Read by QxMD icon Read


Ying Nie, Da-Qing Wang, Guang Zhao, Song Yu, Hong-Yan Wang
The development of transgenic soybean has produced numerous economic benefits; however the potential impact of root exudates upon soil ecological systems and rhizospheric soil microbial diversity has also received intensive attention. In the present study, the influence of saline-alkali tolerant transgenic soybean of betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase on bacterial community structure and soil phosphatase during growth stages was investigated. The results showed that, compared with nontransgenic soybean as a control, the rhizospheric soil pH of transgenic soybean significantly decreased at the seedling stage...
2016: BioMed Research International
Sindhu Nagaraja, S Amrut Kadam, Karthikeyan Selvaraj, Iqbal Ahmed, Rajesh Javarappa
CONTEXT: Trismus is one of the common late side effects of radiotherapy (RT) of head and neck cancers. It occurs in about 30% of patients treated by telecobalt. It, in turn, leads to significant morbidity, including malnutrition, difficulty in speaking, and compromised oral hygiene with severe psychosocial, and economic impacts. AIMS: To determine the prevalence of trismus and its progression in patients who have received radical concurrent chemoradiation for head and neck cancer by telecobalt at our institution...
April 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Suelen Patrícia Dos Santos Martins, Cynthia Lemos Ferreira, Auro Del Giglio
: Fatigue is a common symptom in patients with head and neck carcinoma who undergo chemoradiotherapy. Guarana (Paullinia cupana) is a plant that grows in the Brazilian Amazon region that was used previously to treat fatigue induced by chemotherapy. METHODS: In this phase II prospective study, we evaluated 60 patients with stage I-IV head and neck squamous cell carcinoma before, during, and after chemoradiotherapy. The patients were randomized into two arms: placebo versus guarana at a dose of 50 mg twice a day during the chemoradiotherapy treatment...
June 20, 2016: Journal of Dietary Supplements
Adorján F Kovács, Ulrich Stefenelli, Gerrit Thorn
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) studies are well established when accompanying trials in head and neck cancer, but studies on long-term survivors are rare. AIMS: The aim was to evaluate long-term follow-up patients treated with an intensified multi-modality therapy. SETTING AND DESIGN: Cross-sectional study, tertiary care center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 135 oral/oropharyngeal cancer survivors having been treated with an effective four modality treatment (intra-arterial induction chemotherapy, radical surgery, adjuvant radiation, concurrent systemic chemotherapy) filled European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 and HN35 questionnaires...
January 2015: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Shin-Ae Kim, Jong-Lyel Roh, Sang-Ah Lee, Sang-Wook Lee, Sung-Bae Kim, Seung-Ho Choi, Soon Yuhl Nam, Sang Yoon Kim
BACKGROUND: The emotional status of cancer patients is associated with disease course and treatment outcomes. In this study, the authors evaluated associations between the presence of pretreatment depression and pretreatment quality of life (QOL), nutritional status, and survival outcomes in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: For this prospective study, 241 patients with previously untreated HNSCC who underwent curative treatments were enrolled...
January 1, 2016: Cancer
Rudolf Hagen, Matthias Scheich, Norbert Kleinsasser, Marc Burghartz
Xerostomia is a persistent side effect of radiotherapy (RT), which severely reduces the quality of life of the patients affected. Besides drug treatment and new irradiation strategies, surgical procedures aim for tissue protection of the submandibular gland. Using a new surgical approach, the submandibular gland was autotransplanted in 6 patients to the patient's forearm for the period of RT and reimplanted into the floor of the mouth 2-3 months after completion of RT. Saxon's test was performed during different time points to evaluate patient's saliva production...
August 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Silke Tribius, Marieclaire Raguse, Christian Voigt, Adrian Münscher, Alexander Gröbe, Cordula Petersen, Andreas Krüll, Corinna Bergelt, Susanne Singer
PURPOSE: Patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer (LAHNC) undergo life-changing treatments that can seriously affect quality of life (QoL). This prospective study examined the key QoL domains during the first year after intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and identified predictors of these changes in order to improve patient outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A consecutive series of patients with LAHNC completed the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire Core module (QLQ-C30) and the HNC-specific QLQ-HN35 before (t0) and at the end (t1) of definitive or adjuvant IMRT, then at 6-8 weeks (t2), 6 months (t3), and 1 year (t4) after IMRT...
June 2015: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
Li-Yun Lee, Shu-Ching Chen, Wen-Cheng Chen, Bing-Shen Huang, Chien-Yu Lin
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate the following in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC): (1) factors related to trismus that predict the development of trismus, (2) factors affecting quality of life and measurements of these factors, and (3) comparison of these findings in patients with and without trismus to evaluate the effects of trismus on quality of life. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included the questionnaires: the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) - Depression Subscale, the Chewing Function Questionnaire (CFQ), and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire - Head and Neck Cancer Module (EORTC QLQ-HN35)...
February 2015: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Punita Lal, Vipul Nautiyal, Tamojit Chaudhuri, Mranalini Verma, Koilpillai Joseph Das, Shaleen Kumar
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract (head and neck cancer (HNC)) tend to aspirate, either due to disease or treatment. The association of aspiration (documented on video fluorography (VFG)) with quality of life (QOL) and unexpected mortality was studied prospectively in patients treated with simultaneous integrated boost technique of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (SIB-IMRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Moderately advanced (stage III/IV) HNC were treated by SIB-IMRT delivering 66 Gy/30 fr, 60 Gy/30 fr, and 54 Gy/30 fr to high, intermediate, and low risk volumes, respectively...
October 2014: South Asian Journal of Cancer
Ajeet Kumar Gandhi, Soumyajit Roy, Alok Thakar, Atul Sharma, Bidhu Kalyan Mohanti
AIM: Head and neck cancers (HNCa) are the most common cancers among males in India and 70-80% present in advanced stage. The study aims to assess symptom burden and quality of life (QOL) in advanced incurable HNCa patients at presentation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred patients were asked to fill EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL questionnaire, which consisted of Global QOL, physical functioning (PF), emotional functioning (EF), fatigue (FA), nausea-vomiting (NV), pain (PA), dyspnea (DY), sleep (SL), appetite (AP), and constipation (CO)...
September 2014: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
R N P M Rinkel, I M Verdonck-de Leeuw, N van den Brakel, R de Bree, S E J Eerenstein, N Aaronson, C R Leemans
OBJECTIVES: To validate questionnaires on voice, speech, and swallowing among laryngeal cancer patients, to assess the need for and use of rehabilitation services, and to determine the association between voice, speech, and swallowing problems, and quality of life and distress. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Laryngeal cancer patients at least three months post-treatment completed the VHI (voice), SHI (speech), SWAL-QOL (swallowing), EORTC QLQ-C30, QLQ-HN35, HADS, and study-specific questions on rehabilitation...
August 2014: Oral Oncology
Don-Felix Ryzek, Konstantinos Mantsopoulos, Julian Künzel, Philipp Grundtner, Johannes Zenk, Heinrich Iro, Georgios Psychogios
OBJECTIVE: To compare long-term quality of life outcomes after treating early stage oropharyngeal carcinoma either with surgery, surgery combined with radiotherapy, or surgery combined with chemoradiotherapy. METHODS: Questionnaire based method: 111 eligible patients agreed to fill out a quality of life questionnaire. RESULTS: Of the 32 scales contained in the EORTC's combined QLQ-C30 and HN35, 11 scales show significantly better results for the surgery-only treatment group when compared to either surgery combined with radiotherapy or surgery combined with any type of adjuvant therapy...
2014: BioMed Research International
L Pottel, M Lycke, T Boterberg, H Pottel, L Goethals, F Duprez, N Van Den Noortgate, W De Neve, S Rottey, K Geldhof, V Buyse, K Kargar-Samani, V Ghekiere, P R Debruyne
Head and neck (H&N) cancer is mainly a cancer of the elderly; however, the implementation of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) to quantify functional age in these patients has not yet been studied. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of screening tools [Vulnerable Elders Survey-13 (VES-13), G8 and the Combined Screening Tool 'VES-13 + (17-G8)' or CST], the feasibility of serial CGA, and correlations with health-related quality of life evolution [HRQOL; European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaires (EORTC QLQ)-C30 and -HN35] during therapy in hundred patients, aged ≥65 years, with primary H&N cancer undergoing curative radio(chemo)therapy...
May 2014: European Journal of Cancer Care
Anthony K Crombie, Camile S Farah, Martin D Batstone
Our aim was to document the health-related quality of life (QoL) of patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the oral cavity who were treated with chemoradiotherapy, and to compare it with that of patients treated with conventional surgery with or without adjuvant treatment. All patients who presented with SCC of the oral cavity treated with chemoradiotherapy alone at the Royal Brisbane & Women's Hospital between 2000 and 2011 and who were alive without disease were included. Health-related QoL was assessed by the University of Washington QoL questionnaire version 4, and the European Organisation for the Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QoL questionnaires C30 and HN35...
February 2014: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Samia Laoufi, Haïtham Mirghani, François Janot, Dana M Hartl
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To compare voice handicap and quality of life after radiotherapy (RT) versus transoral laser surgery (LS) for T1a glottic carcinoma. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study (1996-2011) of patients treated with RT or LS for T1a glottic squamous cell carcinoma with curative intent. METHODS: Disease-free patients were assessed using Voice Handicap Index (VHI 30) and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Head and Neck Quality of Life (EORTC QLQ-HN35) questionnaires...
June 2014: Laryngoscope
Sydney Ch'ng, Justine Oates, Kan Gao, Kerwyn Foo, Sarah Davies, Markus Brunner, Jonathan R Clark
BACKGROUND: Postoperative radiation therapy (PORT) is frequently recommended to improve survival outcome. The effect of PORT-associated morbidity on patients' quality of life (QOL) is, however, not well established. This study assessed the effect of PORT on medium-term (ie, at 6 months) QOL in patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). METHODS: Patients completed the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) and Quality of Life Questionnaire Core Head and Neck 35 (QLQ-HN35) at initial presentation, and at 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up...
June 2014: Head & Neck
Athanassios Kyrgidis, Stefanos Triaridis, Konstantinos Kontos, Anna Patrikidou, Charalambos Andreadis, Jannis Constantinidis, Konstantinos Vahtsevanos, Konstantinos Antoniades
BACKGROUND/AIM: This exploratory study aimed at examining the diagnostic utility, validity and reliability of already established quality of life (QoL) measures in cancer patients with osteonecrosis of the jaws (ONJ). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, observational, controlled clinical study. Female patients diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer and stage 2 or 3 ONJ (group I), metastatic breast cancer alone (group II), or cancer of the oral cavity (group III) were questioned...
August 2012: Anticancer Research
Ralph W Gilbert, David P Goldstein, Jennifer P Guillemaud, Rajan S Patel, Kevin M Higgins, Danny J Enepekides
OBJECTIVES: To present a technique for reconstruction of the vertical partial laryngectomy defect using a vascularized carrier consisting of a temporoparietal free flap, cartilage graft, and buccal mucosal graft; to evaluate the oncologic outcomes with respect to locoregional control and overall survival; and to provide an assessment of patient quality of life and functional outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective medical record review and prospective cross-sectional analysis of functional outcomes...
May 2012: Archives of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Anne-Marie H Krebber, C René Leemans, Remco de Bree, Annemieke van Straten, Filip Smit, Egbert F Smit, Annemarie Becker, Guus M Eeckhout, Aartjan T F Beekman, Pim Cuijpers, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress is common in cancer survivors. Although there is some evidence on effectiveness of psychosocial care in distressed cancer patients, referral rate is low. Lack of adequate screening instruments in oncology settings and insufficient availability of traditional models of psychosocial care are the main barriers. A stepped care approach has the potential to improve the efficiency of psychosocial care. The aim of the study described herein is to evaluate efficacy of a stepped care strategy targeting psychological distress in cancer survivors...
2012: BMC Cancer
S Tribius, E Reemts, C Prosch, M Raguse, C Petersen, A Kruell, S Singer, C Bergelt
PURPOSE: Treatment intensification has improved outcomes for patients with head and neck cancer (HNC), but little has been reported on health-related quality of life (QoL) consequences. We investigated changes in QoL after (chemo)radiotherapy to identify patient characteristics that predict those whose QoL deteriorates most profoundly in the acute post-treatment period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with locally advanced HNC treated with curative intent received intensity-modulated radiotherapy (60-70 Gy) in this prospective study...
September 2012: Oral Oncology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"