keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

phalange

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748361/case-report-of-a-novel-nonsyndromic-unilateral-syndactyly-of-the-hand
#1
Julius Matthias Weinrich, Waleed Ajabnoor, Peter Bannas
Syndactyly is a cutaneous and/or bony digital malformation with possible webbing of adjacent fingers or toes and uni- or bilateral occurrence. We report an 84-year old woman with a novel non-syndromic congenital malformation of her left hand. Clinical examination showed that she only had four digits. Radiograph of the hand revealed synostosis of the second and third proximal phalanx, resulting in a triangular shaped bone with relatively normal articulations at both ends. The phalangeal base of the fused finger tapers distally and is broader than the middle phalangeal bases of the ring and little finger...
July 26, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742485/a-new-morphological-trait-in-forensic-identification-middle-phalangeal-hair-mph
#2
Kewal Krishan, Tanuj Kanchan
Middle phalangeal hairs (MPH) are present on the dorsal aspect of the middle phalange of the fingers except for the thumb. The MPH have been of interest to anthropologists, human biologists, clinicians, geneticists and anatomists in the past as a morphological trait of the human body. The anthropological value of MPH is well established in studying population variations, with implications for age, ancestry and sex differences. We are of the opinion that MPH may be used significantly for forensic identification purposes along with other morphological characteristics of the human body...
December 1, 2016: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735119/a-case-series-of-pediatric-seymour-fractures-related-to-hoverboards-increasing-trend-with-changing-lifestyle
#3
A E Kattan, F AlShomer, A K Alhujayri, M Alfowzan, K A Murrad, H Alsajjan
BACKGROUND: Several recreational activities such as roller skating, skateboarding, and scooter riding create the risk for hand injuries, which are the fourth most commonly injured body part in relation to their use. Seymour first identified a specific pattern of digit injury as an open fracture affecting the distal phalangeal physis associated with nail avulsion from the eponychial fold. In this article, we report a series of Seymour fractures associated with misuse of the newly emerging recreational/transportation vehicle, the hoverboard...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732535/case-report-rare-skeletal-manifestations-in-a-child-with-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#4
Maulee Hiromi Arambewela, Kamani Danushka Liyanarachchi, Noel P Somasundaram, Aruna S Pallewatte, Gamini L Punchihewa
BACKGROUND: Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is uncommon among children with an incidence of 1:300,000. This diagnosis is often missed in children in contrast to adults where it is detected at a pre symptomatic stage due to routine blood investigations. Etiology of PHPT can be due to adenoma, hyperplasia or rarely carcinoma. CASE PRESENTATION: A 12 year old Sri Lankan girl presented with progressive difficulty in walking since 1 year. On examination she had bilateral genu valgum...
July 21, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720138/plantar-plate-pathology-is-associated-with-erosive-disease-in-the-painful-forefoot-of-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#5
Heidi J Siddle, Richard J Hodgson, Elizabeth M A Hensor, Andrew J Grainger, Anthony C Redmond, Richard J Wakefield, Philip S Helliwell
BACKGROUND: Disease-related foot pathology is recognised to have a significant impact on mobility and functional capacity in the majority of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The forefoot is widely affected and the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints are the most common site of symptoms. The plantar plates are the fibrocartilaginous distal attachments of the plantar fascia inserting into the five proximal phalanges. Together with the transverse metatarsal ligament they prevent splaying of the forefoot and subluxation of the MTP joints...
July 18, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715504/megalosauripus-transjuranicus-ichnosp-nov-a-new-late-jurassic-theropod-ichnotaxon-from-nw-switzerland-and-implications-for-tridactyl-dinosaur-ichnology-and-ichnotaxomy
#6
Novella L Razzolini, Matteo Belvedere, Daniel Marty, Géraldine Paratte, Christel Lovis, Marielle Cattin, Christian A Meyer
A new ichnospecies of a large theropod dinosaur, Megalosauripus transjuranicus, is described from the Reuchenette Formation (Early-Late Kimmeridgian, Late Jurassic) of NW Switzerland. It is based on very well-preserved and morphologically-distinct tracks (impressions) and several trackways, including different preservational types from different tracksites and horizons. All trackways were excavated along federal Highway A16 near Courtedoux (Canton Jura) and systematically documented in the field including orthophotos and laserscans...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712787/untethering-physiolysis-for-delta-phalanx-longitudinally-bracketed-diaphysis-combined-with-free-fat-interposition-graft
#7
H-J Lee, P-T Kim, I-H Jeon, M F Deslivia, S-J Lee, H-J Kim, J-P Yoon
We report the results of physiolysis of the epiphyseal bracket combined with free fat grafting for the treatment of delta phalanx. Thirteen cases (five patients) were included. Mean patient age was 6.6years (range, 4-9). The patients underwent physiolysis in which the epiphyseal bracket was cut and replaced with a free fat graft. The angle between the long axis of the proximal and distal phalanges and the ratio between the width and length of the affected middle phalanx were evaluated on plain radiographs. The range of motion in the fingers was also evaluated...
July 13, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706770/open-globe-injury-with-an-interesting-intra-ocular-foreign-body
#8
Ekjyot Gill, Matthew Shulman, Sid Schechet, Lawson Grumbine
Introduction: Cases of penetrating ocular trauma due to osseous material are limited, so reported incidents are valuable in determining outcomes and proper treatment courses. Case description: We report a case of an open globe injury of the left eye with an intraocular foreign body occurring after a firework exploded in the hand of a 22-year-old man. The patient presented with light perception vision in the injured eye with a full-thickness limbal laceration and dense hyphema obscuring fundoscopy. CT scan revealed a hyperdense foreign body juxtaposed to the lens...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703332/validation-of-biplane-high-speed-fluoroscopy-combined-with-two-different-non-invasive-tracking-methodologies-for-measuring-in-vivo-distal-limb-kinematics-of-the-horse
#9
S M Geiger, E Reich, P Böttcher, S Grund, J Hagen
BACKGROUND: Biplane high-speed fluoroscopy is a new method for gait analysis of the equine distal extremity. This is the first study validating the non-invasive tracking possibilities (Autoscoping and Scientific Rotoscoping) taking equine anatomy into account. OBJECTIVES: To determine the resolution with which Autoscoping and Scientific Rotoscoping depict motion of the equine phalanges in comparison to the invasive gold standard marker-based registration. STUDY DESIGN: Comparative ex vivo study...
July 13, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688798/place-of-the-reposition-flap-in-the-treatment-of-distal-amputations-of-the-fingers
#10
Mohamed Ali Sbai, Mayssa El M'chirgui, Riadh Maalla, Adel Khorbi
PURPOSE: Distal finger amputations pose a therapeutic problem with the distal fragment quality. Reimplantation remains the reference treatment for functional and aesthetic recovery of the hand. The interest of this study is to propose the reposition flap as an alternative to different hedging techniques in the proximal stump, in many situations where revascularization is impossible. It consists in osteosynthesis of the bone fragment and its coverage by a pedicled local flap. METHODS: The technique of reposition flap was evaluated retrospectively between 2003 and 2016 through a study of 13 patients compiled in Nabeul orthopedic department...
June 19, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681688/common-lesions-of-the-distal-end-of-the-third-metacarpal-metatarsal-bone-in-racehorse-catastrophic-breakdown-injuries
#11
Jennifer G Janes, Laura A Kennedy, Katherine S Garrett, Julie B Engiles
Equine catastrophic skeletal breakdown injury is a serious issue within the racing industry, given the impact on equine and human health. The metacarpo- and metatarso-phalangeal (fetlock) joints are common sites of catastrophic injury. However, lesions involving articular cartilage, subchondral bone, and synovium are commonly identified within the fetlock of the contralateral limb; hence, it is imperative that lesions in both limbs are evaluated and characterized during postmortem examination. Bone and articular cartilage changes typically occur in specific locations, related to cyclic fetlock load and overextension during high-speed exercise...
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681462/sex-determination-according-to-the-lengths-of-hand-bones-in-rhesus-macaques-macaca-mulatta
#12
Huaxiang Tian, Xiaojin Zhao, Fengxia Hu, Haiyang Hu
Measurement of hand bone length has been used for sex determination in humans and non-human primates (El-Morsi et al., 2013; McFadden and Bracht, 2005). The aim of this study was to determine the sex of rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) on the basis of the lengths of corresponding rows of metacarpals and phalanges in a macaque population by means of developing discriminant functions. Measurements on direct dry bones only included lengths for 19 bones of the left hand in 39 macaques (consisting of 13 adult males and 26 adult females)...
July 6, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680452/vertical-leaping-mechanics-of-the-lesser-egyptian-jerboa-reveal-specialization-for-maneuverability-rather-than-elastic-energy-storage
#13
Talia Y Moore, Alberto M Rivera, Andrew A Biewener
BACKGROUND: Numerous historical descriptions of the Lesser Egyptian jerboa, Jaculus jaculus, a small bipedal mammal with elongate hindlimbs, make special note of their extraordinary leaping ability. We observed jerboa locomotion in a laboratory setting and performed inverse dynamics analysis to understand how this small rodent generates such impressive leaps. We combined kinematic data from video, kinetic data from a force platform, and morphometric data from dissections to calculate the relative contributions of each hindlimb muscle and tendon to the total movement...
2017: Frontiers in Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673103/a-method-of-treating-comminuted-phalangeal-fractures-by-ligamentotaxis-using-a-single-kirschner-wire
#14
C Rex, K Patel, K M Sandeep
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660074/treatment-of-hallux-valgus-deformity
#15
Lukas Fraissler, Christian Konrads, Maik Hoberg, Maximilian Rudert, Matthias Walcher
Hallux valgus deformity is a very common pathological condition which commonly produces painful disability. It is characterised as a combined deformity with a malpositioning of the first metatarsophalangeal joint caused by a lateral deviation of the great toe and a medial deviation of the first metatarsal bone.Taking the patient's history and a thorough physical examination are important steps. Anteroposterior and lateral weight-bearing radiographs of the entire foot are crucial for adequate assessment in the treatment of hallux valgus...
August 2016: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654792/age-related-plantar-centre-of-pressure-trajectory-changes-during-barefoot-walking
#16
Gisela Sole, Todd Pataky, Christopher C Sole, Leigh Hale, Stephan Milosavljevic
Plantar centre of pressure (COP) variables during gait have been used to predict risk of injury, or consequences thereof. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of age on the COP trajectory during barefoot gait at a self-selected speed. 287 participants (aged 18-80year, 163 women) walked barefoot at self-selected speed across a Footscan(®) force platform, completing five trials for each side. COP trajectories were extracted and trajectory-level canonical correlation analysis was used to test their correlation with age...
June 21, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653179/tree-of-vater-pacinian-corpuscles-in-the-human-finger-and-thumb-a-comparison-between-the-late-fetal-stage-and-old-age
#17
Komei Kobayashi, Kwang Ho Cho, Masahito Yamamoto, Keisuke Mitomo, Gen Murakami, Hiroshi Abe, Shinichi Abe
Using histological sections of 12 hands from 12 human fetuses at 20-34 weeks of gestation (150-290 mm) and 14 fingers (index and small) from seven donated cadavers of elderly individuals (aged 78-95 years), we compared the features of Vater-Pacinian corpuscles between these two stages of life. Corpuscles with thin, tightly packed lamellae appeared to undergo a change to thick, loosely packed lamellae at 23-32 weeks. The typical fetal corpuscle had two parts: (1) a rod-like proximal part (0.2-0.6 mm in length) extending along the proximodistal axis of the finger, and (2) a distal end (0...
June 26, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649466/the-venice-specimen-of-ouranosaurus-nigeriensis-dinosauria-ornithopoda
#18
Filippo Bertozzo, Fabio Marco Dalla Vecchia, Matteo Fabbri
Ouranosaurus nigeriensis is an iconic African dinosaur taxon that has been described on the basis of two nearly complete skeletons from the Lower Cretaceous Gadoufaoua locality of the Ténéré desert in Niger. The entire holotype and a few bones attributed to the paratype formed the basis of the original description by Taquet (1976). A mounted skeleton that appears to correspond to O. nigeriensis has been on public display since 1975, exhibited at the Natural History Museum of Venice. It was never explicitly reported whether the Venice specimen represents a paratype and therefore, the second nearly complete skeleton reported in literature or a third unreported skeleton...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636299/-sprain-of-the-thumb-metacarpal-phalangeal-with-lesion-of-the-ulnar-collateral-ligament
#19
Thibault Poujade, Grégoire Chick
The sprain of the thumb metacarpal-phalangeal joint must be treated in an adapted way in order to avoid chronic laxity. The comparative and bilateral clinical exam is the main element that will allow to detect laxity. In the case of non laxity, a conservative treatment with a splint makes sense. In the case of laxity with Stener effect, a surgical procedure is recommended in order to reintegrate the collateral ligament. In the case of laxity without Stener effect, the choice of treatment is contentious. A US or MRI would be useful if the Stener effect could be underlying...
May 17, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636057/symmetrical-brachydactyly-in-a-dog
#20
Megan T Cray, Ursula Krotscheck, Anthony J Fischetti, Kim Tong
Congenital malformations of the canine manus and pes are infrequently reported in the veterinary literature. This includes brachydactyly which is a general term used to indicate the shortening of digits due to abnormal development of the phalanges, metacarpals, or metatarsals. This case report describes isolated brachydactyly in a one-year-old male Maremma Sheepdog affecting all of the phalanges, metacarpals, and metatarsals of digits two through five. This condition was confirmed by determining the length of each phalanx, metacarpal, and metatarsal of the affected dog as well as an unaffected littermate...
June 21, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
keyword
keyword
105297
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"