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Veteran PTSD War Veterans

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813305/trauma-and-ptsd-in-older-adults-prevalence-course-concomitants-and-clinical-considerations
#1
REVIEW
Joan M Cook, Vanessa Simiola
This review presents recent empirical developments on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in older adults, highlighting some of the most interesting lines of investigation that have taken place over the past few years. The majority of the extant literature has focused on male veterans or former prisoners of war, Caucasians, and those from the United States. Major advances have taken place in terms longitudinal investigations of representative samples of veterans and their health and functioning in relation to traumatic exposure...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810979/women-veterans-a-population-at-risk-for-fibromyalgia-the-associations-between-fibromyalgia-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#2
Rita F D'Aoust, Alicia Gill Rossiter, Amanda Elliott, Ming Ji, Cecile Lengacher, Maureen Groer
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Federal Health Care recently published an executive summary from a round table discussion indicating that active duty and retired female military personnel are at high risk for adverse health outcomes unique to military service including complications related to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), unreported sexual trauma, and musculoskeletal problems. In 2008, the Institute of Medicine began to review, evaluate, and summarize the literature on health outcomes in Gulf War-deployed and found sufficient evidence of a causal relationship with PTSD and suggestive evidence of an association with fibromyalgia (FM)...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810973/the-influence-of-combat-experience-on-psychologically-healthy-soldiers-attentiveness-to-environmental-threats
#3
Bethany Ranes, Chris P Long, Stephanie Traynham, Amanda Hayes
INTRODUCTION: In contrast to previous research that has primarily examined how psychological disorders (e.g., post-traumatic stress disorder [PTSD], anxiety) are affected by and affect individuals' threat perceptions, this study examines the relationship between combat experience and threat-monitoring in psychologically healthy Soldiers. Existing research has established how prolonged or intense experiences with war-related stressors can lead individuals to undergo an unconscious fear-conditioning process that affects the circuitry of the prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, amygdala, and anterior cingulate cortex regions of the brain...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799471/pathways-between-combat-stress-and-physical-health-among-portuguese-war-veterans
#4
Paulo Correia Ferrajão
In this study, I explored the experience of both physical and psychological chronic illnesses among a sample of Portuguese war veterans. Twenty suffered from chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; unrecovered) and 20 had remission from PTSD (recovered), and all participants suffered from a chronic physician-diagnosed medical disorder. Two semistructured interviews were conducted. Analysis of the interviews was conducted using the Thematic and Categorical Analysis. Unrecovered participants reported higher moral injury, discrepancy between pre- and postwar identity, medication side effects, and lower repertoire of coping strategies, and verbalized that treatment care plan triggers posttraumatic symptoms...
September 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795405/genomewide-dna-methylation-analysis-in-combat-veterans-reveals-a-novel-locus-for-ptsd
#5
D Mehta, D Bruenig, T Carrillo-Roa, B Lawford, W Harvey, C P Morris, A K Smith, E B Binder, R McD Young, J Voisey
OBJECTIVE: Epigenetic modifications such as DNA methylation may play a key role in the aetiology and serve as biomarkers for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We performed a genomewide analysis to identify genes whose DNA methylation levels are associated with PTSD. METHOD: A total of 211 individuals comprising Australian male Vietnam War veterans (n = 96) and males from a general population belonging to the Grady Trauma Project (n = 115) were included. Genomewide DNA methylation was performed from peripheral blood using the Illumina arrays...
August 9, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763718/lifetime-ptsd-and-geriatric-depression-symptomatology-relate-to-altered-dorsomedial-frontal-and-amygdala-morphometry
#6
Lindsay K Knight, Farah Naaz, Teodora Stoica, Brendan E Depue
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) affects a large portion of combat deployed Veterans. Moreover, many individuals also suffer from comorbid late life depression (geriatric depression; GD). While a great deal of research has begun to characterize the morphometric features of PTSD and depression individually, few studies have investigated the interacting effect of these two disorders, specifically in a Veteran population. The current study used cortical and subcortical surface-based morphometry (SBM) in combination with psychological assessments of PTSD and GD symptom severity to examine morphometric alterations in Vietnam War Veterans...
July 25, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750959/bodily-symptoms-in-patients-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-comparative-study-of-traumatized-refugees-danish-war-veterans-and-healthy-controls
#7
Lene Nyboe, Anette Bentholm, Amanda Lundvik Gyllensten
BACKGROUND: Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with increased general health symptoms and patients suffer from numerous bodily complaints such as increased pain, increased muscular tension, and restricted breathing. METHODS AND MATERIAL: This study applied the Body Awareness Movement Quality and Experience scale (BAS MQ-E) in assessing and comparing bodily symptoms, including movement function, in traumatized refugees (N = 14) and Danish war veterans with PTSD (N = 19) and healthy controls (N = 20)...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741810/gender-differences-in-machine-learning-models-of-trauma-and-suicidal-ideation-in-veterans-of-the-iraq-and-afghanistan-wars
#8
Jaimie L Gradus, Matthew W King, Isaac Galatzer-Levy, Amy E Street
Suicide rates among recent veterans have led to interest in risk identification. Evidence of gender-and trauma-specific predictors of suicidal ideation necessitates the use of advanced computational methods capable of elucidating these important and complex associations. In this study, we used machine learning to examine gender-specific associations between predeployment and military factors, traumatic deployment experiences, and psychopathology and suicidal ideation (SI) in a national sample of veterans deployed during the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts (n = 2,244)...
August 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713306/parenting-with-ptsd-a-review-of-research-on-the-influence-of-ptsd-on-parent-child-functioning-in-military-and-veteran-families
#9
REVIEW
Suzannah K Creech, Gabriela Misca
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is strongly associated with exposure to war related trauma in military and veteran populations. In growing recognition that PTSD may influence and be influenced by social support and family systems, research has begun to explore the effects that war related trauma and the ensuing PTSD may have on varied aspects of close relationship and family functioning. Far less research, however, has examined the influence of war-related PTSD on parent-child functioning in this population...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713032/psychosocial-rehabilitation-after-war-trauma-with-adaptive-disclosure-design-and-rationale-of-a-comparative-efficacy-trial
#10
Julie D Yeterian, Danielle S Berke, Brett T Litz
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) from warzone exposure is associated with chronic and disabling social and occupational problems. However, functional impairment is rarely assessed or targeted directly in PTSD treatments, which instead focus on symptom reduction. Trauma-related contributors to diminished functioning, including guilt, shame, and anger resulting from morally compromising or loss-based war experiences, are also underemphasized. The goal of this clinical trial is to fill a substantial gap in the treatment of military-related PTSD by testing a modified Adaptive Disclosure (AD) therapy for war-related PTSD stemming from moral injury and traumatic loss focused on improving psychosocial functioning AD...
July 14, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690925/the-role-of-ptsd-depression-and-alcohol-misuse-symptom-severity-in-linking-deployment-stressor-exposure-and-post-military-work-and-family-outcomes-in-male-and-female-veterans
#11
Brian N Smith, Emily C Taverna, Annie B Fox, Paula P Schnurr, Rebecca A Matteo, Dawne Vogt
Exposure to stressors during military deployment puts veterans at risk for reduced post-military quality of life. Stress-related mental health problems may lead to decreased well-being within work and family domains, yet few studies have explored associations in the context of gender. We examined relationships between deployment stressors and post-military functioning and satisfaction in the domains of work and family, with a focus on PTSD, depression, and alcohol misuse symptomatology as potential mediators...
July 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680693/the-incorporation-of-emotion-regulation-skills-into-couple-and-family-based-treatments-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#12
REVIEW
Deborah A Perlick, Frederic J Sautter, Julia J Becker-Cretu, Danielle Schultz, Savannah C Grier, Alexander V Libin, Manon Maitland Schladen, Shirley M Glynn
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disabling, potentially chronic disorder that is characterized by re-experience and hyperarousal symptoms as well as the avoidance of trauma-related stimuli. The distress experienced by many veterans of the Vietnam War and their partners prompted a strong interest in developing conjoint interventions that could both alleviate the core symptoms of PTSD and strengthen family bonds. We review the evolution of and evidence base for conjoint PTSD treatments from the Vietnam era through the post-911 era...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663541/the-effect-of-trauma-and-ptsd-on-telomere-length-an-exploratory-study-in-people-exposed-to-combat-trauma
#13
Tae Yong Kim, Se Joo Kim, Jong Rak Choi, Seung-Tae Lee, Jieun Kim, In Sik Hwang, Hae Gyung Chung, Jin Hee Choi, Hae Won Kim, Se Hyun Kim, Jee In Kang
Telomere length has been suggested to be a cellular marker for age-related diseases as well as psychosocial stress. The present study investigated whether telomere length is associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among veterans exposed to combat trauma in the Vietnam War. The potentially associated factors on cellular aging were considered. Korean male veterans with (n = 122) and without (n = 120) PTSD were included and leukocyte telomere length was measured with a quantitative PCR-based technique...
June 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658194/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-orientation-to-pain-and-pain-perception-in-ex-prisoners-of-war-who-underwent-torture
#14
Noga Tsur, Ruth Defrin, Karni Ginzburg
OBJECTIVE: Studies suggest that torture survivors often experience long-term chronic pain and increased pain perception. However, it is unclear whether the actual experience of torture or rather the subsequent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) explains these pain problems. Furthermore, although catastrophic and fearful orientations to pain have been suggested to play a significant role in the association between trauma and pain, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. This study examined whether chronic pain and pain perception among torture survivors are associated with torture experience or PTSD and whether catastrophic and fearful orientations mediate or moderate these associations...
July 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629292/increased-blood-pressures-in-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#15
Ehsan Moazen-Zadeh, Alireza Khoshdel, Farhad Avakh, Arash Rahmani
Objective Veterans of war affected by posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at increased risk for cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to compare brachial and central blood pressures between veterans with PTSD and controls. Method In this case-control study on veterans of Iran-Iraq war, 50 veterans with PTSD and 50 veterans as controls were selected from an outpatient clinic and matched for age ±3 years. Exclusion criteria were malignancies, severe anatomical defects such as amputated extremities, history of PTSD before serving in war, comorbid psychiatric disorders other than anxiety or depressive disorders...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590209/psychodynamic-treatment-of-combat-veterans-with-ptsd-at-risk-for-suicide
#16
Herbert Hendin
Posttraumatic stress disorder is a condition associated with suicide in both military personnel and combat veterans. Most veterans with PTSD, however, are not at risk of suicide. The major factor distinguishing those who attempted or were preoccupied with suicide is persistent severe guilt over behavior in combat while emotionally out of control. A 12-session short-term, psychodynamic psychotherapy, presented here, showed promise of success in dissipating the guilt from combat-related actions in veterans of the war in Vietnam...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579519/contributions-of-polygenic-risk-for-obesity-to-ptsd-related-metabolic-syndrome-and-cortical-thickness
#17
Erika J Wolf, Danielle R Miller, Mark W Logue, Jennifer Sumner, Tawni B Stoop, Elizabeth C Leritz, Jasmeet P Hayes, Annjanette Stone, Steven A Schichman, Regina E McGlinchey, William P Milberg, Mark W Miller
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and that PTSD-associated MetS is related to decreased cortical thickness. However, the role of genetic factors in these associations is unclear. This study evaluated contributions of polygenic obesity risk and PTSD to MetS and of MetS and polygenic obesity risk to cortical thickness. METHODS: 196 white, non-Hispanic veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan underwent clinical diagnostic interviews, physiological assessments, and genome-wide genotyping; 168 also completed magnetic resonance imaging scans...
October 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508360/genome-to-phenome-a-systems-biology-approach-to-ptsd-using-an-animal-model
#18
Nabarun Chakraborty, James Meyerhoff, Marti Jett, Rasha Hammamieh
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating illness that imposes significant emotional and financial burdens on military families. The understanding of PTSD etiology remains elusive; nonetheless, it is clear that PTSD is manifested by a cluster of symptoms including hyperarousal, reexperiencing of traumatic events, and avoidance of trauma reminders. With these characteristics in mind, several rodent models have been developed eliciting PTSD-like features. Animal models with social dimensions are of particular interest, since the social context plays a major role in the development and manifestation of PTSD...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494120/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-severity-is-associated-with-reduced-default-mode-network-connectivity-in-individuals-with-elevated-genetic-risk-for-psychopathology
#19
Danielle R Miller, Mark W Logue, Erika J Wolf, Hannah Maniates, Meghan E Robinson, Jasmeet P Hayes, Annjanette Stone, Steven Schichman, Regina E McGlinchey, William P Milberg, Mark W Miller
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with disrupted default mode network (DMN) connectivity, but findings across studies have not been uniform. Individual differences in relevant genes may account for some of the reported variability in the relationship between DMN connectivity and PTSD. In this study, we investigated this possibility using genome-wide association study (GWAS) derived polygenic risk scores (PRSs) for relevant psychiatric traits...
July 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435932/default-mode-network-subsystems-are-differentially-disrupted-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#20
Danielle R Miller, Scott M Hayes, Jasmeet P Hayes, Jeffrey M Spielberg, Ginette Lafleche, Mieke Verfaellie
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric disorder characterized by debilitating re-experiencing, avoidance, and hyperarousal symptoms following trauma exposure. Recent evidence suggests that individuals with PTSD show disrupted functional connectivity in the default mode network, an intrinsic network that consists of a midline core, a medial temporal lobe (MTL) subsystem, and a dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (dMPFC) subsystem. The present study examined whether functional connectivity in these subsystems is differentially disrupted in PTSD...
May 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
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