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Congenital percutaneous interventions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017776/early-outcomes-of-percutaneous-pulmonary-valve-implantation-using-the-edwards-sapien-xt-transcatheter-heart-valve-system
#1
Nikolaus A Haas, Ronald Giacomo Carere, Oliver Kretschmar, Eric Horlick, Josep Rodés-Cabau, Daniël de Wolf, Marc Gewillig, Michael Mullen, Anja Lehner, Cornelia Deutsch, Peter Bramlage, Peter Ewert
BACKGROUND: Patients with congenital or acquired heart defects affecting the pulmonary valve and right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) commonly require multiple surgical interventions, resulting in significant morbidity. A less invasive alternative is percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI). Though studies have previously reported the safety and efficacy of the early generation transcatheter heart valves (THVs), data on more recent devices are severely lacking. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a multinational, multicentre, retrospective, observational registry analysis of patients who underwent PPVI using the Edwards SAPIEN XT THV...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964424/hybrid-balloon-valvuloplasty-for-the-treatment-of-severe-congenital-aortic-valve-stenosis-in-infants
#2
Wen-Bin Ou-Yang, Shou-Jun Li, Yong-Quan Xie, Sheng-Shou Hu, Shou-Zheng Wang, Feng-Wen Zhang, Gai-Li Guo, Yao Liu, Kun-Jing Pang, Xiang-Bin Pan
BACKGROUND: Surgical or percutaneous interventional treatment of severe congenital aortic valve stenosis (CAS) in early infancy remains challenging. This single-center, retrospective study analyzed midterm outcomes of a hybrid balloon valvuloplasty procedure through the ascending aorta by way of median sternotomy, including cases with improved technique. METHODS: Included were 45 consecutive infants (aged <90 days) with CAS and selected for biventricular repair who underwent hybrid balloon valvuloplasty in a hybrid or ordinary operating room from October 2010 to March 2016...
September 27, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932495/tough-but-not-impossible-retrieval-of-large-atrial-septal-occluder-devices-embolized-to-left-atrium
#3
Rangaraj Ramalingam, Shivanand Patil, Natraj Setty, Jayashree Kharge, Beeresha Puttegowda, Jayasheelan Mambally Rachaiah, Cholenahally Nanjappa Manjunath
Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a congenital heart defect that is being increasingly treated using percutaneous interventions. However, these techniques are not devoid of complications. One such complication is device embolization. Removal of such closure device poses tremendous risk and consequent complications both by percutaneous retrieval and surgical removal. Herein, we present two cases of ASDs that were closed using atrial septal occluder, but the devices were subsequently embolized into left atrium. These devices were then percutaneously retrieved without any further complication or injury...
March 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928619/percutaneous-management-of-complex-acquired-aortic-coarctation-in-an-adult-with-tetralogy-of-fallot-and-pulmonary-atresia
#4
Michael D Seckeler, Emily Lawson, Brent J Barber, Scott E Klewer
We present the case of a female adult with complex cyanotic congenital heart disease who had long-standing thoracic aortic obstruction due to scarring from earlier surgical procedures. She was symptomatic but felt to be too high risk for surgical intervention. With careful planning, she was able to undergo successful stenting of her aorta with subsequent clinical improvement. This case highlights some of the complexities of caring for adults with congenital heart disease and the importance of a thorough understanding of their anatomy and physiology and prior interventions before undertaking interventions...
September 2017: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883224/time-trend-in-interest-and-satisfaction-towards-clinical-training-and-academic-activities-among-early-career-cardiologists%C3%A3-the-japanese-circulation-society-post-graduate-training-survey
#5
Takashi Kohno, Shun Kohsaka, Yasuyoshi Takei, Keiichi Fukuda, Yukio Ozaki, Akira Yamashina
BACKGROUND: Satisfaction among early-career cardiologists is a key performance metric for cardiovascular (CV) educational programs. To assess the time trend in the interest and activities of early-career cardiologists regarding their training, we conducted web-based surveys in 2011 and 2015.Methods and Results:Early-career cardiologists were defined as physicians who planned to attend Japanese Circulation Society (JCS) annual meetings within 10 years of graduation. A total of 272 and 177 participants completed the survey for the years 2011 and 2015, respectively...
September 7, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862385/tailoring-stents-to-fit-the-anatomy-of-unique-vascular-stenoses-in-congenital-heart-disease
#6
Patrick M Sullivan, Aimee Liou, Cheryl Takao, Henri Justino, Christopher J Petit, Jorge D Salazar, Frank F Ing
BACKGROUND: Unique and small anatomical features often preclude the use of available vascular stents in pediatric patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). OBJECTIVES: To report our experience and outcomes tailoring stents to fit unique anatomy, particularly in small children and infants with CHD. METHODS: Stent tailoring techniques included trimming, folding, and flaring. Patients receiving a tailored stent November 2002 to February 2015 were included in a retrospective analysis...
September 1, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861314/new-surgical-technique-applied-with-urological-instruments-in-bilobar-multiple-hepatolithiasis-ultra-mini-percutaneous-hepatolithotomy
#7
Ahmet Öztürk, Mehmet Giray Sönmez, Süleyman Bakdık, Yunus Emre Göger, Mehmet Serkan Özkent, Faruk Aksoy, Metin Belviranlı
Intrahepatic bile duct stones may emerge with manifestations as chronic stomach ache, cholestasis, cholangitis, abscess, post-obstructive atrophy and liver cirrhosis presentation may occur. Thus the treatment of symptomatic hepatolithiasis patients should be provided. Different methods such as biliary decompression, endoscopic, percutaneous or open surgery are recommended for the treatment of patients with intrahepatic gallstones. The aim of the treatment is to extract the stones and regain biliary drainage...
September 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843330/adult-congenital-heart-disease-intervention-the-canadian-landscape
#8
MULTICENTER STUDY
Claudia Frankfurter, Anita W Asgar, John G Webb, Warren J Cantor, James L Velianou, François Gobeil, Albert W Chan, Robert C Welsh, Michael P Love, David A Wood, Kevin McKenzie, Eric M Horlick
Once considered a childhood disease, the number of adults living with congenital heart disease (CHD) has now exceeded the number of pediatric patients. The landscape of percutaneous intervention for adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) has evolved over the past decade and has yet to be characterized in Canada. The aim of this study was to begin to understand the current infrastructure underlying ACHD interventions in Canada and to characterize the type and number of interventions being carried out across the country...
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843325/pulmonary-valve-procedures-late-after-repair-of-tetralogy-of-fallot-current-perspectives-and-contemporary-approaches-to-management
#9
REVIEW
Catriona J Bhagra, Edward J Hickey, Alexander Van De Bruaene, S Lucy Roche, Eric M Horlick, Rachel M Wald
Few topics in adult congenital heart disease have approached the level of scrutiny bestowed on pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) strategies late after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair. Despite the successes of primary surgery for TOF, there is a growing group of adults with residual right ventricular outflow tract and pulmonary valve dysfunction. Patients with residual chronic pulmonic regurgitation as a consequence of earlier surgery can later develop symptoms of exercise intolerance and complications including heart failure, tachyarrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death...
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840470/congenital-and-acquired-valvular-heart-disease-in-pregnancy
#10
REVIEW
Sarah A Goldstein, Cary C Ward
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The number of pregnancies complicated by valvular heart disease is increasing. This review describes the hemodynamic effects of clinically important valvular abnormalities during pregnancy and reviews current guideline-driven management strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: Valvular heart disease in women of childbearing age is most commonly caused by congenital abnormalities and rheumatic heart disease. Regurgitant lesions are well tolerated, while stenotic lesions are associated with a higher risk of pregnancy-related complications...
August 24, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774381/first-in-human-closed-chest-transcatheter-superior-cavopulmonary-anastomosis
#11
Kanishka Ratnayaka, John W Moore, Rodrigo Rios, Robert J Lederman, Sanjeet R Hegde, Howaida G El-Said
BACKGROUND: In the care of patients with congenital heart disease, percutaneous interventional treatments have supplanted many surgical approaches for simple lesions, such as atrial septal defect. By contrast, complex congenital heart defects continue to require open-heart surgery. In single-ventricle patients, a staged approach is employed, which requires multiple open-heart surgeries and significant attendant morbidity and mortality. A nonsurgical transcatheter alternative would be attractive...
August 8, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728659/a-systematic-review-of-infective%C3%A2-endocarditis-in-patients-with-bovine-jugular-vein-valves-compared-with-other%C3%A2-valve-types
#12
Ashutosh Sharma, Anita T Cote, Martin C K Hosking, Kevin C Harris
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to systematically evaluate the incidence of infective endocarditis (IE) in right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery conduits and valves, comparing bovine jugular vein (BJV) valves with all others. BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that the incidence of IE is higher in patients with congenital heart disease who have undergone implantation of BJV valves in the pulmonary position compared with other valves. METHODS: Systematic searches of published research were conducted using electronic databases (MEDLINE, Embase, and CINAHL) and citations cross-referenced current to April 2016...
July 24, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697726/successful-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-the-setting-of-an-aberrant-left-coronary-artery-arising-from-the-right-coronary-cusp-in-a-patient-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-case-report
#13
Jung-Hee Lee, Jong-Seon Park
BACKGROUND: An aberrant origin of the left coronary artery (LCA) from the right coronary cusp (RCC) is an extremely rare congenital anomaly. We here report on successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in a patient presenting with acute coronary syndrome and an aberrant origin of the LCA from the RCC. CASE PRESENTATION: A 50-year-old man presented at our emergency department with recurrent resting chest pain. Following unsuccessful attempts at visualizing the left coronary artery using Judkins left and Amplatz catheters, an aortogram using a pigtail catheter suggested anomalous left coronary artery origin and showed a significant occlusive lesion at proximal left anterior descending artery...
July 11, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680632/successful-percutaneous-coil-embolization-of-a-severely-tortuous-coronary-artery-fistula-using-the-mother-child-grandchild-technique-via-a-guideliner-catheter
#14
Masaki Kodaira, Yohei Numasawa
Coronary artery fistula is an uncommon congenital disease that requires invasive treatment for symptomatic patients. Although percutaneous intervention has become the popular treatment option, surgical treatment is preferred for severely tortuous coronary artery fistulas. We report a case of an extremely tortuous coronary artery fistula successfully treated with the support of the GuideLiner catheter and the mother-grandchild technique.
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673109/takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-complicating-percutaneous-pulmonary-valve-implantation-in-a-child
#15
Robert Dalla Pozza, Anja Lehner, Sarah Ulrich, Michael Näbauer, Nikolaus A Haas, B Heineking
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy describes a sudden onset cardiomyopathy with acute impairment of left ventricular function and spontaneous resolution over time. Only a few cases of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy in childhood have been described. We report the case of a 12-year-old girl with repaired tetralogy of Fallot who experienced acute onset of left ventricular dysfunction without coronary arterial involvement, suggesting Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, during an interventional catheterization procedure. Cardiogenic shock necessitated mechanical circulatory support with extracorporeal membrane oxygenator for ten days and mechanical ventilation for 12 days...
January 1, 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634971/impact-of-growing-cohorts-of-adults-with-con-genital-heart-disease-on-clinical-workload-a-20-year-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-centre
#16
Maria Padrutt, Isabelle Bracher, Francesca Bonassin, Bruno Santos Lopes, Christiane Gruner, Simon F Stämpfli, Thomas Wolber, Oliver Kretschmar, Angela Oxenius, Gabriella De Pasquale, Theresa Seeliger, Thomas F Lüscher, Christine Attenhofer Jost, Matthias Greutmann
BACKGROUND: Population based studies show a steady increase in adult patients with congenital heart defects. The aim of this study was to assess the evolution of such a patient cohort and its burden on clinical care at a dedicated tertiary care centre. METHODS: All patients with congenital heart disease followed up by a dedicated multidisciplinary team at our institution were identified (n = 1725). Disease characteristics, the increase in patient numbers and interventions and the increase in selected complications were analysed and compared between the first (1996-2005) and second (2006-2015) decades of the study period...
June 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624249/the-role-of-3-d-heart-models-in-planning-and-executing-interventional-procedures
#17
REVIEW
Elena K Grant, Laura J Olivieri
Percutaneous interventions aimed at addressing congenital and structural heart disease are simultaneously becoming more common and more complex as time progresses. An increasing number of heart defects that had previously required open heart surgery can now be successfully addressed in the cardiac catheterization laboratory. Adequate preprocedural preparation for these novel, complex procedures is critical to ensure their success. Diagnostic data can be collected before the intervention and displayed in multiple formats during the procedure...
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600095/adult-congenital-interventions-in-heart-failure
#18
REVIEW
Hussam S Suradi, Ziyad M Hijazi
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth defect, occurring in approximately 0.8% to 1.0% of neonates. Advances in medical and surgical therapies for children with CHD have resulted in a growing population of patients reaching adulthood, with survival rates exceeding 85%. Many of these patients, especially if managed inappropriately, face the prospect of future complications including heart failure and premature death. For adults with uncorrected or previously palliated CHD, percutaneous therapies have become the primary treatment for many forms of CHD...
July 2017: Interventional cardiology clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529940/coronary-artery-aneurysms-a-review-of-the-epidemiology-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#19
REVIEW
Sara Abou Sherif, Ozge Ozden Tok, Özgür Taşköylü, Omer Goktekin, Ismail Dogu Kilic
Coronary artery aneurysms (CAAs) are uncommon and describe a localized dilatation of a coronary artery segment more than 1.5-fold compared with adjacent normal segments. The incidence of CAAs varies from 0.3 to 5.3%. Ever since the dawn of the interventional era, CAAs have been increasingly diagnosed on coronary angiography. Causative factors include atherosclerosis, Takayasu arteritis, congenital disorders, Kawasaki disease (KD), and percutaneous coronary intervention. The natural history of CAAs remains unclear; however, several recent studies have postulated the underlying molecular mechanisms of CAAs, and genome-wide association studies have revealed several genetic predispositions to CAA...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515755/common-origin-of-all-three-coronary-arteries-from-the-right-sinus-of-valsalva-first-case-study-accompanied-by-mitral-valve-prolapse-and-vein-anomaly-second-case-study-followed-by-successful-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-of-right-coronary-artery-stenosis
#20
Brygida Przywara-Chowaniec, Agata Puzio, Łukasz Czarnecki, Damian Kawecki, Jan Głowacki, Ewa Nowalany-Kozielska, Aleksandra Czarnecka
Congenital anomalies of the coronary arteries can be divided into two broad categories: those that alter myocardial perfusion and those that do not. In coronary anomalies not altering myocardial perfusion, the coronary arteries originate from the aorta, but their origins are in unusual positions. Although myocardial perfusion is normal, the angiographer may have trouble locating them. Patients with an anomalous left main coronary artery arising from the right sinus of Valsalva are presented. The diagnosis was made by coronary angiography, transesophageal echocardiography and multislice computed tomography (MSCT)...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
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