keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

International nutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667237/the-trends-and-prevalence-of-obesity-and-morbid-obesity-among-australian-school-aged-children-1985-2014
#1
Joshua Xu, Louise L Hardy, Cici Z Guo, Sarah P Garnett
AIM: Children with obesity have a greater risk of adverse social and physical health outcomes. We examined temporal changes in body mass index (BMI) z-scores and the prevalence obesity and morbid obesity in children from 1985 to 2014. METHODS: Secondary data analysis of BMI data for children aged 7-15 years from five cross-sectional Australian datasets. Changes in age- and gender-adjusted BMI (BMI z-scores) and nutritional status were categorised using the International Obesity Task Force cut-off points...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665819/examination-of-the-roles-and-capacities-of-duty-bearers-responsible-for-protecting-the-human-rights-to-adequate-food-nutritional-health-and-wellbeing-in-ugandan-children-s-homes
#2
Monica Olafsen, Archangel Byaruhanga Rukooko, Per Ole Iversen, Bård A Andreassen
BACKGROUND: The majority of Ugandan children face vulnerability and malnutrition. As a State Party to international human rights treaties, Uganda has legal obligations of guaranteeing the fundamental rights and the best interest of the nation's children. Despite being protected under international and national law, Uganda is not providing adequate child protection, including safeguarding children's food security. Numerous privately owned and unregulated children's homes face this problem...
April 17, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662294/application-of-enhanced-recovery-after-gastric-cancer-surgery-an-updated-meta-analysis
#3
Liu-Hua Wang, Ren-Fei Zhu, Cheng Gao, Shou-Lin Wang, Li-Zong Shen
AIM: To provide an updated assessment of the safety and efficacy of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols in elective gastric cancer (GC) surgery. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, World Health Organization International Trial Register, and Cochrane Library were searched up to June 2017 for all available randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing ERAS protocols and standard care (SC) in GC surgery. Thirteen RCTs, with a total of 1092 participants, were analyzed in this study, of whom 545 underwent ERAS protocols and 547 received SC treatment...
April 14, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661582/parents-preferences-for-interventions-to-improve-childhood-immunization-uptake-in-northern-nigeria
#4
Sachiko Ozawa, Mo Zhou, Chizoba Wonodi, Hui-Han Chen, John F P Bridges
BACKGROUND: Routine childhood immunization coverage has been low in northern Nigeria. While local authorities and international partners have been working hard to improve coverage, population preferences for interventions have not been documented. This study aimed to understand parents' preferences and identify possible interventions to improve uptake of childhood immunization. METHODS: Preferences for immunization interventions were elicited using a best-worst scaling (BWS) instrument among parents with children under five...
April 13, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659964/universal-salt-iodization-provides-sufficient-dietary-iodine-to-achieve-adequate-iodine-nutrition-during-the-first-1000-days-a-cross-sectional-multicenter-study
#5
Susanne Dold, Michael B Zimmermann, Tomislav Jukic, Zvonko Kusic, Qingzhen Jia, Zhongna Sang, Antonio Quirino, Teofilo O L San Luis, Ralph Fingerhut, Roland Kupka, Arnold Timmer, Greg S Garrett, Maria Andersson
Background: Dietary iodine requirements are high during pregnancy, lactation, and infancy, making women and infants vulnerable to iodine deficiency. Universal salt iodization (USI) has been remarkably successful for preventing iodine deficiency in the general population, but it is uncertain if USI provides adequate iodine intakes during the first 1000 d. Objective: We set out to assess if USI provides sufficient dietary iodine to meet the iodine requirements and achieve adequate iodine nutrition in all vulnerable population groups...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659692/bone-health-following-bariatric-surgery-implications-for-management-strategies-to-attenuate-bone-loss
#6
Tair Ben-Porat, Ram Elazary, Shiri Sherf-Dagan, Ariela Goldenshluger, Ronit Brodie, Yoav Mintz, Ram Weiss
Bariatric surgery (BS) is an effective treatment for morbid obesity and its associated comorbidities. Following such a procedure, however, patients are at risk of developing metabolic bone disease owing to the combination of rapid weight loss, severely restricted dietary intake, and reduced intestinal nutrient absorption. Patients undergoing malabsorptive procedures are at a higher risk of postoperative bone health deterioration than those undergoing restrictive procedures; however, studies have demonstrated negative skeletal consequences of restrictive procedures as well...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659593/the-complexity-of-patients-hospitalized-in-internal-medicine-wards-evaluated-by-fadoi-complimed-score-s-a-hypothetical-approach
#7
Erminio Bonizzoni, Gualberto Gussoni, Giancarlo Agnelli, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi, Moira Bonfanti, Franco Mastroianni, Marco Candela, Carlotta Franchi, Stefania Frasson, Antonio Greco, Micaela La Regina, Roberta Re, Giorgio Vescovo, Mauro Campanini
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to develop a new predictive model to measure complexity of patients in medical wards. SETTING: 29 Internal Medicine departments in Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study cohort was made of 541 consecutive patients hospitalized for any cause, aged more than 40 years and with at least two chronic diseases. First, we applied a hierarchical cluster analysis and the principal component analysis (PCA) to a panel of questionnaires [comorbidity (Charlson, CIRS), clinical stability (MEWS), social frailty (Flugelman), cognitive dysfunction (SPSMQ), depression (5-item GDS), functional dependence (ADL, IADL, Barthel), risk of sore threats (Exton-Smith scale), nutrition (MNA), pain (NRPS), adherence to therapy (Morisky scale)], in order to select domains informative for the definition of complexity...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658948/maternal-employment-and-mexican-school-age-children-overweight-in-2012-the-importance-of-households-features
#8
Alejandro Martínez Espinosa
Background: International evidence regarding the relationship between maternal employment and school-age children overweight and obesity shows divergent results. In Mexico, this relationship has not been confirmed by national data sets analysis. Consequently, the objective of this article was to evaluate the role of the mothers' participation in labor force related to excess body weight in Mexican school-age children (aged 5-11 years). Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 17,418 individuals from the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012, applying binomial logistic regression models...
2018: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658318/what-makes-children-with-cerebral-palsy-vulnerable-to-malnutrition-findings-from-the-bangladesh-cerebral-palsy-register-bcpr
#9
Israt Jahan, Mohammad Muhit, Tasneem Karim, Hayley Smithers-Sheedy, Iona Novak, Cheryl Jones, Nadia Badawi, Gulam Khandaker
PURPOSE: To assess the nutritional status and underlying risk factors for malnutrition among children with cerebral palsy in rural Bangladesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used data from the Bangladesh Cerebral Palsy Register; a prospective population based surveillance of children with cerebral palsy aged 0-18 years in a rural subdistrict of Bangladesh (i.e., Shahjadpur). Socio-demographic, clinical and anthropometric measurements were collected using Bangladesh Cerebral Palsy Register record form...
April 16, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656283/economic-and-political-innovation-for-nutritional-improvement
#10
Joachim von Braun
Large shares of the world population are still affected by nutrition deficiencies and undernutrition. However, the current global agriculture and food system and its international governance shows signs of serious malfunctioning, and is not equipped to cope with the current and future challenges it is facing. In view of the complex and multi-dimensional nature of nutrition problems, a framework is put forward here to improve the understanding of underlying causalities, and to identify priorities for action...
April 13, 2018: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642599/many-infants-and-young-children-are-not-compliant-with-mexican-and-international-complementary-feeding-recommendations-for-milk-and-other-beverages
#11
Myriam C Afeiche, Salvador Villalpando-Carrión, Kathleen C Reidy, Lisa R Fries, Alison L Eldridge
Mexican and international authorities provide guidelines for milk and beverage consumption for young children. This study classifies beverages as appropriate or inappropriate by age (0-5.9, 6-11.9, and 12-23.9 months) and details consumption patterns, amounts consumed, and the associated socio-demographic characteristics. Analysis of the Mexican National Nutrition and Health Survey (ENSANUT 2012) was conducted ( n = 949). Among 0-5.9 month olds, 66.7% consumed either breast milk, infant formula, or a combination with no other beverages, whereas 29...
April 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629367/perspectives-from-the-third-international-summit-on-medical-nutrition-education-and-research
#12
Jennifer Jean Crowley, Celia Laur, Harrison David Edward Carter, Glenys Jones, Sumantra Ray
Nutrition is an important component of public health and health care, including in education and research, and in the areas of policy and practice. This statement was the overarching message during the third annual International Summit on Medical Nutrition Education and Research, held at Wolfson College, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, in August 2017. This summit encouraged attendees to think more broadly about the impact of nutrition policy on health and communities, including the need to visualize the complete food system from "pre-farm to post-fork...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628810/rehabilitation-of-tibial-plateau-fracture-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-case-report
#13
Ali Rabatsky, John D Lockenour
Objective: The purpose of this case report was to describe the management of a tibial plateau fracture in a patient who had undergone anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction 3.5 years earlier. Clinical Features: A 36-year-old man presented with pain and edema following a fall from a height of approximately 2 m while skateboarding. The patient reported having undergone arthroscopic ACL reconstruction with allograft and bioabsorbable screws 3.5 years earlier...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625408/nutritional-intervention-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-during-chemo-radiotherapy
#14
Serena Della Valle, Silvia Colatruglio, Vanessa La Vela, Elena Tagliabue, Luigi Mariani, Cecilia Gavazzi
OBJECTIVE: Head and neck cancer patients experience unintentional weight loss and malnutrition at diagnosis, during oncologic treatment, and after the end of therapy because of reduction of eating ability. The aim of the present study was to assess nutrition intervention efficacy in maintaining basal nutritional conditions. METHODS: Head and neck cancer patient candidates for chemoradiotherapy and requiring enteral nutrition (EN) support through gastrostomy, according to international guidelines, were included in the study...
February 5, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624960/associated-factors-with-sarcopenia-among-mexican-elderly-2012-national-health-and-nutrition-survey
#15
(no author information available yet)
Background: Sarcopenia involves the loss of skeletal muscle mass and age-related functionality; it diminishes physical independence, health and quality of life. In 2016 it was added to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). Information about the frequency of sarcopenia among Mexican older adults is scarce. The objective was to analyze associated factors with sarcopenia in Mexican older adults through the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey data. Methods: Cross-sectional study which included subjects of 60 years of age or more with simultaneous information on health and anthropometry questionnaires from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey...
2018: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623690/observation-about-phosphorus-and-protein-supply-in-cats-and-dogs-prior-to-the-diagnosis-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#16
L F Böswald, E Kienzle, B Dobenecker
There is evidence that nutritional phosphorus (P) excess may be a risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD) in humans and pets (Advances in Nutrition: An International Review Journal (2014), 5, 104; The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, (2013), 98, 6; Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, (2017); The source of phosphorus influences serum PTH, apparent digestibility and blood levels of calcium and phosphorus in dogs fed high phosphorus diets with balanced Ca/P ratio. Proc. Waltham International Nutritional Sciences Symposium, USA; Clinical aspects of natural and added phosphorus in foods, 2017, Springer Science+Business, Media)...
April 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619926/parenteral-nutrition-and-insulin-per-protocol-improve-diabetes-management-after-total-pancreatectomy
#17
Sakshi Andersen, Andreas Andersen, Lene Ringholm, Carsten Palnæs Hansen, Jan Storkholm, Kerstin Lillpers, Charlotte Schiøtz, Elisabeth Reinhardt Mathiesen
INTRODUCTION: Pancreatogenic diabetes develops in patients undergoing total pancreatectomy and complicates post-surgical management. The aim of this study was to compare parenteral nutrition (PN) with protocolled insulin treatment to intravenous glucose treatment after total pancreatectomy. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 97 patients undergoing total pancreatectomy between 2009 and 2014. Patients were divided into a PN cohort (n = 57) and a glucose cohort (n = 40)...
April 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610163/recanalization-of-occluded-central-veins-in-a-parenteral-nutrition-dependent-child-with-no-access
#18
Patrick M Sullivan, Russell Merritt, Juan Carlos Pelayo, Frank F Ing
Central venous thromboses are common and pose challenges in the care of chronically ill pediatric patients. Among patients with intestinal failure (most commonly because of short bowel syndrome) who depend on parenteral nutrition, progressive loss of central venous access sites is a potentially fatal complication. We present the case of a 5-year-old girl with parenteral nutrition-dependent short bowel syndrome and no remaining standard central venous access sites despite medical anticoagulation, in whom angioplasty and stent implantations were used to reconstruct chronically occluded central veins...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606595/-informative-predation-towards-a-new-species-concept
#19
Philippe Lherminier
We distinguish two types of predations: the predation of matter-energy equals the food chain, and the informative predation is the capture of the information brought by the sexual partners. The cell or parent consumes energy and matter to grow, multiply and produce offspring. A fixed amount of resources is divided by the number of organisms, so individual growth and numerical multiplication are limited by depletion resources of the environment. Inversely, fertilization does not destroy information, but instead produces news...
March 29, 2018: Comptes Rendus Biologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606182/review-dairy-foods-red-meat-and-processed-meat-in-the-diet-implications-for-health-at-key-life-stages
#20
D I Givens
Social and health care provision have led to substantial increases in life expectancy. In the UK this has become higher than 80 years with an even greater proportional increase in those aged 85 years and over. The different life stages give rise to important nutritional challenges and recent reductions in milk consumption have led to sub-optimal intakes of calcium by teenage females in particular when bone growth is at its maximum and of iodine during pregnancy needed to ensure that supply/production of thyroid hormones to the foetus is adequate...
April 2, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
keyword
keyword
105250
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"