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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656912/the-voices-for-healthy-kids-and-state-legislation-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-an-update
#1
Sara N Bleich, Jesse C Jones-Smith, Hannah J Walters, Lainie Rutkow
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to examine general time trends in childhood obesity legislative activity in all 50 states (overall and by health equity focus) and whether the Voices for Healthy Kids Campaign (Voices) was associated with increased legislative activity. METHODS: LexisNexis State Capital was used to identify bills related to childhood obesity from 2012 to 2016. Linear and linear probability models were used to assess general time trends and regression-based difference-in-difference models to assess whether time trends differed for states that received a Voices grant...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589482/psychosocial-determinants-of-food-acquisition-and-preparation-in-low-income-urban-african-american-households
#2
JaWanna L Henry, Angela C B Trude, Pamela J Surkan, Elizabeth Anderson Steeves, Laura C Hopkins, Joel Gittelsohn
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors are important determinants of health behaviors and diet-related outcomes, yet relatively little work has explored their relation to food-purchasing and preparation behaviors in low-income populations. AIM: To evaluate the psychosocial factors associated with food-related behaviors. METHODS: Cross-sectional data collected from 465 low-income African American adult caregivers in the baseline evaluation of the B'more Healthy Communities for Kids obesity prevention trial...
March 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567008/an-obesity-risk-assessment-tool-for-young-children-validity-with-bmi-and-nutrient-values
#3
Marilyn S Townsend, Mical K Shilts, Dennis M Styne, Christiana Drake, Louise Lanoue, Lenna Ontai
OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate validity and reliability for an obesity risk assessment tool for young children targeting families' modifiable home environments. DESIGN: Longitudinal design with data collected over 100 weeks. SETTING: Head Start and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children. PARTICIPANTS: Parent-child pairs (n = 133) provided food behavior assessments; 3 child-modified, 24-hour dietary recalls; 3 ≥ 36-hour activity logs; and measured heights and weights...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493403/vaspin-and-omentin-1-in-obese-children-with-metabolic-syndrome-two-new-kids-on-the-block
#4
Seema Kumar, P Babu Balagopal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473237/dietary-outcomes-of-overweight-fathers-and-their-children-in-the-healthy-dads-healthy-kids-community-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
A Williams, N de Vlieger, M Young, M E Jensen, T L Burrows, P J Morgan, C E Collins
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined dietary intake changes following a weight loss intervention in fathers and the association between father-child dietary intakes. The present study aimed to: (i) evaluate the change in dietary intake in overweight fathers randomised to a family-based lifestyle intervention [Healthy Dads Healthy Kids (HDHK)] versus controls and (ii) investigate whether an association exists between father-child dietary intakes. METHODS: A secondary analysis was conducted of father-child baseline and 3-month post-intervention data (n = 93) collected in the HDHK community randomised controlled trial...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449135/effects-of-before-school-physical-activity-on-obesity-prevention-and-wellness
#6
Rachel C Whooten, Meghan E Perkins, Monica W Gerber, Elsie M Taveras
INTRODUCTION: The effects of Build Our Kids Success-a 12-week, 1-hour before-school physical activity program-on BMI and social-emotional wellness among kindergarten to eighth grade students was examined. STUDY DESIGN: This was a nonrandomized trial. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Participants were from 24 schools in Massachusetts; there were 707 children from kindergarten to eighth grade. INTERVENTION: Children registered for Build Our Kids Success in 2015-2016 participated in a 2 days/week or 3 days/week program...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433464/the-accuracy-of-parent-reported-height-and-weight-for-6-12%C3%A2-year-old-u-s-children
#7
Davene R Wright, Karen Glanz, Trina Colburn, Shannon M Robson, Brian E Saelens
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have examined correlations between BMI calculated using parent-reported and directly-measured child height and weight. The objective of this study was to validate correction factors for parent-reported child measurements. METHODS: Concordance between parent-reported and investigator measured child height, weight, and BMI (kg/m2) among participants in the Neighborhood Impact on Kids Study (n = 616) was examined using the Lin coefficient, where a value of ±1...
February 12, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371262/women-their-offspring-and-improving-lifestyle-for-better-cardiovascular-health-of-both-womb-project-a-protocol-of-the-follow-up-of-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Cornelieke van de Beek, Annemieke Hoek, Rebecca C Painter, Reinoud J B J Gemke, Mireille N M van Poppel, Anouk Geelen, Henk Groen, Ben Willem Mol, Tessa J Roseboom
INTRODUCTION: Women, their Offspring and iMproving lifestyle for Better cardiovascular health of both (WOMB) project is the follow-up of the LIFEstyle study, a randomised controlled trial in obese infertile women, and investigates the effects of a preconception lifestyle intervention on later health of women (WOMB women) and their children (WOMB kids). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Obese infertile women, aged between 18 and 39 years, were recruited in 23 Dutch fertility clinics between June 2009 and June 2012...
January 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319660/obesity-s-influence-on-operative-management-of-pediatric-supracondylar-humerus-fractures
#9
Neill Y Li, William J Bruce, Cara Joyce, Norman M Decker, Teresa Cappello
BACKGROUND: As childhood obesity remains an ongoing issue for the United States there has been an increasing number of studies detailing its effect on fracture complexity, management, and outcomes. This study utilizes a national database to examine whether obese children with supracondylar humerus fractures are more likely to require open reduction and internal fixation than nonobese children. METHODS: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kid's Inpatient Database of 2003, 2006, 2009, 2012 were queried for pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures [International Classification of Disease (ICD-9), 812...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258512/measurement-of-the-translation-and-impact-from-a-childhood-obesity-trial-programme-rationale-and-protocol-for-a-research-impact-assessment
#10
Penny Reeves, Simon Deeming, Shanthi Ramanathan, John Wiggers, Luke Wolfenden, Andrew Searles
BACKGROUND: There is growing recognition amongst health and medical research funders and researchers that translation of research into policy and practice needs to increase and that more transparency is needed on how impacts are realised. Several approaches are advocated for achieving this, including co-production of research or academic-practitioner research. The Population Health Unit (PHU) within the Hunter New England Local Health District in regional Australia, as an early adopter of this model, has been working to increase the likelihood that its research is translated into community health benefits...
December 19, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183360/misclassification-of-child-body-mass-index-from-cut-points-defined-by-rounded-percentiles-instead-of-z-scores
#11
Laura N Anderson, Sarah Carsley, Gerald Lebovic, Cornelia M Borkhoff, Jonathon L Maguire, Patricia C Parkin, Catherine S Birken
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the misclassification resulting from the use of body mass index (BMI) cut-points defined by rounded percentiles instead of Z-scores in early childhood. Using data from the TARGet Kids primary care network we conducted a cross-sectional study among 5836 children < 6 years of age. The World Health Organization growth standards were used to calculate BMI-for-age Z-scores. BMI Z-score cut-points of < - 2.0, > 1.0, > 2.0, > 3.0 are recommended to define wasted, at risk of overweight, overweight and obese...
November 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174078/acute-pancreatitis-admission-trends-a-national-estimate-through-the-kids-inpatient-database
#12
Maisam Abu-El-Haija, Samer El-Dika, Alice Hinton, Darwin L Conwell
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate national health care use and costs for pediatric acute pancreatitis. STUDY DESIGN: The Kids' Inpatient Database for 2006, 2009, and 2012 was queried for patients with a principal diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. Cases were grouped by age: preschool (<5 years of age), school age (5-14 years of age), and adolescents (>14 years of age). RESULTS: A total of 27 983 discharges for acute pancreatitis were found. The number of admissions increased with age: young n = 1279, middle n = 8012, and older n = 18 692...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127938/caregiver-feeding-practices-and-weight-status-among-african-american-adolescents-the-jackson-heart-kids-pilot-study
#13
E Thomaseo Burton, Tanganyika Wilder, Bettina M Beech, Marino A Bruce
Adolescence is a stage in the life course during which youth become more autonomous in their health behaviors. Overweight and obesity during this developmental period are associated with short- and long-term physical and emotional morbidity, and African American youth are at pronounced risk for these health outcomes. The style of parenting employed by caregivers influences health behaviors in children, though the persistence of this influence into adolescence is not clear. This study examined associations among caregiver feeding practices, body mass index z-score (zBMI), and waist circumference (WC) in a cohort of 212 African American adolescents (50...
December 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125558/the-impact-of-a-multi-level-multi-component-childhood-obesity-prevention-intervention-on-healthy-food-availability-sales-and-purchasing-in-a-low-income-urban-area
#14
Joel Gittelsohn, Angela C Trude, Lisa Poirier, Alexandra Ross, Cara Ruggiero, Teresa Schwendler, Elizabeth Anderson Steeves
The multifactorial causes of obesity require multilevel and multicomponent solutions, but such combined strategies have not been tested to improve the community food environment. We evaluated the impact of a multilevel (operating at different levels of the food environment) multicomponent (interventions occurring at the same level) community intervention. The B'more Healthy Communities for Kids (BHCK) intervention worked at the wholesaler ( n = 3), corner store ( n = 50), carryout ( n = 30), recreation center ( n = 28), household ( n = 365) levels to improve availability, purchasing, and consumption of healthier foods and beverages (low-sugar, low-fat) in low-income food desert predominantly African American zones in the city of Baltimore (MD, USA), ultimately intending to lead to decreased weight gain in children (not reported in this manuscript)...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096415/associations-of-adolescent-weight-status-and-meeting-national-obesity-related-recommendations
#15
Jessica A Cook, Emily V McCormick, Theresa E Mickiewicz, Arthur J Davidson, Deborah S Main
BACKGROUND: Adolescent overweight and obesity are serious health risks, with prevalence varying by sociodemographic group. Studies link children's weight status and sex/race-ethnic differences with meeting recommendations for physical activity and diet. But, research examining the intersection of sociodemographic characteristics, behavior, and weight status is limited. This paper aims to identify sociodemographic differences in the association between adolescent weight status and meeting 6 national obesity-related recommendations...
December 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048569/impulse-control-in-negative-mood-states-emotional-eating-and-food-addiction-are-associated-with-lower-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity
#16
Meredith H Rose, Evan P Nadler, Eleanor R Mackey
Objectives: Quality of life (QoL) is an important outcome to evaluate in adolescents with severe obesity, yet intrapersonal predictors of QoL are understudied. The current study assessed whether difficulty with impulse control when experiencing a negative mood (negative urgency) is associated with poorer QoL, mediated by more emotional eating and food addiction. Method: Participants consisted of 69 primarily female (71%), minority (76%) adolescents aged 13-21 (M age = 16...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899234/a-youth-leader-program-in-baltimore-city-recreation-centers-lessons-learned-and-applications
#17
Angela C B Trude, Elizabeth Anderson Steeves, Cara Shipley, Pamela J Surkan, Priscila de Morais Sato, Tracey Estep, Stella Clanton, Lisa Lachenmayr, Joel Gittelsohn
Peer-led interventions may be an effective means of addressing the childhood obesity epidemic; however, few studies have looked at the long-term sustainability of such programs. As part of a multilevel obesity prevention intervention, B'More Healthy Communities for Kids, 16 Baltimore college students were trained as youth-leaders (YLs) to deliver a skill-based nutrition curriculum to low-income African American children (10-14 years old). In April 2015, formative research was used to inform sustainability of the YL program in recreation centers...
January 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862935/what-is-the-relationship-between-dairy-intake-and-blood-pressure-in-black-and-white-children-and-adolescents-enrolled-in-a-weight-management-program
#18
Diane M DellaValle, Janet Carter, Molly Jones, Melissa Howard Henshaw
BACKGROUND: The DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) clinical trials and other studies have demonstrated a relationship between diet and cardiovascular outcomes in adults, yet little is known of this relationship in children. Childhood obesity has reached epidemic proportions in the United States, with similar increases in hypertension among this population. The purpose of our study was to examine the association between dairy intake and blood pressure (BP) in a cohort of children and adolescents (aged 4-17 years) enrolled in a weight management program...
August 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842971/the-impact-of-pediatric-obesity-on-hospitalized-children-with-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-in-the-united-states
#19
Yusuke Okubo, Kotaro Nochioka, Marcia A Testa
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is the most common public health problem and is a clinically complicating risk factor among hospitalized children. The impact of pediatric obesity on the severity and morbidity of lower respiratory tract infections remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of bronchitis and pneumonia among children aged 2-20 years using hospital discharge records. The data were obtained from the Kid's Inpatient Database in 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012, and were weighted to estimate the number of hospitalizations in the United States...
August 26, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842293/temperament-is-associated-with-outdoor-free-play-in-young-children-a-target-kids-study
#20
Julia R Sharp, Jonathon L Maguire, Sarah Carsley, Kawsari Abdullah, Yang Chen, Eliana M Perrin, Patricia C Parkin, Catherine S Birken
OBJECTIVE: Outdoor free play is important for preschoolers' physical activity, health, and development. Certain temperamental characteristics are associated with obesity, nutrition, and sedentary behaviors in preschoolers, but the relationship between temperament and outdoor play has not been examined. This study examined whether there is an association between temperament and outdoor play in young children. METHODS: Healthy children aged 1 to 5 years recruited to The Applied Research Group for Kids (TARGet Kids!), a community-based primary care research network, from July 2008 to September 2013 were included...
August 24, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
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