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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453655/proteomic-and-genomic-responses-of-plants-to-nutritional-stress
#1
REVIEW
Rout George Kerry, Gyana Prakash Mahapatra, Sushmita Patra, Santi Lata Sahoo, Chinmay Pradhan, Bijaya Kumar Padhi, Jyoti Ranjan Rout
Minerals or trace elements in small amount are essential nutrients for every plant, but when the internal concentration exceeds the threshold, these essential elements do create phytotoxicity. Plant responses to elemental stresses are very common due to different anthropogenic activities; however it is a complex phenomenon with individual characteristics for various species. To cope up with the situation, a plant produces a group of strategies both in proteomic and genomic level to overcome it. Controlling the metal stress is known to activate a multigene response resulting in the changes in various proteins, which directly affects almost all biological processes in a living cell...
February 16, 2018: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449204/national-food-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey-of-the-portuguese-general-population-2015-2016-protocol-for-design-and-development
#2
Carla Lopes, Duarte Torres, Andreia Oliveira, Milton Severo, Sofia Guiomar, Violeta Alarcão, Elisabete Ramos, Sara Rodrigues, Sofia Vilela, Luísa Oliveira, Jorge Mota, Pedro J Teixeira, Paulo J Nicola, Simão Soares, Lene Frost Andersen
BACKGROUND: The assessment of food consumption data using harmonized methodologies at the European level is fundamental to support the development of public policies. Portugal is one of the countries with the most outdated information on individual food consumption. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the design and methodology of the National Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, 2015-2016, developed to collect national and regional data on dietary habits, physical activity (PA), and nutritional status, in a representative sample of the Portuguese general population (3 months-84 years)...
February 15, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449152/development-of-the-health-and-weight-attitudes-scale
#3
Teresa Drake, Roberta J Ogletree
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate an instrument to assess attitudes toward Health at Every Size (HAES) principles. METHODS: Survey items were generated based on 5 HAES principles. A panel of reviewers was recruited to establish content validity. A convenience sample of college students in health education was recruited for pilot survey administration. Internal reliability was assessed using Cronbach α and test-retest reliability was assessed with Pearson correlation...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446817/depression-in-tunisian-type-2-diabetic-patients-prevalence-and-association-to-glycemic-control-and-to-treatment-compliance
#4
Faten Ellouze, Rahma Damak, Mehdi El Karoui, Haifa Mami, Mohamed Fadhel M'rad, Ghada Hamdi, Abdelmajid Abid
AIM: to study the prevalence of depression in type 2 diabetes and to seek for a relationship between glycemic control and treatment adherence. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out at the outpatient department of the Tunis nutrition institute. A total of 100 diabetic patients followed for Type 2 diabetes were randomly recruited. We used a structured questionnaire to collect patients' socio-demographic, clinical and therapeutic data. The treatment adherence was assessed by using MAS, Glycemic control according to blood glucose and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels and depression and anxiety by administering a dialectal Arabic validated version of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD)...
March 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445311/fetal-growth-restriction-in-rural-bangladesh-a-prospective-study
#5
Farzana Ferdous, Md Harunor Rashid, Enbo Ma, Rubhana Raqib, Hiromi Hamada, Yukiko Wagatsuma
Background: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) and low birth weight(LBW) are serious public health problems. In developing countries, the incidence of low birth weight is predominantly the result of FGR, and both low birth weight and FGR are associated with neonatal death and later growth and development. Fetal growth charts are important for assessing the size of the fetus during pregnancy. The aims of this study were to describe the fetal growth pattern of a population in rural Bangladesh where maternal undernutrition is prevalent and to compare the timing of FGR in that population with WHO and INTERGROWTH- 21st international reference values...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443402/aspen-nutrition-science-and-practice-conference-las-vegas-nevada-january-22-25-2018-vars-candidates-trainee-awards-best-of-aspen-topic-awards-international-awards-abstracts-of-distinction-posters-of-distinction-and-other-abstracts
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433783/targeting-the-pains-of-food-insecurity-and-malnutrition-among-internally-displaced-persons-with-nutrient-synergy-and-analgesics-in-organ-meat
#7
REVIEW
Peter O Fayemi, Voster Muchenje, Hasan Yetim, Abdulatef Ahhmed
Living with pain is one of the distressing effects of food insecurity and malnutrition among millions of internally displaced persons (IDPs) worldwide. Vulnerability to emotional pain, metabolic imbalance, chronic illnesses and non-communicable diseases by IDPs are associated with stressed livelihood and restricted access to balanced diets in their camps. Tackling the complexity of issues related to internal displacement is challenging as 45% are globally trapped in protracted conditions. In this review, a diet-based intervention is proposed considering the potential benefits of nutrient synergy and analgesic constituents in organ meat...
February 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433498/what-does-an-enabling-environment-for-infant-and-young-child-nutrition-look-like-at-implementation-level-perspectives-from-a-multi-stakeholder-process-in-the-breede-valley-sub-district-western-cape-south-africa
#8
L M Du Plessis, M H McLachlan, S E Drimie
BACKGROUND: Breede Valley is a sub-district of the Cape Winelands district, Western Cape Province, South Africa. The administrative capital of the district is situated in the semi-rural town Worcester. Findings of a baseline survey in Worcester revealed poor infant feeding practices and childhood under- and overnutrition, with particular concern over high levels of stunting and low dietary diversity. Maternal overweight and obesity was high. These characteristics made the site suitable to study multi-sectoral arrangements for infant and young child nutrition (IYCN)...
February 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433050/outdoor-pilot-scale-cultivation-of-spirulina-sp-leb-18-in-different-geographic-locations-for-evaluating-its-growth-and-chemical-composition
#9
Cristiane Santos de Jesus, Lívia da Silva Uebel, Samantha Serra Costa, Andréa Lobo Miranda, Etiele Greque de Morais, Michele Greque de Morais, Jorge Alberto Vieira Costa, Itaciara Larroza Nunes, Ederlan de Souza Ferreira, Janice Izabel Druzian
This study evaluated whether outdoor cultivation of Spirulina sp. in different geographical locations affected its growth and biomass quality, with respect to the chemical composition, volatile compound and heavy metal content, and thermal stability. The positive effect of solar radiation and temperature on biomass productivity in Spirulina sp. cultivated in the northeast was directly related to its improved nutritional characteristics, which occurred with an increase in protein, phycocyanin, and polyunsaturated fatty acid (mainly γ-linolenic) content...
February 9, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432969/age-related-prevalence-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis-and-nasal-polyps-and-their-relationships-with-asthma-onset
#10
Ha-Kyeong Won, Young-Chan Kim, Min-Gyu Kang, Han-Ki Park, Seung-Eun Lee, Min-Hye Kim, Min-Suk Yang, Yoon-Seok Chang, Sang-Heon Cho, Woo-Jung Song
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a major disease condition with high morbidity, and may influence lower airway disease status in adults. However, its associations with adult asthma onset and activity have not been examined in detail in a general adult population. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships between CRS with nasal polyps and asthma characteristics. METHODS: A cross-sectional dataset from 17,506 adult participants (age≥18 years) in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2012 was analyzed...
February 9, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431785/dietary-intake-of-glucono-%C3%AE-lactone-attenuates-skin-inflammation-and-contributes-to-maintaining-skin-condition
#11
Tetsuya Kuwano, Sawako Kawano, Daiji Kagawa, Yuka Yasuda, Yosuke Inoue, Takatoshi Murase
Skin properties are influenced by both external (e.g., ultraviolet [UV], chemicals, and bacteria) and internal factors (e.g., nutrition and hormones). Therefore, some dietary supplements are expected to improve skin conditions. Glucono-δ-lactone (GDL) is widely used as a food additive and is naturally present in wine, honey, and other foods. The aim of this study was to assess whether GDL improves skin condition and inflammation. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 40 healthy Japanese male volunteers were randomly assigned to either the GDL (2000 mg day-1) or placebo group...
February 12, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430446/models-of-disuse-muscle-atrophy-therapeutic-implications-in-critically-ill-patients
#12
REVIEW
Esther Barreiro
Skeletal muscle weakness is common in the intensive care units (ICU). Approximately 50% of patients under mechanical ventilation for more than 7 days show signs of ICU-acquired muscle weakness. In these patients, muscle weakness may be the result of axonal polyneuropathy, myopathy or a combination of both. The commonest risk factors in patients with ICU-acquired weakness (AW) are the severity and duration of the systemic inflammatory response, duration of the stay in the ICU and of mechanical ventilation, hyperglycemia, hypoalbuminemia, parenteral nutrition, and administration of corticosteroids and of neuromuscular blocking agents...
January 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429529/management-and-prevention-of-refeeding-syndrome-in-medical-inpatients-an-evidence-based-and-consensus-supported-algorithm
#13
Natalie Friedli, Zeno Stanga, Alison Culkin, Martin Crook, Alessandro Laviano, Lubos Sobotka, Reto W Kressig, Jens Kondrup, Beat Mueller, Philipp Schuetz
OBJECTIVES: Refeeding syndrome (RFS) can be a life-threatening metabolic condition after nutritional replenishment if not recognized early and treated adequately. There is a lack of evidence-based treatment and monitoring algorithm for daily clinical practice. The aim of the study was to propose an expert consensus guideline for RFS for the medical inpatient (not including anorexic patients) regarding risk factors, diagnostic criteria, and preventive and therapeutic measures based on a previous systematic literature search...
March 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429132/sustainability-of-a-community-based-choice-program-to-improve-the-health-and-nutrition-status-of-mothers-and-infants-in-indonesia
#14
Clara Eder, Lila Kumar Khatiwada, Janine Schooley
Objectives Few studies have been undertaken to determine whether and how project results are sustained. University of Notre Dame (ND) and Project Concern International conducted a Post-Project Sustainability Study (PSS) of a USAID-funded program (CHOICE), implemented in Indonesia, Banten province, between 2003 and 2007, in order to determine lasting effects and improve PSS methodologies. Methods Sustainability was measured through a comparison of data collected on mother-infant pairs in 2014 with final evaluation data from 2007; and through a comparison of 2014 data collected from the CHOICE villages and comparison villages...
February 10, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427307/healthy-and-sustainable-diets-for-future-generations
#15
Hilary Green, Pierre Broun, Douglas Cook, Karen Cooper, Adam Drewnowski, Jessica Fanzo, Duncan Pollard, Gary Sweeney, Anne Roulin
Global food systems will face unprecedented challenges in the coming years. They will need to meet the nutritional needs of a growing population and feed an expanding demand for proteins. This is against a backdrop of increasing environmental challenges (water resources, climate change, soil health), and the need to improve farming livelihoods. Collaborative efforts by a variety of stakeholders are needed to ensure that future generations have access to healthy and sustainable diets. Food will play an increasingly important role in the global discourse on health...
February 10, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427185/geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-as-a-prognostic-factor-in-patients-with-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#16
Yusuke Kanemasa, Tatsu Shimoyama, Yuki Sasaki, Tsunekazu Hishima, Yasushi Omuro
The geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) is a simple and well-established nutritional assessment tool that is a significant prognostic factor for various cancers. However, the role of the GNRI in predicting clinical outcomes of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients has not been investigated. To address this issue, we retrospectively analyzed a total of 476 patients with newly diagnosed de novo DLBCL. We defined the best cutoff value of the GNRI as 96.8 using a receiver operating characteristic curve...
February 9, 2018: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426699/perioperative-lipid-enriched-enteral-nutrition-versus-standard-care-in-patients-undergoing-elective-colorectal-surgery-sanics-ii-a-multicentre-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Emmeline G Peters, Boudewijn J J Smeets, Jesper Nors, Christian M Back, Jonas A Funder, Thorbjørn Sommer, Søren Laurberg, Uffe S Løve, Wouter K G Leclercq, Gerrit D Slooter, Tammo S de Vries Reilingh, Johannes A Wegdam, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen, Mickaël Hiligsmann, Marc P Buise, Willem A Buurman, Wouter J de Jonge, Harm J T Rutten, Misha D P Luyer
BACKGROUND: Postoperative ileus and anastomotic leakage severely impair recovery after colorectal resection. We investigated the effect of perioperative lipid-enriched enteral nutrition versus standard care on the risk of postoperative ileus, anastomotic leakage, and other clinical outcomes. METHODS: We did an international, multicentre, double-blind, randomised, controlled trial of patients (≥18 years) undergoing elective colorectal surgery with primary anastomosis at six clinical centres in the Netherlands and Denmark...
February 6, 2018: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426005/harmonising-measures-of-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis-in-population-based-cohort-studies-an-international-study
#18
K M Leyland, L S Gates, M Nevitt, D Felson, S M Bierma-Zeinstra, P G Conaghan, L Engebretsen, M Hochberg, D J Hunter, G Jones, J M Jordan, A Judge, L S Lohmander, E M Roos, M T Sanchez-Santos, N Yoshimura, J B J van Meurs, M E Batt, J Newton, C Cooper, N K Arden
OBJECTIVE: Population-based osteoarthritis (OA) cohorts provide vital data on risk factors and outcomes of OA, however the methods to define OA vary between cohorts. We aimed to provide recommendations for combining knee and hip OA data in extant and future population cohort studies, in order to facilitate informative individual participant level analyses. METHOD: International OA experts met to make recommendations on: 1) defining OA by x-ray and/or pain; 2) compare The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)-type OA pain questions; 3) the comparability of the Western Ontario & McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) scale to NHANES-type OA pain questions; 4) the best radiographic scoring method; 5) the usefulness of other OA outcome measures...
February 6, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422205/the-intergrowth-21st-fetal-growth-standards-toward-the-global-integration-of-pregnancy-and-pediatric-care
#19
REVIEW
Aris T Papageorghiou, Stephen H Kennedy, Laurent J Salomon, Douglas G Altman, Eric O Ohuma, William Stones, Michael G Gravett, Fernando C Barros, Cesar Victora, Manorama Purwar, Yasmin Jaffer, Julia A Noble, Enrico Bertino, Ruyan Pang, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Ann Lambert, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, José Villar
The purpose of the INTERGROWTH-21st project was to develop international, prescriptive standards for fetal growth assessed by ultrasound and fundal height, preterm postnatal growth, newborn size and body composition, maternal weight gain, and infant development at the age of 2 years. Hence, we have produced, based on World Health Organization recommendations, the first comprehensive set of international standards of optimal fetal and newborn growth that perfectly match the existing World Health Organization child growth standards...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422204/the-world-health-organization-fetal-growth-charts-concept-findings-interpretation-and-application
#20
REVIEW
Torvid Kiserud, Alexandra Benachi, Kurt Hecher, Rogelio González Perez, José Carvalho, Gilda Piaggio, Lawrence D Platt
Ultrasound biometry is an important clinical tool for the identification, monitoring, and management of fetal growth restriction and development of macrosomia. This is even truer in populations in which perinatal morbidity and mortality rates are high, which is a reason that much effort is put onto making the technique available everywhere, including low-income societies. Until recently, however, commonly used reference ranges were based on single populations largely from industrialized countries. Thus, the World Health Organization prioritized the establishment of fetal growth charts for international use...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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