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Dry needling for chronic pain

Rodrigo Núñez-Cortés, Carlos Cruz-Montecinos, Álvaro Vásquez-Rosel, Orlando Paredes-Molina, Antonio Cuesta-Vargas
Study Design Case series. Background This case series describes a combined program of dry needling and therapeutic exercise in a small group of patients with persistent pain following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Case Description Fourteen patients who underwent TKA had persistent postsurgical pain and myofascial trigger points that were nonresponsive to treatment with conventional physical therapy and/or medication. The patients received a weekly dry needling treatment in combination with therapeutic exercises for 4 weeks...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Jacqueline V Aredo, Katrina J Heyrana, Barbara I Karp, Jay P Shah, Pamela Stratton
Chronic pelvic pain is a frustrating symptom for patients with endometriosis and is frequently refractory to hormonal and surgical management. While these therapies target ectopic endometrial lesions, they do not directly address pain due to central sensitization of the nervous system and myofascial dysfunction, which can continue to generate pain from myofascial trigger points even after traditional treatments are optimized. This article provides a background for understanding how endometriosis facilitates remodeling of neural networks, contributing to sensitization and generation of myofascial trigger points...
January 2017: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine
Alexandra K Callan, Jennifer M Bauer, Jeffrey E Martus
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture can be used to manage chronic pain. The most common complications related to acupuncture include pain, bruising, bleeding, or symptom exacerbation. Rarely, more serious adverse events occur, including infection, pneumothorax, septic arthritis, and peripheral nerve injury. To our knowledge, there are no reports of complications associated with acupuncture following spinal instrumentation. PURPOSE: To report a case of deep infection as a rare complication of acupuncture following posterior spinal fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis...
March 2016: Spine Deformity
Bina Eftekharsadat, Arash Babaei-Ghazani, Vahideh Zeinolabedinzadeh
BACKGROUND: This study examined the effects of dry needling on chronic heel pain due to plantar fasciitis. METHODS: During this single-blinded clinical trial, 20 eligible patients were randomized into two groups: A case group treated with dry needling and a control group. Patients' plantar pain severity, (using modified visual analog scale [VAS] scoring system), range of motion of ankle joint in dorsiflexion [ROMDF] and plantar extension[ROMPE] and foot function index (using standard questionnaires of SEM5 and MDC7) were assessed at baseline, four weeks after intervention and four weeks after withdrawing treatment...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Ester Cerezo-Téllez, María Torres-Lacomba, Isabel Fuentes-Gallardo, Milagros Perez-Muñoz, Orlando Mayoral-Del-Moral, Enrique Lluch-Girbés, Luis Prieto-Valiente, Deborah Falla
Chronic neck pain attributed to a myofascial pain syndrome is characterized by the presence of muscle contractures referred to as myofascial trigger points. In this randomized, parallel-group, blinded, controlled clinical trial, we examined the effectiveness of deep dry needling (DDN) of myofascial trigger points in people with chronic nonspecific neck pain. The study was conducted at a public Primary Health Care Centre in Madrid, Spain, from January 2010 to December 2014. A total of 130 participants with nonspecific neck pain presenting with active myofascial trigger points in their cervical muscles were included...
September 2016: Pain
Rachel Patrick, Josh McGinty, Ann Lucado, Beth Collier
BACKGROUND: Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) tears and associated Tommy Johns surgical intervention from excessive and poor quality pitching has increased immensely-with more college and professional pitchers undergoing the surgery in 2014 alone than in the 1990s as a whole.(1) Faulty mechanics developed at young ages are often well-engrained by the late adolescent years and the minimal healing ability of the largely avascular UCL often leads to delayed safe return to sport.(2). PURPOSE: The purpose of this case study was to describe an innovative, multimodal approach to conservative management of a chronic UCL injury in a college-aged baseball pitcher...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Jose V León-Hernández, Aitor Martín-Pintado-Zugasti, Laura G Frutos, Isabel M Alguacil-Diego, Ana I de la Llave-Rincón, Josue Fernandez-Carnero
Background: Dry needling (DN) and percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (PENS) are widely used techniques in the treatment of myofascial pain. Objective: To investigate the immediate and short-term effects of the combination of DN and PENS compared to DN alone on the upper trapezius muscle. Method: This is a 72-hour follow-up single-blinded randomized controlled trial. Sixty-two volunteer patients with chronic myofascial neck pain with active Myofascial Trigger Points (MTrPs) in the upper trapezius muscle were recruited...
July 11, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Lynn H Gerber, Siddhartha Sikdar, Jacqueline V Aredo, Katee Armstrong, William F Rosenberger, Hui Shao, Jay P Shah
BACKGROUND: Dry needling is an effective treatment for reducing pain associated with active myofascial trigger points (a-MTrPs) in the short term. The duration of the benefits of this treatment have not been fully assessed. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the benefits of dry needling (DN) of a-MTrPs are sustained 6 weeks posttreatment. DESIGN: Follow-up of a prospective study. SETTING: University. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 45 patients (13 male and 32 female) with cervical pain >3 months and a-MTrPs in the upper trapezius who completed 3 DN treatments and who were evaluated 6 weeks posttreatment...
February 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Estee Saylor-Pavkovich
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Rotator cuff tendinopathy (RTCT) is regularly treated by the physical therapist. Multiple etiologies for RTCT exist, leading an individual to seek treatment from their provider of choice. Strengthening exercises (SE) have been reported to be effective in the treatment of RTCT, but there is limited evidence on the effectiveness of dry needing (DN) for this condition. The purpose of this retrospective case series was to investigate DN to various non-trigger point-based anatomical locations coupled with strengthening exercises (SE) as a treatment strategy to decrease pain and increase function in healthy patients with chronic RTC pathology...
June 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Richard M Guthrie, Rita Chorba
PURPOSE: Chronic mechanical neck pain can have a complex clinical presentation and is often difficult to treat. This case study illustrates a successful physical therapy treatment approach using dry needling and auricular acupuncture techniques. CASE REPORT: A 51-year-old active-duty, male US Marine was treated by a physical therapist in a direct-access military clinic for chronic neck pain poorly responsive to previous physical therapy, pharmacologic, and surgical interventions...
2016: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Irene Campa-Moran, Etelvina Rey-Gudin, Josué Fernández-Carnero, Alba Paris-Alemany, Alfonso Gil-Martinez, Sergio Lerma Lara, Almudena Prieto-Baquero, José Luis Alonso-Perez, Roy La Touche
Objective. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of three interventions for the treatment of myofascial chronic neck pain. Methods. Thirty-six patients were randomly assigned to one of three intervention groups: orthopedic manual therapy (OMT), dry needling and stretching (DN-S), and soft tissue techniques (STT). All groups received two treatment sessions with a 48 h time interval. Outcome measures included neck pain intensity measured using a visual analogue scale, cervical range of motion (ROM), pressure pain threshold for measuring mechanical hyperalgesia, and two self-reported questionnaires (neck disability index and pain catastrophizing scale)...
2015: Pain Research and Treatment
Diego Turo, Paul Otto, Murad Hossain, Tadesse Gebreab, Katherine Armstrong, William F Rosenberger, Hui Shao, Jay P Shah, Lynn H Gerber, Siddhartha Sikdar
OBJECTIVES: To compare a mechanical heterogeneity index derived from ultrasound vibration elastography with physical findings before and after dry-needling treatment of spontaneously painful active myofascial trigger points in the upper trapezius muscle. METHODS: Forty-eight patients with chronic myofascial pain enrolled in a prospective interventional trial of 3 weekly dry-needling treatments for active myofascial trigger points. Trigger points were evaluated at baseline and at treatment completion using palpation, the pressure-pain threshold, and the mechanical heterogeneity index...
December 2015: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Ron Pavkovich
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Chronic lateral hip and thigh pain is regularly treated by the physical therapist. Many issues can cause pain in this region, and trigger points may contribute to pain. Dry Needling (DN) is an intervention used by physical therapists where a monofilament needle is inserted into soft tissue to reduce pain thereby facilitating return to prior level of function. The purpose of this case series is to report the outcomes of DN and conventional physical therapy as a treatment intervention for subjects with chronic lateral hip and thigh pain...
August 2015: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Carmelo Messina, Giuseppe Banfi, Davide Orlandi, Francesca Lacelli, Giovanni Serafini, Giovanni Mauri, Francesco Secchi, Enzo Silvestri, Luca Maria Sconfienza
Ultrasound is an established modality for shoulder evaluation, being accurate, low cost and radiation free. Different pathological conditions can be diagnosed using ultrasound and can be treated using ultrasound guidance, such as degenerative, traumatic or inflammatory diseases. Subacromial-subdeltoid bursitis is the most common finding on ultrasound evaluation for painful shoulder. Therapeutic injections of corticosteroids are helpful to reduce inflammation and pain. Calcific tendinopathy of rotator cuff affects up to 20% of painful shoulders...
2016: British Journal of Radiology
Elżbieta Skorupska, Michał Rychlik, Włodzimierz Samborski
The aim of this study was to assess the validity and test-retest reliability of Thermovision Technique of Dry Needling (TTDN) for the gluteus minimus muscle. TTDN is a new thermography approach used to support trigger points (TrPs) diagnostic criteria by presence of short-term vasomotor reactions occurring in the area where TrPs refer pain. Method. Thirty chronic sciatica patients (n=15 TrP-positive and n=15 TrPs-negative) and 15 healthy volunteers were evaluated by TTDN three times during two consecutive days based on TrPs of the gluteus minimus muscle confirmed additionally by referred pain presence...
2015: BioMed Research International
Mario Téllez-García, Ana I de-la-Llave-Rincón, Jaime Salom-Moreno, Maria Palacios-Ceña, Ricardo Ortega-Santiago, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas
The objective of the current study was to determine the short-term effects of trigger point dry needling (TrP-DN) alone or combined with neuroscience education on pain, disability, kinesiophobia and widespread pressure sensitivity in patients with mechanical low back pain (LBP). Twelve patients with LBP were randomly assigned to receive either TrP-DN (TrP-DN) or TrP-DN plus neuroscience education (TrP-DN + EDU). Pain intensity (Numerical Pain Rating Scale, 0-10), disability (Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire-RMQ-, Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Index-ODI), kinesiophobia (Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia-TSK), and pressure pain thresholds (PPT) over the C5-C6 zygapophyseal joint, transverse process of L3 vertebra, second metacarpal, and tibialis anterior muscle were collected at baseline and 1-week after the intervention...
July 2015: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Anthony J Lisi, Paula Breuer, Rollin M Gallagher, Eric Rodriguez, Michelle I Rossi, Kenneth Schmader, Joel D Scholten, Debra K Weiner
OBJECTIVE: To present an algorithm of sequential treatment options for managing myofascial pain (MP) in older adults, along with a representative clinical case. METHODS: A modified Delphi process was used to synthesize evidence-based recommendations. A multidisciplinary expert panel developed the algorithm, which was subsequently refined through an iterative process of input from a primary care physician panel. RESULTS: We present an algorithm and supportive materials to help guide the care of older adults with MP, an important contributor to chronic low back pain (CLBP)...
July 2015: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Jaime Salom-Moreno, Blanca Ayuso-Casado, Beatriz Tamaral-Costa, Zacarías Sánchez-Milá, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Francisco Alburquerque-Sendín
Objective. To compare the effects of combined trigger point dry needling (TrP-DN) and proprioceptive/strengthening exercises to proprioceptive/strengthening exercises on pain and function in ankle instability. Methods. Twenty-seven (44% female, mean age: 33 ± 3 years) individuals with unilateral ankle instability were randomly assigned to an experimental group who received proprioceptive/strengthening exercises combined with TrP-DN into the lateral peroneus muscle and a comparison group receiving the same proprioceptive/strengthening exercise program alone...
2015: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Ron Pavkovich
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Lateral thigh pain, commonly referred to as greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) and/ or iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS) is commonly treated by the physical therapist. Lateral thigh pain is commonly treated by the physical therapist. The sources of lateral thigh pain are commonly attributed to GTPS and/ or ITBS though various pathologies may contribute to this pain, of which trigger points (TrPs) may be an etiology. Dry needling (DN) is an intervention utilized by physical therapists where a monofilament needle is inserted into soft tissue in order to reduce pain to improve range of motion/ motor control dysfunction...
April 2015: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Elżbieta Skorupska, Michał Rychlik, Wiktoria Pawelec, Włodzimierz Samborski
Vasomotor responses to dry needling (DN) of trigger points (TrPs) under infrared thermovision (IRT) camera control and TrPs coexistence in chronic sciatica patients have never been studied. Materials and Methods. Fifty consecutive chronic sciatica patients were enrolled in the study. DN under IRT control was performed for all patients regardless of gluteus minimus (GM) active TrPs examination. Then, the vasomotor response and its agreement with TrPs examination were evaluated. Results. The prevalence of GM active TrPs was 32%...
2015: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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