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Deubiquitinase

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899971/the-targetable-role-of-herpes-virus-associated-ubiquitin-specific-protease-hausp-in-p190-bcr-abl-leukemia
#1
Giovanna Carrà, Cristina Panuzzo, Sabrina Crivellaro, Deborah Morena, Riccardo Taulli, Angelo Guerrasio, Giuseppe Saglio, Alessandro Morotti
Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph(+)) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is driven by the p190 breakpoint cluster region (BCR)-ABL isoform. Although effectively targeted by BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), ALL is associated with a less effective response to TKIs compared with chronic myeloid leukemia. Therefore, the identification of additional genes required for ALL maintenance may provide possible therapeutic targets to aid the eradication of this cancer. The present study demonstrated that p190 BCR-ABL is able to interact with the deubiquitinase herpesvirus-associated ubiquitin-specific protease (HAUSP), which in turn affects p53 protein stability...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895164/mysm1-dependent-checkpoints-in-b-cell-lineage-differentiation-and-b-cell-mediated-immune-response
#2
Michael Förster, Kyo Farrington, Jessica C Petrov, Jad I Belle, Barbara C Mindt, Mariko Witalis, Claudia U Duerr, Jörg H Fritz, Anastasia Nijnik
MYSM1 is a chromatin-binding histone deubiquitinase. MYSM1 mutations in humans result in lymphopenia whereas loss of Mysm1 in mice causes severe hematopoietic abnormalities, including an early arrest in B cell development. However, it remains unknown whether MYSM1 is required at later checkpoints in B cell development or for B cell-mediated immune responses. We analyzed conditional mouse models Mysm1(fl/fl)Tg.mb1-cre, Mysm1(fl/fl)Tg.CD19-cre, and Mysm1(fl/fl)Tg.CD21-cre with inactivation of Mysm1 at prepro-B, pre-B, and follicular B cell stages of development...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886188/the-deubiquitinase-usp21-maintains-the-stemness-of-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells-via-stabilization-of-nanog
#3
Jiali Jin, Jian Liu, Cong Chen, Zhenping Liu, Cong Jiang, Hongshang Chu, Weijuan Pan, Xinbo Wang, Lingqiang Zhang, Bin Li, Cizhong Jiang, Xin Ge, Xin Xie, Ping Wang
Nanog is a master pluripotency factor of embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Stable expression of Nanog is essential to maintain the stemness of ESCs. However, Nanog is a short-lived protein and quickly degraded by the ubiquitin-dependent proteasome system. Here we report that the deubiquitinase USP21 interacts with, deubiquitinates and stabilizes Nanog, and therefore maintains the protein level of Nanog in mouse ESCs (mESCs). Loss of USP21 results in Nanog degradation, mESCs differentiation and reduces somatic cell reprogramming efficiency...
November 25, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884201/nickel-pyrithione-induces-apoptosis-in-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-cells-resistant-to-imatinib-via-both-bcr-abl-dependent-and-bcr-abl-independent-mechanisms
#4
Xiaoying Lan, Chong Zhao, Xin Chen, Peiquan Zhang, Dan Zang, Jinjie Wu, Jinghong Chen, Huidan Long, Li Yang, Hongbiao Huang, Bing Z Carter, Xuejun Wang, Xianping Shi, Jinbao Liu
BACKGROUND: Acquired imatinib (IM) resistance is frequently characterized by Bcr-Abl mutations that affect IM binding and kinase inhibition in patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Bcr-Abl-T315I mutation is the predominant mechanism of the acquired resistance to IM. Therefore, it is urgent to search for additional approaches and targeting strategies to overcome IM resistance. We recently reported that nickel pyrithione (NiPT) potently inhibits the ubiquitin proteasome system via targeting the 19S proteasome-associated deubiquitinases (UCHL5 and USP14), without effecting on the 20S proteasome...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880911/usp44-is-an-integral-component-of-n-cor-that-contributes-to-gene-repression-by-deubiquitinating-histone-h2b
#5
Xianjiang Lan, Boyko S Atanassov, Wenqian Li, Ying Zhang, Laurence Florens, Ryan D Mohan, Paul J Galardy, Michael P Washburn, Jerry L Workman, Sharon Y R Dent
Decreased expression of the USP44 deubiquitinase has been associated with global increases in H2Bub1 levels during mouse embryonic stem cell (mESC) differentiation. However, whether USP44 directly deubiquitinates histone H2B or how its activity is targeted to chromatin is not known. We identified USP44 as an integral subunit of the nuclear receptor co-repressor (N-CoR) complex. USP44 within N-CoR deubiquitinates H2B in vitro and in vivo, and ablation of USP44 impairs the repressive activity of the N-CoR complex...
November 22, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864334/deubiquitinase-otud6b-isoforms-are-important-regulators-of-growth-and-proliferation
#6
Anna Sobol, Caroline Askonas, Sara Alani, Megan J Weber, Vijayalakshmi Ananthanarayanan, Clodia Osipo, Maurizio Bocchetta
: Deubiquitinases (DUBs) are increasingly linked to the regulation of fundamental processes in normal and cancer cells, including DNA replication and repair, programmed cell death, and oncogenes and tumor suppressors signaling. Here evidence is presented that the deubiquitinase OTUD6B regulates protein synthesis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells, operating downstream from mTORC1. OTUD6B associates with the protein synthesis initiation complex and modifies components of the 48S preinitiation complex...
November 18, 2016: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863226/epop-interacts-with-elongin-bc-and-usp7-to-modulate-the-chromatin-landscape
#7
Robert Liefke, Violetta Karwacki-Neisius, Yang Shi
Gene regulatory networks are pivotal for many biological processes. In mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs), the transcriptional network can be divided into three functionally distinct modules: Polycomb, Core, and Myc. The Polycomb module represses developmental genes, while the Myc module is associated with proliferative functions, and its mis-regulation is linked to cancer development. Here, we show that, in mESCs, the Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2)-associated protein EPOP (Elongin BC and Polycomb Repressive Complex 2-associated protein; a...
November 17, 2016: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857073/usp21-prevents-the-generation-of-t-helper-1-like-treg-cells
#8
Yangyang Li, Yue Lu, Shuaiwei Wang, Zhijun Han, Fuxiang Zhu, Yingmeng Ni, Rui Liang, Yan Zhang, Qibin Leng, Gang Wei, Guochao Shi, Ruihong Zhu, Dan Li, Haikun Wang, Song Guo Zheng, Hongxi Xu, Andy Tsun, Bin Li
FOXP3(+) Regulatory T (Treg) cells play a key role in the maintenance of immune homeostasis and tolerance. Disruption of Foxp3 expression results in the generation of instable Treg cells and acquisition of effector T-cell-like function. Here we report that the E3 deubiquitinase USP21 prevents the depletion of FOXP3 at the protein level and restricts the generation of T-helper-1-like Treg cells. Mice depleted of Usp21 specifically in Treg cells display immune disorders characterized by spontaneous T-cell activation and excessive T-helper type 1 (Th1) skewing of Treg cells into Th1-like Treg cells...
November 18, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855219/the-epstein-barr-virus-immunoevasins-bcrf1-and-bplf1-are-expressed-by-a-mechanism-independent-of-the-canonical-late-pre-initiation-complex
#9
Jessica McKenzie, Francesc Lopez-Giraldez, Henri-Jacques Delecluse, Ann Walsh, Ayman El-Guindy
Subversion of host immune surveillance is a crucial step in viral pathogenesis. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) encodes two immune evasion gene products, BCRF1 (viral IL-10) and BPLF1 (deubiquitinase/deneddylase); both proteins suppress antiviral immune responses during primary infection. The BCRF1 and BPLF1 genes are expressed during the late phase of the lytic cycle, an essential but poorly understood phase of viral gene expression. Several late gene regulators recently identified in beta and gamma herpesviruses form a viral pre-initiation complex for transcription...
November 2016: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851749/the-machado-joseph-disease-deubiquitinase-ataxin-3-regulates-the-stability-and-apoptotic-function-of-p53
#10
Hongmei Liu, Xiaoling Li, Guozhu Ning, Shu Zhu, Xiaolu Ma, Xiuli Liu, Chunying Liu, Min Huang, Ina Schmitt, Ullrich Wüllner, Yamei Niu, Caixia Guo, Qiang Wang, Tie-Shan Tang
As a deubiquitinating enzyme (DUB), the physiological substrates of ataxin-3 (ATX-3) remain elusive, which limits our understanding of its normal cellular function and that of pathogenic mechanism of spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3). Here, we identify p53 to be a novel substrate of ATX-3. ATX-3 binds to native and polyubiquitinated p53 and deubiquitinates and stabilizes p53 by repressing its degradation through the ubiquitin (Ub)-proteasome pathway. ATX-3 deletion destabilizes p53, resulting in deficiency of p53 activity and functions, whereas ectopic expression of ATX-3 induces selective transcription/expression of p53 target genes and promotes p53-dependent apoptosis in both mammalian cells and the central nervous system of zebrafish...
November 2016: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844253/the-role-of-deubiquitinases-in-breast-cancer
#11
Zhenna Xiao, Peijing Zhang, Li Ma
Although growing numbers of oncoproteins and pro-metastatic proteins have been extensively characterized, many of these tumor-promoting proteins are not good drug targets, which represent a major barrier to curing breast cancer and other cancers. There is a need, therefore, for alternative therapeutic approaches to destroying cancer-promoting proteins. The human genome encodes approximately 100 deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs, also called deubiquitinases), which are amenable to pharmacologic inhibition by small molecules...
November 14, 2016: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807841/chemical-synthesis-of-activity-based-diubiquitin-probes
#12
Guorui Li, Libo Yuan, Zhihao Zhuang
Activity-based diubiquitin probes are highly useful in probing the deubiquitinase (DUB) activity and ubiquitin chain linkage specificity. Here we describe a detailed protocol to synthesize a new class of diubiquitin DUB probes. In this method, two ubiquitin moieties are connected through a linker resembling the native linkage in size and containing a Michael acceptor for trapping the DUB active-site cysteine. Detailed procedures for generating the linker molecule are also described.
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807036/the-pleiotropic-deubiquitinase-ubp3-confers-aneuploidy-tolerance
#13
Stacie E Dodgson, Stefano Santaguida, Sharon Kim, Jason Sheltzer, Angelika Amon
Aneuploidy-or an unbalanced karyotype in which whole chromosomes are gained or lost-causes reduced fitness at both the cellular and organismal levels but is also a hallmark of human cancers. Aneuploidy causes a variety of cellular stresses, including genomic instability, proteotoxic and oxidative stresses, and impaired protein trafficking. The deubiquitinase Ubp3, which was identified by a genome-wide screen for gene deletions that impair the fitness of aneuploid yeast, is a key regulator of aneuploid cell homeostasis...
October 15, 2016: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789696/histone-h2b-monoubiquitination-is-a-critical-epigenetic-switch-for-the-regulation-of-autophagy
#14
Su Chen, Yuanya Jing, Xuan Kang, Lu Yang, Da-Liang Wang, Wei Zhang, Lei Zhang, Ping Chen, Jian-Feng Chang, Xiao-Mei Yang, Fang-Lin Sun
Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved cellular process that primarily participates in lysosome-mediated protein degradation. Although autophagy is a cytoplasmic event, how epigenetic pathways are involved in the regulation of autophagy remains incompletely understood. Here, we found that H2B monoubiquitination (H2Bub1) is down-regulated in cells under starvation conditions and that the decrease in H2Bub1 results in the activation of autophagy. We also identified that the deubiquitinase USP44 is responsible for the starvation-induced decrease in H2Bub1...
October 26, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783990/deubiquitinase-usp9x-deubiquitinates-%C3%AE-catenin-and-promotes-high-grade-glioma-cell-growth
#15
Bo Yang, Shiming Zhang, Zhihao Wang, Chunxu Yang, Wen Ouyang, Fuxiang Zhou, Yunfeng Zhou, Conghua Xie
β-catenin is a crucial signal transduction molecule in the Wnt/β-catenin signal pathway, and increased β-catenin expression has consistently been found in high grade gliomas. However, the mechanisms responsible for β-catenin overexpression have remained elusive. Here we show that the deubiquitinase USP9X stabilizes β-catenin and thereby promotes high grade glioma cell growth. USP9X binds β-catenin and removes the Lys 48-linked polyubiquitin chains that normally mark β-catenin for proteasomal degradation...
October 22, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776223/the-substrate-binding-domains-of-human-siah-e3-ubiquitin-ligases-are-now-crystal-clear
#16
Qi Zhang, Zhongduo Wang, Feng Hou, Rachel Harding, Xinyi Huang, Aiping Dong, John R Walker, Yufeng Tong
BACKGROUND: Seven in absentia homologs (SIAHs) comprise a family of highly conserved E3 ubiquitin ligases that play an important role in regulating signalling pathways in tumorigenesis, including the DNA damage repair and hypoxia response pathways. SIAH1 and SIAH2 have been found to function as a tumour repressor and a proto-oncogene, respectively, despite the high sequence identity of their substrate binding domains (SBDs). Ubiquitin-specific protease USP19 is a deubiquitinase that forms a complex with SIAHs and counteracts the ligase function...
October 21, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769071/the-deubiquitinase-usp54-is-overexpressed-in-colorectal-cancer-stem-cells-and-promotes-intestinal-tumorigenesis
#17
Julia M Fraile, Diana Campos-Iglesias, Francisco Rodríguez, Yaiza Español, José M P Freije
Ubiquitin-Specific Proteases (USPs) are deubiquitinating enzymes frequently deregulated in human malignancies. Here, we show that USP54 is overexpressed in intestinal stem cells and demonstrate that its downregulation in colorectal carcinoma cells impedes tumorigenesis. We have generated mutant mice deficient for this deubiquitinase, which are viable and fertile, and protected against chemically-induced colorectal carcinoma. Furthermore, we show that USP54 is upregulated in human colon cancer and associates with poor prognosis...
October 19, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768832/articular-cartilage-injury-rapidly-activates-tak1-in-chondrocytes-by-inducing-its-phosphorylation-and-k63-polyubiquitination
#18
Heba M Ismail, Athanasios Didangelos, Tonia L Vincent, Jeremy Saklatvala
Objectives Mechanical injury to cartilage predisposes to osteoarthritis (OA). Wounding the articular cartilage surface causes rapid activation of MAP kinases and NFκB mimicking the response to inflammatory cytokines. Here, we identify the upstream signalling mechanisms involved. Methods Cartilage was injured by dissecting it from the articular surface of porcine metacarpophalangeal joints (MCP) or by avulsing murine proximal femoral epiphyses. Protein phosphorylation was assayed by Western blotting of cartilage lysates...
October 21, 2016: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746045/regulation-of-smoothened-trafficking-and-hedgehog-signaling-by-the-sumo-pathway
#19
Guoqiang Ma, Shuang Li, Yuhong Han, Shuangxi Li, Tao Yue, Bing Wang, Jin Jiang
Hedgehog (Hh) signaling plays a central role in development and diseases. Hh activates its signal transducer and GPCR-family protein Smoothened (Smo) by inducing Smo phosphorylation, but whether Smo is activated through other post-translational modifications remains unexplored. Here we show that sumoylation acts in parallel with phosphorylation to promote Smo cell-surface expression and Hh signaling. We find that Hh stimulates Smo sumoylation by dissociating it from a desumoylation enzyme Ulp1. Sumoylation of Smo in turn recruits a deubiquitinase UBPY/USP8 to antagonize Smo ubiquitination and degradation, leading to its cell-surface accumulation and elevated Hh pathway activity...
November 21, 2016: Developmental Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732584/molecular-basis-of-lys11-polyubiquitin-specificity-in-the-deubiquitinase-cezanne
#20
Tycho E T Mevissen, Yogesh Kulathu, Monique P C Mulder, Paul P Geurink, Sarah L Maslen, Malte Gersch, Paul R Elliott, John E Burke, Bianca D M van Tol, Masato Akutsu, Farid El Oualid, Masato Kawasaki, Stefan M V Freund, Huib Ovaa, David Komander
The post-translational modification of proteins with polyubiquitin regulates virtually all aspects of cell biology. Eight distinct chain linkage types co-exist in polyubiquitin and are independently regulated in cells. This 'ubiquitin code' determines the fate of the modified protein. Deubiquitinating enzymes of the ovarian tumour (OTU) family regulate cellular signalling by targeting distinct linkage types within polyubiquitin, and understanding their mechanisms of linkage specificity gives fundamental insights into the ubiquitin system...
October 12, 2016: Nature
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