keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Adrenal Glands AND Nutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781326/organ-weights-and-ratios-for-postmortem-identification-of-fetal-growth-restriction-utility-and-confounding-factors
#1
J Man, J C Hutchinson, M Ashworth, I Jeffrey, A E Heazell, N J Sebire
OBJECTIVES: The postmortem fetal brain:liver weight ratio is commonly used as a marker of nutrition for diagnosis of fetal growth restriction (FGR). However, there are limited data regarding the effects of intrauterine retention, fetal maceration and postmortem interval on organ weights and their ratios at autopsy. Our aims were to examine the relationships between gestational-age-adjusted and sex-adjusted fetal organ weights at autopsy, cause of intrauterine death and effects of intrauterine retention, and to determine whether the brain:liver weight ratio is a reliable marker of FGR in intrauterine death...
October 25, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770020/early-micronutrient-supplementation-protects-against-early-stress-induced-cognitive-impairments
#2
Eva F G Naninck, J Efraim Oosterink, Kit-Yi Yam, Lennart P de Vries, Henk Schierbeek, Johannes B van Goudoever, Rikst-Nynke Verkaik-Schakel, Josèe A Plantinga, Torsten Plosch, Paul J Lucassen, Aniko Korosi
Early-life stress (ES) impairs cognition later in life. Because ES prevention is problematic, intervention is needed, yet the mechanisms that underlie ES remain largely unknown. So far, the role of early nutrition in brain programming has been largely ignored. Here, we demonstrate that essential 1-carbon metabolism-associated micronutrients (1-CMAMs; i.e., methionine and B vitamins) early in life are crucial in programming later cognition by ES. ES was induced in male C57Bl/6 mice from postnatal d (P)2-9. 1-CMAM levels were measured centrally and peripherally by using liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy...
October 21, 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26525425/normal-cortisol-response-to-cold-pressor-test-but-lower-free-thyroxine-after-recovery-from-undernutrition
#3
Vinicius J B Martins, Andrea P O Neves, Márcia C Garcia, Regina C Spadari, Ana Paula G Clemente, Maria P de Albuquerque, Daniel J Hoffman, Ana L Sawaya
Undernutrition is a stressor with long-term consequences, and the effect of nutritional recovery on cortisol and thyroid hormone status is unknown. To investigate basal thyroid hormones and the cortisol response to a cold pressor test in children recovered from undernutrition, a cross-sectional study was undertaken on children (6-16 years) separated into four groups: control (n 41), stunted (n 31), underweight (n 27) and recovered (n 31). Salivary cortisol was collected over the course of 10 h: upon awakening, before and after an unpleasant and a pleasant stimulus...
January 14, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26337632/maternal-flaxseed-diet-during-lactation-changes-adrenal-function-in-adult-male-rat-offspring
#4
Mariana Sarto Figueiredo, Ellen Paula Santos da Conceição, Elaine de Oliveira, Patricia Cristina Lisboa, Egberto Gaspar de Moura
Flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) has been a focus of interest in the field of functional foods because of its potential health benefits. However, we hypothesised that maternal flaxseed intake during lactation could induce several metabolic dysfunctions in adult offspring. In the present study, we aimed to characterise the adrenal function of adult offspring whose dams were supplemented with whole flaxseed during lactation. At birth, lactating Wistar rats were divided into two groups: rats from dams fed the flaxseed diet (FLAX) with 25% of flaxseed and controls dams...
October 14, 2015: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25963531/chronic-stress-associated-with-hypercaloric-diet-changes-the-hippocampal-bdnf-levels-in-male-wistar-rats
#5
I C Macedo, J R Rozisky, C Oliveira, C M Oliveira, G Laste, Y Nonose, V S Santos, P R Marques, M F M Ribeiro, W Caumo, I L S Torres
Chronic stress, whether associated with obesity or not, leads to different neuroendocrine and psychological changes. Obesity or being overweight has become one of the most serious worldwide public health problems. Additionally, it is related to a substantial increase in daily energy intake, which results in substituting nutritionally adequate meals for snacks. This metabolic disorder can lead to morbidity, mortality, and reduced quality of life. On the other hand, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is widely expressed in all brain regions, particularly in the hypothalamus, where it has important effects on neuroprotection, synaptic plasticity, mammalian food intake-behavior, and energy metabolism...
June 2015: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25963309/hyperemesis-gravidarum-and-risk-of-cancer-in-offspring-a-scandinavian-registry-based-nested-case-control-study
#6
Kathrine F Vandraas, Åse V Vikanes, Nathalie C Støer, Rebecca Troisi, Olof Stephansson, Henrik T Sørensen, Siri Vangen, Per Magnus, Andrej M Grjibovski, Tom Grotmol
BACKGROUND: Hyperemesis gravidarum is a serious condition affecting 0.8-2.3% of pregnant women and can be regarded as a restricted period of famine. Research concerning potential long-term consequences of the condition for the offspring, is limited, but lack of nutrition in-utero has been associated with chronic disease in adulthood, including some cancers. There is growing evidence that several forms of cancer may originate during fetal life. We conducted a large study linking the high-quality population-based medical birth- and cancer registries in Norway, Sweden and Denmark, to explore whether hyperemesis is associated with increased cancer risk in offspring...
2015: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25524476/an-enigmatic-l-carnosine-%C3%AE-alanyl-l-histidine-cell-proliferative-activity-as-a-fundamental-property-of-a-natural-dipeptide-inherent-to-traditional-antioxidant-anti-aging-biological-activities-balancing-and-a-hormonally-correct-agent-novel-patented-oral-therapy
#7
REVIEW
Mark A Babizhayev, Yegor E Yegorov
Hypothalamic releasing and inhibiting hormones are major neuroendocrine regulators of human body metabolism being driven directly to the anterior pituitary gland via hypothalamic-hypophyseal portal veins. The alternative physiological or therapeutic interventions utilizing the pharmaco-nutritional boost of imidazole-containing dipeptides (non-hydrolized oral form of carnosine, carcinine, N-acetylcarnosine lubricant eye drops) can maintain health, enhance physical exercise performance and prevent ageing. Carnosine (β-alanyl-L-histidine) is synthesized in mammalian skeletal muscle...
2015: Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25194732/exaggerated-activity-of-hpa-axis-in-obese-rats-fed-normocaloric-liquid-nutrition
#8
Michaela Vrabcova, Livia Mikuska, M Zeman, B Mravec
Experimental and clinical studies have shown alterations in activity of systems responsible for neuroendocrine stress response in obese individuals. Therefore we investigated the effect of palatable normocaloric liquid nutrition (Fresubin) on alterations in activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in male Wistar rats of different developmental stages. Control rats (CON) received standard pellet chow all the time from weaning (21st day of age) to 150 days. Fresubin was administered throughout the experiment (LN), only in juvenility (from 21st to 90th day of age; LNJ) or only in adulthood (from 90th to 150th day of age; LNA)...
September 2014: Acta Biologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24877129/in-vivo-antistress-and-antioxidant-effects-of-fermented-and-germinated-mung-bean
#9
Swee Keong Yeap, Boon Kee Beh, Norlaily Mohd Ali, Hamidah Mohd Yusof, Wan Yong Ho, Soo Peng Koh, Noorjahan Banu Alitheen, Kamariah Long
Mung bean has been traditionally used to alleviate heat stress. This effect may be contributed by the presence of flavonoids and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA). On the other hand, fermentation and germination have been practised to enhance the nutritional and antioxidant properties of certain food products. The main focus of current study was to compare the antistress effect of none-process, fermented and germinated mung bean extracts. Acute and chronic restraint stresses were observed to promote the elevation of serum biochemical markers including cholesterol, triglyceride, total protein, liver enzymes, and glucose...
2014: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24844259/embryo-number-and-periconceptional-undernutrition-in-the-sheep-have-differential-effects-on-adrenal-epigenotype-growth-and-development
#10
Olivia Williams-Wyss, Song Zhang, Severence M MacLaughlin, David Kleemann, Simon K Walker, Catherine M Suter, Jennifer E Cropley, Janna L Morrison, Claire T Roberts, I Caroline McMillen
Exposure to poor maternal nutrition around the time of conception results in an early prepartum activation of the fetal pituitary-adrenal axis and in increased adrenal growth and stress response after birth associated with epigenetic changes in a differentially methylated region (DMR) of adrenal IGF2/H19. We have determined the effects of maternal undernutrition during the periconceptional period (PCUN: 70% of control intake from 60 days before until 6 days after conception) and early preimplantation period (PIUN: 70% of control intake for 6 days after conception) on fetal plasma ACTH and cortisol concentrations and fetal adrenal ACTHR, StAR, 3βHSD, CYP11B, CYP17, TGFβ1, IGF1, IGF1R, IGF2, and IGF2R mRNA expression and the methylation level of sites within the DMRs of IGF2/H19 and IGF2R in the adrenal of twin and singleton fetuses at 136-138 days gestation...
July 15, 2014: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24733001/the-long-lasting-effect-of-ferumoxytol-on-abdominal-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#11
Aaron Harman, Kevin J Chang, Damian Dupuy, Peter Rintels
Ferumoxytol is a parenteral iron therapy that the Food and Drug Administration recently approved for the treatment of iron-deficiency anemia. The form of the iron, ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, causes T1, T2, and T2* shortening on magnetic resonance imaging, which can mimic hemosiderosis. We report such a case, with laboratory findings that demonstrate normal iron stores, and discuss the potential implications.
July 2014: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24648121/thyroid-hormones-in-fetal-growth-and-prepartum-maturation
#12
REVIEW
A J Forhead, A L Fowden
The thyroid hormones, thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), are essential for normal growth and development of the fetus. Their bioavailability in utero depends on development of the fetal hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid gland axis and the abundance of thyroid hormone transporters and deiodinases that influence tissue levels of bioactive hormone. Fetal T4 and T3 concentrations are also affected by gestational age, nutritional and endocrine conditions in utero, and placental permeability to maternal thyroid hormones, which varies among species with placental morphology...
June 2014: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24108072/maternal-dietary-restriction-during-the-periconceptional-period-in-normal-weight-or-obese-ewes-results-in-adrenocortical-hypertrophy-an-up-regulation-of-the-jak-stat-and-down-regulation-of-the-igf1r-signaling-pathways-in-the-adrenal-of-the-postnatal-lamb
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Song Zhang, Janna L Morrison, Amreet Gill, Leewen Rattanatray, Severence M MacLaughlin, David Kleemann, Simon K Walker, I Caroline McMillen
Maternal dietary restriction during the periconceptional period results in an increase in adrenal growth and in the cortisol stress response in the offspring. The intraadrenal mechanisms that result in the programming of these changes are not clear. Activation of the IGF and the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)/suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS) pathways regulate adrenal growth. We have used an embryo transfer model in sheep to investigate the impact of exposure to either dietary restriction in normal or obese mothers or to maternal obesity during the periconceptional period on adrenal growth and function in the offspring...
December 2013: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24084173/dietary-restriction-in-the-periconceptional-period-in-normal-weight-or-obese-ewes-results-in-increased-abundance-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-ace-and-angiotensin-type-1-receptor-at1r-in-the-absence-of-changes-in-ace-or-at1r-methylation-in-the-adrenal-of
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Song Zhang, Janna L Morrison, Amreet Gill, Leewen Rattanatray, Severence M MacLaughlin, David Kleemann, Simon K Walker, I Caroline McMillen
Exposure to dietary restriction during the periconceptional period in either normal or obese ewes results in increased adrenal growth and a greater cortisol response to stress in the offspring, but the mechanisms that programme these changes are not fully understood. Activation of the angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1R) has been demonstrated to stimulate adrenal growth and steroidogenesis. We have used an embryo transfer model in the sheep to investigate the effects of exposure to dietary restriction in normal or obese mothers from before and 1 week after conception on the methylation status, expression, abundance and localisation of key components of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the adrenal of post-natal lambs...
2013: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24064362/a-role-for-glucocorticoids-in-stress-impaired-reproduction-beyond-the-hypothalamus-and-pituitary
#15
REVIEW
Shannon Whirledge, John A Cidlowski
In addition to the well-characterized role of the sex steroid receptors in regulating fertility and reproduction, reproductive events are also mediated by the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in response to an individual's environment. Glucocorticoid secretion in response to stress contributes to the well-characterized suppression of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis through central actions in the hypothalamus and pituitary. However, both animal and in vitro studies indicate that other components of the reproductive system are also regulated by glucocorticoids...
December 2013: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24049889/essential-fatty-acid-requirements-of-cats-pathology-of-essential-fatty-acid-deficiency
#16
M L MacDonald, B C Anderson, Q R Rogers, C A Buffington, J G Morris
The pathologic changes of essential fatty acid (EFA) deficiency were studied in specific-pathogen-free, domestic shorthair cats which were fed purified diets for 1.5 to 2.5 years. Cats fed an EFA-deficient diet exhibited signs of deficiency: severe fatty degeneration of the liver, excessive fat in the kidneys, dystrophic mineralization of the adrenal glands, degeneration of the testes, and hyperkeratosis of the skin. Minor clinical pathologic changes were consistent with liver damage. Fatty acid analyses of plasma lipids revealed low concentrations of linoleate and other n6-fatty acids, and high concentrations of n7- and n9-fatty acids, consistent with EFA deficiency...
July 1984: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23886560/feeding-issues-in-iugr-preterm-infants
#17
Valentina Bozzetti, Paolo E Tagliabue, Gerard H A Visser, Frank van Bel, Diego Gazzolo
Intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a severe and quite common problem in obstetrics. A condition of placental dysfunction can lead to a cardiovascular adaptation in the fetus characterized by a redistribution of cardiac output to maintain oxygen supply to the heart, adrenal glands and brain - the so-called brain sparing effect - at the expense of visceral organs (such as the gastrointestinal system). This condition may predispose IUGR infants to impaired gut function after birth. A higher incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is documented in IUGR preterm infants...
October 2013: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23627245/adrenal-fatigue
#18
Loyd V Allen
This article discusses the function of the adrenal gland and adrenal fatigue, to include the symptoms, possible causes, and treatment of adrenal fatigue. Compounding pharmacists can prepare formulations to assist the patient who is suffering from this syndrome. Included with this article are formulations which require a physician's prescription, as well as nonprescription nutritional supplements.
January 2013: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23342917/changes-in-estrogen-receptor-eralpha-and-erbeta-expression-in-chicken-gallus-domesticus-adrenal-gland-during-short-fasting-and-refeeding
#19
Małgorzata Błachuta, Danuta Wrońska-Fortuna
Estrogen receptors have been found in the adrenal gland of rodents, monkeys, mares and sheep, indicating a connection between sex steroids and the activity of the adrenal gland. In the present study, the expression of estrogen receptors alpha (ERalpha) and beta (ERbeta) in the chicken adrenal gland during stress induced by 24 h fasting and after refeeding was determined using reverse transcription and the polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The presence of both ER mRNAs in the adrenal gland of all examined groups was found...
2012: Folia Biologica (Krakow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23262238/steroid-hormones-stress-and-the-adolescent-brain-a-comparative-perspective
#20
REVIEW
G R Brown, K A Spencer
Steroid hormones, including those produced by the gonads and the adrenal glands, are known to influence brain development during sensitive periods of life. Until recently, most brain organisation was assumed to take place during early stages of development, with relatively little neurogenesis or brain re-organisation during later stages. However, an increasing body of research has shown that the developing brain is also sensitive to steroid hormone exposure during adolescence (broadly defined as the period from nutritional independence to sexual maturity)...
September 26, 2013: Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
105194
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"