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Veteran PTSD War Veterans

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772483/the-influence-of-deployment-stress-and-life-stress-on-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-diagnosis-among-military-personnel
#1
Janeese A Brownlow, Gerard A Zitnik, Carmen P McLean, Philip R Gehrman
There is increasing recognition that traumatic stress encountered throughout life, including those prior to military service, can put individuals at increased risk for developing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The purpose of this study was to examine the association of both traumatic stress encountered during deployment, and traumatic stress over one's lifetime on probable PTSD diagnosis. Probable PTSD diagnosis was compared between military personnel deployed in Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF; N = 21,499) and those who have recently enlisted (N = 55,814), using data obtained from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS)...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753170/imagining-trauma-memory-amplification-and-the-role-of-elaborative-cognitions
#2
Jacinta M Oulton, Deryn Strange, Reginald D V Nixon, Melanie K T Takarangi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Trauma victims, such as war veterans, often remember additional traumatic events over time: the "memory amplification effect". This effect is associated with the re-experiencing symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), including frequent and intrusive images of the trauma. One explanation for memory amplification is that people gradually incorporate new, imagined information about the trauma with what they actually experienced, leading to an amplified memory for what actually happened...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736102/embitterment-in-war-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#3
Dzevad Sabic, Adela Sabic, Olivera Batic-Mujanovic
Aim: The aim of this study was to analyze frequency of embitterment in war veterans with Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Patients and Methods: It was analyzed 174 subjects (from Health Center Zivinice/ Mental Health Center) through a survey conducted in the period from March 2015 to June 2016, of witch 87 war veterans with PTSD and control subjects 87 war veterans without PTSD. The primary outcome measure was the Post-Traumatic Embitterment Disorder Self-Rating Scale (PTED Scale) who contains 19 items designed to assess features of embitterment reactions to negative life events...
April 2018: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733396/trends-in-mental-health-outcomes-and-combat-exposure-among-us-marines-returning-from-iraq-afghanistan-or-other-deployments-2004-13
#4
Jessica Kelley Morgan, Alison Levin-Rector, Richard A Van Dorn, James Trudeau, Laurel L Hourani, Joel K Cartwright, Pamela K Lattimore
Background: As of 2015, more than 2.7 million US military Veterans have served in support of the Global War on Terror. The negative sequelae associated with deployment stressors and related traumas are well-documented. Although data on mental health issues are routinely collected from service members returning from deployment, these data have not been made publicly available, leaving researchers and clinicians to rely on convenience samples, outdated studies and small sample sizes. Methods: Population-based data of US Marines returning from deployment between 2004 and 2013 were analyzed, using the Post-Deployment Health Assessment...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723025/gender-differences-in-associations-between-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-clusters-and-functional-impairment-in-war-veterans
#5
Eric C Meyer, Brian Konecky, Nathan A Kimbrel, Bryann B DeBeer, Brian P Marx, Jeremiah Schumm, Walter E Penk, Suzy Bird Gulliver, Sandra B Morissette
Understanding the links between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and functional impairment is essential for assisting veterans in transitioning to civilian life. Moreover, there may be differences between men and women in the relationships between PTSD symptoms and functional impairment. However, no prior studies have examined the links between functional impairment and the revised symptom clusters as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed. (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) or whether the associations between PTSD symptom clusters and functional impairment differ by gender...
May 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697712/moral-injury-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-religious-involvement-among-u-s-veterans
#6
Nagy A Youssef, Elizabeth Boswell, Shashana Fiedler, Rebecca Jump, Elizabeth Lee, Mark Yassa, Fazal Khan, Ananda Pathiraja, David Rizk, Michelle Pearce, Keisha O'Garo, Joseph M Currier, Harold G Koenig
BACKGROUND: Traumatic experiences can cause ethical conflicts. "Moral injury" (MI) has been used to describe this emotional/cognitive state, and could contribute to the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or block its recovery. We examine the relationship between MI and PTSD, and the impact of religious involvement (RI) on that relationship. METHODS: We conducted a study of 120 veterans enrolled at the Charlie Norwood VA Medical Center in Augusta, Georgia...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649711/the-interaction-of-bdnf-val66met-ptsd-and-child-abuse-on-psychophysiological-reactivity-and-hpa-axis-function-in-a-sample-of-gulf-war-veterans
#7
Dmitri A Young, Thomas C Neylan, Aoife O'Donovan, Thomas Metzler, Anne Richards, Jessica A Ross, Sabra S Inslicht
INTRODUCTION: While the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism has been linked to various psychological disorders, limited focus has been on its relationship to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and early traumas such as child abuse. Therefore, we assessed whether Val66Met was associated with fear potentiated psychophysiological response and HPA axis dysfunction and whether PTSD status or child abuse history moderated these outcomes in a sample of Veterans. METHODS: 226 and 173 participants engaged in a fear potentiated acoustic startle paradigm and a dexamethasone suppression test (DST) respectively...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600591/veteran-centred-content-in-medical-education
#8
Paula T Ross, Monica L Lypson
BACKGROUND: Veterans have unique experiences that warrant special consideration in health care. Unfortunately, training in veteran-centred care has not been a clear focus of medical education, and only a very small proportion of medical schools include military cultural competency in their curricula. METHODS: We conducted an 80-minute focus group with six US veterans. Open-ended questions were used to elicit their perceptions of the health care that they receive, and how it can be improved...
March 30, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590473/disability-rating-age-at-death-and-cause-of-death-in-u-s-veterans-with-service-connected-conditions
#9
Charles Maynard, Ranak Trivedi, Karin Nelson, Stephan D Fihn
Introduction: The association between disability and cause of death in Veterans with service-connected disabilities has not been studied. The objective of this study was to compare age at death, military service and disability characteristics, including disability rating, and cause of death by year of birth. We also examined cause of death for specific service-connected conditions. Materials and methods: This study used information from the VETSNET file, which is a snapshot of selected items from the Veterans Benefits Administration corporate database...
March 26, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576410/the-effects-of-early-trauma-and-the-fkbp5-gene-on-ptsd-and-the-hpa-axis-in-a-clinical-sample-of-gulf-war-veterans
#10
Dmitri A Young, Sabra S Inslicht, Thomas J Metzler, Thomas C Neylan, Jessica A Ross
Previous research indicates that interactions between FKBP5 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and child abuse are associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adulthood. We examined the relationship between the T-allele of the rs1360780 FKBP5 SNP and child abuse on PTSD and the HPA axis in a clinical sample of Gulf War veterans. Genotyping was completed on 266 veterans and 174 veterans additionally participated in a low dose dexamethasone suppression test (DST). The CAPS was used to determine PTSD status and the THQ was used to determine child abuse operationalized as either childhood physical or sexual abuse...
March 16, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549691/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-coping-styles-of-war-veterans-twenty-years-after-the-war-from-tuzla-canton
#11
Zihnet Selimbašić, Maja Brkić, Nermina Kravić, Jasmin Hamidović, Mirna Selimbašić
Aim To analyse symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder and coping strategies of war veterans in Tuzla Canton twenty years after the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). Methods The study analysed a group of 120 war veterans from the Tuzla Canton who had experience of the war in BiH. For assessment of posttraumatic stress disorder Harvard Trauma Questionnaire was used, a version for Bosnia and Herzegovina and for assessment of coping styles Life Style Index was used. Results Concerning number of traumatic experiences of war veterans, it was found that they suffered 12 traumatic experiences...
February 1, 2018: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527476/connectome-wide-investigation-of-altered-resting-state-functional-connectivity-in-war-veterans-with-and-without-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#12
Masaya Misaki, Raquel Phillips, Vadim Zotev, Chung-Ki Wong, Brent E Wurfel, Frank Krueger, Matthew Feldner, Jerzy Bodurka
Altered resting-state functional connectivity in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) suggests neuropathology of the disorder. While seed-based fMRI connectivity analysis is often used for the studies, such analysis requires defining a seed location a priori , which restricts search scope and could bias findings toward presupposed areas. Recently, a comprehensive exploratory voxel-wise connectivity analysis, the connectome-wide association approach, has been introduced using multivariate distance matrix regression (MDMR) for resting-state functional connectivity analysis...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514346/report-of-autonomic-symptoms-in-a-clinical-sample-of-veterans-with-gulf-war-illness
#13
Apollonia Fox, Drew Helmer, Chin-Lin Tseng, Lydia Patrick-DeLuca, Omowunmi Osinubi
Introduction: Previous studies suggest that autonomic dysfunction may be an underlying factor in Gulf War Illness. This study examined self-reported symptoms of autonomic dysfunction and their relationship with physical functioning among veterans with Gulf War Illness. Materials and Methods: We abstracted medical records of Gulf War Veterans clinically evaluated at the New Jersey War Related Illness and Injury Study Center between 2010 and 2016. The outcome measure was the Veteran version of the Short Form Health Survey (VR-36) physical functioning scale...
March 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513919/prospective-examination-of-early-associations-of-iraq-war-zone-deployment-combat-severity-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-with-new-incident-medical-diagnoses
#14
Kevin Brailey, Mary Alice Mills, Brian P Marx, Susan P Proctor, Karen H Seal, Avron Spiro, Erin W Ulloa, Jennifer J Vasterling
War zone deployment and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been associated with morbidity and mortality decades later. Less is known about the associations between these variables and the early emergence of medical disorders in war zone veterans. This prospective study of 862 U.S. Army soldiers (n = 569 deployed; n = 293 nondeployed) examined: (a) associations between Iraq War deployment status (deployed vs. nondeployed) and new medical diagnoses that emerged within six months after return from Iraq among all participants; and (b) associations between combat severity and PTSD symptoms, and new postdeployment medical diagnoses that emerged within 12 months after return from Iraq within deployed participants...
February 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513916/symptoms-of-posttraumatic-stress-rather-than-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-best-account-for-altered-emotional-responses-in-military-veterans
#15
Craig A Marquardt, Daniel J Goldman, Bruce N Cuthbert, Shmuel Lissek, Scott R Sponheim
Emotional dysfunction is evident in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), yet it is unclear what aspects of the disorder most directly relate to aberrant emotional responding. Also, the frequent co-occurrence of blast-related mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs) among recently deployed U.S. military personnel complicates efforts to understand the basis for emotional disruption. We studied a cross-sectional sample (enriched for PTSD and mTBI) of 123 U.S. veterans of wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. We measured subjective affective evaluations and peripheral psychophysiological responses to images with pleasant, neutral, unpleasant, and combat-related aversive content...
February 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488629/the-influence-of-mindfulness-self-compassion-psychological-flexibility-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-on-disability-and-quality-of-life-over-time-in-war-veterans
#16
Eric C Meyer, Sheila B Frankfurt, Nathan A Kimbrel, Bryann B DeBeer, Suzy B Gulliver, Sandra B Morrisette
OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) strongly predicts greater disability and lower quality of life (QOL). Mindfulness-based and other third-wave behavior therapy interventions improve well-being by enhancing mindfulness, self-compassion, and psychological flexibility. We hypothesized that these mechanisms of therapeutic change would comprise a single latent factor that would predict disability and QOL after accounting for PTSD symptom severity. METHOD: Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans (N = 117) completed a study of predictors of successful reintegration...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487552/the-wellbeing-of-italian-peacekeeper-military-psychological-resources-quality-of-life-and-internalizing-symptoms
#17
Yura Loscalzo, Marco Giannini, Alessio Gori, Annamaria Di Fabio
Working as a peacekeeper is associated with the exposure to acute and/or catastrophic events and chronic stressors. Hence, the meager literature about peacekeepers' wellbeing has mainly analyzed Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). This study aims to deep the analysis of the wellbeing of peacekeepers military. Based on the few studies on this population, we hypothesized that Italian peacekeeper military officers and enlisted men ( n = 167; 103 males, 6 females, 58 missing) exhibit lower levels of internalizing symptoms (i...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425292/the-mental-health-of-sons-and-daughters-of-australian-vietnam-veterans
#18
Brian I O'Toole, Mark Dadds, Sue Outram, Stanley V Catts
Background: War service increases the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to combatants, and has been shown to increase the risk of PTSD in their offspring. The extent to which there is an excess compared with the general population is not yet established, nor whether PTSD increases the risk of other psychiatric problems. Methods: A national sample of 133 sons and 182 daughters of a cohort of 179 Australian Vietnam veterans' families were assessed in person, using structured psychiatric interviews...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395465/corrigendum-to-beyond-war-and-ptsd-the-crucial-role-of-transition-stress-in-the-lives-of-military-veterans-clin-psychol-rev-59-2018-137-144
#19
Meaghan C Mobbs, George A Bonanno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302923/different-polysomnographic-patterns-in-military-veterans-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-those-with-and-without-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#20
Fariborz Rezaeitalab, Naghmeh Mokhber, Yalda Ravanshad, Soheila Saberi, Fariba Rezaeetalab
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a prevalent disorder among military veterans. The goal of this study is to compare the polysomnographic patterns of OSA in military veterans who have a history of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with those of veterans who have not PTSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-two Iranian military male veterans were classified into two groups: those with PTSD (40 cases) and those without PTSD (32 cases). Each participant was diagnosed with OSA using an overnight polysomnography, during which sleep-related parameters such as sleep efficiency (SE) and apnea-related events were detected...
March 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
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