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Rehabilitation myocardial infarction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022262/myocardial-infarction-and-exercise-training-evidence-from-basic-science
#1
Ivana C Moraes-Silva, Bruno Rodrigues, Hélio J Coelho-Junior, Daniele Jardim Feriani, Maria-Claudia Irigoyen
In 2016, cardiovascular disease remains the first cause of mortality worldwide [1]. Coronary artery disease, which is the most important precursor of myocardial infarction (MI), is the main component of total cardiovascular mortality, being responsible for approximately seven million of deaths [1]. In approximately 20% of infarcted patients, MI is recurrent in the first year after the event [2]. Moreover, among cardiovascular disease, coronary artery disease accounts for the most increased index of life years lost due to morbidity and/or mortality [1]...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021270/benefits-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#2
Manuel F Jiménez-Navarro, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, Luis M Pérez-Belmonte, Ryan J Lennon, Carlos Diaz-Melean, J P Rodriguez-Escudero, Kashish Goel, Daniel Crusan, Abhiram Prasad, Ray W Squires, Randal J Thomas
BACKGROUND: Participation in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is an essential component of care for patients with coronary artery disease. However, little is known about its benefit on cardiovascular outcomes in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) who have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention. The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of CR in this high-risk group of patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients with DM who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention in Olmsted County (Minnesota) between 1994 and 2010, assessing the impact of CR participation on clinical outcomes...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021268/tai-chi-is-a-promising-exercise-option-for-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-declining-cardiac-rehabilitation
#3
Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Peter M Wayne, Shira Dunsiger, Julie Krol, Christopher Breault, Beth C Bock, Wen-Chih Wu, Gloria Y Yeh
BACKGROUND: More than 60% of patients decline participation in cardiac rehabilitation after a myocardial infarction. Options to improve physical activity (PA) and other risk factors in these high-risk individuals are limited. We conducted a phase 2 randomized controlled trial to determine feasibility, safety, acceptability, and estimates of effect of tai chi on PA, fitness, weight, and quality of life. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with coronary heart disease declining cardiac rehabilitation enrollment were randomized to a "LITE" (2 sessions/week for 12 weeks) or to a "PLUS" (3 sessions/week for 12 weeks, then maintenance classes for 12 additional weeks) condition...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021267/association-of-neighborhood-socioeconomic-context-with-participation-in-cardiac-rehabilitation
#4
Justin M Bachmann, Shi Huang, Deepak K Gupta, Loren Lipworth, Michael T Mumma, William J Blot, Elvis A Akwo, Sunil Kripalani, Mary A Whooley, Thomas J Wang, Matthew S Freiberg
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is underutilized in the United States, with fewer than 20% of eligible patients participating in CR programs. Individual socioeconomic status is associated with CR utilization, but data regarding neighborhood characteristics and CR are sparse. We investigated the association of neighborhood socioeconomic context with CR participation in the SCCS (Southern Community Cohort Study). METHODS AND RESULTS: The SCCS is a prospective cohort study of 84 569 adults in the southeastern United States from 2002 to 2009, 52 117 of whom have Medicare or Medicaid claims...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019280/social-inequality-and-barriers-to-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-the-rehab-north-register
#5
Christina Boesgaard Graversen, Regina Eichhorst, Lisbeth Ravn, Susanne Svane Riis Christiansen, Martin Berg Johansen, Mogens Lytken Larsen
AIM: Barriers to participation in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) may occur at three levels of the referral process (lack of information, declining to participate, and referral to appropriate CR programme). The aim is to analyse the impact of socioeconomic status on barriers to CR and investigate whether such barriers influenced the choice of referral. METHODS: The Rehab-North Register, a cross-sectional study, enrolled 5455 patients hospitalised at Aalborg University Hospital with myocardial infarction (MI) during 2011-2014...
October 11, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953006/cardiac-auscultation-for-noncardiologists-application-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-programs-part-i-patients-after-acute-coronary-syndromes-and-heart-failure
#6
Leonida Compostella, Caterina Compostella, Nicola Russo, Tiziana Setzu, Sabino Iliceto, Fabio Bellotto
During outpatient cardiac rehabilitation after an acute coronary syndrome or after an episode of congestive heart failure, a careful, periodic evaluation of patients' clinical and hemodynamic status is essential. Simple and traditional cardiac auscultation could play a role in providing useful prognostic information.Reduced intensity of the first heart sound (S1), especially when associated with prolonged apical impulse and the appearance of added sounds, may help identify left ventricular (LV) dysfunction or conduction disturbances, sometimes associated with transient myocardial ischemia...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917025/cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-who-underwent-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-acute-myocardial-infarction-determinants-of-programme-participation-and-completion
#7
M Sunamura, N Ter Hoeve, M L Geleijnse, R V Steenaard, H J G van den Berg-Emons, H Boersma, R T van Domburg
BACKGROUND: Hospital length of stay after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) has reduced, resulting in more limited patient education during admission. Therefore, systematic participation in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) has become more essential. We aimed to identify patient-related factors that are associated with participation in and completion of a CR programme. METHODS: We identified 3,871 consecutive AMI patients who underwent pPCI between 2003 and 2011...
September 15, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885278/short-and-longer-term-association-between-body-mass-index-and-health-status-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-patients
#8
Kimberley Pieters, Angela Spronk, Madoka Sunamura, Karolijn Dulfer, Nienke Ter Hoeve, Elisabeth M W J Utens, Ron T van Domburg
PURPOSE: The association between body mass index (BMI) and subjective health status before and after cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and 1 year later was compared in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) who did (CR group) and did not receive CR (no-CR group). The aim was to investigate the association between BMI and subjective health status based on the Short Form-12 questionnaire. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2011, 242 patients with pPCI with an acute myocardial infarction completed a CR program and were compared with 115 patients in the no-CR group...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875970/-evaluation-of-selected-vascular-active-factors-in-patients-after-myocardial-infarction-subjected-to-cardiac-rehabilitation
#9
Joanna Kapusta, Anna Mejer-Barczewska, Edward Kowalczyk, Robert Irzmański, Jan Kowalski
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory process that develops in the coronary arteries. Clinically active agents such as proinflammatory interleukins, TNF-α, tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (including TIMP-1), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), are important factors in the development of acute coronary syndromes. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of cardiac rehabilitation (stage II) on the concentration of selected vascular active factors (IL- 1, IL-6, TIMP-1, VEGF)...
August 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875096/narrow-complex-ventricular-tachycardia
#10
Murtaza Sundhu, Mehmet Yildiz, Sajjad Gul, Mubbasher Syed, Idrees Azher, Robert Mosteller
Myocardial infarctions are frequently complicated by tachyarrhythmias, which commonly have wide QRS complexes (QRS duration > 120 milliseconds). Many published criteria exist to help differentiate between ventricular and supraventricular mechanisms. We present a case of a 61-year-old male with a history of hypertension, hyperlipidemia and coronary artery disease with prior stenting of the right coronary artery (RCA). He had been noncompliant with his antiplatelet medication and presented with cardiac arrest secondary to in-stent thrombosis...
July 4, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844588/a-review-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-delivery-around-the-world
#11
REVIEW
Ella Pesah, Marta Supervia, Karam Turk-Adawi, Sherry L Grace
Herein, 28 publications describing cardiac rehabilitation (CR) delivery in 50 of the 113 countries globally suspected to deliver it are reviewed, to characterize the nature of services. Government funding was the main source of CR reimbursement in most countries (73%), with private and patient funding in about ¼ of cases. Myocardial infarction patients and those having revascularization were commonly served. The main professions delivering CR were physicians, nurses, and physiotherapists. Programs offered a median of 20 sessions, although this varied...
August 24, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840587/study-design-and-rationale-for-biomedical-shirt-based-electrocardiography-monitoring-in-relevant-clinical-situations-ecg-shirt-study
#12
Paweł Balsam, Piotr Lodziński, Agata Tymińska, Krzysztof Ozierański, Łukasz Januszkiewicz, Renata Główczyńska, Katarzyna Wesołowska, Michał Peller, Radosław Pietrzak, Tomasz Książczyk, Sonia Borodzicz, Łukasz Kołtowski, Mariusz Borkowski, Bożena Werner, Grzegorz Opolski, Marcin Grabowski
BACKGROUND: Today, the main challenge for researchers is to develop new technologies which may help to improve the diagnoses of cardiovascular disease (CVD), thereby reducing healthcare costs and improving the quality of life for patients. This study aims to show the utility of biomedical shirt-based electrocardiography (ECG) monitoring of patients with CVD in different clinical situations using the Nuubo® ECG (nECG) system. METHODS: An investigator-initiated, multicentre, prospective observational study was carried out in a cardiology (adult and paediatric) and cardiac rehabilitation wards ...
August 25, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837549/use-of-outpatient-cardiac-rehabilitation-among-heart-attack-survivors-20-states-and-the-district-of-columbia-2013-and-four-states-2015
#13
Jing Fang, Carma Ayala, Cecily Luncheon, Matthew Ritchey, Fleetwood Loustalot
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States (1). Each year, approximately 790,000 adults have a myocardial infarction (heart attack), including 210,000 that are recurrent heart attacks (2). Cardiac rehabilitation (rehab) includes exercise counseling and training, education for heart-healthy living, and counseling to reduce stress. Cardiac rehab provides patients with education regarding the causes of heart attacks and tools to initiate positive behavior change, and extends patients' medical management after a heart attack to prevent future negative sequelae (3)...
August 25, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801383/long-term-outcomes-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-countries-with-different-socioeconomic-environments-an-international-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Judith Kämpfer, Andriy Yagensky, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Stephan Windecker, Bernhard Meier, Mykhailo Pavelko, Iryna Sichkaruk, Piotr Kasprzyk, Marzin Gruchala, Mikael Giacomini, Lukas Räber, Hugo Saner
BACKGROUND: Hospital-based data on the impact of socioeconomic environment on long-term survival after myocardial infarction (MI) are lacking. We compared outcome and quality of secondary prevention in patients after MI living in three different socioeconomic environments including patients from three tertiary-care teaching hospitals with similar service population size in Switzerland, Poland and Ukraine. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of patients with a first MI in three different tertiary-care teaching hospitals in Bern (Switzerland), Gdansk (Poland) and Lutsk (Ukraine) during the acute phase in the year 2010 and follow-up of these patients with a questionnaire and, if necessary, telephone interviews 3...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760215/interventions-supporting-long-term-adherence-and-decreasing-cardiovascular-events-island-pragmatic-randomized-trial-protocol
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Noah Ivers, J-D Schwalm, Holly O Witteman, Justin Presseau, Monica Taljaard, Tara McCready, Beth Bosiak, Jennifer Cunningham, Shelley Smarz, Laura Desveaux, Jack V Tu, Clare Atzema, Garth Oakes, Wanrudee Isaranuwatchai, Sherry L Grace, R Sacha Bhatia, Madhu Natarajan, Jeremy M Grimshaw
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend cardiac rehabilitation and long-term use of cardiac medications for most patients who have had a myocardial infarction (MI), but adherence to these secondary prevention treatments is suboptimal. METHODS: This is a multicenter, pragmatic, 3-arm randomized trial. Eligible patients (n = 2,742) with obstructive coronary artery disease are randomized post-MI to usual care or 1 of 2 intervention arms. Patients in the first intervention arm receive mail-outs sent on behalf of their cardiologist at 4, 8, 20, 32, and 44 weeks post-MI; content is designed to address determinants of adherence and facilitate discussion between the patient and their health care team...
August 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671935/validation-of-the-english-version-of-the-heartqol-health-related-quality-of-life-questionnaire-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#16
Neil Oldridge, Chris Cho, Randal Thomas, Murray Low, Stefan Höfer
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to validate the English version of the HeartQoL health-related quality of life questionnaire for use in patients with angina or myocardial infarction. METHODS: Patients living in the United States and referred, either for percutaneous coronary intervention or to cardiac rehabilitation, completed the HeartQoL, the Short Form-36 Health Survey, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale at baseline and 3-months later. The data were analyzed for validity, reliability, and responsiveness...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671934/older-adult-attendance-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-impact-of-functional-status-and-postacute-care-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-63-092-medicare-beneficiaries
#17
Melissa D Zullo, Mary A Dolansky, Richard A Josephson, Vinay K Cheruvu
PURPOSE: Older adults who use postacute care (PAC) after hospitalization for myocardial infarction (MI) are often overlooked as cardiac rehabilitation (CR) candidates because of physical limitations. This research describes the impact of functional status and PAC, including inpatient rehabilitation facility (IRF), skilled nursing facility (SNF), or home health care (HHC), on CR initiation in Medicare beneficiaries discharged from the hospital following an index MI. METHODS: The Chronic Condition Warehouse database of Medicare beneficiaries discharged to PAC following index MI in 2008 (n = 63 092) was used for this retrospective study...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665511/home-based-versus-centre-based-cardiac-rehabilitation
#18
REVIEW
Lindsey Anderson, Georgina A Sharp, Rebecca J Norton, Hasnain Dalal, Sarah G Dean, Kate Jolly, Aynsley Cowie, Anna Zawada, Rod S Taylor
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of death globally. Traditionally, centre-based cardiac rehabilitation programmes are offered to individuals after cardiac events to aid recovery and prevent further cardiac illness. Home-based cardiac rehabilitation programmes have been introduced in an attempt to widen access and participation. This is an update of a review previously published in 2009 and 2015. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of home-based and supervised centre-based cardiac rehabilitation on mortality and morbidity, exercise-capacity, health-related quality of life, and modifiable cardiac risk factors in patients with heart disease...
June 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664773/the-role-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-secondary-prevention-after-coronary-events
#19
Kari Peersen, John Munkhaugen, Lars Gullestad, Toril Liodden, Torbjorn Moum, Toril Dammen, Joep Perk, Jan E Otterstad
Background Coronary risk factor control in Europe is suboptimal and there are large variations in the nature of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes offered to coronary heart disease patients. We aim to explore characteristics and risk factor control in patients recruited from two neighbouring hospitals offering CR with different content. Methods In a cross-sectional study, 1127 Norwegian patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction and/or a revascularization procedure attended a clinical visit and completed a questionnaire at 2-36 months' follow-up...
September 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658719/patient-education-in-the-management-of-coronary-heart-disease
#20
REVIEW
Lindsey Anderson, James Pr Brown, Alexander M Clark, Hasnain Dalal, Henriette K Rossau, Charlene Bridges, Rod S Taylor
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the single most common cause of death globally. However, with falling CHD mortality rates, an increasing number of people live with CHD and may need support to manage their symptoms and improve prognosis. Cardiac rehabilitation is a complex multifaceted intervention which aims to improve the health outcomes of people with CHD. Cardiac rehabilitation consists of three core modalities: education, exercise training and psychological support. This is an update of a Cochrane systematic review previously published in 2011, which aims to investigate the specific impact of the educational component of cardiac rehabilitation...
June 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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