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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717369/association-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-sleep-apnea-in-patients-referred-to-sleep-laboratory
#1
Farzin Ghiasi, Babak Amra, Vahid Sebghatollahi, Fatemeh Azimian
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is assumed as one of the most frequent gastrointestinal disorders, which decreases the patient's quality of life. IBS pathogenesis, however, is not clearly defined. It seems that sleep apnea induces or escalates IBS clinical symptoms. This study aims at evaluating of IBS prevalence in patients, who are afflicted or are not afflicted with sleep apnea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a case-control study, which was implemented in a sleep laboratory located in Isfahan, Iran...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710676/hypertriglyceridemia-an-underestimated-cardiovascular-risk-factor-an-epidemiological-study-of-the-rome-area
#2
Roberto Volpe, Giulio Nati, Alberto Chiriatti, Massimo Sabatini, Fabio Valente
INTRODUCTION: Hypertriglyceridemia (triglycerides ≥200 mg/dL) is a major cardiovascular risk factor. Despite the high incidence of this condition in the Italian population, epidemiological information remains limited. AIM: To analyze a large database of clinical charts from general practitioners in the Rome area of Italy. METHODS: In this study, the DATAMEG database of patients treated in the Rome area between 2000 and 2015 was analyzed...
July 14, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707297/functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-from-low-socio-economic-status-and-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#3
F Jaime, A Villagrán, C Hernández, M Ortiz, C Serrano, P R Harris
BACKGROUND: Most studies on functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children are based on data from the northern hemisphere. Scientific reports are arising in South American population, but little is still known about children from low socio-economic status (SES), where Helicobacter pylori infection is endemic. Our objective was to evaluate the prevalence of FGIDs in school children from low SES and its relationship with H. pylori infection. METHODS: Children from 3 public schools of low SES from Santiago de Chile were included...
July 14, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705783/correction-of-abdominal-distension-by-biofeedback-guided-control-of-abdomino-thoracic-muscular-activity-in-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#4
Elizabeth Barba, Anna Accarino, Fernando Azpiroz
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Abdominal distension is produced by abnormal somatic postural tone; we developed an original biofeedback technique based on electromyography-guided control of abdomino-thoracic muscular activity. We performed a randomized, placebo-controlled study demonstrate the superiority of biofeedback to placebo for the treatment of abdominal distension. METHODS: At a referral center in Spain, we enrolled consecutive patients with visible abdominal distension who fulfilled the Rome III criteria for functional intestinal disorders (47 women, 1 man; 21-74 yrs old); 2 patients assigned to the placebo group withdrew and 2 patients assigned to biofeedback were not valid for analysis...
July 10, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691675/incidental-thyroid-carcinomas-a-retrospective-study
#5
A Maturo, L Tromba, L De Anna, G Carbotta, G Livadoti, C Donello, F Falbo, G Galiffa, Antonella Esposito, A Biancucci, S Carbotta
AIM: The aim of the present study is to report our series of incidental thyroid carcinomas in the last 15 years and their follow-up, discussing therapeutics indications and surgical choices. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We have considered 1793 patients operated on Surgical Sciences Department of "Sapienza" University of Rome from January 1, 2001 to December 31, 2015. The study was conducted on 83 totally thyroidectomized patients with a real incidental thyroid carcinoma, by clinical, laboratory and instrumental controls...
March 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688919/haploidentical-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-with-post-transplant-cyclophosphamide-and-peripheral-blood-stem-cell-grafts-in-older-adults-with-aml-or-mds
#6
Michael Slade, John F DiPersio, Peter Westervelt, Ravi Vij, Mark A Schroeder, Rizwan Romee
Many hematologic malignancies are diseases of aging and the use of hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) is growing rapidly among older adults. Modern post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) protocols with haploidentical (haplo) donors have dramatically expanded the donor pool for patients requiring HCT. Initial studies were performed with bone marrow grafts, which require the donor to undergo anesthesia during harvest. However, the use of mobilized peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) may be desirable, especially with older donors...
July 5, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687117/-relapse-after-rhabdomyosarcoma-in-childhood-and-adolescence-impact-of-an-early-detection-on-survival
#7
Coralie Mallebranche, Matthieu Carton, Véronique Minard-Colin, Anne-Sophie Desfachelle, Angélique Rome, Hervé J Brisse, Véronique Mosseri, Estelle Thébaud, Isabelle Pellier, Hélène Boutroux, Virginie Gandemer, Nadège Corradini, Daniel Orbach
SUBJECT: Prognostic values of an early detection of a relapse after treatment of a localized rhabdomyosarcoma and the interest of performing systematic radiologic assessment after treatment have not yet been evaluated in Europe. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Modalities of relapse of 99 patients under 20 years of age, after an initially localized rhabdomyosarcoma, treated in 9 French centers ("Société française des cancers de l'enfant" consortium) have been analyzed...
July 4, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657539/analysis-of-temporal-variability-in-the-short-term-effects-of-ambient-air-pollutants-on-nonaccidental-mortality-in-rome-italy-1998-2014
#8
Matteo Renzi, Massimo Stafoggia, Annunziata Faustini, Giulia Cesaroni, Giorgio Cattani, Francesco Forastiere
OBJECTIVES: The association between short-term air pollution exposure and daily mortality has been widely investigated, but little is known about the temporal variability of the effect estimates. We examined the temporal relationship between exposure to particulate matter (PM) (, ) and gases (, , and CO) with mortality in a large metropolitan area over the last 17 y. METHODS: Our analysis included 359,447 nonaccidental deaths among -old individuals in Rome, Italy, over the study period 1998-2014...
June 28, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656703/examination-of-competing-diagnostic-models-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-related-to-pain-in-children
#9
J V Schurman, B T Karazsia, C A Friesen
BACKGROUND: There have been no empirical validations of the Rome III or Rome IV criteria in children. The aim of the current study was to examine whether symptoms naturally occur in a pattern consistent with Rome III and/or Rome IV pediatric criteria for functional dyspepsia (FD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 250 children, ages 8-17 years, presenting to an abdominal pain clinic with pain of at least 8 weeks duration...
June 28, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644773/mobilized-peripheral-blood-stem-cells-versus-unstimulated-bone-marrow-as-a-graft-source-for-t-cell-replete-haploidentical-donor-transplantation-using-post-transplant-cyclophosphamide
#10
Asad Bashey, Mei-Jie Zhang, Shannon R McCurdy, Andrew St Martin, Trevor Argall, Claudio Anasetti, Stefan O Ciurea, Omotayo Fasan, Sameh Gaballa, Mehdi Hamadani, Pashna Munshi, Monzr M Al Malki, Ryotaro Nakamura, Paul V O'Donnell, Miguel-Angel Perales, Kavita Raj, Rizwan Romee, Scott Rowley, Vanderson Rocha, Rachel B Salit, Melhem Solh, Robert J Soiffer, Ephraim Joseph Fuchs, Mary Eapen
Purpose T-cell-replete HLA-haploidentical donor hematopoietic transplantation using post-transplant cyclophosphamide was originally described using bone marrow (BM). With increasing use of mobilized peripheral blood (PB), we compared transplant outcomes after PB and BM transplants. Patients and Methods A total of 681 patients with hematologic malignancy who underwent transplantation in the United States between 2009 and 2014 received BM (n = 481) or PB (n = 190) grafts. Cox regression models were built to examine differences in transplant outcomes by graft type, adjusting for patient, disease, and transplant characteristics...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638232/epidemiology-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#11
Alexandre Canon Boronat, Ana Paula Ferreira-Maia, Alicia Matijasevich, Yuan-Pang Wang
AIM: To assess the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children and adolescents. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and Scopus databases were searched for original articles from inception to September 2016. The literature search was made in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations. For inclusion, each study had to report epidemiological data on FGIDs in children between 4 and 18 years old and contain standardized outcome based on Rome II, III or IV criteria...
June 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634136/tongxie-formula-reduces-symptoms-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#12
Heng Fan, Liang Zheng, Yaoliang Lai, Weimin Lu, Zhixiang Yan, Qi Xiao, Baiwen Li, Min Tang, Dawei Huang, Yuanyuan Wang, Zhen Li, Yuwei Mei, Zhengyan Jiang, Xingxing Liu, Qing Tang, Dongmei Zuo, Jingyi Ye, Yongqiang Yang, Huisuo Huang, Zongxiang Tang, Jun Xiao
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most common chronic gastrointestinal disorder, yet few drugs are effective in reducing symptoms. Approximately 50% of patients with IBS attempt herbal therapy at least once. We performed a randomized controlled trial to compare the efficacy of the herb formulation tongxie vs placebo or pinaverium (an antispasmodic agent) in reducing symptoms of IBS. METHODS: We performed a trial of 1044 adult patients with IBS (based on Rome III criteria) at 5 hospitals in China, from August 2012 through January 2015...
June 17, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632149/association-between-air-pollution-and-emergency-room-visits-for-atrial-fibrillation
#13
Angelo G Solimini, Matteo Renzi
Despite the large prevalence in the population, possible factors responsible for the induction of atrial fibrillation (AF) events in susceptible individuals remain incompletely understood. We investigated the association between air pollution levels and emergency department admissions for AF in Rome. We conducted a 14 years' time-series study to evaluate the association between the daily levels of air pollution (particulate matter, PM10 and PM2.5, and nitrogen dioxide, NO₂) and the daily count of emergency accesses for AF (ICD-9 code: 427...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629608/laparotomy-and-intraoperative-enteroscopy-for-obscure-gastrointestinal-bleeding-before-and-after-the-era-of-video-capsule-endoscopy-and-deep-enteroscopy-a-tertiary-center-experience
#14
Wuttiporn Manatsathit, Usah Khrucharoen, Dennis M Jensen, O Joe Hines, Thomas Kovacs, Gordon Ohning, Rome Jutabha, Kevin Ghassemi, Gareth S Dulai, Gustavo Machicado
BACKGROUND: To evaluate roles of intraoperative endoscopy (IOE) in management of severe obscure GI bleeding (OGIB) before vs. after introduction of video capsule endoscopy (VCE) and deep enteroscopy (DE). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed prospectively collected data of patients undergoing IOE for severe OGIB in a tertiary referral center. RESULTS: 52 patients had laparotomy/IOE for OGIB, 11 pre and 41 post VCE/DE eras. In the pre VCE/DE era, 36...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628918/bifidobacterium-rich-fecal-donor-may-be-a-positive-predictor-for-successful-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#15
Shinta Mizuno, Tatsuhiro Masaoka, Makoto Naganuma, Taishiro Kishimoto, Momoko Kitazawa, Shunya Kurokawa, Moeko Nakashima, Kozue Takeshita, Wataru Suda, Masaru Mimura, Masahira Hattori, Takanori Kanai
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dysbiosis is associated with various systemic disorders including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) might restore intestinal microbial balance. The study aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of FMT in IBS patients, as well as also positive predictors for FMT. METHODS: This was a single-arm, open-label study. Eligible patients were diagnosed based on Rome III Diagnostic Criteria. Fecal materials were administered to the patient via colonoscopy...
June 21, 2017: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625832/diet-low-in-fodmaps-reduces-symptoms-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-probiotic-restores-bifidobacterium-species-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
H M Staudacher, M C E Lomer, F M Farquharson, P Louis, F Fava, E Franciosi, M Scholz, K M Tuohy, J O Lindsay, P M Irving, K Whelan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dietary restriction of fermentable carbohydrates (a low FODMAP diet) has been reported to reduce symptoms in some patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We performed a randomized, placebo-controlled study to determine its effects on symptoms and the fecal microbiota in patients with IBS. METHODS: We performed a 2x2 factorial trial of 104 patients with IBS (18-65 years old), based on the Rome III criteria, at 2 hospitals in the United Kingdom...
June 15, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624984/the-senhance%C3%A2-surgical-robotic-system-senhance-for-total-hysterectomy-in-obese-patients-a-pilot-study
#17
Salvatore Gueli Alletti, C Rossitto, S Cianci, E Perrone, S Pizzacalla, G Monterossi, G Vizzielli, S Gidaro, G Scambia
This pilot study was aimed to value the feasibility and safety of Senhance Robotic Platform for hysterectomy in obese patients. Ten obese patients (30 < BMI < 40) underwent elective Senhance total extrafascial hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy at the Division of Gynecologic Oncology of "Policlinico A. Gemelli" Foundation, Rome, Italy. Perioperative and postoperative outcomes data were recorded. The median age was 60 years (range 51-75) and the median BMI was 33.3 kg/m(2) (range 30...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609199/smoking-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#18
Laura Sirri, Silvana Grandi, Eliana Tossani
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to examine (1) the prevalence of smoking in subjects with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), (2) whether smoking prevalence significantly differs between subjects with and without IBS, and (3) whether smoking significantly predicts the presence or the development of IBS. METHODS: Articles were retrieved by systematically searching the Scopus, Web of Science, and PubMed electronic databases from inception to July 2016, using the keywords "smoking" and "tobacco" combined with "irritable bowel syndrome...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589184/a-new-approach-in-bowel-preparation-before-colonoscopy-in-patients-with-constipation-a-prospective-randomized-investigator-blinded-trial
#19
Murat Yıldar, İsmail Yaman, Murat Başbuğ, Faruk Çavdar, Hasan Topfedaisi, Hayrullah Derici
OBJECTIVE: Enema administration in the morning of routine colonoscopy is known to be useless. However, the potential bowel cleansing effects of distal colon emptying with enema prior to purgatives are not known. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of enema use before purgatives in preparation for colonoscopy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred twenty-seven patients were randomly assigned into three groups; enema before purgative use, enema after purgative use, and no enema...
2017: Turk J Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587796/effect-of-hospitalization-on-percent-median-body-mass-index-at-one%C3%A2-year-in-underweight-youth-with-restrictive-eating-disorders
#20
Cynthia J Kapphahn, Dionne A Graham, Elizabeth R Woods, Rebecca Hehn, Kathleen A Mammel, Sara F Forman, Martin Fisher, Kelly A Robinson, Ellen S Rome, Albert Hergenroeder, Neville H Golden
PURPOSE: Data from low-weight patients with restrictive eating disorders (EDs) treated in outpatient adolescent medicine-based ED treatment programs were analyzed to determine whether there was an association between hospitalization and gain to at least 90% median body mass index (mBMI) at 1-year follow-up. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected for 322 low-weight (<85% mBMI at intake) patients aged 9-21 years, who presented with restrictive EDs to 14 adolescent medicine-based ED programs in 2010...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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