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Obesity kids

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882524/-how-many-kids-are-there-with-excess-weight-what-information-should-be-published
#1
Mónica Pérez-Ríos, María I Santiago-Pérez, Alberto Malvar Pintos, Jorge Suanzes Hernández, Xurxo Hervada Vidal
OBJECTIVE: In epidemiological studies, there is no consensus on which references should be used to characterize the weight status of schoolchildren after estimating their body mass index. The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence that different criteria have on the characterization of the weight status of Galician schoolchildren from 6 to 15 years old and to identify the criterion that best characterizes central obesity. METHODS: Cross-sectional study on a sample of 7...
June 11, 2018: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865969/implementation-of-text-messaging-and-social-media-strategies-in-a-multilevel-childhood-obesity-prevention-intervention-process-evaluation-results
#2
Ivory H Loh, Teresa Schwendler, Angela C B Trude, Elizabeth T Anderson Steeves, Lawrence J Cheskin, Sarah Lange, Joel Gittelsohn
Social media and text messaging show promise as public health interventions, but little evaluation of implementation exists. The B'more Healthy Communities for Kids (BHCK) was a multilevel, multicomponent (wholesalers, food stores, recreation centers) childhood obesity prevention trial that included social media and text-messaging components. The BHCK was implemented in 28 low-income areas of Baltimore City, Maryland, in 2 waves. The texting intervention targeted 241 low-income African American caregivers (of 283), who received 3 texts/week reinforcing key messages, providing nutrition information, and weekly goals...
January 2018: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789346/maternal-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-and-offspring-growth-the-upstate-kids-study
#3
Griffith A Bell, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Sunni L Mumford, Hyojun Park, Miranda Broadney, James L Mills, Erin M Bell, Edwina H Yeung
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common cause of female infertility and is associated with higher levels of circulating androgens. Exposure to higher levels of androgens in utero may be a risk factor for obesity among children of women with PCOS. METHODS: We examined whether maternal PCOS was associated with differences in offspring growth and obesity in the Upstate KIDS study, a prospective cohort study of infants born in New York State (excluding New York City) oversampled for fertility treatments and multiple births...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788977/exposure-to-a-multi-level-multi-component-childhood-obesity-prevention-community-randomized-controlled-trial-patterns-determinants-and-implications
#4
Angela Cristina Bizzotto Trude, Anna Yevgenyevna Kharmats, Jessica C Jones-Smith, Joel Gittelsohn
BACKGROUND: For community interventions to be effective in real-world conditions, participants need to have sufficient exposure to the intervention. It is unclear how the dose and intensity of the intervention differ among study participants in low-income areas. We aimed to understand patterns of exposure to different components of a multi-level multi-component obesity prevention program to inform our future impact analyses. METHODS: B'more Healthy Communities for Kids (BHCK) was a community-randomized controlled trial implemented in 28 low-income zones in Baltimore in two rounds (waves)...
May 22, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781193/newborn-adipokines-and-early-childhood-growth
#5
E H Yeung, R Sundaram, Y Xie, D A Lawrence
BACKGROUND: While adipokines can regulate satiety and energy metabolism, whether they are associated with childhood growth is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether adipokine levels at birth are associated with growth. METHODS: A total of 2264 singletons and 1144 twins from Upstate KIDS (born 2008-2010) had adiponectin, leptin, resistin and complement factor D measured in newborn blood spots. Parents reported anthropometry from paediatric visits via questionnaires every 4-6 months...
May 20, 2018: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726856/uspstf-update-new-and-revised-recommendations
#6
Doug Campos-Outcalt
Behavioral interventions for obese kids and teens can improve weight for up to a year, and a new analysis reverses previous advice on scoliosis screening.
May 2018: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656912/the-voices-for-healthy-kids-and-state-legislation-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-an-update
#7
Sara N Bleich, Jesse C Jones-Smith, Hannah J Walters, Lainie Rutkow
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to examine general time trends in childhood obesity legislative activity in all 50 states (overall and by health equity focus) and whether the Voices for Healthy Kids Campaign (Voices) was associated with increased legislative activity. METHODS: LexisNexis State Capital was used to identify bills related to childhood obesity from 2012 to 2016. Linear and linear probability models were used to assess general time trends and regression-based difference-in-difference models to assess whether time trends differed for states that received a Voices grant...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589482/psychosocial-determinants-of-food-acquisition-and-preparation-in-low-income-urban-african-american-households
#8
JaWanna L Henry, Angela C B Trude, Pamela J Surkan, Elizabeth Anderson Steeves, Laura C Hopkins, Joel Gittelsohn
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors are important determinants of health behaviors and diet-related outcomes, yet relatively little work has explored their relation to food-purchasing and preparation behaviors in low-income populations. AIM: To evaluate the psychosocial factors associated with food-related behaviors. METHODS: Cross-sectional data collected from 465 low-income African American adult caregivers in the baseline evaluation of the B'more Healthy Communities for Kids obesity prevention trial...
March 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567008/an-obesity-risk-assessment-tool-for-young-children-validity-with-bmi-and-nutrient-values
#9
Marilyn S Townsend, Mical K Shilts, Dennis M Styne, Christiana Drake, Louise Lanoue, Lenna Ontai
OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate validity and reliability for an obesity risk assessment tool for young children targeting families' modifiable home environments. DESIGN: Longitudinal design with data collected over 100 weeks. SETTING: Head Start and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children. PARTICIPANTS: Parent-child pairs (n = 133) provided food behavior assessments; 3 child-modified, 24-hour dietary recalls; 3 ≥ 36-hour activity logs; and measured heights and weights...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493403/vaspin-and-omentin-1-in-obese-children-with-metabolic-syndrome-two-new-kids-on-the-block
#10
Seema Kumar, P Babu Balagopal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473237/dietary-outcomes-of-overweight-fathers-and-their-children-in-the-healthy-dads-healthy-kids-community-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
A Williams, N de Vlieger, M Young, M E Jensen, T L Burrows, P J Morgan, C E Collins
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined dietary intake changes following a weight loss intervention in fathers and the association between father-child dietary intakes. The present study aimed to: (i) evaluate the change in dietary intake in overweight fathers randomised to a family-based lifestyle intervention [Healthy Dads Healthy Kids (HDHK)] versus controls and (ii) investigate whether an association exists between father-child dietary intakes. METHODS: A secondary analysis was conducted of father-child baseline and 3-month post-intervention data (n = 93) collected in the HDHK community randomised controlled trial...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449135/effects-of-before-school-physical-activity-on-obesity-prevention-and-wellness
#12
Rachel C Whooten, Meghan E Perkins, Monica W Gerber, Elsie M Taveras
INTRODUCTION: The effects of Build Our Kids Success-a 12-week, 1-hour before-school physical activity program-on BMI and social-emotional wellness among kindergarten to eighth grade students was examined. STUDY DESIGN: This was a nonrandomized trial. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Participants were from 24 schools in Massachusetts; there were 707 children from kindergarten to eighth grade. INTERVENTION: Children registered for Build Our Kids Success in 2015-2016 participated in a 2 days/week or 3 days/week program...
April 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433464/the-accuracy-of-parent-reported-height-and-weight-for-6-12-year-old-u-s-children
#13
Davene R Wright, Karen Glanz, Trina Colburn, Shannon M Robson, Brian E Saelens
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have examined correlations between BMI calculated using parent-reported and directly-measured child height and weight. The objective of this study was to validate correction factors for parent-reported child measurements. METHODS: Concordance between parent-reported and investigator measured child height, weight, and BMI (kg/m2 ) among participants in the Neighborhood Impact on Kids Study (n = 616) was examined using the Lin coefficient, where a value of ±1...
February 12, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371262/women-their-offspring-and-improving-lifestyle-for-better-cardiovascular-health-of-both-womb-project-a-protocol-of-the-follow-up-of-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Cornelieke van de Beek, Annemieke Hoek, Rebecca C Painter, Reinoud J B J Gemke, Mireille N M van Poppel, Anouk Geelen, Henk Groen, Ben Willem Mol, Tessa J Roseboom
INTRODUCTION: Women, their Offspring and iMproving lifestyle for Better cardiovascular health of both (WOMB) project is the follow-up of the LIFEstyle study, a randomised controlled trial in obese infertile women, and investigates the effects of a preconception lifestyle intervention on later health of women (WOMB women) and their children (WOMB kids). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Obese infertile women, aged between 18 and 39 years, were recruited in 23 Dutch fertility clinics between June 2009 and June 2012...
January 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319660/obesity-s-influence-on-operative-management-of-pediatric-supracondylar-humerus-fractures
#15
Neill Y Li, William J Bruce, Cara Joyce, Norman M Decker, Teresa Cappello
BACKGROUND: As childhood obesity remains an ongoing issue for the United States there has been an increasing number of studies detailing its effect on fracture complexity, management, and outcomes. This study utilizes a national database to examine whether obese children with supracondylar humerus fractures are more likely to require open reduction and internal fixation than nonobese children. METHODS: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kid's Inpatient Database of 2003, 2006, 2009, 2012 were queried for pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures [International Classification of Disease (ICD-9), 812...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258512/measurement-of-the-translation-and-impact-from-a-childhood-obesity-trial-programme-rationale-and-protocol-for-a-research-impact-assessment
#16
Penny Reeves, Simon Deeming, Shanthi Ramanathan, John Wiggers, Luke Wolfenden, Andrew Searles
BACKGROUND: There is growing recognition amongst health and medical research funders and researchers that translation of research into policy and practice needs to increase and that more transparency is needed on how impacts are realised. Several approaches are advocated for achieving this, including co-production of research or academic-practitioner research. The Population Health Unit (PHU) within the Hunter New England Local Health District in regional Australia, as an early adopter of this model, has been working to increase the likelihood that its research is translated into community health benefits...
December 19, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183360/misclassification-of-child-body-mass-index-from-cut-points-defined-by-rounded-percentiles-instead-of-z-scores
#17
Laura N Anderson, Sarah Carsley, Gerald Lebovic, Cornelia M Borkhoff, Jonathon L Maguire, Patricia C Parkin, Catherine S Birken
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the misclassification resulting from the use of body mass index (BMI) cut-points defined by rounded percentiles instead of Z-scores in early childhood. Using data from the TARGet Kids primary care network we conducted a cross-sectional study among 5836 children < 6 years of age. The World Health Organization growth standards were used to calculate BMI-for-age Z-scores. BMI Z-score cut-points of < - 2.0, > 1.0, > 2.0, > 3.0 are recommended to define wasted, at risk of overweight, overweight and obese...
November 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174078/acute-pancreatitis-admission-trends-a-national-estimate-through-the-kids-inpatient-database
#18
Maisam Abu-El-Haija, Samer El-Dika, Alice Hinton, Darwin L Conwell
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate national health care use and costs for pediatric acute pancreatitis. STUDY DESIGN: The Kids' Inpatient Database for 2006, 2009, and 2012 was queried for patients with a principal diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. Cases were grouped by age: preschool (<5 years of age), school age (5-14 years of age), and adolescents (>14 years of age). RESULTS: A total of 27 983 discharges for acute pancreatitis were found. The number of admissions increased with age: young n = 1279, middle n = 8012, and older n = 18 692...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127938/caregiver-feeding-practices-and-weight-status-among-african-american-adolescents-the-jackson-heart-kids-pilot-study
#19
E Thomaseo Burton, Tanganyika Wilder, Bettina M Beech, Marino A Bruce
Adolescence is a stage in the life course during which youth become more autonomous in their health behaviors. Overweight and obesity during this developmental period are associated with short- and long-term physical and emotional morbidity, and African American youth are at pronounced risk for these health outcomes. The style of parenting employed by caregivers influences health behaviors in children, though the persistence of this influence into adolescence is not clear. This study examined associations among caregiver feeding practices, body mass index z-score (zBMI), and waist circumference (WC) in a cohort of 212 African American adolescents (50...
December 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125558/the-impact-of-a-multi-level-multi-component-childhood-obesity-prevention-intervention-on-healthy-food-availability-sales-and-purchasing-in-a-low-income-urban-area
#20
Joel Gittelsohn, Angela C Trude, Lisa Poirier, Alexandra Ross, Cara Ruggiero, Teresa Schwendler, Elizabeth Anderson Steeves
The multifactorial causes of obesity require multilevel and multicomponent solutions, but such combined strategies have not been tested to improve the community food environment. We evaluated the impact of a multilevel (operating at different levels of the food environment) multicomponent (interventions occurring at the same level) community intervention. The B'more Healthy Communities for Kids (BHCK) intervention worked at the wholesaler ( n = 3), corner store ( n = 50), carryout ( n = 30), recreation center ( n = 28), household ( n = 365) levels to improve availability, purchasing, and consumption of healthier foods and beverages (low-sugar, low-fat) in low-income food desert predominantly African American zones in the city of Baltimore (MD, USA), ultimately intending to lead to decreased weight gain in children (not reported in this manuscript)...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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