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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737256/insula-based-networks-in-professional-musicians-evidence-for-increased-functional-connectivity-during-resting-state-fmri
#1
Anna M Zamorano, Ignacio Cifre, Pedro Montoya, Inmaculada Riquelme, Boris Kleber
Despite considerable research on experience-dependent neuroplasticity in professional musicians, detailed understanding of an involvement of the insula is only now beginning to emerge. We investigated the effects of musical training on intrinsic insula-based connectivity in professional classical musicians relative to nonmusicians using resting-state functional MRI. Following a tripartite scheme of insula subdivisions, coactivation profiles were analyzed for the posterior, ventral anterior, and dorsal anterior insula in both hemispheres...
July 24, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733769/communication-for-coordination-gesture-kinematics-and-conventionality-affect-synchronization-success-in-piano-duos
#2
Laura Bishop, Werner Goebl
Ensemble musicians often exchange visual cues in the form of body gestures (e.g., rhythmic head nods) to help coordinate piece entrances. These cues must communicate beats clearly, especially if the piece requires interperformer synchronization of the first chord. This study aimed to (1) replicate prior findings suggesting that points of peak acceleration in head gestures communicate beat position and (2) identify the kinematic features of head gestures that encourage successful synchronization. It was expected that increased precision of the alignment between leaders' head gestures and first note onsets, increased gesture smoothness, magnitude, and prototypicality, and increased leader ensemble/conducting experience would improve gesture synchronizability...
July 21, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723602/tinnitus-anxiety-depression-and-substance-abuse-in-rock-musicians-a-norwegian-survey
#3
Carl Christian Lein Stormer, Tore Sorlie, Niels Christian Stenklev
OBJECTIVE: Rock musicians are known to have an increased prevalence of hearing loss and tinnitus. The aims of the present study were to examine the distribution of anxiety and depression symptoms among rock musicians with or without tinnitus and how these mental health indicators and internal locus of control influenced upon their tinnitus symptom concerns and the degree to which the tinnitus affected their lives. DESIGN: The study was a questionnairebased cross-sectional survey of subjects selected from a cohort of rock musicians...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720526/effects-of-musical-expertise-on-oscillatory-brain-activity-in-response-to-emotional-sounds
#4
Sophie Nolden, Simon Rigoulot, Pierre Jolicoeur, Jorge L Armony
Emotions can be conveyed through a variety of channels in the auditory domain, be it via music, non-linguistic vocalizations, or speech prosody. Moreover, recent studies suggest that expertise in one sound category can impact the processing of emotional sounds as they found that musicians process more efficiently emotional musical and vocal sounds than non-musicians. However, the neural correlates of these modulations, especially their time course, are not very well understood. Consequently, we focused here on how the neural processing of emotional information varies as a function of sound category and expertise of participants...
July 15, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712538/lessons-from-the-lives-of-celebrated-musicians-what-armstrong-cash-dylan-ellington-fitzgerald-and-sinatra-can-teach-us-about-creative-resilience-and-aging
#5
Jeffrey M Lyness
For a decade the author has delivered presentations using techniques from the humanities, principally biography, to elucidate themes of creative resilience and aging in the lives of well-known musicians, illustrated with excerpted images, audio clips, and videos. The goal has been to stimulate discussions about the potential for creative growth in later years, even in the face of the professional and personal setbacks inevitable in the course of life, with implications for clinical work with older adults and for ourselves as we age...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710741/eating-disorders-in-musicians-a-survey-investigating-self-reported-eating-disorders-of-musicians
#6
Marianna Evangelia Kapsetaki, Charlie Easmon
PURPOSE: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of eating disorders (EDs) in musicians, and to evaluate their relation to perfectionism, stress, anxiety and depression. METHODS: It examined: (1) the prevalence of EDs using the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), body mass index (BMI) and self-reports, (2) psychological risk factors using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21) and perfectionism inventory and (3) demographic details, information about musical and career development, lifestyle, eating habits and health...
July 14, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701968/perceived-enablers-and-barriers-to-optimal-health-among-music-students-a-qualitative-study-in-the-music-conservatoire-setting
#7
Rosie Perkins, Helen Reid, Liliana S Araújo, Terry Clark, Aaron Williamon
Student health and wellbeing within higher education has been documented as poor in relation to the general population. This is a particular problem among students at music conservatoires, who are studying within a unique educational context that is known to generate both physical and psychological challenges. This article examines how conservatoire students experience health and wellbeing within their institutional context, using a framework from health promotion to focus attention on perceived enablers and barriers to optimal health in relation to three levels: lifestyle, support services, and conservatoire environment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694785/what-about-their-performance-do-free-jazz-improvisers-agree-upon-a-case-study
#8
Amandine Pras, Michael F Schober, Neta Spiro
When musicians improvise freely together-not following any sort of script, predetermined harmonic structure, or "referent"-to what extent do they understand what they are doing in the same way as each other? And to what extent is their understanding privileged relative to outside listeners with similar levels of performing experience in free improvisation? In this exploratory case study, a saxophonist and a pianist of international renown who knew each other's work but who had never performed together before were recorded while improvising freely for 40 min...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693821/synchronizing-midi-and-wireless-eeg-measurements-during-natural-piano-performance
#9
Anna Zamm, Caroline Palmer, Anna-Katharina R Bauer, Martin G Bleichner, Alexander P Demos, Stefan Debener
Although music performance has been widely studied in the behavioural sciences, less work has addressed the underlying neural mechanisms, perhaps due to technical difficulties in acquiring high-quality neural data during tasks requiring natural motion. The advent of wireless electroencephalography (EEG) presents a solution to this problem by allowing for neural measurement with minimal motion artefacts. In the current study, we provide the first validation of a mobile wireless EEG system for capturing the neural dynamics associated with piano performance...
July 7, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692606/occupational-health-and-the-performing-arts-an-introduction
#10
David Hinkamp, Jennie Morton, Donna H Krasnow, Mary Virginia Wilmerding, William J Dawson, Michael G Stewart, Herbert Steven Sims, Jan Potter Reed, Katherine Duvall, Michael McCann
OBJECTIVE: Workplace hazards in the performing arts cause injuries, disabilities, and deaths every year. Occupational health professionals are familiar with most of these hazards and are particularly qualified to contribute to efforts to reduce them. This article reviews current health issues in the performing arts and highlights opportunities for occupational health contributions. METHODS: Recognized experts in performing arts medicine were consulted and articles illustrating performing arts health issues were reviewed...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689214/confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-finnish-job-content-questionnaire-jcq-in-590-professional-musicians
#11
Heidi Vastamäki, Martti Vastamäki, Katri Laimi, Michail Saltychev
BACKGROUND: Poorly functioning work environments may lead to dissatisfaction for the employees and financial loss for the employers. The Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) was designed to measure social and psychological characteristics of work environments. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factor construct of the Finnish 14-item version of JCQ when applied to professional orchestra musicians. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey, the questionnaire was sent by mail to 1550 orchestra musicians and students...
July 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639512/the-relationship-between-nairobi-adolescents-media-use-and-their-sexual-beliefs-and-attitudes
#12
Ann Neville Miller, William Kinnally, Hellen Maleche, Nancy Achieng' Booker
Adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa are at risk for contracting HIV. Although media campaigns have educated the population as a whole, few studies are available about the time sub-Saharan African youth spend listening to and viewing sexual messages via the entertainment and informational media. The goals of this project were: 1) to investigate what programming Nairobi adolescents access; and 2) to investigate the association between frequency of access and level of focus on physical relationships with adolescents' perceptions of descriptive norms of peer sexual behaviour, and their attitudes regarding men as sex driven, women as sex objects, and dating as a sport...
June 22, 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635495/analysis-of-audiometric-notch-as-a-noise-induced-hearing-loss-phenotype-in-us-youth-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2005-2010
#13
Ishan S Bhatt, O'neil Guthrie
OBJECTIVE: Bilateral audiometric notch (BN) at 4000-6000 Hz was identified as a noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) phenotype for genetic association analysis in college-aged musicians. This study analysed BN in a sample of US youth. DESIGN: Prevalence of the BN within the study sample was determined and logistic-regression analyses were performed to identify audiologic and other demographic factors associated with BN. Computer-simulated "flat" audiograms were used to estimate potential influence of false-positive rates in estimating the prevalence of the BN...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599994/vocal-tract-discomfort-and-voice-related-quality-of-life-in-wind-instrumentalists
#14
Juliane Cappellaro, Bárbara Costa Beber
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate vocal tract discomfort and quality of life in the voice of wind instrumentalists. METHOD: It is a cross-sectional study. The sample was composed of 37 musicians of the orchestra of Caxias do Sul city, RS, Brazil. The participants answered a nonstandard questionnaire about demographic and professional information, the Voice-Related Quality of Life (V-RQOL), the Vocal Tract Discomfort (VTD) scale, and additional items about fatigue after playing the instrument and pain in the cervical muscles...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599019/musculoskeletal-problems-in-pianists-and-their-influence-on-professional-activity
#15
María R Ciurana Moñino, Jaume Rosset-Llobet, Luis Cibanal Juan, María D García Manzanares, Juan D Ramos-Pichardo
BACKGROUND: Professional musical performance requires static postures and repetitive movements that may cause musculoskeletal problems in performers. Elite pianists are especially at risk for these disorders, which may cause discomfort but also affect their work. The objective of this study was to describe the most frequent musculoskeletal problems observed in pianists, and to explore the influence of these disorders on their professional activities from the perspective of the pianists themselves...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599017/in-their-own-words-interviews-with-musicians-reveal-the-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-wearing-earplugs
#16
Elizabeth F Beach, Ian O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Musicians are at risk of hearing loss from sound exposure, and earplugs form part of many musicians' hearing conservation practices. Although musicians typically report a range of difficulties when wearing earplugs, there are many who have managed to successfully incorporate earplugs into their practice of music. OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to provide a detailed account of earplug usage from the perspective of the musician, including motivating factors, practical strategies, and attitudes...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599016/comparing-the-impact-of-specific-strength-training-vs-general-fitness-training-on-professional-symphony-orchestra-musicians-a-feasibility-study
#17
Lotte Nygaard Andersen, Stephanie Mann, Birgit Juul-Kristensen, Karen Søgaard
Musculoskeletal symptoms, especially in the upper body, are frequent among professional symphony orchestra musicians. Physical exercise may relieve pain but might also interfere with playing performance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and effect of "specific strength training" (SST) versus "general fitness training" (GFT). METHODS: A feasibility study using randomized controlled methods. Primarily, evaluations involved self-reported impact on instrument playing and satisfaction with the interventions...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599014/effect-of-the-alexander-technique-on-muscle-activation-movement-kinematics-and-performance-quality-in-collegiate-violinists-and-violists-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#18
Rachelle C Wolf, Harvey P Thurmer, William P Berg, Henry E Cook, L James Smart
Musicians are trained to attend to aural and visual senses, to the detriment of kinesthetic awareness, which often results in unnecessary muscle tension and narrowed attentional focus. The Alexander technique (AT) addresses these concerns by approaching action using a process of whole-body consciousness. Incorporation of AT concepts into skill practice may reduce static tension in playing and result in both prevention of injury and improved quality of performance, but objective evidence of these effects is lacking...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599013/thumb-rest-position-and-its-role-in-neuromuscular-control-of-the-clarinet-task
#19
Kathryn E Young, Sara A Winges
Musicians spend long hours of practice and performance to master their instrument. Clarinet players support their roughly 2-lb instrument on the right-hand thumb, which results in cumulative static loading of the arm. This posture in turn can cause discomfort and, in some cases, evolve into debilitating overuse injuries and pain throughout the right upper limb. Altering the thumb-rest position has been proposed as a way to alleviate this discomfort, although no quantitative research has been conducted on this issue...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555556/playing-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-of-professional-orchestra-musicians-from-the-north-of-portugal-comparing-string-and-wind-musicians
#20
Cláudia Maria Sousa, Jorge Pereira Machado, Henry Johannes Greten, Daniela Coimbra
INTRODUCTION: It is well known that musicians are a group prone to suffer from playing-related musculoskeletal disorders. Professional orchestra musicians play for several hours a week and have to fight against pain caused by their profession. The aim of this study was to explore and describe self-reported complaints among professional orchestra musicians and to compare its intensity and the prevalence between string and wind instruments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hundred and twelve professional orchestra musicians from the three main professional orchestras from the North of Portugal were individually interviewed about the prevalence and the intensity (measured by verbal numerical scale for pain) of their playing-related musculoskeletal disorders...
April 28, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
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