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International nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049309/validation-of-surrogate-markers-for-metabolic-syndrome-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factor-clustering-in-children-and-adolescents-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#1
Ji-Young Seo, Jae Hyun Kim
Prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in children is increasing and identifying the risk factors for MetS during childhood is an important first step to prevent chronic diseases later in life. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of MetS and cardiometabolic risk factor (CMRF) clustering among Korean children and adolescents and to validate the associated anthropometric and laboratory surrogate markers. We used data from the 2011-2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046067/making-food-aid-fit-for-purpose-in-the-21st-century-a-review-of-recent-initiatives-improving-the-nutritional-quality-of-foods-used-in-emergency-and-development-programming
#2
Patrick Webb, Kristine Caiafa, Shelley Walton
Important strides have been made recently in upgrading the global food aid agenda in line with evolving medical and nutrition sciences, operational experience, and innovations in food technology. A 2011 report endorsed by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) recommended numerous improvements to products intended to support improved survival and nutrition in humanitarian programming, as well as greater rigor and transparency in the research agenda that supports innovations in this critical field...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043285/the-relationship-between-health-locus-of-control-and-health-behaviors-in-emergency-medicine-personnel
#3
Mansour Pourhoseinzadeh, Mahin Gheibizadeh, Mehrnaz Moradikalboland
BACKGROUND: Health locus of control defined as individual beliefs based on past experiences in health issues and having external or internal control over them, could affect health. Health locus of control plays a role in health behaviors. We aimed to investigate the relationship between health locus of control and health behavior in emergency medical personnel in Ahvaz during 2016. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study, which began in August 2016 for a period of six months on 215 emergency medical personnel in Ahvaz who were selected randomly...
October 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036198/the-homeodomain-interacting-protein-kinase-hpk-1-preserves-protein-homeostasis-and-longevity-through-master-regulatory-control-of-the-hsf-1-chaperone-network-and-torc1-restricted-autophagy-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#4
Ritika Das, Justine A Melo, Manjunatha Thondamal, Elizabeth A Morton, Adam B Cornwell, Beresford Crick, Joung Heon Kim, Elliot W Swartz, Todd Lamitina, Peter M Douglas, Andrew V Samuelson
An extensive proteostatic network comprised of molecular chaperones and protein clearance mechanisms functions collectively to preserve the integrity and resiliency of the proteome. The efficacy of this network deteriorates during aging, coinciding with many clinical manifestations, including protein aggregation diseases of the nervous system. A decline in proteostasis can be delayed through the activation of cytoprotective transcriptional responses, which are sensitive to environmental stress and internal metabolic and physiological cues...
October 16, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036177/dietary-patterns-in-internal-migrants-in-a-continental-country-a-population-based-study
#5
Antonio Augusto Ferreira Carioca, Bartira Gorgulho, Juliana Araujo Teixeira, Regina Mara Fisberg, Dirce Maria Marchioni
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the differences and similarities in dietary patterns among migrants and natives. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in the city of São Paulo. The study population included internal migrants, defined as individuals born outside São Paulo city who had lived in the city for ten years or longer. The final population (n = 999) was divided into three groups: natives of São Paulo (n = 354), migrants from the Southeast (n = 349) and migrants from the Northeast (n = 296)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035603/competition-level-not-associated-with-diet-quality-in-marching-artists
#6
Colleen R McConnell, Alyssa McPherson, Kathleen Woolf
Marching artists are a unique group of athletes whose performance can be influenced by nutrition. Because physical demands are thought to be moderate to high, adequate energy and a variety of nutrient-dense foods are needed. The purpose of this study was to examine diet quality, physical activity, and eating behavior of marching artists across elite and non-elite competition levels. This cross-sectional analysis used the validated National Cancer Institute Diet History Questionnaire II, International Physical Activity Questionnaire, and Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027342/study-on-nutritional-monitoring-of-persian-malnourished-school-students-a-check-on-reproducibility-and-validity-of-questionnaire
#7
Mahkameh Ashourpour, Mohammad-Hossein Kaveh, Musa Salehi, Hamid-Reza Tabatabaee, Maryam Taghdir
AIM: To develop a nutritional screening tool and examine its reliability and validity in elementary school children with malnutrition based on PRECEDE-PROCEED model, in Shiraz, Iran. METHODS: A questionnaire was designed and its reproducibility was analysed via test-retest design among students with malnutrition. The students were in the fourth to sixth grades. Validity was assessed using face validity, content validity, construct validity, item difficulty and item discrimination...
October 13, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025396/a-description-of-the-gross-pathology-of-drowning-and-other-causes-of-mortality-in-seabirds
#8
Victor R Simpson, David N Fisher
BACKGROUND: Mortality of seabirds due to anthropogenic causes, especially entrapment in fishing gear, is a matter of increasing international concern. This study aimed at characterising the gross pathology of seabirds that drowned in fishing nets and comparing it with that in other common causes of mortality. RESULTS: Post-mortem examinations were performed on 103 common guillemots, 32 razorbills, 37 shags and 5 great northern divers found stranded in Cornwall during 1981-2016...
October 12, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024932/iuns-21st-international-congress-of-nutrition-buenos-aires-argentina-october-15-20-2017-abstracts
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024562/health-maintenance-practices-and-healthcare-experiences-among-international-university-students
#10
Suzanne Martin, Jane Dyer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While over a million international students attend U.S. universities, there is little information to guide providers on their care. Differences in language and health beliefs can lead to misunderstandings and poor outcomes. The purpose of this study was to describe the health practices and healthcare experiences of international students before and after they move to the United States to carve out specific quality improvement activities at a student health center...
October 12, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023690/the-bony-horncore-of-the-common-eland-taurotragus-oryx-composition-and-mechanical-properties-of-a-spiral-fighting-structure
#11
Jamil Cappelli, Andrés J García, Radim Kotrba, Pablo Gambín Pozo, Tomas Landete-Castillejos, Laureano Gallego, Francisco Ceacero
Horns are permanent structures projecting from the head of bovids, consisting of a bony horncore covered with a layer of skin and then a sheath of keratinous material showing variability of growth intensity based on nutrition. From the point of view of the horn's mechanical properties, the keratin sheath has been widely studied, but only a few studies have considered the complete structure of the horn and fewer studies have focused on the bony horncore and its characteristics. The latter showed the important role of the bony core, when cranial appendages are subject to mechanical stress (as happens during fighting)...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019560/pancreatoduodenectomy-brazilian-practice-patterns
#12
Orlando Jorge M Torres, Eduardo de Souza M Fernandes, Rodrigo Rodrigues Vasques, Fabio Luís Waechter, Paulo Cezar G Amaral, Marcelo Bruno de Rezende, Roland Montenegro Costa, André Luís Montagnini
BACKGROUND: Pancreatoduodenectomy is a technically challenging surgical procedure with an incidence of postoperative complications ranging from 30% to 61%. The procedure requires a high level of experience, and to minimize surgery-related complications and mortality, a high-quality standard surgery is imperative. AIM: To understand the Brazilian practice patterns for pancreatoduodenectomy. METHOD: A questionnaire was designed to obtain an overview of the surgical practice in pancreatic cancer, specific training, and experience in pancreatoduodenectomy...
July 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994197/in-vino-veritas-an-invitation-for-ambitious-collaborative-proteogenomics-campaigns-on-plant-and-animal-models
#13
Jean Armengaud
Vitis vinifera has been an emblematic plant for Humans since the Neolithic period. Human civilization has been shaped by its domestication as both its medicinal and nutritional values were exploited. It is now cultivated on all habitable continents, and more than 5 thousand varieties have been developed. A global passion for the art of wine fuels innovation and a profound desire for knowledge on this plant. The genome sequence of a homozygotic cultivar and several RNA-seq datasets on other varieties have been released paving the way to gaining further insight into its biology and tailoring improvements to varieties...
October 10, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990545/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-internal-migration-divorce-and-well-being-in-china
#14
Alok Bhargava, Xiayun Tan
The rapid economic growth in China has been accompanied by increases in internal migration as well as marital dissolution. Using longitudinal data from China Health and Nutrition Surveys covering over 19,000 individuals during 1989-2011, this study modelled the inter-relationships between internal migration, divorce and individual well-being, tackling conceptual and methodological aspects such as the joint determination of variables. First, random effects probit models showed that the migration periods of husbands and wives significantly increased their respective chances of divorce...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988402/nutritional-markers-may-identify-patients-with-greater-risk-of-re-admission-after-geriatric-hip-fractures
#15
Austin V Stone, Alexander Jinnah, Brian J Wells, Hal Atkinson, Anna N Miller, Wendell M Futrell, Kristin Lenoir, Cynthia L Emory
PURPOSE: Osteoporotic hip fractures are increasing in prevalence with the growing elderly population. Morbidity and mortality remain high following osteoporotic hip fractures despite advances in medical and surgical treatments. The associated costs and medical burdens are increased with a re-admission following hip fracture treatment. This study sought to identify demographic and clinical values that may be a predictive model for 30-day re-admission risk following operative management of an isolated hip fracture...
October 7, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987269/enrollment-of-neonates-in-more-than-one-clinical-trial
#16
REVIEW
Jonathan M Davis, Gerri R Baer, Ronald Portman, Robert Nelson, Linda Storari, Jacob V Aranda, Ralph Bax, Anne Zajicek, Agnes Klein, Mark Turner, Simin Baygani, Merran Thomson, Karel Allegaert
Because the highest rates of morbidity and mortality in neonates are seen in those born at <32 weeks' gestation, this group has the most urgent need for novel therapies to improve survival and outcome. Legislative efforts in the United States and Europe have attempted to address this issue by requiring the study of drugs, biological and nutritional products, devices, and other therapies in this population through a combination of high-quality regulatory and clinical trials, quality improvement initiatives, and observational studies...
October 4, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982133/simultaneous-assessment-of-iodine-iron-vitamin-a-malarial-antigenemia-and-inflammation-status-biomarkers-via-a-multiplex-immunoassay-method-on-a-population-of-pregnant-women-from-niger
#17
Eleanor Brindle, Lorraine Lillis, Rebecca Barney, Sonja Y Hess, K Ryan Wessells, Césaire T Ouédraogo, Sara Stinca, Michael Kalnoky, Roger Peck, Abby Tyler, Christopher Lyman, David S Boyle
Deficiencies of vitamin A, iron, and iodine are major public health concerns in many low- and middle-income countries, but information on their status in populations is often lacking due to high costs and logistical challenges associated with assessing micronutrient status. Accurate, user-friendly, and low-cost analytical tools are needed to allow large-scale population surveys on micronutrient status. We present the expansion of a 7-plex protein microarray tool for the simultaneous measurement of up to seven biomarkers with relevance to the assessment of the key micronutrients iron, iodine, and vitamin A, and inflammation and malaria biomarkers: α-1-acid glycoprotein, C-reactive protein, ferritin, retinol binding protein 4, soluble transferrin receptor, thyroglobulin, and histidine-rich protein II...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978562/developing-the-wcrf-international-university-of-bristol-methodology-for-identifying-and-carrying-out-systematic-reviews-of-mechanisms-of-exposure-cancer-associations
#18
Sarah J Lewis, Mike Gardner, Julian Higgins, Jeff Mp Holly, Tom R Gaunt, Claire M Perks, Suzanne D Turner, Sabina Rinaldi, Steve Thomas, Sean Harrison, Rosie J Lennon, Vanessa Tan, Cath Borwick, Pauline Emmett, Mona Jeffreys, Kate Northstone, Giota Mitrou, Martin Wiseman, Rachel Thompson, Richard M Martin
BACKGROUND: Human, animal and cell experimental studies, human biomarker studies and genetic studies complement epidemiological findings and can offer insights into biological plausibility and pathways between exposure and disease but methods for synthesising such studies are lacking. We therefore developed a methodology for identifying mechanisms and carrying out systematic reviews of mechanistic studies which underpin exposure-cancer associations. METHODS: A multidisciplinary team with expertise in informatics, statistics, epidemiology, systematic reviews, cancer biology and nutrition was assembled...
October 4, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977131/use-of-warfarin-in-pediatrics-clinical-and-pharmacological-characteristics
#19
Bruna Bergmann Santos, Isabela Heineck, Giovanna Webster Negretto
OBJECTIVE: To describe how children respond to oral anticoagulation with warfarin, verifying the influence of age, clinical condition, route of administration of warfarin and use of total parenteral nutrition (TPN), as well as to describe risk factors for the occurrence of thrombotic events (TE) in childhood. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study including all patients ≤18 years old for whom warfarin was prescribed in a university hospital. Patients were divided according to clinical condition, age, route of medication administration and use of TPN...
September 21, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976638/bivariate-flow-cytometric-analysis-and-sorting-of-different-types-of-maize-starch-grains
#20
Xudong Zhang, Jiaojiao Feng, Heng Wang, Jianchu Zhu, Yuyue Zhong, Linsan Liu, Shutu Xu, Renhe Zhang, Xinghua Zhang, Jiquan Xue, Dongwei Guo
Particle-size distribution, granular structure, and composition significantly affect the physicochemical properties, rheological properties, and nutritional function of starch. Flow cytometry and flow sorting are widely considered convenient and efficient ways of classifying and separating natural biological particles or other substances into subpopulations, respectively, based on the differential response of each component to stimulation by a light beam; the results allow for the correlation analysis of parameters...
October 4, 2017: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
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