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Zedong Cheng, Yulou Ning, Rui Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the expressions of CD36 gene and protein in peritoneal macrophages of atherosclerotic rabbits, and to explore the mechanism of acupuncture regulation of atherosclerosis. METHODS: A total of 26 male New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into a blank group (7 rabbits) and a model group (19 rabbits). The rabbits in the blank group were fed with common feedstuff, and those in the model group were applied with high fat diet and arteria carotis communis bullon injury...
February 12, 2018: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Courtney M Caroti, Hyunhee Ahn, Hector F Salazar, Giji Joseph, Sitara B Sankar, Nick J Willett, Levi B Wood, W Robert Taylor, Alicia N Lyle
Bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are regularly utilized for translational therapeutic strategies including cell therapy, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine and are frequently used in preclinical mouse models for both mechanistic studies and screening of new cell based therapies. Current methods to culture murine MSCs (mMSCs) select for rapidly dividing colonies and require long-term expansion. These methods thus require months of culture to generate sufficient cell numbers for feasibility studies in a lab setting and the cell populations often have reduced proliferation and differentiation potential, or have become immortalized cells...
October 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
Marco Allinovi, Calogero Lino Cirami, Leonardo Caroti, Giulia Antognoli, Silvia Farsetti, Maria Pia Amato, Enrico Eugenio Minetti
BACKGROUND: Interferon-beta (IFN-beta) is one of the most widely prescribed medications for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). IFN-related thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is a rare but severe complication, with a fulminant clinical onset and a possibly life-threatening outcome that may occur years after a well-tolerated treatment with IFN. Most patients evolve rapidly to advanced chronic kidney disease and eventually to renal failure. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of TMA cases diagnosed and managed in our Nephrology Department from 2010 to 2015, and performed a literature review of IFN-beta-induced TMA...
October 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
Dmitriy N Atochin, Galina A Chernysheva, Oleg I Aliev, Vera I Smolyakova, Anton N Osipenko, Sergey V Logvinov, Anna A Zhdankina, Tatiana M Plotnikova, Mark B Plotnikov
We developed an improved three-vessel occlusion model of global cerebral ischemia in rats. This method consists in cessation of cerebral blood flow by accessing a. carotis communis sinistra through the ventral surface of the neck as well as tr. brachiocephalicus and a. subclavia sinistra through the first intercostal space, bypassing the pleural cavity and excluding pneumothorax. After the occlusion of the vessels that resulted in interruption of their blood flow, according to laser-Doppler flowmetry, there was a sharp decline in local cerebral blood flow in the visual cortex to 4±1% of the initial level...
June 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
Kay F Weipert, Jens Andrick, Ritvan Chasan, Christopher Gemein, Astrid Most, Christian W Hamm, Damir Erkapic, Joern Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Many patients with severe heart failure (HF) have an indication for baroreflex activation therapy (BAT) and an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). Concerns about device-device interactions were addressed in a study with small sample size that concluded combined BAT and ICD therapy is safe. There are no published data, however, concerning device-device interactions between BAT and a subcutaneous ICD (S-ICD). Since BAT frequently interferes with surface electrocardiogram recordings, there are doubts about compatibility of BAT and S-ICD devices...
January 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Shuangyue Xu, Fangna Lu, Lianna Cheng, Chenglin Li, Xu Zhou, Yuan Wu, Hongxing Chen, Kaichuang Zhang, Lumin Wang, Junjie Xia, Guoliang Yan, Zhongquan Qi
BACKGROUND: The development of a suitable extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffold is the first step in vascular tissue engineering (VTE). Synthetic vascular grafts are available as an alternative to autologous vessels in large-diameter arteries (>8 mm) and medium-diameter arteries (6-8 mm). In small-diameter vessels (<6 mm), synthetic vascular grafts are of limited use due to poor patency rates. Compared with a vascular prosthesis, natural tissue ECM has valuable advantages. Despite considerable progress in recent years, identifying an optimal protocol to create a scaffold for use in small-diameter (<6 mm) fully natural tissue-engineered vascular grafts (TEVG), remains elusive...
May 11, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
Antonio Pisani, Luigi Petruzzelli Annicchiarico, Angela Pellegrino, Dario Bruzzese, Sandro Feriozzi, Massimo Imbriaco, Enrico Tedeschi, Sirio Cocozza, Dario De Rosa, Renzo Mignani, Massimiliano Veroux, Yuri Battaglia, Daniela Concolino, Simona Sestito, Federico Pieruzzi, Leonardo Caroti, Raffaele Manna, Carmela Zizzo, Michele Santangelo, Massimo Sabbatini, Eleonora Riccio
Background.: Fabry's disease (FD) is a rare, multi-organ lysosomal disease, caused by the deficiency of the enzyme α-galactosidase A, and is difficult to diagnose. Although parapelvic cysts (PC) were previously associated with FD, their prevalence and significance are unclear. Methods.: The present study aimed to: (i) evaluate, by renal ultrasound, the real prevalence of PC and of their determinants in a multicentre, nationwide cohort of FD patients ( n  = 173, Study 1) and (ii) ascertain whether a greater accuracy of PC detection improved their identification, in FD patients from a single centre ( n  = 67, Study 2)...
March 28, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Dan-Juan Yu, Hui-Yang Gao
OBJECTIVE: Study on the influence of the cerebral Ischemia-reperfusion Injury (IRI) on mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content and ATPase activity in hippocampus of rats, as well as the protective effect of propofol on IRI in rats. METHODS: A total of 40 male SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: sham operation group (Group A), ischemia reperfusion control group (Group B) and ischemic reperfusion with propofol pretreatment group (C group). Group C was further divided into three sub groups according to the different doses of propofol: Group C1 (50 mg/kg), Group C2 (100 mg/kg) and Group C3 (150 mg/kg)...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Kemal Atasayan, Tevfik Yoldemir, Sedef Ramoglu, Dilek Gogas Yavuz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the endothelial function and structure in patients with hirsutism in reproductive age. STUDY DESIGN: The study was conducted on 69 consecutive women admitted with complaints of hirsutism and 63 voluntary healthy women, as controls. A total of 132 subjects who applied to the Gynecology and Infertility Outpatient Clinics were included. Participants with modified Ferriman Gallway (mFG) score over 8 were considered to be hirsute. The demographic, metabolic, hormonal characteristics, risk factors of cardiovascular disease, CIMT (carotis intima media thickness) and FMD (flow-mediated dilatation) were compared between hirsute women and those in the control group...
November 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Andrea Ardizzoni, Marcello Tiseo, Luca Boni, Massimo Di Maio, Lucio Buffoni, Ornella Belvedere, Francesco Grossi, Vito D'Alessandro, Filippo de Marinis, Santi Barbera, Cinzia Caroti, Adolfo Favaretto, Diego Cortinovis, Brunello Morrica, Lucia Tixi, Tino Ceschia, Salvatore Parisi, Umberto Ricardi, Andrea Grimaldi, Lucio Loreggian, Pierina Navarria, Rudolf M Huber, Chandra Belani, Paal Fr Brunsvig, Giorgio Vittorio Scagliotti, Tindaro Scolaro
BACKGROUND: Chemo-radiotherapy is standard of care in the treatment of unresectable stage III NSCLC. We aimed at assessing whether the addition of concurrent taxane-chemotherapy to thoracic irradiation following chemotherapy was able to improve treatment outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In PITCAP trial, patients with unresectable stage III NSCLC were randomized to receive 2 cycles of platinum-paclitaxel followed by 60-61.2Gy thoracic irradiation (control arm) or by same radiotherapy with concomitant weekly paclitaxel (experimental arm)...
October 2016: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Luciano Moscarelli, Giulia Antognoli, Elisa Buti, Egrina Dervishi, Filippo Fani, Leonardo Caroti, Aris Tsalouchos, Elena Romoli, Giulia Ghiandai, Enrico Minetti
Observation that 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin-D3 has an immunomodulatory effect on innate and adaptive immunity raises the possible effect on clinical graft outcome. Aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation of biopsy-proven acute rejection, CMV infection, BKV infection, with 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin-D3 deficiency and the benefit of calcitriol supplementation before and during the transplantation. Risk factors and kidney graft function were also evaluated. All RTRs received induction therapy with basiliximab, cyclosporine, mycophenolic acid, and steroids...
October 2016: Clinical Transplantation
Dexuan Wang, Yiqian Zhang, Jinhua Han, Shufang Pan, Ning Xu, Xiuyan Feng, Zhizhi Zhuang, Courtney Caroti, Jieqiu Zhuang, Robert S Hoover, Dingying Gu, Qiyi Zeng, Hui Cai
BACKGROUND: WNK kinase is a serine/threonine kinase that plays an important role in normal blood pressure homeostasis. WNK3 was previously found to enhance the activity of sodium chloride cotransporter (NCC) in Xenopus oocyte. However, the mechanism through which it works remains unclear. METHODS: Using overexpression and siRNA knock-down techniques, the effects of WNK3 on NCC in both Cos-7 and mouse distal convoluted cells were analyzed by Western blot. RESULTS: We found that WNK3 significantly increased NCC protein expression in a dose-dependent manner...
2016: Nephron
Mingli Ji, Yuxia Wang, Lei Wang, Liping Chen, Jing Li
Xuebijing (XBJ) is a Chinese herbal preparation. Previous studies have demonstrated that XBJ injection is able to inhibit the uncontrolled release of endogenous inflammatory mediators, attenuate inflammation, and alleviate organ damage. However, there are no relevant reports on the protective effect of XBJ against left ventricular ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced acute lung injury (ALI). Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the protective effect of XBJ on ALI induced by left ventricular I/R, and provide evidence for the clinical application of XBJ...
July 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
K Witter, Z Tonar, H Schöpper
Tunica adventitia or tunica externa is the outer layer of the blood vessel wall. It consists of connective tissue with vasa and nervi vasorum and plays a key role in vascular health. The aim of our study was to compare the wall layers beyond tunica media in arteries of different type and location. The following arteries of pig, dog and cat were processed histologically and analysed by light microscopy: aorta ascendens, arcus aortae, aorta thoracica, aorta abdominalis, arteria (a.) femoralis, a. tibialis cranialis, a...
April 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
Radostina Vlaeva Cherneva, Zheina Vlaeva Cherneva, Ognian Borisov Georgiev, Daniela Stoichkova Petrova, Julia Ivanova Petrova
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress and inflammation are assumed as the main pathological triggers for vascular damage in hypersomnolent obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) patients, whereas their exact role in less symptomatic population is currently unknown. AIM: To determine whether oxidative stress (urinary 8-isoprostane concentration) and inflammation (plasma resistin levels) are associated with vascular damage in non-hypersomnolent (Epworth Sleep Score <11) OSA patients...
November 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
Norbert Weiss, Johannes Gerber, Christian Reeps
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
T Hummel, S H Meves, K Rüdiger, A Mügge, A Mumme, B Burkert, D Mühlberger, H Neubauer
BACKGROUND: Research has revealed that a decreased antiplatelet effect (low response [LR]/high on-treatment platelet reactivity [HPR]) of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and clopidogrel is associated with an increased risk of thromboembolic events. There are extensive ASA low response (ALR) and clopidogrel low response (CLR) prevalence data in the literature, but there are only a few studies concerning vascular surgical patients. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and risk factors of ALR and CLR in vascular surgical patients...
May 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
P Carta, B Bigazzi, E Buti, G Antognoli, L Di Maria, L Caroti, E E Minetti
We compared retrospectively the level of hemoglobin and the percentage of patients with anemia among 59 kidney transplant recipients receiving everolimus, cyclosporine, and corticosteroids and 128 treated with cyclosporine, mycophenolic acid, and corticosteroids. We also compared age at the time of transplantation, sex and ferritine, serum creatinine, creatinine clearance, folic acid, cyanocobalamine levels, use od recombinant erythropoietin, mean corpuscolar volume at the last ambulatory control. Statistical analysis included Student t test, χ(2) test, and logistic regression...
March 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
G Bersani, F S Bersani, E Caroti, P Russo, G Albano, G Valeriani, C Imperatori, A Minichino, G Manuali, O Corazza
OBJECTIVE: Cannabis use is frequent among depressed patients and may lead to the so-called "amotivational syndrome", which combines symptoms of affective flattening and loss of emotional reactivity (i.e. the so-called "negative" symptomatology). The aim of this study was to investigate the negative symptomatology in depressed patients with concomitant cannabis use disorders (CUDs) in comparison with depressed patients without CUDs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-one patients with a diagnosis of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and concomitant CUD and fifty-one MDD patients were enrolled in the study...
2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Haley D O'Brien
The cranial arterial pattern of artiodactyls deviates significantly from the typical mammalian pattern. One of the most striking atypical features is the rete mirabile epidurale: a subdural arterial meshwork that functionally and anatomically replaces the arteria carotis interna. This meshwork facilitates an exceptional ability to cool the brain, and was thought to be present in all artiodactyls. Recent research, however, has found that species of mouse deer (Artiodactyla: Tragulidae) endemic to the Malay Archipelago possess a complete a...
2015: PeerJ
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