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Plastic surgery infection

Kerry A Morrison, James C Lee, Mark M Souweidane, Neil A Feldstein, Jeffrey A Ascherman
BACKGROUND: Surgical intervention during infancy for both syndromic and nonsyndromic patients with craniosynostosis remains the criterion standard of treatment with the 2 main options being open vault remodeling versus minimally invasive surgery. Although open cranial vault remodeling was initially considered a high-risk procedure, many advances have improved its safety. Despite this, there is a paucity of literature on the long-term outcomes of contemporary open craniosynostosis repair...
March 13, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
A Llobet, N Nieto, A Damecourt, S Galmiche, M de Boutray
INTRODUCTION: The omental free flap is an effective tool for craniofacial reconstruction. However it is generally under-utilised by a large number of practitioners. This paper's goal is to increase awareness of this free flap's accessibility and to demonstrate that it can be an attractive option for reconstructive surgery. CLINICAL REPORT: This article outlines the details of a 57-year-old patient who required coverage of a fronto-parietal wound with dura mater exposure...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Farhan Ahmed Eitezaz, Mamoon Rashid, Shumaila Yousaf, Ishtiaq -Ur-Rehman, Samia Fatima, Mehreen Masud, Aamna Sanober, Adeela Hussain Khan, Haroon Ur Rashid
BACKGROUND: Maxilla is perhaps the most essential and visible part of the mid-face. It is a threedimensional structure and when reconstructing maxillectomy defects the principles of aesthetics as well as the best functional outcomes are taken into account. The aim of this study is to compare the Anterolateral Thigh Flap (ALTF) to the standard option like the Rectus Abdominis Free Flap (RAMFF) for the reconstruction of complex maxillary defects. METHODS: This descriptive case series was conducted at the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shifa International Hospital Islamabad, Pakistan from 2009 to 2016...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Motone Kuriyama, Yukitaka Yoshida, Hitoshi Ninomiya, Shin Yamamoto, Shiro Sasaguri, Shinsuke Akita, Nobuyuki Mitsukawa
BACKGROUND: Poststernotomy deep sternal wound infections are persistent and occasionally fatal, especially in cases involving prosthetic grafts, because of their complicated structure and virtual impossibility of removal. We aimed to verify the influence of cooperation with plastic surgeons and our novel strategy for treating deep sternal wound infection after aortic replacement on cardiovascular surgery outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Nine hundred eighty-three consecutive patients were divided into two groups: an early group (2012-2013) and a late group (2014-2015)...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Ahmet Ali Tuncer, Elif Emel Ayar Erten
Objective: In this study, thermocautery, plastic clamping, and conventional (open surgical) circumcision techniques were compared in terms of their complications. Methods: Male patients who underwent circumcisions between May 2014 and May 2015 in two separate pediatric surgery clinics were retrospectively analyzed using the hospital registry system. These patients were evaluated in terms of age, accompanying pathologies, anesthesia techniques, complication rates, duration of surgery, and circumcision techniques...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Abhishek Jairam, Ping Song, Nirav B Patel, Michael S Wong
BACKGROUND: The National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel estimates pressure sore care to approach $11 billion annually. It is not uncommon for these patients to present to the emergency department (ED) with a chief concern of a pressure sore, while concurrently carrying an undiagnosed infectious process that is the culprit for the acute presentation, rather than the chronic pressure injury. We aim to identify patients who met systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria at ED presentation who were referred to plastic and reconstructive surgery for pressure sore debridement prior to a complete medical workup...
February 27, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Bok Ki Jung, In Sik Yun, Young Seok Kim, Tai Suk Roh
INTRODUCTION: Augmentation mammoplasty is one of the most popular aesthetic operations in the world. In Korea, one of the fillers used for breast augmentation is AQUAfilling® gel (Biomedica. spol, s,r,o, Czech Republic). AQUAfilling® gel is a hydrophilic gel composed of 98% sodium chloride solution (0.9%) and 2% cation copolyamide. METHODS: This is a case report describing a patient that suffered complications after AQUAfilling® gel injection for breast augmentation...
February 27, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Senthurun Mylvaganam, Elizabeth J Conroy, Paula R Williamson, Nicola L P Barnes, Ramsey I Cutress, Matthew D Gardiner, Abhilash Jain, Joanna M Skillman, Steven Thrush, Lisa J Whisker, Jane M Blazeby, Shelley Potter, Christopher Holcombe
INTRODUCTION: The 2008 National Mastectomy and Breast Reconstruction Audit demonstrated marked variation in the practice and outcomes of breast reconstruction in the UK. To standardise practice and improve outcomes for patients, the British professional associations developed best-practice guidelines with specific guidance for newer mesh-assisted implant-based techniques. We explored the degree of uptake of best-practice guidelines within units performing implant-based reconstruction (IBBR) as the first phase of the implant Breast Reconstruction Evaluation (iBRA) study...
February 7, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Ulrich Steger, Markus Bisping, Jennifer Urban, Thorsten Vowinkel, Aloys Wiesmann, Jonathan Ryll
BACKGROUND: Whereas international guidelines recommend day surgery for endoscopic inguinal hernia repair, this approach is still controversial in Germany. In the light of international guidelines and at the request of patients, we have established total extraperitoneal patch plastic (TEP) surgery in the outpatient setting in our hospital. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all unilateral TEP procedures carried out between January 2013 and December 2015 in our outpatient surgery, focused on postoperative complications, conversion to admission and rate of recurrence...
February 22, 2018: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
Yifei Gu, Wenxin Yu, Yunbo Jin, Hui Chen, Gang Ma, Shih-Jen Chang, Xiaoxi Lin
Importance: Expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) is a widely used alloplast, but studies of augmentation of the nasal tip and nasal dorsum with ePTFE are lacking. Objective: To investigate whether attaching the conchal cartilage as shield grafts at the distal end of the graft can prevent extrusion and whether the use of ePTFE in the nasal tip can achieve a stable aesthetic outcome. Design, Setting, and Participants: A randomized clinical trial was performed from April 1, 2006, to October 31, 2008...
February 22, 2018: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Hadley Burns, J Stephen Gunn, Saeed Chowdhry, Thomas Lee, Steven Schulz, Bradon J Wilhelmi
Objective: This paper discusses the various surgical techniques and outcomes associated with management of buried penis syndrome. Methods: Presented is the case of a 49-year-old man with morbid obesity, leading to massive panniculus and buried penis. We review our technique for reconstruction of the buried penis and treatment of the overlying large panniculus. Literature search was conducted to review current techniques in correcting buried penis syndrome. Results: The patient underwent a successful panniculectomy with removal of all excess skin and tissue...
2018: Eplasty
Vasileios Theocharidis, Ioannis Katsaros, Emmanouil Sgouromallis, Nikolaos Serifis, Vasileios Boikou, Sotirios Tasigiorgos, George Kokosis, Konstantinos P Economopoulos
BACKGROUND: Smoking is considered to be a significant risk factor for the development of postoperative complications after various surgical procedures, mainly by limiting oxygen delivery to tissues. Evidence on the collective impact of smoking in aesthetic procedure outcomes is scarce. The aim of this study is to evaluate the current evidence on the association between smoking and postoperative outcomes in patients who underwent common elective procedures in plastic surgery. METHODS: PubMed and Cochrane bibliographical databases were searched from January 1950 to October 2016 for studies reporting on patients who underwent facelift, abdominoplasty, breast reduction and breast reconstruction and for studies with included data on smoking history of treated patients...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Luis-Antonio Aguirre-Zorzano, Ana M García-De La Fuente, Ruth Estefanía-Fresco, Xabier Marichalar-Mendía
Background: Connective tissue graft (CTG) is considered as the gold standard for the treatment of gingival recessions (GR). There are few studies assessing the complications that can arise in the donor site when harvesting a connective tissue graft (CTG) and how the harvesting technique can influence those complications. Material and Methods: A retrospective clinical study was carried out in order to compare the complications observed in 40 patients with Miller class I, II and III GR ≥ 3 mm, after using the trap-door technique (TD) in the control group and a newly described technique, the "UPV/EHU technique", in the test group...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Xinli Li, William Nylander, Tracy Smith, Soonhee Han, William Gunnar
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) complicates approximately 2% of surgeries in the Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals. Surgical site infections are responsible for increased morbidity, length of hospital stay, cost, and mortality. Surgical site infection can be minimized by modifying risk factors. In this study, we identified risk factors and developed accurate predictive surgical specialty-specific SSI risk prediction models for the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) surgery population...
February 1, 2018: Surgical Infections
Andrew D Linkugel, Elizabeth B Odom, Rebecca A Bavolek, Alison K Snyder-Warwick, Kamlesh B Patel
Mandible fractures are the most common result of facial trauma. The proximity of oral flora to the site of both the injury and resulting surgical instrumentation makes managing infection a unique challenge. The benefit of antibiotic prophylaxis at the time of surgical treatment of mandible fractures is well established. However, the routine use of antibiotics between the time of injury and surgery is of unclear benefit. We aim to define the role of antibiotics in the preoperative period: from the time of injury to surgical intervention...
March 2018: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
Kamal Seyed-Forootan, Hamid Karimi, Nazilla-Sadat Seyed-Forootan
BACKGROUND: Plastic surgeons have used several methods for the construction of neo-vaginas, including the utilization of penile skin, free skin grafts, small bowel or recto-sigmoid grafts, an amnion graft, and cultured cells. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to compare the results of amnion grafts with amnion seeded with autograft fibroblasts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over 8 years, we compared the results of 24 male-to-female transsexual patients retrospectively based on their complications and levels of satisfaction...
January 30, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Benjamin Beger, Friederike von Loewenich, Elisabeth Goetze, Maximilian Moergel, Christian Walter
Medical leeches ( Hirudo medicinalis ) in plastic and reconstructive surgery are often used for the treatment of vascular failure after microvascular surgery. Leeches are a reservoir for bacteria of the Aeromonas group that help digesting the blood meal. In some cases these bacteria are able to cause severe wound infections that can lead to loss of tissue transplants. We report about a patient with a common microvascular forearm flap after resection of an oral squamous cell carcinoma which got infected by Aeromonas spp...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Robert Svensson-Björk, Julien Hasselmann, Stefan Acosta
PURPOSE OF THE INVESTIGATION: Scar formation is an important, permanent surrogate marker for wound healing. The main aim of this randomized trial was to evaluate the effects of incisional negative pressure wound therapy (iNPWT) on scar formation in uncomplicated wound healing with 3-dimensional (3D) digital imaging. BASIC PROCEDURES: Patients undergoing bilateral inguinal incisions after vascular surgery were randomized to receive iNPWT and standard dressing on separate sides...
January 30, 2018: Wound Repair and Regeneration
Mark M Leyngold
BACKGROUND: Pedicled transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap was developed by Hartrampf in 1982 for breast reconstruction. Since deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap was popularized, it has become the criterion standard for abdominally based breast reconstruction owing to its low donor site morbidity, excellent cosmetic outcomes, and high success rates. The purpose of this review is to determine if a unilateral pedicle TRAM flap has become obsolete to DIEP flap...
January 24, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Ümran Muslu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to make a bibliometric analysis of the studies on breast reduction (BR) between the years 1980 and 2016 and identify important studies through trend topics as well as active authors, countries, universities, scientific journals, and citation and co-citation analyses about BR. BACKGROUND: Although BR looks like one of the cosmetic surgeries performed in order to restore the woman's appearance, in fact it is a reconstructive surgery that eliminates back pain, stance disorder, headache, shoulder pain, back and cervical disk hernia, difficulty in breathing, hollowness caused by bra straps, hygiene problems under breasts (e...
January 19, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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