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Veteran PTSD War Veterans

Masaya Misaki, Raquel Phillips, Vadim Zotev, Chung-Ki Wong, Brent E Wurfel, Frank Krueger, Matthew Feldner, Jerzy Bodurka
Altered resting-state functional connectivity in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) suggests neuropathology of the disorder. While seed-based fMRI connectivity analysis is often used for the studies, such analysis requires defining a seed location a priori , which restricts search scope and could bias findings toward presupposed areas. Recently, a comprehensive exploratory voxel-wise connectivity analysis, the connectome-wide association approach, has been introduced using multivariate distance matrix regression (MDMR) for resting-state functional connectivity analysis...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
Apollonia Fox, Drew Helmer, Chin-Lin Tseng, Lydia Patrick-DeLuca, Omowunmi Osinubi
Introduction: Previous studies suggest that autonomic dysfunction may be an underlying factor in Gulf War Illness. This study examined self-reported symptoms of autonomic dysfunction and their relationship with physical functioning among veterans with Gulf War Illness. Materials and Methods: We abstracted medical records of Gulf War Veterans clinically evaluated at the New Jersey War Related Illness and Injury Study Center between 2010 and 2016. The outcome measure was the Veteran version of the Short Form Health Survey (VR-36) physical functioning scale...
March 1, 2018: Military Medicine
Kevin Brailey, Mary Alice Mills, Brian P Marx, Susan P Proctor, Karen H Seal, Avron Spiro, Erin W Ulloa, Jennifer J Vasterling
War zone deployment and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been associated with morbidity and mortality decades later. Less is known about the associations between these variables and the early emergence of medical disorders in war zone veterans. This prospective study of 862 U.S. Army soldiers (n = 569 deployed; n = 293 nondeployed) examined: (a) associations between Iraq War deployment status (deployed vs. nondeployed) and new medical diagnoses that emerged within six months after return from Iraq among all participants; and (b) associations between combat severity and PTSD symptoms, and new postdeployment medical diagnoses that emerged within 12 months after return from Iraq within deployed participants...
February 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
Craig A Marquardt, Daniel J Goldman, Bruce N Cuthbert, Shmuel Lissek, Scott R Sponheim
Emotional dysfunction is evident in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), yet it is unclear what aspects of the disorder most directly relate to aberrant emotional responding. Also, the frequent co-occurrence of blast-related mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs) among recently deployed U.S. military personnel complicates efforts to understand the basis for emotional disruption. We studied a cross-sectional sample (enriched for PTSD and mTBI) of 123 U.S. veterans of wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. We measured subjective affective evaluations and peripheral psychophysiological responses to images with pleasant, neutral, unpleasant, and combat-related aversive content...
February 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
Eric C Meyer, Sheila B Frankfurt, Nathan A Kimbrel, Bryann B DeBeer, Suzy B Gulliver, Sandra B Morrisette
OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) strongly predicts greater disability and lower quality of life (QOL). Mindfulness-based and other third-wave behavior therapy interventions improve well-being by enhancing mindfulness, self-compassion, and psychological flexibility. We hypothesized that these mechanisms of therapeutic change would comprise a single latent factor that would predict disability and QOL after accounting for PTSD symptom severity. METHOD: Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans (N = 117) completed a study of predictors of successful reintegration...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Yura Loscalzo, Marco Giannini, Alessio Gori, Annamaria Di Fabio
Working as a peacekeeper is associated with the exposure to acute and/or catastrophic events and chronic stressors. Hence, the meager literature about peacekeepers' wellbeing has mainly analyzed Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). This study aims to deep the analysis of the wellbeing of peacekeepers military. Based on the few studies on this population, we hypothesized that Italian peacekeeper military officers and enlisted men ( n = 167; 103 males, 6 females, 58 missing) exhibit lower levels of internalizing symptoms (i...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Brian I O'Toole, Mark Dadds, Sue Outram, Stanley V Catts
Background: War service increases the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to combatants, and has been shown to increase the risk of PTSD in their offspring. The extent to which there is an excess compared with the general population is not yet established, nor whether PTSD increases the risk of other psychiatric problems. Methods: A national sample of 133 sons and 182 daughters of a cohort of 179 Australian Vietnam veterans' families were assessed in person, using structured psychiatric interviews...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
Meaghan C Mobbs, George A Bonanno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Fariborz Rezaeitalab, Naghmeh Mokhber, Yalda Ravanshad, Soheila Saberi, Fariba Rezaeetalab
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a prevalent disorder among military veterans. The goal of this study is to compare the polysomnographic patterns of OSA in military veterans who have a history of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with those of veterans who have not PTSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-two Iranian military male veterans were classified into two groups: those with PTSD (40 cases) and those without PTSD (32 cases). Each participant was diagnosed with OSA using an overnight polysomnography, during which sleep-related parameters such as sleep efficiency (SE) and apnea-related events were detected...
January 4, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Ofir Levi, Gadi Lubin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The goal of the study was to determine the long-term prevalence of combat-related treatment seeking and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Israel's veterans deployed to the Second Lebanon War (2006) and "Operation Cast Lead" in the Gaza Strip (2009). METHODS: The prevalence of treatment seeking and DSM-IV-TR diagnoses among Israel Defense Force (IDF) veterans was assessed using seven and five year's surveillance and records. The whereabouts and combat exposure of veterans during the war was determined based on the IDF's Operations Directorate records...
January 4, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Miranda Worthen, Sujit D Rathod, Gregory Cohen, Laura Sampson, Robert Ursano, Robert Gifford, Carol Fullerton, Sandro Galea, Jennifer Ahern
Violent behavior is an important problem for military service members and veterans. A representative cohort of U.S. Reserve and National Guard personnel ( N = 1,293) were interviewed to assess self-reported problems controlling violent behavior, deployment traumas, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), alcohol abuse, and social support. Poisson regression models were used to estimate the associations of violent behavior with risk and protective factors. Problems controlling violent behavior were uncommon among male (3...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Alec Buchanan, Elina Stefanovics, Robert A Rosenheck
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been linked to violent behavior, especially among military personnel returning from service in a war zone. Little is known, however, about whether the extent of violent behavior among persons with PTSD changes in response to intensive treatment or about the predictors and correlates of any such change. METHODS: The study examined data from over 35,000 U.S. military veterans treated in specialized intensive Veterans Health Administration PTSD programs...
December 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Jennifer J Vasterling, Mihaela Aslan, Lewina O Lee, Susan P Proctor, John Ko, Shawna Jacob, John Concato
OBJECTIVES: Military deployment is associated with increased risk of adverse emotional and cognitive outcomes. Longitudinal associations involving posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), relatively mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), and neurocognitive compromise are poorly understood, especially with regard to long-term outcomes, and rigorous research is necessary to better understand the corresponding relationships. The objective of this study was to examine short-term and long-term (>5 years) longitudinal associations among PTSD, neurocognitive performance, and TBI following military deployment...
December 4, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
Almir Fajkić, Miralem Musić, Alma Džubur Kulenović, Asija Začiragić, Nesina Avdagić, Nermina Babić, Orhan Lepara, Esad Pepić, Amela Dervišević, Jasminko Huskić
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate serum nitric oxide (NO) and C reactive protein (CRP) concentration in veterans with and without PTSD. Furthermore, we aimed to assess whether there is a correlation between serum NO and CRP concentrations in tested groups. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study included 90 male individuals, with and without experience of direct war combat, divided into three equal groups (n=30): group 1- included war veterans with PTSD, group 2 - included war veterans without PTSD, and control group - 30 apparently healthy volunteers, without experience of direct war combat...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
Meaghan C Mobbs, George A Bonanno
Although only a relatively small minority of military veterans develop Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), mental health theory and research with military veterans has focused primarily on PTSD and its treatment. By contrast, many and by some accounts most veterans experience high levels of stress during the transition to civilian life, however transition stress has received scant attention. In this paper we attempt to address this deficit by reviewing the wider range of challenges, rewards, successes, and failures that transitioning veterans might experience, as well as the factors that might moderate these experiences...
February 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Zhewu Wang, Blaine Caughron, M Rita I Young
Patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) exhibit an increased state of inflammation. Various animal models for PTSD have shown some of the same immune imbalances as have been shown in human subjects with PTSD, and some of these studies are discussed in this review. However, animal studies can only indirectly implicate immune involvement in PTSD in humans. This review of mainly studies with human subjects focuses on dissecting the immunological role in the pathogenesis of PTSD following initial trauma exposure...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Brian I O'Toole, Robyn Kirk, Renée Bittoun, Stanley V Catts
Background: Whether trauma exposure itself or consequent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is primarily responsible for smoking and failure to quit remains unclear. Methods: A cohort of male Australian Vietnam veterans (N = 388) was interviewed twice, 22 and 36 years after their return to Australia using standardized psychiatric diagnostic and health interviews and assessment of combat exposure. The smoking trajectory over time revealed a spectrum of outcomes (never smoked, early quitters, late quitters, continuing smokers)...
November 17, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Paul G Harch, Susan R Andrews, Edward F Fogarty, Juliette Lucarini, Keith W Van Meter
Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) persistent post-concussion syndrome (PPCS) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are epidemic in United States Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans. Treatment of the combined diagnoses is limited. The aim of this study is to assess safety, feasibility, and effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen treatments (HBOT) for mild TBI PPCS and PTSD. Thirty military subjects aged 18-65 with PPCS with or without PTSD and from one or more blast-induced mild-moderate traumatic brain injuries that were a minimum of 1 year old and occurred after 9/11/2001 were studied...
July 2017: Medical Gas Research
(no author information available yet)
Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 through to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives highlights articles selected to fit today's topics and times...
November 2017: American Journal of Nursing
Wolf E Mehling, Margaret A Chesney, Thomas J Metzler, Lizabeth A Goldstein, Shira Maguen, Chris Geronimo, Gary Agcaoili, Deborah E Barnes, Jennifer A Hlavin, Thomas C Neylan
OBJECTIVE: Innovative approaches to the treatment of war-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are needed. We report on secondary psychological outcomes of a randomized controlled trial of integrative exercise (IE) using aerobic and resistance exercise with mindfulness-based principles and yoga. We expected-in parallel to observed improvements in PTSD intensity and quality of life-improvements in mindfulness, interoceptive bodily awareness, and positive states of mind. METHOD: A total of 47 war veterans with PTSD were randomized to 12-week IE versus waitlist...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
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