Read by QxMD icon Read

Colistin-resistant strain bacteria

Li Chen, Jilei Zhang, Jiawei Wang, Patrick Butaye, Patrick Kelly, Min Li, Feng Yang, Jiansen Gong, Afrah Kamal Yassin, Weina Guo, Jing Li, Chunlian Song, Chengming Wang
Antimicrobial resistance against colistin has emerged worldwide threatening the efficacy of one of the last-resort antimicrobials used for the treatment of Enterobacteriaceae. To investigate the presence of the recently identified colistin resistance genes (mcr-4, mcr-5) in China, we established PCRs to detect mcr-4 and mcr-5 on 213 anal and 1,339 nasal swabs from apparently healthy pigs (n = 1,454) in nine provinces, and 1,696 cloacal and 1,647 oropharyngeal samples from poultry (n = 1,836) at live-bird markets in 24 provinces of China...
2018: PloS One
Peter M Hawkey, Roderic E Warren, David M Livermore, Cliodna A M McNulty, David A Enoch, Jonathan A Otter, A Peter R Wilson
The Working Party makes more than 100 tabulated recommendations in antimicrobial prescribing for the treatment of infections caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) and suggest further research, and algorithms for hospital and community antimicrobial usage in urinary infection. The international definition of MDR is complex, unsatisfactory and hinders the setting and monitoring of improvement programmes. We give a new definition of multiresistance. The background information on the mechanisms, global spread and UK prevalence of antibiotic prescribing and resistance has been systematically reviewed...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Paulina Paluchowska, Pawel Nowak, Malgorzata Skalkowska, Alicja Bjdak
Acinetobacter baumannii is a major cause of nosocomial infections worldwide. Therapeutic options in management of this bacteria are limited. Tigecycline is considered as an alternative treatment of infections caused by multidrug-resistant A. baumannii strains, however this resistance has emerged recently. Another growing problem is a lack of international consensus between U.S. FDA and EUCAST recommendations, regarding tigecycline breakpoints for Acinetobacter spp., and frequently off-label use. The aim of the present study was to assess the in vitm susceptibility to tigecycline and other antimicrobials, routinely used in the treatment of infections, among 155 A...
May 2017: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
Zahra Hashemizadeh, Davood Kalantar-Neyestanaki, Shahla Mansouri
INTRODUCTION: Multidrug-resistant (MDR) Escherichia coli, a species that is a leading cause of urinary tract infections (UTIs) and is a major global public health concern. This study was designed to detect the differences in antibiotic resistance patterns, the production and type of extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs), and the clonal relationships among E. coli isolates from UTIs and fecal samples. METHODS: Antibacterial resistance was determined by the disk diffusion method...
January 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Shahram Mobaraki, Mohammad Aghazadeh, Mohammad Hossein Soroush Barhaghi, Mohammad Yousef Memar, Hamid Reza Goli, Pourya Gholizadeh, Hossein Samadi Kafil
BACKGROUND: The presence of Class 1, 2 and 3 integrons in clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa with multi-drug resistance phenotype has rendered the organism as a new concern. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of Class 1, 2 and 3 integrons in multi-drug resistant clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa collected from hospitals in the city of Tabriz Materials and Methods: A total of 200 P. aeruginosa non-duplicated clinical isolates were collected from inpatients and outpatients in different wards of hospitals from May to November 2016...
March 2018: BioMedicine
D Lepelletier, R Bonnet, P Plésiat, M H Nicolas-Chanoine, A Berger-Carbonne, C Chidiac, B Grandbastien
The increasing use of colistin has contributed to the emergence of resistant bacteria and to an increase in the frequency of infections caused by naturally resistant Enterobacteriaceae strains such as Proteus, Providencia, Morganella, and Serratia. In August 2016, the French High Council for Public Health (French acronym HCSP) received a request from the Ministry of Health on the advice of the French National Public Health agency (Santé publique France) with regard to measures that should be taken to tackle the emergence of plasmid-mediated colistin resistance among Enterobacteriaceae strains...
February 20, 2018: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
F Del Bianco, M Morotti, M F Pedna, P Farabegoli, V Sambri
OBJECTIVES: To start a surveillance program to investigate the possible diffusion of mobilized colistin resistance genes in Enterobacteriaceae strains isolated in the Unit of Microbiology of the Great Romagna Hub Laboratory. METHODS: All the colistin resistant Enterobacteriaceae, isolated from August 1st 2016 to July 31st 2017, were prospectively evaluated for mcr-1 a mcr-2. Backdated survey of mcr-3, mcr-4 and mcr-5 was performed on the same group of isolates. Species identification was achieved by Vitek MS and the antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed both with Vitek-2 and Sensititre systems...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Wai-Sing Chan, Chun-Hang Au, Dona N Ho, Tsun-Leung Chan, Edmond Shiu-Kwan Ma, Bone Siu-Fai Tang
BACKGROUND: Human fecal carriage of Enterobacteriaceae possessing mobilized colistin resistance genes (mcr-1 and mcr-2) remains obscure in Hong Kong. As part of routine surveillance on emerging antibiotic resistance, we conducted a prospective study on this topic in a regional hospital in Hong Kong. METHODS: From October 31 to November 25, 2016, all fecal specimens submitted for routine analysis were included in this surveillance study. These comprised 672 consecutive routine fecal specimens collected from 616 individuals...
February 13, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Yi-Ming Wang, Ling-Cong Kong, Jie Liu, Hong-Xia Ma
Background: Bacterial infections have become more challenging to treat due to the emergence of multidrug-resistant pathogenic bacteria. Combined antibiotics prove to be a relatively effective method to control such resistant strains. This study aim to investigate synergistic activity of eugenol combined with colistin against a collection of clinical isolated Escherichia coli (E.coli) strains, and to evaluate potential interaction. Methods: Antimicrobial susceptibility, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and fractional inhibitory concentration index (FICI) of the bacteria were determined by disk diffusion assay, broth microdilution method and checkerboard assay, respectively...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Liliane Okdah, Stéphanie Le Page, Abiola Olumuyiwa Olaitan, Grégory Dubourg, Linda Hadjadj, Jean-Marc Rolain
BACKGROUND: The recent emergence of colistin resistance, particularly mcr-1 plasmid-mediated colistin resistance in Gram negative bacteria, has led to renewed interest in antibiotic combinations to overcome clinical therapeutic impasses. OBJECTIVE: We aim to evaluate the potential of the synergistic and bactericidal activity of colistin in combination with sulphonamide compounds including sulfadiazine, sulfamethoxazole, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, against clinical colistin-resistant bacterial strains, including strains with the plasmidic mcr-1encoding gene...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Tony Velkov, Alejandra Gallardo-Godoy, James D Swarbrick, Mark A T Blaskovich, Alysha G Elliott, Meiling Han, Philip E Thompson, Kade D Roberts, Johnny X Huang, Bernd Becker, Mark S Butler, Lawrence H Lash, Sónia Troeira Henriques, Roger L Nation, Sivashangarie Sivanesan, Marc-Antoine Sani, Frances Separovic, Haydyn Mertens, Dieter Bulach, Torsten Seemann, Jeremy Owen, Jian Li, Matthew A Cooper
Resistance to the last-resort antibiotic colistin is now widespread and new therapeutics are urgently required. We report the first in toto chemical synthesis and pre-clinical evaluation of octapeptins, a class of lipopeptides structurally related to colistin. The octapeptin biosynthetic cluster consisted of three non-ribosomal peptide synthetases (OctA, OctB, and OctC) that produced an amphiphilic antibiotic, octapeptin C4, which was shown to bind to and depolarize membranes. While active against multi-drug resistant (MDR) strains in vitro, octapeptin C4 displayed poor in vivo efficacy, most likely due to high plasma protein binding...
January 23, 2018: Cell Chemical Biology
Craig R MacNair, Jonathan M Stokes, Lindsey A Carfrae, Aline A Fiebig-Comyn, Brian K Coombes, Michael R Mulvey, Eric D Brown
Plasmid-borne colistin resistance mediated by mcr-1 may contribute to the dissemination of pan-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. Here, we show that mcr-1 confers resistance to colistin-induced lysis and bacterial cell death, but provides minimal protection from the ability of colistin to disrupt the Gram-negative outer membrane. Indeed, for colistin-resistant strains of Enterobacteriaceae expressing plasmid-borne mcr-1, clinically relevant concentrations of colistin potentiate the action of antibiotics that, by themselves, are not active against Gram-negative bacteria...
January 31, 2018: Nature Communications
Nahla O Eltai, Elmoubasher A Abdfarag, Hamad Al-Romaihi, Eman Wehedy, Mahmoud H Mahmoud, Osama K Alawad, Mohammed M Al-Hajri, Asmaa A Al Thani, Hadi M Yassine
Antibiotic resistance (AR) is a growing public health concern worldwide, and it is a top health challenge in the 21st century. AR among Enterobacteriaceae is rapidly increasing, especially in third-generation cephalosporins and carbapenems. Further, strains carrying mobilized colistin resistance ( mcr) genes 1 and 2 have been isolated from humans, food-producing animals, and the environment. The uncontrolled use of antibiotics in food-producing animals is a major factor in the generation and spread of AR. No studies have been done to evaluate AR in the veterinary sector of Qatar...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
Haifang Zhang, Minhui Miao, Jieting Yan, Min Wang, Yi-Wei Tang, Barry N Kreiswirth, Xia Zhang, Liang Chen, Hong Du
The plasmid-encoded colistin resistance gene (mcr-1) has recently been reported in various Gram-negative species. However, the expression profile of mcr-1 remains unknown. Here, we investigated the expression of mcr-1 in various plasmids and bacteria. The mcr-1 expression levels in pMCR1_IncX4 varied from 1.81 × 10-5 to 1.05 × 10-4 (pmol per μg total RNA) in the two K. pneumoniae strains SZ03 and SZ04 (ST25) and the two E. coli strains SZ01 and CDA6 (ST2448 and ST167, respectively). The mcr-1 expression levels of pMCR1_IncI2 in E...
December 8, 2017: Oncotarget
Farzin Khorvash, Mohammadreza Yazdani, Shiva Shabani, Aliasghar Soudi
Background: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a severe challenge for antimicrobial therapy, due to the chromosomal mutations or exhibition of intrinsic resistance to various antimicrobial agents such as most β-lactams. We undertook this study to evaluate the existence of SME, IMP, AIM, and VIM metallo-β-lactamases (MBL) encoding genes among P. aeruginosa strains isolated from Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients in Al-Zahra Hospital in Isfahan, Iran. Materials and Methods: In a retrospective cross-sectional study that was conducted between March 2012 and April 2013, a total of 48 strains of P...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
Barbara Turchi, Simone Mancini, Luisa Pistelli, Basma Najar, Filippo Fratini
Fourteen Staphylococcus aureus wild strains were stressed with sub-inhibitory concentration of five essential oils: Leptospermum scoparium (manuka), Origanum majorana (marjoram), Origanum vulgare (oregano), Satureja montana (winter savoury) and Thymus vulgaris (thyme). Antibiotics susceptibility profiles of the strains were determined by agar disk diffusion method before and after EOs treatment. The following antibiotics were employed: amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, amikacin, ampicillin, amoxicillin, aztreonam, ceftazidime, cephalothin, ciprofloxacin, colistin, cefotaxime, doxycycline, enrofloxacin, erythromycin, gentamicin, cephalexin, neomycin, piperacillin, rifampin, streptomycin, trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole, tetracycline and tobramycin...
December 22, 2017: Natural Product Research
Shahriar Sepahvand, Mohammad Ali Davarpanah, Amir Roudgari, Abbas Bahador, Vajihe Karbasizade, Zahra Kargar Jahromi
Background: Acinetobacter baumannii is an important human pathogen which has recently gained increased attention due to the occurrence of drug-resistant nosocomial infections in patients suffering from immune system disorders, and those in hospital intensive care units. The aim of this research was to identify and isolate A. baumannii strains resistant to colistin, determine antibiotic resistance pattern of this bacteria, investigate the presence of colistin-resistant genes, and finally assess the effect of expression changes in pmrA and pmrB genes resistant to A...
2017: Infection and Drug Resistance
Sophie Baron, Zineb Leulmi, Claude Villard, Abiola Olumuyiwa Olaitan, Amar A Telke, Jean-Marc Rolain
Colistin has become a last-line antibiotic for the treatment of multidrug-resistant bacterial infections; however, resistance to colistin has emerged in recent years. Some bacteria, such as Proteus and Serratia spp., are intrinsically resistant to colistin although the exact mechanism of resistance is unknown. Here we identified the molecular support for intrinsic colistin resistance in Proteus spp. by comparative genomic, transcriptomic and proteomic analyses of colistin-susceptible (CSUR P1868_S) and colistin-resistant (CSUR P1867_R) strains of an atypical Proteus vulgaris...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Mariasofia Caltagirone, Elisabetta Nucleo, Melissa Spalla, Francesca Zara, Federica Novazzi, Vittoria M Marchetti, Aurora Piazza, Ibrahim Bitar, Marica De Cicco, Stefania Paolucci, Giorgio Pilla, Roberta Migliavacca, Laura Pagani
To evaluate the water compartment antibiotic-resistance contamination rates, 11 wells, five streams, and four treatment plants located in the Oltrepò Pavese area were screened for the presence of third generation cephalosporins resistant Gram-negative bacteria. Enterobacteriaceae were also characterized for the Extended-Spectrum-β-Lactamases (ESBLs), carbapenemases, and mcr-1 genes presence. From December 2014 to November 2015, 246 water samples were filtered, plated on Plate Count Agar, MacConkey Agar, and MacConkey Agar with cefotaxime...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
Lucie Bardet, Stéphanie Le Page, Thongpan Leangapichart, Jean-Marc Rolain
BACKGROUND: Multi-drug resistant bacteria are a phenomenon which is on the increase around the world, particularly with the emergence of colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae and vancomycin-resistant enterococci strains. The recent discovery of a plasmid-mediated colistin resistance with the description of the transferable mcr-1 gene raised concerns about the need for an efficient detection method for these pathogens, to isolate infected patients as early as possible. The LBJMR medium was developed to screen for all polymyxin-resistant Gram-negative bacteria, including mcr-1 positive isolates, and vancomycin-resistant Gram-positive bacteria...
November 23, 2017: BMC Microbiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"