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International nutrition

Viktoria Knaze, Joseph A Rothwell, Raul Zamora-Ros, Aurelie Moskal, Cecilie Kyrø, Paula Jakszyn, Guri Skeie, Elisabete Weiderpass, Maria Santucci de Magistris, Claudia Agnoli, Susanne Westenbrink, Emily Sonestedt, Antonia Trichopoulou, Effie Vasilopoulou, Eleni Peppa, Eva Ardanaz, José María Huerta, Heiner Boeing, Francesca Romana Mancini, Augustin Scalbert, Nadia Slimani
BACKGROUND: Accurate assessment of polyphenol intakes is needed in epidemiologic research in order to study their health effects, and this can be particularly challenging in international study settings. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work is to describe the procedures to prepare a comprehensive polyphenol food-composition database that was used to calculate standardized polyphenol intakes from 24-h diet recalls (24HDRs) and dietary questionnaires (DQs) in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)...
June 21, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Karl Walsh, Ioannis Goutos, Baljit Dheansa
Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) is an acute inflammatory disorder of the gallbladder, which can complicate the recovery of burn patients. No formal literature review has been performed about this uncommon but potentially fatal complication in burn care. A Pubmed search from 1950 to 2015 was performed using MESH terms: "acalculous cholecystitis," "burns or thermal injuries or thermal damage," and "cholecystitis or gallbladder inflammation." The articles were analyzed and data collected individually on the incidence, presenting symptoms or signs, risk factors, investigations, and treatment modalities used...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Y H Dong, Y Song, B Dong, Z Y Zou, Z H Wang, Z G Yang, X J Wang, Y H Li, J Ma
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemic situation of blood pressure (BP) status and its association with nutritional status among Chinese children and adolescents aged 7-18 years old in 2014, and to provide important scientific basis for the control of students' hypertension. METHODS: All the subjects aged 7 to 18 years in both genders were sampled from 2014 Chinese national surveys on students' constitution and health. BP status was evaluated according to Chinese national gender-, age- and height-specific references, including hypertension (HTN), elevated hypertension (elevated HTN), isolated systolic HTN (SHTN), isolated diastolic HTN (DHTN) and mix HTN...
June 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Ghadeer S Aljuraiban, Jeremiah Stamler, Queenie Chan, Linda Van Horn, Martha L Daviglus, Paul Elliott, Linda M Oude Griep
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic evidence suggests that low-fat dairy consumption may lower risk of hypertension. Dairy products may be distinctly linked to health, because of differences in nutritional composition, but little is known about specific nutrients that contribute to the dairy-blood pressure (BP) association, nor to underlying kidney function. METHODS: We examined cross-sectional associations to BP of dairy product intakes, total and by type, from the INTERnational study on MAcro/micronutrients and blood Pressure (INTERMAP) including 2694 participants aged 40-59 years from the UK and the USA...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
Maria Q B Petzel, Leah Hoffman
With slowly increasing survival rates in pancreatic cancer and international consensus guidelines recommending surgical resection of premalignant lesions, survival post-pancreatic resection is increasing. With longer survival time, the significant comorbidities of such major surgery have far-reaching effects on the nutrition status of the survivor of pancreatic cancer. This review describes the many nutrition-related side effects of pancreatic surgery, including the development of pancreatic enzyme insufficiency, micronutrient deficiencies, diabetes, fatty liver, and metabolic bone disease...
October 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Hafiz Mamoon Rehman, James William Cooper, Hon Ming Lam, Seung Hwan Yang
Legumes are the world's primary source of dietary protein and are particularly important for those in developing economies. However, the biofortification potential of legumes remains underexploited. Legumes offer a diversity of micronutrients and amino acids, exceeding or complementing the profiles of cereals. As such, the enhancement of legume nutritional composition presents an appealing target for addressing the "hidden hunger" of global micronutrient malnutrition. Affecting ~2 billion people, micronutrient malnutrition causes severe health effects ranging from stunted growth to reduced life span...
June 19, 2018: Plant, Cell & Environment
Ashraful Kabir, Shahgahan Miah, Asraful Islam
BACKGROUND: Over the past decades, Bangladesh has made substantial progress in improving higher education, and in part, this was achieved by promoting residence based higher education in public universities. University residency is considered a crucial period for students to develop healthy eating habits and adopt nutritious intake, which comprise a strong foundation for good health throughout life. Although, there is extensive literature on eating behaviors and dietary intake internationally, there appears to be relatively scarce research and analysis concerning Bangladesh...
2018: PloS One
C Horwood, L Haskins, I M Engebretsen, S Phakathi, C Connolly, A Coutsoudis, L Spies
BACKGROUND: Increasing the rate of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) to 50% in the first six months of life is one of six major global targets set by the United Nations Decade of Nutrition, and is essential to achieve the sustainable development goals to eradicate hunger and end malnutrition by 2030. METHODS: A survey using multistage random sampling design included 99 primary health care (PHC) clinics in all 11 districts in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN). All mothers and caregivers of infants 14 weeks of age attending the clinics in the study period were requested to participate in a structured interview to explore feeding practices since birth...
June 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
Najate Achamrah, Taku Oshima, Laurence Genton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Optimal nutritional therapy has been associated with better clinical outcomes and requires providing energy as closed as possible to measured energy expenditure. We reviewed the current innovations in energy expenditure assessment in humans, focusing on indirect calorimetry and other new alternative methods. RECENT FINDINGS: Although considered the reference method to measure energy expenditure, the use of indirect calorimetry is currently limited by the lack of an adequate device...
June 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Lani Trenouth, Timothy Colbourn, Bridget Fenn, Silke Pietzsch, Mark Myatt, Chloe Puett
Cash-based interventions (CBIs) increasingly are being used to deliver humanitarian assistance and there is growing interest in the cost-effectiveness of cash transfers for preventing undernutrition in emergency contexts. The objectives of this study were to assess the costs, cost-efficiency and cost-effectiveness in achieving nutrition outcomes of three CBIs in southern Pakistan: a 'double cash' (DC) transfer, a 'standard cash' (SC) transfer and a 'fresh food voucher' (FFV) transfer. Cash and FFVs were provided to poor households with children aged 6-48 months for 6 months in 2015...
July 1, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
Mita Lovalekar, Marilyn A Sharp, Daniel C Billing, Jace R Drain, Bradley C Nindl, Edward J Zambraski
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to identify perceived priorities related to military personnel's health and physical performance, among attendees at the 4th International Congress on Soldiers' Physical Performance (ICSPP), and to determine if perceived priorities had changed between the 3rd ICSPP survey held in 2014 and the 4th ICSPP survey held in 2017. DESIGN: Electronic survey. METHODS: Respondents were asked to grade priority areas on a Likert scale, and average ratings were used to rank priority areas...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Levi M Teigen, Adam J Kuchnia, Emily M Nagel, Kathleen L Price, Ryan T Hurt, Carrie P Earthman
This review, intended for both researchers and clinicians, provides a history of the definition of clinical malnutrition. Despite global efforts, we remain without one clear, objective, internationally accepted definition; clarity in this regard will ultimately improve our evaluation and monitoring of nutritional status to achieve optimal patient outcomes. In this review we explore the development of the term malnutrition and its diagnosis and application in the setting of acute and chronic disease. We begin in the second century A...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Sumadi Lukman Anwar, Guritno Adistyawan, Wahyu Wulaningsih, Christoph Gutenbrunner, Boya Nugraha
Cancer diagnosis often substantially affects patient's physical, psychological, and emotional status. The majority of cancer patients experience declining of energy, activity levels, social-cultural participation and relationships. In addition, cancer progression and side effects of aggressive cancer treatment often cause debilitating pain, fatigue, weakness, joint stiffness, depression, emotional instability, limited mobility, poor nutritional status, skin breakdown, bowel dysfunction, swallowing difficulty, and lymphedema leading into functional impairment and disability that can be addressed through rehabilitation care...
June 13, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Alfredo Guarino, Andrea Lo Vecchio, Jorge Amil Dias, James A Berkley, Chris Boey, Dario Bruzzese, Mitchell B Cohen, Sylvia Cruchet, Ilaria Liguoro, Eduardo Salazar-Lindo, Bhupinder Sandhu, Philip M Sherman, Toshiaki Shimizu
OBJECTIVES: Despite a substantial consistency in recommendations for the management of children with acute gastroenteritis (AGE), a high variability in clinical practice and a high rate of inappropriate medical interventions persist in both developing and developed countries.Aim of this study was to develop a set of clinical recommendations for the management of non-severely malnourished children with AGE to be applied worldwide. METHODS: The Federation of International Societies of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (FISPGHAN) Working Group (WG) selected care protocols on the management of acute diarrhea in infants and children aged between 1 month and 18 years...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Ellie Milnes, Pauline Delnatte, Hugh Y Cai, Nicole Nemeth
  A 2-mo-old Vancouver Island marmot ( Marmota vancouverensis), housed at a quarantined breeding facility, presented for acute obtundation and vestibular ataxia. Physical examination revealed poor growth compared with littermates, poor nutritional condition, and mild dehydration. The animal's condition deteriorated over 24 hr, and it was euthanized following the development of generalized seizures. No gross abnormalities were observed upon postmortem evaluation. Histologic evaluation revealed severe, multifocal, granulomatous and lymphoplasmacytic meningoencephalomyelitis and interstitial nephritis, with intralesional, intracytoplasmic spore-filled, parasitophorous vacuoles and segmental, multi-organ, fibrinoid vasculitis (disseminated encephalitozoonosis)...
June 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Giovanna Raso, Clémence Essé, Kouassi Dongo, Mamadou Ouattara, Fabien Zouzou, Eveline Hürlimann, Veronique A Koffi, Gaoussou Coulibaly, Virginie Mahan, Richard B Yapi, Siaka Koné, Jean Tenena Coulibaly, Aboulaye Meïté, Marie-Claire Guéhi-Kabran, Bassirou Bonfoh, Eliézer Kouakou N'Goran, Jürg Utzinger
BACKGROUND: The global strategy to control helminthiases (schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis) emphasizes preventive chemotherapy. However, in the absence of access to clean water, improved sanitation, and adequate hygiene, reinfection after treatment can occur rapidly. Integrated approaches might be necessary to sustain the benefits of preventive chemotherapy and make progress toward interruption of helminthiases transmission. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess and quantify the effect of an integrated control package that consists of preventive chemotherapy, community-led total sanitation, and health education on soil-transmitted helminthiasis, schistosomiasis, intestinal protozoa infection, and diarrhea in rural Côte d'Ivoire...
June 12, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
J L Peine, G Q Jia, M L Van Emon, T L Neville, J D Kirsch, C J Hammer, S T O'Rourke, L P Reynolds, J S Caton
The hypothesis of this study was that arginine supplementation would overcome negative effects of restricted maternal feed intake during the last two-thirds of gestation on ewe performance and positively impact postnatal lamb growth and development. Multiparous, Rambouillet ewes (n = 32) were allocated to 3 treatments in a completely random design at 54 ± 3.9 d of gestation. Dietary treatments were 100% of nutrient requirements (control, CON), 60% of control (restricted, RES), or RES plus a rumen-protected arginine supplement dosed at 180 mg/kg BW once daily (RES-ARG)...
June 9, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Mary-Ann Carter, Louise N Signal, Richard Edwards, Janet Hoek
Despite the global popularity of sport, we know surprisingly little about food in sports settings. This two-phased study analysed the foods available in New Zealand sports settings. Phase one included a systematic literature review and 18 interviews with key informants from national and regional sporting organizations. Phase two involved 37 key informant interviews with stakeholders from two exemplar sports, rugby and netball and direct observations at netball and rugby venues. This study found most foods and beverages at New Zealand sports events were energy-dense and nutrient-poor...
June 9, 2018: Health Promotion International
Yanli Zeng, Xiaoyi Hu, Lingling Xie, Zengli Han, Yun Zuo, Ming Yang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence and associated factors of sarcopenia defined by different criteria in nursing home residents. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Four nursing homes in Chengdu, China. PARTICIPANTS: Elderly adults aged 65 years or older. MEASUREMENTS: We applied 4 diagnostic criteria [European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP), Asia Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS), International Working Group on Sarcopenia (IWGS), and Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (FNIH)] to define sarcopenia...
June 8, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Munmyong Choe, Won Choe, Songchol Cha, Imshik Lee
The electromagnetic field (EMF) is newly considered as an exogenous environmental stimulus that is closely related to ion transportation on the cellular membrane, maintaining the internal ionic homeostasis. Cation transports of Ca2+ and other metal ions, Cd2+ , Zn2+ , and Mn2+ were studied in terms of the external Ca2+ stress, [Ca2+ ]ext , and exposure to the physical EMF. A specific yeast strain K667 was used for controlling CAX5 (cation/H+ exchanger) expression. Culture samples were exposed to 60 Hz, 0.1 mT sinusoidal or square magnetics waves, and intracellular cations of each sample were measured and analyzed...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Biological Physics
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