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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691028/production-of-a-functional-frozen-yogurt-fortified-with-bifidobacterium-spp
#1
Amro Abdelazez, Zafarullah Muhammad, Qiu-Xue Zhang, Zong-Tao Zhu, Heba Abdelmotaal, Rokayya Sami, Xiang-Chen Meng
Frozen dairy products have characteristics of both yogurt and ice cream and could be the persuasive carriers of probiotics. Functions of the frozen yogurt containing viable bifidobacterial cells are recognized and favored by the people of all ages. We developed a kind of yogurt supplemented by Bifidobacterium species. Firstly, five strains of Bifidobacterium spp. (Bifidobacterium bifidum ATCC 11547, Bifidobacterium longum ATCC 11549, Bifidobacterium infantis ATCC 11551, Bifidobacterium adolescentis ATCC 11550, and Bifidobacterium breve ATCC 11548) were evaluated based on the feasibility criteria of probiotics, comprising acid production, bile tolerance, and adhesion to epithelial cells...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520597/key-performance-indicators-assessment-to-develop-best-practices-in-an-emergency-medical-communication-centre
#2
Yann Penverne, Brice Leclere, Julien Labady, Frederic Berthier, Joel Jenvrin, Francois Javaudin, Eric Batard, Emmanuel Montassier
INTRODUCTION: Emergency Medical Communication Centre (EMCC) represents a pivotal link in the chain of survival for those requiring rapid response for out-of-hospital medical emergencies. Assessing and grading the performance of EMCCs are warranted as it can affect the health and safety of the served population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our work was to describe the activity on an EMCC and to explore the associations between different key performance indicators. METHODS: We carried out our prospective observational study in the EMCC of Nantes, France, from 6 June 2011 to 6 June 2015...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490856/team-leader-structuring-for-team-effectiveness-and-team-learning-in-command-and-control-teams
#3
Selma van der Haar, Mieke Koeslag-Kreunen, Eline Euwe, Mien Segers
Due to their crucial and highly consequential task, it is of utmost importance to understand the levers leading to effectiveness of multidisciplinary emergency management command-and-control (EMCC) teams. We argue that the formal EMCC team leader needs to initiate structure in the team meetings to support organizing the work as well as facilitate team learning, especially the team learning process of constructive conflict. In a sample of 17 EMCC teams performing a realistic EMCC exercise, including one or two team meetings (28 in sum), we coded the team leader's verbal structuring behaviors (1,704 events), rated constructive conflict by external experts, and rated team effectiveness by field experts...
April 2017: Small Group Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286298/the-effects-of-parathyroid-hormone-peptides-on-the-peripheral-skeleton-of-postmenopausal-women-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Louis M Metcalf, Terry J Aspray, Eugene V McCloskey
Given current developments in anabolic therapy for bone, we wished to document the effects of the only currently available anabolic therapy, parathyroid hormone (PTH) peptides, on the peripheral skeleton of postmenopausal women. We undertook a systematic review of English articles using MEDLINE, Scopus and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (final update 28th March 2016). Additional studies were identified through searches of bibliographies. Studies included those comparing PTH peptides with placebo, with anti-osteoporotic treatments and in combination therapies...
March 9, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270170/effect-and-accuracy-of-emergency-dispatch-telephone-guidance-to-bystanders-in-trauma-post-hoc-analysis-of-a-prospective-observational-study
#5
Håkon Kvåle Bakke, Tine Steinvik, Håkon Ruud, Torben Wisborg
BACKGROUND: Emergency medical communication centres (EMCCs) dispatch and allocate ambulance resources, and provide first-aid guidance to on-scene bystanders. We aimed to 1) evaluate whether dispatcher guidance improved bystander first aid in trauma, and 2) to evaluate whether dispatchers and on-scene emergency medical services (EMS) crews identified the same first aid measures as indicated. METHODS: For 18 months, the crew on the first EMS crew responding to trauma calls used a standard form to assess bystander first aid...
March 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236428/targeted-simulation-and-education-to-improve-cardiac-arrest-recognition-and-telephone-assisted-cpr-in-an-emergency-medical-communication-centre
#6
Camilla Hardeland, Christiane Skåre, Jo Kramer-Johansen, Tonje S Birkenes, Helge Myklebust, Andreas E Hansen, Kjetil Sunde, Theresa M Olasveengen
AIM: Recognition of cardiac arrest and prompt activation time by emergency medical dispatch are key process measures that have been associated with improved survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). The aim of this study is to improve recognition of OHCA and time to initiation of telephone assisted chest compressions in an emergency medical communication centre (EMCC). METHODS: A prospective, interventional study implementing targeted interventions in an EMCC...
May 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856240/time-delays-to-reach-dispatch-centres-in-different-regions-in-europe-are-we-losing-the-window-of-opportunity-the-eurocall-study
#7
Nikolaos Nikolaou, Maaret Castrén, Koenraad G Monsieurs, Diana Cimpoesu, Marios Georgiou, Violetta Raffay, Rudolph Koster, Silvija Hunyadi-Antičević, Anatolij Truhlář, Leo Bossaert
AIM: In out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) the start of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) by a single rescuer may be delayed considerably if the total time (TT) to connect the telephone call to the Emergency Medical Communication Centre (EMCC) is prolonged. EUROCALL investigated the TT-EMCC and its components using different calling procedures. METHODS: This prospective, multicentre, randomised study was performed in April 2013. Telephone calls were randomly allocated to time of call, and to those connecting directly to the EMCC (1-step procedure) and those diverted before connecting to the EMCC (2-step procedure)...
February 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835809/study-on-tangentially-polarized-composite-cylindrical-piezoelectric-transducer-with-high-electro-mechanical-coupling-coefficient
#8
Longyang Jia, Guangbing Zhang, Xiaofeng Zhang, Yu Yao, Shuyu Lin
In this work, we proposed an effective way to fabricate a tangentially polarized composite cylindrical transducer with high electro-mechanical coupling coefficient (EMCC) by radially connecting an inner tangential polarized piezoelectric tube with an outer metal ring. The resonance frequency and EMCC of the proposed transducer are calculated according to frequency equations, which are obtained from the equivalent circuit of the transducer, and the results indicate that EMCC of the tangentially polarized cylindrical transducer is much higher than that of the cylindrical transducer polarized in radial direction...
February 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768861/factors-impacting-upon-timely-and-adequate-allocation-of-prehospital-medical-assistance-and-resources-to-cardiac-arrest-patients
#9
Camilla Hardeland, Kjetil Sunde, Helge Ramsdal, Susan R Hebbert, Linda Soilammi, Fredrik Westmark, Fredrik Nordum, Andreas E Hansen, Jon E Steen-Hansen, Theresa M Olasveengen
AIM: Explore, understand and address issues that impact upon timely and adequate allocation of prehospital medical assistance and resources to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. METHODS: Mixed-methods design obtaining data for one year in three emergency medical communication centres (EMCC); Oslo-Akershus (OA), Vestfold-Telemark (VT) and Østfold (Ø). Data collection included quantitative data from analysis of dispatch logs, ambulance records and audio files...
December 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755124/telemedicine-based-physician-consultation-results-in-more-patients-treated-and-released-by-ambulance-personnel
#10
Nikolaj Raaber, Morten T Bøtker, Ingunn S Riddervold, Erika F Christensen, Niels-Christian Emmertsen, Thorbjørn Grøfte, Hans Kirkegaard
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether teleconsultation from ambulances to a physician at an emergency medical communication center (EMCC) would increase the proportion of patients with nonurgent conditions being treated and released on site. METHODS: This research was a before-after pilot study. In the intervention period, the EMCC was manned 24/7 with physicians experienced in emergency care. Eligible participants included all patients with nonurgent conditions receiving an ambulance after a medical emergency call...
October 17, 2016: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737641/dispatch-guideline-adherence-and-response-interval-a-study-of-emergency-medical-calls-in-norway
#11
Eirin N Ellensen, Torben Wisborg, Steinar Hunskaar, Erik Zakariassen
BACKGROUND: The Emergency Medical Communication Centre (EMCC) operators in Norway report using the Norwegian Index for Medical Emergency Assistance (Index), a criteria-based dispatch guideline, in about 75 % of medical emergency calls. The main purpose of a dispatch guideline is to assist the operator in securing a correct response as quickly as possible. The effect of using the guideline on EMCC response interval is as yet unknown. We wanted to ascertain an objective measure of guideline adherence, and explore a possible effect on emergency medical dispatch (EMD) response interval...
October 13, 2016: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629892/non-urgent-emergency-callers-characteristics-and-prognosis
#12
K K Lehm, M S Andersen, I S Riddervold
OBJECTIVE: In Denmark, calls to the Danish emergency number 1-1-2 concerning medical emergencies are received by an emergency medical communication center (EMCC). At the EMCC, health care professionals (nurses, paramedics, and physicians) decide the necessary response, depending on the level of emergency as indicated by the Danish Index for Emergency Care. The index states 37 main criteria (symptoms) and five levels of emergency, descending from A (life threatening) to E (not serious)...
March 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560859/significance-of-endometrial-cells-in-cervical-cytology
#13
Eun Jeong Yu, Noh-Hyun Park, Yong-Sang Song, Yoo-Kyung Lee
This study evaluated the clinical significance of endometrial cells in Papanicolaou test (Pap test). A retrospective study was performed from the cytological database of Seoul National University Hospital. The results of Pap tests of women aged 40 years or older between January 1998 and December 2007 were sorted. Medical records were reviewed to identify the presence of endometrial cells from cytology, and cytologic and histologic follow-ups were performed to determine the clinical significance of the lesions...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27018654/across-shelf-distribution-of-blue-mussel-larvae-in-the-northern-gulf-of-maine-consequences-for-population-connectivity-and-a-species-range-boundary
#14
Philip O Yund, Charles E Tilburg, Michael A McCartney
Studies of population connectivity have largely focused on along-shelf, as opposed to across-shelf, processes. We hypothesized that a discontinuity in across-shelf mixing caused by the divergence of the Eastern Maine Coastal Current (EMCC) from shore acts as an ecological barrier to the supply of mussel larvae to the coast. Existing data on the relative abundance of two congeneric blue mussels, Mytilus edulis and M. trossulus, were analysed to quantify the association of M. trossulus with the colder temperature signal of the EMCC and generate larval distribution predictions...
December 2015: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26031475/descriptions-and-presentations-of-sepsis-a-qualitative-content-analysis-of-emergency-calls
#15
Katarina Bohm, Lisa Kurland, Sofia Bartholdson, Maaret Castrèn
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a serious condition which requires early treatment. We often fail to recognize sepsis patients in the chain of prehospital care. Knowledge of how sepsis is expressed in calls to the emergency medical communication centre (EMCC) is limited. An increased understanding could lead to earlier identification of patients with sepsis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the descriptions of sepsis used during communication between the caller and the emergency medical dispatcher (EMD)...
October 2015: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25971395/non-specific-complaints-in-the-ambulance-predisposing-structural-factors
#16
Maaret Castrén, Lisa Kurland, Sofia Liljegard, Therese Djärv
BACKGROUND: The pre-hospital assessment non-specific complaint (NSC) often applies to patients whose diagnosis does not match any other specific assessment correlating to particular symptoms or diseases, though some previous studies have found them to be related to serious underlying conditions. The aim was to identify whether the structural factors such as urgency according to the dispatch priority of the Emergency Medical Communication Centre (EMCC) or work load in the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) are predisposing factors for the assessment of NSC instead of a specific assessment...
May 15, 2015: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25939364/foamsearch-net-a-custom-search-engine-for-emergency-medicine-and-critical-care
#17
Todd Raine, Brent Thoma, Teresa M Chan, Michelle Lin
The number of online resources read by and pertinent to clinicians has increased dramatically. However, most healthcare professionals still use mainstream search engines as their primary port of entry to the resources on the Internet. These search engines use algorithms that do not make it easy to find clinician-oriented resources. FOAMSearch, a custom search engine (CSE), was developed to find relevant, high-quality online resources for emergency medicine and critical care (EMCC) clinicians. Using Google™ algorithms, it searches a vetted list of >300 blogs, podcasts, wikis, knowledge translation tools, clinical decision support tools and medical journals...
August 2015: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25932153/chemopreventive-effects-of-5-amino-salicylic-acids-on-inflammatory-bowel-disease-associated-colonic-cancer-and-colonic-dysplasia-a-meta-analysis
#18
Xiaorong Xu, Xuanfu Xu, Yangzong Ciren, Baisui Feng, Chunhua Tao, Yujing Xia, Zhanju Liu
PURPOSE: To study the effects of 5-amino salicylic acids (5-ASAs) on the incidence rates of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-associated colonic cancer (IBDACa) and colonic dysplasia (IBDADys), as well as to evaluate the chemopreventive effects of 5-ASAs on IBDACa/Dys. METHODS: Searches for officially published clinical studies on the effects of 5-ASAs on the chemoprevention of IBDACa/Dys were conducted in both foreign-language databases, including PubMed (Medline), EMCC, OVID, and the Cochrane Library, and Chinese databases, including Wanfang, Weipu (VIP), and CNKI, as well as using Google Scholar...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25922106/identification-of-stroke-during-the-emergency-call-a-descriptive-study-of-callers-presentation-of-stroke
#19
Annika Berglund, Mia von Euler, Karin Schenck-Gustafsson, Maaret Castrén, Katarina Bohm
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate symptoms presented by the caller during emergency calls regarding stroke, and to assess if symptoms in the Face-Arm-Speech-Time Test (FAST) are related to identification of stroke. SETTING: Emergency calls to the Emergency Medical Communication Center (EMCC) concerning patients discharged with stroke diagnosis in a large teaching hospital in Stockholm, Sweden, in January-June 2011. PARTICIPANTS: The emergency calls of 179 patients who arrived at hospital by ambulance, and who were discharged with a stroke diagnosis and consented to participate were included in the study...
April 28, 2015: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25834664/the-social-media-index-measuring-the-impact-of-emergency-medicine-and-critical-care-websites
#20
Brent Thoma, Jason L Sanders, Michelle Lin, Quinten S Paterson, Jordon Steeg, Teresa M Chan
INTRODUCTION: The number of educational resources created for emergency medicine and critical care (EMCC) that incorporate social media has increased dramatically. With no way to assess their impact or quality, it is challenging for educators to receive scholarly credit and for learners to identify respected resources. The Social Media index (SMi) was developed to help address this. METHODS: We used data from social media platforms (Google PageRanks, Alexa Ranks, Facebook Likes, Twitter Followers, and Google+ Followers) for EMCC blogs and podcasts to derive three normalized (ordinal, logarithmic, and raw) formulas...
March 2015: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
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