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Acute bronchiolitis and urinary tract infection

Bishnu Rath Giri, Ram Hari Chapagain, Samana Sharma, Sandeep Shrestha, Sunita Ghimire, P Ravi Shankar
BACKGROUND: Earthquakes impact child health in many ways. Diseases occurring immediately following an earthquake have been studied in field based hospitals but studies on the inpatient disease pattern among children without trauma in a permanent hospital setup is lacking. METHODS: We examined the diagnoses of all children without trauma, admitted to Kanti Children's Hospital, Kathmandu for fifteen-week duration (from 4th week to end of the 18th week) following the 7...
February 5, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
José Miguel Ramos-Fernández, Eva Pedrero-Segura, Mario Gutiérrez-Bedmar, Beatriz Delgado-Martín, Ana María Cordón-Martínez, David Moreno-Pérez, Antonio Urda-Cardona
INTRODUCTION: The renewal of clinical practice guidelines on acute bronchiolitis (AB) requires the re-assessment of the consequences of their implementation. An update is presented on the main clinical and epidemiological variables in patients hospitalised due to AB in Southern Europe and an analysis made of the causes associated with longer hospital stay. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A retrospective study was conducted on patients admitted to hospital due to AB during 5 epidemics (2010-2015), with an analysis of the major clinical and epidemiological variables...
November 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Mohamed A Hendaus, Ahmed H Alhammadi, Mohamed S Khalifa, Eshan Muneer, Prem Chandra
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of urinary tract infection in infants and children with bronchiolitis. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study involving patients zero to 24 months of age who were hospitalized with acute bronchiolitis was conducted. RESULTS: A total of 835 paediatric patients with acute bronchiolitis were admitted to the paediatric ward between January 2010 and December 2012. The mean (± SD) age at diagnosis was 3...
June 2015: Paediatrics & Child Health
Azza Abdel Gawad Tantawy, Tarif Hamza Sallam, Dalia Mohamed Ibrahim, Mohamed Tarif Sallam, Iman Ahmed Ragab
This study aimed to assess the prevalence, severity, and etiology of neutropenia in infants and children admitted to a children's hospital in Egypt. A total of 200 patients with neutropenia were recruited from April 1, 2010 to September 30, 2010. Patients with a known hematological or immunological disease were excluded. Patients were followed till recovery or an underlying cause was uncovered. Viral serological analysis was done for patients with moderate/severe neutropenia, including cytomegalovirus (CMV); Epstein-Barr virus (EBV); hepatitis A, B, and C viruses; and HIV...
February 2013: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
C Ochoa Sangrador, J González de Dios
A review of the evidence on the most commonly used diagnostic procedures in acute bronchiolitis is presented. Rapid diagnostic tests for respiratory syncytial virus infection are acceptably valid. These tests show a moderate to high sensitivity and a high specificity in relation to other reference tests. The tests most commonly used, due to their low complexity and rapid performance (enzyme immunoassay, immunochromatography and optical immunoassay techniques), have lower sensitivity than immunofluorescence...
April 2010: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Waheeb Sakran, Hassan Makary, Raul Colodner, Dror Ashkenazi, Yoseph Rakover, Raphael Halevy, Ariel Koren
OBJECTIVE: Acute otitis media (AOM) in the neonatal period can be difficult to diagnose. This infection can be isolated and localized, or it may be associated with serious bacterial infections or other illnesses. The objectives of this study were to determine the clinical presentation, etiology, susceptibility pattern, and frequency of bacteremia, meningitis and other serious bacterial infections associated with the first episode of AOM in young infants. METHODS: From July 2002 to August 2004, infants less than 12 weeks of age with confirmed AOM underwent tympanocentesis with culture of the middle ear fluid...
April 2006: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
C Ponvert, L Galoppin, J Paupe, J de Blic, M Le Bourgeois, P Scheinmann
BACKGROUND: Blood histamine levels are decreased after severe allergic reactions and in various chronic diseases. AIMS: To study blood histamine levels in infants and children with acute infectious and non-infectious, non-allergic, disease. METHODS: Blood histamine levels were investigated by a fluorometric method in infants and children admitted to hospital with bronchiolitis, non-wheezing bronchitis, acute infections of the urinary tract, skin and ear-nose-throat, gastroenteritis, or hyperthermia of unknown aetiology...
February 2001: Mediators of Inflammation
M Gracey
Pediatricians are in a unique place in society by being able not only to care for the health and well-being of mothers and which, are their clinical responsibility, but also by being able to act as advocates for those patients who are often among the most vulnerable of our population. This article illustrates some of these points by referring to Australian Aboriginals from the vast desert areas of Westerns Australia. In remote areas of Western Australia, Aboriginal infants have high rates of low birth weight, failure to thrive and undernutrition...
January 1997: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Y Toyonaga, K Yamori, K Hatakeyama, K Kawamura, K Seo, M Hori
UNLABELLED: Panipenem/betamipron (PAPM/BP), one of the carbapenems, was studied for its absorption and excretion, and clinical efficacy. The following is a summary of the results: 1. Absorption and excretion: Fourteen patients with their ages between 2 years and 14 years were administered with PAPM/BP 10 mg/kg, 20 mg/kg or 30 mg/kg, in 30-minute intravenous drip infusion. Maximum serum levels of PAPM, at dose levels of 10 mg/10 mg/kg, 20 mg/20 mg/kg and 30 mg/30 mg/kg of PAPM/BP, were 27...
March 1992: Japanese Journal of Antibiotics
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