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rebleeding score in oesophageal varices

Adrian J Stanley, Sheila Dickson, Peter C Hayes, Ewan H Forrest, Peter R Mills, Dhiraj Tripathi, Joanna A Leithead, Kim MacBeth, Lyn Smith, Daniel R Gaya, Harry Suzuki, David Young
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Rebleeding after an initial oesophageal variceal haemorrhage remains a significant problem despite therapy with band ligation, non-selective β-blockers or a combination of these. Carvedilol is a vasodilating non-selective β-blocker with alpha-1 receptor and calcium channel antagonism. A recent study has suggested it is effective in the prevention of a first variceal bleed. Our aim was to compare oral carvedilol with variceal band ligation (VBL) in the prevention of rebleeding following a first variceal bleed...
November 2014: Journal of Hepatology
Flemming Bendtsen, Gennaro D'Amico, Ea Rusch, Roberto de Franchis, Per Kragh Andersen, Didier Lebrec, Dominique Thabut, Jaime Bosch
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Two randomized controlled studies have evaluated the effect of recombinant Factor VIIa (rFVIIa) on variceal bleeding in cirrhosis without showing significant benefit. The aim of the present study was to perform a meta-analysis of the two trials on individual patient data with special focus on high risk patients. METHODS: The primary outcome measure was the effect of rFVIIa on a composite five day endpoint: failure to control bleeding, 5-day rebleeding or death...
August 2014: Journal of Hepatology
Shereen Shoukry Hunter, Sherif Hamdy
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Oesophageal variceal haemorrhage is a devastating complication of portal hypertension (PHT). This study was done to determine the risk factors for re-bleeding within 5 days and mortality up to 6 weeks in patients with cirrhosis and acute variceal haemorrhage (AVH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 100 patients presenting with haematemesis and/or melena due to bleeding varices. All patients were subjected to full clinical assessment, routine laboratory investigations, calculation of the Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) and model for end stage liver disease (MELD) scores, abdominal ultrasound and emergency upper gastrointestinal endoscopy...
June 2013: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
Jake E J Krige, Urda K Kotze, Rauf Sayed, Sean Burmeister, Marc Bernon, Galya Chinnery
BACKGROUND: Variceal bleeding (VB) is the leading cause of death in cirrhotic patients with oesophageal varices. We evaluated the efficacy of emergency endoscopic intervention in controlling acute variceal bleeding and preventing rebleeding and death during the index hospital admission in a large cohort of consecutively treated alcoholic cirrhotic patients after a first variceal bleed. METHODS: From January 1984 to August 2011, 448 alcoholic cirrhotic patients (349 men, 99 women; median age 50 years) with VB underwent endoscopic treatments (556 emergency, 249 elective) during the index hospital admission...
June 2012: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Hyasinta Jaka, Mheta Koy, Anthony Liwa, Rodrick Kabangila, Mariam Mirambo, Wolfgang Scheppach, Eliasa Mkongo, Mabula D McHembe, Phillipo L Chalya
BACKGROUND: Upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is recognized as a common and potentially life-threatening abdominal emergency that needs a prompt assessment and aggressive emergency treatment. A retrospective study was undertaken at Bugando Medical Centre in northwestern Tanzania between March 2010 and September 2011 to describe our own experiences with fibreoptic upper GI endoscopy in the management of patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding in our setting and compare our results with those from other centers in the world...
2012: BMC Research Notes
Laura Muntaner, José Trinidad Altamirano, Salvador Augustin, Antonio González, Rafael Esteban, Jaime Guardia, Joan Genescà
BACKGROUND & AIM: We analysed prognostic indicators of long-term outcome in cirrhotic patients surviving the critical 6-week period after an episode of acute variceal bleeding. METHODS: All patients with oesophageal variceal bleeding from 2001-2007 were prospectively registered. Follow-up extended from day 42 after index bleeding to last visit, death or liver transplantation (LT). Multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed. RESULTS: Two hundred and fifty variceal bleeding episodes were registered...
September 2010: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Erwin Biecker, Felix Roth, Jörg Heller, Hans H Schild, Tilman Sauerbruch, Michael Schepke
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic relevance of the portal pressure gradient (PPG) before and after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunt (TIPS) insertion in patients with liver cirrhosis and recurrent oesophageal variceal bleeding. METHODS: 118 cirrhotic patients (Child A/B/C, 41/56/21; Child score, 7.7+/-2.0; baseline PPG, 21.8+/-4.7 mmHg) underwent TIPS for the prevention of variceal rebleeding. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied to identify the independent determinants of rebleeding and survival...
October 2007: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Dominique Thabut, Brigitte Bernard-Chabert
Gastrointestinal bleeding is a frequent and severe complication of portal hypertension. The most frequent cause of the bleeding is variceal rupture. Despite improvements in prognosis after variceal bleeding over the past two decades, the 6-week mortality rate remains high, ranging from 15 to 30%. Patients die from uncontrolled bleeding, early rebleeding, infection, or renal failure within the first weeks of a bleeding episode. Poor hepatic function, severe portal hypertension with a hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) >20 mmHg, and active bleeding at endoscopy are independently associated with poor prognosis...
2007: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
D Tripathi, G Therapondos, E Jackson, D N Redhead, P C Hayes
BACKGROUND: The transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunt (TIPSS) is effective in the management of both oesophageal and gastric variceal bleeding. Although it has been reported that gastric varices can bleed at pressures of < or = 12 mm Hg, this phenomenon has been little studied in the clinical setting. AIMS: To assess the efficacy of TIPSS on rebleeding and mortality following gastric and oesophageal variceal bleeding, and the importance of portal pressure in both groups...
August 2002: Gut
C J Rees, D L Nylander, N P Thompson, J D Rose, C O Record, M Hudson
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that gastric varices bleed at lower portosystemic pressure gradients (PSPG) than oesophageal varices and that transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is a particularly effective treatment in these patients. AIMS: This study was undertaken to assess the difference in PSPG measured at the time of TIPS insertion between patients bleeding from gastric and those bleeding from oesophageal varices. Rebleeding and mortality rates between the two groups were also compared...
June 2000: Liver
M Gross, W G Zoller
Haemorrhage from oesophageal varices is a life-threatening event in patients with liver cirrhosis. About 40-80% of patients surviving the first bleeding suffer a recurrence within 1 year. This high recurrence rate substantially contributes to the mortality in patients with liver cirrhosis. Therefore, various treatment regimens in both primary and secondary prophylaxis were studied. Most experience in medical primary prophylaxis was collected with beta-blockers, mainly propranolol. Treating patients with oesophageal varices with propranolol significantly reduces the incidence of first variceal bleeding...
June 1997: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
A A Connacher, F C Campbell, I A Bouchier, A Cuschieri
A policy of joint management of patients with acute variceal bleeding was constructed and applied prospectively to 37 consecutive patients. According to the protocol, every patient underwent an initial joint assessment by a physician and a surgeon soon after admission and resuscitation, which included age, previous history, physical examination and biochemical profile. Pugh's modification of Child's scoring system was used to assess the severity of the underlying hepatic disorder. Patients in groups A and B who were less than 70 years of age were treated by shunt surgery carried out during the same admission...
September 1986: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
P A McCormick, M Y Morgan, A Phillips, T P Yin, N McIntyre, A K Burroughs
The effect of continued alcohol intake on prognosis in alcoholic cirrhotics who have already bled from varices is controversial. To investigate the effect of alcohol intake on prognosis we studied 189 consecutive alcoholic cirrhotics admitted, for the first time, to the Royal Free Hospital with variceal bleeding. Sixty-six died within 30 days of admission and 23 were excluded from the study for other reasons. Of the 100 remaining 15 remained 'probably abstinent' over long-term follow-up, 29 drank occasionally and 56 continued to misuse/abuse alcohol...
January 1992: Journal of Hepatology
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