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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633388/sex-obesity-and-blood-pressure-among-african-american-adolescents-the-jackson-heart-kids-pilot-study
#1
Marino A Bruce, Bettina M Beech, Keith C Norris, Derek M Griffith, Mario Sims, Roland J Thorpe
BACKGROUND: This study examined the degree to which sex, weight status, and the presence of hypertension and obesity in parents/grandparents were associated with systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure (BP) among African American youth in a pilot offspring study examining obesity-related cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks among adolescents. RESULTS: Fully adjusted linear regression models of the total sample produced results indicating that obesity was associated with BP (SBP: β = 7...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579134/the-impact-of-obesity-on-pediatric-inpatients-with-urinary-tract-infections-in-the-united-states
#2
Yusuke Okubo, Atsuhiko Handa
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are common infectious disorders, and obesity is an increasing public health problem worldwide. Several studies have suggested that childhood obesity may be associated with the development of UTI. However, the potential effects of obesity on the clinical outcomes of UTI in children remain unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hospital discharge records for patients aged 18 years or younger with a diagnosis of UTI were extracted from the 2012 Kids' Inpatient Database...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578432/effects-of-childhood-and-adolescence-physical-activity-patterns-on-psychosis-risk-a-general-population-cohort-study
#3
Elina Sormunen, Maiju M Saarinen, Raimo K R Salokangas, Risto Telama, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Tuija Tammelin, Jorma Viikari, Olli Raitakari, Jarmo Hietala
Schizophrenia spectrum disorders are associated with high morbidity and mortality in somatic diseases. The risk factors of this excess mortality include, e.g., obesity, dietary factors, and physical inactivity, especially after the onset of psychosis, but there are limited early developmental data on these factors in individuals who later develop psychosis. A population-based cohort study "Cardiovascular Risk of Young Finns" started in 1980 with 3596 children and adolescents from six different age groups (3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 years)...
January 13, 2017: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542065/data-for-community-health-assessment-in-rural-colorado-a-comparison-of-electronic-health-records-to-public-health-surveys-to-describe-childhood-obesity
#4
Margaret J Gutilla, Arthur J Davidson, Matthew F Daley, G Brooke Anderson, Julie A Marshall, Sheryl Magzamen
CONTEXT: Community-level data are necessary to inform community health assessments and to plan for appropriate interventions. However, data derived from public health surveys may be limited or unavailable in rural locations. OBJECTIVE: We compared 2 sources of data for community health assessment in rural Colorado, electronic health records (EHRs) and routine public health surveys. DESIGN: Comparison of cross-sectional measures of childhood/youth obesity prevalence and data quality...
July 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511153/-morbidity-rate-of-obesity-in-children-in-ukraine-overweight-as-noncontagious-disease-risk-factor
#5
Ірина Е Заболотна
INTRODUCTION: The upsurge of prevalence rate of obesity and overweight that in the majority of cases traces back to childhood is a risk factor of the most common noncontagious diseases in adults. THE AIM: The aim was to analyze prevalence of obesity in children in Ukraine and to conduct the pilot study of medical condition of overweight children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Official state statistics of prevalence rate of obesity in kids and screening data of anthropometric characteristics, arterial tension levels, physical performance decrement and medical condition of children (boys - 50, girls - 90, average age - 15,1±0,1 years) was used in research...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497993/personal-variation-in-preference-for-sweetness-effects-of-age-and-obesity
#6
Nuala Bobowski, Julie A Mennella
BACKGROUND: Use of nonnutritive sweeteners (NNSs), which provide sweet taste with few to no calories, has increased, but data on whether children's hedonic responses to NNSs differ from nutritive sugars or from adults' hedonic responses are limited. METHODS: Most preferred levels of sucrose and the NNS sucralose were determined via a forced-choice tracking procedure in 48 children, 7-14 years (mean = 10 years), and 34 adults. Each participant also rated the liking of these taste stimuli, as well as varying concentrations of aspartame on 3- and 5-point facial hedonic scales...
May 12, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492501/urinary-metabolomics-in-pediatric-obesity-and-nafld-identifies-metabolic-pathways-metabolites-related-to-dietary-habits-and-gut-liver-axis-perturbations
#7
Jacopo Troisi, Luca Pierri, Annamaria Landolfi, Francesca Marciano, Antonella Bisogno, Federica Belmonte, Carmen Palladino, Salvatore Guercio Nuzio, Pietro Campiglia, Pietro Vajro
To get insight into still elusive pathomechanisms of pediatric obesity and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) we explored the interplay among GC-MS studied urinary metabolomic signature, gut liver axis (GLA) abnormalities, and food preferences (Kid-Med). Intestinal permeability (IP), small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), and homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance were investigated in forty children (mean age 9.8 years) categorized as normal weight (NW) or obese (body mass index <85th or >95th percentile, respectively) ± ultrasonographic bright liver and hypertransaminasemia (NAFLD)...
May 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463443/implementing-a-nutrition-and-physical-activity-curriculum-in-head-start-through-an-academic-community-partnership
#8
Whitney E Zahnd, Tracey Smith, Susan J Ryherd, Melissa Cleer, Valerie Rogers, David E Steward
BACKGROUND: Schools may be an effective avenue for interventions that prevent childhood obesity. I am Moving I am Learning/Choosy Kids(©) (IMIL/CK) is a curriculum recommended by Head Start (HS) for education in nutrition, physical activity, and healthy lifestyle habits. METHODS: We formed an academic-community partnership (ACP), the Springfield Collaborative for Active Child Health, to promote prevention of childhood obesity, in part, to implement the IMIL/CK curriculum in local HS sites...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429405/child-body-mass-index-genotype-and-parenting-in-the-prediction-of-restrictive-feeding
#9
K K Bost, M Teran-Garcia, S M Donovan, B H Fiese
BACKGROUND: Restrictive feeding is implicated in pediatric obesity, and caregivers increase controlling feeding practices on the basis of higher child weight status. However, few studies have examined how child genetic and parenting characteristics together impact restrictive feeding. OBJECTIVES: We examined whether child body mass index (BMI) status predicts caregiver use of restrictive feeding and if this association is moderated by (i) caregiver strategies to manage their children's distress and (ii) child variations in the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene (Val(158) Met, rs4680)...
April 21, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390403/farm-fresh-foods-for-healthy-kids-f3hk-an-innovative-community-supported-agriculture-intervention-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-in-low-income-families-and-strengthen-local-agricultural-economies
#10
Rebecca A Seguin, Emily H Morgan, Karla L Hanson, Alice S Ammerman, Stephanie B Jilcott Pitts, Jane Kolodinsky, Marilyn Sitaker, Florence A Becot, Leah M Connor, Jennifer A Garner, Jared T McGuirt
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity persists in the United States and is associated with serious health problems. Higher rates of obesity among children from disadvantaged households may be, in part, attributable to disparities in access to healthy foods such as fruits and vegetables. Community supported agriculture can improve access to and consumption of fresh produce, but the upfront payment structure, logistical barriers, and unfamiliarity with produce items may inhibit participation by low-income families...
April 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382838/potato-chips-cookies-and-candy-oh-my-public-commentary-on-proposed-rules-regulating-competitive-foods
#11
Lauren M Dinour, Antoinette Pole
BACKGROUND: The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 authorizes the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to establish nutritional standards for all foods sold in schools participating in federally funded meal programs. These foods, known as competitive foods, are commonly found in school cafeterias, vending machines, fundraisers, and snack bars and are associated with unhealthy dietary patterns. However, little is known about the regulatory process and opportunities for public participation to improve school food...
April 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343413/development-and-implementation
#12
Teresa Schwendler, Cara Shipley, Nadine Budd, Angela Trude, Pamela J Surkan, Elizabeth Anderson Steeves, Priscila de Morais Sato, Thomas Eckmann, Hong Loh, Joel Gittelsohn
Higher rates of obesity and obesity-related chronic disease are prevalent in communities where there is limited access to affordable, healthy food. The B'More Healthy Communities for Kids (BHCK) trial worked at multiple levels of the food environment including food wholesalers and corner stores to improve the surrounding community's access to healthy food. The objective of this article is to describe the development and implementation of BHCK's corner store and wholesaler interventions through formal process evaluation...
March 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161671/generating-political-priority-for-regulatory-interventions-targeting-obesity-prevention-an-australian-case-study
#13
Phillip Baker, Timothy Gill, Sharon Friel, Gemma Carey, Adrian Kay
Effective obesity prevention requires a synergistic mix of population-level interventions including a strong role for government and the regulation of the marketing, labelling, content and pricing of energy-dense foods and beverages. In this paper we adopt the agenda of the Australian Federal Government (AFG) as a case study to understand the factors generating or hindering political priority for such 'regulatory interventions' between 1990 and 2011. Using a theoretically-guided process tracing method we undertook documentary analysis and conducted 27 interviews with a diversity of actors involved in obesity politics...
January 24, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141860/prevalence-of-high-blood-pressure-and-association-with-obesity-in-spanish-schoolchildren-aged-4-6-years-old
#14
Noelia Martín-Espinosa, Ana Díez-Fernández, Mairena Sánchez-López, Irene Rivero-Merino, Lidia Lucas-De La Cruz, Montserrat Solera-Martínez, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of high blood pressure in children is increasing worldwide, largely, but not entirely, driven by the concurrent childhood obesity epidemic. The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension in 4-to-6-year-old Spanish schoolchildren, and to evaluate the association between different blood pressure (BP) components with different adiposity indicators. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including a sample of 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097364/modest-obesity-reduction-in-low-income-kids
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044047/parental-obesity-and-early-childhood-development
#16
Edwina H Yeung, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Akhgar Ghassabian, Yunlong Xie, Germaine Buck Louis
BACKGROUND: Previous studies identified associations between maternal obesity and childhood neurodevelopment, but few examined paternal obesity despite potentially distinct genetic/epigenetic effects related to developmental programming. METHODS: Upstate KIDS (2008-2010) recruited mothers from New York State (excluding New York City) at ∼4 months postpartum. Parents completed the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) when their children were 4, 8, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 months of age corrected for gestation...
February 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968929/nutrition-and-skin-kids-are-not-just-little-people
#17
REVIEW
Meagen McCusker, Robert Sidbury
There has been a surge of new data regarding the pathophysiology of skin diseases. We are appreciating the sophisticated interplay among the skin, the immune system, and the environment. More elegant and highly specific medicines have been designed to target certain immune mediators of the adaptive immune system. In parallel fashion, we are learning more about the elegance of the innate immune system and how nutrition as early as the prenatal period can affect the priming of other immune cells. Concerns about the long-term impact of new immune-modulating medicines-especially in the pediatric population-have patients asking their dermatologists for nutritional alternatives to medical therapies...
November 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956942/obesity-and-hypertensive-heart-disease-focus-on-body-composition-and-sex-differences
#18
REVIEW
Giovanni de Simone, Costantino Mancusi, Raffaele Izzo, Maria Angela Losi, L Aldo Ferrara
There is evidence that hypertension is frequently associated with overweight/obesity even in kids and adolescents. Either conditions influence development of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH), through different biological and hemodynamic mechanisms: obesity is conventionally thought to elicit a coherent growth of LV chamber dimensions and myocardial wall thickness (eccentric LV geometry), whereas a more accentuated increase in wall-thickness (concentric LV geometry) is attributed to hypertension. While during youth these differences are visible, proportion of LV concentric geometry, the most harmful LV geometric pattern, sharply raises in obese individuals during middle age, and becomes the most frequent geometric patterns among obese-hypertensive individuals...
2016: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852618/relation-between-milk-fat-percentage-vitamin-d-and-bmi-z-score-in-early-childhood
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Shelley M Vanderhout, Catherine S Birken, Patricia C Parkin, Gerald Lebovic, Yang Chen, Deborah L O'Connor, Jonathon L Maguire
BACKGROUND: Fortified cow milk is a material contributor of vitamin D and dietary fat in children. Recommendations for children >2 y of age advise reduced milk-fat consumption to reduce childhood obesity, yet the relation between lower milk fat, vitamin D stores, and body mass index (BMI) is unclear. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to explore the association between milk-fat percentage and both BMI z score (zBMI) and venous 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D]; the secondary objective was to assess whether milk volume consumed modified this relation...
December 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848747/results-from-qatar-s-2016-active-healthy-kids-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mohamed G Al-Kuwari, Izzeldin A Ibrahim, Eiman M Al Hammadi, John J Reilly
BACKGROUND: The first Qatar Active Healthy Kids (QAHK) Report Card was developed in 2015-2016. It is a synthesis of the available evidence on physical activity in children and youth in the state of Qatar-an assessment of the state of the nation. The report card is important for future physical activity advocacy, policy, and program development. METHODS: The QAHK Report Card was inspired by the Active Healthy Kids Scotland 2013 Report Card. The methodology used in Scotland's report card was adapted for Qatar...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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