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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888464/mycobiota-of-ground-red-pepper-and-their-aflatoxigenic-potential
#1
Hyeonheui Ham, Sosoo Kim, Min-Hee Kim, Soohyung Lee, Sung Kee Hong, Jae-Gee Ryu, Theresa Lee
To investigate contamination of ground red pepper with fungi and mycotoxin, we obtained 30 ground red pepper samples from 15 manufacturers in the main chili-pepper-producing areas in Korea. Fungal contamination was evaluated by spreading diluted samples on potato dextrose agar plates. The total fungi counts ranged from 0 to 7.3 × 10(3) CFU/g. In the samples, the genus Aspergillus had the highest incidence, while Paecilomyces was isolated most frequently. The next most frequent genera were Rhizopus, Penicillium, Cladosporium, and Alternaria...
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884184/dietary-patterns-of-early-childhood-and-maternal-socioeconomic-status-in-a-unique-prospective-sample-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-prenatal-dha-supplementation
#2
Brandon H Hidaka, Elizabeth H Kerling, Jocelynn M Thodosoff, Debra K Sullivan, John Colombo, Susan E Carlson
BACKGROUND: Dietary habits established in early childhood and maternal socioeconomic status (SES) are important, complex, interrelated factors that influence a child's growth and development. The aim of this study was to define the major dietary patterns in a cohort of young US children, construct a maternal SES index, and evaluate their associations. METHODS: The diets of 190 children from a randomized, controlled trial of prenatal supplementation of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were recorded at 6-mo intervals from 2-4...
November 25, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812443/environmental-surveillance-of-commonly-grown-vegetables-for-investigating-potential-lead-and-chromium-contamination-intensification-in-bangladesh
#3
A M M Maruf Hossain, M Shahidul Islam, M Mustafa Mamun, H M Al-Jonaed, M Imran, M Hasibur Rahman, M Azizul Islam Kazi, Syed Fazle Elahi
With regard to previously reported Lead (Pb) and Chromium (Cr) contamination in egg, a semi-quantitative assessment of the general environment of Bangladesh is carried out through nation-wide sampling of commonly grown and consumed vegetables. Five vegetables, namely, White Potato (Solanum tuberosum), Green Cabbage (Brassica oleracea capitata var. alba L.), Red Spinach (Amaranthus dubius), White Radish (Raphanus sativus var. longipinnatus), and Green Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) were selected for sampling from all 64 Districts of the country as per their availability during the sampling season...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774916/substitution-of-meat-and-fish-with-vegetables-or-potatoes-and-risk-of-myocardial-infarction
#4
Anne M L Würtz, Mette D Hansen, Anne Tjønneland, Eric B Rimm, Erik B Schmidt, Kim Overvad, Marianne U Jakobsen
Red meat has been suggested to be adversely associated with risk of myocardial infarction (MI), whereas vegetable consumption has been found to be protective. The aim of this study was to investigate substitutions of red meat, poultry and fish with vegetables or potatoes for MI prevention. We followed up 29 142 women and 26 029 men in the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health study aged 50-64 years with no known history of MI at baseline. Diet was assessed by a validated 192-item FFQ at baseline. Adjusted Cox proportional hazard models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HR) and 95 % CI for MI associated with specified food substitutions of 150 g/week...
October 24, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719887/intelligent-ph-indicator-film-composed-of-agar-potato-starch-and-anthocyanin-extracts-from-purple-sweet-potato
#5
Inyoung Choi, Jun Young Lee, Monique Lacroix, Jaejoon Han
A new colorimetric pH indicator film was developed using agar, potato starch, and natural dyes extracted from purple sweet potato, Ipomoea batatas. Both agar and potato starch are solid matrices used to immobilize natural dyes, anthocyanins. The ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectrum of anthocyanin extract solutions and agar/potato starch films with anthocyanins showed color variations to different pH values (pH 2.0-10.0). Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and UV-vis region spectra showed compatibility between agar, starch, and anthocyanin extracts...
March 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669817/association-between-dietary-patterns-and-low-bone-mineral-density-among-adults-aged-50-years-and-above-findings-from-the-north-west-adelaide-health-study-nwahs
#6
Yohannes Adama Melaku, Tiffany K Gill, Robert Adams, Zumin Shi
Studies on the association between dietary patterns and bone mineral density (BMD) have reported inconsistent findings. Data from the North West Adelaide Health Study, a population-based cohort study undertaken in Australia, were used to assess this association among adults aged 50 years and above. In this specific study, 1182 adults (545 males, 45·9 %) had dietary data collected using a FFQ and also had BMD measurements taken using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Factor analysis with principal component method was applied to ascertain dietary patterns...
October 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620002/dietary-patterns-and-the-risk-of-cvd-and-all-cause-mortality-in-older-british-men
#7
Janice L Atkins, Peter H Whincup, Richard W Morris, Lucy T Lennon, Olia Papacosta, S Goya Wannamethee
Dietary patterns are a major risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality; however, few studies have examined this relationship in older adults. We examined prospective associations between dietary patterns and the risk of CVD and all-cause mortality in 3226 older British men, aged 60-79 years and free from CVD at baseline, from the British Regional Heart Study. Baseline FFQ data were used to generate thirty-four food groups. Principal component analysis identified dietary patterns that were categorised into quartiles, with higher quartiles representing higher adherence to the dietary pattern...
October 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585067/genomic-and-cytogenetic-localization-of-the-carotenoid-genes-in-the-aphid-genome
#8
Mauro Mandrioli, Veronica Rivi, Andrea Nardelli, Gian Carlo Manicardi
Data published in the scientific literature suggests a possible link between chromosomal rearrangements involving autosomes 1 and 3 and the presence of red morphs in the peach-potato aphid Myzus persicae (Sulzer). In order to begin a study of this relationship, we analysed the genomic and chromosomal location of genes involved in carotenoid biosynthesis in M. persicae and the pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris), since carotenoids are the basis of the colour in many aphid species. Genomic analysis identified a DNA sequence containing carotenoid genes in synteny between the 2 species...
September 2, 2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569567/-dietary-factors-associated-with-stroke-a-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
L Lopez-Romero, F Silva-Sieger, E Gamboa-Delgado
INTRODUCTION: The stroke is a chronic non-transmissible disease of high impact that is caused by different factors, among which are those related to lifestyles, that dietary factors are part. AIM: To review the evidence in relation to dietary factors associated with stroke. DEVELOPMENT: We conducted a literature review of the dietary factors and stroke. Research shows a decrease risk stroke, according to the recommended intake: 39% for Mediterranean diet, 19% for DASH diet, 10% for nuts, 26% for fruits and vegetables, 31% for fish, 26% for total protein, 9% for low-fat dairy, and 18% for calcium...
September 1, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562012/gluten-free-bread-with-an-addition-of-freeze-dried-red-and-purple-potatoes-as-a-source-of-phenolic-compounds-in-gluten-free-diet
#10
Dorota Gumul, Rafał Ziobro, Eva Ivanišová, Anna Korus, Július Árvay, Tomáš Tóth
The basis for gluten-free diet is often gluten-free bread, which is usually characterized by a low-nutritional value, and lacks any pro-health properties. Only after an introduction of gluten-free raw materials, containing high level of bioactive compounds it would be possible to obtain the product with a pro-health potential. The aim of the study was to analyze the content of bioactive compounds (total phenolic content, phenolic acids, flavonoids, flavonols, anthocyanins and carotenoids) in gluten-free bread prepared with 5% addition of freeze-dried red and purple potatoes as well as to assess their antioxidant potential...
August 25, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299701/plant-based-dietary-patterns-and-incidence-of-type-2-diabetes-in-us-men-and-women-results-from-three-prospective-cohort-studies
#11
Ambika Satija, Shilpa N Bhupathiraju, Eric B Rimm, Donna Spiegelman, Stephanie E Chiuve, Lea Borgi, Walter C Willett, JoAnn E Manson, Qi Sun, Frank B Hu
BACKGROUND: Plant-based diets have been recommended to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, not all plant foods are necessarily beneficial. We examined the association of an overall plant-based diet and hypothesized healthful and unhealthful versions of a plant-based diet with T2D incidence in three prospective cohort studies in the US. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We included 69,949 women from the Nurses' Health Study (1984-2012), 90,239 women from the Nurses' Health Study 2 (1991-2011), and 40,539 men from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (1986-2010), free of chronic diseases at baseline...
June 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132853/resistant-starch-analysis-of-commonly-consumed-potatoes-content-varies-by-cooking-method-and-service-temperature-but-not-by-variety
#12
Susan K Raatz, Laura Idso, LuAnn K Johnson, Matthew I Jackson, Gerald F Combs
Resistant starch (RS) has unique digestive and absorptive properties which may provide health benefits. We conducted a study to determine the contributions of cultivar, cooking method and service temperature on the RS contents of potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.). We hypothesized that the RS content would vary by variety, cooking method and service temperature. Potatoes of three common commercial varieties (Yukon Gold, Dark Red Norland, and Russet Burbank) were subjected to two methods of cooking (baking or boiling) and three service temperatures: hot (65°C), chilled (4°C) and reheated (4°C for 6d; reheated to 65°C) and analyzed the starch content by modification of a commercially available assay...
October 1, 2016: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27111802/variations-in-zebra-chip-disease-expression-and-tuber-biochemistry-in-response-to-vector-density
#13
Arash Rashed, Christopher M Wallis, Fekede Workneh, Li Paetzold, Charles M Rush
Zebra chip (ZC) disease, caused by 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum', which is transmitted by the potato psyllid, has negatively affected potato production in the United States for over a decade. The present study was conducted to evaluate the affect of the number of bacteriliferous psyllids on 'Ca. L. solanacearum' titer, levels of amino acids, carbohydrates, phenolics, and, subsequently, symptom severity in potato tubers. 'Red La Soda' and 'Russet Norkotah' potato were planted in the field and later inoculated with 'Ca...
August 2016: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27111580/polyphenol-oxidase-containing-sidestreams-as-emulsifiers-of-rumen-bypass-linseed-oil-emulsions-interfacial-characterization-and-efficacy-of-protection-against-in-vitro-ruminal-biohydrogenation
#14
Frederik Gadeyne, Nympha De Neve, Bruno Vlaeminck, Erik Claeys, Paul Van der Meeren, Veerle Fievez
The low transfer in ruminants of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids to the milk or peripheral tissues is largely due to ruminal biohydrogenation. Lipids emulsified by a polyphenol oxidase (PPO) rich protein extract of red clover were shown before to be protected against this breakdown after cross-linking with 4-methylcatechol. Protein extracts of 13 other vegetal resources were tested. Surprisingly, the effectiveness to protect emulsified lipids against in vitro ruminal biohydrogenation largely depended on the origin of the extract and its protein concentration but was not related to PPO activity...
May 18, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066384/food-intake-and-gestational-weight-gain-in-swedish-women
#15
Linnea Bärebring, Petra Brembeck, Marie Löf, Hilde K Brekke, Anna Winkvist, Hanna Augustin
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate if food intake (dairy, snacks, caloric beverages, bread, cheese, margarine/butter, potato/rice/pasta/grains, red meat, fish and fruit/berries/vegetables) is associated with gestational weight gain (GWG) in Swedish women. METHODS: Four day food records from 95 pregnant Swedish women were collected in the last trimester. GWG was calculated as weighed body weight in the last trimester (median gestational week 36) minus self-reported pre-pregnancy body weight...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27026922/habitat-preferences-and-conservation-threats-to-black-necked-cranes-wintering-in-bhutan
#16
Rinchen Namgay, Sangay Wangchuk
Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollis) is a vulnerable Red list species whose populations are declining. However, little is known about Black-necked Cranes' habitat requirements or the causes of their population decline. We identified Black-necked Cranes' winter roost and foraging preferences of Black-necked Cranes in Bhutan during the winter of 2013-2014. Black-necked Cranes' roosts were recorded using Garmin GPSmap 60CSx, while foraging preferences and threats to the birds were identified based on a survey of household heads (n = 107) residing within a 3 km radius of roost sites...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26934360/effect-of-dietary-patterns-on-muscle-strength-and-physical-performance-in-the-very-old-findings-from-the-newcastle-85-study
#17
Antoneta Granic, Carol Jagger, Karen Davies, Ashley Adamson, Thomas Kirkwood, Tom R Hill, Mario Siervo, John C Mathers, Avan Aihie Sayer
BACKGROUND: Healthy diet has been associated with better muscle strength and physical performance in cross-sectional studies of older adults but the effect of dietary patterns (DP) on subsequent decline, particularly in the very old (aged 85+), has not been determined. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between previously established DP and decline in muscle strength and physical performance in the very old. DESIGN: 791 participants (61...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26884602/functional-diversification-of-the-potato-r2r3-myb-anthocyanin-activators-an1-myba1-and-myb113-and-their-interaction-with-basic-helix-loop-helix-cofactors
#18
Yuhui Liu, Kui Lin-Wang, Richard V Espley, Li Wang, Hongyu Yang, Bin Yu, Andrew Dare, Erika Varkonyi-Gasic, Jing Wang, Junlian Zhang, Di Wang, Andrew C Allan
In potato (Solanum tuberosum L.), R2R3 MYBs are involved in the regulation of anthocyanin biosynthesis. We examined sequences of these MYBs in cultivated potatoes, which are more complex than diploid potato due to ploidy and heterozygosity. We found amino acid variants in the C-terminus of the MYB StAN1, termed R0, R1, and R3, due to the presence of a repeated 10-amino acid motif. These variant MYBs showed some expression in both white and pigmented tubers. We found several new alleles or gene family members of R2R3 MYBs,StMYBA1 and StMYB113, which were also expressed in white potato tubers...
April 2016: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26817715/gaussian-graphical-models-identify-networks-of-dietary-intake-in-a-german-adult-population
#19
Khalid Iqbal, Brian Buijsse, Janine Wirth, Matthias B Schulze, Anna Floegel, Heiner Boeing
BACKGROUND: Data-reduction methods such as principal component analysis are often used to derive dietary patterns. However, such methods do not assess how foods are consumed in relation to each other. Gaussian graphical models (GGMs) are a set of novel methods that can address this issue. OBJECTIVE: We sought to apply GGMs to derive sex-specific dietary intake networks representing consumption patterns in a German adult population. METHODS: Dietary intake data from 10,780 men and 16,340 women of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Potsdam cohort were cross-sectionally analyzed to construct dietary intake networks...
March 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26781818/differences-in-nutrient-composition-and-choice-of-side-dishes-between-red-meat-and-fish-dinners-in-norwegian-adults
#20
Jannicke Borch Myhre, Elin Bjørge Løken, Margareta Wandel, Lene Frost Andersen
BACKGROUND: Food-based dietary guidelines often recommend increased consumption of fish and reduced intake of red and processed meat. However, little is known about how changing the main protein source from red meat to fish may influence the choice of side dishes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether side dish choices differed between red meat and fish dinners. Moreover, to compare intakes of macronutrients and selected micronutrients in red meat and fish dinners and to see whether whole-day intakes of these nutrients differed between days with red meat dinners and days with fish dinners...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
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