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CMV parotiditis

A-S Rességuier, M Hermet, G Guettrot-Imbert, C Makarawiez, S Trouillier, M André, O Aumaître
INTRODUCTION: Cat scratch disease is characterized by adenitis with usually positive outcome. We reported two cases of cat scratch disease with preauricular involvement occurring in immunocompetent patients. OBSERVATIONS: Observation 1: a 28-year-old man had a recent onset of left cervical swelling, with a peripheral facial paralysis and liver cytolysis. Serologies for EBV, viral hepatitis, CMV, HIV and toxoplasma were negative. Node excision biopsy suggested granulomatous lymphadenitis and Bartonella henselae PCR on lymph node was positive...
December 2013: La Revue de Médecine Interne
A A da Silva, L Bingle, P M Speight, C D Bingle, T Mauad, L F F da Silva, P A Vargas
OBJECTIVE: To analyse and compare the expression of Palate, Lung, and Nasal Epithelium Clone (PLUNC) proteins in salivary glands from patients with and without AIDS (control group) using autopsy material. METHODS: We analysed the expression of PLUNCs using immunohistochemistry in parotid (n = 45), submandibular (n = 47) and sublingual gland (n = 37) samples of AIDS patients [30 with normal histology, 21 with mycobacteriosis, 14 with cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, 30 with chronic non-specific sialadenitis, and 30 HIV-negative controls...
April 2011: Oral Diseases
Thomas L Yen, Andrew H Murr, Joseph Rabin, Anand N Mhatre, Anil K Lalwani
OBJECTIVE: To provide background and evaluate the role of herpesviruses in benign lymphoepithelial cysts (BLC) of the parotid gland. STUDY DESIGN: Case series derived from review of pathology specimens. METHODS: Radiolabeled polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis was used to detect for the presence of cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and human herpes virus 8 (HHV-8) DNA sequences in 14 paraffin embedded specimens and 1 freshly aspirated BLC specimen...
August 2004: Laryngoscope
L Ayadi, A Khabir, T Boudawara, M Kharrat, S Makni, R Jlidi
We report a case in a two and a half month old boy presenting a mass in the right parotid gland. Sonography showed a vascular tumor. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an expansive process of the parotid gland measuring 61 x 39 mm taking the contrast with hypo signal in T1 and hyper signal in T2-weighted images. The parotid was extirpated with preservation of the facial nerve. Microscopically the diagnosis of cellular hemangioma associated with CMV infection was made. Hemangiomas of the parotid gland is frequent; the most common tumor in children; the association of juvenile hemangioma of the parotid gland and cytomegalovirus (CMV) is extremely rare: a single case was reported in the literature...
October 2003: Revue de Stomatologie et de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale
Helen Rivera, Nikolaos G Nikitakis, Sleygh Castillo, Hessam Siavash, John C Papadimitriou, John J Sauk
BACKGROUND: The diffuse infiltrative lymphocytosis syndrome (DILS) in HIV patients is characterized by the persistence of CD8-circulating lymphocytes and lymphocytic infiltration, predominantly in salivary glands. METHODS: We examined seven HIV-positive patients with bilateral parotid enlargement and sicca symptoms. Minor labial salivary gland biopsies were performed in all patients and submitted for histopathological analysis and immunohistochemistry for CD4, CD8, cytomegalovirus (CMV), LMP-EBV protein, and HIV p-24 protein...
August 2003: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
Claudia Vinagre, María José Martínez, Luis Fidel Avendaño, Mirta Landaeta, María Eugenia Pinto
Infantile chronic recurrent parotitis (ICRP) has been attributed to multiple causes, including viral infections, and therefore its treatment remains empirical. Our aim was to evaluate the involvement of respiratory and oropharyngeal viruses in acute episodes of ICRP. Seventy children were studied, 50 patients and 20 age-matched controls, in a 2-year follow-up study. Saliva samples were taken from the parotid duct and analyzed by viral isolation and immunofluorescence for adenovirus (Ad), respiratory sincitial virus (RSV), parainfluenza virus (PI), influenza virus (Flu), Cytomegalovirus (CMV), and herpes simplex virus (HSV)...
July 2003: Journal of Medical Virology
Christina J Laane, Andrew H Murr, Anand N Mhatre, Kirk D Jones, Anil K Lalwani
BACKGROUND: Pleomorphic adenomas and Warthin's tumors are the two most common benign parotid tumors. Previous studies investigating the role of viruses in tumorigenesis of these neoplasms have been conflicting. The aim of this study was to determine whether Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) or cytomegalovirus (CMV) might play a role in the pathogenesis of pleomorphic adenomas and Warthin's tumors. METHODS: Paraffin-embedded surgical specimens of 24 pleomorphic adenomas, 10 Warthin's tumors, and 13 normal parotid tissues were obtained from the University of California-San Francisco Pathology Department...
May 2002: Head & Neck
P A Vargas, H Villalba, A P Passos, P H Saldiva, T Mauad, H H Caiaffa Filho, A Lucena, O P Almeida
We report the unusual simultaneous occurrence of lymphoepithelial cysts, cytomegalovirus (CMV) and mycobacterial infections in the intraparotid lymph nodes of a 52-year-old AIDS patient who died of disseminated mycobacteriosis. Although cytomegalovirosis is a common finding in the salivary glands of HIV patients, the association of CMV inclusions with lymphoepithelial cyst (LC) has not been previously reported. Parotid mycobacterial infection is an uncommon finding, despite its usual disseminated presentation in HIV patients...
September 2001: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
J S Kloover, J L Hillebrands, G de Wit, G Grauls, J Rozing, C A Bruggeman, P Nieuwenhuis
The salivary gland is the preferred organ for cytomegalovirus (CMV) replication and viral persistence. In order to identify the nature of infected cells and to study viral replication in more detail, several experiments were conducted. Using the rat CMV (RCMV) model, acutely infected young adult rats (6 weeks of age) and new-born rats (3 days of age) were infected, and submandibular, parotid and sublingual glands were harvested at different time points after infection. For identification of the nature of infected cells, immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridisation and electron microscopic techniques were used...
October 2000: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
J P Klussmann, A Müller, M Wagner, O Guntinas-Lichius, M Jungehuelsing, T Sloots, D V Ablashi, G R Krueger
BACKGROUND: The new human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8) has been detected in all types of Kaposi's sarcomas, as well as in body-cavity lymphomas and Castleman's disease, furthermore molecular biologic studies have identified a number of potential viral oncogenes. There is evidence for sexual transmission of HHV-8 in HIV-seropositive patients, but the route of infection among the HIV-seronegative population is uncertain. Findings of HHV-8 DNA in saliva in some cases are suggestive of nonsexual transmission associated with latent infection of the salivary gland (as it is known for EBV, CMV, HHV-6 and HHV-7)...
May 2000: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
K Santiago, A Rivera, D Cabaniss, N Dhurhar, K Moroz
A case of cytomegalovirus (CMV) sialadenitis in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is reported. Although a diagnosis of CMV sialadenitis can be established on Diff-Quik-stained slides, the characteristic viral changes are the best appreciated on slides stained by the Papanicolaou (Pap) technique. Differential pitfalls are discussed. It needs to be stressed that clinically unsuspected diagnosis of CMV infection may uncover congenital or acquired defects of cellular immunity, and particularly AIDS...
February 2000: Diagnostic Cytopathology
T Atula, R Grénman, P Klemi, S Syrjänen
Human papillomaviruses (HPV) are involved in the etiology of both benign and malignant epithelial lesions. The occurrence of HPV types 16 and 18 in gynecological squamous cell carcinomas is also well known. Of the herpesviruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with, for example, undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma, endemic Burkitt's lymphoma and immunoblastic lymphoma, and human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) with Kaposi's sarcoma. As little is known about the etiological factors of salivary gland tumours, the presence of HPV, EBV, HHV-8 and human cytomegalovirus (CMV) in these tumours were examined...
September 1998: Oral Oncology
S Variend, D O'Neill, P Arnold
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether cytomegaloviral (CMV) parotitis reflects a disseminated disease that increases vulnerability to unexpected death. DESIGN: Necropsy-based cross-sectional study comparing incidences of brain stem microglial nodules and visceral lymphocytic infiltrates in patients with and without CMV parotitis. SUBJECTS: One hundred twelve infants and young children comprising a study group of 40 individuals with CMV parotitis (including 32 whose deaths remained unexplained) and two comparison groups comprising 40 explained and 32 unexplained deaths...
December 1997: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
G Chaushu, S Chaushu, S Slavin, R Or, A A Garfunkel, E Yefenof
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a major complication of BMT. The oral cavity is a common route for CMV infection, whose protection is provided by salivary anti-CMV antibodies. We developed an ELISA assay for the detection of CMV-specific antibodies in parotid saliva. Saliva of patients receiving BMT from CMV-positive donors was transiently reconstituted with IgG and IgA anti-CMV antibodies shortly after transplantation. The concentration of these antibodies gradually decreased during the 2 months after transplantation and increased again around day 80...
February 1996: Bone Marrow Transplantation
J P Van Vooren, C M Farber, P Daelemans, M L Delforge, C Liesnard
We report the first case of generalized cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease in an AIDS patient who presented with an acute Sjögren-like syndrome and was diagnosed by parotid gland biopsy. All symptoms disappeared after a few days of intravenous ganciclovir therapy.
November 1995: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
I Mihály, J Budai, A Gerö, E Kukán
Children who had previously received Morbilli-(Mumps) Rubella (MMR) vaccine developed parotid swelling which was diagnosed as acute parotitis 7 days to 2 years following inoculation. Blood samples from each of the patients were tested for the following virological parameters: Mumps-virus, Parainfluenza-viruses (PIV) type 1., 2., 3., Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), Epstein Barr Virus Capsid Antigen (EBVCA) IgM, IgA, IgG immunofluorescent test (IFT) and EBVCA IgM, IgG ELISA (HUMAN); Epstein Barr Virus Early Antigen (EBV EA) IgG IFT; Adenovirus, Influenza A, B Complement Fixation (CF) test...
February 6, 1994: Orvosi Hetilap
T D Wax, L J Layfield, S Zaleski, V Bhargara, M Cohen, H K Lyerly, S R Fisher
We report three cases of cytomegalovirus (CMV) sialadenitis which presented as parotid gland nodules in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. While CMV is known to widely infect patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), we are aware of only a single report of CMV sialadenitis in a patient with AIDS (Pialoux et al.: Rev Infect Dis 1991;13:338). Utilizing fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology as the initial investigative modality, two cases were correctly diagnosed preoperatively while the third case displayed atypical features and was interpreted erroneously as carcinoma leading to surgical intervention...
1994: Diagnostic Cytopathology
M Strauss
Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) is ubiquitous and has been documented as the etiologic factor in several diseases ranging from respiratory tract infection to congenital deafness. Special clinical manifestations of CMV of interest to the otolaryngologist are presented as related to the temporal bone and audiovestibular system, the facial nerve, the aerodigestive tract, the thyroid, the hematopoietic-lymphoreticular system, and salivary gland. In addition, current concepts of CMV oncogenic potential are discussed as they relate to head and neck neoplasms...
December 1981: Laryngoscope
P K Coyle, P A Sibony
Viruses are a common cause of eye infection. The local mucosal response, with production of antibodies released into tears, is believed to provide an important immune defense against these agents. However very little information exists on the viral specificity of normal tear immunoglobulins. In this study we obtained tears, parotid saliva and serum from 40 normal subjects without eye disease. Samples were examined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for antibodies to seven common viruses which invade mucosa: cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein Barr (EBV), herpes simplex type I (HSVI), measles, mumps, rubella and varicella zoster virus (VZV)...
October 1988: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
M Z Marder, C E Barr, I D Mandel
Parotid and whole saliva was collected from nine patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and nine controls. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) was cultured from both salivary samples in six of the AIDS patients but was not present in any of the controls. In the AIDS samples parotid sodium (p less than 0.05), IgG (p less than 0.01), and albumin (p less than 0.05) were higher than in control samples. Parotid potassium (p less than 0.05) and total protein (p less than 0.05) were lower than control values, whereas flow rate, lactoferrin, lysozyme, IgA, and IgM levels were similar in both sets of samples...
October 1985: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Oral Pathology
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