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Zhiyuan Xing, Fengbo Sun, Wang He, Zhiwei Wang, Xiuqi Song, Fengjuan Zhang
Ubiquitin-specific peptidase 39 (USP39) has been reported to participate in the mitotic spindle checkpoint and the process of cytokinesis. and has been identified as a therapeutic target for various types of cancer. However, the effect of USP39 in colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been investigated. To explore the functional role of USP39 in CRC cell growth, lentivirus-mediated RNA interference was applied to inhibit USP39 expression in SW1116 and HCT116 cells. The relative USP39 mRNA and protein expression levels were significantly reduced in the USP39 knockdown cells, as verified by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Yuan Xu, Mei-Rong Zhu, Jing-Yong Zhang, Guo-Min Si, Jia-Ju Lv
Ubiquitin specific peptidase 39 (USP39) serves important roles in mRNA processing and is involved in tumorigenesis of multiple solid malignancies. However, the influence and underlying mechanism of USP39 on human renal cell carcinomas (RCC) remain to be elucidated. The current study investigated the functional roles of USP39 in human RCC cell lines. siRNA‑mediated RNA interference was used to downregulate USP39 in RCC cells. CCK‑8, wound healing and invasion assays were performed to assess the proliferative ability and metastatic potential...
March 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Mi-Jin An, Chul-Hong Kim, Gyu-You Nam, Dae-Hyun Kim, Sangmyung Rhee, Sung-Jin Cho, Jung-Woong Kim
Throughout life, the human eye is continuously exposed to sunlight and artificial lighting. Ambient light exposure can lead to visual impairment and transient or permanent blindness. To mimic benign light stress conditions, Mus musculus eyes were exposed to low-energy UVB radiation, ensuring no severe morphological changes in the retinal structure post-exposure. We performed RNA-seq analysis to reveal the early transcriptional changes and key molecular pathways involved before the activation of the canonical cell death pathway...
January 2018: Environmental Toxicology
Shuai He, Wei Zhong, Li Yin, Yifei Wang, Zhibing Qiu, Gang Song
Vascular remodeling is the primary cause underlying the failure of angioplasty surgeries, including vascular stenting, transplant vasculopathy and vein grafts. Multiple restenosis‑associated proteins and genes have been identified to account for this. In the present study, the functions of ubiquitin‑specific peptidase 39 (USP39) were investigated in the context of two vascular remodeling models (a mouse common carotid artery ligation and a pig bilateral saphenous vein‑carotid artery interposition graft)...
May 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Xianwen Yuan, Xitai Sun, Xiaolei Shi, Chunping Jiang, Decai Yu, Weiwei Zhang, Yitao Ding
The present study investigated ubiquitin specific peptidase 39 (USP39) gene knockdown on SMMC-7721 cells in vitro and in vivo, and the role of USP39 in regulating the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Two small interfering RNAs (siRNA) were constructed, which targeted the USP39 gene and control sequences were synthesized and inserted into a pGCSIL-GFP lentiviral vector. The full length of USP39 cDNA was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and cloned into pEGFP-N2, and the recombinant plasmids were transfected into cells...
April 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Zhihua Gan, Kun Han, Shuchen Lin, Haiyan Hu, Zan Shen, Daliu Min
BACKGROUND: Ubiquitin specific peptidase 39 (USP39), an essential factor in the assembly of the mature spliceosome complex, has an aberrant expression in several cancer. However, its function and the corresponding mechanism on human osteosarcoma has not been fully explored yet. METHODS: The mRNA and DNA copies of USP39 were increased in osteosarcoma cancer tissues compared with the one in human normal tissues according to datasets from the publicly available Oncomine database...
April 12, 2017: Biological Research
Jing Cai, Tiande Liu, Peng Huang, Wei Yan, Changkuo Guo, Le Xiong, Anwen Liu
Ubiquitin specific protease 39 (USP39) is one of the deubiquitinating enzymes without ubiquitin protease activity, which has been implicated in the progression of several cancers. However, the role of USP39 in pancreatic cancer (PC) is largely unknown. In present study, we found that USP39 expression was elevated in PC tissues than adjacent non-tumor tissues. Importantly, we demonstrated that overexpression of USP39 is closely correlated with tumor progression and poor survival in PC patients. Furthermore, high USP39 expression was observed in PC cell lines and ectopic expression of USP39 significantly enhanced in vitro cell proliferation and promoted in vivo tumor growth, whereas silencing USP39 suppressed growth of PC cells...
April 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Xianwen Yuan, Xitai Sun, Xiaolei Shi, Hao Wang, Guoyi Wu, Chunping Jiang, Decai Yu, Weiwei Zhang, Bin Xue, Yitao Ding
In the present study, we first examined the expression of USP39 protein using tissue array containing 90 colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues and 9 clinical samples, and observed that it has significantly higher expression in cancer tissues as compared to the corresponding adjacent normal tissues. Also, we tested USP39 expression level in four CRC cancer cell lines and identified that it indeed had higher expression in all these CRC cell lines. In addition, its knockdown inhibited not only the cell growth of SW480 and HT29 cells, but also the cell migration and invasion...
April 2017: Oncology Reports
Julia M Fraile, Eusebio Manchado, Amaia Lujambio, Víctor Quesada, Diana Campos-Iglesias, Thomas R Webb, Scott W Lowe, Carlos López-Otín, José M P Freije
KRAS is the most frequently mutated oncogene in human cancer, but its therapeutic targeting remains challenging. Here, we report a synthetic lethal screen with a library of deubiquitinases and identify USP39 , which encodes an essential splicing factor, as a critical gene for the viability of KRAS-dependent cells. We show that splicing fidelity inhibitors decrease preferentially the proliferation rate of KRAS-active cells. Moreover, depletion of DHX38 , encoding an USP39-interacting splicing factor, also reduces the viability of these cells...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Zhifeng Lin, Liwen Xiong, Qiang Lin
Lung cancer is the most frequent cancer in the world. Previous studies have shown that ubiquitin-specific protease 39 (USP39) is upregulated in several cancers and associated with tumor malignant characters. However, the effects of USP39 in lung cancer have not been well understood. In the present study, we found USP39 was generally expressed higher in human lung cancer tissues than in normal tissues by Oncomine database mining, qRT-PCR, and western blot assay. Knockdown of USP39 expression markedly reduced the proliferative and colony-forming ability of lung cancer cell lines 95D and A549...
November 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Yuan Zhao, Bo Zhang, Yu Lei, Jingying Sun, Yaohua Zhang, Sen Yang, Xuejun Zhang
The spliceosome machinery composed of multimeric protein complexes guides precursor messenger RNAs (mRNAs) (pre-mRNAs) splicing in eukaryotic cells. Spliceosome components have been shown to be downregulated in cancer and could be a promising molecular target for anticancer therapy. The ubiquitin-specific protease 39 (USP39) is essential for pre-mRNA splicing, and upregulated USP39 expression is noted in a variety of cancers. However, the role of USP39 in the development and progression of melanoma remains unclear...
October 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Xinbao Wang, Qiming Yu, Ling Huang, Pengfei Yu
Gastric cancer (GC) is the second most common cause of cancer-associated mortality worldwide. Ubiquitin-specific peptidase 39 (USP39) has important roles in mRNA processing and has been reported to be involved in the growth of breast cancer cells. However, the roles of USP39 in GC have remained to be investigated, which was the aim of the present study. A lentivirus expressing short hairpin RNA targeting USP39 was constructed and transfected into MGC80‑3 cells. Suppression of USP39 expression significantly decreased the proliferation and colony forming ability of MGC80‑3 cells as indicated by an MTT and a clonogenic assay, respectively...
July 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Yi Huang, Xiu-Wu Pan, Lin Li, Lu Chen, Xi Liu, Jian-Lei Lu, Xiao-Mei Zhu, Hai Huang, Qi-Wei Yang, Jian-Qing Ye, Si-Shun Gan, Lin-Hui Wang, Yi Hong, Dan-Feng Xu, Xin-Gang Cui
Castration resistance is a serious problem facing clinical treatment of prostate cancer (PCa). The underlying molecular mechanisms of acquired proliferation ability of tumor cells upon androgen deprivation are largely undetermined. In the present study, we identified that ubiquitin specific peptidase 39 (USP39) was significantly upregulated in PCa samples and cell lines. Elevated USP39 expression was positively correlated with Gleason score, predicted a poor outcome, and functioned as an independent risk factor for biochemical recurrence (BCR) especially in patients with a Gleason score ≤7...
April 19, 2016: Oncotarget
Ke-Yi Li, Jie Zhang, Li-Cheng Jiang, Bin Zhang, Chun-Peng Xia, Kai Xu, Hai-Ying Chen, Qiao-Zhi Yang, Shu-Wei Liu, Hong Zhu
BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a frequently diagnosed life-threatening oral cancer worldwide and has become one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality. However, the pathogenesis of this disease is very limited. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to investigate the functional relationship between OSCC and a potential tumor related gene ubiquitin-specific proteases 39 (USP39). METHODS: The lentivirus-based RNA interference was utilized to knock down USP39 expression in human OSCC CAL27 cells...
2016: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
Yong An, Shuwen Yang, Kai Guo, Ben Ma, Yu Wang
BACKGROUND: Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) constitutes approximately 5 % of all thyroid cancers and carries a worse prognosis than other differentiated thyroid cancers. Targeted therapies are being investigated for systemic treatment of MTC. Ubiquitin-specific peptidase 39 (USP39) functions in pre-mRNA splicing as a component of the U4/U6-U5 tri-snRNP and also participates in spindle checkpoint and cytokinesis. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the potential role in MTC. METHODS: We used lentivirus-delivered short hairpin RNA (shRNA) to silence USP39 expression in one MTC cell line TT...
2015: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Xianwen Yuan, Xitai Sun, Xiaolei Shi, Chunping Jiang, Decai Yu, Weiwei Zhang, Wenxian Guan, Jianxin Zhou, Yafu Wu, Yudong Qiu, Yitao Ding
Ubiquitin specific protease 39 (USP39) plays an important role in mRNA splicing. In the present study, we investigated the role of USP39 in regulating the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We detected USP39 expression in more than 100 HCC clinical samples. The USP39 expression was significantly higher in the tumor tissues compared to the adjacent normal tissues, and was strongly associated with the pathological grade of HCC. USP39 knockdown inhibited cell proliferation and colony formation in vitro in the HepG2 cells, while upregulation of USP39 promoted tumor cell growth...
August 2015: Oncology Reports
Zeya Pan, Hao Pan, Jin Zhang, Yun Yang, Hui Liu, Yuan Yang, Gang Huang, Junsheng Ni, Jian Huang, Weiping Zhou
BACKGROUND: Ubiquitin Specific Peptidase 39 (USP39) is a 65 kDa SR-related protein involved in RNA splicing. Previous studies showed that USP39 is related with tumorigenesis of human breast cancer cells. RESULTS: In the present study, we investigated the functions of USP39 in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell line SMMC-7721. We knocked down the expression of USP39 through lentivirus mediated RNA interference. The results of qRT-PCR and western blotting assay showed that both the mRNA and protein levels were suppressed efficiently after USP39 specific shRNA was delivered into SMMC-7721 cells...
March 19, 2015: Biological Research
Shihai Liu, Xiangping Liu, Haibo Wang, Quan Zhou, Ye Liang, Aihua Sui, Ruyong Yao, Bin Zhao, Ming Sun
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), characterized by distinct biological and clinicopathological features, has a poor prognosis due to lack of effective therapeutic targets. Our previous data revealed that high levels of USP39 were selectively present in TNBC samples compared with their normal breast tissue samples and USP39 was also expressed at different levels in cultured TNBC cells and normal breast cells. Yet, the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms of USP39 remain unclear. In the present study, we describe a doxycycline (DOX)-regulated lentiviral vector system expressing shRNA or cDNA of the USP39 gene in the TNBC cell line MDA-MB-231...
May 2015: Oncology Reports
Donghua Wen, Zhijian Xu, Li Xia, Xinyi Liu, Yaoyao Tu, Hu Lei, Weiwei Wang, Tongdan Wang, Lili Song, Chunmin Ma, Hanzhang Xu, Weiliang Zhu, Guoqiang Chen, Yingli Wu
Sentrin/SUMO (small ubiquitin-like modifier)-specific proteases (SENPs) have been implicated in the development of prostate cancer. However, due to the low abundance of SUMO-modified proteins and high activity of SENPs, the SUMO substrates affected by SENPs in prostate cancer cells are largely unknown. Here, we identified SI2, a novel cell-permeable SENP-specific inhibitor, by high-throughput screening. Using SI2 as a way of inhibiting the activity of SENPs and the SUMO stably transfected PC3 cells as a prostate cancer model, in combination with the stable isotope labeling with amino acids (SILAC) quantitative proteomic technique, we identified more than 900 putative target proteins of SUMO, in which 231 proteins were further subjected to bioinformatic analysis...
August 1, 2014: Journal of Proteome Research
E V Filatova, M I Shadrina, A Kh Alieva, A A Kolacheva, P A Slominsky, M V Ugrumov
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common severe neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by progressive degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) region of the brain. However, causes and mechanisms of the development of this disorder are still not fully understood. At the same time, it is well known that dysfunction of the ubiquitin-proteasome protein degradation system (UPPDS) is one of the major mechanisms of the pathogenesis of PD. In this study we have investigated alterations in expression of Uchl3, Ubr7, Ube3c, Usp19, Usp39, Ube2k, Ube2d3, Ube2m, Ube2g1 genes, which are directly involved in the functioning of the UPPDS, using the real-time PCR in mice with the MPTP-induced pre-symptomatic and early symptomatic stages of PD...
May 2014: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
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