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paraplegic ambulation

L Langerhuus, J Miles
Thoracolumbar intervertebral disc extrusion is a common cause of spinal cord dysfunction in dogs. Peer-reviewed studies reporting treatment of predominantly chondrodystrophic dogs with disc extrusion with loss of ambulation with either hemilaminectomy or conservative treatment (rest, analgesics and anti-inflammatories) were evaluated in a systematic review of the literature. Generally, the level of evidence available was low with no controlled studies and only case series available. In the meta-analysis, there was a clear trend to a greater proportion of dogs recovering and returning faster to ambulation for dogs treated with hemilaminectomy than for conservatively treated dogs...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
Alexandra Dixon, Amy E Fauber
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of anesthesia-associated hypotension on final motor and urinary function in paraplegic dogs without nociception that underwent hemilaminectomy because of acute, severe thoracolumbar intervertebral disk herniation (IVDH). DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 56 paraplegic dogs with acute thoracolumbar IVDH and absent nociception. PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed, and signalment, history, anesthetic details, and results of serial neurologic assessments performed for at least 4 weeks after surgery were recorded...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Pierre A Guertin
Relatively soon after their accident, patients suffering a spinal cord injury (SCI) begin generally experiencing the development of significant, often life-threatening secondary complications. Many of which are associated with chronic physical inactivity-related immune function problems and increasing susceptibility to infection that repeatedly requires intensive care treatment. Therapies capable of repairing the spinal cord or restoring ambulation would normally prevent many of these problems but, as of now, there is no cure for SCI...
November 4, 2016: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Ufuk Aydinli, Nilesh Kumar Mohan, Kursat Kara
BACKGROUND: Charcot spine arthropathy (posttraumatic neuroarthropathy of the spine) has been reported to be a very late and rare complication of spinal cord injury. Charcot of the cervicothoracic and upper thoracic region rarely is reported in the literature. Charcot spinal arthropathy is a cause of progressive deformity and may present as late as 30 years after the original spinal cord injury. This is more common in paraplegic patients who are actively ambulating. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 56-year-old patient with complete paraplegia for approximately 20 years after spinal cord injury presented with severe kyphous deformity and instability of thoracolumbar spine...
October 2016: World Neurosurgery
C A Rousse, N J Olby, K Williams, T L Harris, E H Griffith, C L Mariani, K R Muñana, P J Early
Prospective data on the recovery of coordination in dogs suffering acute thoracolumbar intervertebral disc herniations (TL-IVDH) are limited. The purpose of this study was to use treadmill based and open field scores (OFS) to quantify recovery of stepping ability and forelimb, hindlimb coordination in the 6 weeks following surgical decompression of dogs with TL-IVDH. Sixty-three dogs were grouped at presentation as grades 3 (non-ambulatory paraparetic), 4 (paraplegic) or 5 (paraplegic without pain sensation) and were evaluated 2, 4, and 6 weeks post-operatively...
July 2016: Veterinary Journal
Yu Fan, Xi Zhou, Hai Wang, Pengxiang Jiang, Siyi Cai, Jianguo Zhang, Yong Liu
PURPOSE: The timing of surgical intervention is important for ambulatory patients with metastatic epidural spinal cord compression (MESCC), while limited studies have focused on non-ambulant patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the proper timing of surgical intervention for paraplegic patients with MESCC. METHODS: Forty-three non-ambulant patients with MESCC who underwent posterior decompression were retrospectively reviewed. The neurological outcomes for pre-operative Frankel B patients with different interval window were further compared...
January 29, 2016: European Spine Journal
Rafik Bensaber, Vincent Chollet, Anaälle Lenherr, Joany Pâte, Joanna Vuille
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 26, 2015: Revue Médicale Suisse
B Yilmaz, Y Demir, E Özyörük, S Kesikburun, Ü Güzelküçük
BACKGROUND: Femoral cartilage thickness has been used as an indicator for immobilization and unloading in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). However, conflicting results have been reported on this subject. OBJECTIVES: (i) To determine femoral cartilage thickness alterations after prolonged immobilization, (ii) to demonstrate the effect of the daily standing or ambulation time on the cartilage and (iii) to analyze the predictors of the femoral cartilage in patients with SCI...
April 2016: Spinal Cord
Mokhtar Arazpour, Mohammad Samadian, Mahmood Bahramizadeh, Monireh Ahmadi Bani, Masoud Gharib, Seyyed Ali Hosseini, Stephen W Hutchins, Mohammad A Mardani
BACKGROUND: People with spinal cord injury walk with a flexed trunk when using reciprocating gait orthoses for walking. Reduction in trunk flexion during ambulation has been shown to improve gait parameters for reciprocating gait orthosis users. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect on energy expenditure when spinal cord injury patients ambulate with an advanced reciprocating gait orthosis while wearing a thoracolumbosacral orthosis to provide trunk extension...
December 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Y Chamisha, I Aroch, S Kuzi, I Srugo, T Bdolah-Abram, O Chai, M M Christopher, Y Merbl, K Rothwell, M H Shamir
Providing a pre-operative prognosis for dogs presented with absent deep pain perception (DPP) is extremely challenging, as the overall recovery rates widely vary. This study assesses the possible correlation between the severity of spinal cord injury and CSF cytology in 31 paraplegic dogs presented with absent DPP due to acute thoracolumbar intervertebral disc herniation (TL-IVDH). All dogs underwent surgical decompression immediately following diagnosis. CSF TNCC, macrophage percentage and macrophage to monocyte (MΦ:M) ratio were significantly higher in dogs that failed to regain DPP within 10 days post-operatively and in dogs that failed to regain ambulation at the end of the study period (P< 0...
June 2015: Research in Veterinary Science
M Ahmadi Bani, M Arazpour, F Farahmand, A Azmand, S W Hutchins, R Vahab Kashani, M E Mousavi
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to describe the development and evaluation of a new medial linkage reciprocating gait orthosis (MLRGO) that incorporates a reciprocal mechanism and is sensitive to pelvic motion to potentially assist paraplegic patients to walk and provide functional independence. CASE DESCRIPTION AND METHODS: The new orthosis was constructed and tested by a 20-year-old female paraplegic subject with transverse myelitis at T10 level, who was 4 years post injury and had also been an isocentric reciprocating gait orthosis (IRGO) user for 2 years...
March 2015: Spinal Cord
M Arazpour, M Samadian, M Bahramizadeh, M Joghtaei, M Maleki, M Ahmadi Bani, S W Hutchins
Study design:This is a systematic literature review.Objectives:Different types of orthoses have been developed to enable and facilitate ambulation in individuals with paraplegia. However, their effect on energy consumption while ambulating is not clear. The objective of this review was to compare the energy expenditure required to walk with these devices.Methods:Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) method, and based on selected keywords and their composition according to the Population Intervention Comparison Outcome (PICO) method, a search was performed in Science Direct, Google Scholar, Scopus, Web of Knowledge and PubMed databases...
January 20, 2015: Spinal Cord
Rohit Prakash Bhide, Cassandra Solomons, Suresh Devsahayam, George Tharion
BACKGROUND: Upper extremity strengthening and gait training with orthoses form a major part of inpatient rehabilitation of paraplegic patients in developing countries. This helps to overcome architectural barriers and limited wheelchair accessible environment in the community. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the changes in physiological properties of the Triceps Brachii muscle following exercise training in individuals with paraplegia. The authors also explored the correlation between muscle property changes and gait parameters using orthoses in paraplegic persons...
2015: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
M Ahmadi Bani, M Arazpour, F Farahmand, S Sefati, M Baniasad, S W Hutchins, R Vahab Kashani, M E Mousavi
STUDY DESIGN: A feasibility study on the effect of a new reciprocating orthosis on specific gait parameters for use by people with spinal cord injury. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to design and develop a new medial linkage orthosis (MLO) mechanism incorporating a reciprocating motion and to determine its efficacy in improving specific spatiotemporal, kinematic and kinetic parameters while ambulating when worn by healthy subjects. This was achieved via the use of a lower limb paralysis simulator (LLPS)...
May 2015: Spinal Cord
A Kovindha, P Kammuang-lue
OBJECTIVE: To report and discuss the case of an incomplete paraplegic patient who died of pulmonary embolism (PE) aggravated by manual muscle testing. SETTING: Acute spinal ward, Maharaj Hospital, Chiang Mai, Thailand. CASE REPORT: A 79-year-old man suffering from chest trauma, fractured ribs and a fracture of T11 with incomplete paraplegia, American Spinal Injury Association impairment scale D. Intercostal tubes were inserted at both sides due to haemothorax...
November 2014: Spinal Cord
Kazuhiro Ohtakara, Hiroaki Hoshi
Radiotherapy for acute metastatic epidural spinal cord compression (MESCC) involves conventional techniques and dose fractionation schemes, as it needs to be initiated quickly. However, even with rapid intervention, few paraplegic patients regain ambulation. Here, we describe the case of a mid-octogenarian who presented with severe pain and nonambulatory quadriparesis attributable to MESCC at the fifth cervical vertebra, which developed 10 months after the diagnosis of undifferentiated carcinoma of the gallbladder...
2014: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Antonio J Del-Ama, Angel Gil-Agudo, José L Pons, Juan C Moreno
Locomotor training has proved to provide beneficial effect in terms of mobility in incomplete paraplegic patients. Neuroprosthetic technology can contribute to increase the efficacy of a training paradigm in the promotion of a locomotor pattern. Robotic exoskeletons can be used to manage the unavoidable loss of performance of artificially driven muscles. Hybrid exoskeletons blend complementary robotic and neuro-prosthetic technologies. The aim of this pilot study was to determine the effects of hybrid gait training in three case studies with persons with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI) in terms of locomotion performance during assisted gait, patient-robot adaptations, impact on ambulation and assessment of lower limb muscle strength and spasticity...
2014: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
R K Portenoy
Back pain is a common symptom in the cancer population. For some patients, the complaint reflects a process independent of the underlying disease, such as myofascial pain, discogenic disease, or osteoporosis. Many patients, however, experience pain as the first indication of a spinal neoplasm, and this possibility increases the diagnostic challenge. This article discusses the presentation, evaluation, and treatment of spinal epidural neoplasm in patients with cancer.Symptomatic epidural neoplasm occurs in approximately 5 to 10% of patients with metastatic cancer...
January 1, 1993: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Hidetaka Nishida, Masanari Nakayama, Hiroshi Tanaka, Hiroaki Kamishina, Takeshi Izawa, Shingo Hatoya, Kikuya Sugiura, Yoshihisa Suzuki, Chizuka Ide, Toshio Inaba
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether pNF-H is a prognostic biomarker of spinal cord injury (SCI) in paraplegic dogs with thoracolumbar intervertebral disc herniation (IVDH). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, case-control clinical study ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 60) with SCI from IVDH and 6 healthy dogs. METHODS: Serum from 60 thoracolumbar IVDH dogs (Grade 4: 22 dogs; Grade 5: 38 dogs) collected 1-3 days after injury, and 6 control dogs, was analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) against a phosphorylated form of the high-molecular-weight neurofilament subunit NF-H (pNF-H)...
March 2014: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Shigeo Tanabe, Satoshi Hirano, Eiichi Saitoh
BACKGROUND: Due to physical and psychosocial issues associated with long-term sitting in a wheelchair, devising new ways to facilitate upright mobility is a key issue in rehabilitation medicine. Wearable Power-Assist Locomotor (WPAL) is a motorized orthosis and is developed for providing independent and comfortable walking for paraplegic patients. METHODS: The WPAL consists of a wearable robotic orthosis and custom walker. To facilitate alternate usage with a wheelchair, the wearable robotic orthosis is based on a medial system with motors located at the bilateral hip, knee and ankle joints to reduce the increase in heart rate during gait...
2013: NeuroRehabilitation
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