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Tibia plateau

Andrew S Wilmot, Alexander T Ruutiainen, Prashant T Bakhru, Mark E Schweitzer, Nogah Shabshin
OBJECTIVE: Primary: to describe the presence and pattern of soft tissue edema in subchondral insufficiency fractures of the knee (SIFK). Secondary: to investigate the gender distribution and identify factors associated with disease progression. METHODS: MR images of 74 SIFKs in 74 patients were retrospectively reviewed for soft tissue edema presence and location, meniscal tears and extrusion and synovitis. The clinical records were reviewed for age, gender, and BMI...
November 2016: European Journal of Radiology
Young Gon Na, Moon Jong Chang, Sang Hwa Eom, Seok Jin Kim, Seong Cheol Park, Tae Kyun Kim
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine whether coronal alignment measured on the single-limb stance (SLS) radiographs differs from those on the double-limb stance (DLS) images. We also investigated whether the size of such differences was affected by the knee pathology, lower limb alignment, and geometry of the tibia or femur. METHODS: We measured coronal alignment with mechanical tibiofemoral angle (MTFA) on the DLS and SLS radiographs in patients with posterolateral rotatory instability (PLRI, 30 knees), osteoarthritis (OA) with varus deformity who were scheduled for high tibial osteotomy (HTO) (60 knees), and in normal control (60 knees)...
September 28, 2016: Knee
Vincenzo Giordano, Joseph Schatzker, Mauricio Kfuri
High-energy fractures of the proximal tibia with extensive fragmentation of the posterior rim of the tibial plateau are challenging. This technique aims to describe a method on how to embrace the posterior rim of the tibial plateau by placing a horizontal precontoured one-third tubular plate wrapped around its corners. This method, which we named "hoop plating," is mainly indicated for cases of crushed juxta-articular rim fractures, aiming to restore cortical containment of the tibial plateau. Through a lateral approach with a fibular head osteotomy (Lobenhoffer approach), both anterolateral and posterolateral fragments are directly reduced and supported by a one-third tubular plate of adequate length...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
Ismail Turkmen, Yavuz Saglam, Fatih Turkmensoy, Bahattin Kemah, Adnan Kara, Koray Unay
PURPOSE: Anterior knee pain (AKP) is one of the most common complications after tibia intramedullary surgery. We evaluated changes in patellar tendon length after tibia intramedullary nailing surgery using a transtendinous approach and assessed the importance of nail position in relation to the anterior tibial cortex and joint line. METHODS: Two surgeons blinded to patients' pain status measured both the knee Insall-Salvati and Caton-Deschamps indexes on 30° flexion lateral knee X-rays of 33 patients...
September 22, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Yuanjun Teng, Laiwei Guo, Meng Wu, Tianen Xu, Lianggong Zhao, Jin Jiang, Xiaoyun Sheng, Lihu Xu, Bo Zhang, Ning Ding, Yayi Xia
BACKGROUND: Consistent reference data used for anatomic posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction is not well defined. Quantitative guidelines defining the location of PCL attachment would aid in performing anatomic PCL reconstruction. The purpose was to characterize anatomic parameters of the PCL tibial attachment based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a large population of adult knees. METHODS: The PCL tibial attachment site was examined in 736 adult knees with an intact PCL using 3...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Marrigje F Meijer, Alexander L Boerboom, Martin Stevens, Inge H F Reininga, Dennis W Janssen, N Verdonschot, Sjoerd K Bulstra
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate stability and strain distribution of a tibial plateau reconstruction with a trabecular metal cone while the tibial component is implanted with and without a stem, and whether prosthetic stability was influenced by bone mineral density. Trabecular metal cones are designed to fill up major bone defects in total knee arthroplasty. Tibial components can be implanted in combination with a stem, but it is unclear whether this is necessary after reconstruction with a trabecular metal cone...
September 3, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Valentina Pedoia, Favian Su, Amano Keiko, Li Qi, Charles E McCulloch, Richard B Souza, Thomas M Link, C Benjamin, Xiaojuan Li
The objectives of this study were twofold: (1) to evaluate the longitudinal change in cartilage T1ρ and T2 6- and 12-months after ACL reconstruction (ACLR) in both reconstructed and intact contralateral knees with the aim of validating the role of the contralateral knee as an internal control in longitudinal studies; (2) to explore relationships between bone shape at the time of injury and the progression of T1ρ and T2 over 12-months after ACLR. T1ρ and T2 cartilage relaxation times and 3D MRI-based Statistical Shape Modeling (SSM) of tibia and femur were computed for both knees of forty ACL-injured patients and fifteen healthy controls...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Abigail D Mariano, Michael P Kowaleski, Randy J Boudrieau
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the ability of an alignment jig/saw guide to reproduce appropriate osteotomy positions in the tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) in the dog. METHODS: Lateral radiographs of 65 clinical TPLO procedures using an alignment jig and freehand osteotomy performed by experienced TPLO surgeons using a 24 mm radial saw blade between Dec 2005-Dec 2007 and Nov 2013-Nov 2015 were reviewed. The freehand osteotomy position was compared to potential osteotomy positions using the alignment jig/saw guide...
2016: PloS One
Zoran Milojević, Slobodan Tabaković, Marija Vićević, Mirko Obradović, Miodrag Vranjes, Miroslav Z Milankov
INTRODUCTION: The tibial tunnel aperture in the anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is usually analyzed as an ellipse, generated as an intersection between a tibial plateau and a tibial bone tunnel. The aim of this study is to show that the tibial tunnel aperture, which utilizes 3D tibial surface bone model, differs significantly from common computations which present the tibial tunnel anterior cruciate ligament aperture surface as an ellipse. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An interactive program system was developed for the tibial tunnel aperture analysis which included the real tibia 3D surface bone model generated from a series of computed tomography images of ten male patients, their mean age being 25 years...
March 2016: Medicinski Pregled
Chong Zheng, Yong-gang Zhou, Hai-yang Ma, Zhuo Zhang, Hua-hao Fu, Wen-ming Wu, Shang Piao, Yin-qiao Du, Sen Wang
OBJECTIVE: To summarize experience of using screws and cement to rebuild tibial bone defect in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and to discuss the relationship between the number of required screws and the severity of tibial bone defects. METHODS: From July 2009 to May 2015, 34 patients (40 knees) with varus knees underwent TKA, and the screw and cement technique was used to rebuild medial tibia plateau during operation. There were 8 males (8 knees) and 26 females (32 knees), and the average age was (65...
May 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Yadin D Levy, Vincent V G An, Christopher J W Shean, Floris R Groen, Peter M Walker, Warwick J M Bruce
PURPOSE: In patient-specifically instrumented (PSI) total knee arthroplasty, the correlation between the pre-operative surgical plan, accuracy of the cutting block, and intra-operative resection size is unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability to accurately execute the PSI surgical plan and to add to the merging information with respect to this technology with the hypothesis that the PSI blocks would demonstrate good accuracy with regard to the bony thickness of the resections...
August 4, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Rodolfo Zamora, Craig Wright, Adam Short, David Seligson
: Intramedullary nailing is one viable option for treating fractures of the tibia with a short, proximal segment. For a procedure being carried out with the knee in a semi-extended position, either a suprapatellar or parapatellar approach may be used. The objective of this study is to demonstrate whether the entry point for tibia nails is obtainable through suprapatellar or parapatellar approaches and to evaluate the most frequent injuries of the knee with these two approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Paired legs from 10 fresh frozen cadavers were used...
October 2016: Injury
Mark E Hake, James A Goulet
Posteromedial fractures of the tibial plateau are often encountered after high-energy injuries. They can be seen in isolation or in combination with lateral column fractures. These fractures must be recognized and stabilized independently of any lateral sided fracture to ensure the stability of the final construct. First described in 1997, the Lobenhoffer approach provides access to the posteromedial and posterior aspects of the proximal tibia, allowing for reduction and stabilization of fractures in this location with a posteromedial plate...
August 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Naohisa Miyatake, Takehiko Sugita, Toshimi Aizawa, Akira Sasaki, Ikuo Maeda, Masayuki Kamimura, Hirokazu Fujisawa, Atsushi Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Precise matching of the tibial component and resected bony surfaces and proper rotational implanting of the tibial component are crucial for successful total knee arthroplasty. We aimed to analyze the exact anthropometric proximal tibial data of Japanese patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty and correlate the measurements with the dimensions of current total knee arthroplasty systems. METHODS: A total of 703 knees in 566 Japanese patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis were included...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Jason Capo, Daniel J Kaplan, David J Fralinger, Ronald S Adler, Kirk A Campbell, Laith M Jazrawi, Michael J Alaia
PURPOSE: Injury to the anterolateral ligament (ALL) of the knee has recently received attention as a potential risk factor for failure of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. However, evaluation of the anterolateral ligament is currently difficult, and radiologic data are sparse with regard to the normal appearance of this ligament. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether the ALL could be identified and visualized using ultrasonography. METHODS: Ten non-paired, fresh-frozen cadaveric knees underwent ultrasound by an experienced musculoskeletal radiologist using a Siemens S2000 Acuson Ultrasound machine with a 14-MHz linear transducer...
June 25, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Ashok K Rathod, Rakesh P Dhake, Aditya Pawaskar
Fractures of the proximal tibia comprise a huge spectrum of injuries with different fracture configurations. The combination of tibia plateau fracture with diaphyseal extension is a rare injury with sparse literature being available on treatment of the same. Various treatment modalities can be adopted with the aim of achieving a well-aligned, congruous, stable joint, which allows early motion and function. We report a case of a 40-year-old male who sustained a Schatzker type VI fracture of left tibial plateau with diaphyseal extension...
2016: Curēus
Chao Lou, Guangheng Xiang, Qiaoyou Weng, Zhaojie Chen, Deheng Chen, Qingqing Wang, Di Zhang, Bin Zhou, Dengwei He, Hongliang Chen
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between menopause and severity of knee joint cartilage degeneration using a magnetic resonance imaging-based six-level grading system, with six cartilage surfaces, the medial and lateral femoral condyle, the femoral trochlea, the medial and lateral tibia plateau, and the patella. METHODS: The study cohort comprised 860 healthy women (age 36-83 y), and 5,160 cartilage surfaces were analyzed. Age, weight, height, age at natural menopause, and years since menopause (YSM) were obtained...
June 20, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Ozgur Tosun, Ali Ocguder, Gokce Annac, Bulent Bektaser, Nurdan Cay, Utkan Karaman, Halil Arslan
OBJECTIVE: Objective of this study was to determine the relationship between development of stump entrapment (SE) lesions and associated injuries in patients with knee extension deficits who underwent anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 79 patients who had an arthroscopy-proven ACL rupture causing knee extension loss. Presence and type of the SE lesions, injuries of collateral-cruciate ligaments and bones, and tears of the menisci were evaluated and recorded on magnetic resonance imaging...
September 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Marcelo Batista Bonadio, Júlio Augusto Do Prado Torres, Vicente Mazzaro, Camilo Partezani Helito, Riccardo Gomes Gobbi, Marco Kawamura Demange
OBJECTIVE: To compare the plateau-patella angle method to the methods already established for patellar height measurement in patients undergoing high tibial osteotomy. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 13 patients undergoing medial opening tibial osteotomy. The patellar height was measured in pre and post-operative radiographs by the methods from Insall-Salvati, Caton-Deschamps, Blackburne-Peel and patella-plateau angle, as well as the tibial slope and length of the patellar tendon...
May 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
Huub M de Visser, Harrie Weinans, Katja Coeleveld, Mattie Hp van Rijen, Floris Pjg Lafeber, Simon C Mastbergen
Several experimental models of osteoarthritis in rats are used to study the pathophysiology of osteoarthritis. Many mechanically induced models have the limitation that permanent joint instability is induced by e.g. ligament transection or meniscal damage. This permanent instability will counteract the potential beneficial effects of therapy. The groove model of osteoarthritis uses a one-time trigger, surgically induced cartilage damage on the femoral condyles, and has been validated for the canine tibia-femoral compartment...
May 16, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
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