saluggia, Italy) for different indications. Nine of these patients (median age 71 years, range 47-83 years) suffered from active infective endocarditis, including four patients with prosthetic aortic valve endocarditis...
June 8, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592753/recent-surgical-results-for-active-endocarditis-complicated-with-perivalvular-abscess
#19
Daisuke Yoshioka, Koichi Toda, Jun-Ya Yokoyama, Ryohei Matsuura, Shigeru Miyagawa, Yukitoshi Shirakawa, Toshiki Takahashi, Taichi Sakaguchi, Hirotsugu Fukuda, Yoshiki Sawa
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment for endocarditis patients with a perivalvular abscess is still challenging.Methods and Results:From 2009 to 2016, 470 patients underwent surgery for active endocarditis at 11 hospitals. Of these, 226 patients underwent aortic valve surgery. We compared the clinical results of 162 patients without a perivalvular abscess, 37 patients who required patch reconstruction of the aortic annulus (PR group) and 27 who underwent aortic root replacement (ARR group)...
June 8, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585797/outpatient-parenteral-antimicrobial-therapy-for-infective-endocarditis-in-patients-over-80-years
#20
X Kortajarena, M A Goenaga, M Ibarguren, H Azkune, M J Bustinduy, A Fuertes, O Ibarguren, M Goyeneche, M Garcia
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of infective endocarditis is progressively increasing, especially in elderly patients. Outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy (OPAT) is being an excellent alternative for treatment, but advanced age is one of the relative contraindications. The aim of this study is to compare the characteristics and prognosis of patients less or more than 80 years, treated with OPAT. METHODS: One hundred and ninety four patients were included between 1996 and 2015, 31 of them older than 80 years...
June 6, 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
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