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Pulmonary carcinosarcoma

Pratiksha Yadav, Vidhi Bakshi, Rajul Bhargava
Malignant Mixed Mullerian Tumours (MMMTs) or carcinosarcomas of uterus are rare aggressive tumours of mesenchymal origin. It is associated with high incidence of lymphatic, pulmonary and peritoneal metastasis. We hereby present two cases of mixed mullerian tumour. Case-1 was a 60-year-old post menopausal woman who had come with complaint of metrorrhagia and a protruding mass in the vagina. Case-2 was of a 54-year-old post-menopausal woman who came with complaints of heavy vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain since two months...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Lara Alessandrini, Francesco Sopracordevole, Giulio Bertola, Simona Scalone, Martina Urbani, Gianmaria Miolo, Tiziana Perin, Fabrizio Italia, Vincenzo Canzonieri
BACKGROUND: Endometrial stromal sarcomas arising in extrauterine and extraovarian sites, in the absence of a primary uterine lesion are quite rare, especially in the absence of endometriosis. They usually present as an abdominal or pelvic mass lesion. CASE PRESENTATION: In 2007, a 45-year-old woman underwent total hysterectomy for in situ squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix. In 2014, an upper left pulmonary lobectomy was performed for a mass, which was provisionally diagnosed as primary carcinosarcoma of the lung...
May 2, 2017: Diagnostic Pathology
Victor Srougi, Fabio P Gallucci, Romulo L Mattedi, Miguel Srougi
A young patient from central Africa presented acute renal insufficiency due to extrinsic compression of the distal ureters by a pelvic mass. After initial medical management, a biopsy revealed poorly differentiated bladder cancer and Schistosoma haematobium eggs embedded in the bladder wall. The initial workup showed evidence of locoregional disease. Radical cystectomy with an incontinent urinary diversion was performed with no complications. Carcinosarcoma of the bladder was diagnosed by pathological analysis of the surgical specimen...
March 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Xinru Chen, Yu Zhang, Jiabin Lu, Chunwei Xu, Jianzhong Liang, Fang Wang, Wenyong Sun, Sangao Fang, Jingping Yuan, Huijuan Wang, Hui Wang, Xuewen Liu, Likun Chen
PURPOSE: The incidence of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement in pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma (PSC) is controversial. In this study, we aimed to reveal the reliable frequency and the clinical-pathologic characteristics of pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma (PSC) with ALK rearrangement in Chinese population, and to provide insight into the translatability of anti-ALK treatment in this treatment-refractory disease. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry (IHC) using a Ventana anti-ALK (D5F3) rabbit monoclonal antibody was performed in 141 PSC specimens collected from multiple medical centers...
April 2017: Translational Oncology
Christian Roesel, Sarah Terjung, Gerhard Weinreich, Thomas Hager, Eleftherios Chalvatzoulis, Martin Metzenmacher, Stefan Welter
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma (PSC) is a rare histological subtype of non-small cell lung cancer and comprises a diagnostically and therapeutically challenging group of tumours. We explored the clinicopathological features and prognostic factors of this tumour. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of all patients who were treated for PSC in the Department of Thoracic Surgery between May 2005 and December 2014. Primary outcomes of interest were patient survival and prognostic factors...
March 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Kantaro Hara, Nobuhiro Izumi, Takuma Tsukioka, Hiroaki Komatsu, Satoshi Okada, Michihito Toda, Ryuichi Ito, Toshihiko Shibata, Noritoshi Nishiyama
A 36-year-old Chinese woman was referred to our hospital for further examination of an abnormal shadow on chest X-ray. Chest computed tomography(CT) revealed a 5 mm circular nodule in diameter in right lung S3 and a 32 mm mass in diameter in right lung S7. The S7 mass showed an abnormal accumulation of SUVmax=4.0 on positron emission tomography( PET)-CT. Transbronchial biopsy was performed, but failed to rule out possible malignancy. Differential diagnoses were multiple lung benign tumor, multiple lung metastases from unknown primary cancer, malignant lymphoma or primary lung cancer, and so on...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Masafumi Yamaguchi, Makoto Edagawa, Yuzo Suzuki, Ryo Toyozawa, Fumihiko Hirai, Kaname Nosaki, Takashi Seto, Mitsuhiro Takenoyama, Yukito Ichinose
BACKGROUND: We wanted to assess the efficacy of curative intent pulmonary resection for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with synchronous M1b-distant metastases in a single organ or lesion. METHODS: Between 1995 and 2015, 23 consecutive synchronous M1b-cStage IV NSCLC patients who underwent any treatment for metastases and curative intent pulmonary resection were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Sixteen patients were men and 7 were women, with a median age of 56 years (range: 41 to 76 years)...
May 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Nobukata Kazawa, Yuta Shibamoto, Yukiya Kitabayashi, Yumi Ishihara, Taeko Gotoh, Yuusuke Sawada, Ryo Inukai, Takashi Tsujimura, Hideo Hattori, Akio Niimi, Ryoichi Nakanishi, Masanori Kitaichi
A 71-year-old man presented with hemothorax with cough, sputa and worsening dyspnea. On chest X-ray and computed tomography(CT), a huge tumor in the right upper lobe with hematoma and small amount of gas suggesting hemopneumothorax was revealed. No apparent lymphadenopathy nor intrapulmonary metastases were observed. The tumor showed a little enhancement on the contrastenhanced CT. Then the resction of the tumor was performed, and the pathological evaluation revealed a carcionosarcoma (adenocarcinoma+osteosarcoma) pT3N0 (stage II B) G4 pl2...
November 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
J A Ramos-Vara, C B Frank, D DuSold, M A Miller
Expression of thyroid transcription factor (TTF)-1 corroborates a thyroid origin of neoplasms. Thyroglobulin and calcitonin immunohistochemistry (IHC) can distinguish between a follicular and C-cell origin of thyroid tumours, respectively. Pax8 (expressed by normal canine thyroid follicular cells) and napsin A (expressed mainly by C-cells) labelling was compared with labelling for TTF-1, thyroglobulin and calcitonin in 114 canine proliferative thyroid lesions. All 81 follicular tumours expressed thyroglobulin and were negative for calcitonin; 79/81 (98%) of these tumours expressed TTF-1 and Pax8 and 60/81 (74%) expressed napsin A...
November 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
R M Bohle, P A Schnabel
In comparison with other tumor entities there is no common generally accepted grading system for lung cancer with clearly defined criteria and clinical relevance. In the recent fourth edition of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification from 2015 of tumors of the lungs, pleura, thymus and heart, there is no generally applicable grading for pulmonary adenocarcinomas, squamous cell carcinomas or rarer forms of carcinoma. Since the new IASLC/ATS/ERS classification of adenocarcinomas published in 2011, 5 different subtypes with significantly different prognosis are proposed...
July 2016: Der Pathologe
Angelique M Leone, Graham J Crawshaw, Michael M Garner, Salvatore Frasca, Iga Stasiak, Karrie Rose, Dan Neal, Lisa L Farina
Egyptian fruit bats (Rousettus aegyptiacus) are one of many species within zoologic collections that frequently develop iron storage disease. The goals of this retrospective multi-institutional study were to determine the tissue distribution of iron storage in captive adult Egyptian fruit bats and the incidence of intercurrent neoplasia and infection, which may be directly or indirectly related to iron overload. Tissue sections from 83 adult Egyptian fruit bats were histologically evaluated by using tissue sections stained with hematoxylin and eosin, trichrome, and Prussian blue techniques...
March 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Nikolaos Panagiotopoulos, Davide Patrini, Benjamin Adams, Jonathan Pararajasingham, Rajeev Shukla, Elaine Borg, Martin Hayward, David Lawrence
Pulmonary carcinosarcoma represents a category of extremely rare tumours accounting for 0.1% of all lung malignancies. It is defined as a poorly differentiated non-small-cell carcinoma that contains a component of sarcoma or sarcoma-like elements. These biphasic tumours typically have a poor prognosis due to late diagnosis and early metastases. Preoperative tissue diagnosis is usually difficult due to the heterogeneity of the tumour, with biopsies often just reflecting one element of the tumour. By means of a case illustration and review of the literature, we discuss the optimal management of patients with pulmonary carcinosarcoma...
2016: Case Reports in Pulmonology
Martine Antoine, Thibault Vieira, Vincent Fallet, Cécile Hamard, Michael Duruisseaux, Jacques Cadranel, Marie Wislez
Pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinomas are a rare group of tumors accounting for about one percent of non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). In 2015, the World Health Organization classification united under this name all the carcinomas with sarcomatous-like component with spindle cell or giant cell appearance, or associated with a sarcomatous component sometimes heterologous. There are five subtypes: pleomorphic carcinoma, spindle cell carcinoma, giant cell carcinoma, carcinosarcoma and pulmonary blastoma. Clinical characteristics are not specific from the other subtypes of NSCLC...
January 2016: Annales de Pathologie
Linping Gu, Yunhua Xu, Zhiwei Chen, Yan Pan, Shun Lu
OBJECTIVES: To collect data on the clinical characteristics, pathologic presentation, and prognosis of patients with pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma. METHODS: From September 24, 2008 to June 3, 2014, 95 patients were hospitalized at the Shanghai Chest Hospital for the treatment of pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma. We retrospectively collected patient gender, age, smoking history, time of initial diagnosis, diagnostic methods, tumor location, pathohistological subtype, tumor size, TNM stage, immunohistochemical results, subsequent treatments, and patient survival...
December 2015: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Ye-qi Sun, Peng Chen, Qiang Zhao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
Y Takemoto, T Ota, Y Aoki, K Ogura, D Ogishima, T Matsumoto
The authors report a case of carcinosarcoma (CS) of the fimbria of the fallopian tube in which carcinoma cells disappeared with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). A 74-year-old woman visited the present hospital with a large pelvic mass and pleural effusion. A magnetic resonance image of the tumor was highly suggestive of ovarian carcinoma. Due to the presence of both serous.adenocarcinoma cells in pleural effusion and pulmonary thrombosis, the patient was given NAC consisting of carboplatin plus paclitaxel (TC) and anticoagulant therapy with warfarin potassium...
2015: European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology
Filippo Lococo, Fabrizio Luppi, Stefania Cerri, Gloria Montanari, Alessandro Stefani, Giulio Rossi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Lung
Xiao-Ming Zhou, Peng Li, Li Zhao, Wen-Jun Shi
Tracheobronchial aspergillosis is a form of invasive aspergillosis limited to the airways. Its presence usually indicates an immunocompromised status or local dysfunction of airway immunity. We herein report a case of lung carcinosarcoma masked by tracheobronchial aspergillosis and discuss the clinical manifestations, diagnostic procedures and treatment of such cases. Tracheobronchial aspergillosis may also mask endobronchial carcinoma, leading to difficulties in determining the diagnosis and selecting subsequent treatment...
2015: Internal Medicine
Angela Romano, Michele Grassia, Amalia Rosaria Rita Rossetti, Giuseppe Esposito, Bartolomeo Braccio, Modestino Pezzella, Francesco Torelli, Giuseppe Izzo, Roberto Alfano, Natale Di Martino
INTRODUCTION: Sarcomatoid carcinoma is an extremely rare, biphasic tumor characterized by a combination of malignant epithelial and mesenchymal cells. Limited data showed that most cases occurred with advanced local disease and metastasis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a rare case of a 60-year-old man with three small intestinal intussusceptions due to metastatic pulmonary carcinosarcoma. He was explored for chest pain and hemoptysis in Emergency room. Due to his chest symptoms he had a computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest which showed a lesion about 60mm in diameter in the inferior lobe of the left lung...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Emna Braham, Houda Ben Rejeb, Samira Aouadi, Tarek Kilani, Faouzi El Mezni
Carcinosarcoma is an uncommon malignant biphasic tumor that accounts for less than 1% of all lung cancers. It is defined by coexisting histologic elements of carcinomatous and sarcomatous components. We report two cases of carcinosarcoma in a 68-year-old patient and a 78-year-old patient explored for lung masses. Macroscopically, the resected tumors were 7 and 10 cm in diameter. Histologically, they consisted in adenosquamous carcinoma with osteosarcoma in one case and adenocarcinoma with chondrosarcoma in the other case...
April 2014: Annals of Translational Medicine
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