keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

phalange

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636299/-sprain-of-the-thumb-metacarpal-phalangeal-with-lesion-of-the-ulnar-collateral-ligament
#1
Thibault Poujade, Grégoire Chick
The sprain of the thumb metacarpal-phalangeal joint must be treated in an adapted way in order to avoid chronic laxity. The comparative and bilateral clinical exam is the main element that will allow to detect laxity. In the case of non laxity, a conservative treatment with a splint makes sense. In the case of laxity with Stener effect, a surgical procedure is recommended in order to reintegrate the collateral ligament. In the case of laxity without Stener effect, the choice of treatment is contentious. A US or MRI would be useful if the Stener effect could be underlying...
May 17, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636057/symmetrical-brachydactyly-in-a-dog
#2
Megan T Cray, Ursula Krotscheck, Anthony J Fischetti, Kim Tong
Congenital malformations of the canine manus and pes are infrequently reported in the veterinary literature. This includes brachydactyly which is a general term used to indicate the shortening of digits due to abnormal development of the phalanges, metacarpals, or metatarsals. This case report describes isolated brachydactyly in a one-year-old male Maremma Sheepdog affecting all of the phalanges, metacarpals, and metatarsals of digits two through five. This condition was confirmed by determining the length of each phalanx, metacarpal, and metatarsal of the affected dog as well as an unaffected littermate...
June 21, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635076/supernumeraries-in-nicolaides-baraitser-syndrome
#3
Bouthayna Al-Tamimi, Stefan Abela, Huw G Jeremiah, Robert D Evans
BACKGROUND: Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome(NCBRS) is an extremely rare condition which has been reported in only a few cases. NCBRS is a distinct clinical condition with typical clinical features of pre- and post-natal global developmental delay, impaired speech, and seizures. Microcephaly, sparse hair, anteverted alae nasi, undefined philtrum, prominence of distal phalanges and interphalangeal joints, and short metacarpals are also typical of NCBRS. CASE REPORT: There are no reported cases in the literature of patients with NCBRS presenting with multiple dental impactions, and to the authors' knowledge, this is the 28th fully documented case of NCBRS and only 75 cases identified as potentially having NCBRS...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631937/the-effect-of-the-sagittal-ridge-angle-on-cartilage-stress-in-the-equine-metacarpo-phalangeal-fetlock-joint
#4
Helen Liley, Helen Davies, Elwyn Firth, Thor Besier, Justin Fernandez
Fatigue failure of bones of the metacarpo-phalangeal (fetlock, MCP) joint is common in thoroughbred racehorses. Stresses within the fetlock joint cartilages are affected by the morphology of the third metacarpal bone (MC3) and proximal phalangeal bone, and the steepness of the median sagittal ridge of MC3 is believed to be associated with fracture. This study investigated the influence of the steepness of the sagittal ridge on cartilage stress distribution using a finite element model of the joint. Changes to the steepness of the sagittal ridge were made by applying a parabolic function to the mesh, creating four different models with sagittal ridge angles ranging from 95° to 105°...
June 15, 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626333/peripheral-circulation-indicators-in-veteran-trail-runners
#5
Alexander Bolotin, Vladislav Bakayev
[Purpose] Competitive sport places strict demands on the cardiovascular systems of veteran trail runners. Our research objective was to evaluate the dynamics of microcirculation parameters of veteran runners in hypoxic and mid-altitude conditions. [Subjects and Methods] Seven male runners from Russia and Italy between the ages of 50 and 60 years were examined whilst competing at mid-altitude (1,500-2,000 m above sea level). The same runners were examined in a simulated mid-altitude hypoxic environment, which was a hypoxic chamber with 16% oxygen concentration, for 720 minutes...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606671/external-cervical-resorption-a-new-oral-manifestation-of-systemic-sclerosis
#6
Sebastiana Arroyo-Bote, Cristina Bucchi, Ma Cristina Manzanares
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a complex, chronic, and progressive autoimmune disease. SSc causes bone resorption of mandible and distal phalanges of fingers through a known mechanism, and it has also been pointed out as a possible cause of apical root resorption of teeth, because tooth resorption is regulated by similar mechanisms to those controlling bone resorption. The objective of this article was to report the first case in the literature of external cervical resorption (ECR) as an oral manifestation of SSc...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600484/perinatal-case-of-fatal-simpson-golabi-behmel-syndrome-with-hyperplasia-of-seminiferous-tubules
#7
Nives Zimmermann, Jerzy Stanek
BACKGROUND Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome (SGBS) is a rare X-linked recessive syndrome characterized by fetal overgrowth. CASE REPORT We present a case of a male infant with SGBS. Abnormal prenatal ultrasound (including congenital diaphragmatic hernia) prompted microarray testing of amniotic fluid cells, which showed deletion on chromosome Xq26.2 affecting the glypican-3 gene consistent with SGBS type I. The infant died six hours after birth and at autopsy showed features of SGBS, including macrosomia, organomegaly, diaphragmatic hernia with consequent pulmonary hypoplasia, cleft palate, large tongue with a midline groove, a supernumerary nipple, Meckel's diverticulum, and abnormal phalanges...
June 10, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594518/pediatric-phalanx-fractures
#8
Joshua M Abzug, Karan Dua, Andrea Sesko Bauer, Roger Cornwall, Theresa O Wyrick
Phalangeal fractures are the most common type of hand fracture that occurs in the pediatric population and account for the second highest number of emergency department visits in the United States for fractures. The incidence of phalangeal fractures is the highest in children aged 10 to 14 years, which coincides with the time that most children begin playing contact sports. Younger children are more likely to sustain a phalangeal fracture in the home setting as a result of crush and laceration injuries. Salter-Harris type II fractures of the proximal phalanx are the most common type of finger fracture...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589776/early-active-motion-after-rigid-internal-fixation-of-unstable-extra-articular-fractures-of-the-proximal-phalanx
#9
Y Ataker, S Uludag, S C Ece, E Gudemez
The purpose of this study is to describe active early rehabilitation in proximal phalanx fractures treated with rigid internal fixation. A total of 22 consecutive patients presenting with spiral, oblique or comminuted extra-articular fractures of the proximal phalanx were included in the study. All fractures were rigidly stabilized with plate and screws or screws alone and subsequently entered an active early rehabilitation programme. The mean follow-up period was 15.4 months (SD 10.1). Mean visual analogue scale pain score was 0...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588436/novel-marfan-syndrome-associated-mutation-in-the-fbn1-gene-caused-by-parental-mosaicism-and-leading-to-abnormal-limb-patterning
#10
Efrén Martínez-Quintana, Noemí Caballero-Sánchez, Fayna Rodríguez-González, Paloma Garay-Sánchez, Antonio Tugores
Marfan syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder of the connective tissue caused by mutations in the fibrillin-1 (FBN1) gene. Mutations affecting cysteine residues within the epidermal growith factor-like calcium-binding domains (EGF_CA) of FBN1 are associated with Marfan syndrome features and, especially, with ectopia lentis. We report a novel substitution, affecting the first cysteine of an EGF_CA-binding module encoded by exon 63 of FBN1 (C2571Y), in a patient presenting with typical Marfan syndrome features but without ectopia lentis...
May 2017: Molecular Syndromology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585336/liver-directed-human-amniotic-epithelial-cell-transplantation-improves-systemic-disease-phenotype-in-hurler-syndrome-mouse-model
#11
Natalie S Rodriguez, Lisa Yanuaria, Kevin Murphy R Parducho, Irving M Garcia, Bino A Varghese, Brendan H Grubbs, Toshio Miki
Mucopolysaccharidosis type 1 (MPS1) is an inherited lysosomal storage disorder caused by a deficiency in the glycosaminoglycan (GAG)-degrading enzyme α-l-iduronidase (IDUA). In affected patients, the systemic accumulation of GAGs results in skeletal dysplasia, neurological degeneration, multiple organ dysfunction, and early death. Current therapies, including enzyme replacement and bone marrow transplant, improve life expectancy but the benefits to skeletal and neurological phenotypes are limited. In this study, we tested the therapeutic efficacy of liver-directed transplantation of a placental stem cell, which possesses multilineage differentiation potential, low immunogenicity, and high lysosomal enzyme activity...
June 6, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580246/endoscopic-resection-of-giant-cell-tumor-of-the-extensor-tendon-of-the-foot
#12
Tun Hing Lui
The localized form of giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath is one of the most common soft tissue tumors of the foot and ankle region. It is characteristically a benign, sharply localized peritendinous fibrous mass in the synovial or tendinous spaces. The purpose of this Technical Note is to present the technical details of endoscopic resection of giant cell tumor of the extensor tendon of the foot with preservation of the tendon. It is indicated in the localized form of giant cell tumor of the extensor tendon at the foot dorsum...
April 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576699/chronic-instability-of-the-thumb-metacarpo-phalangeal-joint-seven-year-outcomes-of-three-surgical-techniques
#13
C Agout, G Bacle, J Brunet, E Marteau, B Charruau, J Laulan
BACKGROUND: Severe sprain of the thumb metacarpo-phalangeal joint (TMCPJ) is a common injury whose functional outcome is good when repair is performed at the acute stage. The diagnosis is often missed, however, leading to chronic instability. The optimal treatment of chronic TMCPJ instability is controversial. The objective of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of the three main surgical techniques used to treat chronic TMCPJ instability. HYPOTHESIS: Arthrodesis is the best surgical option when ligament repair is not feasible...
May 30, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576543/pycnodysostosis-at-otorhinolaryngology
#14
Tekin Baglam, Adem Binnetoglu, Muhammet Fatih Topuz, Nilay Baş Ikizoglu, Refika Ersu, Serap Turan, Murat Sarı
AIM: Pycnodysostosis is a rare autosomal, recessive, skeletal dysplasia caused by a mutation in the cathepsin k gene. Pycnodysostosis is characterized by short stature, characteristic facial appearance (delayed closure of fontanelles and cranial sutures, mandibular hypoplasia and angle disorder, blue sclera), and acroosteolysis of the distal phalanges. Our aim was to describe the otorhinolaryngologic findings, differential diagnoses, various treatment options, and followup in eight cases of pycnodysostosis...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576190/first-metatarsal-phalangeal-joint-arthrodesis-primary-revision-and-salvage-of-complications
#15
REVIEW
Thomas S Roukis
Arthrodesis of the first metatarsal-phalangeal joint has been proposed for treatment of severe hallux valgus, end-stage hallux rigidus, rheumatoid arthritis, and revision of failed surgery due to the perceived safety and efficacy. This article discusses the principles of first metatarsal-phalangeal joint arthrodesis in primary and revision situations, joint preparation, configurations of osteosynthesis, and common complications, including salvage of nonunion and revision of malunion with realignment osteotomy...
July 2017: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566865/pycnodysostosis-clinicoradiographic-report-of-a-rare-case
#16
Mayur D Dhameliya, Ajit D Dinkar, Manisha Khorate, Sapna S Raut Dessai
Pycnodysostosis is an uncommon autosomal recessive sclerosing bone disorder which is characterized by short stature and generalized diffuse osteosclerosis. Patients usually have a large head with separated sutures, open fontanels, aplasia of frontal sinuses, obtuse mandibular gonial angle, and acroosteolysis of the distal phalanges. This case report showed a 25-year-old female with features pathognomonic of pycnodysostosis. The emphasis is mainly on the early diagnosis as it has an important role in the general health of such patients and prevention of complications...
January 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559208/novel-splice-mutation-in-lrp4-causes-severe-type-of-cenani-lenz-syndactyly-syndrome-with-oro-facial-and-skeletal-symptoms
#17
Muhammad Afzal, Qamar Zaman, Uwe Kornak, Stefan Mundlos, Sajid Malik, Ricarda Flöttmann
Cenani-Lenz syndactyly syndrome (CLSS; MIM-212780) is a rare autosomal recessive limb malformation characterized by complete osseous fusion of all fingers and toes, disorganization of phalangeal elements and severe shortening of the radius and ulna. It is occasionally associated with renal hypoplasia, oro-facial defects, scoliosis of the thoracic spine, hearing loss, and genital anomalies. Here we describe a consanguineous Pakistani kindred with a severe form of CLSS characterized by complete syndactyly and disorganization of fingers, oligo-syndactyly of toes, shortening of limbs, frontal bossing, and hypoplasia/agenesis of left kidney...
May 27, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552369/synchronous-distal-phalangeal-metastases-from-primary-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#18
Richard J Ross, Nigel C Mann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549491/increased-chondrocyte-apoptosis-in-kashin-beck-disease-and-rats-induced-by-t-2-toxin-and-selenium-deficiency
#19
Hao Jie Yang, Ying Zhang, Zhi Lun Wang, Sen Hai Xue, Si Yuan Li, Xiao Rong Zhou, Meng ZHANGg, Qian Fang, Wen Jun Wang, Chen Chen, Xiang Hua Deng, Jing Hong Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate chondrocyte apoptosis and the expression of biochemical markers associated with apoptosis in Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) and in an established T-2 toxin- and selenium (Se) deficiency-induced rat model. METHODS: Cartilages were collected from the hand phalanges of five patients with KBD and five healthy children. Sprague-Dawley rats were administered a selenium-deficient diet for 4 weeks prior to T-2 toxin exposure. The apoptotic chondrocytes were observed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling staining...
May 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549284/long-term-results-of-the-toefit-plus-replacement-for-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-arthritis
#20
REVIEW
Shreekant Gupta, Saqib Masud
Hallux rigidus is osteoarthritis affecting the metatarsophalangeal joint of the first toe. Patients often complain of pain and stiffness with pain being aggravated by walking, particularly during toe-off in the gait cycle. Osteoarthritis of the metatarsophalangeal joint is commonly treated with arthrodesis or resection arthroplasty. Metallic replacement of this joint is used sometimes but is not widely accepted. The use of silastic joints has problems with synovitis and implant failure. The authors used titanium implants, which can be screwed into the metatarsal and phalanx, allowing good fixation without the use of bone cement...
June 2017: Foot
keyword
keyword
105297
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"