keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Veteran PTSD War Veterans

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929311/different-types-of-combat-experiences-and-associated-symptoms-in-oef-and-oif-national-guard-and-reserve-veterans
#1
M Tracie Shea, Candice Presseau, Shauna L Finley, Madhavi K Reddy, Christopher Spofford
OBJECTIVE: It is well established that exposure to combat is a risk factor for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The experiences of military personnel serving in combat zones vary widely however, leading to increased attention to the impact of different types of combat trauma. The present study examined the relationships among 3 conceptually based categories of combat exposure with 4 PTSD symptom clusters (reexperiencing, avoidance, numbing, and hyperarousal) and symptoms of guilt, depression, and anxiety...
December 8, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922725/resilience-and-traumatic-brain-injury-among-iraq-afghanistan-war-veterans-differential-patterns-of-adjustment-and-quality-of-life
#2
Timothy R Elliott, Yu-Yu Hsiao, Nathan A Kimbrel, Eric Meyer, Bryann B DeBeer, Suzy Bird Gulliver, Oi-Man Kwok, Sandra B Morissette
OBJECTIVE: We examined the degree to which a resilient personality prototype predicted adjustment among war Veterans with and without a traumatic brain injury (TBI) while covarying the level of combat exposure. METHOD: A total of 127 war Veterans (107 men, 20 women; average age = 37 years) participated. Personality prototypes were derived from the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire (Patrick, Curtain, & Tellegen, 2002). Measures were administered at baseline, and a subset was administered at 4- and 8-month follow-ups...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918879/auditory-hallucinations-and-ptsd-in-ex-pows
#3
Laura Crompton, Yael Lahav, Zahava Solomon
Literature has suggested that auditory hallucinations might be prevalent in the general population and could be linked to the experience of trauma. This prospective study examines the prevalence of auditory hallucinations in trauma survivors and its association with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, over time. Former prisoners-of-war (ex-POWs) from the 1973 Yom Kippur War (n = 99) with and without PTSD and comparable veterans (n = 103) were assessed twice, in 1991 (T1) and 2003 (T2) in regards to auditory hallucinations and PTSD symptoms...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886370/epigenetic-alterations-of-the-bdnf-gene-in-combat-related-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#4
T Y Kim, S J Kim, H G Chung, J H Choi, S H Kim, J I Kang
OBJECTIVE: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays a crucial role in modulating resilience and vulnerability to stress. The aim of this study was to investigate whether epigenetic regulation of the BDNF gene is a biomarker of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) development among veterans exposed to combat in the Vietnam War. METHODS: Using the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale, combat veterans were grouped into those with (n = 126) and without (n = 122) PTSD...
November 25, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880620/a-relational-model-for-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-captivity-trauma-a-23-year-longitudinal-study
#5
Gadi Zerach, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVES: The aversive, long-term toll of war captivity and fathers' combat-induced posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on adult offspring's secondary traumatization (ST) has been recently exemplified. However, the study of potential mechanisms of the intergenerational transmission of trauma to offspring is still lacking. This prospective study aimed to assess the role of fathers' PTSD symptoms (PTSS), paternal parenting, and adult offspring's attachment insecurities in adult offspring's PTSS...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863701/the-many-wounds-of-war-the-association-of-service-related-and-clinical-characteristics-with-problems-with-the-law-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans
#6
Autumn Backhaus, Shadi Gholizadeh, Kathryn M Godfrey, James Pittman, Niloofar Afari
Previous research has demonstrated that veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at higher risk for aggression, hostility, and anger, potentially leading to problems with the law or disciplinary action while in the military. There have been calls for increased consideration of the unique aspects of the judicial system in legal matters with veterans involved. The bulk of the research so far has considered the link between PTSD, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and combat exposure, but little is known about the potential role of chronic pain and Military Sexual Trauma (MST) in a veteran's experience of anger, aggression, and discipline while in the military and legal concerns...
November 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863316/is-the-war-really-over-a-20-year-longitudinal-study-on-trajectories-of-suicidal-ideation-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-following-combat
#7
Avigal Snir, Yossi Levi-Belz, Zahava Solomon
Combat stress reaction (CSR) has widespread long-term consequences, including profound psychopathology in the form of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Studies have established the link between combat, PTSD, and suicidality. However, little is known about the temporal course of suicidal ideation (SI) in general, specifically among war veterans. We aimed to trace the trajectories of SI in the aftermath of war and to explore the role of CSR and PTSD in SI trajectories. Israeli veterans with CSR (n=164) and a matched control group (NCSR, n=111) were assessed, using self-report measures at three points over the course of 20 years...
November 1, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852604/longitudinal-examination-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-as-a-long-term-outcome-of-iraq-war-deployment
#8
Jennifer J Vasterling, Mihaela Aslan, Susan P Proctor, John Ko, Brian P Marx, Matthew Jakupcak, Paula P Schnurr, Theresa Gleason, Grant D Huang, John Concato
The mental health toll of the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars on military veterans has been considerable, yet little is known about the persistence of these adverse outcomes, especially relative to predeployment status. We prospectively examined posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a long-term consequence of warzone deployment, integrating data collected from 2003-2014. In the Neurocognition Deployment Health Study, we measured PTSD symptoms in US Army soldiers before and shortly after Iraq War deployment. We used the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version and a structured clinical interview (i...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822278/prazosin-for-trauma-nightmares-and-sleep-disturbances-in-combat-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#9
Habibolah Khazaie, Marzie Nasouri, Mohammad Rasoul Ghadami
BACKGROUND: Prazosin is significantly effective to reduce sleep disturbance and trauma nightmare in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, results of different studies were evaluated. OBJECTIVES: The current randomized clinical trial aimed to assess the effects of prazosin on sleep parameters and nightmares among veterans with chronic PTSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two veterans with chronic war-induced PTSD and distressing nightmares were randomized into prazosin and placebo groups for eight weeks...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819459/marital-conflict-and-nocturnal-blood-pressure-dipping-in-military-couples
#10
Wendy M Troxel, Amy DeSantis, Anne Germain, Daniel J Buysse, Karen A Matthews
Objective: Our goal was to examine the association between marital conflict and nocturnal blood pressure dipping (NBP) in Iraq/Afghanistan healthy veterans and their partners and to determine whether sleep disturbances mediate such associations. Method: The sample consisted of 25 heterosexual couples comprised of male veterans and their female civilian spouses/partners. Blood pressure was measured across 48 hr, and NBP was calculated as the ratio of sleep/wake mean arterial pressure (MAP). Marital conflict was assessed by questionnaire...
November 7, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803688/exposure-to-a-predator-scent-induces-chronic-behavioral-changes-in-rats-previously-exposed-to-low-level-blast-implications-for-the-relationship-of-blast-related-tbi-to-ptsd
#11
Georgina Perez-Garcia, Miguel A Gama Sosa, Rita De Gasperi, Margaret Lashof-Sullivan, Eric Maudlin-Jeronimo, James R Stone, Fatemeh Haghighi, Stephen T Ahlers, Gregory A Elder
Blast-related mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) has been unfortunately common in veterans who served in the recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. The postconcussion syndrome associated with these mTBIs has frequently appeared in combination with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The presence of PTSD has complicated diagnosis, since clinically, PTSD and the postconcussion syndrome of mTBI have many overlapping symptoms. In particular, establishing how much of the symptom complex can be attributed to the psychological trauma associated with PTSD in contrast to the physical injury of traumatic brain injury has proven difficult...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784650/how-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-comorbid-health-conditions-utilize-ehealth-to-manage-their-health-care-needs-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#12
Julia M Whealin, Emily C Jenchura, Ava C Wong, Donna M Zulman
BACKGROUND: Mental health conditions are prevalent among US veterans and pose a number of self-management and health care navigation challenges. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) with comorbid chronic medical conditions (CMCs) is especially common, in both returning Iraq or Afghanistan and earlier war-era veterans. Patient-facing electronic health (eHealth) technology may offer innovative strategies to support these individuals' needs. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to identify the types of eHealth tools that veterans with PTSD and comorbid CMCs use, understand how they currently use eHealth technology to self-manage their unique health care needs, and identify new eHealth resources that veterans feel would empower them to better manage their health care...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757001/ptsd-treatment-for-veterans-what-s-working-what-s-new-and-what-s-next
#13
Miriam Reisman
More than a decade of war in the Middle East has pushed post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to the forefront of public health concerns. The author defines the disorder and discusses risk factors, treatments, and the barriers to effective care.
October 2016: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747799/prevalence-of-central-nervous-system-polypharmacy-and-associations-with-overdose-and-suicide-related-behaviors-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-war-veterans-in-va-care-2010-2011
#14
Garen A Collett, Kangwon Song, Carlos A Jaramillo, Jennifer S Potter, Erin P Finley, Mary Jo Pugh
BACKGROUND: The increase in the quantities of central nervous system (CNS)-acting medications prescribed has coincided with increases in overdose mortality, suicide-related behaviors, and unintentional deaths in military personnel deployed in support of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Data on the extent and impact of prescribing multiple CNS drugs among Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans (IAVs) are sparse. OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify the characteristics of IAVs with CNS polypharmacy and examine the association of CNS polypharmacy with drug overdose and suicide-related behaviors controlling for known risk factors...
March 2016: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724838/suicidal-ideation-among-wives-of-former-prisoners-of-war-a-longitudinal-dyadic-study
#15
Gadi Zerach, Yossi Levi-Belz, Menucha Michelson, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVES: The associations between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and suicidal ideation (SI) among ex-prisoners of war (ex-POWs) has recently been exemplified. Several studies have revealed the toll of war captivity in the secondary traumatization (ST) of ex-POWs' wives. This study aimed to assess SI among ex-POWs' wives and the longitudinal associations between their husbands' PTSD and their own ST. METHOD: A sample of 233 Israeli couples (142 ex-POW couples and a comparison group of 91 veteran couples) completed self-report measures of PTSD symptoms, SI, and depression at two time points: T1 (2003) and T2 (2008), 30 and 37 years after the 1973 Yom Kippur War...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716776/a-dynamic-model-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-for-military-personnel-and-veterans
#16
Navid Ghaffarzadegan, Alireza Ebrahimvandi, Mohammad S Jalali
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) stands out as a major mental illness; however, little is known about effective policies for mitigating the problem. The importance and complexity of PTSD raise critical questions: What are the trends in the population of PTSD patients among military personnel and veterans in the postwar era? What policies can help mitigate PTSD? To address these questions, we developed a system dynamics simulation model of the population of military personnel and veterans affected by PTSD...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673557/the-double-edged-sword-outward-and-inward-directed-aggression-among-war-combatants
#17
Avigal Snir, Liat Itzhaky, Zahava Solomon
Inspired by the two-stage model of countervailing forces, we explored the mechanism underlining inward and outward aggression among ex-combatants. Israeli veterans (N = 230) reported their partner's violence (outward aggression), suicidal ideation (inward aggression), aggressive impulses, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), paranoid ideation and guilt. Suicidal ideation was related to aggressive impulses only in the presence of PTSD, or under high guilt; whereas paranoid ideation buffered these effects...
September 27, 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638184/increased-pro-inflammatory-milieu-in-combat-related-ptsd-a-new-cohort-replication-study
#18
Daniel Lindqvist, Firdaus S Dhabhar, Synthia H Mellon, Rachel Yehuda, S Marlene Grenon, Janine D Flory, Linda M Bierer, Duna Abu-Amara, Michelle Coy, Iouri Makotkine, Victor I Reus, F Saverio Bersani, Charles R Marmar, Owen M Wolkowitz
INTRODUCTION: Several lines of evidence indicate that increased inflammation is associated with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). We have previously reported that peripheral inflammatory markers are significantly higher in combat-exposed veterans with than without PTSD. This study was designed to replicate these findings in a new study cohort using the same population and recruitment strategies. METHODS: Sixty-one male war veterans (31 PTSD and 30 control subjects) were included in this replication study...
September 13, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623485/the-roles-of-fathers-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-adult-offspring-s-differentiation-of-the-self-in-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-captivity-trauma
#19
Shelly Nicolai, Gadi Zerach, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVES: This prospective study aims to assess the role of fathers' posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms (PTSS), the course of these symptoms over the years, and the relationship between these symptoms and their adult offspring's own PTSS and level of differentiation of self. METHOD: A sample of 123 Israeli father-child dyads (79 ex-prisoners of war [ex-POWs] dyads and a comparison group of 44 veterans' dyads) completed self-report measures. The fathers participated in 2 waves of measurements (1991 and 2008), while the offspring took part in 2013-2014...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580161/moral-transgression-during-the-vietnam-war-a-path-analysis-of-the-psychological-impact-of-veterans-involvement-in-wartime-atrocities
#20
Paul A Dennis, Nora M Dennis, Elizabeth E Van Voorhees, Patrick S Calhoun, Michelle F Dennis, Jean C Beckham
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Involvement in wartime combat often conveys a number of deleterious outcomes, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, hostility aggression, and suicidal ideation. Less studied is the effect of engagement in wartime atrocities, including witnessing and perpetrating abusive violence. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study employed path analysis to examine the direct effects of involvement in wartime atrocities on hostility, aggression, depression, and suicidal ideation independent of combat exposure, as well as the indirect effects via guilt and PTSD symptom severity among 603 help-seeking male Vietnam War veterans...
August 31, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
keyword
keyword
105267
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"