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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161671/generating-political-priority-for-regulatory-interventions-targeting-obesity-prevention-an-australian-case-study
#1
Phillip Baker, Timothy Gill, Sharon Friel, Gemma Carey, Adrian Kay
Effective obesity prevention requires a synergistic mix of population-level interventions including a strong role for government and the regulation of the marketing, labelling, content and pricing of energy-dense foods and beverages. In this paper we adopt the agenda of the Australian Federal Government (AFG) as a case study to understand the factors generating or hindering political priority for such 'regulatory interventions' between 1990 and 2011. Using a theoretically-guided process tracing method we undertook documentary analysis and conducted 27 interviews with a diversity of actors involved in obesity politics...
January 24, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141860/prevalence-of-high-blood-pressure-and-association-with-obesity-in-spanish-schoolchildren-aged-4-6-years-old
#2
Noelia Martín-Espinosa, Ana Díez-Fernández, Mairena Sánchez-López, Irene Rivero-Merino, Lidia Lucas-De La Cruz, Montserrat Solera-Martínez, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of high blood pressure in children is increasing worldwide, largely, but not entirely, driven by the concurrent childhood obesity epidemic. The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension in 4-to-6-year-old Spanish schoolchildren, and to evaluate the association between different blood pressure (BP) components with different adiposity indicators. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including a sample of 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097364/modest-obesity-reduction-in-low-income-kids
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044047/parental-obesity-and-early-childhood-development
#4
Edwina H Yeung, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Akhgar Ghassabian, Yunlong Xie, Germaine Buck Louis
BACKGROUND: Previous studies identified associations between maternal obesity and childhood neurodevelopment, but few examined paternal obesity despite potentially distinct genetic/epigenetic effects related to developmental programming. METHODS: Upstate KIDS (2008-2010) recruited mothers from New York State (excluding New York City) at ∼4 months postpartum. Parents completed the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) when their children were 4, 8, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 months of age corrected for gestation...
February 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968929/nutrition-and-skin-kids-are-not-just-little-people
#5
Meagen McCusker, Robert Sidbury
There has been a surge of new data regarding the pathophysiology of skin diseases. We are appreciating the sophisticated interplay among the skin, the immune system, and the environment. More elegant and highly specific medicines have been designed to target certain immune mediators of the adaptive immune system. In parallel fashion, we are learning more about the elegance of the innate immune system and how nutrition as early as the prenatal period can affect the priming of other immune cells. Concerns about the long-term impact of new immune-modulating medicines-especially in the pediatric population-have patients asking their dermatologists for nutritional alternatives to medical therapies...
November 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956942/obesity-and-hypertensive-heart-disease-focus-on-body-composition-and-sex-differences
#6
REVIEW
Giovanni de Simone, Costantino Mancusi, Raffaele Izzo, Maria Angela Losi, L Aldo Ferrara
There is evidence that hypertension is frequently associated with overweight/obesity even in kids and adolescents. Either conditions influence development of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH), through different biological and hemodynamic mechanisms: obesity is conventionally thought to elicit a coherent growth of LV chamber dimensions and myocardial wall thickness (eccentric LV geometry), whereas a more accentuated increase in wall-thickness (concentric LV geometry) is attributed to hypertension. While during youth these differences are visible, proportion of LV concentric geometry, the most harmful LV geometric pattern, sharply raises in obese individuals during middle age, and becomes the most frequent geometric patterns among obese-hypertensive individuals...
2016: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852618/relation-between-milk-fat-percentage-vitamin-d-and-bmi-z-score-in-early-childhood
#7
Shelley M Vanderhout, Catherine S Birken, Patricia C Parkin, Gerald Lebovic, Yang Chen, Deborah L O'Connor, Jonathon L Maguire
BACKGROUND: Fortified cow milk is a material contributor of vitamin D and dietary fat in children. Recommendations for children >2 y of age advise reduced milk-fat consumption to reduce childhood obesity, yet the relation between lower milk fat, vitamin D stores, and body mass index (BMI) is unclear. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to explore the association between milk-fat percentage and both BMI z score (zBMI) and venous 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D]; the secondary objective was to assess whether milk volume consumed modified this relation...
December 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848747/results-from-qatar-s-2016-active-healthy-kids-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#8
Mohamed G Al-Kuwari, Izzeldin A Ibrahim, Eiman M Al Hammadi, John J Reilly
BACKGROUND: The first Qatar Active Healthy Kids (QAHK) Report Card was developed in 2015-2016. It is a synthesis of the available evidence on physical activity in children and youth in the state of Qatar-an assessment of the state of the nation. The report card is important for future physical activity advocacy, policy, and program development. METHODS: The QAHK Report Card was inspired by the Active Healthy Kids Scotland 2013 Report Card. The methodology used in Scotland's report card was adapted for Qatar...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848731/results-from-scotland-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#9
John J Reilly, Avril Johnstone, Geraldine McNeill, Adrienne R Hughes
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Active Healthy Kids Scotland Report Card aims to improve surveillance of physical activity (PA), facilitate international comparisons, and encourage evidence-informed PA and health policy. METHODS: Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card methodology was used: a search for data on child and adolescent PA and health published after the 2013 Scottish Report Card was carried out. Data sources were considered for grading if based on representative samples with prevalence estimates made using methods with low bias...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848718/results-from-sweden-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#10
Christine Delisle Nyström, Christel Larsson, Bettina Ehrenblad, Hanna Eneroth, Ulf Eriksson, Marita Friberg, Maria Hagströmer, Anna Karin Lindroos, John J Reilly, Marie Löf
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Swedish Report Card on Physical Activity (PA) for Children and Youth is a unique compilation of the existing physical and health related data in Sweden. The aim of this article is to summarize the procedure and results from the report card. METHODS: Nationally representative surveys and individual studies published between 2005-2015 were included. Eleven PA and health indicators were graded using the Active Healthy Kids Canada grading system...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780976/impact-of-parental-obesity-on-neonatal-markers-of-inflammation-and-immune-response
#11
M M Broadney, N Chahal, K A Michels, A C McLain, A Ghassabian, D A Lawrence, E H Yeung
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Maternal obesity may influence neonatal and childhood morbidities through increased inflammation and/or altered immune response. Less is known about paternal obesity. We hypothesized that excessive parental weight contributes to elevated inflammation and altered immunoglobulin (Ig) profiles in neonates. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In the Upstate KIDS Study maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) was obtained from vital records and paternal BMI from maternal report...
January 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774251/low-income-african-american-adults-share-weight-status-food-related-psychosocial-factors-and-behaviours-with-their-children
#12
E Han, J Jones-Smith, P J Surkan, A Y Kharmats, G M Vedovato, A C B Trude, E Anderson Steeves, J Gittelsohn
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the extent to which low-income African-American children's weight status, psychosocial characteristics and food-related behaviours are associated with that of their adult caregivers. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from baseline evaluation of B'More Healthy Communities for Kids obesity prevention trial were used. Outcomes of interest were children's overweight and/or obesity status, food-related self-efficacy, knowledge, intentions and healthier/less healthy food acquisition scores...
December 2015: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558162/household-psychosocial-and-individual-level-factors-associated-with-fruit-vegetable-and-fiber-intake-among-low-income-urban-african-american-youth
#13
Angela Cristina Bizzotto Trude, Anna Yevgenyevna Kharmats, Kristen Marie Hurley, Elizabeth Anderson Steeves, Sameera A Talegawkar, Joel Gittelsohn
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity, one of the greatest challenges to public health, disproportionately affects low-income urban minority populations. Fruits and vegetables (FV) are nutrient dense foods that may be inversely associated with excessive weight gain. We aimed to identify the individual characteristic, psychosocial, and household factors influencing FV and fiber consumption in low-income African-American (AA) youth in Baltimore, MD. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of data collected from 285 low-income AA caregiver-youth (age range: 10-14 y) dyads participating in the baseline evaluation of the B'More Healthy Communities for Kids obesity prevention trial...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479051/relationship-between-parental-feeding-practices-and-neural-responses-to-food-cues-in-adolescents
#14
Harriet A Allen, Alison Chambers, Jacqueline Blissett, Magdalena Chechlacz, Timothy Barrett, Suzanne Higgs, Arie Nouwen
Social context, specifically within the family, influences adolescent eating behaviours and thus their health. Little is known about the specific mechanisms underlying the effects of parental feeding practices on eating. We explored relationships between parental feeding practices and adolescent eating habits and brain activity in response to viewing food images. Fifty- seven adolescents (15 with type 2 diabetes mellitus, 21 obese and 21 healthy weight controls) underwent fMRI scanning whilst viewing images of food or matched control images...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372599/burden-of-obesity-on-pediatric-inpatients-with-acute-asthma-exacerbation-in-the-united-states
#15
Yusuke Okubo, Kotaro Nochioka, Hiroshi Hataya, Hiroshi Sakakibara, Toshiro Terakawa, Marcia Testa
BACKGROUND: Obesity and asthma are common health problems in the United States. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical and economic burdens of obesity on hospitalized children with acute asthma exacerbation in 2012. METHODS: Hospital discharge records of patients aged 2 to 18 years with a diagnosis of asthma were obtained from the 2012 Kids' Inpatient Database, wherein the data were compiled by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339866/the-effect-of-before-school-physical-activity-on-child-development-a-study-protocol-to-evaluate-the-build-our-kids-success-boks-program
#16
Rachele Pojednic, Stephanie Peabody, Shelley Carson, Mary Kennedy, Katherine Bevans, Edward M Phillips
INTRODUCTION: Most childhood physical activity interventions focus on reducing childhood obesity with varying success, indicating that body mass index (BMI) may be a limited marker of health in children. To better understand overall childhood health and wellbeing, this study is investigating BOKS (Build Our Kids Success), an established ongoing before-school physical activity program, to evaluate students' physical health, mental health, cognitive capacity, and academic performance. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study is a non-randomized controlled trial with 26 elementary and middle schools in 3 Massachusetts communities, including first through eighth grade (aged 5-14) students, their parents, and teachers...
July 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337622/spirituality-religiosity-and-weight-management-among-african-american-adolescent-males-the-jackson-heart-kids-pilot-study
#17
Marino A Bruce, Bettina M Beech, Derek M Griffith, Roland J Thorpe
Spirituality and religion have been identified as important determinants of health for adults; however, the impact of faith-oriented factors on health behaviors and outcomes among African American adolescent males has not been well studied. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between religiosity and spirituality and obesity-related behaviors among 12-19 year old African American males (N = 105) in the Jackson Heart KIDS Pilot Study. Key variables of interest are church attendance, prayer, daily spirituality, weight status, attempts to lose weight, nutrition, physical activity, and stress...
July 2016: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27336592/a-community-based-healthy-living-promotion-program-improved-self-esteem-among-minority-children
#18
William W Wong, Christina L Ortiz, Janice E Stuff, Carmen Mikhail, Debra Lathan, Louis A Moore, Mercedes E Alejandro, Nancy F Butte, Elliot O'Brian Smith
OBJECTIVES: Improving self-esteem, dietary habits, and physical activity is essential for long-term success in childhood obesity prevention. The aim is to evaluate the effects of a healthy living promotion program, Healthy Kids-Houston, on BMI, dietary habits, self-esteem, and physical activity among minority children. METHODS: The after-school program was implemented at community centers in low-income neighborhoods with close proximity to public schools. The program consisted of 3 6-week sessions...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27243476/physical-activity-self-efficacy-and-fitness-family-environment-relationship-correlates-and-self-esteem-as-a-mediator-among-adolescents-who-are-overweight-or-obese
#19
Nora L Nock, Carolyn E Ievers-Landis, Rachel Dajani, Darryl Knight, Alexander Rigda, Sumana Narasimhan, Naveen Uli
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding how dimensions of the family social environment relate to fitness levels and physical activity self-efficacy (PASE) among adolescents who are overweight or obese and whether these relationships are mediated by self-esteem. METHODS: Potential associations were evaluated between relationship subdomains (cohesion, conflict, expressivity) of the Family Environment Scale (FES), self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, RSES), and PASE and fitness, using recovery heart rate [RHR, beats per minute (bpm)] from a 3-minute submaximal step test at baseline...
October 2016: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231236/two-year-follow-up-of-a-primary-care-based-intervention-to-prevent-and-manage-childhood-obesity-the-high-five-for-kids-study
#20
Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Elsie M Taveras, Steven L Gortmaker, Katherine H Hohman, Christine M Horan, Ken P Kleinman, Kathleen Mitchell, Sarah Price, Lisa A Prosser, Matthew W Gillman
BACKGROUND: The obesity epidemic has spared no age group, even young infants. Most childhood obesity is incident by the age of 5 years, making prevention in preschool years a priority. OBJECTIVE: To examine 2-year changes in age- and sex-specific BMI z-scores and obesity-related behaviours among 441 of the 475 originally recruited participants in High Five for Kids, a cluster randomized controlled trial in 10 paediatric practices. METHODS: The intervention included a more intensive 1-year intervention period (four in-person visits and two phone calls) followed by a less intensive 1-year maintenance period (two in-person visits) among children who were overweight or obese and age 2-6 years at enrolment...
May 27, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
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