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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776897/reach-and-acceptability-of-a-mobile-reminder-strategy-and-facebook-group-intervention-for-weight-management-in-less-advantaged-adolescents-insights-from-the-pralimap-in%C3%A3-s-trial
#1
Laura Saez, Johanne Langlois, Karine Legrand, Marie-Hélène Quinet, Edith Lecomte, Abdou Y Omorou, Serge Briançon
BACKGROUND: Although information and communication technology interventions appear to be a promising means of reducing the health inequality gap in overweight and obesity prevention, research on information and communication technology interventions is lacking outside the Anglo-Saxon world. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the reach and acceptability of 2 information and communication technology interventions delivered as part of a French nutritional program: an SMS text messaging (short message service, SMS) attendance-reminder for collective sessions strategy and a Facebook challenge group...
May 18, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776474/correlates-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-among-overweight-hispanic-school-aged-children
#2
Kimberly R Hartson, Bonnie Gance-Cleveland, Claudia R Amura, Sarah Schmiege
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore potential correlates of physical activity and sedentary screen time behaviors among overweight Hispanic school-aged children, ages 7 to 14years. DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted an exploratory correlation analysis using baseline data of 40 child-parent dyads from the "Mind Exercise Nutrition Do It!" program conducted in the Western United States. RESULTS: Child self-esteem and parental vegetable intake were moderately associated with physical activity, while parental vegetable intake and child fruit intake were strongly associated with physical activity among males...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775962/preterm-birth-and-oxidative-stress-effects-of-acute-physical-exercise-and-hypoxia-physiological-responses
#3
Agnès Martin, Camille Faes, Tadej Debevec, Chantal Rytz, Grégoire Millet, Vincent Pialoux
Preterm birth is a global health issue that can induce lifelong medical sequela. Presently, at least one in ten newborns are born prematurely. At birth, preterm newborns exhibit higher levels of oxidative stress (OS) due to the inability to face the oxygen rich environment in which they are born into. Moreover, their immature respiratory, digestive, immune and antioxidant defense systems, as well as the potential numerous medical interventions following a preterm birth, such as oxygen resuscitation, nutrition, phototherapy and blood transfusion further contribute to high levels of OS...
May 1, 2018: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768349/comparison-of-multiple-interventions-for-older-adults-with-alzheimer-disease-or-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-prisma-compliant-network-meta-analysis
#4
Jing-Hong Liang, Yong Xu, Lu Lin, Rui-Xia Jia, Hong-Bo Zhang, Lei Hang
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of Alzheimer disease (AD) emphasizes the need for effective treatments. Both pharmacological therapies such as nutrition therapy (NT) and nonpharmacologic therapies including traditional treatment or personalized treatment (e.g., physical exercise, music therapy, computerized cognitive training) have been approved for the treatment of AD or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in numerous areas. METHODS: The aim of this study was to compare 4 types of interventions, physical exercise (PE), music therapy (MT), computerized cognitive training (CCT), and NT, in older adults with mild to moderate AD or MCI and identify the most effective intervention for their cognitive function...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767760/influence-of-the-nutrition-and-health-information-presented-on-food-labels-on-portion-size-consumed-a-systematic-review
#5
Hannah M Brown, Megan E Rollo, Nienke M de Vlieger, Clare E Collins, Tamara Bucher
Context: In recent decades, portion sizes have increased significantly. Although previous research indicates that food labels impact on product choice and healthiness perception, their impact on portion sizes consumed is less clear. Objective: This systematic review examined whether food label information influenced portion size consumption. Data sources: A search of 7 major electronic databases for studies published from 1980 to April 2016 was conducted...
May 14, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766791/immunometabolic-changes-in-hepatocytes-arising-from-obesity-and-the-practice-of-physical-exercise
#6
Paula Alves Monteiro, Wagner Prado, Thiago Ricardo Dos Santos Tenório, Luciane Magri Tomaz, David H St-Pierre, Fabio Santos Lira
Over the recent years, a particular interest was shown towards understanding the roles of excessive hepatic fat accumulation and the development of obesity-related diseases. While hepatic triacylglycerol accumulation seems to be a response to the systemic increase of insulin release, fatty acid metabolites contribute to the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). It is widely accepted that NAFLD is a polygenic and multifactorial disease under the influence of critical behavioral factors such as overeating and sedentary lifestyles...
May 14, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764464/daytime-and-nighttime-casein-supplements-similarly-increase-muscle-size-and-strength-in-response-to-resistance-training-earlier-in-the-day-a-preliminary-investigation
#7
Jordan M Joy, Roxanne M Vogel, K Shane Broughton, Urszula Kudla, Nathaniel Y Kerr, Jason M Davison, Robert E C Wildman, Nancy M DiMarco
BACKGROUND: Casein protein consumed before sleep has been suggested to offer an overnight supply of exogenous amino acids for anabolic processes. The purpose of this study was to compare supplemental casein consumed earlier in the day (DayTime, DT) versus shortly before bed (NightTime, NT) on body composition, strength, and muscle hypertrophy in response to supervised resistance training. METHODS: Thirteen males participated in a 10-week exercise and dietary intervention while receiving 35 g casein daily...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760355/interventions-integrating-non-communicable-disease-prevention-and-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-a-systematic-review
#8
Kimiyo Kikuchi, Rakesh Ayer, Sumiyo Okawa, Mariko Nishikitani, Fumihiko Yokota, Masamine Jimba, Naoki Nakashima
Reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) care services could be critical entry points for preventing non-communicable diseases in women and children. In high-income countries, non-communicable diseases screening has been integrated into both the medical and public health systems. To integrate these services in low- and middle-income countries, it is necessary to closely examine its effectiveness and feasibility. In this systematic review, we evaluated the effectiveness of integrating gestational and non-gestational non-communicable diseases interventions and RMNCH care among women and children in low- and middle-income countries...
2018: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757230/exercise-and-nutrition-strategies-to-counteract-sarcopenic-obesity
#9
REVIEW
Inez Trouwborst, Amely Verreijen, Robert Memelink, Pablo Massanet, Yves Boirie, Peter Weijs, Michael Tieland
As the population is aging rapidly, there is a strong increase in the number of individuals with chronic disease and physical limitations. The decrease in skeletal muscle mass and function (sarcopenia) and the increase in fat mass (obesity) are important contributors to the development of physical limitations, which aggravates the chronic diseases prognosis. The combination of the two conditions, which is referred to as sarcopenic obesity, amplifies the risk for these negative health outcomes, which demonstrates the importance of preventing or counteracting sarcopenic obesity...
May 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757053/applying-a-low-fodmap-dietary-intervention-to-a-female-ultra-endurance-runner-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-during-a-multi-stage-ultra-marathon
#10
Stephanie K Gaskell, Ricardo J S Costa
Malabsorption of Fermentable Oligo- Di- and Mono-saccharides and Polyols (FODMAPs) in response to prolonged exercise may increase incidence of upper- and lower-gastrointestinal symptoms (GIS), which are known to impair exercise performance. The case-study aimed to explore the impact of a low-FODMAP diet on exercise-associated GIS in a female ultra-endurance runner diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), competing in a six-day 186.7 km mountainous multi-stage ultra-marathon (MSUM). IBS symptom severity score at diagnosis was 410 and following a low-FODMAP diet (3...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756974/-effects-of-lacto-vegetarian-diet-and-stabilization-core-exercises-on-body-composition-and-pain-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Alejandro Martínez-Rodríguez, Belén Leyva-Vela, Alba Martínez-García, Yolanda Nadal-Nicolás
BACKGROUND: fibromyalgia is a disease of unknown origin characterized by chronic muscular pain. The lack of knowledge about this disease is one of the main causes that makes complex to make a diagnosis and an appropriate treatment. OBJECTIVE: the main objective of this study was to know the efficacy of a physiotherapy treatment combined with a lacto-vegetarian dietary-nutritional intervention, on low back pain and body composition in women with fibromyalgia. METHODS: twenty-one women were randomly divided into three groups: A (core stabilization exercises + lacto-vegetarian diet), B (placebo + lacto-vegetarian diet) and C (control)...
March 1, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756962/impact-of-apoe2allele-on-lipid-profile-change-after-a-weight-loss-program
#12
Blanca Romero-Moraleda, Rocío Cupeiro Coto, Domingo González-Lamuño, Teresa Amigo, Barbara Szendrei, Miguel Ángel Rojo-Tirado, Francisco Javier Calderón, Ana Belén Peinado
BACKGROUND: apolipoprotein E (ApoE) polymorphism is a genetic determinant of lipid and lipoprotein levels and the risk for coronary heart disease. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the impact of ApoE2allele in lipid plasma levels and the influence of a healthy hypocaloric diet plus a controlled physical activity on the lipid profile, we performed a study in a cohort of overweight and obese healthy subjects (Body Mass Index (BMI) between 25 and 34.9 kg·m-2). METHODS: one hundred eighty participants (96 women), aged 18-50 years participated in a 22 weeks weight loss intervention based on same dietary treatment and different controlled exercise programs...
March 1, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756416/testosterone-and-sarcopenia
#13
REVIEW
Myung Jun Shin, Yun Kyung Jeon, In Joo Kim
Aging affects metabolism, leading to physiological and functional impairments, and is also related to changes in body composition, including reduced skeletal muscle mass and increased body fat. These changes are correlated with the pathophysiology of sarcopenia, which is defined as age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength. Low testosterone levels are associated with unfavorable body composition changes, and sex hormones decrease with aging. Androgen deficiency, along with lack of exercise and poor nutrition, may be among the modifiable contributors to sarcopenia...
May 11, 2018: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755057/processes-and-outcomes-of-a-community-based-participatory-research-driven-health-needs-assessment-a-tool-for-moving-health-disparity-reporting-to-evidence-based-action
#14
Tabia Henry Akintobi, Elise Lockamy, Lisa Goodin, Natalie D Hernandez, Tanesha Slocumb, Daniel Blumenthal, Ronald Braithwaite, Larry Leeks, Micah Rowland, Thomas Cotton, LaShawn Hoffman
BACKGROUND: The community-based participatory research (CBPR)-driven health needs assessment was a tool used to inform community-led, -implemented, and -sustained research and prevention strategies. METHODS: The Morehouse School of Medicine Prevention Research Center (MSM PRC) research and prevention initiatives are implemented in direct response to priorities identified through this process and tool. Led by a community-majority coalition board, the assessment coupled state and city secondary data with primary survey data collected by and from community residents...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754828/prehabilitation-and-functional-recovery-for-colorectal-cancer-patients
#15
REVIEW
Enrico Maria Minnella, Francesco Carli
Cancer and its treatments are associated with functional decline that has impactful consequences on quality of life, and care continuum. Thus, optimizing perioperative functional capacity has been identified as a research and clinical priority in cancer care. The process of enhancing physical fitness before an operation to enable the patient to withstand the stress of surgery has been termed prehabilitation. Main elements are preoperative exercise, nutrition therapy, and anxiety-reduction techniques. Given the growing body of evidence on prehabilitation efficacy, this narrative review will summarize the rational underlying preoperative interventions, and propose a structured clinical pathway aimed at optimizing preoperative functional capacity...
April 30, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750973/effects-of-nutritional-prehabilitation-with-and-without-exercise-on-outcomes-of-patients-who-undergo-colorectal-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Chelsia Gillis, Katherine Buhler, Lauren Bresee, Francesco Carli, Leah Gramlich, Nicole Culos-Reed, Tolulope T Sajobi, Tanis R Fenton
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Although there have been meta-analyses of the effects of exercise prehabilitation on patients undergoing colorectal surgery, little is known about the effects of nutrition-only (oral nutritional supplements and/or counseling) and multi-modal (oral nutritional supplements and/or counseling with exercise) prehabilitation on clinical outcomes and patient function after surgery. We performed a systemic review and meta-analysis to determine the individual and combined effects of nutrition-only and multi-modal prehabilitation, compared with no prehabilitation (control), on outcomes of patients undergoing colorectal resection...
May 8, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750251/effect-of-aerobic-exercise-training-and-essential-amino-acid-supplementation-for-24-weeks-on-physical-function-body-composition-and-muscle-metabolism-in-healthy-independent-older-adults-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Melissa M Markofski, Kristofer Jennings, Kyle L Timmerman, Jared M Dickinson, Christopher S Fry, Michael S Borack, Paul T Reidy, Rachel R Deer, Amanda Randolph, Blake B Rasmussen, Elena Volpi
Background: Essential amino acids (EAA) and aerobic exercise (AE) acutely and independently stimulate skeletal muscle protein anabolism in older adults. Objective: In this Phase 1, double blind, placebo controlled, randomized clinical trial, we determined if chronic EAA supplementation, AE training, or a combination of the two interventions could improve muscle mass and function by stimulating muscle protein synthesis. Methods: We phone screened 971, enrolled 109, and randomized 50 independent, low-active, non-frail, non-diabetic older adults (age 72±1 yrs)...
May 10, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746264/adherence-to-american-cancer-society-guidelines-on-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-female-cancer-survivors-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-yale-fitness-intervention-trial
#18
So-Hyun Park, M Tish Knobf, Jane Kerstetter, Sangchoon Jeon
BACKGROUND: The American Cancer Society (ACS) publishes guidelines on nutrition and physical activity to minimize health risks in cancer patients and survivors. Studies show that high adherence to such guidelines is associated with a decrease in overall cancer incidence and mortality. However, there are sparse data on adherence to the ACS guidelines in cancer survivors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe adherence to the ACS guidelines in female cancer survivors who participated in an exercise intervention trial for 1 year...
May 9, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745361/a-window-beneath-the-skin-how-computed-tomography-assessment-of-body-composition-can-assist-in-the-identification-of-hidden-wasting-conditions-in-oncology-that-profoundly-impact-outcomes
#19
L E Daly, C M Prado, A M Ryan
Advancements in image-based technologies and body composition research over the past decade has led to increased understanding of the importance of muscle abnormalities, such as low muscle mass (sarcopenia), and more recently low muscle attenuation (MA), as important prognostic indicators of unfavourable outcomes in patients with cancer. Muscle abnormalities can be highly prevalent in patients with cancer (ranging between 10 and 90 %), depending on the cohort under investigation and diagnostic criteria used...
May 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742287/a-mobile-health-technology-enabled-home-based-intervention-to-treat-frailty-in-adult-lung-transplant-candidates-a-pilot-study
#20
Jonathan P Singer, Allison Soong, Alan Bruun, Ayana Bracha, Greg Chin, Steven R Hays, Jasleen Kukreja, Julia Rigler, Jeff A Golden, John R Greenland, Chris Garvey
BACKGROUND: Frailty is prevalent in lung transplant candidates (LTC) and is associated with waitlist delisting or death. We performed a pilot study to assess the safety and feasibility of a home-based, mobile-health technology facilitated intervention to treat frailty in LTC. METHODS: We performed an 8-week, non-randomized, home-based exercise and nutrition intervention in LTC with Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) frailty scores of ≤11. The intervention utilized a customized, mobile device application ("app") enabling monitoring and progression of the intervention in real-time...
May 9, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
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