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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324890/correction-behavioral-and-neural-correlates-of-executive-functioning-in-musicians-and-non-musicians
#1
Jennifer Zuk, Christopher Benjamin, Arnold Kenyon, Nadine Gaab
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0099868.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300756/behavioral-and-subcortical-signatures-of-musical-expertise-in-mandarin-chinese-speakers
#2
Caitlin Dawson, Mari Tervaniemi, Daniel Aalto
Both musical training and native language have been shown to have experience-based plastic effects on auditory processing. However, the combined effects within individuals are unclear. Recent research suggests that musical training and tone language speaking are not clearly additive in their effects on processing of auditory features and that there may be a disconnect between perceptual and neural signatures of auditory feature processing. The literature has only recently begun to investigate the effects of musical expertise on basic auditory processing for different linguistic groups...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286267/landmark-lecture-on-cardiology-the-quest-for-the-ultimate-team-in-health-care-what-we-can-learn-from-musicians-about-leadership-innovation-and-teambuilding
#3
Daniel J Penny
The importance of teamwork is being increasingly recognised in healthcare. Nonetheless, it is equally recognised that teamwork is difficult. In this article, I explore whether we can learn lessons from musicians, orchestras, and conductors as we build our teams. The evolution of the role of the conductor provides useful lessons on leadership and the evolving role of the members of the orchestra on how team members can contribute to a shared outcome. The uncertainty of jazz provides useful lessons for innovation in an increasingly turbulent healthcare environment...
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277649/musical-genre-dependent-behavioural-and-eeg-signatures-of-action-planning-a-comparison-between-classical-and-jazz-pianists
#4
R Bianco, G Novembre, P E Keller, A Villringer, D Sammler
It is well established that musical training induces sensorimotor plasticity. However, there are remarkable differences in how musicians train for proficient stage performance. The present EEG study outlines for the first time clear-cut neurobiological differences between classical and jazz musicians at high and low levels of action planning, revealing genre-specific cognitive strategies adopted in production. Pianists imitated chord progressions without sound that were manipulated in terms of harmony and context length to assess high-level planning of sequence-structure, and in terms of the manner of playing to assess low-level parameter specification of single acts...
December 22, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276344/does-far-transfer-exist-negative-evidence-from-chess-music-and-working-memory-training
#5
Giovanni Sala, Fernand Gobet
Chess masters and expert musicians appear to be, on average, more intelligent than the general population. Some researchers have thus claimed that playing chess or learning music enhances children's cognitive abilities and academic attainment. We here present two meta-analyses assessing the effect of chess and music instruction on children's cognitive and academic skills. A third meta-analysis evaluated the effects of working memory training-a cognitive skill correlated with music and chess expertise-on the same variables...
December 2017: Current Directions in Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276332/beating-time-how-ensemble-musicians-cueing-gestures-communicate-beat-position-and-tempo
#6
Laura Bishop, Werner Goebl
Ensemble musicians typically exchange visual cues to coordinate piece entrances. "Cueing-in" gestures indicate when to begin playing and at what tempo. This study investigated how timing information is encoded in musicians' cueing-in gestures. Gesture acceleration patterns were expected to indicate beat position, while gesture periodicity, duration, and peak gesture velocity were expected to indicate tempo. Same-instrument ensembles (e.g., piano-piano) were expected to synchronize more successfully than mixed-instrument ensembles (e...
January 2018: Psychology of Music
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274048/a-comparison-of-serial-order-short-term-memory-effects-across-verbal-and-musical-domains
#7
Simon Gorin, Pierre Mengal, Steve Majerus
Recent studies suggest that the mechanisms involved in the short-term retention of serial order information may be shared across short-term memory (STM) domains such as verbal and visuospatial STM. Given the intrinsic sequential organization of musical material, the study of STM for musical information may be particularly informative about serial order retention processes and their domain-generality. The present experiment examined serial order STM for verbal and musical sequences in participants with no advanced musical expertise and experienced musicians...
December 22, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238318/auditory-perceptual-abilities-are-associated-with-specific-auditory-experience
#8
Yael Zaltz, Eitan Globerson, Noam Amir
The extent to which auditory experience can shape general auditory perceptual abilities is still under constant debate. Some studies show that specific auditory expertise may have a general effect on auditory perceptual abilities, while others show a more limited influence, exhibited only in a relatively narrow range associated with the area of expertise. The current study addresses this issue by examining experience-dependent enhancement in perceptual abilities in the auditory domain. Three experiments were performed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231958/medical-issues-in-playing-the-oboe-a-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Sofia Banzhoff, Maria Del Mar Ropero, Gabriele Menzel, Tatjana Salmen, Manfred Gross, Philipp P Caffier
Playing a musical instrument can affect physical and mental health. A literature review was conducted to determine the prevalence of health problems among oboists, which medical conditions can be caused or exacerbated by playing, whether oboe playing can be a protective factor, and whether recommendations are possible as to who should or should not play the oboe. Searches in 7 databases (Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, SocIndex, PsyIndex, Psychinfo) yielded a total of 950 studies; after exclusion of duplicates and those not meeting eligibility criteria, 37 articles were selected for final analysis...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231957/eating-disorders-in-non-dance-performing-artists-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Marianna E Kapsetaki, Charlie Easmon
PURPOSE: Previous literature on dancers and athletes has shown a large impact of eating disorders (EDs) on these individuals, but there is limited research on EDs affecting non-dance performing artists (i.e., musicians, actors, etc.). This systematic review aimed to identify and evaluate the literature on EDs in non-dance performing artists. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed on 24 databases, using search terms related to EDs and non-dance performing artists...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231955/musicians-are-high-consumers-of-complementary-and-alternative-healthcare-services-the-norwegian-musicians-health-project
#11
Jonas Vaag, Ottar Bjerkeset
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the use of analgesic medication and manual and alternative healthcare services among Norwegian musicians compared to the general workforce. METHODS: 1,607 musicians from the Norwegian Musicians' Union answered an online questionnaire about demographic characteristics, use of healthcare services, and use of medication. They were compared to a sample of the Norwegian workforce (n=2,610) from the Norwegian survey of level of living. Based on logistic regression analysis, adjusting for age, sex and education, we compared the self-reported use of different forms of healthcare services and medication in musicians to the general workforce...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231952/musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-finnish-professional-orchestra-musicians
#12
Katriina Viljamaa, Juha Liira, Seppo Kaakkola, Aslak Savolainen
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms is high among professional musicians (73-88%). AIMS: We investigated the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in Finnish symphony orchestra musicians. We compared individual instruments as well as the perceived demands of orchestral programs and difficulties in recovering after performances. METHODS: In this cross-sectional questionnaire 920 of 2,785 members of the Finnish Musicians' Union (33%) completed the questionnaire, including 361 full-time members of symphony orchestras...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230747/-performing-arts-medicine-and-pain-management-in-musicians-in-germany
#13
REVIEW
Elena Romana Gasenzer, Marie Juliane Klumpp, Eberhard Albert Lux, Edmund A Neugebauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213104/musical-imagery-involves-wernicke-s-area-in-bilateral-and-anti-correlated-network-interactions-in-musicians
#14
Yizhen Zhang, Gang Chen, Haiguang Wen, Kun-Han Lu, Zhongming Liu
Musical imagery is the human experience of imagining music without actually hearing it. The neural basis of this mental ability is unclear, especially for musicians capable of engaging in accurate and vivid musical imagery. Here, we created a visualization of an 8-minute symphony as a silent movie and used it as real-time cue for musicians to continuously imagine the music for repeated and synchronized sessions during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). The activations and networks evoked by musical imagery were compared with those elicited by the subjects directly listening to the same music...
December 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211521/jeremy-struck-a-chord-a-public-health-approach-to-professional-musicians
#15
Jason Chertoff, Daniel Urbine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203897/flexible-timing-by-temporal-scaling-of-cortical-responses
#16
Jing Wang, Devika Narain, Eghbal A Hosseini, Mehrdad Jazayeri
Musicians can perform at different tempos, speakers can control the cadence of their speech, and children can flexibly vary their temporal expectations of events. To understand the neural basis of such flexibility, we recorded from the medial frontal cortex of nonhuman primates trained to produce different time intervals with different effectors. Neural responses were heterogeneous, nonlinear, and complex, and they exhibited a remarkable form of temporal invariance: firing rate profiles were temporally scaled to match the produced intervals...
December 4, 2017: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203648/musical-training-sharpens-and-bonds-ears-and-tongue-to-hear-speech-better
#17
Yi Du, Robert J Zatorre
The idea that musical training improves speech perception in challenging listening environments is appealing and of clinical importance, yet the mechanisms of any such musician advantage are not well specified. Here, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we found that musicians outperformed nonmusicians in identifying syllables at varying signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs), which was associated with stronger activation of the left inferior frontal and right auditory regions in musicians compared with nonmusicians...
December 4, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197304/determining-the-end-of-a-musical-turn-effects-of-tonal-cues
#18
Lauren V Hadley, Patrick Sturt, Nikki Moran, Martin J Pickering
Successful duetting requires that musicians coordinate their performance with their partners. In the case of turn-taking in improvised performance they need to be able to predict their partner's turn-end in order to accurately time their own entries. Here we investigate the cues used for accurate turn-end prediction in musical improvisations, focusing on the role of tonal structure. In a response-time task, participants more accurately determined the endings of (tonal) jazz than (non-tonal) free improvisation turns...
November 29, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195451/why-orchestral-musicians-are-bound-to-wear-earplugs-about-the-ineffectiveness-of-physical-measures-to-reduce-sound-exposure
#19
Remy Wenmaekers, Bareld Nicolai, Maarten Hornikx, Armin Kohlrausch
Symphony orchestra musicians are exposed to noise levels that put them at risk of developing hearing damage. This study evaluates the potential effectivity of common control measures used in orchestras on open stages with a typical symphonic setup. A validated acoustic prediction model is used that calculates binaural sound exposure levels at the ears of all musicians in the orchestra. The model calculates the equivalent sound levels for a performance of the first 2 min of the 4th movement of Mahler's 1st symphony, which can be considered representative for loud orchestral music...
November 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195432/dynamic-temporal-behaviour-of-the-keyboard-action-on-the-hammond-organ-and-its-perceptual-significance
#20
Giulio Moro, Andrew P McPherson, Mark B Sandler
The Hammond organ is one of earliest electronic instruments and is still used widely in contemporary popular music. One of its main sonic features is the "key-click," a transient that occurs upon note onset, caused by the mechanical bouncing of the nine electric contacts actuated during each key press. A study of the dynamic mechanical behaviour of the contact bounces is presented, showing that the velocity, the type of touch and, more in general, the temporal evolution of the key position, all affect different characteristics of the contact bounces...
November 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
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